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Патент USA US2129951

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Sept. 13, 1 938.
N. M. LoNEY ET Al.
25129,'951` Y
Filed July 16, 1937
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
Sept. 13, 1938.
2,129,951 v
v Filed July 16, 1937
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
¿î @ifa @247215011
Sept. 13, 1938.
Filed July 16, 1937
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5 Sheets-Sheet 3
Patented Sept. 13, 41938
Neil M. Loney, Huntington Woods, and William
E. Van Berg and Otto Ferguson, Detroit, Mich.,
assignors to General Motors Corporation, De
troit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware
Application July 16, 1937, Serial No. 153,902
9 Claims. (Cl. 211-13)
This invention has to do with the shipment
Additional objects and advantages of the in
of sheet metal panels or the like and is con-
vention will become apparent during the course
cerned especially with the loading for transportation of formed roof decks of automobile bodies.
5 In the automobile body industry where the body
assembly plant is located at a distance from the
press shop there arises the problem of proper
packing of stamped panels in the freight car
or other conveyance to avoid damage in transit
10 and handling and to make best use of the space
available fo-r loading the panels in large numbers.
of the following specification having reference
to the accompanying drawings wherein Figure
1 is an elevation of a loaded container; Figure 2 5
is an end View of the container; Figure 3 is a
detail perspective view of a few of the suspen
sion hangers; Figure 4 shows the clamping mech
anism and is a View looking in the direction of
the arrows on line 4-4 of Figure 2; Figure 5 10
is a sectional view taken on line 5_5 of Fig
Accordingly it is here proposed to fit to the
conventional freight c-ar a number of removable
ure l; Figure 6 is a view looking in the direction
of the arrows on line B-S of Figure 2; Figure 7
is an enlarged detail View of two adjacent hang
ers; Figures 8 and 9 are detail perspectives of l5
the panel clamping mechanism in operative and
containers which in the interest of durability
15 and continuous re-use, together with light weight
and low cost of dunnage, are constructed of
structural steel members welded together, each
container comprising a pair of sides spaced apart
inoperative positions, respectively; Figure 10`
shows the clamp engaged with the roof and Fig
ure 11 is a section taken on line Il_-ll of Fig
a distance substantially corresponding to the
20 width of an individual panel to be loaded, to
locate therebetween a succession of panels separately and vertically hung from the sides by a
ure 1.
In the drawings the outline of a freight car
in cross section is shown in Figure 1 wherein 2
series of suspension hangers arranged in pairs
for engagement with the opposite edges of the
25 respective panels. Handling of the panels is iacilitated and l-abor reduced inasmuch as the con-
indicates the floor, 3 the roof and 4 and 5 the
side Walls. A loaded container is shown in po
sition in the car, the containers being so con- 25
structed and proportioned that each is substan
tainers may be loaded and unloaded conveniently
tially as long as the car is Wide and when placed
outside the freight car and the loaded container
side by side in> succession about nine containers
moved to and from stowed position.
will fill a standard size freight car.
Among the objects of the invention is the
provision of an improved hanger and mounting
tainer is intended to hold approximately forty- 30
two roof decks positioned vertically and indi
vidually suspended.
Accordingly, each hanger comprises
Each con
a forked hook to engage an offset portion at the
Each container consists of a skeleton frame
edge o-f the panel about midway of its vertical
work and the bottom is supported upon the floor
'35 height and the hook has camming surfaces
thereon partly in the form of a dared entrance
by shoes 5_6. At suitable spaced intervals cross 35
bars 'l connect a pair of longitudinal I-beams 8
mouth to facilitate reception and guidance of
the offset to seated position. Separate pivotal
mountings for each fork enables the forks on
40 opposite sides to be swung in succession between
an operative load carrying position and an inoperative position out of interference to the pas'sage of panels into and out of the container
which together form a rectangular base. At the
four corners of the base, gusset plates 9-9 sup
port vertically extending posts ifi also of I-beam
or channel section, and the posts on the two sides 40
are connected at vertically spaced intervals by
the longitudinal rails il, I2 and i3. At one end
the container is closed by aremovable gate com
through an open end.
A further object of the invention is to provide
an improved holding device to guard against
shifting and displacement of loaded panels. A
number of such devices are employed in vertically spaced relation with the suspension hooks
50 and each includes an operating handle and a
shiftable member to eng-age one of a group of
panels and by its movement to draw together
the adjacent ends of the panels in the group
and thereby securely locate the several panels
through their contact one with another.
prising cross members Ill-_i4 and vertical mem
bers l5-i5. The end gate is removed to facilitate «l5
loading. It is held in place by a series of bolts
i6 passing at vertically spaced intervals through
alined openings in the side bars I5 and the web of
the adjacent post it, each having a slotted end
to receive the Wedge il, all as shown in Figure 5. 50
The bolt i6 also passes through a spacer sleeve
i8 welded to the web of the post ill. The opposite
end of the container may be closed by a similar
structure preferably ñxedly secured to the adja
cent vertical posts Iii-l0.
The roof decks I9, as seen in Figure 1, are
ment. In addition a latch 35 pivoted to a bracket
stamped metal panels which are curved both
36 is positioned in the path of the hand lever.
’I’he pivot mounting for the latch 35 is off-center
longitudinally and transversely. Along opposite
side edges a molding bead 20 is formed to consti
tute in cooperation with the gutter piece 20a
welded thereto, a drain channel or drip molding
when the panel is assembled as an automobile
and toward one side so that normally it hangs
downwardly at an angle to the vertical. It is
pushed back by its engagement with the descend
ing lever until it is cleared when it returns to
body top. In the forward portion of its length the
locking relation and requires pushing back by
bead 20 carries an angular` offset comprising a
downturned portion 2l and an inturned flange
22. When placed in a vertical position the lower
edge of the oiTset is utilized for the suspension of
hand before the lever can be released.
To guide the hook 3I on a straight line during 10
its movement to and from clamped position it has
welded thereon an L-shaped member 3l which
embraces the inner edge of the horizontal flange
on the angle I3. This member also locates the
hook 3| in the path of the drip molding 20a and 15
consequently to facilitate passage of the roof
panels in and out of the container it is desirable
the panel.
'I'his is shown best in Figure 3 where the lower
15 edge of the offset rests upon one end of a pivoted
hanger 23 resting upon the bottom flange of the
angle rail I2. 'I’he end which seats the panel
offset has an upwardly open fork constituted by a
pair of tines 24 and 25 bent away from each other
20 toward the top so as to provide an upwardly open
ing flaring entrance mouth to receive the portion
2| of the offset. In addition the side face 2S of
the tine 24 which engages with the inturned
ñange 22 of the oifset tapers upwardly or recedes
25 in a direction opposite to a correspondingly in
clined face 21 on the tine 25 and which engages
the inturned portion of the bead 2D. The surfaces
26 and 21, therefore, provide cooperating cam
faces which in conjunction with the flaring en
that the clamping mechanism be shiftable later
ally beyond the ñange edge and held within the
vertical limits of the angle member I3. Accord 20
ingly the pivot connections between the parts are
loose or sloppy and this enables the member 35
to be disengaged with the edge of the angle I3
and placed above the inturned flange. To hold
the parts outwardly the hand lever 33 is thrown
behind an angle clip 38 which through its fric
tional engagement prevents accidental displace
ment of the handle during return shipment of the
empty container and during the loading and
30 trance mouth of the fork facilitates easy inser
unloading of the panels.
tion of the offset and its downward movement to
final seating position on the hanger 23. A pair of
such hangers, one at each side of the container,
serve to support each roof panel individually in
the container. The engagement of the roof pan
els intermediate of their length with the suspen
sion hangers effects a distribution of the load in
the sense that the lower half of the panel is sus
pended in tension and the upper half supported
40 in compression and this avoids the distortion and
buckling ordinarily occurring when the panels are
rested on their longitudinal or transverse edges.
Inasmuch as these hangers 23 project inwardly
In order that the container may be universal
for use with panels of different dimensions, it is
proposed that the rails II and I2 be mounted
in the path of the panel during loading and un
loading the pivotal mounting enables them to
be swung outwardly out of interference at such
times when they are not in use. For this purpose
adjustably for height and width. Accordingly,
these rails at each side form a subassembly unit
and are joined at their ends to the vertically dis
posed angle irons 39 and are braced by diagonal
struts 4U. The two subassemblies along opposite
sides can then be fastened to the corner posts I0
at the desired vertical and transverse position by 40
a series of bolts and nuts as at 4I in Figure l1,
passing through alined openings in the inturned
leg of each angle 39 and its adjacent post I0. In
the illustrated embodiment, the post contains
three groups of four openings, respectively offset 45
vertically and transversely for selective align
the end of the hanger opposite the fork is welded
to a pivot pin 28 mounted in the adjacent up
right ilanges of a series of U-shaped stampings
29 carried by the base flange of the angle I2. In
order to avoid damage to the panels during load
ment with corresponding holes in the angle iron.
The outer and lowermost group is for fastening
the side frame to accommodate sedan roofs, the 50
intermediate group positions the frame as shown
for coach roofs, and the inner and uppermost
ing by their engagement with the hard edge of
the base flange of the angle I2 a wooden rub rail
group locates the frame for coupé roof, panels,
the variation in height being determined by the
30 is preferably bolted to the flange and projected
inwardly a slight distance beyond the edge. A
similar buffer is carried by the angle rail II.
To prevent displacement of the panels during
flanges 2I-22 in the individual types of roof
transit they are clamped against one another in
groups. It is proposed after say seven panels are
loaded, that they be clamped together and then
are loaded
clamped together in succession.
The clamping
mechanism is carried on each side of the con
tainer by the upper rails I3 and may consist of an
over center leverage device as shown in detail in
Figures 4, 8 and 9. Engagement with the roof
panel is through the drip channel 23a by a hook
3l connected by a link 32 with the hand lever 33.
The hand lever is pivoted to a block 34 and in the
clamped position of the parts, as shown in Figure
4, the opposite ends of the link 32 have their pivot
axes arranged on a line belowy the axis of the
swinging lever 34 so that an overcenter relation
75 is established which resists accidental displace
interruption or termination of the offset side 55
We claim:
l. A shipping container for containing a num
ber of vertically positioned automobile roof panels 60
which have shouldered oiîset portions along oppo
site sides, said container comprising a pair of
spaced side walls and a pair of end walls, detach
able connections between one of said end walls
and the side walls to enable loading and unload
ing of roof panels through an open end of the
container, longitudinal successions of forks car
ried by the side walls and arranged so that each
fork cooperates with an oppositely disposed fork
and the forks of each pair provide locating hang
ers to suspend a roof panel through engagement
with its offset portions, means pivotally mounting
said forks for outward swinging movement, and
a series of overcenter clamping devices carried by
each side wall for engagement, respectively, with
a given panel of a group to draw together the
panels of the group.
having a pair of outwardly ñaring tines, one of
2. In a shipping container for sheet metal
panels or the like, a pair of spaced side members,
a pair of panel suspending elements carried by
said members and adapted to engage the opposite
sides of a vertically positioned panel, additional
pairs of panel suspending elements carried in
spaced succession by the side members for indi*
10 vidually suspending other panels, and a series of
direction and the other of which has the opposite
side inclined laterally in the other direction.
6. In a shipping container having spaced sides,
devices on said sides for cooperation in pairs to
suspend individual panels of a group in vertical
position successively, means to clamp a group of
panels together including a movable member en
gageable with one panel and by its movement
drawing the group of panels together, and over
center linkage for holding said member in ad
clamping devices shiftable longitudinally of said
side members for engagement with individual
panels of successive groups to clamp the panels
together in groups.
3. Means toA suspend vertically a succession of
sheet panels, including a container having side
walls spaced apart a distance substantially cor
responding with the width of the panels, panel
suspending hooks arranged in pairs on the side
20 walls and each pair being adapted to engage
opposite edges of a panel intermediate the top
and bottom thereof, and means movably mount
ing the hooks for movement between load sus
pending position and an inoperative position out
25 of interference to the loading and unloading of
successive panels.
4. A shipping container to contain a number of
vertically disposed metal panels, having a pair of
spaced sides and an open end through which the
30 panels may be passed in succession, a pair of panel
suspending hooks carried by said sides to engage
the opposite edges of a panel, additional pairs of
hooks to suspend other panels, and means piv
otally mounting said last named hooks on said
sides for their individual swinging movement to
inoperative positions so as not to interfere with
the passage of the panels to and from suspended
position through the open end.
5. In a shipping container to contain a .number
40 of vertically disposed panels, a pair of spaced
sides to receive the panels therebetween, a series
of upwardly opening forks carried by said sides
and arranged in pairs to engage the panels along
opposite edges and suspend the same, each fork
which also has one side inclined laterally in one
justed position.
'7. In a shipping container having spaced sides,
devices 0n said sides for cooperation in pairs to 15
suspend individual panels of a group in vertical
position successively, means to clamp a group of
panels together including a movable member en
gageable with one panel and by its movement
drawing the group of panels together, an operat 20
ing lever for said member and means to lock the
lever in member clamping position.
8. For shipping sheet metal panels or the like,
a container adapted to receive a succession of
panels through an open end, devices on opposite 25
sides of the container arranged in pairs for indi
vidually suspending the panels in upright posi
tions successively through engagement with oppo
site edges of the panels intermediate the top and
bottom thereof and panel engaging means shift 30
able longitudinally of the container in vertically
spaced relation to said devices for clamping sus- ‘
pended panels together.
9. In a shipping container for sheet metal
panels or the like, a pair of spaced frames adapted
to receive vertically disposed panels therebetween,
seating devices carried by said frames to engage
and suspend the panels along their opposite edges
and means adjustably mounting said frames in
selective vertical and transverseV positions to 40
accommodate panels of different types.
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