Патент USA US2129951код для вставки
Sept. 13, 1 938. N. M. LoNEY ET Al. 25129,'951` Y ROOF CONTAINER Filed July 16, 1937 n l \ | \ | \ \ « \ \ \ | \ \ \ \ \ n | \ n | \ 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 \ gmc/whom m? , Sept. 13, 1938. N. M. LONEY ET AL 2,129,951 v ROOF CONTAINER v Filed July 16, 1937 ~ ` 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 ¿î @ifa @247215011 _ Sept. 13, 1938. N. M. LONEY ET AL RooF CONTAINER ' Filed July 16, 1937 25 - wl . . 29 ggg/25 /QÄ 2,129,951 ï 26 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 /ßß 25 il.j Patented Sept. 13, 41938 UNITED ST'i'ES PATET OFFIQE 2,129,951 ROOF CONTAINER Neil M. Loney, Huntington Woods, and William E. Van Berg and Otto Ferguson, Detroit, Mich., assignors to General Motors Corporation, De troit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Application July 16, 1937, Serial No. 153,902 9 Claims. (Cl. 211-13) This invention has to do with the shipment Additional objects and advantages of the in of sheet metal panels or the like and is con- vention will become apparent during the course cerned especially with the loading for transportation of formed roof decks of automobile bodies. 5 In the automobile body industry where the body assembly plant is located at a distance from the press shop there arises the problem of proper packing of stamped panels in the freight car or other conveyance to avoid damage in transit 10 and handling and to make best use of the space available fo-r loading the panels in large numbers. of the following specification having reference to the accompanying drawings wherein Figure 1 is an elevation of a loaded container; Figure 2 5 is an end View of the container; Figure 3 is a detail perspective view of a few of the suspen sion hangers; Figure 4 shows the clamping mech anism and is a View looking in the direction of the arrows on line 4-4 of Figure 2; Figure 5 10 is a sectional view taken on line 5_5 of Fig Accordingly it is here proposed to fit to the conventional freight c-ar a number of removable ure l; Figure 6 is a view looking in the direction of the arrows on line B-S of Figure 2; Figure 7 is an enlarged detail View of two adjacent hang ers; Figures 8 and 9 are detail perspectives of l5 the panel clamping mechanism in operative and containers which in the interest of durability 15 and continuous re-use, together with light weight and low cost of dunnage, are constructed of structural steel members welded together, each container comprising a pair of sides spaced apart inoperative positions, respectively; Figure 10` shows the clamp engaged with the roof and Fig ure 11 is a section taken on line Il_-ll of Fig a distance substantially corresponding to the 20 width of an individual panel to be loaded, to locate therebetween a succession of panels separately and vertically hung from the sides by a ure 1. 20 In the drawings the outline of a freight car in cross section is shown in Figure 1 wherein 2 series of suspension hangers arranged in pairs for engagement with the opposite edges of the 25 respective panels. Handling of the panels is iacilitated and l-abor reduced inasmuch as the con- indicates the floor, 3 the roof and 4 and 5 the side Walls. A loaded container is shown in po sition in the car, the containers being so con- 25 structed and proportioned that each is substan 30 tainers may be loaded and unloaded conveniently tially as long as the car is Wide and when placed outside the freight car and the loaded container side by side in> succession about nine containers moved to and from stowed position. will fill a standard size freight car. Among the objects of the invention is the provision of an improved hanger and mounting tainer is intended to hold approximately forty- 30 two roof decks positioned vertically and indi therefor. vidually suspended. Accordingly, each hanger comprises Each con a forked hook to engage an offset portion at the Each container consists of a skeleton frame edge o-f the panel about midway of its vertical work and the bottom is supported upon the floor '35 height and the hook has camming surfaces thereon partly in the form of a dared entrance by shoes 5_6. At suitable spaced intervals cross 35 bars 'l connect a pair of longitudinal I-beams 8 mouth to facilitate reception and guidance of the offset to seated position. Separate pivotal mountings for each fork enables the forks on 40 opposite sides to be swung in succession between an operative load carrying position and an inoperative position out of interference to the pas'sage of panels into and out of the container which together form a rectangular base. At the four corners of the base, gusset plates 9-9 sup port vertically extending posts ifi also of I-beam or channel section, and the posts on the two sides 40 are connected at vertically spaced intervals by the longitudinal rails il, I2 and i3. At one end the container is closed by aremovable gate com through an open end. 45 A further object of the invention is to provide an improved holding device to guard against shifting and displacement of loaded panels. A number of such devices are employed in vertically spaced relation with the suspension hooks 50 and each includes an operating handle and a shiftable member to eng-age one of a group of panels and by its movement to draw together the adjacent ends of the panels in the group and thereby securely locate the several panels through their contact one with another. prising cross members Ill-_i4 and vertical mem bers l5-i5. The end gate is removed to facilitate «l5 loading. It is held in place by a series of bolts i6 passing at vertically spaced intervals through alined openings in the side bars I5 and the web of the adjacent post it, each having a slotted end to receive the Wedge il, all as shown in Figure 5. 50 The bolt i6 also passes through a spacer sleeve i8 welded to the web of the post ill. The opposite end of the container may be closed by a similar structure preferably ñxedly secured to the adja cent vertical posts Iii-l0. 55 2 2,129,951 The roof decks I9, as seen in Figure 1, are ment. In addition a latch 35 pivoted to a bracket stamped metal panels which are curved both 36 is positioned in the path of the hand lever. ’I’he pivot mounting for the latch 35 is off-center longitudinally and transversely. Along opposite side edges a molding bead 20 is formed to consti tute in cooperation with the gutter piece 20a welded thereto, a drain channel or drip molding when the panel is assembled as an automobile and toward one side so that normally it hangs downwardly at an angle to the vertical. It is pushed back by its engagement with the descend ing lever until it is cleared when it returns to body top. In the forward portion of its length the locking relation and requires pushing back by bead 20 carries an angular` offset comprising a downturned portion 2l and an inturned flange 22. When placed in a vertical position the lower edge of the oiTset is utilized for the suspension of hand before the lever can be released. To guide the hook 3I on a straight line during 10 its movement to and from clamped position it has welded thereon an L-shaped member 3l which embraces the inner edge of the horizontal flange on the angle I3. This member also locates the hook 3| in the path of the drip molding 20a and 15 consequently to facilitate passage of the roof panels in and out of the container it is desirable the panel. 'I'his is shown best in Figure 3 where the lower 15 edge of the offset rests upon one end of a pivoted hanger 23 resting upon the bottom flange of the angle rail I2. 'I’he end which seats the panel offset has an upwardly open fork constituted by a pair of tines 24 and 25 bent away from each other 20 toward the top so as to provide an upwardly open ing flaring entrance mouth to receive the portion 2| of the offset. In addition the side face 2S of the tine 24 which engages with the inturned ñange 22 of the oifset tapers upwardly or recedes 25 in a direction opposite to a correspondingly in clined face 21 on the tine 25 and which engages the inturned portion of the bead 2D. The surfaces 26 and 21, therefore, provide cooperating cam faces which in conjunction with the flaring en that the clamping mechanism be shiftable later ally beyond the ñange edge and held within the vertical limits of the angle member I3. Accord 20 ingly the pivot connections between the parts are loose or sloppy and this enables the member 35 to be disengaged with the edge of the angle I3 and placed above the inturned flange. To hold the parts outwardly the hand lever 33 is thrown behind an angle clip 38 which through its fric tional engagement prevents accidental displace ment of the handle during return shipment of the empty container and during the loading and 30 trance mouth of the fork facilitates easy inser unloading of the panels. tion of the offset and its downward movement to final seating position on the hanger 23. A pair of such hangers, one at each side of the container, serve to support each roof panel individually in the container. The engagement of the roof pan els intermediate of their length with the suspen sion hangers effects a distribution of the load in the sense that the lower half of the panel is sus pended in tension and the upper half supported 40 in compression and this avoids the distortion and buckling ordinarily occurring when the panels are rested on their longitudinal or transverse edges. Inasmuch as these hangers 23 project inwardly In order that the container may be universal for use with panels of different dimensions, it is proposed that the rails II and I2 be mounted in the path of the panel during loading and un loading the pivotal mounting enables them to be swung outwardly out of interference at such times when they are not in use. For this purpose , adjustably for height and width. Accordingly, these rails at each side form a subassembly unit and are joined at their ends to the vertically dis posed angle irons 39 and are braced by diagonal struts 4U. The two subassemblies along opposite sides can then be fastened to the corner posts I0 at the desired vertical and transverse position by 40 a series of bolts and nuts as at 4I in Figure l1, passing through alined openings in the inturned leg of each angle 39 and its adjacent post I0. In the illustrated embodiment, the post contains three groups of four openings, respectively offset 45 vertically and transversely for selective align the end of the hanger opposite the fork is welded to a pivot pin 28 mounted in the adjacent up right ilanges of a series of U-shaped stampings 29 carried by the base flange of the angle I2. In order to avoid damage to the panels during load ment with corresponding holes in the angle iron. The outer and lowermost group is for fastening the side frame to accommodate sedan roofs, the 50 intermediate group positions the frame as shown for coach roofs, and the inner and uppermost ing by their engagement with the hard edge of the base flange of the angle I2 a wooden rub rail group locates the frame for coupé roof, panels, the variation in height being determined by the 30 is preferably bolted to the flange and projected inwardly a slight distance beyond the edge. A similar buffer is carried by the angle rail II. To prevent displacement of the panels during flanges 2I-22 in the individual types of roof transit they are clamped against one another in groups. It is proposed after say seven panels are loaded, that they be clamped together and then additional groups of seven are loaded clamped together in succession. and The clamping mechanism is carried on each side of the con tainer by the upper rails I3 and may consist of an over center leverage device as shown in detail in Figures 4, 8 and 9. Engagement with the roof panel is through the drip channel 23a by a hook 3l connected by a link 32 with the hand lever 33. The hand lever is pivoted to a block 34 and in the clamped position of the parts, as shown in Figure 4, the opposite ends of the link 32 have their pivot axes arranged on a line belowy the axis of the swinging lever 34 so that an overcenter relation 75 is established which resists accidental displace interruption or termination of the offset side 55 panels. We claim: l. A shipping container for containing a num ber of vertically positioned automobile roof panels 60 which have shouldered oiîset portions along oppo site sides, said container comprising a pair of spaced side walls and a pair of end walls, detach able connections between one of said end walls and the side walls to enable loading and unload ing of roof panels through an open end of the container, longitudinal successions of forks car ried by the side walls and arranged so that each fork cooperates with an oppositely disposed fork and the forks of each pair provide locating hang ers to suspend a roof panel through engagement with its offset portions, means pivotally mounting said forks for outward swinging movement, and a series of overcenter clamping devices carried by each side wall for engagement, respectively, with 2,129,951 3 a given panel of a group to draw together the panels of the group. having a pair of outwardly ñaring tines, one of 2. In a shipping container for sheet metal panels or the like, a pair of spaced side members, a pair of panel suspending elements carried by said members and adapted to engage the opposite sides of a vertically positioned panel, additional pairs of panel suspending elements carried in spaced succession by the side members for indi* 10 vidually suspending other panels, and a series of direction and the other of which has the opposite side inclined laterally in the other direction. 6. In a shipping container having spaced sides, devices on said sides for cooperation in pairs to suspend individual panels of a group in vertical position successively, means to clamp a group of panels together including a movable member en gageable with one panel and by its movement drawing the group of panels together, and over center linkage for holding said member in ad clamping devices shiftable longitudinally of said side members for engagement with individual panels of successive groups to clamp the panels together in groups. 15 3. Means toA suspend vertically a succession of sheet panels, including a container having side walls spaced apart a distance substantially cor responding with the width of the panels, panel suspending hooks arranged in pairs on the side 20 walls and each pair being adapted to engage opposite edges of a panel intermediate the top and bottom thereof, and means movably mount ing the hooks for movement between load sus pending position and an inoperative position out 25 of interference to the loading and unloading of successive panels. 4. A shipping container to contain a number of vertically disposed metal panels, having a pair of spaced sides and an open end through which the 30 panels may be passed in succession, a pair of panel suspending hooks carried by said sides to engage the opposite edges of a panel, additional pairs of hooks to suspend other panels, and means piv otally mounting said last named hooks on said sides for their individual swinging movement to inoperative positions so as not to interfere with the passage of the panels to and from suspended position through the open end. 5. In a shipping container to contain a .number 40 of vertically disposed panels, a pair of spaced sides to receive the panels therebetween, a series of upwardly opening forks carried by said sides and arranged in pairs to engage the panels along opposite edges and suspend the same, each fork which also has one side inclined laterally in one justed position. '7. In a shipping container having spaced sides, devices 0n said sides for cooperation in pairs to 15 suspend individual panels of a group in vertical position successively, means to clamp a group of panels together including a movable member en gageable with one panel and by its movement drawing the group of panels together, an operat 20 ing lever for said member and means to lock the lever in member clamping position. 8. For shipping sheet metal panels or the like, a container adapted to receive a succession of panels through an open end, devices on opposite 25 sides of the container arranged in pairs for indi vidually suspending the panels in upright posi tions successively through engagement with oppo site edges of the panels intermediate the top and bottom thereof and panel engaging means shift 30 able longitudinally of the container in vertically spaced relation to said devices for clamping sus- ‘ pended panels together. 9. In a shipping container for sheet metal panels or the like, a pair of spaced frames adapted to receive vertically disposed panels therebetween, seating devices carried by said frames to engage and suspend the panels along their opposite edges and means adjustably mounting said frames in selective vertical and transverseV positions to 40 accommodate panels of different types. ‘ NEIL M. LONEY. WILLIAM E. VAN BERG. OTTO FERGUSON.