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Патент USA US2130437

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2,130,437
Patented Sept. 20, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT orties
2,130,437
EXHIBITING AND ADVERTISING DEVICE
Harry W. Taylor, Oak Park, Ill.
Application June 5, 1937, Serial No. 146,549
9 Claims.- (Cl. 40--130)
This invention relates to exhibiting and ad
5
able manner.
attention of the public, but will stimulate inter
by the top of the chamber is a cushion 2@ which l
est not only in the articles being exhibited or
displayed thereby, but also in the device itself,
the operation of which latter is of such a nature
is provided with openings 2i
register with the respective
top of the chamber i6.
Upon the cushion 2E) the
to be displayed, are placed.
as to produce a mystifying effect.
A further object is to provide an improved
device of this character which will be of a sim
ple, durable, compact and inexpensive construc
tion, and effective and efficient in operation.
To the attainment of these ends and the ac
complishment of other new and useful objects
as will appear, the invention consists in the fea
tures of novelty in substantially the construction,
combination and arrangement of the several
parts, hereinafter more fully described and
claimed and shovm in the accompanying draw
ing illustrating this invention, and in which
Figure l is a front elevation of a device of this
character constructed in accordance with the
principles of this invention.
25
partition i8 being held in position in any suit"
vertising devices and one of the objects of the
invention is to provide an improved apparatus
of this character which will not only attract the
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view taken on
line 2_2, Figure 3.
Figure 3 is a vertical sectional View taken on
l
The chamber IB may project for any desired
distance above the platform-iii?, and supported
therethrough which
openings i'i in the
articles 22 that are
The cushion is con 10
structed of any suitable soft material such as
felt or the like, which cooperates with the arti
cle to form a light tight joint therebetween.
Arranged within the chamber i6 are suitable
illuminating devices here shown as lamps 23
which are supported in any suitable manner.
In the compartment i5, and disposed in ad
vance ofthe partition i3 is transparent member
2Q, preferabiy a panel of glass, which is held in
position above the tcp of the chamber it and
preferably in proximity to the top of the casing
i2, and in an inclined position. The transparent
member 213 being removably supported in any
suitable manner, preferably by means of the ends
thereof extending into guides 25, may be readily 25
moved, if desired, when the top i2 of the casing
is removed.
The walls of the compartment i5, which in
line 3_3, Figure 2.
which may be of any desired size and configura
clude the front face of the partition i3 as well
as the top surface of the partition or platform
i9, are darkened preferably by means of a coat
ing of suitable material such as paint or the
tion and constructed of any suitable material.
like, preferably black, as at 25.
Figure 4 is a wiring diagram.
Referring more particularly to the drawing,
30
the numeral m designates generally a casing
The partition I3 may be formed in any suit
The casing is provided with a view opening ! I >
able manner either entirely or partially of a re
35 in one of the walls and the cover I2 may, if
desired, be removable and secured in position in
any suitable manner.
Within the casing is arranged a partition I3
extending from the top to the bottom thereof,
40 dividing the casing into two compartments
iii-i5.
'
Within the compartment i5 is arranged a
light-proof chamber i6 constructed in any suit~
able manner and of any desired or suitable size.
45 The chamber is closed and there is provided ln
one of the walls thereof, preferably the top, a
series of openings l'i, and if desired the cham
ber may be lined with any suitable heat insu
lating material, IS.
This chamber iii is preferably of a size less
than the interior of the casing IG and if desired
a horizontal platform or partition i9 may be
provided in the casing extending to the parti
tion i3, and is spaced for any desired distance
55 above the bottom of the` casing, the platform or
235
movable element, the element being provided
with suitable openings 2'! therethrough, and
which openings may be of any desired delinea
tion so as to form Words or other illustrative
matter.
40
This partition I3 forms the front wall of the
compartment Iii in which latter is arranged suit«
able illuminating means such as a lamp 28, the
rays of which latter are directed through the
openings 2l in the partition i3.
In order to accentuate the rays from this lamp
28 a portion of the wall 29 which forms a part
of the casing and the back wall of the compart
ment Hi, may be coated or covered with any suit
able light coloring matter, such as white, so 'that "'
when the light 28 is lit the light Surface Sd di
recting the rays through the openings Z'i will
cause the latter to be clearly legible.
The front surface of the partition I3 is coated
with a dark coating and being disposed behind 55
2
2,130,437
l the transparent member 24 becomes a reñecting
the other side of the socket 38 is aA conductor 42
which is connected with the conductor 43.
When the thermostat element 32 is in contact
same may be removed or interchanged with any
other similar element.
with the terminal 35 of conductor 39, the circuit
through the sockets 38a. and 38 will be completed
The lights 23 and 28 are connected to a suit
able source of _supply of current and a suitable
10 ílasher system is employed in the connection,
whereby When one of the lights is lighted the
other Will be extinguished, and the ñasher sys
tem operates in such a manner that the lights
will be alternately lighted and extinguished first
15 to cause, for instance, the light 23v to be lighted
and the light 28 to be extinguished. Under these
conditions the rays from the light 23 Will be di
rected through the articles 22 supported upon
the cushions 28, while the light 28 Will be ex
20
ductor 4| which is connected to one side of the
socket 38 of the other lamp 23 and leading from
surface when the light 28 is extinguished and
the lights 23 are lighted. The partition |3, or
the portion thereof containing the openings 2'|
being removable, it will be manifest that the
tinguished.
and the current will flow as follows to light the
lamps 23, viz., from the side A of the supply line
through contact 35, conductor 35a to terminal 10
43, Where it will be divided, a portion thereof
flowing through conductor 42, through the socket
38, conductor 4| to terminal 40.
The current will also flow from the terminal
43 through conductor 42a, socket 38a, conductor
Illa, to terminal 4U.
From the terminal 40 the
current flows through the socket 36, conductor
33, through the flasher and thermostat element
32 to the other side B of the supply line. This
or covered with dark material, and as a portion
will cause the lights 23 in the sockets 38a and 38 20
to be lighted, and as the current is thus iiowing,
the line or conductor 39 will be dead.
When the heat in the plug 3| is suñicient to
of the partition |3 is behind the transparent
cause the ñasher or thermostat element to move
inasmuch as the interior of the compartment
l5 and the front of the partition |3 are coated
25 member 2li, the rays of light directed through
the articles 22 will cause the articles 22 to be
reflected by the reñector 24.
When the flasher system causes the light 23
to be extinguished and the light 28 to be lighted,
30 the articles, in the present instance being shown
out of contact with the terminal of the conductor 25
33 and into contact with the terminal 39a of the
conductor 3S, the line or conductor 33 will be
dead and the lamp in the socket 36 will be ex
tinguished. Under these conditions the current
will flow as follows to light the lights in the
as eggs, will become normally opaque, and as the
sockets 38e-_38, viz., from the line A, through
lights 23 are mounted Within the light-proof
chamber I3, no reflection will be caused from
the articles but the light 28 Will be lighted to
35 cause the reading matter created by the openings
the plug to terminal 35 through conductor 35a to
terminal 43, dividing so that part Will now
2i in the partition I3 to become clearly visible.
In other Words, during the operation ci the
device the lights 23 and 28 are alternately lighted
and extinguished. When the lights 23 are light
ed and the light 28 extinguished rays of light
will not only cause the articles 22 to become
translucent but they will cause reflections of
these articles to be made by the reflector 24.
Immediately upon extinguishing the light 23
45 and lighting the light 28, the reflections Will be
come obliterated while the sign or reading mat
ter caused by the openings 21 will become clearly
visible.
Any number of lamps or lights 23 may be em
50 ployed in the chamber l5, in the present exem
pliñcation of the invention tWo are shown, and
these lamps are connected in series.
Current is supplied to the lamps from any suit
able source through the medium of a plug-in
55 element 3| and a thermostatic ilasher may be
employed which may be located in the plug 3|.
This ilasher unit emloodies a thermcstatically
controlled member 32 which is connected through
the plug 3| to one side of the supply line, and
co-operates With a terminal 34-35, the thermo
static element being controlled by the changes
of temperature created by the current.
The element 32 is connected to one side of the
socket 3S of the lamp 28 by means of a conductor
and leading from the terminal 48 of the other
side of this socket 36 is a conductor 39 which is
also connected with the terminal 35 of the plug
3|. Leading from the socket terminal 48 to one
side of the socket 38a is a conductor 4|a, on one
70 side of the socket 38a of one of the lamps 23 and
leading from the otherv side of the socket 38a of
the lamp 23, is a conductor 42a which is con
nected to a conductor 43 leading through the plug
3l to the other side of the supply line.
Leading also from the terminal 4!) is a con
75
through conductor 42, through socket 38, out
through conductor 4| to terminal 40. At the =
same time the other part of the current will flow
from terminal 43, through conductor' 42a, socket
38a, conductor Ma, to terminal 48. From ter
minal 48 the current Will ilow through conduc
tor 39 back to the plug terminal 35, through 40
flasher or thermostat element 32 to the other side
B of the supply line. When this circuit is com
pleted, the line or conductor 33 will be dead.
Thus it Will be seen that the circuits through
socket 36. and through the sockets 38a. and 38, 45
Will be alternately opened and closed, and Will
be controlled by the flasher or thermostat ele
ment 32, the latter being itself controlled or in
fiuenced by changes in temperature, or the heat
ing or cooling of the said element.
With this arrangement the lighting and ex
tinguishing of the lamps will be automatically
controlled and they will be alternately lighted
and extinguished.
While one form or Wiring of a flasher system '
has been herein shown and described it is to be
understood that any other forms or wiring may
be employed, to effect the alternate lighting and
extinguishing of the lamps.
If desired a portion of the cover |2 may be co
hinged as at |2a so that an operator may raise
said section and directly inspect the articles 22,
affording an opportunity to the operator of can
dling the eggs 22, if eggs are employed in the
apparatus.
While the preferred form of the invention has
ieen herein shown and described, it is to be
understood that various changes may be made in
the details of construction, and in the combina
tion and arrangement of the several parts, within 70
the scope of the claims, Without departing from
the spirit of this invention.
What is claimed as new is:
1. An exhibiting device embodying a casing
having a View opening in one wall thereof, a 75
2,130,437
closed light-proof chamber in the casing having
an opening in one Wall adapted to be closed by
the article to be exhibited, illuminating means
Within said chamber disposed to direct its rays
through the article, means for causing a reñec
tion of the article Within the casing When said il
luminating means is rendered active, a sign with
in the casing, illuminating means for the sign,
and thermostatic means common to said illu
minating means for alternately rendering one ac
tive and the other inactive.
2. An exhibiting device embodying a casing
having a view opening in one wall thereof, a
closed light-proof chamber in the casing hav
ing an opening in one Wall adapted to be closed
by the article to be exhibited, illuminating means
Within said chamber disposed to direct its rays
through the article, means for causing a reflec
tion of the article Within the casing when said
illuminating means is rendered active, a sign
Within the casing, illuminating means for the
sign, and means common to the said illuminat
ing means and operating automatically to al
ternately render one active and the other in
active, said sign illuminating means being dis
posed behind the sign and directing its rays
through predetermined portions of the sign.
3. An exhibiting device embodying a casing
having a view opening in one Wall thereof, a
closed light-proof chamber in the casing having
an opening in one Wall adapted to be closed by
the article to be exhibited, illuminating means
Within said chamber disposed to direct its rays
3
6. An exhibiting device embodying a casing
having a view opening in one Wall, the inner
surfaces of the walls being darkened, a light
proof chamber in the casing, said casing having
an opening in one Wall adapted to be closed by
the article being exhibited, an electric light in
said chamber disposed to direct its rays through
the article, reilecting means in the casing and
beyond- said chamber for causing a reflection of
the article only when said light is lighted, a sign
in the casing, a light in the casing for illuminat
ing said sign, and means common to said lights
and operating automatically to cause the lights
to be alternately lighted and extinguished.
7. An exhibiting device embodying a casing 15
having a View opening in one Wall, the inner sur
faces of the Walls being darkened, a light-proof
chamber in the casing, said casing having an
opening in one Wall adapted to be closed by the
article being exhibited, an electric light in said 20
chamber disposed to direct its rays through the
article, reñecting means in the casing and be
yond said chamber for causing a reñection of the
article only when said light is lighted, a sign in
the casing, a light in the casing for illuminating 25
said sign, means common to said lights and op
erating automatically to cause the lights to be
alternately lighted and extinguished, the second
said light being disposed behind the sign and di
recting its rays through predetermined portions 30
of the sign, and means for accentuating the rays
from the last said light.
8. An exhibiting device embodying a casing
through the article, means for causing a reflec
tion of the article Within the casing when said
having a view opening in one Wall, the inner sur
illuminating means is rendered active, and
means operating automatically to render said
illuminating means active and inactive, the said
chamber in the casing, said casing having an
opening in one Wall adapted to be cl'osed by the
article being exhibited, an electric light in said
chamber disposed to direct its rays through the
article, reñecting means in the casing and be 40
yond said chamber for causing a reñection of the
article only when said light is lighted, a sign in
the casing, a light in thecasing for illuminating
reflecting means embodying a transparent mem
ber and a darkened surface therebehind.
4. An exhibiting device embodying a casing
having a View opening in one wall, the inner sur
faces of the Walls being darkened, a light-proof
chamber in the casing, said casing having an
opening in one Wall adapted to be closed by the
article being exhibited, an electric light in said
chamber disposed to direct its rays through the
article, reflecting means in the casing and beyond
faces of the Walls being darkened, a light-proof 35
said sign, and means common to said lights and
operating automatically to cause the lights to be 45
alternately lighted and extinguished, said lights
being isolated from each other.
said chamber for causing a reflection of the ar
9. An exhibiting device embodying a casing
having a View opening in one Wall, the inner
ticle only When said light is lighted, and means
operating automatically to cause said light to be
surfaces of the Walls being darkened, a light 50
proof chamber in the casing, said casing having
alternately lighted and extinguished.
an opening in one Wall adapted to be closed by
the article being exhibited, an electric light in
said chamber disposed to direct its rays through
the article, reflecting means in the casing and 55
beyond said chamber for causing a reflection of
the article only when said light is lighted, a sign
in the casing, a light in the casing for illuminat
ing said sign, means common to said lights and
operating automatically to cause the lights to be 60
alternately lighted and extinguished, and means
common to the lights whereby they may be con
nected to a source of supply of current.
HARRY W. TAYLOR.
5. An exhibiting device embodying a casing
having a View opening in one Wall, the inner sur
faces of the walls being darkened, a light-proof
chamber in the casing, said casing having an
opening in one wall adapted to be closed by the
article being exhibited, an electric light in said
chamber disposed to direct its rays through the
article, reñecting means in the casing and beyond
said chamber for causing a reflection of the ar
ticle only when said light is lighted, and ther
mostatic means for causing said light to be al
ternately lighted and extinguished.
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