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Патент USA US2129393

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Sept. 6, 1938-
J. H. WCOLHISER
2,129,393
KNITTING DEVICE AND PROCESS OF KNITTING
Filed May 25, 1936
49
M,‘\
1
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INVENTOR.
.BY £7 gg/g/m b
'
M'ATTORNEY.
Patented Sept. 6, 1938
2,129,393
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,129,393
KNITTING DEVICE AND‘ PROCESS OF
KNITTING
.
Jay H. Woolhiser, Elmhurst, N. Y. '
Application May 25, 1936, Serial No. ‘81,569
(011 66—79)
6 Claims.
‘My invention relates to a hand knitting device
and has for its object to provide an improved
device commonly known as a knitting spool as will .
appear from the following description taken in
upright rods 2|.
5 connection with the accompanying drawing form
ing a part of this speci?cation and .of which:
Fig. 1 isv a perspective view of a'device embody
ing my invention;
Fig. 2 is a detail view of a portion of the device
10. shown in Fig. 1; and
‘
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a modi?ed por
tion of the device.
‘
Referring to the drawing, a. knitting spool is
constructed of a cylinder I0, which ‘may be re
15 ferred to as a body tube, a sleeve II having
mounted thereon a plurality of latch type knit
ting needles I2, and a pair of yarn carriers or
guides I3 and I4 which are secured at their lower
ends to the body tube ID. The needles I2 are
20 of a well-known type comprising a shank I5, a
hook I6 at one end of the shank, and a latch
II which is pivoted at one end in a slot in the
shank I5 just below the hook I6.v The latch I‘I
normally drops downwardly by gravity to the
25 position shown in Fig. 1. When the latch I17 is
carried upwardly, it guards the hook I6 as shown
in Fig. 2. The sleeve II is of a slightly larger
internal diameter than the external diameter of
the body tube I0 so that the sleeve II may slide
30 and turn with respect to the body tube. Four
latch needles I2 are secured symmetrically on
the sleeve I I with their hook ends projecting up
wardly. The sleeve I I is placed on the body tube
II] with the hook ends of the needles toward
35 the upper end of the body tube. On the body
tube III are secured the lower ends of the pair
of diametrically opposite yarn carriers or guide
members I3 and I4. The upper ends of the
guide members I3 and I4 extend above the upper
40 end of the body tube I0 and each is formed with
a slot I8 in the upper end. I prefer to form the
parts of this device of metal and secure the parts
together by welding or soldering.
However, it
will be understood that any suitable material may
45 be used as desired for the several parts. The
latch needles I2 are a standard article of manu
facture for use in knitting machines and are
made of hardened steel.
In Fig. 3 is shown a body tube of open-work
50 structure formed by an upper ring 26 and a lower
ring 2| connected by upright rods I9. The yarn
carriers 22 and 23 are each formed by a length
of stiff wire. The lower end of each length of
wire is welded to an upright rod 2I, and the up
55 per end of each wire is formed into a loop 24 to
hold and vguide the yarn. A needle sleeve as de
scribed in connection with Fig. 1 may be placed
over the upper end of this modi?ed body tube
Where it may be turned and reciprocated on the
(a) .
It will be understood that any number of nee
dles I2 and any number of yarn carriers I3 and
I4 may be provided. I have illustrated a device
using four needles and two yarn carriers which
is most convenient for ordinary purposes. With
this device, knitting may be done with either one
or two yarns. If it is desired to use only one
yarn, the end of the yarn is dropped through the
center of the body tube from top to bottom so that
it projects from the lower end. With the needle
sleeve II near the upper end ofthe body tube
III, the yarn is looped successively around the
needles I2 and then placed in the slot I 8 of one
of the yarn carriers I3 or I4. It is preferable,
however, to use two yarns; both of the same
color for solid color work, or of different colors
for‘ interwoven color work. Two yarns 1-1"
are knotted together several inches from their
ends 6—~6’ to- form a knot 4, as shown in Fig. 1.
The yarn ends‘B-B’ are dropped downwardly
through the body tube I!) so the knot 4 is at the
upper end of the body tube and the ends 6-6’
dangle from the lower end of the body tube. The
body tube II] is grasped in one hand with the
thumb holding the needle sleeve II at the upper
end of the body tube. The end of one yarn just
below the knot 4 is looped at 5 around one needle,
and the end of the other yarn is looped at 5'
around the diagonally opposite needle. Each
yarn ‘I—‘I’ above the knot 4 is placed in a slot 35
of one of the yarn guides I3 and M.
Knitting now proceeds by revolving the needle
sleeve I I one-half turn. This causes each yarn
to engage two of the needles I2 above the open
latches II. The sleeve II is now drawn down 40
wardly on the body tube I0 untilthe hooks I6 of
the needles I2 are drawn below the upper edge
of the body tube I0. As the needles I2 move
downwardly, the loops or stitches on the shanks
I5 of the needles engage the under sides of the
latches I'I, causing these latches to move up
wardly and guard the hooks I6. At the same
time, the yarn which was engaged above the
latches I'I becomes engaged beneath the hooks
I6, as illustrated in Fig. 2. When the sleeve II 50
has been drawn down sufficiently far, the loops or
stitches already on the needles I2 slide upwardly
over the latches II which guard the hooks I6 and
take their place in the knitted work. The needle
sleeve II is then raised toward the upper end 55
2
2,129,393
of the body tube It), causing the new loops formed
by the yarn engaged under the hooks IE to move
downwardly over the latches ll, causing these
latches to open, and assume another starting
position beneath the latches II. This process is
repeated and the knitted work descends through
the body tube Ill and out at the lower end thereof.
10
lar member, a sleeve turnable and slidable on said
member, a plurality of knitting needles secured
to said sleeve, and one or more yarn guides ?xed on
said tubular member.
2. A hand knitting device comprising a mem
Although preferable, it is not required that the
yarns 7—7’ be actually knotted together at 4, for
ber having an opening therethrough, a second
member turnable and reciprocable on said ?rst
by merely forming the loops 5—5' and placing
member, a plurality of knitting needles secured to
the yarns l---'!' in the guides 13 and M, the work
will be started upon manipulation of the ring of
said second member, and one or more yarn guide
members ?xed on said ?rst member.
3. A knitting device including a ?rst member,
a second member turnable and slidable on said
needles as previously described. Suf?cient ten
sion may be maintained on the depending ends
15 of the yarn, or the knitted goods when it extends
from the bottom of the device, by the ?ngers of
the hand holding the device. If desired, however,
a small weight may be attached to the goods be
low the lower end of the body tube In as well
20 known.
Every time the needle sleeve H is drawn down
wardly, four stitches are made. Thus, this de
vice has an advantage of speed, being at least
four times faster than hand operated devices of
25 this nature known in the prior art. The knitting
speed is further increased and the use of differ
ent- colored yarns made possible by provision of
plural yarn guides or carriers whereby the needle
sleeve I I need be rotated only a part of a revolu
30 tion. It will be understood that the needle
mounting ring and the yarn guides make it pos
sible to hold the device in hand and manipulate
the needles in unison. A device of this nature
has been previously proposed in which the needles
35 are reciprocated individually and the yarn car
ried to the needles by hand. I am also aware that
automatic knitting machines have been proposed
operating on the principle generally involved in
my device, but the complexities of these ma
4.0 chines make them unsuitable for a hand knitting
device or a toy.
It will be understood that various changes may
be made within the scope of my invention which
is therefore not limited to that which is shown
45
What is claimed is:
1. A hand knitting device comprising a tubu
in the drawing and described in the speci?cation
but only as indicated in the following claims.
?rst member and constructed and arranged to 15
be grasped by hand, and a plurality of knitting
needles fastened on said second member so as to
move therewith.
4- A device of the class described including a
ring of automatic knitting needles, a single mem 20
ber for both turning and reciprocating said nee
dles in unison, and at least one yarn guide for
each two of said needles.
5. A hand knitting device comprising a body
tube, a ring slidable and revoluble on the outside of 25
said tube, four latch type knitting needles secured
substantially symmetrically on said ring and all
extending toward one end of said tube, and two
yarn guides ?xed on substantially diametrically 30
opposite sides of said tube and secured thereto at
a distance from said end thereof and extending
in spaced relation to said tube and beyond said
end thereof.
'
i
6. In a process of knitting with the aid of a
35
ring of automatic knitting needles, a method of
starting a piece of knitted work which includes
knotting together a plurality of yarns a distance
from their ends, looping each of said yarns on one
side of the knot around a respective needle, and
40
operating said needles to draw yarn on the other
side of the knot through said loops to form new
loops on the needles.
JAY H. WOOLHISER.
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