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Патент USA US2131197

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Patented Sept." 27, 1938 -'
' 2,131,197
UNITED STATES PATE Nr OFFICE '
2,131,197
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t
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PRODUCTION or coNvERsmN' rao'n'ucrs
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>
or ACETYLENE
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I
Robert Stadler and Albert Auerhahn, Heidelberg, ,
Germany, assignors to I; G. Farbenindustrie.
Aktien‘gesellschaft, Frankfort
7 on - the 4- Main,‘
'
Germany I
' No’Drawing.
"v1.
mApplication' November 8, 1935, Se
rial No. 48,871. In* -:Germany_ November 14,
1934
4 Claims. (Cl. 260-678) ‘
.
The present invention relates to the production cuprous chloride, 200 grams of ammonium chlo
of conversion products of acetylene. _
ride, 20 grams of copperipowder, -_500 grams" of .
It has already been proposed to lh‘epare‘ valu
water and 2 grams of a condensation product
able'conversion products of acetylene by leading derived from ‘stearic acid and hydroxyethane Suiacetylene at elevated temperature through acid phonic
acid. There are‘ obtained per hour, 13
cuprous salt solutions.
When these solutions are
grams of a reaction product 'which consists to the
cooled, however, the salts contained therein sepa
extent of 80 per cent- of‘mono-vinylacetylenef
rate in the form of 'iirmly agglomerating masses Under the-sameconditio'ns but without adding
whereby stoppages within the apparatus ire- '
the said condensation product only 10 grams of‘
_a' reaction product are obtained and hard con 10
glomerated masses of crystals areseparated 01?
, We have now found that the said drawback can so that a continuous working is ‘impossible.
10 quently occur which may lead to troublesome dis
turbances in operation.
be readily obviated by adding to the cuprous salt
solution dispersion stabilizers. On account of the
addition of these, stabilizers, the salts separating
, Example 2
30 litres of acetylene are led per hour through
a mixture, heated to 90° C., [of 500 grams of
out are deposited in a‘?nely divided state and do
not agglomerate, consequently','stoppages within
‘15 .
cuprous chloride, 200 grams of ammonium chlo
the apparatus do not occur.
ride, 20 grams of copper powder; 500 grams of
., By the term dispersion stabilizers are‘meant _, water and 2 grams of the sodium salt‘ of a buty
20 substances-which keep in their disperse distribu
lated naphthalene sulphonic acid. There are obi
tion' bodies which have separated from solutions. ’ tained per hour 13 grams of a reaction product
Suitable dispersion stabilizers are for example consisting'for the 'most part of monovinylacet'w
vegetable mucilages, water-soluble kinds of gum,
ylene.~ ‘Under. the same co'ndition's'but without
substances‘ having gelatinizing power, such as
25 agar-agar, pectins, dispersing agents, such as
true aliphatic. sulphonic acids of high molecular
weight, in particular condensation products from
fatty acids and hydroxyalkyl or aminoalkyl sul
.phonic acids, sulphonic esters of alcohols of high
adding the said sulphonic acid only 10 grams ofa
reaction product are formed and‘ the apparatus 25
employed is frequently stopped, by hard conglom
erated masses of crystals Whichhave separated.
Example '3
30 molecular weight or hydroxyalkylamides, alky- _ '_
30 litres of acetylene are led per hour through
lated aromatic sulphonic acids, condensation
products of ethylene oxide with organic com
a mixture, heated to 97° 0., consisting of 250
grams of cuprous chloride, 100 grams of am
monium chloride,‘-10 grams .of copper powder, 250
boxylic or'amino groups, condensation products grams of water and 0.5 gram of linseed mucilagee
from fatty acids or.the like and albumen degra- ' There are formed per hour-7 grams of a reaction
dation products, such as- ly'salbic acid,‘ protalbic product consisting to the extent of 85 per‘ cent /
acid, sulphite cellulose waste liquor or the phos ‘of monovinylacetylene. Under the'same condi
‘ pounds which contain one or more hydroxy, car- ~
' phatides obtained in the puri?cation ‘of vegetable.
tions but without the addition of linseed muci-lage, ' '
oils,. as for example lecithine.’ The dispersion
40 stabilizers may be added to the cuprous salt solu-' '
tions’assuch or in admixture with other sub
stances.
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An important advantage of the process accord-~
ing to this inventionconsists in the fact that by
only, 5 ‘grams of reaction product .are obtained. What we claim is:—-
.
.1. In producing conversion productsjfrom acet
40
ylene by treating the same with aqueous acid
cuprous salt solutions the step which comprises
performingjthe said conversion by means of an ‘
~ the addition of the said substances considerably ,
acid‘, cup'rous salt solution to which has been
higheryields of conversion products of ‘acetylene
' are obtained-than by the processes already known.
The following examples will further illustrate
I how the presentinvention maybe carried out in
practice but the invention is‘ not restricted to‘
these examples.
_
_ ¢
Example 1
30 litres‘of acetylene are led each hour through
amixture, heated to about 80° C. of- 500 grams oi-v
added
2. Inavasmall
producing
amountconversion
of a dispersionstabilizer.
products from -'
acetylene bytreating the same with aqueous acid
cuprous salt solutions the step which comprises
adding to the ‘said aqueous cuprous salt solutions 50
a small amount of a condensation product derived .
‘ from stearic acid and hydroxyethanesulphcnic
acid as a dispersion stabilizer.-
' '
3. In producing conversion products from acet-_ '
ylen'e'by treating the same with aqueous acid
56
ammo-r
salt solutions ‘the step which comprises
cuprous salt solutions the step/which» comprises‘ cuprous
adding to the said aqueous cuprous salt solutions
adding tothe said aqueous cuprous salt solutions
a small amount of the sodium salt of a butylated
naphthalene sulphonic acid as a dispersion sta
4. ‘In producing conversion products from acet
yle'ne by treating the same with aqueous acid
a small ‘amount of linseed mucilage as a disper
sion stabilizer.
ROBERT STADLER.
ALBERT AUERHAHN.
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