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Патент USA US2130556

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Sept. Z0, 193%.
H. H. MILLER
l 2,130,556
CABINET MIRROR UNIT
Filed March 7, 1936
*
e
INVENTOR.
Patented Sept. 20, 1938
2,130,556 .
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,130,556
CABINET MIRROR. UNIT
Harley H. Miller, Middletown, Ohio, assigner to
The Philip Carey Manufacturing Company, a
corporation of Ohio
Application March 7, 1936, Serial No. 67,700
8 Claims. (Cl. 88-100)
This invention relates to cabinets and particu
Fig. 3 is a view partly in cross-section, the same
larly to wall and medicine cabinets which are as in Fig. 2, but with the mirror open to extreme
adapted to be positioned in a convenient place position; and
on some part of the wall and provided with a
Fig. 4 is a detailed vcross-sectional View Of the
closure having a mirror mounted thereon. Cab
hinge structure.
ì
inets are standard equipment in bathrooms for
Referring to the drawing in which like nu
medicine cabinets and for shaving mirrors, same merals are used to designate like parts, numeral
usually being mounted on the wall below one or
between two lighting fixtures.
10
'
The conventional construction comprises a cab
inet having any number of shelves therein and
provided with a door hinged to one side wall. A
mirror is mounted on the door, and there may
also be provided a stop means which limits the
opening oi the door. The stop means is not al
ways used but is preferable inasmuch .as the
cabinets are usually positioned o-n a wall with a
light on either side and some means is usually de
sired to prevent the door from swinging back and
hitting that light which is on the side towards
which the door swings when opened. These cab
inets are more«or less stand-ard in form, being
ordinarily square or rectangular with the door
and mirror conforming to the same conñguration
as the cabinet and usually of the same size.
It is the aim. of the present invention to provide
a cabinet unit having a mirror more artistic in
design, independent of the conñguration of the
cabinet and associated with the cabinet so that
it can be opened or moved in a predescribed path
away from the cabinetVmoving at first substan
tially parallel to the wall until just before the
mirror is opened to its eXtreme position when it
Will then be tilted with the mirror positioned to
one side of one of the lights, thereby being in a
position for more convenient use.
In this move
ment the mirror is also moved away from the
opposite light which is behind the mirror when
same is open to extreme position. This may be
40 carried out by mounting the mirror or mirror
and door upon a double pivoted bracket and hav
ing a double pivoted guide and stop to describe the
movement of the mirror on one pivot in relation
to the movement of the bracket on the other
45 pivot. The guide and stop is disposed to form a
support for one edge of the mirror when same is
opened to extreme position.
»
For a better understanding of the invention,
reference may be made to thev accompanying
50
drawing in which:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a wall section having
mounted thereon a cabinet and mirror unit em
bodying the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a view partly in cross-section looking
55 down from lines 2_2 in Fig. 1;
l designates a portion of a wall recessed to re
ceive a cabinet 2 of any conventional construc
tion.
It is usually rectangular in shape and pro- 10
vided with any number of shelves or divisions
therein. The cabinet may be formed of any suit
able material but is usually of metal painted or
enameled with a decorative coating of any desir~
able color. These units are generally conven- 15
tional fixtures for bath rooms, and are common
ly positioned on the wall adjacent one or between
two light fixtures 3. Heretofore, the doors for
the cabinet and the mirrors mounted thereon
have conformed to the conñguration of the cabi- 20
net and been hinged to one side wall with the
result that the mirror is in position for use only
when the doorA is closed. It swings away and
out of position when the door is opened. One
aim of the invention, among others,»is to have 25
the mirror in convenient position for use both
when the door is opened and closed or in any
intermediate position. The mirror 4 is fixed to
the door or backing 5 by any suitable means such
as clips 6 attached to the door and projecting to 30
engage the marginal edge of the mirror and se
cure it in position. The door and mirror are
mounted upon a bracket 1, that is advantageously
substantially U-shaped in construction with an
intermediate portion 8 fitting into a recess or eye 35
9 of a clip l0, fixed to the door or backing and
with trunnions Il on the legs I2 fitting into the
recesses or eyes I3 of clips I4 on the cabinet.
This bracket connection typil'ies any suitable
means for hinging the door or mirror to the cabin 40
net for the purpose of providing a double pivot
between the cabinet and the door. This arrange
ment permits the entire mirror and door t0 move
outwardly from the wall for a distance equal to
the extent of the legs of the bracket device, with 45
the bracket pivotally connected to the cabinet
and also to the door. The clip may preferably be
formed from a single strap of material about one
inch wide bent at approximately right angles with
the intervening eye portion and end portions 54a ¿50
and Mb. One end Ida contacts with the inside
face of the side wall and the other end |41) pro
jects to contact the underside of the facing
piece |40.
Cooperating with the mirror and cabinet is a 55
2,130,556
2
guide device I5 in order to cause the mirror and
door to move in predescribed path upon the
bracket as the bracket is pivoted. One end of
the guide device is pivoted at I5a toy the cabinet
by a clip I6, and the opposite end is pivoted at
I‘I to the door by a clip I8. The clip I6 which
is attached to the cabinet is preferably located on
a medial line between the side walls of the cabi
net and the length of the guide is slightly less
10 than one half of the width of the cabinet and
about two thirds of the length of the bracket
legs. Accordingly When the mirror is open to
eXtreme position, the bracket will be at about
right angles with the wall and the guide Will be
15 at about a forty-five degree angle or more.
Clip
I6 is preferably spaced a distance from themar
gin of the mirror and will serve more or less as
a back rest together with the bracket when the
door is open. Also in this position the mirror is
20
advantageously placed for reflection from the
light when one is standing before it.
From the above description it will be apparent
that the door upon iirst being opened moves away
from the' cabinet and more or less parallel with
25 the face of the Wall, until just before reaching
its extreme open position, when it will then be
tilted at about a forty-iive degree angle or more
with the Wall. This results in having the mirror
at all times facing directly to one standing in
30 front of it. There is, because of the guide, no
possibility of it swinging against either of the
lights and the guide further permits adjustment
to any angular position from closed to extreme
open position.
While the invention has been described in de
35
tail in reference to one preferred embodiment,
it will be understood that it is not so limited but
that there may be various changes without de
parting from the spirit of the invention.
40
I claim:
'
l. In combination with a Wall cabinet adapted
to be mounted on a wall, a mirror of greater
transverse dimension than the cabinet covering
one side of the cabinet, a bracket having an in
45 termediate portion pivotally connected to the
mirror and terminal portions pivotally connected
to the cabinet, and guide means pivoted ñxedly
to the cabinet and to the mirror at different re
spective points than those at which the bracket
and its intermediate portion are pivotally con
nected to said mirror and cabinet, cooperating
with the bracket to prevent free swinging of the
mirror.
2. In combination with a Wall cabinet adapted
55 to be mounted on a Wall, a mirror of greater
transverse dimension than the cabinet covering
one side of the cabinet, a bracket pivotally con
nected with the mirror intermediately of its side
edges and with the side wall of the cabinet, and
60 a guide pivoted intermediately of the side walls
of the cabinet and also intermediately of the side
edges of the mirror, but at a point different from
that at which the bracket is hinged’to the mir
ror, said guide being less in length than the
65 bracket to cause tilting of the mirror at an angle
to the cabinet.
3. In combination With'a wall cabinet of sub
stantially rectangular conñguration, a substan
tially circular mirror having a diameter as great
70 as the diagonal of the cabinet, a hinge means
for mounting the mirror to Serve as a closure for
the cabinet, and a guide means hinged iixedly
to the mirror, at a diiierent point than that at
which the mirror is connected to the hinge, and
75 to the Cabinet for causing said mirror to move
in a path upon the hinge described by the guide
means.
4. In combination with a substantially rectan
gular cabinet adapted to be mounted on a wall,
a mirror of greater Jtransverse dimension than
the cabinet for covering one side of the cabinet
and hinged thereto by a bracket, a portion of
the bracket ñxedly pivoted to the mirror and an
other portion of the bracket ñxedly pivoted ad
jacent a side wall of the cabinet, and means piv 10
otally connected .at one end to the mirror, at a
point different from that at which the bracket
is hinged to the mirror, and at the other end
to the cabinet intermediate the sides thereof, all
so arranged and the bracket and the means
between their respective pivots being unequal in
length that access to the cabinet is obtained by
moving the door outward and ,toward the side
of the cabinet.
'
5. In combination with a substantially rectan
gular cabinet adapted to be mounted on a wall,
a substantially circular mirror having a diameter
as great as the diagonal of the cabinet of greater
transverse dimension than the cabinet adapted
to be swung out and away from the cabinet, a
bracket having a portion pivotedly connected to
the cabinet and an opposite portion pivotedly
connected to the mirror, and a link of lesser
length than the bracket having one end pivotedly
connected to the cabinet intermediate the sides 30
thereof and the other end pivotedly connected
to the mirror, at a point different from that at
which the bracket is hinged to the mirror, said
bracket and link being pivotedly connected to
the mirror intermediate the top and bottom
thereof.
`
6. In combination with a substantially rectan
gular cabinet adapted to be mounted Von a wall
having top and bottom walls surrounding a re
cessed portion, a substantially circular mirror 40
of greater transverse dimension than the cabinet
forming a closure for the recessed portion, said
mirror hinged by a suitable bracket to the cabi
net for opening and closing same, a portion of
the bracket ñxedly pivoted to the mirror and
another portion of the bracket ûxedly pivoted
adjacent a side Wall of the cabinet, and a link
pivotedly connected at one end to the mirror,
at a point different from that at which the
bracket is hinged to the mirror, and at the other
end to the cabinet, all so arranged to cause the
mirror when being opened to move initially out
ward from the cabinet and towards one side wall
in a plane substantially parallel with the front
of the cabinet and then on lfurther movement
to assume an angle to the front of the cabinet.
'7. In combination with a substantially rectan
gular cabinet adapted to be mounted on a Wall
having top and bottom walls surrounding a re
cessed portion, a substantially circular mirror
of greater transverse dimension than the cabinet
forming a closure for the recessed portion, said
mirror hinged by a suitable bracket to the cabi
net for opening and closing same, a portion of
the bracket ñxedly pivoted to the mirror and 65
another portion of the bracket ñxedly pivoted
adjacent a side wall of the cabinet, and a link
pivotedly connected at one end to the mirror,
at a point different from that at which the
bracket is hinged to the mirror, and at the other
end to the cabinet, all so arranged to provide a
mirror which irrespective of its position is out
side of the recessed portion and to cause the
mirror when being opened to move initially out~
ward from the cabinet and towards one side wall
2,180,556
in a plane substantially parallel with the front
of the cabinet and then on further movement
to assume an angle to the front of the cabinet.
8. In combination with a substantially rectan
gular cabinet adapted to be mounted on a wall
having top and bottom side walls surrounding a
recessed portion, a substantially circular closure
having a diameter as great as the diagonal of the
cabinet of greater transverse dimension than the
10 cabinet for the recessed portion hinged by a
suitable bracket to the cabinet for opening and
closing same, a portion of the bracket ñxedly
pivoted to the closure and another portion ofthe
3
bracket fixedly pivoted adjacent a side wall of
the cabinet, and a link pivotedly connected at one
end to the closure and at the other end to the
cabinet, all so arranged to support the closure,
at a point different from that at which the
bracket is hinged to the mirror, outside of the
recessed portion of the cabinet and to cause the
closure when opened to move initially outward
from the cabinet and towards one side Wall in a
plane substantially parallel with the front of
the cabinet and then on further movement to 10
assume an angle to the front of the cabinet.
HARLEY H. MILLER.
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