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Патент USA US2130220

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Sept. 13,1938.
GDBALLETAL
'
2,130,220
NONROTATABLE HUB CAP
Filed Oct. 8, 1957
1 N VENTOR5.
Y.
ATTORNEYJ.
Patented Sept. 13, 1938
2,130,220
UNITED STATES PATENT
FFME
2,1s0„220y
NoNRo'rA'rABLE HUB CAP
George D. Ball and Charles L. Tumulty,
Alexandria, Ind.
Application October 8, 1937, Serial No. 167,944
9 Claims.
'I'his invention relates to a non-rotatable hub
cap structure.
'
The chief object of this invention is to provide
a hub cap structure which may be readily sub
.<15 stituted for a standard,'normally rotatable, hub
cap and when substituted includes a normally
non-rotatable cover arrangement which fully con
ceals all rotatable parts thereof and of the sup
porting hub as well.
“LU
The chief feature of the invention is the ar
rangement and construction of the device Where
by the foregoing object is accomplished.
Other objects and features will appear more
fully hereinafter.
isi-1.35
The full nature of the invention will be under
stood from the accompanying drawing and the
following description and claims:
'
In the drawing, Fig. 1 is a central sectional view
through one embodiment of the hub cap structure,
i220 including the invention.
Fig. 2 is a front View thereof.
In Fig. 1 of the drawing, there is illustrated av
base plate IU of dished formation having its pe
ripheral edge I I turned back and beaded as at I2.
Suitably secured to the inside of this plate as by
welding or the like, is a sleeve portion I3, the
projecting edge Ill of which is turned back to
form a beaded arrangement I5. The parts thus
described are substantially identical to parts of a
standard hub cap structure, it being understood
for the purpose of disclosing this invention, the
plate I0 has covering the same an outer cover
plate of suitable ornamented design, the same
being rigidly secured to said base plate at its pe
riphery by being crimped or curled around the
beaded edge I2.
This standard hub cover cap is frictionally
associated with the wheel hub structure through
the sleeve portion I3. This is conventional prac
f?lî) tice and is merely set forth herein for an under
(Cl. 40-129)
with a central well portion I9. This well portion
may be a continuation of the portion I6 or may be
of a detachable insert character. It may be suit
ably ornamented.
A sleeve 20 includes near one end an exterior 5
groove 2I and the portion I9 or the portion I6, if
desired, includes suitable anchoring means, herein
shown in the form of clips 22 welded to the por
tion I9 and having the finger portions 22a seat
able in the groove. Through this arrangement,`10
the cover cap I3 is rigidly associated with the
sleeve 2l). Any other suitable connection may be
provided, however. The reason for this type of
connection is that the parts I D and I3 together
with the parts hereinafter to be described may be- 15
fabricated in mass production for a large variety
of vehicles and only the portion I6, as desired,
may be utilized.
The sleeve 20 is provided with two spaced in
ternal grooves 23 and 24. Split locking rings 25` 0
and 26, respectively, retain in the sleeve 20 against
axial displacement, an anti-friction structure in
dicated generally by the numeral 21, the outer
sleeve portion 28 of which is relatively rigid with
the sleeve 20 and the inner sleeve portion 29 of 25
which is rotatable relative thereto by reason of
the balls 30.
Way member 29 and serves as a spacer to position
the race structure in predetermined position on
the spindle 3| relative to the plate I0. 'I‘he spac
ing sleeve or collar 33 may be enlarged laterally 35
as at 34 to provide a greater area in contact with
the sheet metal base plate I0.
The base plate I0 is apertured as at 35 and the
same registers With a threaded opening 36 in the
spindle 3l. A relatively large washer 31 is posi- '40
standing of the invention, it being understood
thereby that the mounting of the structure upon
tioned on the opposite side of the base plate l0
and the cap screw 38 extends through the washer
the wheel hub is through the portion I3 in the
conventional manner and, therefore, the portion
45 I3 and the supporting base I0 rotate with the
Wheel hub.
The present invention is arranged to utilize
these standard portions but in place of having the
cover plate before mentioned rigidly secured to the
31, the aperture 35 in the base plate I0, and is
threaded into the threaded opening 36 of the
50 base plate I Il, there is now provided a cover plate
I 6 which has its peripheral edge I‘I turned in
wardly as at I8 and masks but is disassociated
from the edge I I--I2 of the base plate. This cover
structure may be suitably ornamented and have a
55 suitable central formation. Herein it is provided
'
A spindle 3I having the head portion 32 extends
through and bears against, respectively, the inner
raceway portion 29. A spacing sleeve structure 33 30
bears against the opposite face of the inner race
spindle 3|. v This rigidly connects the spindle 45
structure to a base plate I0 and by reason of the
spacing sleeve 33-34 and the head portion 32,
the anti-friction structure is positivelypositioned
with respect to the base plate in connection with
axial displacement. Thus, the interior end of the 50
sleeve 20 is maintained out of contact with the
base plate IU so that the entire masking or cover
structure has no contact with the base plate IIl
and is relatively rotatably supported with respect
thereto, it, of course, being understood that in op- 55
2
2,130,220
eration it is the base plate I0 which rotates and
the cover plate I6 which remains stationary.
If the weight of the parts associated with and
including the cover plate IE is insufl‘icient for
gravity to maintain the same relatively stationary
when the base plate l0 is rotated, due to what
slight friction there be between the supporting
members, there may be provided suitable counter
weighting means 4U and suitably secured to the
10 interior of the cover plate structure, for example,
wheel hub anchorage, the sleeve including a pair
of spaced internal grooves», and means therein
located at opposite sides of the anti-friction
means preventing axial displacement therebe
tween.
6.` A relatively stationary hub cap structure in
cluding in combination a cover plate, a sleeve op
eratively connected thereto, anti-friction means
therein, a spindle therein, a main hub cap struc
ture secured to the spindle and arranged for 10
wheel hub anchorage, the sleeve having an ex
terior groove thereon, means detachably connect
plate of which completely masks the wheel hub in - ing the cover plate to the sleeve, said sleeve also
including a pair of spaced internal grooves, and
substantially the same manner as a standard hub
means located in each internal groove and lo 15
15 cap does but it does not rotate.
cated at opposite sides of the anti-friction means
It will be quite apparent, therefore, that basical
as by means of the weld 4l.
Thus, there is provided a structure, the cover
ly this explanation of the present invention is and preventing axial displacement between the
common thereto and that the basic result thereof sleeve and anti-friction means.
7. A relatively stationary hub cap structure in
is complete masking of the hub structure and non
cluding
in combination a cover plate, a sleeve op
20 rotation of the hub cover plate.
While the invention has been described in great eratively connected thereto, anti-friction means
therein, a spindle therein, a main hub cap struc
`detail in the foregoing description and the draw
i-ng similarly-illustrates the same, the aforesaid ture secured to the spindle and arranged for
wheel hub anchorage, sleeve means about the
is by way of illustration only and is not re
. spindle and laterally interposed between the anti
v25 .strictive in character. The Aseveral modifications
which will readily suggest themselves to persons , friction means and vthe hub cap structure for
.skilledin this art, are all considered within the spacing the ñrst mentioned sleeve therefrom, the
broad» scopeof this invention, reference being ?lrst mentioned sleeve having an exterior groove
thereon, and means engageable in the exterior
had to the appended claims.
groove for. detachably connecting the cover plate
Theinvention claimed is:
.30
to the sleeve.
1. «A non-rotatable hub cap structure includ
8. A relatively stationary hub cap structure in
4Ving in combination a main .hub cap formingbase
`with an interior hub anchorable sleeve and ro
tatable with a supporting -wheel hub, an orna
1.35 mental cover plateco-extensive with and sub
stantially masking the base, a spindle secured
to the base, and rmeans .rotatably supported by
the spindle and secured to the cover plate where
by thelatter remainsstationary while the spin
dle is rotated by the wheel hub.
>2. ,A device as defined by claim l, character
ized by the cover plate including, a curled pe
,.ripheral edge enveloping but spaced from the
peripheral edge of said base, and said means
preventing ,axial separation whereby peripheral
edge _clearance is maintained.
' 3. A device as defined by claim l, character
ized by the addition of .Weight means operatively
.associated with the cover plate .to resist rotation
thereof.
‘4. A vrelatively stationary hub cap structure
_including in combination a cover plate, a sleeve
operatively connected thereto, anti-friction means
therein-a spindle -therein, a main hub cap struc
ture -secured to the spindle and _arranged for
wheel hub anchorage, the sleeve having an ex
terior groove thereon, and means engageable in
A.theexteriorgroovefor detachably connecting the
cover plate‘to the sleeve.
60
.
5.. A relatively stationaryhub cap structure in
cluding in combinationa cover plate, a sleeve op
eratively-connected thereto, anti-friction means
therein, a spindle therein, a main hub cap struc
.ture `secured .tothe spindle .and arranged for
cluding in combination a cover plate, a sleeve op
eratively connected thereto, anti-frictionfmeans
therein, a spindle therein, a main hub cap struc
ture secured to the spindle and arranged for
wheel hub anchorage, sleeve means about the
spindle and laterally interposed between the anti
friction means >and the hub cap structure for
spacing the first mentioned sleeve therefrom, the
sleeve including a pair of spaced internal grooves,
and means therein located'at opposite sides of
the anti-friction means preventing axial displace
ment between the sleeve andanti-friction means.
9. A relatively stationary hub cap structure in
cluding in combi-nation a cover plate, a sleeve op
45
eratively connected thereto, anti-friction means
therein, a spindle therein, a main hub cap struc
ture secured to the spindle and arranged for
Wheel hub anchorage, sleeve means about the
spindle and laterally interposed between the anti
friction means and the hub cap structure for
spacing the ñrst mentioned sleeve therefrom, the
first .mentioned sleeve having an exterior groove
thereon, means associated with the groove de 55
tachably connecting the cover plate to the sleeve,
said viîrst mentioned sleeve including a pair of
spaced internal grooves, and means located in
each and located at vopposite sides of the anti
frictionmeans preventing axial displacement be
tween the sleeve and anti-friction means.
GEORGE D. BALL.
CHARLES L. TUMULTY.
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