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Патент USA US2129386

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Sept. 6, 1938.
J; v. séHAFl-:R
_FISHING REEL
Filed Fçb. 4, 1955
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J 011,11 U. Schafer
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Sept. 6, 1938.
J. v.. sc'HAFER
`FISHING4 REEL
2,129,385 '
Filed' Feb. 4, 1955
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'Filed Feb. 4, 1935
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Sept. l6, 1938.
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Filed Feb. 4, 1955
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`l/’atented Sept. 6,' 1938- l d "
UNITED 'STATES ¥ ‘PATENT oFFlcE
2,128,386
V
FISHING naar.
_
,
_ John- V. Schafenßronson, Mich., assigner to
Bronson Reel Company,
corporation of'Mlchigan
Bronson,
Mich.,
a
.
Application February d, 1935, Serial No. 4,731
‘
zt claims.
(ci. zie-sis)
My invention relates to iishing reels and in
cludes among .its objects and advantages in
creased positiveness and reliability in connecting
and disconnecting the spool with a driving trans
5 mission therefor, more reliable application of
braking force by reason of special clutch means
'and better external lubrication for the clutch,
andsimpler assembly and replacement of the
’
pawl means cooperating with the clutch.
- 10
In theV accompanying drawings:
Figure 1 is a sectional view of a reel according
to the invention;
1
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,
Figure 2 is a-section- on line 2-2 of Figure 1;
c Figure 3 is a section of the clutch-actuating
~ 15 mechanism indicating an alternative arrange-
ment for actuating the clutch;
Figure 4 is a section through the friction clutch;
Figure 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of
the clutch-engaging portion of the spool shaft;
20
Figure 6 is a perspective view of the clutch
vactuating lever;
Figure 7 is a section similar to Figure 3 indi
cating another alternative actuating mechanism;
Figure 'la is a detail section on line 'ia-'ia of
25 Figure ‘1;
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Figure 13 is a section of a. simplified friction
y
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A
ment by a retaining screw 36, and the handle 5
clamping nut 38 is in the form of a bonnet, hous
ing and protecting the retaining screw 36.' The
pawl d0 (see Figure 2) is resiliently pressed by
the spring ¿it into engagement with ratchet teeth
dt on the periphery of the flange or ratchet wheel n@
t6 at the butt of the shaft 28, and operates to
Vprevent rotation of. the shaft except in the direc
tion oi’ reeling in. The pawl mi is removably
slipped in place on the pawl stud ti (see Figures
‘
14 and 15), carried vby the bridge 3h. The spring w
¿l2 is permanently'assembled on the bridge 311 by
a fastening screw til, but the screw ¿l5 is not re
quired to function as the sole support and guid
ance for'the spring. An intermediate portion
of the spring encircles the adjacent bolt 32. 20
When the bridge is fastened in place, the‘head
plate @i includes a portion ¿it (Figure 15) whichV
holds the pawl against slipping off the stud, and
the screw ¿i5 against workingloose.
Drag
Figure i2 is an enlarged detail indicating the
clearances available in shifting such a clutch;
35 mechanism;
I»
shaft it. The shaft 28 is held against axial move-
’
Figure 8 is a sectional view of a blank from
which the drive pinion of Figure 1 is to-he formed;
Figures 9 and 10 are similar views of successive
stages in the manufacture of the clutch;
30
Figure l1 is a side elevation` of the
ed
clutch;
.
shaft 2t. The bridge 3@ isfastened byvbolts 32
(see Figure 2) to the head plate, and carries the
stud M which forms _the supporting pintle for the
' '
A
25
The drive from the shaft 28 to the-spool shaft
iii is through the gear t8 and pinion 50. Between
the gear t8 and the shaft 28 I provide adjustable
friction means tending to force the gear and 30
shaft to rotate together. The web of the gear ¿18
is chambered at 52 to receive a Afriction washer
54 lying between the gear web and the flange 46.
The bottom of the chamber 52 is made irregular
as by 4striking with a center punch to form surface 35
irregularities indicated at 56. This insures that
the friction surface will be that between the
Figure 15 is a section on line IB-iñ of Fig Í washer 5t andthe flange 46.
In the opposite side of the web is formed a
ure 14;
deeper annular chamber at 58. Inside this cham 40
' 40
Figure 16 is an end view of the closure nut;
Figure l-i is a section on line ll-Il of Fig
’
ure
13;
~
’
Figures 17 land 18 are sections on line |1-I1 ' ber are nested-first, a leather washerslìß; second,
of rieure 16, showing the parts m different posi
tions;
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Figures 19 -and 20 are fragmentary sections
45 similar' to .Figure 13 showing alternative spring
arrangements; and
>
'
- Figure 21 is a planl view of the pinion of Fig
a metal washer, 62; third, another leather washer
6I; and fourth, a keyed metal washerl 66. The
washer 66 has‘radial lugs projecting inwardly at
88 to enter notches at 10 in the hub of the gear
48, and this compels the washer 66 to rotate with
the -gear I8.
Above the washer 66 I position a
leather friction washer 12 which may be vcorn
In the embodiment of the invention selected pressed between the washer 66, which turns with
50 for illustration in Figure 1,A the spoolshaft I0 5 the gear 48, and the washer 14 which abuts the 5()
`
carries the rigidly assembled sleeve .I 2 and flanges» vflat sides 16 on the shaft 28 and turns with the
.
I4 and-is journaled at its ends in bearings I6 and shaft.
To generate the thrust for such- compression
I8 in the tail plate 20 and headplate 22, respec
tively. The crank 24 is clamped against rotation Iemploy a sleeve 18, axially slidable but not ro- .
55 on a polygonal portion 26 of the tubular drive tatable on the shaft 28. The sleeve 18 may be 55
ure
1l.
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Y
2 »
_
clamped down to-compress the parts between the
gear 48 'and its ilange 8l by means of the usual
star wheel 82 bearing against the outer end of
the sleeve.
s
‘
To make thev application of force by the star
wheel so gradual that the user 4can control it
>with nicety,l I interpo'se spring means between
the flange 80 and the washer 14. In Figure 4
I have illustrated a conical spring washer 84
of spring metal with its outer edge bearing
against the washer-314. Between the flange 88
to Figure l0, the pocket |82 contains two clutch
segments |08 having front faces of full height
at |84 and rear faces approximately half as high
at I I8. The inclined end surface of the segment
|88 Ais shown at. |08 in Figures 9 and 10. This
inclined endsurface rides on the adjacent abut
ting portion of the shoulder 84 of Figure 5 and
lets the gear move half way in before the full
height front face |04 strikes the milled surface
88 of Figure 5.
‘
-
The mechanism I have illustrated for shifting
and the spring 84 I interpose a' much more flex'- ' the _drive pinion into and out of clutching engage
ible spring 88 in the form of the ordinary split ment comprises an actuating lever |08 floating
spring, or lock, washer.l When the ‘sleeve is on a shaft ||0 journaled in the head plate 22. pressed down enough to ilex the spring 84, the The shaft ||0 is provided with external actuating
spring 88 is nattened out completely, but back
ingo!! `the -sleeve to relieve spring 84 >brings
spring 88 into action. Thus two distinctly differ
ent ranges of` sensitivity are provided.
20
-The washers nested between thewasher 88 and
the gear web do not operate as friction washers,
but form a cushion to render less abruptthe
-seizure of the- friction washers when the star
>wheel is actuated, especially under heavy load.
As the parts areÍkept well> oiled, it is probable
that this action results partly from the compres.
‘sibility of the 'leather washers themselves. and
10
means in the form ofan arm || 2 carrying an
actuating handle ||4 and engaging a i'lat por,
tion at ||8 on the shaft i|0 and fastened in place
by retaining screw ||8. The free end of the op-g
erating lever |08~lies between shoulders |20 on
the headplaœ and has depending ears |22 to in
sure continued engagement with the shoulders
throughout the range of movement cf the lever
um.
,
’
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_
.
'Ihe end of the lever terminates in toes |24
entering a peripheral _groovelat |28 in the drive
pinion.
i
' partly> from theinilltration by capillary action
The lever |08 is apertured to receive the shaft
l of illms of >oil between the washers when they - ||0 with clearance to permit tipping of the lever.
are not under a compression load-which illrns of and is biased toward the position- of clutching
oil work out only graduallywhen the load is put engagement by a'coiled spring |28 having coils ‘
on.- I ilnd that during a rapid run- by a fish.- the of decreasing diameter. The final coil of the
_effective friction in- such a clutch tends to de _spring |28 is brought out radially in an arm |88
crease somewhat, a_nd to that extent the load
underlying the lever remote from the shaft | l0
sensitive set o'f_`washcrs 8.0. 82, 84. compensates
for the decrease in the diameter of the mass ofl
line wound on the spool.
-
In the simplifica construction c: sicure 1s. Athe
washers ‘80, 822 84, and 88 'are simply omitted
and the friction washer 12 is laid directly Meinst
the web of the- gear. In Figure 19 an .additional
,
to press its free end away fronrthe head 22.
.
Rigid with theA shaft ||0 is an actuating cam
in the form ofa plate |8| having a fiat portion
adapted to hold the lever in the position of Figure '
1 and acamming portion |82 adapted to ride up
over a button |24 on the adjacent surface of the
lever |08 and press the lever down. In the` em
vspring washer 88 is laid between] . bodiment of Figure l, the button |84 is formed by
spring 88 and spring 84. /In this construction> striking up the metal of which the lever |08 is
the first stage is up to the flattening of spring made. and the opposite side of the‘ same protuber
88, the second stage is until the spring 84 is about y.ance is a concavity positioned to receive the end
half flat and further force begins to `flatten spring |20 of the spring |28. The shaft ||0 is provided
conical sheet_
88 to. introduce a third stage.
-
with a flange |88 engaging the head 22 to hold t
In Figure 20 the smaller washer is‘a‘ñat one“ I the shaft against axial movement. Between the
and the'washer4 88 carries the loadin from the
inner edge of the spring 88 to the inner edge of
-spring |28 and the lever |08 I position a thin
washer |88 of fairly large diameter to form an
the spring 84.l In this‘embodiment, usin'g the
abutment for the-central portion of the 'spring
same parts as in Figure 19 except for subst1tut-' ,
ing the flat washer 80 for the conical one 88, sub- - ‘ In Figure 3 the shaft .|40 differs from shaft ||0
stantially lower forces are available with corre--. in having a large integral flange |42 at the bot
spondingly better control than in ,Figure 18, dur
tom of a flat pocket in the head plate |44. The
ing'the second stage.
'
same arm |3| is employedbut the lever |48 is
pressed away from the head plate by two springs,
Free
|28.
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a helicospiral spring |48 encircling the shaft |40
The drive> pinion 80 has a cylindrical bearing. and a smaller `helical spring |50 pressing against
at 82 on the spool shaft 'I0‘and is axially mov- A. the extending "reach of the arm. The contact
able from the position of Figure 1. with the spool button for the cam is a rivet |52 which also
free to rotate independent of the handle. to the
position of Figure 3. The shaft i0 has a shoul
der at 84 formedby reducing- the diameter of
the shaft, and this shoulder is milled away at
88 and on the opposite side at 88. The oppo
>sitely` extending ends of' the >shoulder 84 func
-guides the spring |80.
.
\
`In Figure 7 the shaft |84l is axially slidable but _
not rotatable inthe head |88 and is urged away I
from the head by two or more small helical
springs |88. Pins ill in guide holes |13 restrain 65
the~ shaft fromrotating (see Figure 7a). Ac
tion as clutch teeth to engage the female clutch s cordingly, it may carry a clutch shifting arm |80
parts formed in the pinion 80. Corresponding having a rigid mounting at |82 at the end of the
parts are formed >in thc drive pinion se except ' shaft |84. The actuating arm |84 encircles the
that the segmental portions |08 are relieved as f outer end of the shaft |54 which carries a pin 70
clearly indicated in Figures 9 and 10,' leaving the |88 projecting radially outward into a cam slot .
full face |04 of the jaw available for drivingf'in |88.’V In the position illustrated the clutch. pinion
the direction of reeling in. but lowering the end 80 is out of‘engagement with the clutch teeth 98.
ofthe jaw back of the advancingface. Referring but movement of the handle |10` toward the ob- u f
»,isasee
server will. move the slot |88
the pin |88 and
,3
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cation, ‘ readily adapt the -same for use ; under ,
various conditions of service.
permit the springs | 58 to throwL the clutch in.
I claim:
Pinion making
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In manufacturing the clutch pinion 58 I first
driii'and bevel- the corners _of a suitable lblank
|12, as clearly shown in Figure 8. This blank is
'
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' _1. In a fishing reel, in combination, a spooll
shaft, and a. drive pinion axiauy movable on- said
shaft: said shaft and pinion having-interengaging
clutch teeth for connecting'. and disconnecting the
then placed in a punch press and changed to the `
shape of Figure I9 in a single'operation. The
. male die forms the cylindrical `pocket at |82 and
pinion andshaft by axial movement ofthe pinion,
-saidciutch teeth having driving faces positioned' "
to. abut lfor driving the spool in the direction of
vthe segmental clutch jaws with full front faces at- . reeling in. said teeth having also surfaces for
|04 and half height rear facesat |88.A The axial abutment, certain of said axial abutment _
cylindrical portion >of this die is slightly larger ' surfaces being inclined to let the pinion move
than the original bore |_14 and makesthe‘enlarge
part way> in laxially before the parts> reach the
15 ment'shown at |18.' The next operationis to. " positionwhere said driving faces come into opera-_
enlarge the bore l|14 to a‘flnal diameter a trifle ' tive engagement. and means rendered operative
larger than the bore |18, as indicatedat I'Il in
I -Figure 10. Preferably in the same screw machine "
~` the butt pocket |88 is fashioned and the annular
>groove |28 with short `straight; sides at |82 and
longer inclined sides at |84.
_
by completion of _the inward axial movement’for
coupling the parts together'` completely.
l2. In a ilslnng reel, in combination, a spool, a
rigid frame rotatably supporting said' spool and
- including an end plate, a clutch member adjacent
.
A plurality of blanks finished as in Figure 10 . said end plate and movable parallel to the spool
‘ may now be assembled on a single shaft or arbor,
axis, and manual means for actuating said clutch
and the teeth on all of them c_ut at a single opera
member, said manual means including a clutch
tion to produce the finished' clutch gear of4 Figure ’ shifting lever fulcrumed at one end, and engaging
11.
Inv this gear there .will be burrs or small* ' the clutch at its other end, spring means pressing '
projections of metal torn by the teeth of thehob,
on said leverl intermediate its ends and tending to
move the clutch into engagement, and manually
enlarged scale in Figure 12, and it will be noted actuated cani means positioned «to engage said
that the prongs |24 _used to shift the clutch gear » lever- at substantially the same point as said spring
act against the shoulders |82, and in no position . means and move the 'clutch' out of engagement,
ï at |88 and also at |88. vThese are shown on an f
' do they come close enough to the burrs |86 Ito
said cam means includinga cam element, a rotat- y
necessitate any removal or polishing away of the able shaft carrying said element and journaled in
burrs. Similarly, it will be obviousin Figures 1. and extending through said end plate, and a
3, and 7, that the similar burrs at |88 lie where - handle on the externally projectingA end of said
they Awill never get in the' way of any other mov
ing part, and thereforeQneed not be removed. ,
-
40
shaft, said handle lying close against .said end
plate and moving parallel thereto, said rotatable '
shaft extending through oneend of said clutch
Uilina
Particularly to insurey maximum effectiveness
for the washers 80, 62, and 84, itis desirable to
keep the upper Apocket of the gear 48 well _lubri
» shifting lever with a loose iit, and constituting the
.ful'cx'um for said lever.
' 3. In a fishing reel, in combination, a spool, a
rigid frame rotatably supporting said spool and
including an end plate, a clutch member adjacent
Referring to Figures 13 and 16 .to 18, the nut 88 said end plate and movable parallel to the spool
is formed with an internal chamber at |88 covered axis, and manual means for actuating ,said clutch
45 by the web |92, having a central aperture |8|. A
vlmember, said manual means-including a clutch
cated.
'
'
shallow circular depression in the outer end face
Treceives the fixed plate- |84„_which is struck up to
house the slide |86 between itself and the web |82.
'I'he plate |94 is permanently fastened by swedg-_
shifting leverfulcrunied at one end, spring means
pressing on said lever and tending to move the
-clutch into engagement, and manually actuated
cam means positioned to engage said lever and
ing ine'the edges of the depression at E98.- The move the clutch out lof engagement,V said cam
slide |96 is apertured at 200, and the plate |98 >means including a cam element, 'a rotatable shaft
has a central aperture 202. ’The slide ,ißß‘carries carrying said element and journaled in and ex-'an upturned actuating finger 284 moving in a slot tending- through said end plate, and a handle onV
206 inthe plate |84. In Figure 17 the holes 288 _ the externally projecting end of said shaft,v said
55
and 202 are out of registerand oil will be re- \ handle lying close against said end plate and mov
tained. In Figure 18 the holesare inV register and ing parallel thereto, -said rotatable shaft extend
ing through one end of said clutch-shifting lever
oil may enter the chamber |88. y
To insure getting the oil pastthev piane of the with a loose ñt, and constituting the fulcrum for
so crank 24, I notch the upper end of shaft 28 atv
4. In a fishing reel, in combination', a spool, _a
208. This insures access to the crack between
I .50
"
said lever.
stud 34 and shaft 28, and capillary' action will
take the oil down to the parts requiring it. How
ever, to concentrate the delivery on the pocket
65
above washers 80, 82, and 84, I prefer to provide
a longitudinal groove 2li! in the stud 84, and
radial openings 2I2 in shaft 28, opening directly
i kinto the space around the spring 88. Referring to
Figure 1 it vwill be noted „that I have provided
70 both bearings I8 and i8 with oii receiving means
identical with that ,for nut _88.
`
u
Without further elaboration, the foregoing ywill
‘so fully explain .my invention that others may, by
applying- knowledge current at the time of appli
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t
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rigid frame rotatably supporting said spool and `
vincluding an end plate, a clutch member adjacent
said end plate> and movable parallel >to the spool
axis, and'manual means for actuating said clutch
member, said'manual -meansjincluding a clutch
.shifting lever fulcrumed at one end, spring means
kpressing on said lever’and tending to move the
‘clutch into engagement, and manually actuated
cam'meansv positioned to engage said lever and 70
move the clutch out of engagement.; said cam
means including a cam element, a rotatable shaft
carrying said element and journaled in and ex
tending through said‘end plate, and a handle on
tlœ externally projecting end ofsaid shaft, said-1g
2,129,880
. 4
rotatable shaft extending through one end of- said-
9. In a fishing reel, in combination, a bridge
1
clutch-shifting lever with a loose nt, and con-- member; a stud rigidly mounted on said bridge
stituting the fulcrum for said lever.
member; an annular drive shaft rotatably mount
" 5. In' a fishing reel, in combination: _ a `drive
ed on said stud; a ratchet wheel on the end of
shaft; a. gear rotatable on said drive shaft; fric ' said shaft adjacent said bridge; a pawl _stud onl
tion means acting 'between said shaft and said said bridge, a pawl >removably pivotedgon said
gear and tending to cause- said gear and shaft to stud and adapted to prevent rotation of said
turn together; and two different instrumentalities shaft in the direction- of reeling out; -and a bridge- '
affecting the amount of said friction; said instru-` supporting head having a recess shaped toreceive l
mentalities comprising a ilrst adjustable manual said pawl and restrain the butt of said pawl from v 10
' means for compressing said- friction :means to
aifect the amount of friction; and a second auto
'
slipping od its stud.
'
.
10; In a fishing reel, in combination, a bridge
matic load-sensitive means operating responsive' _ member; a stud rigidly mounted on said bridge
to relative. rotationI of said gear and said shaft, member; an annular drive shaft rotatably mount
for reducing saidhfriction cumulatively as relative edl on >said stud; a ratchet wheel on the end of 15
rotation occurs; both said instrumentalities oper
said shaft adjacent said bridge; a pawl-stud on
ating on said friction means at all times, whereby
said bridge;.a pawl removably'pivoted on said '
the effective action of said friction means repre
stud and adapted _ to prevent rotation. of said
shaft in the direction of reeling out; and a bridge
from either instrumentality operating alone; said ' support including a portion lying adjacent the
automatic load-sensitive means comprising an end of vsaid pawl stud and preventing said pawl
_sents the sum of the actions .that would _result
axially acting cushioning instrumentality. '
» from slipping off said stud.
6. In a ilshingreel, in combination: a drive
11. In a fishing reel, in combination, a bridge
shaft; »a gear rotatable on said drive shaft; fric- ' member; a stud rigidly mounted on said bridge
tion means acting between said shaft and said
gear and tending to _cause said gear and shaft to
member; an annular drive shaft rotatably mount
ed- on said stud; a ratchet vWheel on the end of
turntogether; ‘ and two different instrumentali
. said shaft adjacent said bridge; a pawl stud on'
ties affecting the amount of Vsaid friction; -said
instrumentalities comprising a first4 adjustable
manual means for compressing said friction
said bridge; a pawl removabl'y'pivoted «on said
stud and adapted to prevent’rotation of said
shaftin thel direction ofreelln‘g‘outifa drive gear
-above `said ratchet wheel; allow'er _annular fric
means to añect the amount of friction; and a
second automaticload-sensitive means operating
igspon'sive to relative rotation of said gear and
40
tion washer between said gear and said ratchet`
said shaft, for reducing said friction cumulatively
wheel; an- upper annular friction washer abovesaid gear; means rotating with said shaft and
as ‘relative rotation occurs; both said instrumen
including said ratchet wheel,`for- compressing said
talities operating on said friction means at all
times, whereby the effective action of said fric
tion means represents the sum of the actions that
washers to drive said _gear by friction, said means
including parts defining an open space above said
would result from either instrumentality operatò
passage for delivering oil primarily to said space,
subject to capillary see‘ e to both surfaces of 40
ing alone.
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7. In a fishing reel, in combination, a bridgemember; a stud ’rigidly mounted on said bridge
member; an annular drive shaft rotatably mount
ed on said stud; a ratchet wheel on the -end of said
45 shaft adjacent said bridge; a -pawl stud ony said~
bridge; a pawl removably pivoted on said stud and
adapted to prevent rotation of said- shaft in the
direction of reeling out; a spring to urge said
upper washer, said parts _ shaped to define an oil ‘
both washers.
'
_
_
_ 12. rn s mung reel, in combination, s snag@
member; a stud rigidly'mounted on said bridge
member; an annular drive shaft rotatably mount
ed on said stud; _a ratchet wheel on the end of
said shaft adjacent said bridge; a pawl stud on
said bridge; a pawl removably pivotedv on said
stud and adapted to prevantrotation of saidshaft
pawl into engagement with s_aid ratchet; a drive _ in the direction of reeling out; a -drive gear above
gear above said ratchet wheel» havingj‘a portion said ratchet wheel; a lower annular friction
overlying the end of said pawl; and asupporting _ washer between said gear and said ratchet wheel;
‘ head having a recess‘shaped to receive >said pawl an upper annular friction washer above said gear;
and restrain therbutt of said pawl fr‘omvslipping
03 its stud.
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_
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,
8. In a fishing reel,- in combination,- a bridge
55
` member; a studv rigidly mounted on said bridge
means rotating with saidshaft andincluding said
' ratchet. wheel, for compressing -said washers to '
drive said gear by friction or absorb energy when
slippage occurs, »said -means including parts
member; anl annular drive shaft rotatably mount
1 shaped to define ¿an oil’passageway for deliver- '
. ed on said stud; a ratchet wheel on the end of
ing externally applied oil chiefly toa point above
said shaft adjacent saidbridge: a pawl stud on
60 said bridge; a pawl -removably pivoted on Asaid
stud and adapted to prevent‘ rotation of said
shaft in the direction of reeling out; a spring
jectto capillary seepage to both surfaces of both
having -one end anchored to said bridle. and the
_other end positioned to urge said pawl into en
gagement with said ratchet. saidy bridge being
and adjacent to said upper annular washer, sub
washers.
"
'
`
‘
_13. In a fishing reel,fin combination: Áa bridge y
member; a stud rigidly mountedon _said bridge
member; an annular drive shaft rotatably mount
ed von _'said stud;- a> ratchet wheel on the end of
- apertured toreceive fastening means. said spring - said shaft adjacent said- bridge; a pawl stud on
_having an intermediate portion positioned adja
said bridge; a pawl removably pivoted on said' '
cent said aperture and adapted. to encircle .and
be guided by a fastening means> passing throlmh
_70 said aperture; a drive gear above said ratchet
wheel having a rim portion overlying the. end of
said pawl, anda web portion overlying said
Y ratchethwheel; and a supporting head having a
'as
recess
'stud and adapted to preventrotation of said shaft
in the direction of reeling out; a spring having
one end anchored to said bridge. and thel other
end positioned to urge said pawl into engagement 70
with said ratchet, said bridge being apertured to
receive fastening means, _said spring having an
to‘receive s‘ald pawl -and restrain' intermediate -portion positioned adjacent said
butt or said pawl rromsuppins on' its nud.
aperture and adapted to encircle and be guided
_
.
_
‘
_
.
_-
',
5.;
_ramasse
by a fastening means passing through said` aper- „ thrust-for rendering the gripping action of said .Y
friçtion'discs gradual; load-sensitive means de
ture; la drive gear above said ratchet wheel hav
ing a rim portion overlying the end of -said pawl,A pending on the presence of lubricant for opera
"ï and a web portion overlying said ratchet wheel; -tion,-.below said "thrust sleeve andvsubject tothe
a lower annular friction washer between said web thrust thereof, for reducing vthe elîective friction.
cumulatively as rotation continues; a crank fixed
and said‘ratchet wheel; an _upper annular fric
tion washer above said web; a'thrust sleeve above ~ on said shaft >above said adjustment means; a
said-upper annular friction washer; ‘a star‘wheel fastening nut clamping said crank in-plaoe; said
' threaded _on-'said shaft> for forcing said thrust" fastening nut having an oil receiving opening
-10 sleeve towardrsaid vfriction washers; relatively
stiff resilient‘means below said thrust sleeve -and '
_carrying the thrust, forjrendering the gripping
action of said friction discs gradual; load- sensi
tive means depending on the presence of lubri
cant for operation, below said thrust sleeve and
subject to the-thrust thereof, for lreducing the
therein, said _stud and shaft'> being- shaped-- to 10
define >oilpassageways permitting oil to flow past
saidcrank, down> inside said shaft, and radially
out adjacent said resilient means and said load
sensitive means, to lubricate the same.
'
'_ 16. In a fishing reel, in combination, a bridge 15
member; a stud rigidly mounted on said bridge
member; an annulardrive shaft' rotatably mount
tinues; relatively wealrfresilient means normally >ed on said stud;_, an annular flange on the end
entirely compressed by said thrust sleeve but of said shaft adjacent said bridge; a drive ïgear 20
having a web portion overlying said flange; a
'20 tending to expand and prevent looseness when
lower friction washer between said web and said
. effective friction cumulatively as lrotation con
said thrust sleeve is backed >away beyond the ex
pansion „limit of said relatively stid resilient
flange; an upper annular friction washer >above
in place, said fastening nut having an oil-re
ceiving opening thereinf, said stud and shaft being
means threaded on said shaft for forcing said 25
thrust- sleeve 'toward said `friction- washers; and
said web; a. thrust sleeve above said upper an
` means; a »crank fixed 'on said; shaft 'above said
. star wheel; a fastening nut clamping -said crankA , nular friction -washer; manual adjustment
I shaped to define oil passagewayspermitting oil
resilient means ,below said thrust sleeve and
to flow past said crank,- down inside said shaft,
carrying the thrusti’or rendering the gripping
and said load sensitlve'means, to lubricate the
lent meansv including a plurality fof? resilient
members of different stiffness arrangedto act
and radially out adjacent said resilient means -' action‘of .said friction ~discs gradual, said -resil
same.
'
‘
14. In a fishing reel, in` combination: ` a drive'
member; a stud rigidly mounted on said bridge
member; an annular drive shaft rotatably mount
ed on said stud; an annular ñange on the end of
successively as the sleeve is forced down.
`17. In a fishing reel, in combination, a bridge
member; a stud rigidly mounted on said bridge
member; an annular drive shaft rotatably mount
ed on said stud; an annular flange on the end
said -shaft adjacent said bridge; a drive gear hav
ing a web overlying said flange; a lower annular of said shaft adjacent said bridge; a drive gear
friction washer between said web and said flange; having a Web portion overlying said flange; a
an upper annular friction washer above said web; _ lower friction Washer _between said webfand said
a thrust sleeve'above _said upper annular friction flange: an upper annular friction washer above 40
washer; manual adjustment means on said shaft said web; a thrust sleeve above said upper an
, for forcing said _thrust sleeve toward said friction `nular friction washer; manual adjustment means _,
washers; relatively stiff `resilient means below said >threaded on said shaft for forcing said thrust
i thrust sleeve and’carrying the thrust for render y sleeve toward said friction washers; and resilient ` l
ing the gripping action of ' said friction discs means below said thrust sleeve and carrying the
gradual; load-sensitive means depending on the thrust for renderingthe gripping action of said
presence of lubricant for operation, belowsald friction discs gradual, said resilient means in
thrust sleeve and subject to the thrust thereof, cluding three resilient members of different de
vfor reducing the effective friction cumulativelyl grees of stiüness'arranged to act successively as
sleeve is forced down..
A
‘
as rotation continues; relatively weak Vresilient the
i 18. ln a fishing reel, in combnation, a bridge
means normally entirely compressed by> said
thrust sleeve but tending to expandf'and prevent member; a stud rigidly mounted on said-.bridge
an annular drive shaft rotatably mount- "l
_looseness when-:said thrust sleeve isibacked away ' member;
Àbeyond the expansion limit of said relatively still' ed on said stud;- an annular flange on the end of
shaft adjacent said bridge; a `drive gear
resilient means; a crank fixed on said shaftabove said
having
a web portion overlying said-flange; a
said adjustment mea-ns, a fastening nutvclamping
said crank in place, said fastening nut having an lower friction -washer between said web and said
-oil-receiving'opening therein, said stud and shaft lflange; ari-.upper annular friction washer'above
' being shaped to define oil passageways permitting
said web; a lthrust sleeve above said upper an
oil to flow past said crank, down inside vsaid shaft,A A nular friction washer; manual adjustment means 60
and radially out adjacent said resilient means and threaded on said shaft for forcing said thrust
» said load-sensitive means, to lubric'ate thesame. sleeve toward said friction washers; and resilient
'15. In a fishing reel, incombinatlon, a -bridge :means> below saidv thrust sleeve and‘carrying the
member; a stud rigidlymounted on said bridge thrust for rendering the gripping action of. said
member; an' annular drive shaft rotatably Vmoun‘t- ‘ friction discs graduaLsaid resilient means includ
ed on said stud; an annular flange onthe end ^ ing a large conical washer, and a smaller fiat.
-of said shaft-adjacent 4said bridge; ‘a 4drive gear washer concentric l.therewith and- transmitting
`
l _
-having a web portion „overlying said flange; a >sleeve thrust thereto.
19. In a fishing reel, in combination, a bridge
lower'annular friction washer-between said Vweb member;
a stud rigidly mounted on said bridge
70 and said ñange; an‘upper annular friction wash
member; an annular drive shaft rotatably mount- ,
er above said web; a .thrustjsleeve above said ed on said stud; an annular flange on the end of
upper annular friction washer; manual adjust
'ement means on said shaft for forcing said thrust ’ said shaft adjacent said bridge ; a drive gear
sleeve toward said friction washers; resilient Ahaving a web- portion overlying said flange; a f
76 means below said thrust sleeve and carrying the
l
lower friction washer between said web and’ said 75
6
:,is'asss
flange; an upper annular friction washer above>
said web; a thrust sleeve above said upper an
a spool; a frame supporting said crank and spool:
nular friction washer; manual adjustment means
connecting said crank and spool; manual loading
a .transmission including friction drive means
threaded on said shaft forforcing said thrust means for imposing a load‘on said friction drive
_sleeve toward said frictionwashers; and resilient l means; _and resilient means forming partA of said
means below said thrust sleeve and carrying the manual loading means and conveying the load to
thrust for rendering the gripping action of said said friction drive means; said resilient means
friction discs gradual, said resilient means in»V including a plurality of resilient members of dif
cluding a large conical washer, land-a. smaller - ferent stiffness arranged in series, whereby said
'
conical washer overlying and -reinfox‘cing'iîhe in-_ >resilient members act successively as the load is „i
increased.
\
.
20. In a fishing reel, in combination: a crank; l'
ner portion of the large washer.
.
y
,
v
JOHN im
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