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Патент USA US2130534

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Sept. 20, 1938.
2,130,534 ‘
J. R. BOWEN
'BRASSIERE
.
Filed May 10, 1937
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Patented Sept. 20, 1938
’ 2,130,534
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
7
2,130,534
BRASSIERE
Joseph R. Bowen, Los Angeles, Calili, assignor,
”
by mesne assignments, to Hollywood-Maxwell
Company, a corporation of California
Application May 10, 1937, Serial No. 141,701
5 Claims.
This invention relates to a brassiere.
Bras
sieres are primarily intended to hold the breasts
?rmly in upright position, to lend attractiveness
to the female ?gure. They are in some instances
"5 also intended to aid the development of the
breasts. For these purposes, it is customary to
provide cups for the breasts, at the front of the
garment, intended to encompass the breasts ?rm
ly.
The garment is usually fastened at the rear,
'10 as by separable fasteners attached to the rear
meeting edges.
It has been proposed to fashion such a gar
(01. 2-42)
Figs. 3, 4 and 5 are views similar to Fig. 2, but
of modi?ed forms of the invention.
The brassiere is shown in this instance as hav
ing a body encircling portion I. This portion
may be made up of three parts. The central part 5
2 and the two side parts 3 and 4 together serve
to de?ne a pair of concave upper edges 5 and 6
positioned in correspondence with the breasts of
the wearer. The elements 2, 3 and 4 may be
made of comparatively strong material or of 10
doubled or single fabric‘, appropriately fastened
together as by stitching. The central portion
ment to provide a substantially vertical band
2 rises between the concavities to lie between the
extending over the apex of the breast cup, the
breasts of the wearer.
15 shoulder strap forming substantially an extension
of this band. A band of this character, however,
This body encircling portion I is shown in this 15
instance as capable of being joined at the back
has a tendency to wrinkle or crease at the apex,
of the wearer. For this purpose elastic strips,
such as l and 8 are provided respectively at the
sides 9 and Ill of the body portion; and these
elastic strips are shown as fastened to the tabs 20
when any holding force is applied in an upward
direction, and at that point, to draw inwardly
20 against the breast tip or nipple. This causes the
nipple to be flattened, and often completely de
II and I2, which may be provided with de
pressed into the surrounding breast tissue. Such
tachable fasteners, such as hooks and eyes.
Disposed within the concave edges 5 and B are
a pair of breast cup structures I3 and I4. Since
both of these structures are similar, but one 25
need be described in detail. Each of the breast
cup structures, such as I3, is shown as being
stitched or otherwise attached at its lower edge,
to the concave edge 5. It is made up of three
a result is of course very undesirable. In addition,
wrinkles also appear along the band.
25
Since the overgarment or dress is intended to
display the contour of the breasts, and since this
depression reduces the desirable breast contour,
the intended function of the brassiere is at least
partially nulli?ed.
30
It is one of the objects of this invention to
obviate this di?iculty; and especially by providing
a brassiere that, although it uses a sui?ciently
thin band over the cup apex to permit it to lie
close to the breast of the user, resists this ?at
35 tening-out e?ect.
The brassiere has furthermore smoother lines
and the outer garment properly attractively dis
plays the breast contour.
This invention possesses many other advan
40 tages, and has other objects which may be made
more easily apparent from av consideration of
several embodiments of the invention. For this
purpose there are shown a few forms in the
drawing accompanying and forming part of the
45 present speci?cation.
These forms will now be
described in detail, illustrating the general prin
ciples of the invention; but it is to be understood
that this detailed description is not to?be taken
in a limiting sense, since the scope of the in
50 vention is best de?ned by the appended claims.
Referring to the drawing:
Figure 1 is a front view of a brassiere incor
porating the invention;
‘
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary enlarged view neigh
boring the apex portion of one of the cups; and
main parts: the two side portions I5 and I6, 30
and an intervening substantially vertical band I'l.
This band is adapted to overlie the apex of the
breast cups.
In order to form the cups properly, it is pre
ferred to provide one or more tucks, such as I8, 35
near the lower portion of the member I6.
The central band I1 is shown as having a ?ared
bottom and as having its upper edge forming an
anchor or attaching means for the shoulder strap
I9. This shoulder strap I9 may be adjustable 40
if desired. Its other end is adapted to be at
tached to the upper edge of the side portion 9.
The band 'I'l is preferably formed of a single
layer of readily conformable material, such as
silk, satin, ‘or the like capable of closely over- 4-5
lying the apex of the breasts. However, without
further provision, it is apt to be pulled ?at over
the tip or nipple of the breast; due to the holding
force applied to the band by the shoulder straps.
It has been found that a slight reenforcement 50
in the apex region elfectively prevents any wrin
kling or ?attening of the band at the nipple
region. Such reenforcement is readily obtained
by dividing the central band I? into two parts,
and joining them by a transverse seam, such as 55
2
2,130,534
20, neighboring the apex portion. This seam 20
is shown as oblique, in the form of the invention
illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2. However, the same
able material passing over the apex of the cup,
there being a transverse seam across the band
function is obtained if the transverse seam is
and neighboring the apex of the cup, and the
lower edge of said band being attached to the
straight across, as illustrated at 2| in Fig. 3. It
body encircling portion.
may even be in the form of a circle 22, as illus
trated in Fig. 4; or semi-circular or arched, as at
23 (Fig. 5).
The seams, such as 20, 2|, 22 and 23 are
3. In a brassiére, a pair of breast cups, each of
said cups being formed with a substantially ver
tical band of thin material passing over the apex
of the cup, there being an oblique seam across
10 shown as being formed by a line of stitching. The
the band and neighboring the apex of the cup. 10
edges 24 and 25 of the joined portions may be
folded down away from the seal 20.
4. In a brassiere, a pair of breast cups, each
of said cups being formed with a substantially
vertical band of thin material passing over the
apex of the cup, there being an arched seam
across the band and neighboring the apex of the 15
In use the transverse seam such as 20, prevents _
any tendency of band I‘! to flatten at the apex
15 of the cups. Instead, the nipple is given ample
clearance space so that it may retain the intended
and desirable knob~like contour. No ?attening
force is imposed upon the breast. The outer
garment, conforming .closely to the breast con—'
20 tour, attractively displays the ?gure of the wearer.
What is claimed is:
1. In a brassiere, a pair of breast cups, each of
said cups being formed with a substantially ver
tical band of thin material passing over the apex
25 of the cup, there being a transverse seam across
the band and neighboring the apex of the cup.
2. In a brassiere, a body encircling portion, a
pair of breast cups, each of said cups fastened
to said portion being formed with a substan
30 tially vertical band of a single layer of conform
cup.
5. In a brassiére, a body encircling band hav
ing a pair of concave upper edges corresponding
in position to the breasts, there being an up
wardly directed portion intermediate the con 20
cave edges to be accommodated between the
breasts'of a wearer, and fabric breast cups re
spectively joined to the concave edges, each of
said cups having a substantially vertical central
band passing over the apex of the cup and formed 25
of a single layer of conformable material, there
being a transverse seam across the band and
neighboring the apex of the cup.
JOSEPH R. BOWEN.
30
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