Патент USA US2131344код для вставки
' Sept-.27, 1938- ' c. J. CROWLEY BATHING CAP Filed April 19, 1937 2,131,344 Patented Sept. 27, 1938 _ ' 72,131,344 om'rao STATES. PATENT orrics BATHING CAP Cornelius J. Crowley, New Haven, Conn, assignor to The Seamless Rubber Company, Incorpo- - rated, New. Haven, 001111., a corporation of “ Massachusetts Application April 19, 1937, Serial No. 137,841 ' '4 Claims. (or z-ssi This invention relates to‘ rubber bathing caps. around the edge portion of the cap to the other temple portion, but modi?cation may be made in this respect if desired. The ?anges ill and II have thin bodies, and being made of elastic material are of a yielding nature, so that, while, when the cap is not in One of the objects of my invention is to enhance the water-excluding characteristics of the cap by means comprising relatively soft yielding 5 parts (preferably made integrally with the cap body) which do not detract from the comfort of the wearer, and which more particularly are use, they project inwardly so as to be substan characterized by the absence of relatively sti? , tially normal to their supporting body (Fig. ‘3): or rigid elements, which, as in some prior caps, they are readily displaced when in contact with 10 present edges pushing into the skin and causing the head so as to take positions such as those considerable discomfort. By my improvements shown, for example, in Fig. 5. The ?anges, fur 10 the cap is improved from a manufacturing stand thermore, instead of being straight-walled, as in point in that it may be readily and inexpensive some prior constructions, are de?ected from‘ a ly produced, while at the same time the construc straight line so that, generally speaking, each tion is such as to act effectively in excluding wa presents a zigzag rim or wall extending along the ter which might otherwise enter the cap at the body of the cap near the edge portion thereof. edge portions. By my invention also I provide More speci?cally, each ?ange presents a series the cap with a water-excluding ?ange or like of relatively short interconnected curved por member which better conforms to the head and tions, preferably of uniform length. Still more 20 neck of the wearer, and by being self-conforming specifically, the preferred construction as ex 20 has a uniform-water-excluding action through hibited in the drawing presents a thin yielding out the length of such ?ange or member. wall of scalloped formation presenting a series In the accompanying drawing: ' Fig. 1 is a vertical central section through a . of segments of circles joined together at their ex- ' tremities. Also, in the particular form illus trated, it will be observed that these ?anges, which are adjacent but spaced from and inde 25 bathing cap embodying my improvements; Fig. 2 is a fragmentary inside view on a larger scale of the edge portion of the cap, which in this pendent of each other, are provided with con instance is provided with two water-excluding rubber ?anges; 80 1‘ cave wall portions so arranged that each such portion of one ?ange faces a corresponding por-, . Figs. 3 and 4 are sections on lines 3-8 and 6-6, respectively, of Fig. 2; and Fig. 51s a sectional view illustrating the posi tion which the ?anges may take when the cap is applied to the head. In the drawing I have shown a rubber cap of the type known as full-fashioned or full-head shaped (of the molded variety), but it is to be understood that my invention may be applied to caps of other types. The body of the cap is shown at 8, and the same is provided with a por tion ‘i which comes down on the forehead, and portions 8 which cover the ears, and a portion 9 which extends across the back of the neck. In the form illustrated, two water-excluding ?anges i8 and H are provided which are con nected to the cap body (preferably integrally) along lines spaced slightly upwardly from the lower edge of the cap, and in general these ?anges have a curvature conforming generally to that of the cap edge. The ?anges do not ex tend across the forehead portion, as they are not necessary in that region, and they therefore terminate at the temple portions, as shown. Each ?ange preferably extends continuously from the temple portion at one side of the cap tion of the other ?ange. ' In the use of the cap, which is applied to the head in the customary manner, the yielding thin corrugated ?anges, when the cap is in place, are ?exed or displaced by contact with the head and neck of the wearer so that they no longer main 35 tain their normal 'or perpendicular relation to the cap body, but have their parts'moved lateral-’ 1y so as to contact with their ?at surfaces against the adjacent surfaces of the head and neck. In other words, these ?anges, owing to their shape 40 and the material of which they are composed, readily conform to the parts to which the mar ginal part of the cap is applied. Fig. 5 shows‘ an ' example of positions which the ?anges may as Vsume at one point in the cap margin, but it is to be understood that in some places the ?anges may conform more closely to the head or neck than in the case illustrated in Fig. 5, and in other places less closely. This feature is of some importance in that a ?ange of the character de 60 scribed, by the diversity of the possible posi tions of its parts at different points, when the cap is applied to the head, is enabled to conform to the head and neck parts more readily so as to repel incoming water more uniformly than here- u ‘ 2 2,131,344 tofore at the di?erent points in the length of _ said wall being soft and yieldable, and following the cap edge. In other words, the ?ange serves a zig~zag line made up of a multiplicity of short effectively to repel water in the places where there is usually a slight gap or space under the cap edge, as well as in those places where the cap edge has a tighter fit. . It will also be understood that the latitude in the direction of bending or ?exing of the ?ange portions is a feature of importance. In the case 10 illustrated in Fig. 5, parts of both ?anges are ?exed in an upward direction, but they will act with equal e?iciency if ?exed'in a downward di rection, for example, and they will act e?ective ly regardless of the direction in which they are 15 ?exed and without the necessity of exercising special care in adjusting the marginal portion of the cap on the head. While I have shown a cap in which two ?anges are employed, it will be understood that in some portions approaching toward and receding from the margin in a course generally parallel and close to the margin. 2. A rubber bathing cap having a water-ex cluding ?ange normally standing substantially perpendicularly to the cap body and provided with a free inner edge, said ?ange being within the cap margin and having portions leading al 10 ternately toward and away from the margin, said ?ange presenting a series of segments of small circles of substantially the same diameter joined at their extremities and free to ?ex in opposite directions into ?atwise engagement with the head 15 of the wearer. 3. A rubber bathing cap having on its inner surface and following sinuous lines adjacent its margin, thin elastic ?ange members well sepa rated irom each other and normally standing 20 20 aspects of my invention the number of ?anges substantially perpendicularly to the body of the is immaterial. My improved cap is quite comfortable in that cap. and having‘inner edges which are free sub ' it is devoid of stiif or rigid ribs or edges pushing directly into the skin. In practice it provides a 25 high degree of water exclusion, and yet the ar ticle can be inexpensively produced by methods such as customary in the manufacture of rubber varticles, and more particularly molded and vul canized rubber articles of an integral construc tion. . stantially throughout their length, said ?ange members presenting portions leading toward each other alternating with portions more remote from 25 each other and being free to ?ex in opposite di rections into‘ ?atwise engagement with the head of the wearer. v4. A rubber bathing cap having on its inner surface and following sinuous lines adjacent its 80 While I have shown one embodiment of my improved cap, it is to be understood that the in vention is susceptible of many different embodi margin, thin elastic ?ange members well sepa rated from each other and normally standing substantially perpendicularly to the body of the ments, and that many changes ‘and modifications of the cap herein shown may be made without cap, and having inner edges which are free sub departing from the principles of my invention or the scope of the appended claims. What I claim is: - 1. A rubber bathing cap having 'within the 40 margin a water-excluding wall normally stand ing substantially perpendicularly to the cap body, stantially'throughout their length, each of said ?ange members having portions formed as seg ments of circles and presenting concavities facing those of the other ?ange member and ‘be ing free to ?ex in opposite directions into ?atwise engagement with the head of the wearer. CORNELIUS J. CROWLEY.