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Патент USA US2130773

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Sept. 20, 1938.
Filed Dec. 18, 1936
l8 ' 0. my“
Patented Sept. 20, 1938
2,130,773 .
Maximilian 0. Meyer, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application December 18, 1936, Serial No. 116,577
1 Claim. (Cl. 206-8)
This invention relates to improvements in con
tainers in which access to the interior thereof is
More particularly the invention is concerned
5 with an improved form of hat box into which
hats may be placed, and from which they may
be taken without the necessity of lifting the box
from the shelf by reason of the provision of a
movable door which exposes an opening through
10 which the hats may pass.
Even more speci?cally the invention is con
cerned with an entirely transparent container
of this type so that its contents may be observed
without opening the door.
Further and more detailed objects of this in
vention will become apparent from the following
description, but generally they may be stated to
involve a structure which is relatively inexpen
sive to manufacture, which in some forms may be
20 packed and shipped in knocked down condition
and readily assembled, and which are strong
and rugged for the intended use.
This invention resides substantially in the com
bination, construction, arrangement and .relative
25 location of parts, all as will be set forth below.
In the accompanying drawing,
Figure 1 is a front elevational view of the con
tainer in accordance with this invention illus
trated as made of transparent material;
Figure 2 is a top plan view thereof;
Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view through a
side wall and the top and bottom walls with
some parts broken away;
Figure 4 is a plan view of a modi?ed form of
35 side wall construction;
Figures 5 and 6 are modi?ed forms of con
struction for supporting the movable door shown
in cross section.
As is well known in the art at the present time,
40 hat boxes are constructed of cardboard and in
such a manner that they must be shipped to the
place of use in assembled form, with the result
that they take up a considerable amount of space
and are exceedingly expensive to‘ ship in relation
45 to their value. For example, as will be apparent
a carload of ordinary hat boxes comprises a rela
tively few items in comparison to the space which
they occupy and their value with the result that
it is extremely expensive to move them in com
50 merce.
The ordinary hat box as now constructed of
cardboard is in use a cumbersome, unsightly and
awkward article which must be taken down from
the shelf and opened before its contents can be
55 observed. ' Because of this awkwardness it is not
an easy thing to open one of them, with the result
' that they are not commonly employed notwith
standing thelr utility as a protection.
Among the objects of this invention is to pro
vide a collapsible hat box either of a transparent 5
or opaque material of collapsible form so that
they may be shipped in knocked down condition,
and as a result do not even in large quantities
take up much space.
A further object is to provide hat boxes of‘ 10
this type which have a movable door, which in
the case of opaque hat boxes may have a trans
parent window therein so that the contents of
the box may be observed without removing the
box from the shelf, and the contents may be it
removed from the box without taking it down
from the shelf.
Further, more speci?c objects of the invention
are concerned with the details of construction
by means of which the general objects are secured. 20
The construction of Figures 1, 2 and 3 has been
illustrated as made of a transparent material
such as Celluloid, cellulose acetate, and the like,
but it is of course apparent that it may be made
of opaque materials such as cardboard, thin 25
flexible plastic materials, metal and the like.
In these ?gures the container is shown of cylin
drical form, but of course, as is apparent the
construction need not be limited to this particu
lar form. The side walls thereof are composed
of a continuous strip of material I, bent into
circular form with the ends 2 and 3 overlapped
and cemented together with a suitable cement
depending on the type of material employed.
The top 4 and the bottom 5 comprise discs of 35
the same material which are‘ cemented to the
ends of the cylinder thus formed. The side wall
is provided with an opening therein of suitable
size and shape, depending upon the use of the
container, through which access to the interior
may be had. A slidable door 6 is provided, the
terminal edges of which are indicated at (isL and
6b. This door is provided with a handle 8 at
tached thereto in a position so as to engage the
opening at the. end of the doors upon movement 45
in either direction to position the door at fully
open or closed position. In the case of the cy
lindrical structure the door is of curved form
and is mounted in tracks at the top and bottom
formed by cementing the guide members 9 and ill 50
to the inner face of the top and bottom walls
adjacent the inner face of the side wall, as is
clear from Figure 3. These guide or track mem
bers 9 and II] are illustrated as of cylindrical
cross-section and in the case of the Celluloid 55
or cellulose acetate container, may be of the
same material in the form of gores which are out '
oil’ to suitable length and cemented in place
to form a circular track, or if desired a track
long enough to guide the door in its movement.
The door is mounted between these guides at the
top and bottom so that when the knob is grasped
the door can be moved to full open or closed
position. During its movement it travels in a
circular path, as will be clear from Figure 2.
Appreoiably, when the structure is of this type
it is not adapted to a knock-down construction,
although it may be if the user wishes to go to the
trouble of cementing the parts together. In this
case assembly may be facilitated by providing a
side wall strip with some form of fastening means
at the end such as the well known snap fasteners
12“ and l2b indicated in Figure 4 as applied to the
ends of the side wall strip II. In this case the
ends are overlapped and snap together to form
the tubular portion of the casing. To further
facilitate assembly and impart knock-down char
acteristics to the structure the end members may
be ?anged at the periphery to form caps which
slip over the ends of the tubular portion. Two
forms of such caps are illustrated in Figures 5
and 6. The end cap I2 is shown provided with a
peripheral ?ange l3 of suitable length and a pair
of annular ribs [4 and i5 are formed in the ma
30 terial in any suitable way or by embossing. In
this case the movable door l6 slides in the guide
way thus formed.
A further modi?cation may be accomplished as
illustrated in Figure 6, wherein the door 2| is
In this
35 positioned right against the side wall II.
case the end wall is provided with a peripheral
?ange l9 as before, and with but a single rib 20.
In both forms illustrated in Figures 5 and 6 the
end walls are cemented to the side wall at the
?ange, and in the arrangement of Figure 6 both
the side wall and the top ?t in the track formed
between the ?ange I9 and the rib 20. The wall
at the other end in each case is of similar con
struction so that the door is guided top and bot
The constructions of Figures 5 and 6 are par
ticularly adapted to moldable or plastic-materials.
For example they may be pressure formed from 10
cardboard or the like.
In the case where the container is made of an
opaque material the door may be made of a
transparent material or may be made of an opaque
material having a transparent window in it.
From the above description it will be apparent
that the principles of this invention as well as the
details of construction may be varied by those
skilled in the art while still employing the novel
subject matter thereof. I do not, therefore desire 20
to be strictly limited to the disclosure as given for
purposes of illustration, but rather to the scope
of the appended claim.
I claim:
A container of the type described, comprising 25
a sheet of cellulose derivative stock formed into
a cylinder having an aperture therein, a pair of
end walls comprising circular discs cemented to
the ends of the cylinder, a pair of rings of cellu
losic material cemented to each end wall in spaced
relation to form circular guide tracks, one of said
ring members of each pair being also cemented
to the cylinder in the angle between the cylinder
and the adjacent end wall to reinforce the joint
between them, and a transparent slidable door of 35
cellulosic material mounted in said guide tracks
for closing said opening.
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