Патент USA US2131124код для вставки
sept.‘27,-193s. ' QsMlTH ' [2,131,124 UNITARY BATHROOM STRUCTURE Filed Oct, 30, 1936’ > fnrvewrm? a? VILLE‘ Syn-u TTORNEY v ' Patented‘ Sept. 27,v 1938 2,131,1241 ' ‘ UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE um'ranr nA'i'nnooM mum .7 Orville Smith, Chagrin Falls, Ohio Application October 30, 1936, Serial No. 103,449 8Claims. (01. 189-1)‘ -and ' This invention relates to building construction to the which the sub-?oor I8 is secured, . as by spot welding. The ?oor I! may have suit such as the angle bars- I! 10 soon as the piping, installed in the assembled - unit by the manufacturer, has been connected to - '_ the piping of the building. manner (not shown). Preferably the ?ooring i8 is provided with upright peripheral flanges to ‘ hich the plates forming the side and end walls 20 ' - are connected by suitable attaching elements, - are to provide comprising sub-?ooring and urea and connections which may . be transported as a unit and installed with mini to. the shower head through a tion 33 from the hot water supply pipe 34 and the cold ‘water supply pipe ltgthese supply pipes being controlled respectively by suitable valves 31 and 38. These supply pipes 34 and 3,6 extend . downwardly through the sub-floor where they are relative arrangement of parts; 50 In the drawing: ' , ' 1 ' Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a‘unitary' bath room structure in accordance with this‘ inven '- tlon; Fig. 2 is a 55 F1:- 1: and ’ ~ ‘ ' ‘ sectional plan on the lined-g2 of end of the base-structure as viewed in Figs. 1. the rizht end of the platform or base structure a transverse structural member“, preferably of channel section as sho , is provided with an opening 48 through which access may be had the removable plug n for cleaning. _Th1§ 53 r 2,181,124 What is claimed is: opening is closed by'a removable panel or cover v . 1. In a prefabricated-room structurev adapted plate I‘! which may be secured to the member 44 ,' to be installed as a unit, a base vstructure, a hous by attaching elements such as screws 48. - ingocomprising end walls'and side walls erected ' In the main compartment 23 a water closet 5| on said base structure, plumbing fixtures located is mounted on the sub-?oor, preferably above the within said housing, water pipes and drain pipes . reinforcing members is and 2|, and‘connected ‘enclosed within said base structure and extending to a seal 52. In order to ‘reduce the special. re laterally within said base structure from said quirements for this ?xture, a-flush tank 53 is vplumbing v?xtures to one end vof said base struc mounted on the end wall l4 near- the ceiling and ture whereby said water pipes and drain pipes with a hand chain 54 and a~discharge may be connected to suitable supply pipes and a is equipped pipe 56 which extends along the wall M and is soil pipe after said room structure is installed. ‘ connected to the-water closet. A wash-stand or 2. In a prefabricated room structure adapted 'bowl 51 is mounted on the side wall l2, preferably ' to be installed as a unit, a housing comprising adjacent the shower compartment, and has its side walls and narrow end walls,.a base structure 15 drain connected through a suitable seal 58 to the equal in width to saidend walls, plumbing ?x15 discharge pipe 59 which extends downwardly tures within said housing, water pipes and drain through the sub-?oor whereit is connected by an pipes enclosed within said base structure and ex elbow 6| to the pipe 62 which extends to the left tending laterally within said base structure from end of the base structure as viewed in Fig. 1. connections to said ?xtures to connections to suit 20 Hot and cold water for the wash-stand is sup able supply pipes and a soil pipe, said housing and plied through the pipes 63 and 64 connected to base structure being of suchwidth' that the struc-1 T connections 65 and 65' in the water supply ture may be passed through ordinary doors in _ ' pipes 34’ and 35' and to the faucets 65 and 61 " an existing building in order to be installed. 3. In a prefabricated bathroom structure 25 of the wash-stand or bowl. . At the left end of’ the platform or base struc adapted to be installed as a; unit within an exist- ., 25 ture, as viewed in Fig. 1,‘a’ transverse structural ing building, a housing comprising side walls and member 68, similar to the member 44, extends 'narrow‘ end walls, bathroom ?xtures installed beneath the floor and to the end wall H, and is within said housing, a base structure supporting provided with an opening through which the said housing, an apron ‘detachably. secured to said 30 water supply pipes and the various drain and structure and extending laterally beyond one . 30 waste pipes may pass. Outside the member 68 a base wall of said housing, water pipes and drain pipes ?tting 69 has connections’ 1| and 12 respectively . for said ?xtures enclosed within said base struc— to the waste pipes 62 and ‘3; 'and this ?tting also - ture and ‘adapted to be connected to suitable has a connection 13 to the seal 52 of the water water supply pipes and a soil pipe entering said 35 closet. This ?tting 69 is adapted to be connected extending apron. > \ _ ' 35 to the soil pipe ‘ll of the building and also to the laterally 4. In a ' prefabricated bathroom structure vent pipe 16. Any suitable connection (not shown) may be passed through the same opening adapted to beinstalled as a unit within an exist ing building, a base structure adapted to sup port a housing and bathroom ?xtures located 40 \ in the member 68 for replenishing the water; sup ply in the flush tank. Aosuitable hood or apron therein, water pipes and drain pipes enclosed in said base ‘structure and adapted to be connected 1 .40 11 is‘ arranged to enclose the ?tting 69 and the Preferably this apron is de to said fixtures, and an apron detachably secured to permit said enclosed water pipes and‘ drain pipes to be connected to _ connections thereto. tachably secured to the base structure in any ap proved manner (not shown). , to said base structure ' It will be observed that the platform‘ or base ‘ plumbing in the existing- building after the struc 45 structure provides in effect a housing for external ture has been placed in the existing building. pipes and ?ttings, and thereby affords protection 5. A prefabricated‘base structure adapted to to these members during handling and transpor be installed'as a unit within an existing building tation of the unit. It will also be seen that once and adapted to serve as a foundation for a uni 50 this unitary structure is set in its intended loca : tary bathroom structure, piping enclosed in said . 50 tion in a building, the only plumbing work re "base structure and adapted to be‘ connected to quired is that of connecting the. ?tting 69 to the - ?xtures in said bathroom, and means to permit soil pipe and to the vent pipe of the building and said'piping to be connected to plumbing in the also connecting the water supply pipes 34' and‘ existing building after the structure has ‘been 55 36,’ to the proper pipes in the: building. \ A feature ~ placed in the existing building. - 55 of great practical importance is that a complete ' > 6. A prefabricated base structure adapted to unitary structure of this kind may be made with be installed as a unit within an existing building an over all width and height which. will permit it _ and adapted to serve as a foundation for a uni to be moved through an ordinary door opening, tary bathroom structure comprising a sub-?oor Obviously this simplifies the problem of installing 60 such a structure in existing buildings. and end and side members, piping enclosed in said base structure and adapted t6‘ be connected While the preferred form of the invention and to ?xtures in said bathroom, and means to per the best known manner of using and applying the 'mit said_ enclosed piping to be connected to same have been illustrated and described herein, plumbing in the existing building after the struc 65 it will be understood that various modi?cationsv , ture has been placed in the existing building. 65 thereof will occur to those skilled in this art when, informed by this speci?cation, and that the in- . vention is not limited except as indicated by the. appended claims. X. _ ‘ , ORV'IILE sm'r'n.