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Патент USA US2130056

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Sept. 13, i938.
2 .In 3 0 0., 5 6
Filed Feb. 26, 1957'
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Sept. 13, 1938.
Filed Feb. 26, 1957
/l l ‘Ilw.
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Sept. 13, 1938
Benjamin F. Austin, East Gastonia, N. C‘.
Application February 26, 1937, Serial No. 127,976
kl. Claim.
This invention relates to a burial apparatus for
use in lowering caskets into a grave and more
especially to one which comprises a carriage so
constructed that itA will travel upon a suitable
trackway arranged near the grave.
It is therefore an object of >this invention to
(Cl. 27-32)
It is a still further objectof this invention to
provide a burial apparatus comprising a trackway
having a casket carriage mounted thereon, with
means disposed on said trackway for stopping said
carriage in a position where the casket is adapted
to be lowerd into the grave and a second means,
provide an apparatus of the class described which
may be used for lowering the casket into the grave
manually operated, for securing the carriage in
this lowering posititon to prevent any rearward
in a dignified and solemn manner in keeping with
the nature of the ceremony, without the necessity
of the pall'bearers approaching too close to the
or forward movement thereof during the lowering
Some of the objects of the invention having
edge of the grave >and running the risk of the edge
thereof caving in. In order to eliminate this
danger it is necessary to provide a trackway lead
15 ing up to the grave and a carriage for travelling
on said trackway which can be used for placing
the casket thereon. Of course the casket will be
placed upon the carriage when the carriage is
positioned on the trackway at a point removed
been stated, other objects will appear as the de
20 from the lowering position. This will eliminate
the necessity of the pall bearers approaching the
edges of the grave. Also by providing a carriage
the lowering position;
for transporting or conveying the casket over the
grave, it will prevent the walking on the artificial
25 grass which is usually placed around the grave as
an ornament. Furthermore it will make it un
Figure 1 is an isometric view of a burial appa
ratusset up near a grave;
Figure 2 is an elevation looking at the near side
of Figure 1 but showing the grave and surrounding
earth in section and also showing the carriage in
3-3 in Figure 1;
Figure 4 is asectional plan view taken along the
line 4--4 in Figure 3 showing the central portion
of the trackway and also showing the latching 25
bereaved family and the casket prior to the lower
ing of the casket into the grave.
the line 5-5 in Figure 4;
Figure 6 is a sectional View taken along the line 30
It is a further object of this invention to pro
vide a burial apparatus comprising a trackway
extending longitudinally on each side of the grave
6_6 in Figure 4;
and for some distance from one end of the grave
.adjustable rail shoes which is slidably mounted in
and a _carriage for travelling on the trackway said
35 carriage having its wheels encircled in a suitable
housing, the lower end of which projects down
past each side of the tracks and to a point below
the lower edge of the wheels, thereby concealing
Figure 3 is a sectional view taken along the line
means for holding the carriage in position when
it has been moved to lowering position;
Figure 5 is a sectional detail view taken along
necessary for any one to pass between the
scription proceeds when taken in connection with
the accompanying drawings, in which
Figure 7 is an isometric view of one of the
suitable cross ties and supports rails which are
placed thereon;
the wheels from view and at the same time pro
40 viding suitable safety guides which will prevent
Figure 8 is a sectional view through the grave
showing the lowering device in use where it is
impossible to use the trackway.
Referring more specifically to the drawings
the numeral I6 denotes a suitable pit into which
the wheels from leaving the tracks. By providing
the burial casket is lowered, said pit having placed
housings with wheels therein beneath the carriage
with the lower surfaces thereof disposed below the
lowermost edges of the wheels, it is possible to use
at each end thereof suitable ties I I for supporting
rails I2 and i3. Each of the ties II are U-shaped
in cross section and have their upper ends partial 45
45 the lowering device in the conventional stationary
manner and eliminate the trackway should the
conditions be such as to demand it.
It is a further object of this invention to provide
a burial apparatus comprising a trackway for
carrying a casket carriage, said trackway com
prising a pair of rails which are adjustably
mounted relative to each other on suitable cross
ties in order to make the same conform to differ
ent carriage gauges and diiferent widths of
55 graves.
ly enclosed by inturned flanges Ila and IIb.
Suitable shoes I5 are slidably mounted in these
cross ties, said shoes having longitudinal grooves
I7 and I8 in the side portions thereof into which
the inturned portions I Ia and I Ih` respectively are 50
adapted to ñt. A set screw I9 is threadably se
cured in the upper side of the shoe I5, the lower
end of said screw being adapted to engage the
top side of flange I Ih when it is desired to iix the
shoe in position. This shoe has a transverse slot 55
20 therein into which tracks I2 or I3 are adapted
normally in the position shown in Figures l, 4 and
to ñt.
In order to hold the rails in position after they
5, but when the carriage has moved to a posi
tion where the foremost housings 30 engage the
stops 36, then the trailing housings 30 will be dis
have been inserted into the slots and also to
prevent any relative movement longitudinally of
the trackway between the rails and the shoe, a
suitable pin 22 has been inserted in the shoes I5 at
a point slightly above bottom of slot 20. 'I‘he
tracks I2 and I3 have notches in their lower sides
which are adapted to ñt over the pins 22 (Figure
6) to hold the parts in position. It is also neces
sary to prevent the rails I2 and I3 from becoming
separated; therefore the ends of these rails have
posed on the trackway I2 with their center line
midway between the prongs 42 and 43. At this
time the latch 38 is tripped to the dotted line
position as shown in Figure 5 which will prevent
the housing from moving in either direction upon
the trackway.
15 notched portions I 2a and I 3b on rails I2 and I3
The prongs 42 and 43 of the latch 38 are actu
ated by a suitable spring 44 which spring has one
end thereof secured to the bracket 39 and the
other end to prongs 42. When the prongs are in
the bold line position as shown in Figure 5, the 15
When the rails are mounted in its desired posi
tion a suitable carriage 25 is placed thereon. This
carriage is adjustable both as to width and as to
length in order to accommodate different sizes of
graves, and it comprises adjustable side members
26 and adjustable end members 21 which mem
bers are joined together by corner posts 28. Se
cured to the lower surface of each corner post 28
line of force exerted by said spring falls below the
pivot 4I and therefore holds the latch against
the lower side of the stop 39a, which is integral
with bracket 31.
When the latch 38 is pulled upwardly by the 20
undertaker’s foot during the burial ceremony to
a point where the line of force falls above the
pin 4I, then the prongs 42 and 43 will be drawn
to the dotted line position in Figure 5 where the
by any suitable means such as screws or bolts 29
prongs will be disposed on opposed sides of hous
is a housing 3D, said housing having rotatably
ing 3U to lock the carriage in position. It is there
fore seen that this latch may be easily operated
without the necessity of the director stooping to
operate the same. In order to enable the latch
members 42 and 43 to be removed from the path 30
of the wheels without the attendant stooping over,
a projection 43a is provided which may be pressed
by the foot of the attendant.
In the drawings and specification there has
mounted therein flanged wheels 3I which are
adapted to travel upon tracks I2 and I3. It will
be noted that the lower surface of each housing
3U is flat and extends down a substantial dis
tance below the lower edge of pulley 3 I. In order
to allow the pulley to properly engage the tracks
a suitable slot 33 has been cut in opposed sides
of the housing 30 and these slots fall astride of
the track and form additional guiding means for
preventing the carriage from running off of the
track. This method of construction also provides
been set forth a preferred embodiment of the 35
invention, and although specific terms are em
ployed, they are used in a generic and descriptive
a housing which conceals the wheels from view
and thereby radds to the smoothness and general
sense only, and not for purposes of limitation, the
scope of the invention being set forth in the ap
40 appearance of the ceremony.
pended claim.
A casket 34 is placed upon the usual lowering
straps 35 when the carriage is in the position
shown in Figure 1. Thereafter the carriage is
moved longitudinally of the trackways to the po
sition shown in Figure 2. after which it is lowered
into the grave pit IU.
In order to insure that the carriage will be
stopped at the proper position for lowering, suit
able stops 36 have been adjustably secured to the
50 rails I2 by any suitable means such as set screws
31. These stops are adjusted in position prior
to the ceremony- When the housings 30 engage
these stops, then the Vcasket 34 will be in the
proper position for lowering. It is desirable then
to secure the carriage against any backward
movement during the lowering operation; there
fore a latch 38 has been provided which com
prises a bracket 39 adjustably secured to rail I2 by
any suitable means such as set screw 40.
bracket 39 has pivotally secured in one end thereof
a pin 4I, the ends of said pin having prongs 42
and 43 secured thereon. The prongs 42 and 43 are
I claim:
An attachment for the legs of a burial ap
paratus lowering mechanism wherein the lowering
mechanism comprises a carriage having four legs,
the lower ends of which are provided with grooved 45
rollers for engagement with a trackway, said at
tachment comprising a base member having an
enlarged upper surface serving to contact and
support the lower ends of the legs of a burial ap
paratus, said attachment also having a broad 50
lower ilat surface provided with a groove bisect
ing said lower surface, a grooved roller mounted
in said groove, the lowerrnost portion of the roller
being disposed above the plane defined by the
lower surface of said attachment, whereby the 55
groove in said lower surface will act as a guide
for the roller when the lowering mechanism is
disposed on a trackway, and the broad lower sur
face will hold the roller out of contact with the
ground when the lowering mechanism is not dis 60
posed on a trackway.
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