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Патент USA US2130371

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Sept. 20, 1938.
w. s. TOWNSEND
2,130,371 '
CANNED OIL DISPENSING APPARATUS
Filed March 16, 1955
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INVENTOR
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ATTORNEYS
Sept. 20, 1938.
w. s. TOWNSEND ‘
2,130,371.
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CANNED OIL DISPENSING APPARATUS
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Filed March 16, 1935
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INVENT
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ATI'ORNE'YS
2,130,371
Patented Sept. 20, 1938
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UNITED SA
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2,130,371
CANNED OIL DISPENSING APPARATUS
William S. Townsend, New York, N. Y., assignor
of one-half to American Can Company, New .
York, N. Y., a corporation of New Jersey
Application March 16 , 1935, Serial No. 11,480
8 Claims. (Cl. 312—1'73)
enlarged and taken substantially along the line
This ‘invention relates to ‘an apparatus for ‘dis
3-3 in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 showing the cans when in
pensing automobile lubricating ‘oils or the like
commodities packaged in sealed containers and display position, and Fig. 4 showing the same
is a continuation in part of my application Serial fully enclosed and secured Within a storage com
partment of the apparatus and out of display po- .:
;5 Number 680,700, ?led in the United States Pat
entO?ice on July 17, 1933, which has resulted in sition;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective detail on
Patent No. 1,998,263, dated April 16, 1935.
A practice which is becoming more and more
prevalent in the merchandising of lubricating
1.0 oils for automobiles and particularly by the pro
ducers of quality oils is that of supplying the oils
to retail distributors in small sealed and dis
tinctly labelled containers such as quart cans.
The ‘purpose of this practice is to prevent the
foisting upon the buying public of substituted
oils of inferior quality which in the past has
been carried on very extensively by unscrupu
lous dealers both to the detriment of the pur~
chasers and the producers of the superior oils.
20 To evade this method of distribution these un
scrupulous and nefarious vdealers obtained used
cans, re?lled them with low grade substitute oils
and by various tricks palmed off ‘these inferior
oils to motorists for the originals. In this way
25 they more e?ectively continued their cheating
tactics.
_An object of the invention of my parent case
above referred to is to provide a device for use
in dispensing oils packed .in producer or re?nery
30 sealed containers which is easy and convenient
to operate and which in opening the cans crushes
them so that they cannot be re?lled or reused,
and the present invention is particularly directed
to the feature, embodied in the said dispensing
35 device, of displaying the sealed containers prior
to such opening.
A further object of the present invention is to
provide such a device for both conveniently
storing a supply of the ?lled cans and for dis
playing them in such a fashion as to eifectively
attract the attention of a motorist driving into or
past an oil dispensing station in‘which one of
the devices is being used.
Numerous other objects and advantages of the
an enlarged scale of one corner of the display
cabinet illustrating a pair of corner locking de
vices for holding adjacent doors of the cabinet;
r10
Figs. 6 is an enlarged plan sectional detail of
one corner of the display cabinet as viewed along
the section line 6-6 in Fig. 5; and
Fig. '7 is a similar view of‘ another corner of
:15
the cabinet.
Referring in detail to the drawings, the em
bodiment of the invention herein disclosed com
prises a housing structure which in size and
shape is analogous to the ordinary gasoline dis
pensing pumps commonly employed in gasoline 20
stations and is adapted to be installed in such a
station in convenient proximity to such pumps
where it will be both handy and conspicuous.
The main supporting frame of the device corn
prises four upright, right angled sections consti
corners and are secured at their lower ends to a
base molding 2 and at their upper ends to a
crown molding 3.
Secured to the corner members | by ‘suitable .
supports in the front of the structure and at 'a
convenient height above the base 2, is a platform
5 which is employed as a support for an ordinary
measuring and pouring dispenser 5 into which
the oil, contained in the cans being opened by the .
apparatus, is emptied for delivery to 'a purchaser.
At a suitable height above such measuring sup
port platform 5 a second platform ‘I is provided
which is secured to the four corner members I
and which is used as a ‘base support for the can
(designated by the numeral ll in Figs. 1 and 2)
when it is being opened preparatory to being
crushed. In the center of the support 1 and in
the forward portion thereof, there is ‘provided a
45 invention will be apparent as it is better under
downwardly extending funnel projection 8 in
stood from the following description, which,
taken in connection with the accompanying
drawings, discloses a preferred embodiment
thereof.
Referring to the drawings:
V50
which the bottoms of the cans are adapted to ?t
and through which the oil from an open can is
Figure l is a front elevation of an embodiment
of the present invention showing the cans on dis
play prior to opening;
55
Fig. 2 is aside elevation of the same;
Figs. 3 and 4 are plan sectional views slightly
25
tuting corner members i which are located in the
allowed to flow into the measuring dispenser 6
supported on the lower platform 5.
For opening the can I l a series of spaced ver 50
tically disposed outwardly curved knives 9 is
mounted about the upper inner face of the fun
nel shaped can receiving projection 8 and these
knives engage and pierce the bottom of the can
as it is forced down on such knives. The knives
2
2,130,371
are sufficiently wide to form a relatively large
opening in the can so that the can contents can
be emptied with considerable rapidity.
A movable cross head 53 is provided for posi
tively forcing the can into these knives and this
cross head is also used for crushing the can as
it is emptied thus conditioning it so that it cannot
be reused. Cross head I3 is supported at a con
venient height above the knives on a pair of guide
rods I2 and is provided on its under side with a
6 when the latter is -in ?lling position on the
platform 5 and is thus located to catch any oil
passing through a perforated or grid section 33
formed in the support 5 and providing a base
for the dispenser.
The top of the rear portion of the receptacle
22 (designated by the numeral 34) is open and
is in vertical alignment with the opening 25
formed in the platform ‘I and is aligned beneath
the chute 21. A can I I after it has been emptied 10
series of lugs which form a centering guide I4 for
the upper end of the can II when it is engaged
and crushed and stripped from the knives 9 by
by the cross head.
opening 25, through the chute 21 and into the
.
On the lower end of each of the two guide rods
15 I2 there is provided a gear rack I6 and each rack
engages a pinion I‘! (Fig. 1) mounted on a shaft
I8 which is suitably journaled in supports I9
attached to the under side of the platform 5.
The shaft I8 and its pinions I‘! are turned by
20 manual operation of a spoked wheel 2| which is
keyed to one end of the shaft.
>
When the wheel 2| is turned in one direction
the can crushing head I3 is moved downwardly
and when it is reversed or turned in the opposite
25 direction the head is raised. The wheel 2! is of a
size and strength to provide the necessary lever
age to effectively force the cans onto the knives
for opening and to crush them after opening.
For stripping the opened and crushed can from
30 the knives 9 after it has been emptied, a stripper
23 is provided which is mounted directly over the
funnel shaped opening in the can supporting
platform ‘I. This stripper is pivotally connected
by a hinge 24 to the center portion of the plat
35 form ‘I and is located directly behind the funnel
the tilted stripper 23, slides back through the
receptacle 22.
To facilitate the collection of any oil remaining 15
in the cans after they are deposited in the recep
tacle as well as to aid in collecting the drips
which fall into the opening 32 a perforated false
bottom 35 is provided in the lower part of the
receptacle 22.
This false bottom is spaced above the true bot
tom 40 and this forms a reservoir compartment
36 between the walls 35, 40. To facilitate drain
ing of the oil from this compartment 36 the bot
tom 40 is tapered down toward the center and a 25
spigot 31 is disposed adjacent the lowest point.
Legs 29 are secured to the corners of the recepta
cle and hold the same in elevated position so that
a collecting pan may be slid under the spigot and
the oil drained from the receptacle when this be 30
comes desirable.
A pair of spaced hand holds 38 may be secured
to the rear wall of the receptacle 22 to permit
easy lifting and handling of it so that it can be
removed from the device or inserted back into 35
shaped opening of the projecting part 8.
can and oil collecting position. The lower part
Stripper 23 is formed adjacent opposite sides
with projections 23a which extend to the edges
of the structure may be enclosed by side walls
39 which are extended around the front and sides
of the uprights or corner members I and the rear
may be closed by a swinging door 4I mounted on 40
the back of the frame.
of the guide rods I2 on which the cross head I3
40 is mounted. The guide rods in turn are provided
with pivotally mounted latches or dogs 26 which
are adapted, on the down stroke of the guide rods,
to slide over and snap past the ends of the pro
jections 23a of the stripper 23. When the guide
45 rods are raised the dogs 26 engage these projec
tions 23a and lift the front edge of the stripper
23.
As the guide rods I2 approach the end of their
upward movement the dogs 26 slide along the
50 lower edge of the projections 23a and pass beyond
the edge allowing the stripper to fall back into
its normal position and rest on the platform ‘I.
It is when the stripper 23 is raised along its for
ward edge that the crushed can is stripped from
A storage compartment is provided in the top
of the structure above the crushing head I3 and
is arranged to contain and store a quantity of
cans.
These cans are designated by the numeral ‘ I
42 to distinguish them from a can I I when in the
can opening ' position previously referred to.
These cans 42 are either in display position or
are enclosed within the storage compartment.
The storage compartment is adapted to be
closed by four doors 43 (Figs. 3 and 4) each door
along one edge being hingedly connected by a
hinge 44 to the corner of the adjacent angle
iron or corner member I.
By reason of this
in the rear of the platform ‘I. Passing through
this opening the crushed can falls through an
open ended, tubular chute 21 and thence into a
hinge mounting each door may be swung through
an angle of 270° and is adapted to be brought
into one of two closing positions. The arrows
shown in Figs. 3 and 4 indicate the direction of
movement of the free edge of each door when
60 receptacle 22 provided for its reception in the
it is swung from the position shown on one side
5,5
the knives 9 and this crushed can II slides back
over the stripper and into an opening 25 formed
base of the structure.
The receptacle 22 (Figs. 1 and 2), which is in
sertable into and is adapted to rest within the
base of the structure, comprises a removable con
65 tainer which ?ts conveniently between the up
rights or corner members I.
When in inserted
position (Fig. 2) its front section is spaced below
the lower platform 5 while its rear part extends
up and adjacent to the under face of the plat
form.
.
The top of the front part of the receptacle 22
is formed as a downwardly tapered or conical
cover 3| which is provided with an opening 32
in the center. This opening and the surround
75 ing cover part 3| are directly below the dispenser
of the compartment into its other closed position
on an adjacent side.
A plurality} of vertically spaced and aligned
shelves 45 (Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive) are mounted
on each door. These shelves receive the cans 42 65
and hold them in their display position when the
door is in one closing position or in their enclosed
storage position when the door is located on an
adjacent side of the compartment.
When the various doors 43 are disposed in can 70
enclosing position as shown in Fig. 4 the shelves
45 and theirsupported cans 42 are fully disposed
within the storage cabinet. When the four
doors are in the other of their hinged positions
as shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 the shelves 45 and 75
2,130,371
the cans supported thereby are exposed on the
outside of the compartment and are then in dis
play position. By means of this construction
the device may be changed to provide an eifec
tive display of the cans when the station is open
for business or to lock the cans within the com
partment when it is closed.
For locking the doors in either position double
locking devices are disposed in two diagonal
corners of the cabinet, one such double device
being set forth in detail in Figs. 5 and 6. Each
element of a double locking device comprises a
3
either of their closed positions by the slide plates
d6 (of either a single or double locking unit) en
gaging the free or unhinged edges of the doors.
The fourth door is adapted to be locked in one
position by one of the key locks 54 and when in
the other position by the key lock located in the
opposite diagonal corner.
For example this fourth door is indicated on_
the left in Fig. 3 and at the bottom in Fig. 4. This
door is provided adjacent its free edge with lock 10
engaging keepers 5! (see also Fig. '7). These
keepers are arranged on the two faces of the door,
sliding plate 56 and these two plates have their
inner edges adjacent. The plates are slidably
the keeper which is brought into the inside of the
15 held on their associated angle iron or corner
member I by rivets or pins e1’. These rivets are
545 at that position.
By locking the fourth door in this manner the
secured to the angle iron and extend inwardly
through vertical slots 48 cut adjacent the inner
edges of the ?ange plates. The rivets It‘! are
provided with enlarged heads to prevent disloca
tion of the plates, the slots 433 allowing for ver
tical movement relative to the stationary rivets.
Vertically disposed slots 159 are formed in the
outer portion of each ?ange plate so and these
entire cabinet is closed both when the cans are
in display position (Fig. 3) or in enclosed posi
tion (Fig. 4). By means of this construction the
doors cannot be opened or changed from one posi 20
tion to another without ?rst releasing the free
edge of the fourth door by manipulation of a key
in its holding key lock 51%. It should be under
openings 5E]. The openings 50, when the slide bar
stood that the three doors which are locked by
the slide plate 46 can only be released by manipu~ 25
lation. of a slide plate from the inside of the
136 is raised into its upper position, are adapted
to receive the enlarged heads of rivets 52 which
cabinet.
On the top of the frame there may be provided
are carried on three of the four doors at shown.
a transparent dome 55 similar to domes customar
ily provided on gasoline pumps and in it an electric
25 slots are enlarged at their lower ends into round
After the head of the rivet 52 has passed
through the opening 50 its ?ange plate £35 is
dropped into a lower position and the slot 49
in the plate thereupon slides down over the body
of the rivet 52 and looks that door in position.
35 Figure 5 discloses the left hand door 6&3 locked
in such position the locking unit 156 to the left
being used for this purpose. The door 43 shown
on the right of Fig. 5 is not affected in any way
by the right hand slide plate lit which it will be
observed is located adjacent the hinge edge of
this door.
To provide for easy manipulation or sliding of
a plate :35 a lug 53 may be struck from the in
side section of the plate intermediate its length.
Only one unit or element of each double lock
ing device comprising the slide plates 45 just
described is used at one time.
If the left hand
door d3 (Fig. 5) were to be swunginto its other
closed position it would be moved away from the
locking
plate t5 on the left hand side. If after
50
this is done the right hand door 43 were to be
moved into its other closed position, by swinging
about the corner of the angle iron member i,
it would be brought into engagement with the
left hand locking plate lit. This plate under
such supposed condition would then be adjacent
the hinge side of the door and its slots 49, 5G
would then not be utilized.
In Figures 3 and 4 of the drawings the double
60 corner locking devices just described are located
in the upper right hand corner and in the lower
left hand corner. In the opposite corners, that
is, the upper left hand corner, and the lower
right hand corner only a single locking plate
46 is provided. This plate is of the same con
light 56 may be installed for advertising purposes.
A similar light 5? is also mounted in the under
side of the crown mold 3 in a manner to project
its light downwardly between the shelves 45 or
inside of the doors 45-3 when they are locked in
their display positions so that the crushing head
and can receiving platform of the device will be
illuminated to render the operation of the empty
ing and crushing mechanism visible to the pur
40
chaser.
To insure this visibility and at the same time
protect the crushing and emptying mechanism
against the weather transparent walls 58 of glass
may be secured around the back and side walls
of the structure and if desired a similar detach 45
able wall may be provided for closing in the front
of the structure when it is not in use.
It is thought that the invention and many of its
attendant advantages will be understood from the
foregoing description, and it will be apparent that 50
various changes ‘may be made in the form, con
struction and arrangement of the parts without
departing from the spirit and scope of the inven
tion or sacri?cing all of its material advantages,
the form hereinbefore described being merely a
preferred embodiment thereof.
I claim:
1. In a dispensing device, having a plurality of
equal sides spaced by a plurality of corner mem
bers, a door hinged to each corner member of said
device and adapted for hinging movement to close
one of two different sides thereof, and means as
sociated with a said door for supporting pack
aged commodities on one side thereof, so that
when all of the doors are closed in one position
slide plate unit already described, this single
the packages are all exposed and when the said
doors are closed in another position the packages
are all enclosed by said doors, and sliding plates
plate being located on one side or leg of the angle
movably supported on the corners of said device
iron.
and extending to the upper and lower parts of
the same for locking said doors at their upper and
struction and operates in exactly the same man
ner as each element or plate 138 of the double
70
cabinet being engaged by the particular key lock
On the other leg of each of the angle irons l
adjacent these last mentioned corners of the
compartment there is located a key operated lock
54 which may be of the usual standard slide lock
construction. Three of the doors ‘53 are locked in
lower parts.
2. In a dispensing device having a plurality of
equal sides spaced by a plurality of corner mem
bers, a plurality of doors each hinged to a respec 75
4
2,130,371
with two corners of said device for locking the
fourth door in each of its two closing positions.
5. In a dispensing device, the combination of
hinge elements at the corners thereof, angle sec
one side of each of said doors so that when the tions at the corners of said device to which said
doors are closed in one position said packages are hinge elements are secured, doors hinged on said
all exposed and when closed in another position - elements and extending from one of said hinge
elements to another, to form a compartment to be
said packages are all enclosed within a compart
opened and closed, a slidable locking device at
ment formed by said doors, sliding plates extend
tive corner member of said device and adapted to
be swung into one of two different positions and
to close one of two adjacent sides of the device,
means for supporting packaged commodities on
10 ing to the upper and lower parts of the doors and
each of the vertical edges of said doors and 10
movably attached to said device at the corners of
mounted on an angle section, and means on said
the same for releasably locking said doors in
either of their closed positions, and means on said
doors engageable by said locking devices, whereby
a door may be secured to either of two angle
sections.
6. In a dispensing device, the combination of
hinge elements at the corners thereof, angle sec
doors for cooperating with said sliding plate
15 members for the described locking purposes.
3. An apparatus for storing and displaying
sealed containers, comprising the combination of
a container compartment having a plurality of
openings adapted to be, closed by a plurality of
20 doors, vertically disposed corner members spacing
said doors, each of said doors being hinged to a
respective corner member so as to close either of
two adjacent openings, means associated with
each of said doors to support containers and to
25 con?ne them within said compartment when a
said door closes one of said openings and to dis
play them outside of said compartment when the
said door closes the other of said openings, means
for releasably locking said doors in their closed
positions, said locking means comprising sliding
plates extending to the upper and lower parts of
said doors and attached to the'container compart
ment at the corners of the same, and means on
said doors for cooperating with said sliding plate
35 members for the described locking purposes.
4. In a dispensing device having a plurality of
equal sides and enclosing a compartment, the
combination of doors hinged at the corners of said
device each door being adapted to close on two
40 different sides thereof, shelves for supporting
packaged commodities on corresponding sides of
said doors so that when all of the doors are closed
in one of their two positions said packages are
all exposed and when all of said doors are closed
45 in the other of their positions said packages are
all contained within said compartment, sliding
means associated with the corners of said device
and adapted to selectively lock three of said doors
in either of their closed positions, said sliding
50 means comprising vertical locking plates having
openings at their upper and lower parts and slots
communicating therewith, and corresponding pins
on said doors, and key actuating means associated
tions at the corners of said device on which said
hinge elements are mounted, doors hinged on said
elementsand extending from one of said hinge
elements to another, to form a compartment to
be opened and closed, a vertically slidable look
ing device at each of the vertical edges of said
doors and mounted on an angle section, and
means on said doors engageable by said locking
devices, whereby a door may be secured to either
of two angle sections.
7. In a dispensing device, the combination of
hinge elements at the corners thereof, angle sec
tions at the corners of said device on which said
hinge elements are mounted, doors hinged on said 30
elements and extending from one of said hinge
elements to another, to form a compartment to
be opened and closed, a vertically slidable locking
device having slots and located at each of the
vertical edges of said doors and mounted on an
angle section, and pins on said doors engageable
by the slots of said locking devices, whereby a
door may be secured to either of two angle sec
tions.
8. In a dispensing device, the combination of 40
hinge elements at the corners thereof, angle sec
tions at the corners of said device to which said
hinge elements are secured, doors hinged on said
elements and extending from one of said hinge
elements to another, to form a compartment to be
opened and closed, a vertically slidable locking
device at each of the vertical edges of said doors
and mounted on an angle section, and means on
said doors engageable by said locking devices,
whereby either face of a door may be secured to 50
an angle section.
WILLIAM S. TOWNSEND.
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