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Патент USA US2129259

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‘Sept; ‘6, 1938.
I
-
s. J. BOUGHTON -
,
2,129,259
GEAR CHANGE OPERATING MEANS
Fi'led June 4', 1954
s Sheets-Sheet 1
JNVENTUE -'
Sept- 6, v1933-
I ‘
s. J. BOUGHTON
‘
2,129,259
GEAR CHANGE OPERATING MEANS
‘Filed June 4, 1934
‘
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
Sept. 6, 1938.
s. J. BOUGHTON
2,129;z59
GEAR CHANGE ‘OPERATING MEANS
Filed June 4, 1.934
a Shéets-Sheet 5
Patented Sept. 6, 1938
2,129,259
PATENT cornea
UNITED ~ STATES
~2,129,259
.
GEAR CHANGE OPERATING MEANS
Solon J. Boughton, Shaker Heights, Ohio
_
Appllcation'June 4, 1934, Serial No. 728,852
15 Claim. (Ci. 192-35)
,
This invention relates to improvements in gear tion oi the view being indicated by the line 6-8 '
change operating means, that is to say mechanism of Fig. 5.v
,
_
,
for changing the speed ratios in a transmission,
Fig. '7 is a’detail sectional view on a la ger
particularly a transmission for an automotive I scale, taken suntially along the line
5 vehicle, including as one aspect of the invention
oi Fig. 5.
- .
a manually controlled power operated clutch.
--‘i
Fig. 8 issan elevational view of the shift lever
One of the objects of. the invention is the pro- ‘ in the reverse gear position with the quadrant
' vision of means, conveniently'located upon, the
shown in cross section substantially along the line
steering post of an automotive vehicle, for revolv
t-t' of Fig.» 6.
ing or controlling ‘the revolution of the gear car
rier oi’ a revoluble gear carrier type of trans
,
it—-ili, respectively, of Fig. 1.,
.
N
' Fig. ii is a detail sectional view taken‘ sub
stantially along the line Ii-i I of Fig. 4, and
‘ Fig. 12 is, a detail sectional view of a dog clutch
'
Another object is the provision oi means asso-'
ciated with the gear shiiting‘or control lever for ‘
effecting the actuation of the vehicle clutch, and
' particularly means so constructed and arranged
20 that it must be operated to\ effect. declutching
before the lever can be moved, and will neces
sarily be operated to effect clutching aiter the
lever has reached a ‘new gear' position and has
been released by the operator.
25
Still another object is the provision 0! means
for reducing to a minimum the dragging e?ect
of the grease in the transmission casing, thereby
facilitating the revolution of the gear carrier,
. particularly in cold weather.
30 '
/
taken substantially along the li es @_—t and
mission.
Another object is the provision of means for
preventing the accidental shifting of the carrier
to the reversegear position.
a
Figs. 9 and 10 are transverse sectional views 10
Other objectsanid features of novelty will
element with a synchronizer incorporated there
in.
-
a
'
,
‘
-
The present invention is concerned principally
with the manipulation'oi the gear carrier in- a
revoluhle gear carrier type of transmission, such
as is‘ dlscid in my prior Patent No. 1,815ii34,
issued July 31, 1931.
-
-
As illustrated in Fig. l‘, the transon may
include a casing it which is rigidly supported.
in the ‘vehicle to the rear oi a conventional
clutch, diagrammatically illustrated at It. A
shaft it extends from the clutch through a hear-'
ing in the
at... it. In alignment with the
shaft ii there is adriven shaft it,_mounted in a
ring in the rear wall of c
it. The shafts W
ii
d it carrvdog clutch elements it and 2t
respectively, which are slidahly keyed ‘or splined
purposes of the present application, I
ve illus- ‘ to the shafts, In the casingv it, parallel with
trated in the accompanying drawings, in which
aligned shafts ii and it, there is a jack shai'tvii
“
Fig. l is a diagrammatic view of a change speed ,which is oscillatahle in hearings in the casing.
appear as I proceed with the description of those
embodiments of, they invention which, for the
35
" so
transmission of the revoluble carrier type to
gether with a shift lever and operating connec~
iions therefor, and a power clutch actuator with
control means therefor incorporated in the sill
The gearcarrier in this ccondsts oi a pair
oi‘ circular and plates 22 and it which
keyed
to the
t 20 and are joined together and braced
lever.
by a plurality oi rods or holts 2i. Spacing sleeves
‘
-
-
i
Fig. 2 is a plan view illustrating the dog clutch
disengaging means.
'
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view, partly broken away
and partly in section, of a steering wheel 101‘
45 an automotive vehicle, showing my shift lever and
associated parts.
Shaft it supports the gear carrier.
35 .
‘
25 surround thwe bolts between ‘the plates 22
and it. On' the shaft ti between‘ the carrier
plates 22 and, it there is an elongated anti
friction bushing orloearing ‘it upon which rotates "
chest of three gears 211,23 and it, which together 45
form the countershait gears for each of the gear ' '
There are three "such trains, reverse '
Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view, largely dia- . trains.
grammatic, illustrating a hydraulic clutch actu
gear, first gear and second gear and, in addition,
there is direct drive; It will be obvious that a
ator, with, electrical control means, andin'clud
50 ing the steering post oi an automotive vehicle
greater or mailer number of gear trains could 50.
through which the electric control circuit extends. be provided if desired.
'
,
,
Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional view taken sub-' ‘ The carrier as illustrated in Fig. 1 is in the
stantially on the line 5—5 of Fig. 3.
\
Fig. 6 is a developed ‘vertical sectional view
55 through a quadrant for the shift lever, the posi
reverse gear position. The carrier plate 22 has
mounted therein a short shaft It which entends
forward and has keyed thereon a gear 3| and a 55
2,129,259
‘ dog clutch element 32 which is adapted to be en
the external teeth on the clutch elements car
ried by the shafts in the revoluble carrier. The
synchronizer herein illustrated consists‘ of a disk
5| having friction material on its outer surface
and provided with external teeth slidably ?tting
the teeth 50. A plurality of pins 52 are threaded
into the disk 5| and are slidable through holes
gaged by the dog clutch element l9; Mounted in
the other carrier plate 23 in alignment with the
shaft 30 there is another short shaft 33 with a
5 dog clutch element 34 on its outer end and with
a gear 35 keyed on its inner end.
The gear 35
meshes at all times with the countershaft gear 29.
Referring to Fig. 10, it will be seen that gear 21
meshes with a relatively small gear 36 that is
10 keyed to a shaft 31 positioned 90° away from
shaft 30. Shaft 31 is a short shaft‘ journaled
in carrier plate 22. On its outer extremity and
formed in the part 48 of the clutch element, these
pins having headed ends for engagement with
the end surface of the clutch element. A coil, 10
spring 53 seated in a socket in’ the extremity of‘
‘the shaft l1 tends to advance the disk 5| into
in front of plate 22 this shaft carries a dog clutch frictional engagement with the_ outer surface of
element 38 identical with the clutch element 32, the clutch element 32, assuming that the trans
15 ’while behind the clutch element 38 is a gear 39 mission is in the position illustrated in Fig._1. 15
which meshes with gear 3|.
.,
When the clutch element I9 is retracted the pins
The drive for reverse gear, coming from shaft , 52 prevent this frictional engagement, but when
the clutch element I3 is moved toward the clutch
l9 and 32 to gear 3|, thence through gear 39 to element 32‘ the disk 5| is permitted to engage the
clutch element 32 and the frictional contact "be
20 shaft 31, and by way of gear 36 to countershaft
i gear 21, thence from countershaft gear 29 to gear tween them tends to bring them to the same ro
35 on shaft- 33 and out to the propeller shaft tational speed. The movement of the element
through dog clutchelements 34 and 20.
‘ .' |9 then continuing causes the teeth 50 to advance
For ?rst speed the gear carrier is rotated beyond the disk 5| and slide into engagement
with the teeth on clutch element 32, without
25 through an anglefof 90° from the position illus
trated, causing dog clutch element 33 to come clash.
into alignment with clutch element l9. Drive
The annular grooves-in clutch elements is and
takes place through clutch elements I9 and 33, 20 are engaged by shifting forks 54 which are
shaft 31, and gear 36 to countershaft gear 2], and attached to sleeves 55 and 56 that are slidably
30 thence through countershaft gear 29 to another mounted upon’ a rod 51 which extends entirely
\gear like the gear 35 but in alignment with gear through the casing l5 and is slidable therein. A
36, and out to the propeller shaft. When the smaller sleeve 58 is‘ mounted on ‘rod 51 interme~
gear carrier is rotated 180° ‘from the position diate the sleeves 55 and 56, and is provided with
illustrated in Fig. 1, a dog- clutch element 40 a pivot pin 53 which extends upwardly into a
socket in thetop of the casing l5, by means of
35 is brought into alignment with clutch element
‘ls. Clutch element 40 is keyed to a vshort shaft which arrangement the sleeve 58 is held in fixed
4| journaled in carrier plate ‘22. On the inner position. On the pivot pin 59 there is rotatably
end of this'shaft there is keyed a gear 42 which mounted a lever 60 which is connected at its ends
meshes with the middle gear 28 of the counter
by links 6| and 62'with ears 63 and 64 extending
40 shaft gears. Another short shaft 43 is journaled laterally from the sleeves 55 and 56. It will be
in carrier plate 23 in alignment with shaft‘ 4|, obvious that when the sleeve 55 is moved toward
and on its inner end there is keyed a gear 44 the right in Figs. 1 and 2 the sleeve 56 will be
which meshes with countershaft gear 29. A dog moved toward the left, and vice versa. Springs
clutch element 45 is keyed to the outer or rear 65 and 66 surrounding the sleeves 55 and 56 may
45 ‘end of shaft 43 and is adapted to be engaged by be usedto exert pressure on the dog clutch ele
clutch element '20. When this second speed ments v‘l3 and 20 tending to move them into
I1, is transmitted through dog clutch elements
20
25
30
40
operative position.
train is in operative position 180“ from the posi
tion illustrated in Fig. 1, driving force may be
Sleeve 55 is provided with a 'detent 61 which
transmitted from shaft l1 throughclutch ele- ' is adapted to engage with any one of four notches
50
ments l9 and 40 to shaft 4|, thence through
gear 42 to countershaft gear. 23, thence through
gears 23 and 44 to shaft 43, and thence through
68 in the periphery of the carrier plate 22, these
notches being positioned in radial ‘alignment with
clutch elements 45 and 20 out-to the propeller I
shaft.
'
"
High speed position is 270° in a clockwise di
rection'from the position shown in Figs.!9 and
l 10.
It does not include any speed train, but em
bodies a shaft 46 which extends entirely through
the carrier and is journaled in both of the end
60 plates 22 and 23 thereof beingrpr'ovided on its
_ extremities with dog clutch elements 41 identi
cal‘ with the elements 32 and 34 and‘ the cor
responding elements of the other gear trains.
, In Fig. 1 the dog clutch elements l9 and 20
65 are shown in their withdrawn or disengaged posi
tions. These elements preferably, although not
necessarily, include some form of synchronizer.
An example is illustrated in Fig. 12. The clutch
element includes a portion 48 which is slidable
‘upon shaft |'|, these two parts being held againstv
relative rotation by interengaging splines. This
.part of the clutch is provided with an annular
groove 49. The remaining portion of the clutch
is cup-shaped.- Teeth 53 are formed on its inner
.75 wall, and these teeth are adapted to engage with
the different gear train positions.
Neutral position of the carrier is half-way be
tween reverse position and first speed position.
For neutral position I prefer to hold the clutch 55
elements I! and 20 retracted or in the positions
illustrated in Fig. 1, and for this purpose I pro
vide a slightly raised socket 69 on the side of the
carrier plate 22, as shown in Fig. 2, whereby the
sleeve 55 is held back against the action of 60
spring 65.
‘
As an example of means for revolving the gear
' carrier ‘from one speedpositionto another, I have
illustrated herein a gear 10 keyed to shaft 2|,
which may be rotated by suitable means, as by a 65
rack 1|. This rack may project through the eas
ing l5 and may '“be moved by any convenient
means. The movement of the rack may be ac
-_complished' manually if desired by means com
prising a sector 12 on the lower end of a tube 13 70
which is voscillatahly mounted within the steering
post 14 ,of the vehicle. The portions of the rack
1| engaged by the sector ‘I2 and the gear ‘Ill may
or may not be in alignment and. may or may not
be directly connected.
75
2,129,259
3 .
As indicated in Fig. 4, the steering wheel ‘I5 is ?ange 95 and the sleeve 55 also move forward for
mounted at the upper end of a tube 16 which is ' the disengagement oi.’ the dog clutches.
rotatably mounted‘ within the tubular steering
post-‘I4. Inside the tube ‘I6 there is a ?xed tube
‘ ‘I‘I projecting upwardly beyond the tube 18, and
upon the upper end 0! tube 11 there' are mounted
two diverging arms ‘III which support a quadrant
‘I9. The oscillatable tube ‘I3 is positioned within
the fixed tube ‘II, and extends‘ upwardly there;
10 beyond far enough to support a hollow shift lever
80, the connection between the tube and lever
being a hinge M in order to permit a slight verti
cal swinging of the lever. Vertical projections
82 on the tube ‘l3 extending into the hollow lever
carry part of the strain caused by lever move
ments.
>
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‘
,
Within the hollow lever 80 there is rotatably
mounted ashaft 83 upon which is a crank 84. _ A
hand-wheel 85 on a protruding extremity of the
shaft affords means for oscillating the same. A
yoke 86 receives the crank 84 on the shaft and is
adapted tobe raised from the position of Fig. 6
' by movement of the shaft in either direction from
its position of rest. A detent l1 projects down
wardly from the yoke M and is adapted to enter
any one of ?ve sockets R, N, I, 2 and H in the top
of quadrant ‘it, which sockets are positioned to.
correspond with the various gear positions of the
gear carrier 22, 23 for reverse, neutral, 1st speed,
2nd-speed ‘and high speed, respectively. A coil
spring 9 tends to hold the yoke 88 and detent 81!
in their lower position.
‘Where ‘hereinafter the phrase "gear shift COD".
trol element” is employed it is intended to signi
35 .fy the lever 8t and any part or parts which may
be directly connected therewith, as for instance
the tube l3 and the gear sector ‘E2 in the em
bodiment illustrated.‘
i
As indicated in Fig. l, a movable element of
the service clutch It is connectedwith'a collar
~ 88 which is keyed to slide on shaft I'll. ‘This col
/lar is provided with a peripheral groove which
In the present instance the piston 92 is oper
‘ated by hydraulic means. 96 is a gear pump
driven ‘by the engine of the vehicle. It may be
located in the engine oil sump and may have
a connection with the pool of oil in the sump, as
indicated at 81. This pump runs constantly and
causes oil to circulate through a conductor 9! up
to cylinder 93 and back‘through _a conductor 89 10
to the pump. A valve I00 in return pipe "is
normally open, permitting free. circulation of the
oil. when this valve is closed however, oil pres
sure builds up rapidly in the (Minder 93 causing
piston 92 to move to the left, operating the 15
clutches. The valve I00 is provided with a crank
“II which constitutes the armature of an elec
tromagnet I02.‘ When this magnet is energized
the crank I III is raised to the position of Fig. 4,
closing the valve.
A set screw I03 serves as an
adjustable abutment for the crank IUI, thereby
determining the size of the oil passage around the
valve I00, and consequently the speed with'which
the cylinder 93 may be emptied. This provides
an e?'ective means for regulating the engaging
action of the clutches to secure rapid engagement
without grabbing.
.
.
0n the rearend of shaft 83 in hollow shift lever
86, there is a contact I04 which is adapted to en
gage with the circular portions ofa‘spring con 30
tact ?nger "I05 whenevervthe shaft 83 is turned
through a small angle from the hormal position
thereof. This ?nger mil is mounted upon an in
sulating base I06 which is secured to the bottom
wall of the lever 80. An insulated electrical con
’ductor I0‘! is connected withl?nger I05 and w
35
down through the tube It in the steering post
through battery H5 and thence to electromagnet
ms. The end 0! this conductor is grounded, and
the shaft 83 is also grounded.
‘~
It will be seen, therefore: that when the hand
wheel 85 on the end of the shaft 813 is turned. to
may be engaged by the shifting fork of a conven-\ lift the detent 81, anlelectrical circuit will be set
lever, and connections may be ar-‘ up through electromagnet me which will close
45 ranged also between this lever and the 'sleeve 65, valve tilt and cause the clutches to be disengaged
preferably through red ill, for the purpose oi’ op- ~ preparatory to the movement of the lever dd ‘i’or
era-ting sleeves 55 and lit, by which the dog clutch shifting the gear carrier from one position to an
other. When the operator desires to disengage
elements are connected or disconnected. Opera
tion of the main and dog clutches manually in the main clutch It without shifting gears, he
this manner is quite satisfactory, but still greater simply turns the hand-wheel $5. The clutch le 50
tional clutc
ease and speed of gear [shifting may be obtained
by the use of an electrically controlled power ac
tuator for the main and dog clutches,- which will
now be described.
'
.
,
I
In the forward end of rod B‘! there are ?ats Flt
which'ai’i'ord’means for engagement with a clutch
lever which is indicated by tit, the lever being.‘ '
pivoted at ti. This. lever also has a fork engagJ
ver til may be provided with a foot pedal for use
in emergencies if desired.
In order to provide a circuit for oil around the 2
pump when the piston is in the forward or actu
ated position, a safety valve‘ WI’ is located in a 55
by-pass between the, sides of the line, as indi
cated in Fig. 1. I
g
.
revolving parts of the gear carrier are pref
erably enclosed by a sheet metal cylinder itt sep
ing the collar 38 for the main clutch It.
A piston M is lined upon the rod bl and is slid-_ arating the grease within the cylinder from that
ably mounted in a cylinder 93 which
y be con- . outside'of the cylinder and providing a smooth
nected with the forward end of casing it. > A plu. surface of revolution, whereby the revolution of
rality of rods at are threaded into the piston 92 the carrier is not materially interfered with bythe
of the grease even in the coldest weather.
and extend slidably through openings formed in drag
On that portion of the quadrant 19 in which the
a ?ange 95 on the forward end of sleeve 56. The sockets I, '2 and H aredocated I may provide a
- ?ange 95 is not a- piston, and in fact it may be rib or ?ange III! which is adapted to be engaged
nothing more than’a spider. Heads on the rods ' by a hook I III on the lever 8t, preventing the lever
- 9| serve to prevent separation of the piston 92 ' from being swung on its hinge II when anywhere
and ?ange to beyond a predetermined extent. in the forward speed range. The quadrant M has
'70
Obviously, when the piston ‘92 moves forward-the a stop well ill in positio'nto be engaged by the
rod 51 moves with-it, and the. collar ll moves lever ‘80 when‘the- latter is turned to neutral posi
forward at the sametime, beginning the disen
tion. In order to make a '_ shift to reverse gear
gagement of I the main clutch I6. As soon as the
tion, it is necessary, for the operator to lift the
75 slack a?orded by the rods “is taken up, the outer end of lever ll against the action of a spring
.
-
.
l
60
635
70
75
4
.
' 9,129,259
I I! in order to get it over the stop Ill.‘ Acci
dental shifting into reverse position is thereby
avoided.
'
-
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. In anaautomotive vehicle, a steering ,post, a
steering wheel, a clutch, a transmission of the
revolving gear carrier type, means for revolving
said gear carrier to bring the desired gear train
into operative position, a shift lever mounted to
10 turn about an axis extending lengthwise of said
steering post and operatively connected ‘with said
carrier revolving means, and means associated
with said lever for controlling said clutch.
2. In ‘an automotive vehicle, a steering. post, a
15 steering wheel, a clutch, a transmission of the
revolving gear, carrier type, means for revolving
said gear carrier to bring the desired gear train
into operative position, an "osciliatable . tube
mounted within the steering post and extending
20 upwardly beyond the steering wheel, a shift lever
attached to and projecting outwardly from the
upper end of said oscillatable tube, an operative
connection between the lower end of said tube and
said carrier revolving means, and means associ
25 ated with said lever for controlling said clutch.
3. In an automotive vehicle, a steering post, a
steering wheel, a clutch, a constant mesh change
speed transmission of a kind to be shifted by con
tinuous movement of one character from neutral
30 or any forward speed to any higher forward speed '
spring detent carried by the lever adapted to enter
any one of said recesses, an electric switch carried
by the lever, means actuated by said motor for
operating said clutch, electric means in circuit
with said switch for controlling said motor actu
ated means, and an element at the free end of the
‘lever rotatable for withdrawing said detent and .
closing said switch, and bodily movable for mov
ing said lever over its quadrant.
'
‘
'7. In an automotive vehicle, a gear shift lever 10
mounted to swing, a quadrant over which said
lever runs, said quadrant having gear positions
in the order of reverse, neutral, ?rst, second and
high speeds, a stop on the quadrant between the
reverse and neutral positions, means permitting 15
relative movement of the stop and lever' at right
angles to the quadrant in order that ‘the lever
.may be moved from neutral to reverse position,
clutch control means, and means associated with
said lever for operating said clutch control 20
" means.
, 8. In an automotive vehicle, a gear shift lever
mounted to swing about an upright axis, a quad
rant over which said lever runs, said quadrant
having one level for neutral and forward gear 25
positions and ‘a higher level ‘for reverse gear po
sition, said ‘lever having a hinged joint therein
permitting the outer portion of the lever beyond
the hinge to be moved from the lower level of
the quadrant to the higher level thereof and vice 30
and vice versa, means for shifting said transmis 'versa, clutch control means, and means asso
sion, an oscillatable tube mounted within the ciated with said lever for operating said clutch
steering post and extending upwardly beyond said
steering wheel, a shift lever attached to and pro
35 jecting outwardly from the upper end of said
oscillatable tube, an operative connection between
the lower end of said tube and said means for
‘shifting the transmission, and means associated
with said lever for controlling said clutch.
I 4. ‘In an automotive vehicle, a motor, a steering
post, a transmission, a clutch interposed between
the motor and transmission, a gear shift lever at
the top of said post operatively connected with
said transmission, an electric switch carried by
said lever, means at the free end of the lever for
operating said switch, ‘means actuated by said
motor for operating said clutch, and electrical
means in circuit with said switch for controlling ‘
said power actuated means.
-
5. In an automotive vehicle, a transmission, a
clutch, a shaft, operative connections between one
end of said shaft and said transmission for chang
ing the'transmission from‘ one speed to another,
a ?xed quadrant at the other end of the shaft
55 having recesses therein corresponding with the
di?’erent speed positions of .the transmission, a
shift lever attached to the last named end of
said shaft and running over said quadrant, a
, control means.
9. In an automotive vehicle, a motor, a trans
mission, a clutch interposed between the motor
and transmission, a gear shift control element‘
operatively connected with said transmission, an
electric switch carried by said control element,
means at the free end of the control element
for operating said switch, a hydraulic cylinder
and piston for operating said “clutch, means
driven by the motor for circulating liquid
through said cylinder, a valve‘ on the return side
of the liquid line, and electrical means in cir
cuit with said switch for. closing said valve,
whereby pressure is built up in the cylinder.
10.‘ In an automotive vehicle, a motor, a trans
mission, a clutch interposed between the motor
and transmission, a gear shift lever operatively
connected with said transmission, a- hydraulic 50
cylinder and piston for operating said clutch,
means driven by the motor for circulating liquid
through the cylinder, a valve on the return side
of the liquid line, and means associated‘ with said
lever and adapted to be operated by the hand 55
of the operator on the lever for, opening.and _ . ,
closing said valve.
free end of the leverv rotatable for withdrawing
11. In an automotive vehicle, a motor, a-trans
mission, a. clutch interposed between the motor
and transmission, a gear shift control element 60
operatively connected with said transmission, a
said detent, and means associated with said rela
vhydraulic cylinder and piston for operating said
spring detent carried by thev lever adapted to
60 enter any one of said recesses, an element at the
tively movable element for controlling said clutch, ' clutch, means driven by the motor for circulat
and bodily movable for moving said lever over its
quadrant.
-
ingiliquid throughthe cylinder, a valve on the
return side of the ‘liquid line, means associated 65
6. In, an automotive vehicle, a motor, a trans _, with said control element and adapted to be
mission, a clutch interposed between the motor operated by the handy of the operator on the
and transmission, a shaft, operative connections
control element for opening and closing said‘
between one end of said shaft and said transmis- '
valve, and a by-pass with a spring loaded valve
therein arranged across said liquid line for pre-.
.venting excessive pressure in the line.
70 sion for changing the transmission from one speed
to another,‘ a ?xed quadrant at the other. end oi?v
the shaft having recesses therein, corresponding‘
12. In an automotive vehicle, ‘a motor, a trans- . .
with the different-speed positions of the transmis- ' mission,va clutch interposed between the motor
sion, a; shift lever attached to the last-named end
75 of said shaft and running over said quadrant, a.
and transmission, a gear shift control element '
operatively connected with said transmission, a
' 5
~ arouse
hydraulic cylinder and piston for operating said
said post, an electric switch carried by said lever,
clutch, means driven by the motor for circulat
ing liquid through the cylinder, a valve for con
ing said switch, power actuated means’ for op~
means at the free end of saidlever for operat- ,
erating said clutch, and electrical means in cir
means associated with said control element and cuit with said switch for controlling said power
actuated means.
,
'
adapted to be actuated by the hand of the op
15. In an automotive vehicle, a transmission,
erator on the control element for opening and
- a clutch, a quadrant, a gear shift control ele
closing said valve.
13. In an automotive vehicle, a steering post,‘ ment comprising a lever arranged to swing about
10
10 a steeringwheel, a clutch, a transmission of the ‘ the center of the quadrant and running over the
revolving gear carrier type, means for revolving quadrant, said quadrant having recesses therein
trolling the ?ow of liquid through said line, and
, said gear carrier to bring the desired gear train
corresponding with the different speed positions
into operative-position, a gear shift control ele
ment mounted to turn about an axis extending
of the transmission, a spring, detent carried by
15 lengthwise of said steering post and adapted to
vthe lever adapted to enter any one of said re
cesses, means set in‘ operation by the movement 15
e?ect actuation of said gear carrier revolving _ of said control element from one speed position
means, and ‘means associated with said gear
shift control element for effecting operation of
said clutch.
20
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14. In an automotive vehicle, a motor, a steer
ing post, a transmission, a clutch interposed he
, tween the motor and transmission, a gear shift
control element operatively connected with said
transmission, comprising a lever at the top of
to another, for eifecting a corresponding shift
of the transmission, rotatable means at the free
‘ end of the lever for withdrawing said detent and
bodily movable for moving said lever over its 20
quadrant, and means associated with said ro
tatable means for controlling‘the actuation of
said clutch.
'
,
SOLON J. BOUGHTON.
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