Патент USA US2130220код для вставки
Sept. 13,1938. GDBALLETAL ' 2,130,220 NONROTATABLE HUB CAP Filed Oct. 8, 1957 1 N VENTOR5. Y. ATTORNEYJ. Patented Sept. 13, 1938 2,130,220 UNITED STATES PATENT FFME 2,1s0„220y NoNRo'rA'rABLE HUB CAP George D. Ball and Charles L. Tumulty, Alexandria, Ind. Application October 8, 1937, Serial No. 167,944 9 Claims. 'I'his invention relates to a non-rotatable hub cap structure. ' The chief object of this invention is to provide a hub cap structure which may be readily sub .<15 stituted for a standard,'normally rotatable, hub cap and when substituted includes a normally non-rotatable cover arrangement which fully con ceals all rotatable parts thereof and of the sup porting hub as well. “LU The chief feature of the invention is the ar rangement and construction of the device Where by the foregoing object is accomplished. Other objects and features will appear more fully hereinafter. isi-1.35 The full nature of the invention will be under stood from the accompanying drawing and the following description and claims: ' In the drawing, Fig. 1 is a central sectional view through one embodiment of the hub cap structure, i220 including the invention. Fig. 2 is a front View thereof. In Fig. 1 of the drawing, there is illustrated av base plate IU of dished formation having its pe ripheral edge I I turned back and beaded as at I2. Suitably secured to the inside of this plate as by welding or the like, is a sleeve portion I3, the projecting edge Ill of which is turned back to form a beaded arrangement I5. The parts thus described are substantially identical to parts of a standard hub cap structure, it being understood for the purpose of disclosing this invention, the plate I0 has covering the same an outer cover plate of suitable ornamented design, the same being rigidly secured to said base plate at its pe riphery by being crimped or curled around the beaded edge I2. This standard hub cover cap is frictionally associated with the wheel hub structure through the sleeve portion I3. This is conventional prac f?lî) tice and is merely set forth herein for an under (Cl. 40-129) with a central well portion I9. This well portion may be a continuation of the portion I6 or may be of a detachable insert character. It may be suit ably ornamented. A sleeve 20 includes near one end an exterior 5 groove 2I and the portion I9 or the portion I6, if desired, includes suitable anchoring means, herein shown in the form of clips 22 welded to the por tion I9 and having the finger portions 22a seat able in the groove. Through this arrangement,`10 the cover cap I3 is rigidly associated with the sleeve 2l). Any other suitable connection may be provided, however. The reason for this type of connection is that the parts I D and I3 together with the parts hereinafter to be described may be- 15 fabricated in mass production for a large variety of vehicles and only the portion I6, as desired, may be utilized. The sleeve 20 is provided with two spaced in ternal grooves 23 and 24. Split locking rings 25` 0 and 26, respectively, retain in the sleeve 20 against axial displacement, an anti-friction structure in dicated generally by the numeral 21, the outer sleeve portion 28 of which is relatively rigid with the sleeve 20 and the inner sleeve portion 29 of 25 which is rotatable relative thereto by reason of the balls 30. Way member 29 and serves as a spacer to position the race structure in predetermined position on the spindle 3| relative to the plate I0. 'I‘he spac ing sleeve or collar 33 may be enlarged laterally 35 as at 34 to provide a greater area in contact with the sheet metal base plate I0. The base plate I0 is apertured as at 35 and the same registers With a threaded opening 36 in the spindle 3l. A relatively large washer 31 is posi- '40 standing of the invention, it being understood thereby that the mounting of the structure upon tioned on the opposite side of the base plate l0 and the cap screw 38 extends through the washer the wheel hub is through the portion I3 in the conventional manner and, therefore, the portion 45 I3 and the supporting base I0 rotate with the Wheel hub. The present invention is arranged to utilize these standard portions but in place of having the cover plate before mentioned rigidly secured to the 31, the aperture 35 in the base plate I0, and is threaded into the threaded opening 36 of the 50 base plate I Il, there is now provided a cover plate I 6 which has its peripheral edge I‘I turned in wardly as at I8 and masks but is disassociated from the edge I I--I2 of the base plate. This cover structure may be suitably ornamented and have a 55 suitable central formation. Herein it is provided ' A spindle 3I having the head portion 32 extends through and bears against, respectively, the inner raceway portion 29. A spacing sleeve structure 33 30 bears against the opposite face of the inner race spindle 3|. v This rigidly connects the spindle 45 structure to a base plate I0 and by reason of the spacing sleeve 33-34 and the head portion 32, the anti-friction structure is positivelypositioned with respect to the base plate in connection with axial displacement. Thus, the interior end of the 50 sleeve 20 is maintained out of contact with the base plate IU so that the entire masking or cover structure has no contact with the base plate IIl and is relatively rotatably supported with respect thereto, it, of course, being understood that in op- 55 2 2,130,220 eration it is the base plate I0 which rotates and the cover plate I6 which remains stationary. If the weight of the parts associated with and including the cover plate IE is insufl‘icient for gravity to maintain the same relatively stationary when the base plate l0 is rotated, due to what slight friction there be between the supporting members, there may be provided suitable counter weighting means 4U and suitably secured to the 10 interior of the cover plate structure, for example, wheel hub anchorage, the sleeve including a pair of spaced internal grooves», and means therein located at opposite sides of the anti-friction means preventing axial displacement therebe tween. 6.` A relatively stationary hub cap structure in cluding in combination a cover plate, a sleeve op eratively connected thereto, anti-friction means therein, a spindle therein, a main hub cap struc ture secured to the spindle and arranged for 10 wheel hub anchorage, the sleeve having an ex terior groove thereon, means detachably connect plate of which completely masks the wheel hub in - ing the cover plate to the sleeve, said sleeve also including a pair of spaced internal grooves, and substantially the same manner as a standard hub means located in each internal groove and lo 15 15 cap does but it does not rotate. cated at opposite sides of the anti-friction means It will be quite apparent, therefore, that basical as by means of the weld 4l. Thus, there is provided a structure, the cover ly this explanation of the present invention is and preventing axial displacement between the common thereto and that the basic result thereof sleeve and anti-friction means. 7. A relatively stationary hub cap structure in is complete masking of the hub structure and non cluding in combination a cover plate, a sleeve op 20 rotation of the hub cover plate. While the invention has been described in great eratively connected thereto, anti-friction means therein, a spindle therein, a main hub cap struc `detail in the foregoing description and the draw i-ng similarly-illustrates the same, the aforesaid ture secured to the spindle and arranged for wheel hub anchorage, sleeve means about the is by way of illustration only and is not re . spindle and laterally interposed between the anti v25 .strictive in character. The Aseveral modifications which will readily suggest themselves to persons , friction means and vthe hub cap structure for .skilledin this art, are all considered within the spacing the ñrst mentioned sleeve therefrom, the broad» scopeof this invention, reference being ?lrst mentioned sleeve having an exterior groove thereon, and means engageable in the exterior had to the appended claims. groove for. detachably connecting the cover plate Theinvention claimed is: .30 to the sleeve. 1. «A non-rotatable hub cap structure includ 8. A relatively stationary hub cap structure in 4Ving in combination a main .hub cap formingbase `with an interior hub anchorable sleeve and ro tatable with a supporting -wheel hub, an orna 1.35 mental cover plateco-extensive with and sub stantially masking the base, a spindle secured to the base, and rmeans .rotatably supported by the spindle and secured to the cover plate where by thelatter remainsstationary while the spin dle is rotated by the wheel hub. >2. ,A device as defined by claim l, character ized by the cover plate including, a curled pe ,.ripheral edge enveloping but spaced from the peripheral edge of said base, and said means preventing ,axial separation whereby peripheral edge _clearance is maintained. ' 3. A device as defined by claim l, character ized by the addition of .Weight means operatively .associated with the cover plate .to resist rotation thereof. ‘4. A vrelatively stationary hub cap structure _including in combination a cover plate, a sleeve operatively connected thereto, anti-friction means therein-a spindle -therein, a main hub cap struc ture -secured to the spindle and _arranged for wheel hub anchorage, the sleeve having an ex terior groove thereon, and means engageable in A.theexteriorgroovefor detachably connecting the cover plate‘to the sleeve. 60 . 5.. A relatively stationaryhub cap structure in cluding in combinationa cover plate, a sleeve op eratively-connected thereto, anti-friction means therein, a spindle therein, a main hub cap struc .ture `secured .tothe spindle .and arranged for cluding in combination a cover plate, a sleeve op eratively connected thereto, anti-frictionfmeans therein, a spindle therein, a main hub cap struc ture secured to the spindle and arranged for wheel hub anchorage, sleeve means about the spindle and laterally interposed between the anti friction means >and the hub cap structure for spacing the first mentioned sleeve therefrom, the sleeve including a pair of spaced internal grooves, and means therein located'at opposite sides of the anti-friction means preventing axial displace ment between the sleeve andanti-friction means. 9. A relatively stationary hub cap structure in cluding in combi-nation a cover plate, a sleeve op 45 eratively connected thereto, anti-friction means therein, a spindle therein, a main hub cap struc ture secured to the spindle and arranged for Wheel hub anchorage, sleeve means about the spindle and laterally interposed between the anti friction means and the hub cap structure for spacing the ñrst mentioned sleeve therefrom, the first .mentioned sleeve having an exterior groove thereon, means associated with the groove de 55 tachably connecting the cover plate to the sleeve, said viîrst mentioned sleeve including a pair of spaced internal grooves, and means located in each and located at vopposite sides of the anti frictionmeans preventing axial displacement be tween the sleeve and anti-friction means. GEORGE D. BALL. CHARLES L. TUMULTY.