Патент USA US2129404код для вставки
Sept. 6, 1938. ' E. BUGATTI_ PANE'SECURING MEANS Filed March 12, 1936 ' l/ 2,129,404 Patented Sept. 6, 1938 - 2,129,404 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,129,404 PANE SECURING'MEANS Ettore Bugatti, Molsheim, France Application March 12, 1936, Serial 'No. 68,525 In France March 23, 1935 17 Claims; (Cl. 20-564) The present invention relatesto devices for the the peripheral sheath which, in turn, tightly sur rounds the edges of the pane. It should be noted that the elastic material, if frame having a recess, of ?at elements such as glass panes, panels of any kind, etc. In order to it is plastic and capable of resisting the action ‘ simplify the description of the invention, I will of weather, has the advantage of forming a ?uid- 5 simply refer, in the following speci?cation, to ‘ tight packing and opposing the passage of humid panes-but it should be well understood that this ity and air draughts, which is important if the term is to be taken in its most generic meaning, pane is a glass pane for a buildingor vehicle including all ?at elements as above referred to. window. Owing to its elasticity, the material in question absorbs the shocks that might otherwise 10 10 The object of the present invention is to pro vide a securing means of the kind above referred be transmitted to the glass pane, which prevents the pane from being broken if the latter is fragile, to which is better adapted to meet the require ments of practice than similar devices used for and it deadens the disagreeable noise and rattling ?xation, in their support, such for instance as a the same purpose up to this time. that would occur, for instance on a vehicle, if the pane were directly in contact with supporting The essential feature of the invention is as fol metal parts. ~ . lows: The pane is elastically carried in its sup In some cases, or for reasons of simplicity or port owing to the fact that its edges are held economy, it is possible to admit some of the draw-' between two elastic elements one of which consists , backs just above mentioned (as far as they may of clips adapted to, be elastically loosened or occur) and I make use of the following arrange20 tightened for the mounting and the removal. In ment, which is within-the scope of the invention: other words, the pane is caught by its edges in an The edges of the pane are caught between the elastic channel-shaped structure which runs elastic ?anges of a channel-shaped structure along the whole or the part of its-periphery and ?xed in the recess or support above referred to, one of the edges of which (either practically. con and‘ one of these ?anges of the channel, which 25 tinuous or on the contrary provided only at cer is split at least at the corners of the frame, is tain places‘) can be temporarily deformed so as sufficiently elastic for permitting to move it out to permit of ?tting in position or removing the of the way for inserting or removing the pane. pane, this channel-shaped structure being ?xed With this embodiment of the invention, I keep to the support of the system. the advantage of having a structure which is 30 It follows that it is possible to hide, inside the -neat since I can hide inside the channel-shaped channel-shaped structure or between the two structure the screw, nail, or bolt heads, the welds elastic elements, the ?xation members which con and any other parts of irregular appearance, nect this channel-shaped structure of these ele serving to the ?xation to the support. ments to said support, whereby I obtain a system Other features of the present invention will be 35 which is very neat and of an agreeable appear hereinafter described, with reference to the ac 15 ance. In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the edges of the pane are inserted in an elastic peripheric sheath, for instance of india-rubber, 40 which, on one side, is applied against a projecting part of the recess or support in which the pane is to be ?tted, and, on the other side, is applied against a removable locking frame held'in posi tion by the above mentioned clips. In a modi?— cation, the elastic sheath, instead of bearing di rectly against the edge of the recess or support, is applied against an auxiliary frame ?tted in said recess and which can eventually be rigid with 50 the elastic clips serving to maintain the remov able locking frame. This auxiliary frame serving to maintain the pane may be elastic. When the clips are rigid with the elastic sheath, the pane is doubly maintained in an elastic manner, since 55 it is ?tted in a channel-shaped structure holding 15 20 25 30 35 companying drawing, given merely by way of ex ample, and in which: Fig. 1 is a sectional view onthe line l‘--l of Fig. 2; this ?gure showing a portion of a glass 40 pane ?xed in the recess of a window; Fig. 2 is a corresponding perspective view with some parts cut away; Figs. 3 and 4 show, in the same manner as Fig. 1, two other embodiments of the securing 45 means according to the present invention. ' In the embodiment of Figs. 1 and 2, the glass pane l (or any other pane), surrounded by a sheath 2, of an elastic material (India rubber for instance), is ?tted in a housing provided in the 50 frame 3 of a window. This sheath may be pro vided with an inner recess I0, which improves its elasticity. Against the edge or rabbet 4 of this housing, there are ?xed elastic tongues 5, with free outer ends forming hooks 6. These hooks or 55 2 2, 129,404 - "clips maintain a frame ‘I, which is slightly larger than the glass pane and which exerts, once in position, an elastic pressure on glass pane I through the sheath 2 which surrounds it. Frame 1 constitutes a pressure distributing and 10 sunken position; cushioning means interposed held between the hook 6 of tongue 5 and sheath between said pane and said frame in said recess 2, tongue 5 further exerting an elastic thrust in the direction of arrow A. '. ' > > formed in the direction opposed to that of arrow 15 A, by means of a suitable tool. In order to facili tate the insertion into position without any tool, frame ‘I is provided with an inner bevel, at an angle of about 45°. It suffices to push it upward ly (in the case illustrated by Fig. 1) ‘and it ?rst 20 moves away tongues 5 then releases them, which then hold it in position by means of hooks 6. If need be a groove 8 is provided in frame ‘I, so as to avoid any slipping of hooks 6 with respect to said frame. Fig. 3 shows a modification of the device above described. In this embodiment, the elastic sheath 2 is held between an elastic tongue 9, which may be integral with tongue 5, and frame ‘I. Said elastic tongue 9 is inserted in the housing for 30 the glass pane and makes an angle of 90° with tongue 5. In the speci?c embodiment illustrated by Fig. 3, these two tongues consist of the ?anges ~ of a U-shaped piece or channel, which runs along the whole periphery of the glass pane. 35 combination of a pane; a frame having a periph eral recess for accommodating said pane in a locking element which prevents the glass pane from leaving its housing because it is elastically In order to insert glass pane l in its housing, after having previously ?tted said glass pane with its elastic sheath 2, tongues 5 are elastically de 25 means, said retainer being, disposed substantially j at right angles to said pane and means for at taching said retainer to said frame. 3. In a construction of the type described, the ~ Fig. 4 shows a simpli?ed embodiment which is advantageously employed for panes which are not so fragile as glass panes. The pane itself is’ provided with an internal bevel, so as to re place frame 1?. Of course, a frame similar to element 1 might‘ also be employed with an arrangement of the kind of that illustrated by Fig. 4, and both this frame and the pane would be bevelled. I might also interpose an elastic material between such 45 a frame and the pane and possibly fix this elas tic material to the frame. I may also, in the case of Fig. 4, make use of two similar frames, dis for backing said pane against ?atwise pressure; substantially-inextensible retaining means ac 10 commodated in said recess, having operative en gagement with the pane, for drawing the latter into the recess against said ‘cushioning means, said retaining means'being adapted to yield elas tically in a direction parallel to the plane, where by the pane may be snapped in position; and means also accommodated in said recess for fas tening said retaining means to said frame. 4. In a construction of the type described, the combination of a frame; a pane mounted there in; a cushioning and clamping device for resili ently~ supporting said pane in said frame, the de vice including a resilient cushioning element adapted to provide a yieldable backing for the pane with respect to ?atwise motion and a re-_ silient clamping element adapted to provide a yieldable backing for the pane with respect to edgewise motion and to hold the pane substan tially rigidly against flatwise motion away from the resilient cushioning element, the two ele 30 ments forming an L-section unit adapted to en close an edge of the pane and to keep it spaced from the frame; and means for fastening said device to said frame. 5. In a construction of the type described, a 35 frame having a recess of angular cross section; a pane mounted in said frame, an angular pane retainer ?tted into said angular recess, including two integral resilient wings and adapted to house an edge of said pane, one of the wings having 40 operative contact with a face of the pane so as to provide a resilient backing therefor, while the other wing has an inwardly projecting bead ope1‘-. atively engaging the other face of said pane for retaining the pane edge in said angular retainer 45 and is disposed substantially at right angles to 50 description, disclosed what I deem to be practical the plane of the pane; and means for fastening the retainer to said frame. 6. The combination of claim 5, the recess in and efficient embodiments of the present inven tion, it should be well understood that I do not wish to be limited thereto as there might be surfaces, the remote edges of which are cut away in order to permit substantial flexure of said re changes made in the arrangement, disposition, silient‘wings. posed each on one side of said pane. In a general way, while I have, in the above 55 and form of the parts without departing from the 20 said frame being limited by angularly disposed ' '7. In a construction of the type described the combination of a frame having a rabbet; a re principle of the present invention as compre hended within the scope of the appended claims. What I claim is: 1. In a construction of the type described, the ing two wings, the apex of the angular strip edge for engaging operatively the other face of its forwardly projecting bead. silient metal strip of angular cross section hav being located at the rear portion of the rabbet 60 combination of a frame, a pane mounted therein, and one of the wings projecting inwardly away resilient means interposed between a face of said . from the rabbet, while the other wing projects forwardly, has its rear portion disposed against pane and said frame for backing said pane yield ingly against flatwise pressure, and snap-on the rabbet, and has an inwardly projecting bead; means secured to the frame adapted to be forced means for securing the second wing to the rab 65 elastically away from the edge of said pane in bet, solely along its rear portion so that the a direction parallel to the pane, for holding said front portion may be ?exed resiliently; and a pane against the ?rst mentioned means. pane mounted in said strip, having its rear face 2. In a construction of the type, described, the in operative engagement with the ?rst wing, and combination of a frame, a pane mounted therein, its front face in operative engagement with the , 70 resilient means interposed between a face of said inwardly projecting bead on the second wing. pane and said frame, for backing said pane yield 8. The combination of claim 7, the ?rst wing 70 ingly against ?atwise pressure, a substantially having a forwardly projecting bead, whereby the inextensible resilient retainer having a beaded rear face of the pane contacts said wing along 75 said pane and holding the pane against said , 9. The combination of claim 7, the pane hav 75 3 2,129,404 ing its rear edge bevelled so as to facilitate its being snapped into the angular metal strip. 10. In a construction of. the type described, the combination of a frame having an inwardly pro jecting rear lip de?ning a recess in said‘ frame; a, pane mounted in the frame, having its edge dis posed in overlapping relation with respect to said lip; a resilient and plastic cushion comprising a back portion interposed between the rear face 10 of said pane and said lip, and ,a front portion covering the front face of the pane along its edge; a pressure distributing rigid member dis posed against ‘the front portion of the resilient and plastic cushion; inextensible fore-and-aft 15 resilient means housed in said recess, for press ing said member against said cushion; and means located solely at the back part of said recess, for fastening said inextensible resilient means to said frame. other wing, is applied against the rear part of the rabbet and projects forwardly beyond the same as a freely ?exible tongue having a beaded front edge, whereby a pane may be inserted into and retained within the metal band. , 14. In a construction of th type described, the combination of a frame having a rabbet and an inwardly projecting ?ange at the rear part of said rabbet; a resilient pane retainer having a rear portion attached to- said rabbet and freely 10 ?exible front portion having a beaded front edge, said retainer being positioned in a transverse di- ' rection with respect to the frame; a pane mounted on said frame between said ?ange and said beaded edge; a resilient and plastic cush 15 ion enclosing the edge of said pane and covering both front face and rear face of the pane along said edge, the rear portion of the cushion being in contact with said ?ange along its front face; and a locking rigid band operatively interposed 20 11. In a construction of the type described, the . between said beaded edge and the front portion combination of a pane; a strip of resilient and said cushion. platic material folded in U-formation over the of- 15. In a construction of the type described the ‘ edge of the pane, said strip having beaded por combination of a frame having a rabbet; a re tions along both edges so as to form two out silient metal band secured to the ‘frame and including two wings. angularly disposed, one of 25 wardly projecting lips at the ends of the U legs; a frame for accommodating the edge of the thewings projecting inwardly, away from the pane, having a rear internal ?ange which pro rabbet while the second wing has a beaded front 20 vides a seating portionadapted to engage the rear leg of the U strip for backing said strip and 30 said pane against ?atwise motion, and a second seating, portion adapted to engage the beaded edge and projects forwardly as a freely ?exible hook; a pane mounted on the frame with its 30 edge inserted between the ?rst wing and the beaded edge of the second wing; a U-shaped elas portion of the ‘same leg of the U, for holding‘ tic and ‘plastic strip disposed around said edge said strip and said pane against edgewise- mo the pane, having its rear portion in contact tion; a pressure distributing rigid band adapted ‘of with the ?rst wing; and allocking element inter 35 to engage operatively the front leg of the U strip and the front beaded portion of the same, said band having a front groove; a resilient tongue having a front hook adapted to engage said groove, the tongue extending in a front-rear di rection to a point adjacent the ?ange of the 40 frame; and means located adjacent said ?ange for fastening said tongue to ‘said frame. 12. In a construction of the type described, the combination of a frame having a rabbet and an inwardly projecting ?ange at the rear part of 45 said rabbet, with aresilient, pane retainer hav ing its rear edge attached to said rabbet and a freely ?exible front portion provided with a beaded front edge, said retainer being positioned ~ " in a. transverse direction with respect to the 50 frame whereby a pane may be inserted into and retained within the zone bounded by the ?ange, the retainer and the beaded edge. ' 13. In a construction of the type described, the combination of a frame having a rabbet, the front part» of which ?ares outwardly, and an inwardly projecting ?ange disposed at the‘ rear posed between said beaded edge and the front portion of the U-shaped strip, for holding the pane against forward ?atwise motion. 16. A marginal encasing structure for remov ably retaining a pane along the edges thereof, 40 which comprises. a stationary abutment substan tially parallel with the plane of the pane; a movable abutment spaced apart from the station ary abutment, also substantially parallel with the plane of the pane; and inextensible, resili 45 ent, spacing means, extending in a direction sub stantially at right angles to the plane of the pane, anchored to the stationary abutment, for con necting the movable abutment with the sta tionary abutment. 17. A marginal encasing structure for remov ably retaining a pane along the edges thereof, which comprises a stationary abutment substan tially parallel with the plane of the pane and an lnextensible, resilient tongue attached to the sta tionary abutment, freely projecting from the same substantially at right angles to the plane of the pane and having at its free end away from part of the rabbet, a resilient metal band se the stationary abutment, a catch adapted to cured to the frame and including two wings an-‘ retain the pane against ?at wise pressure. gularly disposed, one of the wings being applied , 60 against the front face of said ?ange and pro jecting inwardly beyond the same, while the ETI’ORE BUGA'I'I'I.