close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2129288

код для вставки
Sept. 6, 1938.
E. R. SHATTUCK
2,129,288
ROOF
Filed Dec. 7, 1956
W
I/EA/TO/Q ,17 3Y.
/E77/€4 B. J/?’ 7706K
5/
if?“
Patented Sept. 6, 1938
2,129,288
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIcE
2,129,288
ROOF
Earl R. Shattuck, Southgate, Cali?, assignor of
one-half to W. L. Venton, Los Angeles, Calif.
Application December 7, 1936, Serial No. 114,596
2 Claims. (Cl. 108-7)
My invention relates to roofs, and has for its ?ed form of roof constructed in accordance with
principal object the provision of a relatively sim
my improved method.
ple and easily practiced method of constructing a
Referring by numerals to the accompanying
weather-proof roof from thin sheets of material, drawing, ID designates the roof boards of a roof
5 either flexible or rigid, and which material may having a pitch of approximately 45°, but it will
be in the form of rolls, or of plain or designed be understood that my improved method contem
sheets or shingles.
plates the construction of a roof covering on roofs
A further object of my invention is to provide of different inclinations and on the outer surfaces
an improved method of assembling two or more of vertically disposed walls and the like.
10 layers of thin material to form an ef?cient cov
In producing the roof by my improved method
ering or siding for the external surfaces of walls ‘from material such as composition roo?ng, and hi
and the like.
which is delivered to the user in rolls, a starting
Further objects of my invention are to provide strip l l is laid longitudinally along the lower edge
an improved form of roof that involves the novel of the roof and applied to the lower portion of
15 assembly of two or more strips, sheets or pieces the exposed face of this wide starter strip is a
of material of different widths, and which pieces
of material are arranged so as to produce the
desired amount of exposure of the assembled
pieces, as well as the desired degree of head-lap,
20 and which latter is, due to the arrangement of
the pieces of material, su?icient to effectively pre
vent water, dust and the like from being forced
by wind or otherwise upwardly between the over
lapping portions of the strips or pieces of material
T9(.71 that form the roof or siding.
My improved roof and method of laying same
provides for a material increase of the head-lap
coverage of roof covering strips, sheets and shin
gles, thus rendering the completed roof or siding
no weather-proof to a maximum degree, without
sacri?cing the appearance of the completed roof
or siding, and my improved method is compara
narrower starter strip I2, the lower edge of which 6
coincides with the lower edge of strip H. These
starter strips are secured to the roof boards by
nails and overlying the two starter strips is a
strip I3 of roo?ng material, preferably, though
not necessarily, of the same width as the starter “
strip H, and the lower edge of this ?rst roo?ng
sheet I3 coincides with the lower edges of the
starter strips II and I2.
A strip of roo?ng material I74 somewhat nar- “I
rower in width is now laid on the exposed face "
of the ?rst roo?ng strip IS with the lower edge of
said strip l4 spaced apart from and parallel with
the lower edge of the underlying wider strip l3.
A second wide roo?ng sheet l3a that is approx- ,
imately equal in width to that of the strip !3 is
now laid with its lower portion overlying the upper
portion of the narrow strip I4, and also overlying
tively simple and likewise comparatively inex
pensive.
, that portion of the sheet l3 between the upper
My improved principle of utilizing one wide
sheet of material or shingle and a narrower sheet
or shingle produces a multiple thickness roof that
has much greater weatherproof effectiveness and
is no more expensive in application than other
types of multiple thickness roofs or siding.
With the foregoing and other objects in view
my invention consists in certain novel features
of construction and arrangements of parts that
will be hereinafter more fully described and
claimed and illustrated in the accompanying
drawing, in which:
Fig- 1 is an elevational view‘ of a portion of a
roof formed of strips or sheets of material in ac
cordance with my‘ improved method.
50
Fig. 2 is a cross section taken on the line 2—-2
of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an elevational view of a portion of a
roof constructed in accordance with my improved
method from shingles of different widths.
55
Fig. 4 is a sectional perspective view of a modi
edge thereof and the upper edge of the narrow '
strip I 4.
A second narrow strip of roo?ng material l4a
approximately equal in width to the width of
strip 14 is now laid on‘the strip 13a between its
upper and lower edges, and a third wide strip
I31) is now laid with its lower portion overlying
the upper portion of the narrow strip Ma, and
the wide strip I3a. This alternate laying of wide
and narrow strips continues to the ridge of the
roof or to the upper end of the wall that is being
covered and thus the entire structure comprises a
plurality of wide strips and a plurality of narrow
strips, the latter being laid on the wider strips
with the upper and lower edges of the narrow
strips, spaced apart respectively, from the upper U.
and lower edges of the wide strips.
The exposed faces of the wide and narrow
strips, and which are preferably uniform in width,
constitute the “exposure” of the roof, and the
~ upper portions of the strips or those portions
2,129,288
2
above the exposure are generally termed the
“head-lap”.
It will be understood that, as the wide and
narrow strips are alternately laid in parallel re
lation, as described, said strips are secured to
the roof boards by nails, and which latter are
positioned so that their heads are covered by
overlying portions of the strips.
Inasmuch as the narrow strips l4 and Ma are
10 applied to the wider strips between their upper
and lower edges, and the. lower portion of the
succeeding wide strips overlies the upper portion
of one of the narrow strips, the upper portion
of each wide strip has a head-lap of substantial
15 width formed by two layers of material, and which
In addition to the particular methods of laying
a roof or siding as herein illustrated and de
scribed, it will be understood that my invention
contemplates any arrangement of relatively wide
and narrow strips of roo?ng material or shingles
that are arranged alternately or semi-alternately
with the narrower strips overlying the intermedi
ate and upper portions of the wider strips and
all of the strips being spaced so as to provide
the desired width of exposure between the strips 10
or shingles and likewise to provide sufficient head
lap between the overlapping portions of the wide
and narrow strips or shingles and thus producing
a roof or sheathing that is highly e?ective in re
sisting the ingress of water, dust and the like, and 15
head-lap is essentialy e?ective in providing a
at the same time producing a roo?ng or shingle
weatherproof joint.
that presents a neat and pleasing appearance.
It will be understood that minor changes in
the size, form and construction of the various
parts of my improved roof may be made and sub
In Fig. 3 I have illustrated a roof structure in
accordance with my improved method and the
20 covering elements being in the form of composi
tion shingles. In this connection it will be un
derstood that my invention contemplates the
construction of a roof or siding from shingles
or small sheets or pieces of thin material, either
25 rigid or ?exible, and of any desired size and
shape.
In the construction illustrated in Fig. 3, rows of
stituted for those herein shown and described
without departing from'the spirit of the inven
tion, the scope of which is set forth in the ap
pended claims.
I claim as my invention:
1. A roof or siding composed of two sets of
separately formed alternately arranged strips of
30 sheet material I6, the latter being laid on the
roo?ng material the strips of one set being sub
stantially narrower than the strips of the other
set, the narrower strips or shingles extending 30
lengthwise of the wider strips or shingles on the
upper portions of the upper surfaces thereof,
with the lower edges of the narrow strips disposed
In this form of roof or siding the wide and
35 narrow starter strips I I and I2 are utilized along
a substantial distance above and parallel with
the lower edges of the underlying wider strips or
wide shingles or sheets of material 15 are com
bined with rows of narrow shingles or pieces of
wider shingles l5 with their upper and lower
edges spaced apart from the upper and lower
edges of said wider sheets or shngles.
the lower edges of the roof or along the bottom
of the wall to which the siding is applied.
In Fig. 4 I have illustrated a roof or siding that
comprises a series of wide strips or shingles l1
40 and arranged between each pair of these wide
strips or shingles is a pair of narrower strips or
shingles l8.
7
-
Where this form of roof or sheathing is laid,
shingles to provide exposure, the upper edges of
the narrower strips being disposed below and par
allel with the upper edges of the underlying wider
strips to provide a head-lap of su?icient width
and the lower portions of the wider strips of
material or shingles overlying and directly con
tacting the upper portions of the upper surfaces
of the underlying narrow strips or shingles and
one of the narrow strips or shingles l8 overlies
those portions of the underlying wide strips that
45 the intermediate portion of the underlying wide
project above the upper edges of the narrow
strip, with the lower edge of the narrow strip or
strips.
shingle spaced apart from the lower edge of the
underlying strip or shingle to provide the desired
2. A roof or siding composed of two sets of
separately formed strips of roo?ng material or
shingles, the members of one set being substan
tially narrower in width than the members of
the other set, one of the narrower strips being
50
exposures and a second narrow strip [8 is now
laid over the upper portion of the ?rst laid nar
row strip or shingle with the lower edge of the
second laid strip or shingle spaced apart from the
lower edge of the ?rst laid strip or shingle to pro
vide the necessary exposure.
55
The second wide strip or shingle is now laid so
that its lower portion overlies the upper portion
of the second laid narrow strip or shingle and
with the lower edge of the second wide strip or
shingle spaced apart from the lower edge of the
60 second laid narrow strip or shingle to produce the
proper width of exposure.
-
This particular arrangement of forming a roof
or siding is utilized where there is a considerable
variance or difference in width between the wide
65 and narrow strips, for instance, with a strip of
material or shingle having a width of twenty
inches the narrow strips or shingles would have a
width of only ten to twelve inches.
positioned on the upper face of one of the wider
strips, so that the upper edge of said narrower
strip is disposed below and parallel with the upper
edge of the underlying wider strip, with the lower
edge of the narrower strip disposed a pre-de
termined distance above and parallel with the
underlying wider strip to provide the desired ex
posure, and the lower portion of each wider strip
overlying and in direct contact with the upper
portion of the underlying narrow strip, and also
in direct contact with the upper surface of that
portion of the underlying wide strip above the
upper edge of the narrow strip to produce head
lap of substantial width between the lower portion
of each wide strip and the upper portions of the
underlying narrow and wide strips.
EARL R. SI-IAT'I'UCK.
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
370 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа