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Патент USA US2130819

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sq“.- 20, 1938.
2,130,819
J.-_G.'STUPP
FORM FOR LINIYNG EARTH‘ BORINGS AND HANDLING MECHANISM THEREFOR
lf‘iirligd June 8, 1937 -
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
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// dob/1 6. Sfupp -
Sept‘. 20, 193$° _ v_
_IJ,_,G;VST_UPP v
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2,130,819
FORM FOR ALININYG EARTH ‘Bonmes AND HANDLING-MECHANISM THEREFOR
INVENTOR
John 6. S'fupp
Sept. 20, 1938.
'
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J. G. STUPP' ’
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2,130,819
‘FORM FOR L'INING‘ EARTH BORI-NGS AND HANDLING MECHANISM THEREFOR
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Filed June a, 1957
4 Sheets-Sheet s
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INVENTOR
John G.Sfupp
'Sept.20,'1938.
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J. GQSTUP'P'
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2,130,819
FORM FOR’LINING EARTH BORINGS AND HANDLINGIMECHANISM TEEREFOR
' Filed June 8, 1937
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
fig. 7.‘ ~
/INVENTOR
51
John 6. Sfupp
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‘. FORMITFORQHININGJEARTH
THEREEOR: ~
HANDIXINQzMIEQHANISMil-‘YIASORINGSQAND‘
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' tvsburgh; Pa; a ‘corporation
i 1147,025
7‘
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nventi‘on." .elates; to formsrc-used 'in'zithea
casting 1' o iconc‘reteiliningsrin zearthaboring'sesuchs
1 as;tunnels,l;and%thellike.%5i
1
if 1*
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_‘ ‘11’ is a a spartial longitudinal :sectional 7 view’,
takenpthrough 'a‘, form section showing one -end
l'
of‘v theqtraveler therein; . 7
, ‘~_.'I1he§‘genera1practiced "the. past, in building;
51.5; larger: conduiztssand :lespecially in , linings tunnels,
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has'-,been;»-5to“~ complete the
excavation ia:su?icie'n"t , o
distance- scadvan‘cejyof' the}; concrete WorkFto»v
‘ - rmakeyiit
positions;':'
.ossiblehto?pour;concreteonirthez?ooreoff
’ _v the;tunneliandthereafter/to:moxie forwardethei
'
‘ rings-a modi?cation; and ’
method
Figs: Sythrou'gh ,10ca-r'e‘ {diagrammatic sectional ,
' 1‘s'_0bjectionablein.;thatv it zrequiresrthesupport"of? viewsztaken raxiallyv-throughwthe form showing
103::
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theroofwofxthetunnel,byzbracing orgother means,:; the traveler in side elevation therein, illustrating,
‘ g _‘ 19;; forms-for the sidesandtopthereof." :
‘ 'longsenough topermitathe‘ pouring “of-the '?oor,; the ‘various steps in the operation of advancing
' the “settings-"thereof; zand'g'thei-s'ubsequent place-' a formsection; ‘
p, .1 $38 menta ofpthe' forms xforirandjisthe ipouring ofgthei ~Referringiindetail to the drawings; and-‘for
the present tojFigs; 1V to 2; a form section [0"
' y arch; ; Where the ‘tunnel zroofi-isnotusecure, it .is
" ‘ ‘i'desi'ra'blezto -:pour;;the:concrete5 aszsoo'nas possible -' comprises an" arch or crownamember II" and an
' after, the’ {excavation iisgmadegand preferablysto - invertlmembervori portion I2. ‘The arch member
pour; anentireyring sectiomo? the.» lining»; at. once. 7 isé-hin'ged'l at '1' l~3@and“l4, ‘so it can/be collapsed
haveinvented‘faunovela
-
forFpass‘a-ge through ‘a similar section,"as' will“ be
Orm-rfOI‘; lining earth
' borings; and : niechanismzi-lforizhandling .- it'z'iwhich }
‘makes
described‘i'n vdetail later. ‘The portions'of the 5
possible‘ ,togaceomplishj the ,aforemen- ' form‘ section are composed ‘ of spaced circ?infer- '
v , l‘tionedjdesideratum;:and isscharacterizedgby fur:
enti'al'ribs I51 connected vby longitudinal reinforc
' 7 '_therg;_adyantages_§ and novelijf‘eatures \wlnchriwillis' ing angles," l6 and she‘ath'ing'_ plates" |1._Y'
25 be apoint
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edjzoutzidmsing";thezcoursez-,of;the_1fo11owing:;
detailedixideseription‘ and} speci?cally; de?ned; in 1:
plates IIB-ja'reHdiSpQsed at’fthe-top of ' the arch
members, “and hinged‘ "dolorsv j l_ 9 ' are formed’ in ‘
- - theawappenidedi ,clalinls'glv »':In%:accor,dance "with @my,
thesides' "thereof to ‘facilitatefpouring,‘around ‘the.
’ ‘ inv?ntiohe,liprovideiag-travelerj having retractable;
‘
wheeled;supportingi>~legs.-I_
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infthe bore indicated
: When the c wheels, of " '
391; these ,vlegs; are; restingmon: ‘a: track supported ~ on
I, ‘ " 'theeinvertiorybottomlgmemberj ‘of a; form section; _
" v gthe-ktravelerimay the ;used=' to‘ lower and: shift'the‘
giarchimernber of ; ‘a - vform "section ;, but;
,.
V,
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plates‘ [I 8" are ‘removably secured
position 30’
'A’ trave‘1er"22"is composed of four verticalilegs
, he amhwmemberrxo? the formisectienisr 23Lcpnnectedby upper horizontal beams '24 and
'nwccncreteisthectraveler- may; he sup:
intermediate horizontal, beams“ 25. _Trans,verse
ported leidlygthereinomwand; heslegs {retracted :1 '' ‘beamsqz?andllxsupnort;
a workiececk 2a. 35
‘ seestcépermitthe moving:ofan>=invert1member
' ; beneath them.
,While being thus ‘ shiftedmthev
r-the. , traveler iner
Theg legsv ‘21am provided 'wilthcwheeledt feetv 2:9‘:
which areadjustable' vertically therein,
by means,
of; screw, ~ jacks?
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' ' thrust bearings; 3.2,} ‘disposed, at the. upper} ends-1
of ‘the lfeetwi29y. ‘ -,A,' manual. ratchet‘ drive 33:.is:
provideddor, eachnscrew jack; I,
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‘The. wheels- carriedby theljfeét 2-9. are‘ mus; '
trateds-ati3Q,‘-Yanld=aretadapted to roll~onrails =35
he detailsof theimechanism; as ',is 4 permanently
1 secured ‘to beams #36; mounted»; in.- 3
' "forin?' equipment-.tol?tltheg e-i
iqgects ein' ‘{
p
‘ and/detail,
. o,
each
n
impertant. prcJ'ect?tlieprpil,
'f
, thelinvert portion. of; the ‘form.’ -
Additional-rails 3; are. carriedonthe. beams; 6;
‘meet "to werjg} > great’ variation ‘n; size ‘
the j-spacing between Y the: rails-:31’ being; the same‘
nd “by, ‘no j means. ‘limited: to w circular ; .' as
'50.;
that, between each of‘ the rails
‘emblem wideifstandmgwof therein-J
31 and the
adjacent-Q1145:
' .T’f? 1-. '1'.‘ "WP ;. -. i; ,1":
‘ Vermont marl be I admired-brie a .wnsid‘eration "of."
the following“ description’ ‘with ‘ reference to z the Y
asyaceqmnanymgg dilavtiligS In,‘ the drawingsii '3", "
.~ 1116 r-tcross :beams- z?rextendl . utwardly beyond:
the; longitudinaltqbeains ‘25; and. are provided with
‘ 1 ‘armaments 3&1
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, QPQW. Jacks”: The screws 9f; '55.“
2,130,819
2
the jacks 39 engage abutments 48 near the lower
ends of the arch member.
The overhanging ends of the beams 26- are ‘pro
vided with hangers 4| on which rolls 42 are jour
39 are then released. The angles 51 remain se
cured to the beams 24 or, if not previously at
tached, are bolted thereto. The ratchet mem
bers 46 are then operated to pull the side por
tions of the arch member inwardly about their
naled. Trolley beams 43 are movable on the rolls hinges l3 and 14. It will be understood that the
42. ‘Hold-down. rolls 44 are journaled in the concrete surrounding the arch member 48 and
?anges of the hangers 4|. The beams 43 are pro
the invert member 5| has matured sufficiently to
vided with trolley hoists 45. A single central trol
permit removal of the former. The ratchets 33
ley beam may be used if desired, instead of the are then operated to permit the feet 29 to be
retracted into the legs 23. Since the traveler is
10 two side beams, as shown in Fig. 2a.
Contractible ratchet members 46 are secured to not supported independently of the wheels, it is
the ends of the beams 21 and to channels 41 on
the side portions of the arch member. ,
The manner of using the structure described
15
above will now be explained with reference to
Figs. 3 through 10.
As indicated in Fig. 3, it is usual to employ
two arch members 48 and 49, and three invert
members 50, 5| and 52. Fig. 3 shows the posi
tion of the traveler and the trolley beams when
the concrete has been poured around the arch
‘member 49 and the invert member 52 disposed
adjacent the heading 53. This concrete for the
lowered so that the top of the arch member 48
clears the inner flanges of the ribs in the arch
member‘v 49. This lowering of the carriage also 15
lowers the trolley beams, but the hoists 45 can
be taken up to maintain clearance between the
invert forms 59 and 52.
The next step is to advance the traveler to the
position shown in Fig. 8. When in that position, 20
the invert form 59 is lowered into place, the rear
edge being secured to invert form 52, and the for
ward edge being supported on a'bulkhead 59. In
termediate supports can be placed under the in
vert member 58, if desired,‘ to sustain the weight 25
of the traveler which is next advanced, as shown
invert or bottom portion of the lining may be
25? poured from cars 54 (see Figs. 2 and 10) which
travel along a track connected with the rails 31, ' in Fig. 9, after withdrawing the trolley beams.
and up an incline 55 to the deck 28. The con
Thearchmember 48, is raised by operating the
crete for the upper portion is, usually placed
through pipes by pneumatic pressure or by pump
ing. During the pouring operation, the traveler
30
is secured to the arch member of the form by
bolts 56 connecting the ?anges of the beams 24
to angles 51 welded to the ribs l5. When the
35 "
pouring of concrete has been completed, the in
cline 55 is taken down, the bolts 56 removed, and
jacks 38, the side portions thereof being forced
outwardly by the ratchet members 46. When in
position, the arch member is bolted to the invert
member and the form is ready to receive concrete
poured therearound. This operation is illustrat
ed diagrammatically in Fig. 10. When the pour
ing has been completed, the cycle is repeated; 35
It will be apparent from the foregoing descrip
tion that the invention provides simple and high
the traveler moved away from the heading by the
length of one form section (conveniently about ly efficient means for handling forms in the pour
18 feet) to about the position indicated in Fig. 4. ing of a concrete tunnel lining. Among the par
When the traveler has been withdrawn, the head , ticular advantages of the construction described 40
ing is advanced by mucking in the usual manner.
40' To facilitate this operation, each invert member is the fact that it is not necessary'to move the
traveler any further ahead than the arch member
is provided with a switch (not shown) whereby being-placed. A further advantage is that it is
cars 58 may be diverted to either pair of rails 35,, unnecessary to lay rail on the previously com
31 in the foremost lining section. In this way, pletely section to permit advancement of the 45
an empty car coming through the tunnel may form. It is necessary, of course, to lay rail to re
45 be placed on one side of the foremost invert sec
place that on' the invert member‘which is moved
tion, by properly manipulating the switch, so forward, but it is not necessary that this be com
the other pair of rails can be , pleted before such forward movement can be ef
that a full car on
hauled out while the ?rst car is being ?lled. The fected. There is thus no delay, as the additional 50
switches on the invert sections are such as to rail on'the floor of the completed portion of the
50 permit them to pass a car along the center rails lining can be laid while the forms are being placed
of the invert sections behind that adjacent the at the edge of the section last poured. A further
advantage is that the invert section is not hinged.
heading.
After, the heading has been sufficiently ad
This permits it to be made rigid enough to safely 55
vanced, it is necessary to move an invert and support the traveler and form during forward
55
60
arch member forward to constitute an’additional
lining section. Fig. 5 illustrates this operation.
movement without additional intermediate sup
The ?rst step is to move the trolley beams rear
wardly, secure the invert member 58 to the hoists
45 therefor, and lift it. The jacks 39 are then
Although I have illustrated and described but
a preferred embodiment of the invention, it will 60
be understood that changes in the construction
and mode of operation may be made without de
parting from the spirit of the invention or the
scope of the appended claims.
positioned and extended sufficiently to support
the traveler on the arch member 48. The feet
29 are then raised, as indicated in Fig. 6 and at
the left-hand side of Fig. 2, whereupon it is pos
sible to advance the hoists 45 and move the in
65 vert member 5!! forward under the traveler to a
position as indicated in Fig. 7. The feet 29 are
ports.
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65
I_ claim:
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1. The combination with a tubular form com
posed of invert and arch sections, of mechanism
for handling said sections including a traveling
raised by manipulating the ratchets 33.; In ad
carriage having a trolley beam movable there
dition to supporting the traveler on the jacks 39, along and vretractible wheeled supporting legs, 70
51
by
the
‘it can also be secured to the angles
and means for supporting the carriage on a form
section inplace while said legs are retracted to
bolts 56.
The next operation‘is the collapsing of the arch _ permit a form section to be suspendedv from said
The ?rst step in this operation is beam and moved under the carriage.
member 48.
to lower the feet 29 so that the wheels 34 again
2. Apparatus for’ advancing a tubular form’ 75
7513rest on the rails 35, as shown in Fig. 7. The jacks
c
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2,180,819
A ' , composed of a pluralityof alined invert and arch
, _' Sections as alining is cast therearound compris
5. Apparatus for successively advancing alined
ing a‘ traveler movable, over the invert sections, lengths of a tubular form, each including an in
said traveler having collapsible supports whereby vert and an arch section, comprising a traveling
an arch section may be lowered therewith for carriage ‘having retraotible legs adapted to rest
traveling movement,‘ and means for supporting
on the invert sections, and means on said carriage
collapseIof said supports, an invert section may
relation for transport through an adjacent length
of the form, said carriage also having means for
the; traveler on an arch section whereby,‘ on , for supporting an arch section in knocked-down
travel thereunder.
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Y I 3. Apparatus for successively advancing‘ alined
lengths of a, tubular 'form, each including an
,, invert and‘an arch section, comprising a travel~
supporting an invert section for similar move
ment.
,
a
6. Apparatus for successively advancing alined 10
ing carriage having retraotible legs adapted to lengths of a tubular form, each including an
‘rest onthe invert sections ‘whereby an arch sec~
invert and an arch section, comprising a traveling
I movement, and means movable on said carriage
on the invert sections whereby said carriage can 15
transport a knocked-down arch section, and
means movable on said carriage for transporting
an invert section.
15’ tion “may be lowered therewith for traveling‘
for lifting an invert section, said carriage being
provided, with means for supporting it on an
1 arch section while said legs are retracted to pass
20 an invertsection therebelow,
,
4. Apparatus for successively advancing alined
carriage having retraotible legs adapted to rest
7, Apparatus for successively advancing alined
lengths of a tubular form, each including an in
lengths of, a tubular form, each including an » vert and an arch section comprising a traveling
invert and an arch section comprising a travel- ‘ vcarriage, legs supporting said carriage and hav
, 725 ,
20
ingcarriage; rails permanently secured to said Zing, wheels traversing said invert sections, means
sections, said carriage having retraotible for adjusting said legs relative to the carriage
"wheels adapted to rest on said rails whereby the whereby to raise and ‘lower the legs or carriage, 25
carriage may be lowered‘to carry one arch sec-‘ means for supporting the carriage on an arch
section independently of said legs, and means
'tion, through another,~means whereby the car
invert
riage‘ may be supported from an arch section and
retracted to pass ‘an-invert section
therebelow, and means movable on said carriage
so 'saidwheels
‘for lifting an invert section and transporting it
under said carriage.
,
movable on the carriage for lifting an invert sec
tion behind the arch section on which the car~
riage is supported, and. transporting it to a 30
position ahead of said arch section.
.
JOHN G.‘ STUPP.
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