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Патент USA US2130770

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Sept; 20, 1938.
'v_ LOMBARDI
‘
2,130,770
KNITTED FABRIC
Filed March 18, 1937
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2,130,770
V. LOMBARDI
KNITTED FABRIC
_ Filed Maron 18, 1937
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2,130,770
Patented Sept. 20, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,130,110
mmc rnnmc
Vincent Lombardi, Garden City, N. Y., assignor to
Lombardi Knitting Machine Co. Inc., New York,
N. Y., a corporation of New York
Application March 18, 1937, Serial No. 131,667
36 Claims. (Cl. 66-190)
` This invention relates to knitted fabric and
particularly to design fabrics.
x,
This application is a continuation in part of
my co-pending application Serial No. 114,317,
filed December 5, 1936.
An object of the invention is the provision of
v_knitted fabric embodying designs of distinctive
and attractive types.
l
Other objects of the invention will in part‘be
.obvious and will in part appear hereinafter.
The invention accordingly comprises an article
of manufacture possessing the- features, proper
in. Moreover, Vthere are various types of designs
which, so far as is known, it has been impossible
to produce in known types of fabrics. ,
With the foregoing and other considerations- in
view, the present invention contemplates the pro
vision of types of fabric having attractive design
effects on what would normally be the back of the
fabric, and of various types of fabric wherein var
ious yarns are embodied in the fabric in a par
ticularly
manner.
attractive
and
otherwise
desirable 10
ß
In accordance with the invention yarn of one
ties, and the relation of elements which will be ` or more characters may be knitted, as, for in
exemplified in the article hereinafter described
and the scope of the application of which will be
indicated in the claims.
For a fuller understanding of the nature and
objects of the invention reference should be had
to the following detailed description taken in con
20 nection with the accompanying drawings, in
which:
i
Figure 1 is a somewhat diagrammatic rear
View of a fabric embodying several types of de
sign formationof the character contemplated by
the invention;
Fig. 2 is a similar view of a modified form of
stance, in the production of Jersey cloth, or may
be otherwise arranged, as in a modified Jersey
cloth, wherein, in any given portion. yarn of one
character will be knitted and yarn of another
character caught into the fabric so as to appear
primarily on the back thereof, as, for instance,
by being interlocked in the manners exemplified
in my Patents Nos. 1,541,230 and 1,728,293; and
at the rear of said fabric in one or more particu
lar portions thereof which have a limited extent
course-wise of the fabric, an additional yarn may
be caught into the fabric in any of a number of
desirable ways, so as to appear primarily on what
fabric embodying the invention;
would ordinarily be the back of the fabric.
Fig.` 3 is an enlarged detail showing of a section
of the fabric of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a View similar to Figs. 1 and 2 show
ing a further modification;
Fig. 5 is a similar view showing another modi
accordance with the invention, in one of its more
In
specific aspects, the additional yarn may be
caught between the loops of the knitted yarn in
spaced wales in certain courses thereof, and the
ends of the additional yarn cut oñî at the lateral
p edges of the portions wherein it appears. Such
fication; and
_
Fig. 6 is a similar view showing‘still another yarn may be caught in any desired spaced ones
of the wales in the portion or portions wherein it 35
modification.
'
Design fabric wherein yarn of one character
is knitted at one portion and yarn of another
character is knitted at another portion have been
known for years, as have fabrics wherein one or
if) more yarns are not used in the knitting but are
caught into the fabric thruout the same or caught
into the fabric thruout certain portions and car
ried loosely behind the fabric throuout other por
tions. Fabrics of the first type have embodied
- various types of designs which give an> attrac
tive appearance to the front of the fabric, where
as the rear of the fabric presents an appear
ance which is not sufficiently attractive so that
this face of the fabric is adapted for normal ex
50 posure; and fabrics of the latter type either lack
design effects on the back altogether or combine
the disadvantages of loose loops which will not
vstay in place and which will tend to catch and
appears, preferably being caught in different
wales in different courses, and desirably, in many
instances, being caught in alternate wales in each
of the courses thruout which it extends. When
the portion in which the additional yarn is pres
ent at the back of the fabric already contains a
yarn which is caught in the fabric as by inter
locking in spaced wales, the additional yarn is
preferably caught in different wales in each course
than those wales in that course in which the 45
yarn which extends thru the parts of the fabric
at the sides of the portion in question is caught;
but, as will be apparent, this is not essential, and
various desirable design effects may be had i1
various instances wherein the additional yarn 50
may also, in accordance with the invention, in
stead of being cut oil’ at ¿its ends at the side of
each portion in which it is present, be continuous
tear, and of a modified' appearance of the por- , and extend back and- forth at such portions. `
tions of the fabric thruout which they are caught
In accordance with thek invention, moreover,
55
.
2
2,130,770
design effects may be provided by
extend
ing back and forth across portions of a fabric and
ì caught at ,thelateral edgesfofsaidportions„being
\ caught insome instances only at said lateral
T'he yarn 21 is caught in wales d, f, h, y', and I
in courses 3 and 5 and is caught in Wales e, 9*, i, Ic,
-and m in courses 4 and 6; although, as will be
understood, the additional yarn may be caught
in the same wale thruout the courses without
departing from the invention in certain of its
broader aspects. At the lateral edges of the por
tion A of the fabric the yarn 21 isv cut olf in each
course as at 28 and 29, so that this yarn will
neither extend over other portions of the fabric 10
nor will it affect the character of the design
just described on the rear of the fabric. The
catching of the yarn into the fabric is suñicient in
ordinary cases to hold it in the place wherein
it is caught; and the finishing of the cloth will 15
take care of reducing the ends at 28 and 29 to
a sufficient shortness so that they will not present
an undesirable appearance. Fabric embodying
such a portion, when finished, may be employed
in garments with the "rear” portion 'of the 20
fabric exposed, and will give an exceedingly de
sirable effect. It may likewise, as will be ap
edges and in other instances being also caught
elsewhere.
-
Further in accordance with the invention in
certain of its more specific aspects, there may be
provided a fabric having a portion wherein the
additional yarn is. present, which portion runs
diagonally of the fabric or is otherwise particu
larly arranged.
While the invention contemplates the provision'
of the additional yarn only at those portions of
15 the fabric where the design effect is desired, the
yarn may, in certain instances embraced by
the invention in its broader aspects, extend from
one portion in which it is present to another
portion in which it is present in a single strand
running, ordinarily, generally Wale-wise of the
fabric, and it is to be understood that the ex
pressions such as “substantially present only in
particular portions of the fabric” do not exclude
parent, be employed in garments with the “front”
portion of the fabric exposed in instances when
subdued design effects are desired.
25
such an arrangement.
25
Not only is it advantageous to provide designs
' In the portion B,--which includes that part of
course 8 embracing wales c thru l, that part of
course 9 embracing wales b thru k, and that por
tion of course Ill embracing wales a thru 7`,-in
a yarn 30 (which may be green yarn) is caught 30
on- what would ordinarily be the rear of a fabric
in cases'where it is desired to use the “rear” of
the fabric as the exposed or outer portion of a
garment, so as to take advantage of the novel
30 design effects; but also, in cases where the front
of the fabric forms the major portion of the out
side of a garment, there are instances, as in
between a loop in one row and a loop in an ad
jacent row in wales c, f, z’,~ and l in course 8, in
wales b, e, h, and Ic in course 9, and in wales a,
lapels, cuffs, etc. for instance, where the fabric
d, g, and :i in course I0, extends entirely at the
desirably bent over, so that the rear of the fabric
35 would appear on the outside, and in such in
rear of the fabric in the intervening wales, and 35
is cut off at its ends, as at 3I and 32.
stances design portions in such parts of a fabric
In portion c,--which includes wéues g thru i'
maybe provided in accordance with the inven
tion.
in course I4, f'thru i in course I5, and e thru h
in course I8,--- a yarn 33 (which may be brown
yarn) is caught along with the yarn 26 in Wales g 40
of course I4, f of course I5, and e of course I6,
and is also caught between a loop in one row
and a loop in an adjacent row in wale 7' of course
I4, i of course I5, and h of course Iii-extending
entirely at the rear of the fabric in the inter
Again, in portions which are not ordi
narily exposed, but which are exposed by the
40 ñapping of a garment or by taking off a garment,
it is desirable in many instances that a design
appear, and designs for such parts can readily be
provided in accordance with the invention. Also,
various types of design effects may be secured
45 on one or both sides of the fabric in accordance
with the invention.
The fabric shown in Fig. 1 embodies yarn 25
of one character (for instance white yarn),
which in courses I thru I2 is interknit to pro
50 vide a Jersey-type -fabric. In courses I3-22
the fabric is of a Jersey-type frabric of a modi
fied Jersey character and embodies another main
yarn 26 (which may be blue yarn) which is
caught between the loops of one row and the
loops of an adjacent row in alternate Wales of
fabric thruout'wales a thru n. In wales o thru 1'
in these courses the blue yarn is knitted and
the white yarn carried to the rear of the fabric
and caught between loops in adjacent rows in
60 alternate wales. As will be seen, the yarn 28
is caught in wales b, d, Í, h, 7', l, and n in
courses I3, I5, I1, etc., and in wales a, c, e, g, i, k,
and m in courses I4, I6, I8, etc. The white yarn,
on the -other hand, is caught in the same wales
65 thruout the portion where it is not knitted, i. e.
in wales p and T.
In that portion A of the fabric including
_
vening wales, and being cut oif at its ends in
each course, as at 34 and 35.
In portion D,--which extends from Wale d
thru wale y’ in courses I8 and 20 and from wale e
thru Wale z' in course I9-a yarn 36 (which may 50
be a blue yarn) is caught, between a loop in one
row and a loop in an adjacent row, in those
wales wherein the yarn 26 is not caught, i. e. in
wales d, f, h, and :i in courses I8 and 20, and in
Wales e, g, and i in course I9. The ends of the 55
yarn 36 in each course are cut off, as at 31 and 38.
It is to be noted that constructions such as
shown in the lower part of Fig. 1 are admirably
adapted for use in fabrics designed for “coat
ings”, wherein a heavy fabric with resistance. to 60
stretching is desired.
p
As will be seen, the yarn 21, 30, 33, and 31,
which may be considered as additional yarn ap
pears only at the portions in question, and the
remainder of the fabric embodies only the main
yarn, which consists of the yarn 25 in the upper
portion of the fabric, and comprises the yarns
courses 3 thru 6 and wales d thru m the fabric
25 and 26 in the lower portion of the fabric. As
embodies an additional yarn 21 (which may be
70 red yarn). This yarn runs course-wise of the
fabric and is caught therein between loo‘ps in one
will also be apparent, any particular part of the
row and loops in an adjacent row in alternate
wales thereof, extending entirely to the rear of
wales a thru n and courses I3 thru I1 may be
considered as a knitted fabric wherein the yarn
the fabric at intervening wales so that the yarn
will appear primarily on the rear of the fabric,
additional yarn,
entire showing of Fig. 1 may be considered as a 70
knitted fabric.
For instance, the part embracing
25, is the knitted yarn and the yarn 33 is the
75
3
2,130,770
fabric, Which, in the present instance, extends
As Will be apparent, two additional yarns, such
as the yarn 21 for example, may, if desired, be
utilized in one or more courses of any desired
portion or portions of the fabric, and may be "
This yarn extends generally course-Wise back and
caught in the same or different Wales in a course
forth across the portion of the fabric Where it is
in which they appear in accordance With the
present, and is caught only at the lateral edges
of such portion,-in the Wales i' and n' in the
invention.
In Fig. 2 there is shown a Jersey-type fabric
of the modified Jersey character wherein, thruout
a plurality of Wales including wales s--z and a
plurality of courses including courses IDI-|06,
main yarn 40 (which may be White yarn) is knit,
and wherein another main yarn 4| (which may
be'red yarn, but may, if desired, also be White
15 yarn) is caught between a loop of one roW and a
loop of an adjacent row in alternate Wales (the
Wales s, u, w, and y) in successive courses. In a
portion E of the fabric, including wales »12, w,
and œ in courses |02--|05, other yarn 42 (which
20 may be blue yarn) is provided at the rear of the
fabric, being caught between a loop in one row
and a loop in an adjacent row in Wales v and :1:
thruout courses |02--| 05. As Will be seen, in por
tion E there is a yarn-either the yarn 4| or the
25 yarn 42-~caught between adjoining loops in each
Wale and in each course. In the enlarged show
ing of Fig. 3 the character of the fabric is illus
trated in more detail. In the present instance,
instead of the yarn 42 being cut off at its ends
30 in each course, it extends tightly across the
from Wale i' to Wale n', there is provided an
additional yarn 49 (which may be blue yarn).
present instance,--but drawn substantially tight
ly between the portions Where it is caught. The
yarn 49 is, in this instance, caught by a single 10
turn of White yarn 41 at each point Where it is
caught. 'I‘he manner in which a yarn such as 40
may extend back and forth across the fabric may
be varied. For instance, as exemplified, yarn 49
is caught in Wale i' of course |20, then in Wale n' 15
of course |2|, then in Wale z" of course |22, then
in Wale n’ and also in Wale i’ of course |23, then
in Wale n' and also in Wale i’ of course |24, and
then in Wale n' of course |25. It is to be ob
served that in the present instance the yarn 20
runs upwardly thru the turn of white yarn which
catches it at one side, and is bent over itself
before` it reaches th-e other side. As Will be ap
parent, the particular Wales in which the yarn is
caught at the edges of the portion Whereat it is 25
present may be varied, so as to give a diagonal
zigzag or other conformation to such portion.
As will be appreciated, yarn such as the yarns
42, 46, andv 49 may be caught and arranged in
various manners, as, for instance, by being caught 30
fab-ric from the Wale v in course |02 to the Wale :c
in course |03 and similarly between successive
courses, and thus extends back and forth thruout
in spaced Wales in various courses as they extend
back and forth along the same, and may extend
the portion Where it is present. The ends of the
give particular design effects. As above indicated,
35 yarn 42 may either be cut off or may extend
across the back of the fabric to another design
portion. The end in Wale œ of course |02 is in
dicated as extending across the4 fabric toward
another design portion (not shown), and the end
44 in Wale v of course |05 is indicated as being
cut off in a manner similar to the ends of the
yarns 21, 30, etc. in Fig. 1.
In Fig. 4 there is exemplified a form of fabric,
such as disclosed in my said co-pending applica
tion Serial No. 114,317, wherein yarn 45 (which
may be White yarn) is knitted in the Jersey
manner thruout a plurality of Wales including
Wal-es a’--h’ and thruout a number of courses
including courses | |0--| I9. Yarn 46 (Which may
50 be blue yarn) is provided at the rear of the fabric
in a portion F extending Wale-Wise of the fabric
to give a stripe effect. The yarn 46 is caught
between a loop of knitted yarn in one row and
a loop of knitted yarn in an adjacent row in
over different parts of different courses so as to
moreover, the additional yarn may extend from 35
one portion Where it is present to another portion
Where it is present, Without departing from the
invention. In Fig. 6 there is indicated a form of
fabric exemplifying modifications such as above
noted. This fabric comprises main yarn 50
(which may be White yarn) and which is knitted
thruout the piece of fabric shown, and a second
main yarn 5| (which may be red yarn) which is
caught in spaced Wales thruout the courses, being
in the present instance caught in the Wale q' and
alternate succeeding Wales thruout even numbered
ones of the courses |30 et seq. and in the Wale r'
and alternate succeeding Wales thruout the odd
numbered ones of the courses |30 et seq.
The
yarn 5|, as exemplified, is caught between a loop 50
in one roW and a loop in an adjacent roW at the
points Where it is caught, and appears otherwise
on the back of the fabric in the usual manner in
the case of a modified Jersey fabric of the “inter
lock” type. An additional yarn 52 (Which may be 55
55 Wales b', e', and y’; the yarn 46 extending tightly
across the back of the fabric from the Wale b'
in one course to the Wale g’ in another course.
It thus extends back and forth at the rear of the
to be present substantially only at design por
fabric.
It Will be appreciated that a yarn extending
these portions it is caught at various points, ordi
back and forth across the fabric, as in Figs. 2
narily'between a loop in one row and a loop in an
adjacent row. The yarn 52 consists of a single
60
„and 4, may be caught into the fabric in its return
course as well as in its forward course. When it
blue yarn) is caught into the piece of fabric shown
so as to appear primarily at the rear thereof, and
tions, tWo of which are shown at H and I.
In
60
" In Fig. 5 there is shown a type of modiñed
strand, in the present instance, and extends to the
portion H as from another design portion, being
caught in the Wale u’ of course |3|. Thence it 65
extends to Wale r' of course |32, being caught at
this point and also at Wales t', v', and œ' of this
Jersey fabric, Which is particularly adapted for
course.
use in coatings. This fabric comprises main yarn
41 (Which may be White yarn) Which is knitted,
and another main yarn 48 (Which may be red
yarn) which is caught between a loop in one row
and a loop in an adjacent row in spaced Wales
(in the present instance alternate Wales) of the
knitted yarn. At the rear of a portion G of the
and is caught in Wales w', u', s', and q’; extending
is so caught in the forward and return courses,
65 it may be caught at the same or different Wales
as desired.
Thence it extends to Wale y' of course |33
from Wale q’ in course |33 to Wale 1" in course |34, , 70
in which course it is caught in Wales T', t', u', and
œ’. It extends from Wale œ’ in course' |34 to Wale
w’ in course |35 Where it is likewise caught, be
ing caught also in Wales u’ and s’ in this course.
Thence it extends to Wale u' in course |39 Where it 75
4
2,130,770
is caught and begins the formation of the design
portion I; extending thence to course |40 where it
is caught in wales t" and v', and thence to succeed
ing courses (not shown)- wherein the portion I is
completed. If desired, it may be caught into the
fabric intermediate the design portions, as at wale
t’ of course |31. As will be observed, the portion
H is a design portion of particular conformation.
and all statements of the scope of the invention
above, below or at the sides or corners of a given
ably spaced from the given design portion. It will
30 also be appreciated that design portions of various
characters, such as exemplified or contemplated
by the invention, may be embodied in base fabrics
of various characters-withoutdeparting from the
invention in its broader aspects. For example,
35 design portions such as exemplified in Figs. 4 and
75
specific features of the invention herein described,
which as a matter of language might be said to fall 10
design portion, or at all of these places, and suit
70
It is also to be understood that the following
claims are intended to cover all of the -generic and _
emplified herein may, as will be understood, be
tibn.
As will be apparent, the design yarn in all of
thed'lgures is disposed generally at the rear of the
15 Iground yarn, and is caught into the fabric under
sinker loops of the knitted yarn (when the fabric
is viewed from the “rear”--which term, as above
set forth, is used herein to designate that side of
the fabric which is uppermost in the drawings
regardless of which side of the fabric will be ex
posed in use).
It will be appreciated that, although because of
space limitations only one design portion of each
type is illustrated, design portions more or less
25 similar to those exemplified will ordinarily be pro
vided in a large piece of fabric, being provided
65
accompanying` drawings shall be interpreted as
illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
The conformation of design portions such as ex
widely varied without departing from the inven
55
tion could be made without departing from the
scope thereof, it is intended that all matter con
tained in the above description or shown in the
therebetween.
The invention claimed is:
l. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
out the *fabric and at least certain of which is 15
knitted yarn; and also embodying additional
yarn which is present at only a part of the course
wise extent of the fabric, which is generally at
the rear of the knitted yarn, and which, in each
of a plurality of courses, extends in an undu
20
lating manner, is caught under sinker loops of
the- knited yarn, and is unconnected with any
other coursewise extents of said additional yarn;
a portion of the fabric at at least one side of
said coursewise extents of said additional yarn .25
being composed only of said ground yarn.
2. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
out the fabric and at least certain of which is
knitted yarn; and also embodying additional yarn
which is present at only a part of the coursewise
extent of the fabric, which is generally at the
rear of the knitted yarn, and which, in `each of a
plurality of courses, extends in an undulating
manner, is caught under sinker loops of the 35
6 respectively may be superposed on base fabrics knitted yarn, and is unconnected with any other
such as shown in either of these figures or in the' coursewise extents of said additional yarn; the`
lower part of Fig. 1, among others.
portions of the fabric at both sides of said course
It will be understood that yarn caught into Awise extents of said additional yarn being com
fabric in the manners exemplified in Fig. 3 and posed only of said ground yarn.
40
others of the figures may be considered as caught
3. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
between the two sides of (the bottom of a com
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
plete) loop in one row and the two sides of (the
out the fabric and at least a portion of which is
top of a complete) loop in an adjacent row.
knitted yarn; and also embodying additional
As will be understood, yarn of characters which yarn which is present at only a partof the course
contrast in other ways than in color; such, for wise extent of the fabric in a plurality of courses, 45
instance, as wool yarn and rayon yarn, thin yarn and which extends coursewise in an undulating
and thick yarn, etc., may be embodied in a fabric, manner, is caught under sinker loops of the
instead of yarn of different colors, so as to give knitted yarn, and is cut off beyond its undulat
design effects in accordance with the invention. ing portions in at least certain of its coursewise
50
Moreover, in certain aspects, the invention con
extents; a portion of the fabric at at least one
templates the provision of yarn of .the same char
side of said coursewise extents of said additional
acter whose mere presence will give a different yarn being composed only of said ground yarn.
character to the portion where it is present'. For
4. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
the sake of facility of expression, the term “Jersey ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru 55
type” is utilized herein as applied to fabric where out the fabric and at least a portion of which
the knitted yarn is knit in Jersey fashion, whether is knitted yarn; and also embodying design yarn
or not other yarns are laid in or otherwise incor
which is present at only a part of the coursewise
porated in the fabric, and whether or not yarns extent of the fabric, which is generally at the
laid in or otherwise incorporated with yarn which rear of the knitted yarn, and which extends 60
is knitted in Jersey fashion at one part of the coursewise in an rundulating manner across a
fabric are knitted in vJersey fashion at another multiplicity of wales in a plurality of courses,
part where the yarn knitted in the ñrst part is is caught under sinker loops of the knitted yarn,
laid in or otherwise incorporated. In other
and is cut off at points beyond its undulating
words, references to fabric of the “Jersey type” portions in at least certain of its coursewise ex 65
are intended to indicate fabric wherein the base tents; the portions of the fabric at both sides of
fabric at any particular part thereof includes said coursewise extents of said additional yarn
yarn knitted in the Jersey fashion, Thus, the being composed only of said ground yarn.
various types of fabric disclosed in my Patents
5. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
1,728,293 issued September 17, 1929, and 2,002,271 ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru 70
issued May 21, 1935, are, among others, included out the fabric; and also embodying additional
in said definition, as well as fabric wherein the
yarn which is present at only a part of the course
base fabric is unmodified Jersey thruout.
wise extent of the fabric, which is generally at
Since certain changes may be made in the above the rear of the ground yarn, and which, in each
article and different embodiments`ofthe inven
of a plurality of courses, extends coursewise in an 75
2,180,770
undulating manner, is caught under sinker loops
of ground yarn, and is unconnected with any
other coursewise extent of said additional yarn;
a portion of the fabric at at least one side of
said coursewise extents of said additional‘yarn
being composed only of said ground yarn.
6. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
out the fabric and at least certain of which is
10 knitted yarn; and also embodying additional yarn
which is present at only a part of the coursewise
extent of the fabric, which is generally at the
rear of the knitted yarn, and which, in each of
a plurality of courses, extends coursewise in an
15 undulating manner, is caught in a plurality of
wales between the two sides of a loop in one row
andthe two sides of a loop in an adjacent row,
and is unconnected with any other coursewise
extents of said additional yarn; a portion of the
20 fabric at at least one side of said coursewise ex
tents of said additional yarn being composed only
of said ground yarn.
'7. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
25 out the fabric and at least a portion of which is
knitted yarn; and also embodying a plurality of
unconnected strands of additional yarn which
extend in an undulating manner coursewise of
the fabric, said strands being disposed in a suc
30 cession 'extending in a walewise direction, and
5
under sinker loops of the knitted yarn; said
additional yarn providing in at least a portion
of said part of the fabric a design conformation
of diagonal contour; the portions of the fabric
at both sides of said coursewise extents of said
additional yarn being composed only of said '
ground yarn.
«
11. A knitted fabric of the‘Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
out the fabric and at least certain of which is
knitted yarn; and also embodying additional
yarn which is present at only a part of the course
wise extent of the fabric, which is generally at
the rear of the knitted yarn, and which, in each
of a plurality of courses, extends coursewise in an 15
undulating manner and is caught in a plurality of
wales between the two sides of a loop in one row
and the two sides of a loop in an adjacent row;
a portion of the fabric at at least one side of said
coursewise extents of said additional yarn being 20
composed only of said ground yarn.
'
12. ,A knitted fabric‘of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yyarn which extends coursewise thru
out the fabric and at least certain of which is
knitted yarn; and also embodying design yarn 25,
which is present at only a part of the coursewise
extent of the fabric in a plurality of courses,
which is generally at the rear of the knitted yarn,
and which extends coursewise in an undulating
manner and is caught under sinker loops of the 30
said additional yarn being generally at the rear ' knitted yarn in each of a plurality of successive
of the knitted yarn and being present at only a coursewise conformations of said additional yarn;
part of the fabric of limited coursewise extent; ` a portion of the fabric at at least one side of said
a portion of the fabric at at least one side of said coursewise extents of said additional yarn being
35
35 coursewisevextents of said additional yarn being . composed only of said ground yarn.
13. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
composed only of said ground yarn.
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
8. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
out the fabric and at least a portion of which is
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
out the fabric and at least certain of which is knitted yarn; and also embodying additional yarn
40 knitted yarn; and also embodying additional yarn which is present at only a part of the coursewise 40
which is present at only a part of the coursewise ext/ent of the fabric, and which is generally at
extent of the fabric, which is generally at the the rear of the knitted yarn, and which, in each
rear of the knitted yarn, and which extends
coursewise in an undulating manner in each of a
45 plurality of successive coursewise conformations
of the additional yarn, and which, in said course
wise conformations, is caught under sinker loops
of a plurality of courses, extends coursewise in an
undulating manner, and is caught under sinker
loops of the knitted yarn, certain of the undulat 45
ing coursewise conformations of said additional
yarn being of different extent than other of the
of the knitted yarn; a portion of the fabric at at ‘ coursewise conformations of said additional yarn;
least one side of said coursewise extents of said a portion of the fabric at at least one side of said
additional
yarn being ~composed only of said coursewise extents of said additional yarn being 50
50
composed only of said ground yarn.
_
ground yarn.
14. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
9. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody- .
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
out the fabric and at least certain of which is out the fabric and at least certain of which is
knitted yarn; and also embodying an additional 55
55 knitted yarn; and also embodying vadditional
yarn which is present at only a part of the yarn which is present at only a part of the
coursewise extent of the fabric, which is generally coursewise extent of the fabric, which is generally
at the _rear of the knitted yarn, and which, in at the rear of the knitted yarn, and which ex
each of a plurality of courses, extends coursewise tends coursewise in an undulating manner in each
in an undulating manner across a multiplicity of of a plurality of successive coursewise conforma 60
wales of the knitted yarn and is caught under i tions of the additional yarn, and which, in said
sinker loops of the knitted yarn at a multiplicity coursewise conformations, is caught under sinker
of points intermediate certain ones of said wales; loops of the knitted yarn.
15. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type cm
a portion of the fabric at at least one side of said
coursewise extents of said additional'yarn being
composed only of said ground yarn.
10. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
out the fabric and at least certain of which is
70 knitted yarn; and also embodying additional yarn
bo'dying groundv yarn which extends coursewise 65
thruout the fabric and at least certain of which
is knitted yarn; and also embodying a design
yarn .which is present at only a part of the
coursewise extent of the fabric in a plurality of
courses, which is generally at the rear of the 70,
which is generally at the rear of the knitted yarn, l knitted yarn, and which extends across a multi
which is present at only a part of the'coursewise plicity of wales in an undulating manner and is
extent of the fabric in a plurality of courses, caught under sinker loops of the knitted yarn in
and which extends coursewise in an undulating a plurality of successive coursewise conforma
75
75 manner in at least one direction and is caught tions of said additional yarn.
6
2,130,770
' 1_6. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type em
bodying ground yarn which extends coursewise
thruout the fabric and at least certain of which
is knitted yarn; and also >embodying additional
yarn which is present at only a part of the
coursewise extent of the fabric, which is generally
at the rear of the knitted yarn, and which ex
tends back and forth across a multiplicity of
Wales and extends in an undulating manner in
10 at least one direction, the undulating extents of
said additional yarn being caught under sinker
loops of the knitted yarn at a multiplicity of
points intermediate certain ones of said wales.
17. A knitted fabric of .the Jersey type embody
16 ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
out the fabric and at least certain of which ls
knitted yarn; and also embodying additional
yarn which is present at only a part of the course
wise extent of the fabric, which is generally at
20 the rear of the knitted yarn, and which, in each
of a plurality of> courses, extends coursewise in
an undulating manner and is caught under sink
er loops of the knitted yarn; and said additional
'yarn being so arranged as to provide a design
25 portion wherein said additional yarn is caught
into the fabric in a plurality of successive course
wise conformations and to provide atleast one
other design portion wherein said additional yarn
-is caught into the fabric in a plurality of succes
30 sive coursewise conformations and which is
spaced from the aforesaid design portion in a
generally walewise direction, there being between
said design portions at least one course of knitted
yarn in which said additional yarn is not caught.
35
yarn which is present at only a part of the,
coursewise extent of the fabric, which is general
ly at the rear of the knitted yarn, and which
extends continuously back and forth to provide a
plurality of forward and return coursewise con
formations each extending in an undulating
manner and being caught under sinker loops of
the knitted yarn, certain of said conformations
being of different length than other of said con
10
formations.
22. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
out the fabric and at least certain of which is
knitted yarn; and also embodying a design yarn
which is present at only a part of the coursewise 15
extent of the fabric, which is generally at the
rear of the knitted yarn, and which extends con
tinuously back and forth to provide a plurality
of forward and return coursewise conformations
each extending in an undulating manner across
a multiplicity of wales of the knitted yarn and
being caught under sinker loops of the knitted
yarn at a multiplicity of points.
23. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru 25
out the fabric and at least certain of which is
knitted yarn; and also embodying additional yarn
which is present at only a part of the coursewise
extent of the fabric in a plurality of courses,
which is generally at the rear of the knitted yarn, 30
and which extends continuously back'and forth
to provide a plurality of forward and return
coursewise conformations each extending in an
undulating unknitted manner, being caught
18. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
out the fabric; and also embodying additional
under sinker loops of the knitted yarn at a mul
yarn which is present at-only a part of the course
wise extent of the fabric, which is generally at
the rear of the ground yarn, and which extends
coursewise in an undulating -manner and is
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
caught under sinker loops of groundyarn in
each of a plurality of successive coursewise con
formations of said additional yarn; a portion of
45 the fabric at at least one side of said course
wise extents of said additional yarn being com
posed only of said ground yarn.
Y 19. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
50 out the fabric and at least certain of which is
'knitted yarn; and also embodying additional
yarn which is present at only a part of the course
tiplicity of points.
24; A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
out the fabric; and also embodying additional '
yarn which `is present at only a part of the 40
coursewise extent ofthe fabric, which is general
ly at the rear of the ground yarn, and which
extends continuously back and forth to provide
a plurality of forward and return coursewise con
formations each extending in an undulating 45
manner and being caught under sinker loops of
ground yarn.
25. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
out the fabric and at least certain of which is
knitted yarn; and also embodying additional yarn ,
‘ which is present at only a part of the coursewise
~wise extent of the fabric, which is generally at
extent of the fabric, which is generally at the
- the rear of the knitted yarn, and which extends
rear of the knitted yarn, and which extends
55 continuously back and forth to provide a plural
ity of forward and return coursewise conforma
tions each extending in an undulating manner
continuously back and forth to provide a‘plural
ity of forward and return coursewiseconforma
tions each extending in an undulating manner
and being caught under sinker loops vof the
and being caught under sinker loops of the
knitted yarn.
20. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise thru
out the fabric and at least certain of which is
knitted yarn; and also embodying additional yarn
which is `present at only a part of the coursewise
extent of the fabric, which is generally at the rear
of the knitted yarn, and which extends contin
uously back and forth in different courses of the
knitted yarn to provide a plurality of forward
and return coursewise conformations each ex
70 tending in an undulating manner and being
caught under sinker loops of the knitted yarn.
21. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type embody
ing ground yarn which extends coursewise -thruout the fabric and at least certain of which is
75 knitted yarn; and also embodying additional
35
`
knitted yarn; the return conformations of the
additional yarn being caught into the fabric in 60
different relation to the ground yarn than the
forward conformations thereof.
26. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type em
bodying ground yarn which extends coursewise
thruoutfthe fabric and at least certain of which 65
is knitted yarn; and also embodying additional
yarn which is present at only a part of the
coursewise extent of the fabric, which is gen
erally at the rear of the knitted yarn, and which
extends continuously back and forth to provide 70
a plurality of forward and return course-wise
conformations each extending in an undulating
manner and beingcaught under sinker loops of
the knitted yarnçwthe undulations of the addi
tional yarn as it runs in one direction being dis
7
2,130,770
poseddiiferently from the undulations of the
any one course in which said supplemental yarn
additional yarn as it runs in the other direction.
27. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type em
and said additional yarn both appear.
bodying ground yarn which extends coursewise
thruout the fabric and at least certain of which
is knitted yarn; and also embodying additional
yarn which is present at only a part of the course
wise extent of the fabric, which is generally at
the rear of the knitted yarn, and which extends
10 continuously back and forth to provide a plu-‘
rality of forward and return coursewise confor
mations each extending in an undulating man
ner, and being caught in a plurality of wales
between the two sides of a loop in one row and
the two sides of a loop in an adjacent row.
28. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type em
bodying ground yarn which extends coursewise
thruout the fabric and which at any particular
portion of the fabric comprises knitted yarn and
20 yarn caught into the fabric in an unknitted man
ner; and also embodying additional yarn which
is present at only a part of the coursewise extent
of the fabric, which is generally at the rear of the
knitted yarn, and which, in each of a plurality
.
32. A knitted fabric of the -Jersey type em
bodying ground yarn which extends coursewise
thruout the fabric and which at any particular
portion of the fabric comprises knitted yarn
and yarn caught into the fabric in an unknitted
manner; and also embodying additional yarn
which is present at only a part of the coursewise
extent of the fabric, which is generally at the
rear of the knitted yarn, and which, in each of a
plurality of courses, extends coursewise in an
undulating manner and isv caught in a plurality
of wales between the two sides of a loop in one
row and the two sides of a loop in an adjacent
row.
33. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type em
bodying ground yarn which extends coursewise
thruout the fabric andwhich at any particular
portion of the fabric comprises knitted yarn 20
and yarn caught into the fabric in an unknitted
manner; and also embodying additional yarn
which is present at only a part of the course
wise extent of the fabric in a plurality of
courses, which is generally at the rear of the 25
ground yarn, and which extends coursewise in an
of courses, extends coursewise in an undulating
manner, and is caught under sinker loops of the
knitted yarn.
_ undulating manner and is caught under sinker
29. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type em
loops of the knitted' yarn.
bodying ground yarn which extends coursewise
34. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type em-I'
30 thruout the fabric and which at any particular
bodying ground yarn which extends coursewise 30
portion of the fabric comprises knitted yarn and thruout the fabric and which at any particular
yarn caught into the fabric in an unknitted man
portion of the fabric comprises knitted yarn
ner; and also embodying additional yarn which and yarn caught into the fabric in an unknitted
is present at only a part of the coursewise ex
manner; and also embodying additional yarn
tent of the fabric, which is generally at the rear which is present at only a part of the coursewise 35
of the knitted yarn, and which, in each of a extent of the fabric, which is generally at the
plurality of courses, extends coursewise in an rear of the knitted yarn, and which extends con
undulating manner, is caught under sinker loops tinuously back and forth to provide a plurality
of the knitted yarn, and is unconnected with any of forward' and return coursewise conformations
other coursewise extent of said additional yarn. each extending in an _undulating manner and 40
30. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type em
being caught under sinker loops of the knitted
bodying ground yar'n which extends coursewise
thruout the fabric and which at any particular
portion of the fabric comprises knitted yarn and
. supplemental yarn which extends in an undulat
ing manner and is caught under sinker loops of
the knitted yarn; and also embodying additional
yarn which- is present at only a part of the
coursewise extent of the fabric, which is gener
ally at the rear of the knitted yarn, and which,
in each of a plurality of courses extends course
wise in an undulatingV manner and _is caughtl
under sinker loops of the knitted yarn.
31. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type em
bodying ground yarn which extends coursewise
thruout the fabric and which at any particular
portion of the fabric comprises knitted yarn and
supplemental yarn which extends in an un
dulating manner and is caught under sinker loops
of the knitted yarn; and also embodying addi
tional yarn which is present at only a part of
the coursewise extent of the fabric, which is
' generally at the rear of the knitted yarn, and
yarn.
35. A knitted fabric’of the Jersey type em-'
bodying-ground-yarn which extends coursewise
thruout the fabric and which at any particular
portion of the fabric comprises knitted yarn
and yarn caught into the fabric in an unknitted
manner; and also embodying additional yarn
which is present at only a part of the coursewise
extent of the fabric, which is generally at the 50
rear of the knitted yarn, and which extends
coursewise in an undulating manner, and is
caught under sinker loops of the knitted yarn
in each of a plurality of successive coursewise
conformations of the additional yarn.
55
36. A knitted fabric of the Jersey type com
prising ground yarn extending coursewise thruf
out the fabric and so embodied in the fabric
that at any given part thereof 'there is present
knitted yarn and yarn which is caught into the
fabric in certain of the wales thereof Without 60.
knitting; and comprising also design yarn which
extends back and forth thruout one or more por
tions of the fabric of limited coursewise extent
coursewise in an undulating manner and is4 and extends in an undulating unknitted manner
65
caught under sinker loops of the knitted yarn; ' in both directions.
the undulations of said supplemental yarn and
which, in each of a plurality of courses, extends
said additional yarn being differently disposed‘in
VINCENT LOMBARDI.
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