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Патент USA US2130474

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_Septg 20, 1938.
`c. H. scHwANER
2,130,474
METHOD AND MEANS FOR EYE TREATMENTS
Filed June 15.` 195e
5 Sheets-Sheet l
sept- 20, 1938»
c. H. scHwANER
2,130,474
METHOD AND MEANS FOR EYE TREATMENTS
Filed June 1_3. 1936
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
Sept. 20, _1938,
c. H. s_cHwANER
2,130,474
METHOD` AND MEANS FOR EYE TREATMENTS
Filed June 13. 1956
ß Sheets-Sheet 3
www
2,13®,474
Patented Sept. 20, 1938
UNITED STÀTÉS cargar
F
2,130,474
METHOD AND MEANS FÜR, EYE TREAT
MENTS
Charles H. Scliwaner, Scottsbluff, Nebr.
Application `lune 13, 1936, Serial No. 85,145
7 Claims.
(Cl. 12S-25.1)
This invention is directed to a method of and
means for providing for eye treatments wherein
the conventional spherical lenses, as ordinarily
patient are in position relative tothe eyes for all
ordinary purposes, are slowly moved laterally
toward and from each other while the lenses are
employed by the patient in reading or the like,
5 are used and the treatment perfected while the
patient is using such lenses for their ordinary
and usual purpose.
It is well known in this particular art to treat
being employed by the patient for ordinary read
ing purposes.
This apparatus will be described in connection
with the accompanying drawings, in which:
the eyes of the patient for certain defects through
ment apparatus with the cover plate removed,
the movement compensating means being broken
out.
10 an increase or decrease of prism power and such
results have been attained by the employment of
special implements which are adjusted or changed
to suit the particular patient’s requirements
which are ordinarily costly and complicated and
15 requires the attendance of the patient at the
oiñce of the Optometrist. ,The costly and compli
cated nature of these implements materially re
stricts their use in general practice andat best
limits the number of patients who may be treated
2 O during working hours, and it is a serious en
croachment on the time »of the patient in waiting
for treatment and in making further visits for
additional treatments.
The primary object of the present invention- is
25 the provision of an apparatus of simple and corn
paratively inexpensive character in which the
treatment is provided through the use of the
spherical lenses peculiar to the patient for ordi
nary reading or'like purposes, and the apparatus
30 as a whole is designed for convenient support
upon the head of the patient, permitting the
treatments to be carried out while the patient is
using the particular lenses giving the treatment
for ordinary purposes, such as reading or the like.
35
It is well recognized that the ordinary spherical
lenses, when moved to the right or the left of the
optical point, increases the prism power, having
an increased stimulative effect in one direction
and an inhibitory prism effect when moved in the
40 opposite direction. The present invention is de
signed to take advantage of this well-known con
dition of spherical lenses, ordinarily employed as
eye-glasses, and to utilize, as a metho-d of treat
ment, a means for moving the lenses when in or
4
dinary position and function for their usual pur
pose to gain the desired prism power for treat
ment purposes.
The apparatus employed, therefore, as` an il
lustrative means of carrying out the method in
5 O volves the provision of a carrier to be removably
supported upon the head of the patient, on which
carrier ordinary spherical lenses in use by that
patient for reading purposes, or lenses similar
thereto, are mounted, with means by which the
55 lenses, which when adjusted to the head of the
Figure 1 is a view in elevation of the eye treat
Figure 2 is a view in elevation of the slide for
accommodating the movements of the patient
during treatment.
Figure 3 is a plan view of the apparatus, the ‘
cover plate being shown in position.
Figure 4 is a vertical section through one of the
slots of the follower plate.
Figure 5 is a. View in elevation of the supporting
plate.
Figure 6 is a view in elevation of the apparatus
with the cover plate in applied position.
Figure '7 is an enlarged section showing the
mounting of the parts on the supporting plate.
Figure 8 is a front elevation of a modiñed form,
the cover plate being removed.
Figure 9 is a bottom plan View of the construc
tion shown in Figure 8.
Figure l0 is a section on the line lll-_IIJ of Fig
ure 8.
5
30
Figure ll is an enlarged View in elevation, part
ly in section, showing the lens adjustment means.
The apparatus comprises a carrier including a
head band having a substantially rigid frontal
piece l to extend across the head of the patient 35
above the eyes, to the ends of which is connected
a flexible adjustable preferably elastic strap» 2 to
fit the rear portion of the head of the patient and
hold the carrier in proper position. The carrier
includes a plate 3 depending from the frontal 40
piece l and formed at appropriate points with
openings ¿l which of course, when the carrier is in
place, register with the eyes of the patient.
Extending transverse the forward face of the
plate 3 above the openings ‘i is a bar 5 formed 45
with a longitudinal guide channel 6. Rotatably
supported above the guide bar â about centrally
of the plate 3 is a gear pinion l, the shaft 8 of
which is rotatably supported in the plate and pro
vided on the rear side of the plate with a bevel - 0
pinion 9. Rotatably supported on opposite sides
of the gear pinion 'l are driving gear pinions IG
and il. These pinions i9 and Il are rotatably
supported in the plate 3 in the plane of the gear
pinion l and are in mesh with the gear pinion 1.
2,130,474
Slides I2 overlie and bear on the guide bar 5
and have extensions i3 fitting within the channel
6 of the guide bar. The slides proper I2 and the
drive shaft of a motor 2'I. The motor 21 is sup
ported upon a pedestal 28 having a weighted base
29 and made up of telescopic sections 3l] to de
' extensions I 3 which fit in the channel ß are pref
termine height, with the sections held in adjusted
erably made in separate parts and secured to-- position by a set-screw 3|. The motor may be
gether in an appropriate manner. Between the
and preferably ifs supported directly upon a
slides proper i2 and the extensions I3 are se
wooden block 32 mounted upon a rubber section
cured throw plates III which extend upwardly and 33 carried by the upper end of the telescopic
are provided with vertically extending slots I5 member of the pedestal.
preferably throughout the full length of the
The extension member 25 is made up of spaced
throw plates upwardly from the slides.
rods 34 having a central rod 35, with one terminal
The respective throw plates III are designed connected through the universal joint 24 with the
to be moved in the rotation of the driving gear shaft 22 and the other terminal having an end
piece 36 slidably embracing ie spaced rods 34.
pinions ll) and II, and to provide for this move
15 ment, each driving gear pinion is provided with a Thus, the extensible member is freely movable in 15
pin I6 ?tting in the slots I5 of the respective any direction through the universal joints and
freely extensible to permit comparatively free
throw plates with the outer ends of the pins pref
erably enlarged or having a disk terminal I'i of movement of the head of the patient within lim
its to avoid interference with the natural move
a diameter exceeding the width of the slot to pre
20 vent relative separation of the throw plates and ment during reading or other uses of the glasses 20
driving gear pinions.
while maintaining the treatment.
Obviously, in the rotation. of the gear pinion l,
The revolution of the pinion 1, and therefore
‘ the driving gear pinions are operated and the
the revolution of the driving pinions IU and II,
pins IS will correspondingly move the throw
25 plates. As the driving gear pinions I6 and II
necessarily move in opposite directions, the dis
position of the pins I5 at opposite diametric ex
tremities of the respective drive pinions will ob
viously cause such pinions to move the throw
which are of the same diameter as the pinion 1,
This causes a comparatively slow
ward each other and from each other, compelling
a similar movement of the slides.
As the extent of movement will depend upon
ing the treatment.
the distance at which the respective pins I6 are
35 spaced from the centers of the driving pinions,
and as it is obviously desirable to vary the throw
in order to control the prismatic power used in
treatment, each driving gear pinion is provided
with a series of openings I8 radially aligned from
the center in one direction, so lthat the pin IE
may be positioned in a selected opening i8 to se
cure the necessary limit of movement of the slides
in accordance with the particular treatment de
sired.
'
Slidably mounted on each slide plate i2 is a clip
I 9, the edges of which slidably embrace the upper
and lower edges of the slides I2, with the main
body of the clip overlying the front of the slides
and provided with a set-screw 2i) by which the
50 clip may be fixed in any desired position longi
tudinally of the slide. The spherical lenses 2| are
Secured to the clips IB depending therefrom so as
to register at all times with the openings 4 in
the plate 3.
55
per minute.
change in the positions of the spherical lenses,
so that the variation in prism power, incident to
such change in position of the lenses does not 30
seriously interfere with the comfort of the patient
30 plates in relatively opposite directions, that'is t0
45
is very slow, comparatively speaking, moving 25
from three to approximately twelve revolutions
As the lenses 2i are ordinarily the lenses em
ployed by the particular person for reading pur
poses, it is quite apparent that when the appa
ratus is in place on the head of the patient, the
lenses are in position to serve their usual func
60 tion for reading or other purposes and that with
or his use of the lenses for ordinary purposes dur
,
The primary purpose of the method and ap
paratus is to build a new and comfortable reflex 35
action between the functions of sight, that is
clearness and singleness of vision. Clearness of
vision is controlled by the ciliary body including
the muscles and nerves inside the eye-ball and _
singleness of vision is controlled by the extra 40
ocular muscles outside the eyeball. There must
be a reñex action between the functions to bring
about clearness and singleness of vision at one
and the same time. This reflex action becomes
very fixed in association between the two func
45
tions and when lenses are placed before the eyes,
there is required an alternation in the reflex ac
tion to meet the requirements of each function.
If plus lenses are placed before the eyes, they
inhibit a given amount of stimulation that has
been flowing for clearness of vision so naturally 50
through the reflex action singleness of vision
would be less stimulated and vision would be
doubled. Immediately the brain, which is in oon
trol of all nervous energy, attempts to set up a
new reflex action between the two functions but 55
in those cases where this is not secured, that is
the alteration in the reflex action is not success
ful, outside assistance to secure the result has to
be provided.
Through the apparatus and method described, 60
the pinion 'I in motion, these lenses are moved
toward and from each other in order that the
the lenses are brought closer together and moved
prismatic effect or influence on the vision may
farther apart alternately. Thus, when plus
be varied from the normal optical point of the
lenses are used, the closer together the lenses
may be, the greater the base in prism power, giv
ing rest toV singleness of vision, but the farther 65
separated the lenses are, the greater the stimulus
to singleness of vision. When minus lenses are
used, the closer together such lenses may be, the
greater the stimulus to singleness of vision and
the farther separated the lenses may be, the
greater the rest effect.
VIn the modification shown in Figures 8 to 11,
inclusive, the instrument includes a head band
31, similar to the head band of the preferred
65 lens.
In order to provide foi` appropriate movement
of the pinion 'I, the shaft 22 is rotatably sup
ported on the rear surface of the plate 3, termi
nating at its inner end in a bevel pinion 23 in
70 driving cooperation with the bevel pinion 9 and
extending outwardly beyond one edge of the plate
3 and there provided through a universal joint 24
for driving connection with an extensible member
25, the end of which, remote from the shaft 22, is
connected through a universal joint 26 with the
2,130,474
form, on which is removably secured a casing 38,
preferably cylindrical. The casing is divided by
a transverse partition 39 into a rear chamber llß
and a forward chamber 4I, the latter being pref
erably of shallow depth and the former being of
a depth to appropriately receive a motor ¿i2 of a
type designed to carry out the function of the ap
paratus. The motor is conventional, forms no
part of the present invention and needs no fur
10 ther detailed description.
The motor shaft 43 extends through and is
mounted in the partition 39 and carries a gear
wheel 44 immediately in advance of the partition
39. This gear wheel (i4 cooperates with gear pin
ions 45 and 46 of identical diameter and rotat
ably supported in the partition 39 below the gear
44. Secured to the outside of the casing 38 in
vertical line with the partition 35i is a trans
versely extending plate «il which, as shown in Fig
ure 10, is of angle form.
Slidably supported on the plate @l are slides
‘i8 and 49, which slides, while mounted for slid
ing cooperation with the plate 4l, extend below
the plate and are interiorly formed with threads
25 50 which cooperate with an adjusting rod 5i hav
ing oppositely threaded portions 52 and 53 and
provided immediately beyond the ends of the
plate 4l! with knurled projections 54 through the
medium of which the rod 5i may be turned at
30 will and the slides 43 and @le caused to move to
ward or from each other in accordance with the
direction of rotation of the adjusting rod.
The respective slides d5 and 49 carry fixed
angle supports, indicated at 55 and 55, which sup
35 ports depend from the slides and are then pro
jected outwardly relative to each other in sub
stantial parallelism with the plate fl'l. The free
terminals of the supports 55 and 56 carry pins
5l on which are rotatably supported sleeves 58.
40 ’I‘he pins 5l' extend in parallelism with the axis
of the casing 48, are disposed below the casing and
project inwardly toward the head band 31.
Fixed to the inner ends of the sleeves 58 are
socket extensions 59 in which are slidably sup
45 ported bars 5B carrying appropriate lenses 6l.
The outer end of each of the sleeves 5S is rigidly
connected to one end of an angle lever £52, the
opposite end of which angle lever is connected
through a link 63 with a pin tt eccentrically
50 connected to the respective pinions :i5 and ¿56.
The eccentric connection of the respective links
63 is, of course, in diametric opposite relation
with respect to the two pinions and to provide
for adjustable throw, the pinions ¿i5 and' d6 are
55 provided with a series of radially aligned open
ings 65 for receiving the pin Sli.
The motor is energized conventionally through
flexible conductors 66 designed to be connected to
any convenient outlet box.
While the motor is
60 operating, the angle levers, through the links
65
3
allow the patient perfect freedom, within limits,
while wearing the instrument.
Through the shifting of the lenses provided, an
increased play or tolerance between the functions
of stimulation and relaxation is created, allowing
for a greater tolerance of the two functions, that
is clearness and singleness, to act in accordance
with one another while at the same time main
taining enough play between the functions to in
sure comfort and clear and single vision.
Of course, the invention contemplates, if neces
sary in a particular case, the use of an appro
priate spherical lens or the use of any combination
of spherical and cylinder lenses according to the
needs of the particular patient. Stronger lenses
may be used if necessary and the throw of the
lenses may be increased or decreased according
to the requirements of the particular patient in
maintaining the functions of clearness and
singleness of vision created during such adjust 20
ments.
The instrument as a whole is used for treat
ment while the lenses are being used by the
patient in reading or other ordinary purposes.
Thus, under the direction of the Optometrist, the ,
treatments may be taken at home during the
time the patient ordinarily employs in reading
and, therefore, no particular loss of time on the
part of the patient is occasioned for the treat
ment, such, for example, as would be the case 30
where the patient was compelled to visit the
oflice of the Optometrist by special engagement.
Furthermore, the apparatus »as a whole is so
simple and inexpensive as compared with instru
ments for similar treatments, that the Optometrist 35
may readily have a number of such instruments
and thus treat a number of patients at the same
time without discomfort to the patient and while
permitting him to employ the time of treatment
40
in reading, for example.
It is, of course, to be understood that the
present apparatus 'is designed for the handling
of spherical lenses employed for reading and like
purposes and thus to be clearly and carefully dis
tinguished from testing lenses which are only em 45
ployed for the purpose of testing the eyes to de
termine what spherical lenses will be later con
structed for use. Therefore, in the following
claims, the term “ordinary” is intended to mean
those lenses which would ordinarily be employed 50
in eyeglass frames for the use of the particular
person in reading, and to this extent the inclusion
of the term “ordinary” in the claims is intended
to limit the type of lenses with which the con
struction and operation dei-ined in the claims is 55
particularly concerned.
What is claimed to be new is:
l. A method of exercising the eyes through and
during the use of the ordinary reading lenses and
without in any wai7 interfering with the reading 60
function of such lenses, consisting in mounting
63, rotarily reciprocate the sleeves 58 and move
the lenses 6I slowly toward and from each other
in a slightly arcuate path to secure the desired
result. The lenses may be adjusted relative to
to permit the usual reading function, adjusting
each other in order than the lenses may be ad
then constantly and uninterruptedly moving the
lenses to gradually and constantly decrease and
justed to accommodate theeyes of the patient
both in the normal use of the lenses and during
treatment.
In the form of the invention shown in Fig
70
ures 8 to l1, inclusive, as well as in the preferred
form, the apparatus as a whole is designed to be
worn by the patient and the lenses used in ordi
nary reading purposes during treatment. Of
75 course, the conductor 66 is of such a length to
the lenses on the head of the user in a position
the lenses relative to each other to insure maxi
mum prismatic effect for reading purposes, and
increase the prismatic effect of the lenses while at
all times maintaining the lenses in that position
relative to the eyes of the user as will permit the 70
reading function, the exercising movement being
such as to avoid interference with the reading
function of the lenses during such movement.
2. A method of exercising the eyes through the
use of the ordinary reading lenses and without in 75
4
_ 2,130,474
terfering with such reading function during the
exercising movement, consisting in mounting
lenses on the head of the user to permit ordinary
a mounting, lenses having the necessary charac
teristics to provide an ordinary reading function
for the user, slides supporting the lenses, throw
and usual reading function through such lenses,
and then constantly and uninterruptedly moving
bars connected to the slides, and means for selec
the lenses to vary the prismatic effect of such
lenses for exercising the eyes, the exercising
and continuously move the slides and thereby
the lenses to vary the prism effect of the lenses
for exercising purposes, the maximum limit of
movement being continuous and being limited in
degree to avoid interfering with or preventing
10 the reading function of the lenses during such
exercising movement.
3. A method of exercising the eyes, consisting
in mounting lenses peculiarly adapted to the user
for conventional reading purposes to permit the
15 ordinary reading function of such lenses, and
then moving the lenses constantly to and from
a position of normal reading function to vary
the prismatic effect of the lenses on the eyes
of the user for exercising the eyes, the complete
exercising movement being such as to vary the
prismatic effect of the lenses to a degree to avoid
complete interruption of the reading function of
the lenses at any time during the exercising
period.
4. A means for exercising the eyes, including
tively operating the throw bars to automatically
D
the throw bars being such as to avoid any move
ment of the lenses during the exercising function
which will interfere with the reading function
of the lenses.
5. A construction as described in claim 4,
wherein the throw bars are moved in opposite
directions during the exercising function.
6. A construction as described in claim 4, 15
wherein the lenses are adjustably connected to
the slides.
7. A construction as defined in claim 4, wherein
the means for moving the throw bars includes aI
power driven pinion, drive pinions intermeshing
with the power driven pinion, and connections
between the drive pinions and throw bars.
CHARLES H. SCHWANER.
25
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