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Патент USA US2130167

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Sept 13» 1933'
A. K. WEISKITTEL
ZJBOJG?
STOVE CONSTRUCTION
Filed June 5, 1936
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
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Sept 13, 1938.
A. K. WEISKITTEL
2,13%,167
STOVE CONSTRUCTION
Filed June 5, 1936
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
Sept. 113, N38.
A. K. WEESKITTEL
2,130,167
STOVE CONSTRUCTION
Filed June 5, 1936
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A. K. WEiSKiTTEL
ZJBOJO?
STOVE CONSTRUCTION
Filed June 5,91956
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4 Sheets-Sheet 4
2,130,167
Patented Sept. 13, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT osrics
2,130,167
STOVE CONSTRUCTION
Anton K. Weiskittel, Baltimore, Md., assignor to
Harry 0. Weiskittel Co. Inc., Baltimore, Md., a
corporation of Maryland
Application June 5, 1936, Serial No. 83,799
13 Claims. (Cl. 126-339)
My invention relates to stove construction, and
out position;
for cooking stoves. '
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the same stove
with the oven door shut and the pull out con
struction concealed on the inside of the stove;
Heretofore it has been di?icult to inspect food
Ca being cooked in the ordinary cooking stove ovens,
as it was necessary to slide out the shelf on which
the food was resting by manual manipulation.
The shelf was of course hot and had to be handled
with a protective device for the hand. At the
10 same time there was danger of burning the
hands, as well as inconvenience in time consumed
in making the inspection since the shelves with
their heavy weight of food upon them were often
There was further danger that the shelf would
be pulled out too far, allowing the‘ food to be
spilled on the floor. These and other incon
veniences and disadvantages of former construc
tions are in a large measure overcome by the
20 present construction.
It is an object of my invention to devise an
oven wherein the food on the shelves can be
readily inspected at all times during the cooking
operation.
A further object of the invention is to devise a
construction which will move out the shelf or
support on which food is resting so that it will
project beyond the front of the oven and can be
readily inspected.
30
‘
' 5
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken through the
oven and the pull out construction showing the
position of the parts in the pulled out position;
Fig. 4 is a view taken along the line 4-4 of
Figure 3, looking in the direction of the arrows; 10
Fig. 5 is a view taken along the line 5—5 of
Figure 3, looking in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 6 is a detail perspective view of one of the
holding members, and a portion of the sliding
hard to move.
15
ing my pull out oven construction in the pulled
more particularly to the construction of ovens
Yet another object of the invention is to pro
vide a construction which will accomplish the
above, which is simple, sturdy and inexpensive
support;
15
Fig. 7 is a. view taken along the line 1-1 of
Figure 5, looking in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 8 is a detail perspective view of a modi
?cation of the sliding support member equipped
with a novel form of shelf support frame.
20
Referring to the drawings I have shown a
stove l having an oven 2 having side oven walls
3 and 4. On the side oven walls are grooved
tracks 5 in which are adapted to slide shelves 8
which are generally of the usual open bar con- 25
struction. The oven is provided with a top ‘I.
The side walls 3 and 4 and the top ‘I are in
sulated, as indicated in the drawings, with some
suitable insulating material. The lower portion
of the side wall 4, which I have designated by 30
the numeral 8, is not insulated, as it abuts against
a compartment 9 in which is adapted to be placed
food to be kept hot.
to manufacture.
A still further object of the invention is to
provide a construction which is easy to repair
and replace and in which there are few operating
bottom I0 which is provided with airholes, not 35
parts.
element of the usual construction H, which lies
With these and other objects in view, which
may be incident to my improvements, the inven
tion consists in the parts and combinations to be
hereinafter set forth and claimed, with the
understanding that the several necessary ele
ments comprising my invention may be varied in
under a, baille plate l2 composed of a lower me
tallic sheet member l3 and an upper metallic
sheet member l4. The upper metallic sheet 40
member I4 is riveted or otherwise suitably at
tached to an insulated rear wall l5 of the oven 2,
and also at the front end to a front wall construc
construction,
proportions
and
arrangement,
without departing from the spirit and scope of
the appended claims.
The oven is provided with a metallic sheet
shown.
There is placed in the oven a heating
tion l6, which comprises a relatively narrow
strip across the front of the oven.
45
in their useful applications to the particular con
There is provided an aperture H in the front
wall in which is adapted to slide a sliding frame
l8 having an insulated front wall l9 which ?ts‘
within the aperture ll of the oven front wall l6
when the sliding support I8 is in the closed posi- 50
tion. Hinged on the front wall I6 is an insulated
structions, which, for the purpose of explana
oven door 20.
tion, have been made the subject of illustration.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a stove show
Attached at one side of the front wall IQ of the
sliding support I8 is an upstanding handle sup
port 2| which substantially at its mid-point car- 55
In order to make my invention more clearly
understood, I have shown in the accompanying
drawings means for carrying the same into prac
50 tical eifect without limiting the improvements
2
2,130,167
ries a handle 22. The handle 22 can be grasped
by the hand of the user and the sliding support
I8 either slid into the oven or pulled out. In
the inner position the door 20 is closed, as shown
in Figure 2. In the outer position the sliding
support I8 carries with it the shelf 6.
Carried at the back of the sliding support I8
are two members 23 which may be fastened by
bolts 24 to the inside of a tray 25', which is fas
10 tened at its front end to the front I9 of the
sliding support I8.~--.These two members 23 are
of ?at metal and are provided with forwardly
extending arms 25. The members 23 are notched,
as indicated at 26. A roasting oven bottom 21
of sheet metal has a downturned ?ange 28 which
?ts into the notches 26 of the members 23, and
the downturned ?ange 29 which ?ts over the
end of the arms 25. The bottom 21 of the roast
ing oven can be used to support food being
20 cooked, as also can any of the shelves 6.
Holding members 30 are attached by bolts 3|
to the members 723. The holding members com
prise upstanding arms 32 having inwardly pro
jecting lugs 33 which ?t over slots 34 formed
in sliding lock members 35. The lugs 33 are
provided with ‘enlarged heads which prevent them
from coming out of the slots 34. The lugs 33
30
may be riveted in place on the arms 32, or
otherwise suitably attached. '
Each sliding lock member 35" is provided with
notches 36 and downwardly projecting catches
31 which are adapted to fit over the rearmost
wire of one of'the?trays? to_hold the tray 6
securely to each holding member 30. When the
35 sliding_locking. members 35 are in the raised
position, however, the catches_31 do not engage
the rearmost wire of the shelves 6, and the shelves
6 may freely slide in the grooved tracks 5.
Ordinarily the .pull of gravity on the sliding
loclrniembers 35 holds them in the down posi
tion, as indicated in Figure 3. In the rearmost
position, however, of the sliding support I8, rollers
45
38 mounted- on the sliding lock members 35 en
gage cams 39 ail‘lxed to the rear wall I5 of the
oven 2. » These‘rollers 38 contacting .with cam
surfaces on-cams 39 raise the sliding lock mem
to
bers 35,‘ releasing the rearmost wire of each
shelf or tray 6. "In this position of the parts,
when the front door 20 is downeach shelf or tray
6 can be slid in its‘ grooved tracks 5 by manual
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,
,
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which bear against tracks 46 carried by the
bottom of the tray 25'.
This construction gives a cantilever supporting
effect to the sliding support I3, the tray sliding
on rollers 45 and being held from tipping by the
action of rollers 42, see Figure 3. This construc
tion permits of great ease in pulling in and out
the sliding support I8.
In order to strengthen the tray 25', I have
shown bracing elements 41 which are suitably 10
attached by bolts 48 to the sides of the tray 25'.
In order to prevent the support from being
pulled out too far, I have shown downwardly
curved arresting surfaces 49 formed on the arms
25 of the members 23. These arresting surfaces 15
contact with the upper portion of the front I6
of the oven in the out position, see Figure 3. thus
preventing the sliding frame I3 from being pulled
out too far.
From the above description it will be see that 20
all that is necessary to do is to pull the front
door .20 in-the down position, grasp the handle 22
and‘ pull out the oven, including the bottom 21
and the trays 6. The extent to which this struc
ture can be-pulled out of the oven-is 'govemed by
the position of the arresting~ surfaces 49 on the
arms 25. When the sliding frame I8 is in the
rear position the trays or shelves are freed from
the sliding lock members 35, and. can be moved
relative to each other by manual manipulation. 30
" In Figure 8 I have shown a modi?cation in
which there are mounted on the» members 23 of
the sliding frame I8 'shelf support frames 50
carrying on their inner surfaces grooved tracks
5| in which the‘sl'ielves'V'are adapted‘ to slide.
The shelf support frames 50 are provided with
lower curved surfaces 52 ‘in order to lighten the
construction. This construction permits of rela
tive movement of the trays 6 in the "out position”
of the sliding support I8 since there is no locking
of the trays 6 in any de?nite position, the trays
6 merely traveling with the shelf support frames
50.
This construction presents some ' advan
tages in permitting movement of the trays 6 when
the sliding support I8 is pulled out, which is dif 46
ferent from the operation‘ of the construction
previously described where the trays or shelves 6
can only be changed in position when the sliding
support I8 is in the innermost position, and the
cams 39 have raised the sliding lock‘ members 35 50
through their action against the roller-s38 carried
manipulation so that a ‘particular shelf may be
by the sliding lo‘ck members 35.‘
moved with relationship to any‘other particular
shelf. In the ‘out p'osition'of the sliding support
I8 however, all of the ‘shelves are ‘securely held
in position by the sliding locking members 35 and
While I have _shown_and described the preferred
embodiment of ‘my invention, I wish it to be un
derstood that I do not con?ne myself to the pre
cise details‘ of construction herein-set"forth, by
the shelves are moved in unison.
way of illustration, as it is apparent tl_1_at_x'nany
'
'
For the‘purpo'se of simplicity and illustration,
‘
"
~
'
' I'have shown in 'the' drawings but one shelf 5 in
changes and variations may be made therein, by
those skilled in the‘artfwithou't departing from
place. It is to be understood, however, that there
may be a plurality of shelves, and that the pairs
of opposed ‘grooved tracks 5 are each supposed
the spirit of the invention, or exceeding the scope
of the appended claims.‘
to support a tray or shelf ~if desired. This con
struction enables the trays or shelves to be used
65 as desired, and their number varied as well as
the distance between them to suit the exigencies
of the cooking operation.
‘
I claim:
'
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1. A stove construction comprising an oven, a
source of heat in the oven, a sliding frame in the
oven which is adaptedto support food to be cooked. .
In order that the sliding frame I8 may be
readily slid into the oven or pulled out, I have
lying above and below said source of heat, a
handle attached to the bottom part of said frame
outside of the oven whereby the sliding frame
may be moved outwardly from the oven to inspect
shown aframe member 40 mounted in the bot‘
food being ‘cooked.
tom of the oven carrying at its end track mem
bers 4I against which are adapted to bear
rollers 42 cafried by supports 43, carried by the
rear wall of the tray 25'. Mounted in the up
75 turned ends 44 of the frame 40 are rollers 45
'
‘
70
2. In'a stove co'nstruction, the combination of
an oven, a sliding frame therein, holding members _i
on the back of the sliding frame, shelves adapted
to be held by the holdin m'embei‘s'); and means
to move the-‘slidlng-ffr”
into and out-of- the 75
aisdiev
\ oven carrying with it said shelves, and means posi
tioned on the rear wall of the oven to release the
above the level of said source of heat, a handle
connected with said base outside of the oven
shelves from the holding members when the slid
ing assembly is moved into its rearmost position in
into and out of the oven at will, and means
the oven.
3. In a stove construction, an oven, a front
carried by said frame to prevent movement be
yond a predetermined position.
piece therefor, a movable frame in the oven to
9. A stove construction comprising an oven, a
source of heat in the oven, a sliding base in the
oven below said source of heat, a frame mounted
support food being cooked, and means to slide the
frame forward so that the food ‘in the oven can be
10 inspected, and curved arresting surfaces carried
by the movable frame having a progressively
increasing pressure on the front piece to prevent
movement of the movable frame beyond a prede
termined position.
15
4. A stove construction comprising an oven, a
source of heat in the oven, a sliding frame in the
oven which is adapted to support food to be
cooked lying above and below said source of heat,
a handle connected to the bottom part of said
20 frame outside of the oven whereby the sliding
frame may be moved outwardly from the oven to
inspect food being cooked. shelves carried by the
sliding frame, and means to release the shelves
when the frame is in the rearmost position.
5. In a stove construction, the combination of
an oven, a sliding frame therein, holding mem
bers on the back of the sliding frame, shelves
adapted to be held by the holding members, means
to move the sliding frame into and out of the
30 oven carrying with it said shelves, grooved tracks
25
whereby the sliding base and frame may he slid
upon the sliding base adapted to support food 10
above the level of said source of heat, an up
standing handle support attached to said sliding
base, a handle on said handle support outside
of the oven whereby the sliding base and frame
may be slid into and out of the oven at will.
10. A stove construction comprising an oven, 2.
source of heat in the oven, a sliding base in the
oven below said source of heat, a frame mounted
upon the sliding base adapted to support food
above the level of said source of heat, an up
may he slid into and out of the oven at will, and
arresting means carried by said frame to prevent 25
movement beyond a predetermined position.
11. In a stove construction, the combination of
an oven, a sliding frame therein, shelves, catches
on the back of the sliding frame having a dogging
action adapted to grip said shelves, means posi
on the inside of the oven on either side thereof in
which the shelves are adapted to slide, and cam
means to raise the holding members in their rear
position whereby individual shelves can be moved
35 in their tracks.
tioned on the rear wall to release said catches,
and means to move the sliding frame into and
out of the oven carrying with it said shelves.
12. A stove construction comprising an oven,
a sliding frame in the oven, a roasting oven
6. In a stove construction, an oven, a source
bottom connected to the sliding frame, said frame
and the roasting oven bottom adapted to slide
of heat in the oven, a sliding base adapted to
fit in the oven below said source of heat, a frame
out from the oven as a unit, an upstanding handle
mounted upon the sliding base adapted to sup
£10 port food above said source of heat when said
frame and base are positioned in the oven, said
support attached to the lower part of said frame
frame and base adapted to slide outward as a
unit from the oven so that food can be insmcted.
and roasting oven bottom may be slid into and
out of the oven at will, and arresting means car
7. In a stove construction, an oven, a source
45 of heat in the oven, a sliding base adapted to ?t
in the oven below said source of heat, a frame
mounted upon the sliding base adapted to sup
port food above said source of heat when said
frame and base are positioned in the oven, said
frame and base adapted to slide outward as a
unit from the oven so that food can be inspected,
and means to prevent movement of said frame
and base beyond a predetermined point. '
8. A stove construction comprising an oven, a
source of heat in the oven, a sliding base in the
oven below said source of heat, a frame mounted
upon the sliding base adapted to support food
20
standing handle support attached to said sliding
base, a handle on said handle support outside of
the oven whereby the sliding base and frame
at the outside of the oven, a handle on the up
standing handle support, whereby the said frame
30
40
ried by said frame to prevent movement beyond
a predetermined position.
db
13. In a stove construction, the combination of
an oven, a sliding frame therein, holding mem
bers on the back of the sliding frame, shelves
adapted to be held by the holding members,
means to move the sliding support into and out
of the oven, carrying with it said shelves, grooved
tracks on the inside of the oven on either side
thereof in which the shelves are adapted to slide.
and cam means positioned in the oven to release
the shelves from the holding members when the
frame is within said oven.
ANTON K. WEISKI'I'I‘EL.
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