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Патент USA US2130922

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Sept' 20, 1_938.
w. s. HAwLEY
Filed Sept. 30, 1956
3 Sheets-Shee‘c 1
Zik/¿ham S. )Taï/ulg
’ i
Sept. 20, `1938.
w. s. HAwLEY
Filed Sept. 50, 1936
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
Patented Sept. 20, 1938
‘WilliamfS. 4Hawley, Newark, N. J.
ApplicationSeptember 30, 1936,‘Seria'l No."103,’3-10
4 :t Claims.
This invention .relates to physical .culture ma
provided with a pair of brackets 9 each carrying
chines, and particularlytoan improvedmachine
for exercising differentparts _of the bodyîbycom
a pivotal '.bolt I0 ,on ywhich certain parts are
`pulsoryswinging motion of the body or the .parts
As s'hown'in'Figs. 1 and 2, a bar'II is provided
foreachof the bolts I0 andis pivotally mounted 5
thereon. Oneïendr of bar‘I I Ais'pivotally connected
atIZ‘With'l3,‘while the opposite end of the
Anotherobject of the invention is to provide
a physical .culture or .exercising machine wherein
the neck and .torso may be .exercised while the
legs remain quiet or the. reversemay take place.
An additional _object oftheinventionis to pro
videa physical. culture device Wherelthe body of a
vperson is clamped in place and then mechanically
movedto exercise the ibody, stretchthespine, and
exercise the various limbseither at- the same time
or at .different times.
In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a side View of one .sectionof an exer
cising machine disclosing certain features ofthe
(Cl. . 12B-25)
Fig, 2 is a topplan view .of the construction
shown in Fig, .1;
Fig. 3 is a side viewsimìlar to Fig. 1 but show
ing the parts yin different position;
Fig. 4.- .is a fragmentary sectional View show
25 ing kthe adjustable .feature of the leg supporting
Fig. 5 is an enlarged `sectional view through Fig.
2 vapproximately on the line 5_5;
Fig. 6 is a bottom plan .View of thecenter part
pivotally mounted .as hereinafter ' fully ~ described.
bar is -preferably‘rounded and provided with >a
number 'of kapertures or bores I I’ as shown in
Fig. '4. These apertures or bores are adapted to 10
receive the pin >I4 held by a spring I5, which
spring is `riveted at I6'to the U-shaped member
I‘I. A slide ring iI'8'acts to’hold the pin I4 in any
of the apertures l-I I'. This‘ring is held in place
`by friction >but vmay befrea'dilyshifted when de 15
sired to move the outer end of the U-shaped
member I 'I‘toward or from the bolts III. The U
shaped member I‘I is really an-exercising frame
and‘carries straps'IB and 'I9 as shown in Fig. 2
and also 4a ñtting 20 to which one end of a 20
spring `2I >is connected. The Aopposite end of
spring 2| is >connected to a strap 22 which is
formed in two parts and connected together by an
adjusting buckle 23. The strap 22 is connected
with a head harness~24 as shown in'Fig. 8. The
"harness'î24 is provided'with a-suitable portion ex
tending around'the head'at the forehead, a suit
able strap'portion under the chin, and other strap
>portions -at'theback and- top of the head whereby
the `head -may be vpulled and supported through
the action of the springï2| and associated parts.
>The straps I8 and fI9 are‘provided with adjustable
buckles and also lwith wrist'straps 25 and 29 hav
V30 .of the structure shown in Fig.v5, said view illus
trating how .the circuit ofthe motors is .opened
when the partsaremoved to a certain position;
Fig. 'Tis a fragmentary .sectional view .through
ing buckles whereby the straps‘may be properly
Fig. 2 on theline 1_1;
Fig. 8 is aview ofthe complete machine with clamped around the `wrists of the arms of a 35
vperson using the device. The parts are prefer
the parts shown inFig. 1 vinsectionand illustrat
ing two .positionstof the body of a person .using ably proportioned and adjusted so that the body
of'a person-when'lying on the table 2 will have
the machine;
Fig. 9 `is atop plan viewofthe legexercising the `center 'of the hips opposite the respective
§10 part shown yin Fig. 8.
'bolts I0.
Associated with each of the bolts ID is a‘bar 30
Referring >to `the .accompanying ¿drawings vby
numerals, AI indicates a frame Awhichmay be wood,v vhaving one sectionvextending into the .U-shaped
metal or >other material and may have 4suitable
cross braces so that means. arepresented forsup
porting the .various >moving parts. On topofthe
.frame I is arrangeda table 2 which may 4berigid
ly secured in place and which has .an .auxiliary
table f3 connected therewith bya suitable hinge
li. -A pad-.5 preferably of rubber is cemented or
50 otherwise rigidly secured to the auxiliary table
A pad I5v preferably or rubber is secured near
one end to the tab1e`2 while at the other end it is
loose whereby the seat 'I'of the leg exercising, part
8 may be readilylpositioned as shown in Fig. 8.
The torso exercising part as shown in Fig. -~3 is
frame'iSI in a similar‘manner to that ~illustrated
Iin Fig-4. 'I'he opposite end of the'bar 3E! is pro
vided `with a pivotal pin v132 4whereby it is pivot
ally connected with the link 33. It will be under
stood'that'barßll in a similar manner to bar II
has afcentral apertured-enlargement whereby it
is 'freely rotatable on the bolt I0 which actsvas
an axle therefor.
‘It will be noted that by reason '
of the construction shownin Fig. ‘4 ‘the respec
tive frames >Il and '3| Amay be adjusted to suit
different sized persons. Suitable straps 34 are
provided 'for each of the 'feet of the person using
thev devicewhereby the feet >may be strapped to
the cross bar 3l’ of the frame 3|. When the
head and arms are arranged as shown in Fig. 1
and also the feet are strapped to the cross bar
3l ’ and the parts are in proper position to give a
desired exercise to the patient, by swinging the
frame l1 upwardly and downwardly the body of
the patient will be swung upwardly to the dotted
line position shown in Fig. 1 and then back to
the full line position. This will give a desired
exercise to the torso and also a desired strain on
the neck and back.
After the torso and associ
ated parts have been thus exercised, the frameY Il
is left in a horizontal position as shown in Fig. v3»
and then frame 3| is swung upwardly and down
This will give a desired exercise to the
As a safety matter the circuit of the motors 44
and 48 includes the safety switch 5| which is
shown in diagram in Fig. 6. This switch in
cludes terminals 62 and 53 and a slide connector
64 held by suitable straps 65 to» the bottom vof Y
the table 2. A suitable link structure 65 connects
member 54 with a bracket 61 carried by the aux
iliary table 3. When the auxiliary table 3 is in
a horizontal position, member 64 will be moved
away from or outV of contact with the terminals 10
62 and 63. It will thus be seen that the power
elements are deprived of current during the mas
saging operation.
It will also be understood that
»suitable switches are provided for each of the
motors so that they may be turned on or off man
lower legs and also the thigh portions without any ' ually’at any time in addition to the automatic
`effort on the part of the patient. In order to switch shown in Fig. 6.
cause the frames to swing as just described, suit
v able power means have been connected to there
20 spective links I3 and 33. It will be understood
that both sides of the 'device have the same ar
rangement of links, bars and associated parts so
that the description of one side willapply to both
As illustrated in Fig- 3, oneend of link I3 is
pivotally mounted at 35 to a crank 36 rigidly se
cured to the shaft 3l carrying pulley 38. This
-pulley is actuated by a belt 39 passing over a
small pulley 40 rigidly secured to shaft 4l.
30 worm wheel 42 is alsovrigidly secured to shaft 4l
and continually meshes with the worm 43 which
is driven by the electric motor or other power
element 44.` In this way the pulley 38 is driven
by a belt, and if unusual strain is brought to
bear on the link I-3 and other parts this belt will
slip so that the patient will not be injured. Link
33 which is associated with framev3l is pivotally
mounted at its outer end to crank 45 by a pivotal
-pin 46. C'rank 45 is` rigidly secured to the shaft
- 4l which in turn is rigidly secured to pulley 48.
Belt 49 passes over pulley Llil-and also over pulley
5t which is rigidly secured to shaft 5I. A pulley
y52; is also rigidly secured to shaft 5I and accom
modates the belt 53 which passes over the driving
pulley 54, which driving pulley is rigidly secured
to shaft55. A worm wheel 56 is also rigidly se
cured to shaft 55 and continually meshes with the
worm 5l which is driven by the electric motor or
other power element 58. It will therefore be seen
that when either of the power elements 44. or 58
are used motion is transmitted through certain
belts whereby a slippage may be had if there is
an unusual resistance.
In providing an‘exercie for the body of the
patient, it is not only desirable to have the move
ments produced by the frames il and 3l but in 20
-addition a back and forth movement of the legs.
To secure this result a leg exercising structure 53
is provided and is shown particularly in Figs.
8 and 9 of the drawings. This part is formed
with a suitable frame 69 'of metal or other mate 25
rial and formed with a loop member 1i) at the
bottom adapted to be engaged by the hooks 7l
whereby the frame 59 may be held in operative
position. The hook ‘member 'H is connected with
Aa pivotally mounted shaft l2 having a suitable 30
handle .'53 whereby the hook member may be
raised or lowered as desired. It will be under
stood `that one, two or more hooks li may be
connected with the shaft 12. The frame S9 at the
top is provided with an extension 'i4 which is de 35
flected _downwardly and then horizontally so as
to receive the seat l, which seat is adapted to be
inserted beneath the pad 5 when the leg exer
cising part 68 is in use.
A travelingplatform l5 is mounted on the top 40
bars 'I6 and is adapted to be moved toward and
from thelframe l. In order to secure this result
and at the same time hold the platform l5 in a
desired adjusted position, there is Y provided a
screw gl' having a suitable crank 'i3 and extending 45
`through a traveling nutV 19 which is secured in any
desired manner to the platform l5. When the
crank lß is rotated the platform will be moved in
one> direction or the other, according to the di
rection of rotation of the screw 97. Suitable
brackets are carried by the platform l5. whereby a
crank shaft 83 is supported and on this crank
shaft is mounted a pulley 8l. Connected with
the crank shaft 8@ are cranks 82 and B3 and these
cranks at their outer ends carry pedals 84 and 55
-When it is'desired to swing the frame 3l up
wardly and downwardly, current is turned on to
the motor 44 and by the reduction in gearing f 85 which may be ordinary bicyclepedals. A belt
above set forth frame 3l will swing upwardly 86 passesover the pulley 8l and also over a driving
. and downwardly at a desired speed.
After this
part of the exercise has been completed, current
is turned olf of the motor 44 and turned on to
the motor 58, whereupon the framey Il will swing
upwardly and downwardly. These two frames do
not swing at the same time. By having the head,
arms and legs all strapped to the respective
frames, the entire body is under some tension at
' vall times and when the machine is caused to lfunc
tion the body will be exercised while under ten
sion. Removable guards 59 and 6D are -arranged
pulley 3l, which driving pulley-is rigidly secured
to shaft 38. A worm wheel 89 is also secured to
Ythe shaft 83 and continually-meshes with the 60
worm 50 driven by the electric motor Si. Motor
9i, pulley 8l and associated parts are carried by
a bottom platform 92 which slides on the bars 53
forming the lower part of frame 35. A traveling
nut 94 is rigidly secured to the lower platform 92 65
’ and is caused to move by the fixed screw 95 which
hasa crank 96.
When the feet of a patient are strapped to the
on each side of the table 2 so that the body can
not come in contact with any of the moving parts.
pedals 84 and 35, crank 'P8 is actuated until these
After the desired exercise has been completed
to Ypermit the patient to properly turn the crank
shaft 83.> 'I’he lower platform 82 is likewise ad
justed. After the parts have been adjusted the
vmotor 9i is caused to function and the power
the feet, head and arms may be released and the
auxiliary table 3 moved up to the position shown
in Fig. 5. This will allow the attendant to mas
sage the patient while lying on the tables 2 and 3.
pedals are a correct distance from the frame i 70
therefrom will rotate the crank shaft Bü and as
sociated parts and cause the feet and legs of the
patient to move as if they were operating a bi
cycle. The torso may be resting on the table 2
when this takes place or, if desired, it could be
raised to the dotted position shown in Fig. 8
whereby a more strenuous exercising movement
will be secured. By using all parts of the exer
cising machine substantially all parts of the body
of a person will be exercised, and in addition the
10 spine will be pulled which secures certain desir
able results. 'I'he exercise compelled by the ma
chine is rather strenuous and consequently any
one of the exercising movements can only be car
ried out for a very short period at one time, as
15 for instance two or three minutes. After all parts
have been exercised as described, it is usually de
sirable for the patient to rest on the tables 2 and
3 and have an attendant massage the partsto
a greater or less extent. It will also be noted
that during the exercising of all parts of the
body the weight is supported but the body is
under tension during the movements produced by
the machine.
From Fig. 7 it will be noted that when the aux
25 iliary platform 3 is raised it may be locked in a
raised position by a suitable slide 2’ carried in
suitable brackets 2".
I claim:
1. A physical culture machine including a
30 frame having a table at the top thereof adapted
to receive the torso of a person, a swinging frame
carried 'by the first mentioned frame, said table
being adapted to receive a patient with his hips
at the axis of said swinging frame, means in
35 cluding a spring for connecting the head of the
person to the end of said frame opposite the piv
otal end, and adjustable means for connecting
the arms to the same end of said frame with the
hands extending beyond the head.
2. A physical culture machine including a plat
form for receiving the head and torso of a patient,
a leg exercising frame and a torso exercising
frame, said frames being pivotally mounted at
the same point, said platform being adapted to
receive a patient with his hips at the axes of said
exercising frames, whereby said frames are
swingable from an axis coincident with the axis
of the swinging movement of the patient, means
for connecting the head and arms of the patient
to the torso exercising frame at the end opposite
its pivotal mounting, and means connecting the
feet to the leg exercising frame at the end oppo 10
site its pivotal mounting.
3. A physical culture machine including a sup
porting table adapted to support the torso and
head of a patient, a pair of brackets connected
with said table, a U-shaped exercising frame
having the free ends pivotally mounted on said
brackets, said table being adapted to receive a
patient with his hips at the axis of said exercising
frame, adjustable means for connecting the head
of the patient with the cross bar of the U-shaped
frame, adjustable means for stretching the arms
above the head and connecting the wrists to said
cross bar, a link for swinging said frame from a
horizontal to a substantially vertical position and
then back again, a crank for actuating said link,
and power means for driving said crank.
4. A physical culture machine including a plat
form for receiving the torso and head of a patient,
a pair of brackets secured to said platform, an
exercising frame pivotally mounted on said
brackets, said frame being substantially U
shaped, means for connecting the wrists and head
of the patient to the closed end of the frame, a
leg exercising frame, means for' connecting the
leg exercising frame with said platform so that ‘
the legs of the patient will extend over part of
the leg exercising frame, and means carried by
the leg exercising frame for causing the legs to
move back and forth and be bent during the
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