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Патент USA US2131325

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Sept. 27, 1938.
M. M. KARGER
2,131,325 _
ART OF PACKAGING AND DISPENSING FLUENT COMMODITIES
Filed April 19. 1937
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2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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F
, Z, INVENTOR.
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M, JZJMJ
ATTORNEYé .
> Sept. 27, 1938.
M_ M_ KARGER
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2,131,325
ART OF PACKAGING AND DISPENSING‘FL'UENT COMMODITIES
Filed April 19, 1937
2 Sheets-sheet 2
INVENTOR.
ATTORNEY§~
Patented Sept. 27, 1938
2,131,325
UNITED STATES
PATENT OFFICE '* I’
2,131,325
ART OF PACKAGING AND DISPENSING FLU
ENT COMIMQDITIES
Milton M. Karger, Milwaukee, Wis.
Application April 19, 1937, Serial No. 137,710
3 Claims.
This invention relates to improvements in the
art of packaging and dispensing ?uent commodi
ties.
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A general object of the present invention is
5 to provide an improved method of and means for
packaging a ?uent commodity in a sealed con
tainer and in subsequently providinga discharge
opening in the container and manipulating the
container in a manner so as to forcibly dis
10 charge some of the commodity directly therefrom
through the opening in'the form of a spray or
(Cl. 221-77)
of the bodyof these containers are closed by
metal caps which are crimped or-clamped into
, place, the packer must of necessity have special
cap applying machinery, which is a draw-back
and disadvantage.
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With reference to the'present invention, it is
a more speci?c object to provide a paper board
container especially adapted for the ‘packaging
of oil, and overcoming the» above objections by
virtue of constructional‘features which eliminate .10
the possibility of oil leakageixor seepage, the
A further object of the invention is to provide container furthermore being of'such a charac
ter that the manufacturerv can, originally apply
a method of and means for packaging a fluent,
.15 commodity in a ‘telescopic container’and then the metal caps to the ends of- the body portions,
and the packer is only required to fill the con- 15
subsequently so operating the container, after an tainer and to seal it or close it ina very con
opening has been formed therein, to cause some
manner without the necessity of having
of the commodity to be pumped therefrom, the venient
original container serving as the impelling means. special equipment or machinery for this purpose.
A further ‘object of the invention is to provide
20
A further object of the invention is to provide
a
paper board containerespecially adapted for 20
a container, generally of paper board construc
tion, which may be readily initially ?lled or the packaging of oil, which meets all of the
requirements as to being light, durable, non
loaded with a ?uent commodity and thereafter re?llable,
and inexpensive.
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be subjected to a certain manipulation so as to
A
further
object
of
the
invention
is
to
provide
25 forcibly eject -material directly from the vcon
tainer in the form of a spray or stream, the a paper board container of the character de- 25
container'being of a character so as to preclude scribed, which after being opened for dispensing
stream.
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its being refilled, and furthermore being very
inexpensive so that it may be discarded after the
30
contents have been discharged therefrom.
As a more speci?c aspect of the ‘invention, itis
contemplated that the present method and con
tainer per se are especially adaptable for use in
connection with the vending of oil. Recently,
35 oil companies have found it very desirable to
vend oil in containers formed of paper board.
It is desirable that the paper board container
for this purpose have metallic ends, one of which
is opened or mutilated for dispensing purposes.
40 Paper board containers of this general type are
very advantageous because they are non-re?ll
able and therefore cannot be re-used with a sub
stitute or inferior commodity, are easily disposed
of, are cheap, and arelight. The major objec
45 tions, heretofore, to this type of an oil container
reside in the fact that oil is very di?icult to pack
and store because it has great seeping and leak
ing tendencies, and in this general class of con
tainers, when used for oil, the walls of the con
50 tainers have been marred and rendered unsightly '
by virtue of oil soaking through the paper board
walls thereof, andalso seepage and leakage of
oil has been found to occur» at the junction of
the metal caps with the ends of the paper board
55 body. In addition, due to the fact that the ends
purposes may be used in the nature of a pump "
so as to forcibly eject oil therefrom whereby the
contents of the container may be easily and rap
idly exhausted.
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.A further object of the invention is to provide
30
a paper board lubricant container which. may
have interchangeable ?ttings applied to the dis
charge end. thereof to adapt the container to
the forceful dispensing of various types of lubri
cant directly into the various portions of a motor
vehicle, such as the crank case, transmission,__o'r
the differential.
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35
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A further object of the invention is to provide
a method of and means for packaging and dis 40
pensing a ?uent commodity which is very simple,
which is inexpensive and expeditious, and which
is well adapted for the purposes vset forth. ~
With the above and. other objects ‘in view, the
invention consists of the improved method of 45
and means for packaging and dispensing fluent
commodities, and its parts, combinations,‘ and
steps, as set forth in the claims and all equiva
lents
thereof.
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1
In the accompanying drawings in which the 50
same‘ reference characters indicate the same .
parts in 'all of the views:
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Fig. 1 is a perspective View of the improved
container just prior to the connection of the con
tainer sections to eifect a sealed, closed package; 55
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2,131,325
cased shoulder, and the union can be additionally
strengthened by a soldered joint, if desired.
The form of container under consideration is
Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of
the container in closed, sealed condition;
Fig. 3 is an end view of the container after
rupture or mutilation of an end cap for dispens
especially suited for the packaging and dispens»
ing of oil. The manufacturer of the container
will supply the same to the oil packer or vendor
in substantially the condition shown in Fig. 1;
that is to say, each container will comprise the
ing purposes;
Fig. 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary, detailed
sectional view of one end portion of the container
showing the telescopic arrangement of the two
two complementary telescopic sections l5 and IS
with the outermost ends of the respective sections 10
closed by the metallic caps. The oil vendor or
sections thereof and also showing the manner in
which a cap is applied to an end of one of the
sections;
Fig. 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary, detailed ‘packer merely has to separate the sections I5
sectional view of the other end of the container and IBand fill the inner section 16 with the oil
after the seal between the sections hasbeen bro: f or othert?uent commodity. Thereafter the con 15
tainer is closed by moving the section 15 onto
15 ken and with a special discharge appliance ap
the section I5 and sliding it lengthwise thereof
Fig. 6 is a similar view showing another iormew in a telescopic manner until the uncapped end of
of appliance ?tted on the ruptured or discharge the section ‘I 5 contacts the inner peripheral
plied to the ruptured end of the container; -
end of the container;
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- shoulder of the collar 2|.
-*the discharge of the contents thereof;
‘Fig. 8 is a longitudinal sectional'view, ‘on a'largé
ersca'l'e, of the form of container shownjin
25
7 in its closed sealed condition;
7
7
H I‘
Fig. '9 is' a view of the discharge ‘end thereof
after theremoval of a temporary‘closure'cap; and
' Fig. 10 is a vertical sectional view of thecon
tainer of Fig. 8,'only showing the’ telescopic move}
30
It should also be ob~
Fig. '7,‘ is a perspective view showing the method served that the container sections‘ 15 and l?eare
of manipulating a modi?ed formoi’ container for "so proportionedthat when the container is thus
mentof the container'sections toj'effect pump
action for the ‘discharge of the contents}; '
_ Referring now more particularly to the form of
the invention shown in Figs. 1 to 6‘inclu‘sive, it
closed,‘ 'the‘innerinost end of thesecnos- l6 will
abut tightly against the inset vwall of” the endfcap
lfu‘ini thegmanner‘ shown in' Fig.12.’ When the
container is' thus closed; it 'may be‘ sealed in this
condition‘ bythe application of a sealing’medium
to,theQcreVice'or‘joint’between the open: end’ of
the section j 5 and the inner periphery of vvthe‘ col
lar e2'l.,-"a_se'indica_ted at 25 in Fig._2l It is also ob
tape or the, like;
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_ From'the description thus farfit will be evi
dent thatlth'e containeris packed ‘or__ ?lled by’ the
tions including an outer section l5 and an inner
required ~forthefllHng ‘and sealing operations.
When the container is'thus ?lled,_ closed and
sealed, it‘ isfleaképroofand especially advant'aé
mation with the cylindrical bodyportionsof the
same being formed ‘of plied paper board or other
‘suitable ?brous material. The outerend of the
scctionlS is sealed and closed by means of a
dished metallic cap I‘! best shown in'»Fig_s.,2 and
4. The end wall portion of the tubular section
IE to which the‘capr I1 is applied, has crimped
45 there-about a .U-shapedband or collar I._ii,,and
packer'or vendor in a. 5very_ simple‘ and ‘expeditious
'manner, and no special tools or equipment are
"geous 'for the holding and storing of a commodity ‘
such as "OiLIETVBBQaUSQ‘ of the two-sectional con
struction of the container there areha multiplicity
‘of plies throughwhichfmaterial would have to
the body section IS, the peripheral. ?ange IQ of
seep i'fjleakage through the ‘major vwall portion
‘should occur,’ andthe characteristicsof the walls
and iheeumber of Plies forming lihgsamenre
eludes this‘ possibility. _In_addition if the tubular
said cap ‘is bent tightly about and into engage;
ment with the collar’ l8, tightly clamping and
outermost section » covers 7‘ and protects .the seam
when the cap I‘! is applied to said end portion of
embracing the end portion ofthesection I5.
I‘f'desired, a soldered connection may be effected
between contacting portions of the collar 18 and
the cap flange
l9.
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The outer surface of the cylindrical body of
55 the. inner container section l6 has a coating
thereon as indicated at 2!] in Fig. 4. Said coat
ing is of a character so as to render the wall of
the member I6 impervious. .The outermost end
of the container section I6 is surrounded by a
60 ?brousmaterial collar 2| which is positioned
relative to the end of the body section l6 so as
to extend somewhat beyond the said end and
thereby provide an internal annular ‘shoulder.
The end portion of the body’ section It under
consideration is tightly embraced by a U-shaped
metallic element 22, and the inwardly oiTset face
25
"viou's that the container joint may be sealed or ’
closediby~ any other convenient means such {as
will appear that the, improved container com
prises a pair oficomplementary telescopic sec
"section [6; both of which are of cylindrical for
20
Walls are. fgrmecltwitli longitudinal seams the
of the winner section. In addition to'this the in
nermost'section has the coating,‘ or impregnation
20 which guards. against leakage or seepage,
Leakage. or seepage at the ends of .the container
is protected against by virtue of the constructions
of’ saidnends and the manner in which the. end
caps . I'll‘ and, 23 ,are'applied. The cap i1. is
clinched aboutv the metallicv element I8 and the
end 'of' the body member J5 is vtightly embraced
and ‘clamped therein, and'inrclosed condition the
end of the inner section l6 tightly abuts against
the capll and ‘element I8 and forms agasketror
washer. The’ same is.1ikewise true-of theother
endof the container. .In this instance the metal
cap. 23 is appliedto the. peripheral portionof the
collar, 2|_,_but. itpseats‘ on and abuts “against the
metallic'element‘ 22 which in turn “clinches the
‘end of the inner section. |6.. ;
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of a. metallic end cap 23 seats ?rmly against'said
" "In the use of_ he improved container'it iscon
embracing element 22 and has its peripheral
templatedthat the vendor; such as ‘a?lling sta
tion; be supplied with a number of. the ‘sealed
76 flange 24 bent over and clinched to the pro
jecting end portion'of the collar 2| so as to tight
ly embrace said projecting'end portion of the
collar. It will thus be noted that saideend of the
inner telescopic section 16 is thus closed by the
75 metallic cap 23 which is seated on the metal en
packages containing lubricants .of different .classi;
?cations. If the motorist desires a certain quan-‘l
tity of a vcertain type of lubricating oil_intro-_
duced intoithe crankcase of hisvehicle, he will.
so instruct the attendant, and the proper se aled
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2,131,325
package will be selected. Thereafter the end cap
23 of the 'container'will be ruptured or cut out
to provide an opening 26 therein, as in Fig. 3,
and the seal or- securing means between the collar
Q 3
shoulder formed‘ at the end of thetubular sec
, tion IS’.
The sections l5'fand l6’. Vare'f‘ormed
of paper board or similar ?brous material, and
the cap 23', which forms the dischargeend ofi‘the
2i and section 15 will be broken. A special ap . container, is provided with an ‘outer circle of rel
pliance 2'7 (see Fig. 5) with which the attendant atively small discharge ori?ces‘ 36 and a central
is provided, will then be forced over the ruptured _ ori?ce 37 through which air may be‘admitted.
end of‘ the section l6, and said appliance 21 in
In use the discharge’ end 2350f the inner-sec
cludes a cupped portion 28 with overhanging sides tion
I6’ is covered by a temporary and removable
10 which‘ tightly and frictionally embraces outer
cap 38 (see Fig. 8). The section I6’ is then ?lled 10
portions of the collar 2|. The outer wall of the
with the fluent commodity through itsiopenend,
cupped’ member 28 has an opening 29 therein and the package is next closed by inserting the
from which extends a section of ?exible tubing section l5’ onto and over the section l6’ until the
30 which carries a nozzle or spout 3| at its outer
condition shown in Fig. 8 isattained. - The joint
15 most end. A funnel structure 32 may be incorpo
or crevice between’theend of the section I5’ and
rated within the cupped member 28 with its re
the end of the collar 2|’ may be sealed and closed
duced end registering with the opening 29 and by a strip of tape 39, or other suitable
the inner end of the ?exible tubing 30. V
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sealing medium applied thereto as shown.
When the appliance 21 is thus positioned on
The package as thus ?lled and sealed is in con
20 the proper end of the container and the seal is
dition for vending, and it is especially suited for
broken, the end of the tubing 30 is introduced. holding} commodities such as lawn seed, pulver
into the crank case inlet opening of the vehicle
fertilizer, sand, insecticide, disinfectant or
and then the operator holds the container with ized
the like, or in fact any powdered or granular
the section IS in one hand and the other section commodity which it is desirable to‘ spread over a
25 l5 in the other hand and reciprocates said‘ sec
given area by means of a spraying operation. In
tions back and forth telescopically in the manner use the sealing medium 39 is removed as is the 25
of a pump and thereby forcibly and quickly ejects cap 38 which temporarily closes the discharge
all of the contents of the container into the crank apertures 36, and then the container is operated
case via the tubular connection 30. After the
30 container has been thus emptied, the appliance , in the manner of a'pump to discharge the con
tents in spray form, in the manner shown in 30
21 is removed so as to be subsequently used with Fig.
7;
other containers, but the emptied container is
From
the foregoing description it will be seen
then discarded and may be readily destroyed. It
cannot be re?lled or re-used because the metallic
35 end thereof has been ruptured and opened for
dispensing purposes.
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In Fig. 6 a slightly modi?ed form of appliance
21’ is illustrated in its application to the dis
charge end of the container. This appliance 21'
40 is especially adapted for use in connection with
introducing the contents of the container into the
differential or a like portion of a vehicle. The
appliance 2'!’ has a cupped portion 28' which
is frictionally ?t onto and over the opened end
45 portion of the container, as shown in Fig. 6. The
?at end wall of the appliance 21' has a central
discharge opening therein, from which a tubular
stub 30' projects outwardly. The outer end of
the stub 30' is externally threaded as at 32 to
50 receive the internally threaded inner end of a
hook shaped discharge nozzle 3|’. In use said
nozzle 3|’ is introduced into the opening into
which lubricant is to be forced, and the container
is reciprocated back and forth telescopically to
55 pump out the contents through the stub 30' and
nozzle 3|’. If desired the appliance 21' may be
equipped with an air vent 33 which will be lo
cated over the rupture 26 in the container end.
The ori?ce 34 in said vent 33 is normally closed
60 by a ball valve 35 to prevent the ?o'w of lubricant
therethrough, but said ball valve can move away
from the ori?ce 34 to admit air to facilitate the
pumping operations.
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A modi?ed form of container is shown in Figs.
65 '7 to 10 inclusive. This form of container is
especially adapted for the packaging of ?uent
commodities of a granular nature wherein'the
concern regarding leakage and seepage is not
acute. Said form of container comprises an outer
70 cylindrical section l5’ closed at its outer end by
a metallic cap I1’ and an inner cylindrical sec
tion l6’ having its outer end portion surrounded
by a collar 2|’, the outer end of which has
clinched thereto a metallic end cap 23’ whose
75 inner peripheral portion seats against the
that‘ with the present invention a suitable com- '
modity can be originally packed in the container
in a very convenient and expeditious manner
without the necessity of special tools, equipment
or appliances. When the commodity is thus
packaged it is presented to the consumer in an
attractive sealed manner, and the package is of
such a nature that re-use or re?lling of the same .
With an inferioror substitute commodity is pre
cluded. In addition, the consumer can dispense
the commodity directly from the container in a
convenient spray or stream form under pressure,
by using the container itself asgar pumping or force
impelling medium. The container is relatively in
expensive to manufacture, and after the contents
have been exhausted therefrom it may be readily
discarded and disposed of.
.While the particular embodiments of the in- ,_
vention have been set forth for the purpose of
description, it is not intended that they invention
be limited precisely thereto, and all changes and
modi?cations as are withinthe scope of the an
nexed claims are contemplated.
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What is claimed as the invention is:
1. A dispensing container, comprising a pair of‘
hollow tubular members, said members both be
ing formed of paper board and'being' ?tted to
gether in telescopic relationship, the outer section
being of’ less length than the inner section, a
metal cap crimped to the outer end portion of ‘
_ the outer section and closing said end, a collar
surrounding the outer end of the ‘inner ‘section, a
metallic cap crimped to the outer end of said col-v
lar and closing the adjacent end'of said inner
section, said cap having a discharge opening
' therein, a temporary cover removably positioned
over said latter cap, and a severable closing me
dium between said collar and therinner end of
said outer section.
2. A dispensing container, comprising a pair of -
hollow tubular members, said members both be
ing formed of paper board and being ?tted to.
gether in telescopic relationship, a metal cap
2,131,325
crimped to '- theiouter end‘portion OfthBf‘O‘lltGl‘
section and closing said endpa'ipaper board‘ collar _
surrounding the ‘outer endiof the inner section
ancliprojectingfslightly beyond the adjacent end
scopic relationship, a'iclosure cap secured to-and
closing the'outer end of the-outer section, a col
lar-surrounding the outer end-of the inner section
and projecting slightly beyond‘the adjacent end
ofsaid platter section and-forming an internal
der, and a rupturable metal cap‘crimped to the shoulder, a metallic channel member tightly em
projecting portion of said collar and also seating‘ bracing, said shoulder, and’ a rupturable cap
crimped to the projecting portion of said collar
on said internal shoulder, the outer section being
and, also seating on said channel member, the
of les'slength than the inner section and said in
outer section being of less length than the inner 10
10 nersection, in its innermost position having its
section
and said inner section, in its innermost
inner end ?rmly engaging the cap on the outer
position, having its inner end ?rmly engaging the
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3. A dispensing container, comprising a pair of cap on the outer section.
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MILTON ,M. KARGER.
hollow tubular'members ?tted. together in tele
Cl of said latter'section'forming an internal shoul
section.
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