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Патент USA US2131213

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Sept. 27, 1938.
2,131,213
A. s. BECKER ET AL
BRASSIERE CONSTRUCTION
Filed June 9, 1937
_
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Sept. 27, 1938.
'
A.S.BECKER ETAL
2,13i,213
'BRASSIERE CONSTRUCTION
Filed June 9, 1957
’ 2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Sept.
r 2,131,213?
'
‘UNITED, STATES PATENT ' orricr.
'
>
.
I
2,131,213,
I
A‘
_
'
mssman coNsraUo'rroN'
Abraham 8. Becker and Zelta M. Andrus. rm“
Angeles, Calif., assignora to'Beautee-Flt Oom-i
pany, Inc., Los Angelou, CaliL, :- corporation
of California
r
Application June a, 1931, set-iii No.1“,278 Y.
(01. 2-42)
Another object is to disclose and provide a gar
ment constructed in such manner that the lower
portions of the bust-receiving pockets are mov
to cover and support the breasts, the construc
able with respect to each other.
'
tion being particularly adapted to permit free
A further object is to provide a garment adapt- 5
5 dom of movement and at the same time properly
to cover, support and mold the bust, the gar
support the breasts, the various elements entering ed
into the construction of the garment being so ment including two breast-receiving pockets, the
correlated that strains and stresses imposed on upper portion of each pocket being: associated
the garment while the wearer is exercising or with the lower porion of an adjacent pocket so
1 Claim.
This invention relates to anew and novel con
struction of a brassiére or other garment adapted
10 caused by vigorous movements of the arms and
shoulders will permit the garment to remain in
position over the breasts without discomfort or
binding and without permitting the bust to slip
out of position or from beneath the garment.
15
Ordinarily, brassieres are constructed of breast
receiving pockets, these pockets being made of
one or more pieces so designed as to form a con
cavity adaptedto receive the breast and mold it
to the desired form, these pockets being joined
20 together either directly or by means of a sternum
piece.
In prior constructions, strains imposed
upon a shoulder strap above one breast were not
transmitted to the adjoining breast in such man
ner as to facilitate its support or maintenance
25 within its pocket. The present invention con
templates a construction in which portions of one
breast-receiving pocket extend downwardly and
become a part of the pocket adapted to receive
the adjoining breast, these portions being so ar
30 ranged and designed that when a strain is im
posed upon the shoulder strap above one breast,
such strain is translated into a suitable support
ing movement of the entire bottom portion of the
garment overlying the lower portion of the ad
?» joining breast.
Moreover, in prior constructions the lower por
that strains applied to the upper portion of one 10 -
pocket are suitably translated into a supporting
movement of the adjacent pocket.
Other objects, uses and advantages of this in
vention will become apparent to those skilled in
the art from the following detailed description of II ,
illustrative forms of the invention.
Although in the subsequent detailed-description
reference is particularly made to brassieres per se,
it is to be understood that the invention may be
embodied in other garments adapted to cover the 20
bust and at the same time extend downwardly
over the torso.
For purposes of illustration, wever, reference
will be made to the appended rawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a three-quarter ont view of one form 25
of garment in posit n upon the body.
Fig. 2 is a iron view of one form of garment.
Fig. 31s a vertical section taken along the plane
III-III of Fig. 1
1
,
Fig. 4 diagram atically illustrates the shape 30
of elements used 1 constructing one-half of the
garment.
Fig. 5 is a front view of a modi?ed form of the
device embodying this invention.
By referring to the drawings, and particularly 35
Figs. 1 to 4 thereof, it will be seen that in the
tions of the two breast-receiving pockets were not ' form of garment illustrated two breast-receiving
movable with respect to each other, the two pock
ets being ?rmly attached together, as stated here
40 inabove, either along a vertical median line or to
a sternum piece. In the construction of this in
vention, however, not only is the bottom portion
of one breast-receiving pocket mechanically and
structurally related to the upper portion of the
45 adjacent pocket but in addition the lower portions
of the two breast-receiving pockets are yieldingly
movable with respect to each other, thereby per
mitting the two pockets‘ to readilyadapt them
selves to various bodily movements without slip
00 ping or movement of the garment on the body.
An object of this invention, therefore is to pro
vide a garment adapted to cover, support and
mold the bust comfortably and without undue
binding immediately below the breast, cha?ng, or
55 the like.
pockets are provided, these being,’ generally indi
cated at A and B. The breast-receiving pocket A
includes an upper portion l0 adapted to coverv 40
the upper part of the breast, and a section II
adapted to cover the lower portion of the breast.
The upper portion In is provided with a down
wardly directed extension II. The portions l0
and II are cut as indicated in Fig. 4, these two 45
portions being joined together along the edge I3
of the portion 10 and the edge 14 of section H
so as to form a pocket provided with an apex at
about the point IS. The seam resulting from the
connection between the portions III and I I, there- 50
fore, traverses the nipple in a downwardly and
inwardly directed manner. The extension l2
may be integral with the upper portion III or it
may be a separate piece, as shown in Fig. 4. At
all events, the extension I! is narrower than the 56
-2
upper portion l0. When the extension is a sepa
rate piece attached to the upper portion, the edges
of the portions Hi and I! which are attached to
each other,'are preferably concave, as shown at
l0’ and I2’, so that any pull exerted along the
members l0 and I2 is not localized at the edges of
such member but instead is distributed over the
entire width of the members. Furthermore, by
reason of the method of attachment shown
(whereby the edges of the members l0 and I2 are
longer than middle portions thereof) the com
bined members (such as l0 and its extension l2)
have a tendency to become concave when applied
to the body, as particularly shown in Fig. 3, so
15 that close contact of such members with the body
of the wearer between the breasts is attained.
The adjoining breast-receiving pocket B is also
provided with an upper portion l6 and a lower
section II, the upper portion I6 being provided
with a downwardly directed extension l8. The
downwardly directed extension I2 of the'upper
portion I0 is attached to and becomes the bot
tom or lower border of the adjoining breast-re
ceiving pocket B, whereas the extension l8 of the
upper portion I6 is attached to and becomes the
bottom of the breast-receiving pocket A. These
two members If] and I 6 overlap in a zone between
the breast-receiving pockets and at such zone
the portions l0 and i 6 need not be and preferably
30 are unconnected to one another.
Suitable underarm portions 22 and 23 are at
tached to the sides of the garment so as to ter
minate at the sides of the back or completely
across the back. As shown in Fig. 2, the mem
35 bers 22 and 23 terminate at the sides of the back,
an elastic member 24 provided with suitable clo
sure means being used in connecting thebrassiére
ends to each other at the back. Shoulder straps
25 and 26 extend upwardly from the upper por
tions i0 and I6 respectively, the other ends of
such shoulder straps being attached to the under
arm portions 22 and 23 respectively at the sides of
the back.
By referring to Fig. 3 it will be seen that the
portions l2 and I8 are unconnected, the portion
l2 blending into the portion I0 whereas' the por
tion l8 forms the bottom or lower border of that
section of the breast-receiving pocket A which
covers the lower portion of the breast.
The ex
50 tensions l2 and iii are narrower than the upper
portions i0 and I6 respectively so that said ex
tensions lie ?at against the body‘ beneath the
bust, such extensions tending to retain the bust
in the pockets A and B.
When the wearer has an
unusually large bust, however, such extensions
may curve outwardly to actually cover the lower
sections of the bust and thereby become a part of
the upper pocket and in such case only the lower
edge of the extensions lies ?at against the body
and acts to retain the bust within the pocket.
As a result of the construction shown, any
strain or pull on the shoulder strap 25 is trans
mitted by the member I0 and its extension l2 to
the lower portion of the breast-receiving pocket
65 B, the end of the extension l2 lying well beyond
the apex of the pocket B and preferably to the
. side of the pocket B so that the upward‘ tension
on the strap 25 is converted into an uplifting
movement of the entire pocket B from the bottom
70 edges thereof. Similar translation of forces oc
curs between strap 26 and the extension i8 of the
portion l6.
_
In this manner an unusual upward pull on the
shoulder strap 25 will not cause the pocket A to
move upwardly and over the breast contained
therein so as to expose the~breast from beneath
the brassiere. The free overlapping relation of
the members III and II and their extensions pro
duces a scissors-like action on the zone ofovere
lapping between the breasts, facilitating inde
pendent movement’and a comfortable lit at all
times.
It is to be understood that although a ‘particu
lar form of brassiere has been described in de
tail, the invention is not limited to any spe 10
ci?c form of construction in so far as the indi
vidual breast-receiving pockets are concerned.
In other words, the lower portion of the brase
siere, i. e., that portion adapted to cover the
lower portion of the breast, may be made from 15
one, two or more pieces of_material cut in any
desired manner. The garment may, of course, be
made of any suitable material such as satin, lace,
net, or the like. The extensions l2 and I! may
fgurthermore be made of elastic material if de
s red.
The gist of the present construction lies in that
a portion of one breast-receiving pocket,‘ said
portion being adapted to cover the upper part of
the breast contained in such pocket, is provided
with an extension which is connected to and be
comes a part of the bottom of the adjoining pock
et.
A modi?ed form of construction is shown in
Fig. 5.
As there shown. the breast-receiving
pockets A and B are correlated in a manner sim
ilar to that described hereinabove. The major
portion of the pocket A, for example, consists of
a member 30 provided with a dart 3| terminating
at 32, thereby forming an apex at such point.
The upper portion 33, adapted to cover the upper
portion of the breast to be received in pocket A,
is provided with a downwardly directed exten
sion 34 which is attached to the section 30' of
the pocket B. The portion 33’, adaptedv to cover '
the upper portion of the breast to be received in
pocket B, is provided with a downwardly directed
extension 34' which is in turn connected to the
lower portion of the pocket A. The extensions 34
and 34' terminate at the outer sides of the pock
ets'A and B; where these two extensions 34 and
34' cross, as at C, they may be connected to one
another or left free. In the garment shown.
these members 34 and 34' may be connected at
the zone C and further connected to each other
as by means of a strip of elastic material 35 sub
stantially in line with the lower edges of‘ the two
breast-receiving pockets.
'
Shoulder straps 36 and 31 are attached to the
upper portions 33 and 33' respectively and suit
able underarm members 33 and 39 are attached
to the outside edges of the pockets. Even though
the overlapping members 34 and 34' are connect
ed to each other at the zone C, they still permit
the bottom portions of the two breast-receiving
pockets A and B to move relatively to each other.
The main connecting strip 35 is elastic. While in
the embodiment shown in Figs. 2 and 3 the line
of connection between the upper portion and the
lower portion of each pocket traverses the nipple,
a similar line of connection in the garment shown
65
in Fig. 5 traverses a zone beneath the‘; nipple.
The width of the member 33, however, should be
appreciable in order to permit the lower ex
tension thereof to suitable support and exert the 70
desired action upon the lower portion of the'ad
joining breast-receiving pocket.
We claim:
,
.
In a garment adapted to receive and cover
the bust, the combination of a pair of breast-re 75
2,131,218
3
ceiving pockets, each comprising: a middle mem
ber provided with an upper edge inclined down
member attached to the lower edge of the middle
member; said upper member decreasing in width
wardly toward the opposite pocket and adapted
toward the adjacent pocket and continuing as a
to cover the lower section of the breast, an up
per member adapted to cover the upper section
narrow border member of said adjoining pocket; '
of the breast and connected to the upper edge
crossing each other in the region of the sternum,
of said middle member, said upper member origi
an underarm portion connected to the side of
each of said breast-receiving pockets, and clo
nating virtually below the arm of the wearer
and having an upper edge extending upwardly
10 to a point above the apex of the breast-receiving
pocket and then downwardly toward the ad
jacent pocket, and a relatively narrow border
the upper members and their narrow extensions
sure means adapted to connect said underarm,
10
portions at the back of the wearer.
ABRAHAM S. BECKER.
ZELTA M. ANDRUS.
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