Патент USA US2130056код для вставки
Sept. 13, i938. ' B. F. AUSTIN 2 .In 3 0 0., 5 6 BURIAL APPARATUS Filed Feb. 26, 1957' à a É v 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Sept. 13, 1938. B, F. AUSTIN 2,130,056 BURIAL APPARATUS Filed Feb. 26, 1957 /l l ‘Ilw. 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Sept. 13, 1938 UNITE 2,130,056 ATENT @Fili STÀTS 2,130,056 BURIAL APPARATUS Benjamin F. Austin, East Gastonia, N. C‘. Application February 26, 1937, Serial No. 127,976 kl. Claim. This invention relates to a burial apparatus for use in lowering caskets into a grave and more especially to one which comprises a carriage so constructed that itA will travel upon a suitable trackway arranged near the grave. It is therefore an object of >this invention to (Cl. 27-32) It is a still further objectof this invention to provide a burial apparatus comprising a trackway having a casket carriage mounted thereon, with means disposed on said trackway for stopping said carriage in a position where the casket is adapted to be lowerd into the grave and a second means, provide an apparatus of the class described which may be used for lowering the casket into the grave manually operated, for securing the carriage in this lowering posititon to prevent any rearward in a dignified and solemn manner in keeping with the nature of the ceremony, without the necessity operation. of the pall'bearers approaching too close to the or forward movement thereof during the lowering Some of the objects of the invention having edge of the grave >and running the risk of the edge thereof caving in. In order to eliminate this danger it is necessary to provide a trackway lead 15 ing up to the grave and a carriage for travelling on said trackway which can be used for placing the casket thereon. Of course the casket will be placed upon the carriage when the carriage is positioned on the trackway at a point removed been stated, other objects will appear as the de 20 from the lowering position. This will eliminate the necessity of the pall bearers approaching the edges of the grave. Also by providing a carriage the lowering position; for transporting or conveying the casket over the grave, it will prevent the walking on the artificial 25 grass which is usually placed around the grave as an ornament. Furthermore it will make it un Figure 1 is an isometric view of a burial appa ratusset up near a grave; Figure 2 is an elevation looking at the near side of Figure 1 but showing the grave and surrounding earth in section and also showing the carriage in ' 3-3 in Figure 1; Figure 4 is asectional plan view taken along the line 4--4 in Figure 3 showing the central portion of the trackway and also showing the latching 25 bereaved family and the casket prior to the lower ing of the casket into the grave. the line 5-5 in Figure 4; K ' Figure 6 is a sectional View taken along the line 30 It is a further object of this invention to pro vide a burial apparatus comprising a trackway extending longitudinally on each side of the grave 6_6 in Figure 4; and for some distance from one end of the grave .adjustable rail shoes which is slidably mounted in and a _carriage for travelling on the trackway said 35 carriage having its wheels encircled in a suitable housing, the lower end of which projects down past each side of the tracks and to a point below the lower edge of the wheels, thereby concealing 20 Figure 3 is a sectional view taken along the line means for holding the carriage in position when it has been moved to lowering position; Figure 5 is a sectional detail view taken along necessary for any one to pass between the 30 scription proceeds when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which ' ` Figure 7 is an isometric view of one of the suitable cross ties and supports rails which are placed thereon; . the wheels from view and at the same time pro 40 viding suitable safety guides which will prevent Figure 8 is a sectional view through the grave showing the lowering device in use where it is impossible to use the trackway. Referring more specifically to the drawings the numeral I6 denotes a suitable pit into which the wheels from leaving the tracks. By providing the burial casket is lowered, said pit having placed housings with wheels therein beneath the carriage with the lower surfaces thereof disposed below the lowermost edges of the wheels, it is possible to use at each end thereof suitable ties I I for supporting rails I2 and i3. Each of the ties II are U-shaped in cross section and have their upper ends partial 45 45 the lowering device in the conventional stationary manner and eliminate the trackway should the conditions be such as to demand it. It is a further object of this invention to provide a burial apparatus comprising a trackway for carrying a casket carriage, said trackway com prising a pair of rails which are adjustably mounted relative to each other on suitable cross ties in order to make the same conform to differ ent carriage gauges and diiferent widths of 55 graves. ly enclosed by inturned flanges Ila and IIb. Suitable shoes I5 are slidably mounted in these cross ties, said shoes having longitudinal grooves I7 and I8 in the side portions thereof into which the inturned portions I Ia and I Ih` respectively are 50 adapted to ñt. A set screw I9 is threadably se cured in the upper side of the shoe I5, the lower end of said screw being adapted to engage the top side of flange I Ih when it is desired to iix the shoe in position. This shoe has a transverse slot 55 2 2,130,056 20 therein into which tracks I2 or I3 are adapted normally in the position shown in Figures l, 4 and to ñt. In order to hold the rails in position after they 5, but when the carriage has moved to a posi tion where the foremost housings 30 engage the stops 36, then the trailing housings 30 will be dis have been inserted into the slots and also to prevent any relative movement longitudinally of the trackway between the rails and the shoe, a suitable pin 22 has been inserted in the shoes I5 at a point slightly above bottom of slot 20. 'I‘he tracks I2 and I3 have notches in their lower sides which are adapted to ñt over the pins 22 (Figure 6) to hold the parts in position. It is also neces sary to prevent the rails I2 and I3 from becoming separated; therefore the ends of these rails have posed on the trackway I2 with their center line midway between the prongs 42 and 43. At this time the latch 38 is tripped to the dotted line position as shown in Figure 5 which will prevent the housing from moving in either direction upon the trackway. 15 notched portions I 2a and I 3b on rails I2 and I3 10 The prongs 42 and 43 of the latch 38 are actu ated by a suitable spring 44 which spring has one end thereof secured to the bracket 39 and the other end to prongs 42. When the prongs are in the bold line position as shown in Figure 5, the 15 When the rails are mounted in its desired posi tion a suitable carriage 25 is placed thereon. This carriage is adjustable both as to width and as to length in order to accommodate different sizes of graves, and it comprises adjustable side members 26 and adjustable end members 21 which mem bers are joined together by corner posts 28. Se cured to the lower surface of each corner post 28 line of force exerted by said spring falls below the pivot 4I and therefore holds the latch against the lower side of the stop 39a, which is integral with bracket 31. When the latch 38 is pulled upwardly by the 20 undertaker’s foot during the burial ceremony to a point where the line of force falls above the pin 4I, then the prongs 42 and 43 will be drawn to the dotted line position in Figure 5 where the been notched thereby forming interlocking respectively. 2.5 by any suitable means such as screws or bolts 29 prongs will be disposed on opposed sides of hous is a housing 3D, said housing having rotatably ing 3U to lock the carriage in position. It is there fore seen that this latch may be easily operated without the necessity of the director stooping to operate the same. In order to enable the latch members 42 and 43 to be removed from the path 30 of the wheels without the attendant stooping over, a projection 43a is provided which may be pressed by the foot of the attendant. In the drawings and specification there has 25 mounted therein flanged wheels 3I which are adapted to travel upon tracks I2 and I3. It will be noted that the lower surface of each housing 3U is flat and extends down a substantial dis tance below the lower edge of pulley 3 I. In order to allow the pulley to properly engage the tracks a suitable slot 33 has been cut in opposed sides of the housing 30 and these slots fall astride of the track and form additional guiding means for preventing the carriage from running off of the track. This method of construction also provides been set forth a preferred embodiment of the 35 invention, and although specific terms are em ployed, they are used in a generic and descriptive a housing which conceals the wheels from view and thereby radds to the smoothness and general sense only, and not for purposes of limitation, the scope of the invention being set forth in the ap 40 appearance of the ceremony. pended claim. A casket 34 is placed upon the usual lowering straps 35 when the carriage is in the position shown in Figure 1. Thereafter the carriage is moved longitudinally of the trackways to the po sition shown in Figure 2. after which it is lowered into the grave pit IU. ' In order to insure that the carriage will be stopped at the proper position for lowering, suit able stops 36 have been adjustably secured to the 50 rails I2 by any suitable means such as set screws 31. These stops are adjusted in position prior to the ceremony- When the housings 30 engage these stops, then the Vcasket 34 will be in the proper position for lowering. It is desirable then to secure the carriage against any backward movement during the lowering operation; there fore a latch 38 has been provided which com prises a bracket 39 adjustably secured to rail I2 by any suitable means such as set screw 40. The bracket 39 has pivotally secured in one end thereof a pin 4I, the ends of said pin having prongs 42 and 43 secured thereon. The prongs 42 and 43 are 40 I claim: An attachment for the legs of a burial ap paratus lowering mechanism wherein the lowering mechanism comprises a carriage having four legs, the lower ends of which are provided with grooved 45 rollers for engagement with a trackway, said at tachment comprising a base member having an enlarged upper surface serving to contact and support the lower ends of the legs of a burial ap paratus, said attachment also having a broad 50 lower ilat surface provided with a groove bisect ing said lower surface, a grooved roller mounted in said groove, the lowerrnost portion of the roller being disposed above the plane defined by the lower surface of said attachment, whereby the 55 groove in said lower surface will act as a guide for the roller when the lowering mechanism is disposed on a trackway, and the broad lower sur face will hold the roller out of contact with the ground when the lowering mechanism is not dis 60 posed on a trackway. BENJAMIN F. AUSTIN.