Патент USA US2129288код для вставки
Sept. 6, 1938. E. R. SHATTUCK 2,129,288 ROOF Filed Dec. 7, 1956 W I/EA/TO/Q ,17 3Y. /E77/€4 B. J/?’ 7706K 5/ if?“ Patented Sept. 6, 1938 2,129,288 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIcE 2,129,288 ROOF Earl R. Shattuck, Southgate, Cali?, assignor of one-half to W. L. Venton, Los Angeles, Calif. Application December 7, 1936, Serial No. 114,596 2 Claims. (Cl. 108-7) My invention relates to roofs, and has for its ?ed form of roof constructed in accordance with principal object the provision of a relatively sim my improved method. ple and easily practiced method of constructing a Referring by numerals to the accompanying weather-proof roof from thin sheets of material, drawing, ID designates the roof boards of a roof 5 either flexible or rigid, and which material may having a pitch of approximately 45°, but it will be in the form of rolls, or of plain or designed be understood that my improved method contem sheets or shingles. plates the construction of a roof covering on roofs A further object of my invention is to provide of different inclinations and on the outer surfaces an improved method of assembling two or more of vertically disposed walls and the like. 10 layers of thin material to form an ef?cient cov In producing the roof by my improved method ering or siding for the external surfaces of walls ‘from material such as composition roo?ng, and hi and the like. which is delivered to the user in rolls, a starting Further objects of my invention are to provide strip l l is laid longitudinally along the lower edge an improved form of roof that involves the novel of the roof and applied to the lower portion of 15 assembly of two or more strips, sheets or pieces the exposed face of this wide starter strip is a of material of different widths, and which pieces of material are arranged so as to produce the desired amount of exposure of the assembled pieces, as well as the desired degree of head-lap, 20 and which latter is, due to the arrangement of the pieces of material, su?icient to effectively pre vent water, dust and the like from being forced by wind or otherwise upwardly between the over lapping portions of the strips or pieces of material T9(.71 that form the roof or siding. My improved roof and method of laying same provides for a material increase of the head-lap coverage of roof covering strips, sheets and shin gles, thus rendering the completed roof or siding no weather-proof to a maximum degree, without sacri?cing the appearance of the completed roof or siding, and my improved method is compara narrower starter strip I2, the lower edge of which 6 coincides with the lower edge of strip H. These starter strips are secured to the roof boards by nails and overlying the two starter strips is a strip I3 of roo?ng material, preferably, though not necessarily, of the same width as the starter “ strip H, and the lower edge of this ?rst roo?ng sheet I3 coincides with the lower edges of the starter strips II and I2. A strip of roo?ng material I74 somewhat nar- “I rower in width is now laid on the exposed face " of the ?rst roo?ng strip IS with the lower edge of said strip l4 spaced apart from and parallel with the lower edge of the underlying wider strip l3. A second wide roo?ng sheet l3a that is approx- , imately equal in width to that of the strip !3 is now laid with its lower portion overlying the upper portion of the narrow strip I4, and also overlying tively simple and likewise comparatively inex pensive. , that portion of the sheet l3 between the upper My improved principle of utilizing one wide sheet of material or shingle and a narrower sheet or shingle produces a multiple thickness roof that has much greater weatherproof effectiveness and is no more expensive in application than other types of multiple thickness roofs or siding. With the foregoing and other objects in view my invention consists in certain novel features of construction and arrangements of parts that will be hereinafter more fully described and claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which: Fig- 1 is an elevational view‘ of a portion of a roof formed of strips or sheets of material in ac cordance with my‘ improved method. 50 Fig. 2 is a cross section taken on the line 2—-2 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is an elevational view of a portion of a roof constructed in accordance with my improved method from shingles of different widths. 55 Fig. 4 is a sectional perspective view of a modi edge thereof and the upper edge of the narrow ' strip I 4. A second narrow strip of roo?ng material l4a approximately equal in width to the width of strip 14 is now laid on‘the strip 13a between its upper and lower edges, and a third wide strip I31) is now laid with its lower portion overlying the upper portion of the narrow strip Ma, and the wide strip I3a. This alternate laying of wide and narrow strips continues to the ridge of the roof or to the upper end of the wall that is being covered and thus the entire structure comprises a plurality of wide strips and a plurality of narrow strips, the latter being laid on the wider strips with the upper and lower edges of the narrow strips, spaced apart respectively, from the upper U. and lower edges of the wide strips. The exposed faces of the wide and narrow strips, and which are preferably uniform in width, constitute the “exposure” of the roof, and the ~ upper portions of the strips or those portions 2,129,288 2 above the exposure are generally termed the “head-lap”. It will be understood that, as the wide and narrow strips are alternately laid in parallel re lation, as described, said strips are secured to the roof boards by nails, and which latter are positioned so that their heads are covered by overlying portions of the strips. Inasmuch as the narrow strips l4 and Ma are 10 applied to the wider strips between their upper and lower edges, and the. lower portion of the succeeding wide strips overlies the upper portion of one of the narrow strips, the upper portion of each wide strip has a head-lap of substantial 15 width formed by two layers of material, and which In addition to the particular methods of laying a roof or siding as herein illustrated and de scribed, it will be understood that my invention contemplates any arrangement of relatively wide and narrow strips of roo?ng material or shingles that are arranged alternately or semi-alternately with the narrower strips overlying the intermedi ate and upper portions of the wider strips and all of the strips being spaced so as to provide the desired width of exposure between the strips 10 or shingles and likewise to provide sufficient head lap between the overlapping portions of the wide and narrow strips or shingles and thus producing a roof or sheathing that is highly e?ective in re sisting the ingress of water, dust and the like, and 15 head-lap is essentialy e?ective in providing a at the same time producing a roo?ng or shingle weatherproof joint. that presents a neat and pleasing appearance. It will be understood that minor changes in the size, form and construction of the various parts of my improved roof may be made and sub In Fig. 3 I have illustrated a roof structure in accordance with my improved method and the 20 covering elements being in the form of composi tion shingles. In this connection it will be un derstood that my invention contemplates the construction of a roof or siding from shingles or small sheets or pieces of thin material, either 25 rigid or ?exible, and of any desired size and shape. In the construction illustrated in Fig. 3, rows of stituted for those herein shown and described without departing from'the spirit of the inven tion, the scope of which is set forth in the ap pended claims. I claim as my invention: 1. A roof or siding composed of two sets of separately formed alternately arranged strips of 30 sheet material I6, the latter being laid on the roo?ng material the strips of one set being sub stantially narrower than the strips of the other set, the narrower strips or shingles extending 30 lengthwise of the wider strips or shingles on the upper portions of the upper surfaces thereof, with the lower edges of the narrow strips disposed In this form of roof or siding the wide and 35 narrow starter strips I I and I2 are utilized along a substantial distance above and parallel with the lower edges of the underlying wider strips or wide shingles or sheets of material 15 are com bined with rows of narrow shingles or pieces of wider shingles l5 with their upper and lower edges spaced apart from the upper and lower edges of said wider sheets or shngles. the lower edges of the roof or along the bottom of the wall to which the siding is applied. In Fig. 4 I have illustrated a roof or siding that comprises a series of wide strips or shingles l1 40 and arranged between each pair of these wide strips or shingles is a pair of narrower strips or shingles l8. 7 - Where this form of roof or sheathing is laid, shingles to provide exposure, the upper edges of the narrower strips being disposed below and par allel with the upper edges of the underlying wider strips to provide a head-lap of su?icient width and the lower portions of the wider strips of material or shingles overlying and directly con tacting the upper portions of the upper surfaces of the underlying narrow strips or shingles and one of the narrow strips or shingles l8 overlies those portions of the underlying wide strips that 45 the intermediate portion of the underlying wide project above the upper edges of the narrow strip, with the lower edge of the narrow strip or strips. shingle spaced apart from the lower edge of the underlying strip or shingle to provide the desired 2. A roof or siding composed of two sets of separately formed strips of roo?ng material or shingles, the members of one set being substan tially narrower in width than the members of the other set, one of the narrower strips being 50 exposures and a second narrow strip [8 is now laid over the upper portion of the ?rst laid nar row strip or shingle with the lower edge of the second laid strip or shingle spaced apart from the lower edge of the ?rst laid strip or shingle to pro vide the necessary exposure. 55 The second wide strip or shingle is now laid so that its lower portion overlies the upper portion of the second laid narrow strip or shingle and with the lower edge of the second wide strip or shingle spaced apart from the lower edge of the 60 second laid narrow strip or shingle to produce the proper width of exposure. - This particular arrangement of forming a roof or siding is utilized where there is a considerable variance or difference in width between the wide 65 and narrow strips, for instance, with a strip of material or shingle having a width of twenty inches the narrow strips or shingles would have a width of only ten to twelve inches. positioned on the upper face of one of the wider strips, so that the upper edge of said narrower strip is disposed below and parallel with the upper edge of the underlying wider strip, with the lower edge of the narrower strip disposed a pre-de termined distance above and parallel with the underlying wider strip to provide the desired ex posure, and the lower portion of each wider strip overlying and in direct contact with the upper portion of the underlying narrow strip, and also in direct contact with the upper surface of that portion of the underlying wide strip above the upper edge of the narrow strip to produce head lap of substantial width between the lower portion of each wide strip and the upper portions of the underlying narrow and wide strips. EARL R. SI-IAT'I'UCK.