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Патент USA US2129404

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Sept. 6, 1938.
'
E. BUGATTI_
PANE'SECURING MEANS
Filed March 12, 1936
'
l/
2,129,404
Patented Sept. 6, 1938
- 2,129,404
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,129,404
PANE SECURING'MEANS
Ettore Bugatti, Molsheim, France
Application March 12, 1936, Serial 'No. 68,525
In France March 23, 1935
17 Claims;
(Cl. 20-564)
The present invention relatesto devices for the
the peripheral sheath which, in turn, tightly sur
rounds the edges of the pane.
It should be noted that the elastic material, if
frame having a recess, of ?at elements such as
glass panes, panels of any kind, etc. In order to it is plastic and capable of resisting the action
‘ simplify the description of the invention, I will of weather, has the advantage of forming a ?uid- 5
simply refer, in the following speci?cation, to ‘ tight packing and opposing the passage of humid
panes-but it should be well understood that this ity and air draughts, which is important if the
term is to be taken in its most generic meaning, pane is a glass pane for a buildingor vehicle
including all ?at elements as above referred to. window. Owing to its elasticity, the material in
question absorbs the shocks that might otherwise 10
10
The object of the present invention is to pro
vide a securing means of the kind above referred be transmitted to the glass pane, which prevents
the pane from being broken if the latter is fragile,
to which is better adapted to meet the require
ments of practice than similar devices used for and it deadens the disagreeable noise and rattling
?xation, in their support, such for instance as a
the same purpose up to this time.
that would occur, for instance on a vehicle, if the
pane were directly in contact with supporting
The essential feature of the invention is as fol
metal parts.
~ .
lows: The pane is elastically carried in its sup
In some cases, or for reasons of simplicity or
port owing to the fact that its edges are held
economy, it is possible to admit some of the draw-'
between two elastic elements one of which consists , backs just above mentioned (as far as they may
of clips adapted to, be elastically loosened or occur) and I make use of the following arrange20 tightened for the mounting and the removal. In ment, which is within-the scope of the invention:
other words, the pane is caught by its edges in an
The edges of the pane are caught between the
elastic channel-shaped structure which runs elastic ?anges of a channel-shaped structure
along the whole or the part of its-periphery and ?xed in the recess or support above referred to,
one of the edges of which (either practically. con
and‘ one of these ?anges of the channel, which
25 tinuous or on the contrary provided only at cer
is split at least at the corners of the frame, is
tain places‘) can be temporarily deformed so as sufficiently elastic for permitting to move it out
to permit of ?tting in position or removing the of the way for inserting or removing the pane.
pane, this channel-shaped structure being ?xed With this embodiment of the invention, I keep
to the support of the system.
the advantage of having a structure which is
30
It follows that it is possible to hide, inside the -neat since I can hide inside the channel-shaped
channel-shaped structure or between the two structure the screw, nail, or bolt heads, the welds
elastic elements, the ?xation members which con
and any other parts of irregular appearance,
nect this channel-shaped structure of these ele
serving to the ?xation to the support.
ments to said support, whereby I obtain a system
Other features of the present invention will be
35 which is very neat and of an agreeable appear
hereinafter described, with reference to the ac
15
ance.
In the preferred embodiment of the invention,
the edges of the pane are inserted in an elastic
peripheric sheath, for instance of india-rubber,
40 which, on one side, is applied against a projecting
part of the recess or support in which the pane
is to be ?tted, and, on the other side, is applied
against a removable locking frame held'in posi
tion by the above mentioned clips. In a modi?—
cation, the elastic sheath, instead of bearing di
rectly against the edge of the recess or support,
is applied against an auxiliary frame ?tted in
said recess and which can eventually be rigid with
50 the elastic clips serving to maintain the remov
able locking frame. This auxiliary frame serving
to maintain the pane may be elastic. When the
clips are rigid with the elastic sheath, the pane
is doubly maintained in an elastic manner, since
55 it is ?tted in a channel-shaped structure holding
15
20
25
30
35
companying drawing, given merely by way of ex
ample, and in which:
Fig. 1 is a sectional view onthe line l‘--l of
Fig. 2; this ?gure showing a portion of a glass 40
pane ?xed in the recess of a window;
Fig. 2 is a corresponding perspective view with
some parts cut away;
Figs. 3 and 4 show, in the same manner as
Fig. 1, two other embodiments of the securing 45
means according to the present invention.
'
In the embodiment of Figs. 1 and 2, the glass
pane l (or any other pane), surrounded by a
sheath 2, of an elastic material (India rubber for
instance), is ?tted in a housing provided in the 50
frame 3 of a window. This sheath may be pro
vided with an inner recess I0, which improves its
elasticity. Against the edge or rabbet 4 of this
housing, there are ?xed elastic tongues 5, with
free outer ends forming hooks 6. These hooks or 55
2
2, 129,404
- "clips maintain a frame ‘I, which is slightly larger
than the glass pane and which exerts, once in
position, an elastic pressure on glass pane I
through the sheath 2 which surrounds it.
Frame 1 constitutes a pressure distributing and
10
sunken position; cushioning means interposed
held between the hook 6 of tongue 5 and sheath
between said pane and said frame in said recess
2, tongue 5 further exerting an elastic thrust in
the direction of arrow A.
'.
' >
>
formed in the direction opposed to that of arrow
15 A, by means of a suitable tool. In order to facili
tate the insertion into position without any tool,
frame ‘I is provided with an inner bevel, at an
angle of about 45°. It suffices to push it upward
ly (in the case illustrated by Fig. 1) ‘and it ?rst
20 moves away tongues 5 then releases them, which
then hold it in position by means of hooks 6. If
need be a groove 8 is provided in frame ‘I, so as
to avoid any slipping of hooks 6 with respect
to said frame.
Fig. 3 shows a modification of the device above
described. In this embodiment, the elastic sheath
2 is held between an elastic tongue 9, which may
be integral with tongue 5, and frame ‘I. Said
elastic tongue 9 is inserted in the housing for
30 the glass pane and makes an angle of 90° with
tongue 5. In the speci?c embodiment illustrated
by Fig. 3, these two tongues consist of the ?anges ~
of a U-shaped piece or channel, which runs along
the whole periphery of the glass pane.
35
combination of a pane; a frame having a periph
eral recess for accommodating said pane in a
locking element which prevents the glass pane
from leaving its housing because it is elastically
In order to insert glass pane l in its housing,
after having previously ?tted said glass pane with
its elastic sheath 2, tongues 5 are elastically de
25
means, said retainer being, disposed substantially
j at right angles to said pane and means for at
taching said retainer to said frame.
3. In a construction of the type described, the
~
Fig. 4 shows a simpli?ed embodiment which is
advantageously employed for panes which are
not so fragile as glass panes. The pane itself
is’ provided with an internal bevel, so as to re
place frame 1?.
Of course, a frame similar to element 1 might‘
also be employed with an arrangement of the
kind of that illustrated by Fig. 4, and both this
frame and the pane would be bevelled. I might
also interpose an elastic material between such
45 a frame and the pane and possibly fix this elas
tic material to the frame. I may also, in the case
of Fig. 4, make use of two similar frames, dis
for backing said pane against ?atwise pressure;
substantially-inextensible retaining means ac 10
commodated in said recess, having operative en
gagement with the pane, for drawing the latter
into the recess against said ‘cushioning means,
said retaining means'being adapted to yield elas
tically in a direction parallel to the plane, where
by the pane may be snapped in position; and
means also accommodated in said recess for fas
tening said retaining means to said frame.
4. In a construction of the type described, the
combination of a frame; a pane mounted there
in; a cushioning and clamping device for resili
ently~ supporting said pane in said frame, the de
vice including a resilient cushioning element
adapted to provide a yieldable backing for the
pane with respect to ?atwise motion and a re-_
silient clamping element adapted to provide a
yieldable backing for the pane with respect to
edgewise motion and to hold the pane substan
tially rigidly against flatwise motion away from
the resilient cushioning element, the two ele 30
ments forming an L-section unit adapted to en
close an edge of the pane and to keep it spaced
from the frame; and means for fastening said
device to said frame.
5. In a construction of the type described, a 35
frame having a recess of angular cross section;
a pane mounted in said frame, an angular pane
retainer ?tted into said angular recess, including
two integral resilient wings and adapted to house
an edge of said pane, one of the wings having 40
operative contact with a face of the pane so as
to provide a resilient backing therefor, while the
other wing has an inwardly projecting bead ope1‘-.
atively engaging the other face of said pane for
retaining the pane edge in said angular retainer 45
and is disposed substantially at right angles to
50 description, disclosed what I deem to be practical
the plane of the pane; and means for fastening
the retainer to said frame.
6. The combination of claim 5, the recess in
and efficient embodiments of the present inven
tion, it should be well understood that I do not
wish to be limited thereto as there might be
surfaces, the remote edges of which are cut away
in order to permit substantial flexure of said re
changes made in the arrangement, disposition,
silient‘wings.
posed each on one side of said pane.
In a general way, while I have, in the above
55 and form of the parts without departing from the
20
said frame being limited by angularly disposed
'
'7. In a construction of the type described the
combination of a frame having a rabbet; a re
principle of the present invention as compre
hended within the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. In a construction of the type described, the
ing two wings, the apex of the angular strip
edge for engaging operatively the other face of
its forwardly projecting bead.
silient metal strip of angular cross section hav
being located at the rear portion of the rabbet
60 combination of a frame, a pane mounted therein, and one of the wings projecting inwardly away
resilient means interposed between a face of said . from the rabbet, while the other wing projects
forwardly, has its rear portion disposed against
pane and said frame for backing said pane yield
ingly against flatwise pressure, and snap-on the rabbet, and has an inwardly projecting bead;
means secured to the frame adapted to be forced means for securing the second wing to the rab
65 elastically away from the edge of said pane in bet, solely along its rear portion so that the
a direction parallel to the pane, for holding said front portion may be ?exed resiliently; and a
pane against the ?rst mentioned means.
pane mounted in said strip, having its rear face
2. In a construction of the type, described, the in operative engagement with the ?rst wing, and
combination of a frame, a pane mounted therein, its front face in operative engagement with the ,
70 resilient means interposed between a face of said inwardly projecting bead on the second wing.
pane and said frame, for backing said pane yield
8. The combination of claim 7, the ?rst wing 70
ingly against ?atwise pressure, a substantially having a forwardly projecting bead, whereby the
inextensible resilient retainer having a beaded rear face of the pane contacts said wing along
75 said pane and holding the pane against said
,
9. The combination of claim 7, the pane hav 75
3
2,129,404
ing its rear edge bevelled so as to facilitate its
being snapped into the angular metal strip.
10. In a construction of. the type described, the
combination of a frame having an inwardly pro
jecting rear lip de?ning a recess in said‘ frame; a,
pane mounted in the frame, having its edge dis
posed in overlapping relation with respect to said
lip; a resilient and plastic cushion comprising a
back portion interposed between the rear face
10 of said pane and said lip, and ,a front portion
covering the front face of the pane along its
edge; a pressure distributing rigid member dis
posed against ‘the front portion of the resilient
and plastic cushion; inextensible fore-and-aft
15 resilient means housed in said recess, for press
ing said member against said cushion; and means
located solely at the back part of said recess, for
fastening said inextensible resilient means to
said frame.
other wing, is applied against the rear part of
the rabbet and projects forwardly beyond the
same as a freely ?exible tongue having a beaded
front edge, whereby a pane may be inserted into
and retained within the metal band.
,
14. In a construction of th
type described,
the combination of a frame having a rabbet and
an inwardly projecting ?ange at the rear part of
said rabbet; a resilient pane retainer having a
rear portion attached to- said rabbet and freely 10
?exible front portion having a beaded front edge,
said retainer being positioned in a transverse di- '
rection with respect to the frame; a pane
mounted on said frame between said ?ange and
said beaded edge; a resilient and plastic cush 15
ion enclosing the edge of said pane and covering
both front face and rear face of the pane along
said edge, the rear portion of the cushion being
in contact with said ?ange along its front face;
and a locking rigid band operatively interposed 20
11. In a construction of the type described, the . between said beaded edge and the front portion
combination of a pane; a strip of resilient and
said cushion.
platic material folded in U-formation over the of- 15.
In a construction of the type described the
‘ edge of the pane, said strip having beaded por
combination of a frame having a rabbet; a re
tions along both edges so as to form two out
silient metal band secured to the ‘frame and
including two wings. angularly disposed, one of
25 wardly projecting lips at the ends of the U legs;
a frame for accommodating the edge of the thewings projecting inwardly, away from the
pane, having a rear internal ?ange which pro
rabbet while the second wing has a beaded front
20
vides a seating portionadapted to engage the
rear leg of the U strip for backing said strip and
30 said pane against ?atwise motion, and a second
seating, portion adapted to engage the beaded
edge and projects forwardly as a freely ?exible
hook; a pane mounted on the frame with its 30
edge inserted between the ?rst wing and the
beaded edge of the second wing; a U-shaped elas
portion of the ‘same leg of the U, for holding‘ tic and ‘plastic strip disposed around said edge
said strip and said pane against edgewise- mo
the pane, having its rear portion in contact
tion; a pressure distributing rigid band adapted ‘of
with the ?rst wing; and allocking element inter
35 to engage operatively the front leg of the U strip
and the front beaded portion of the same, said
band having a front groove; a resilient tongue
having a front hook adapted to engage said
groove, the tongue extending in a front-rear di
rection to a point adjacent the ?ange of the
40 frame; and means located adjacent said ?ange
for fastening said tongue to ‘said frame.
12. In a construction of the type described, the
combination of a frame having a rabbet and an
inwardly projecting ?ange at the rear part of
45 said rabbet, with aresilient, pane retainer hav
ing its rear edge attached to said rabbet and a
freely ?exible front portion provided with a
beaded front edge, said retainer being positioned ~
" in a. transverse direction with respect to the
50 frame whereby a pane may be inserted into and
retained within the zone bounded by the ?ange,
the retainer and the beaded edge.
'
13. In a construction of the type described, the
combination of a frame having a rabbet, the
front part» of which ?ares outwardly, and an
inwardly projecting ?ange disposed at the‘ rear
posed between said beaded edge and the front
portion of the U-shaped strip, for holding the
pane against forward ?atwise motion.
16. A marginal encasing structure for remov
ably retaining a pane along the edges thereof, 40
which comprises. a stationary abutment substan
tially parallel with the plane of the pane; a
movable abutment spaced apart from the station
ary abutment, also substantially parallel with
the plane of the pane; and inextensible, resili 45
ent, spacing means, extending in a direction sub
stantially at right angles to the plane of the pane,
anchored to the stationary abutment, for con
necting the movable abutment with the sta
tionary abutment.
17. A marginal encasing structure for remov
ably retaining a pane along the edges thereof,
which comprises a stationary abutment substan
tially parallel with the plane of the pane and an
lnextensible, resilient tongue attached to the sta
tionary abutment, freely projecting from the
same substantially at right angles to the plane
of the pane and having at its free end away from
part of the rabbet, a resilient metal band se
the stationary abutment, a catch adapted to
cured to the frame and including two wings an-‘ retain the pane against ?at wise pressure.
gularly disposed, one of the wings being applied ,
60 against the front face of said ?ange and pro
jecting inwardly beyond the same, while the
ETI’ORE BUGA'I'I'I.
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