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Патент USA US2130074

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Patented Sept. 13, 1938
James G. Delfox, Flushing, N. Y., assignor to
Poor & Company, New York, N. Y., a corpora
tion of New York
Application June 4, 1937, Serial No.14e,476
(Cl. 238—349)
which preferably has its upper portion straight
This invention relates to improvements in sup
porting and retaining means for railway rails, and and disposed vertically and its lower portion in
has particular reference to an improved tie plate clined downwardly and inwardly, as indicated at
1 Claim.
and rail retaining clip combination of the gen
5 eral character disclosed in prior Hill and Arm
strong Patents Nos. 2,042,464 and 1,839,725,
Generally speaking, the object of the invention
is to provide a tie plate and rail retaining clip
in combination of the type disclosed by the Hill and
Armstrong patents, and which posssesses all of the
principal advantages of said prior combinations,
and which, additionally possesses the advan
ber therefor designated as I6.
The members I5 are formed from ?at stock of 10.
suitable thickness and width and are so shaped
that they may be very economically produced by
simple bending operations.
tions than the essentially forged or equivalently
produced holding and locking members of the
the member by a resilient loop or eye l9; the
With the foregoing and other objects in view,
which will become more fully apparent as the
nature of the invention is better understood, the
tion, combination and arrangement of parts as
{,5 will be hereinafter more fully described, illus
trated in the accompanying drawing and de?ned
in the appended claim.
In the accompanying drawing, wherein like
characters of reference denote corresponding
30 parts in the different views:
Figure 1 is a transverse section through a tie
plate and rail illustratingthe fastening and hold
ing members comprising the present improved
clip; and
Figure 2 is a top plan view of the combination
of elements shown in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a detailed view of a modi?cation of
the invention.
Referring to the drawing in detail, A desig~
nates, generally, the tie plate of the present rail
supporting and retaining combination and B
designates, generally, a rail seated on said tie
The tie plate A is designed to rest upon and
45 to be secured in any suitable manner to a cross
' tie and is of a known type comprising a base I0
having rising therefrom a pair of spaced, par
allel ribs II, II de?ning therebetween a rail seat
and providing abutments for cooperation with
base plate A and with each other, is a rail hold
ing member designated as I5 and a locking mem
In forming the rail holding member I5 the
stock comprising the -' same is bent downwardly 15.:
upon itself to provide inner and outer arms II and
same consists in the novel features of construc
detachable interlocking engagement with the
tage that the‘ holding and locking members com
prising the clip may be more economically pro
duced from ?at stock by simple bending opera
said prior combinations.
Provided for use in each of the openings I3, for '5‘
the edges of the base ?anges I2 of the rail B to
hold the latter against lateral movement.
Outwardly of each rib II the base III has
formed therethrough an opening I3 the outer de
?ning wall of which preferably is straight and
disposed vertically and the inner de?ning wall of
I8, respectively, connected together at the top of
lower or free end portion of the inner arm I1 is
bent to extend inwardly and at a slight upward 20,
inclination, as indicated at 20; the upper portion
of the outer arm I8 is bent outwardly from the
lower portion of the eye I9 to provide an outward
ly facing arcuate depression'ZI directly below said
eye; the lower portion of said outer arm I8, which 25
portion is straight, is bent relative to the upper
portion of said arm to extend vertically down
ward therefrom, and at its lower end the said
lower portion of said outer arm is bent inwardly
to provide at the inner side thereof a downwardly 30
and inwardly inclined face 22.
In forming the locking member I6 a straight
piece of stock of the same dimensions as the stock
comprising the member I5, simply is bent to pro
vide at its upper end an eye or loop 23 from 35
which the straight shank 24 of the member ex
tends downwardly. In this connection it will be
observed that the shank 24 is disposed in the me
dial plane of the eye or loop 23 and that the
outer faces of the latter are disposed outwardly 40
of the planes of the outer faces of the shank. It
will also be observed that the eye 23 is of a diam
eter such that its outer face conforms in curva
ture to the arcuately curved depression 2| of the
upper portion of the arm I8 of the member I5 45
so that when the shank 24 of the member IB is
disposed against the straight lower portion of the
arm I8 of the member I5 the eye or loop 23 ?ts
snugly within the depression 2|. It will further
be observed that the width of each of the open‘- 50
ings I3 in the tie plate A is such as snugly to ac
commodate the lower straight portion of the arm
I8 of the member I5 and the shank 24 of the
member I6 when said portion and shank are dis
posed in face to face abutting relationship.
Assuming that the tie plate A is fastened upon
a tie and that a rail is seated upon the tie plate
between the ribs II, II, it is apparent that ap
plication of each pair of the members I5 and I6
in to the tie plate to retain the rail thereon may
quickly and easily be effected ?rst by disposing
the members I5 with their arms I'I extending
inwardly toward the rail; by then inserting the
straight, lower end portions‘ of the arms I8'of
said members into the ‘openings I3 'to bringthe
arms I‘! downwardly upon the tops of the rail
?anges, and by then entering the shanks 24 of
the members I6 into the holes I3 outwardly of
the arms I8 of the members I5 and driving said
members I6 downwardly until the inner portions
of their edges 23 snap into the arcuate recesses
2| of the members I5. Obviously, this results in
the lower portions of the arms ‘I8 of' the mem
bers I5 being held against outward movement,
inwardly inclined locking tip 22 of the rail hold
ing member I5. Otherwise the construction and
function of the parts are the same as described
in connection with Fig. 1 of the drawing.
Without further description it is thought that GI
the features and advantages of the invention will
be readily apparent to those skilled in the art,
and it will of course be understood that changes
in the form‘, proportion and minor details of con
struction may be‘resorted to, without departing
from the spirit of the invention and scope of the,
appended claim.
I claim:
In combination, a tie plate having a rail seat
and an opening at the side of said seat, a shoul
lder inwardly of the face de?ning the inner side
of said opening, a rail seated on said tie plate,
a holding member of ?at stock having an eye
or loop at the top thereof, an outer arm extend
ing downwardly from said loop and having its
of the members I5 underlie the inclined faces‘ lower end portion disposed in said opening, an
I4 of the tie plate the members I5 manifestly inner arm extending from said eye or loop into
are held against upward movement. Equally ob
overlying relationship to the rail ?ange, the up
vious is the fact that the locking members are per portion vof said outer arm being bent first
25 held against lateral movement and against up
upwardly and inwardly and then upwardly and
ward movement due to the seating of the inner
outwardly into mergence with the outer portion
portions of their eyes in the arcuate recesses 2I
of said loop to provide an outwardly facing de
20 and since the lips at the bottoms of the arms I8
of the members I5.
The stock comprising the members I5 and I6
30 is resilient and because of the shapes of said
members they readily yield during driving of the
members I6 to permit application of the latter.
Moreover, because of the shape of the members,
I5 as illustrated and described, the arms I‘! of
35 said members are readily yieldable so as not to
interfere with the natural wave motion imparted
to the rail when tra?ic passes thereover.
A modi?cation of the invention is illustrated
in Fig. 3 wherein is shown the feature of a bev
40 eled rib 25 being formed at the underside of the
tie plate and having its downwardly and in
wardly inclined face 26 disposed adjacent and
below the inner wall of the opening I3 of the tie
plate so as to be engaged by the downwardly and
pression, the lower portion of said outer am
being straight and having its outer face disposed
outwardly of the outermost portion of said eye 30
or loop,va locking member of ?at stock having a
shank disposed in said opening outwardly of the
outer arm of the holding member and holding
said arm against outward movement, the lower
end of the outer arm of the holding member being 35
bent inwardly and underlying said shoulder,
whereby the holding member is held against up
ward movement, and a. loop or eye at the top of
the locking member'having the inner portion
thereof disposed inwardly of the shank of said
locking member and seated in the depression of 40
the holding member and holding the locking
member against upward movement.
Patent No. 2450,0714‘.
Septemberl}, 1958.
. ,mms G“. DsLFox.
It is hereby certified that the state of incolrporation ef theassignee
v ‘in the above mnnbered patent was erroneously deseribed and specified. as
New York whereas said state should have been described and specified as
Delaware, as shewn by the record of assignments in this office ;- and that
the said Letters Patent should be read with this coi'rection therein‘that
the same may confer-into the record of the ease in the Patent Office.
Signed and sealed this lstday of November, A. D. 1958.
Henry Van Arsdale
Acting Conmissiener of Patents.
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