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Патент USA US2131380

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Sept. 27, 1938.
2,131,380
s. H. LINDERMAN
MULTI-PLY MANIFOLD'ING ROLL
Filed Jan. 2, 1936
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_ INVENTOR.
SiewartHLmderman
a
2,131,380‘
Patented Sept. 27, 1938
UNITED STATES
PATENT orrlcs
2,131,380
MULTI-PLY MANIFOLDING ROLL
‘ Stewart H. Linderman, Burlington, N. J., as
signor, by mesne assignments, to Underwood
Elliott Fisher Company, New York, N. Y., a
corporation of Delaware
Application January 2, 1936, Serial No. 57,166
4 Claims. (Cl. 282——28)
drawn from beneath the work webs to substitute '
This invention has for one object, an economy
in the use of carbon or manifolding material in
unused portions of the manifolding plies for the‘ ' ~
typewriting machines, with particular reference
worn out portions, which worn portions are‘
to the use of what are known as carbon packs
or rolls, the plies of which are interleaved with
either coiled on the rewind roll, or severed from
the supply of manifolding material and dis: '
carded.
fanfold or continuous form webs of paper.
In the well-known Elliott Fisher ?at platen
Also, when the last portion of the manifolding
ing material may be fed either transversely of
'10 the platen or writing surface, (as shown in the
accompanying drawing, and in U. S. Letters
Patent to Lentz, 1,677,971, July 24, 1928) or
lengthwise of the writing surface, as shown in
roll is brought over the platen, the stretches of
plies between the supply roll, to which the eXtreme ends of the manifolding plies are at
tached, and the adjacent edge of the platen are
wasted, since it is still necessary to provide an
anchorage for the manifolding material to pre
Letters Patent to Miller, 1,919,855, July 25, 1933,
vent skewing thereof, > and consequent injury,
typewriting and billing machines, the manifold
15 for instance.
The carbon rolls or packs usually comprise a
plurality of manifolding sheets or plies from two
to ?fteen in number, each sheet or web being
about ninety inches long.
In general, there are but ?ve or six of these
20
manifolding plies intercoiled on a single roll,
which, when in use, are interleaved with the
work sheets or webs, usually comprising a series
of printed blank forms to be written upon. '
25
In the side feeding type of Elliott Fisher ma
chine, the manifolding plies traverse a path
transversely of the path of the work sheets or
webs, whereas in the end feeding type of ma
chine, the work webs and interleaved manifolding
30 plies form a pile traversing the same path longi
tudinally of the platen.
10
when the completed forms are withdrawn and 15
severed from the supply of work webs.
Substantially the same considerations exist
where the interleaved manifolding plies and
work webs are fed in a pack longitudinally of
the platen.
‘
,
To be sure, there is not much waste of mani
folding material at'the free or leading ends of
the plies, but the supply roll must, for struc
tural reasons, be located so far from the ?rst
printing line on the platen, that there is a very 25
appreciable Waste at the trailing ends of the
plies, which, in a ten ply carbon pack, would
amount to over 20%.
I
To avoid the waste at the trailing ends of the
manifolding plies, my invention contemplates 30
the provision of a reach or spacing strip to afford
After one set of printed forms has been ?lled . an anchorage for the trailing ends of the mani
folding plies, one end of the reach or spacing
out, it is necessary to draw the work sheets for
wardly until the forms just completed can be strip beingattached to the supply spool or reel,
around which the reach is coiled, the trailing .35
35 severed from the supply, a new set of forms
being drawn forwardly between and relatively to ends of the pack of manifolding plies being at
the interleaved manifolding plies, which plies tached to the leading end of the reach or spacing
must remain in their adjusted positions, as the strip, which latter is of such length as to extend‘
from its point of attachment to the spool, to the
work webs are drawn over the platen.
margin of the platen or writing surface.
And
to
insure
that
the
manifolding
plies
ex
40
' Another object is to enable‘ the trailing ends
tending across the platen shall remain in their
proper positions, it is customary to either lead
the free ends of such plies to and secure them in
place on a re-wind roll, or, as herein shown, the
45 free or leading ends of the manifolding plies
that project beyond the side edges of the work
webs may be con?ned between a suitable clamp
ing bar and the frame of the machine.
Obviously, the use of a re-wind roll will result
50 in the waste of those unused portions of the
of the pack of manifolding plies to .be readily and
quickly attached to, the leading end of the reach
or spacing strip.
'
To this end, the trailing ends of the mani 45
folding plies are secured together, and the
gathered end or stub thus formed is attached to
one edge of a binding or connecting band, the
opposite edge of which is attached to the leading
end of the spacing strip.
.
leading ends of the lengths of manifolding plies
‘ A further object is to protect the gathered
as extend from the edge of the platen to the
rewind roll.
As the manifolding'material becomes worn, the
clamp is released, and the worn areas are then
trailing end or stub of the ‘pack of manifolding
plies, as .well as to prevent injury to the mani
folding plies from the means usedto secure the
trailing ends in a pack.
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2,131,380’
This result is readily accomplished by, ?rst,
attaching the connecting band to the gathered
trailing end of the pack of manifolding sheets
at such distance forwardly from ‘the extreme end
of the pack as to cover and overlie the gathered
end of the pack, and secondly, to attach the op
pcsite edge of the connecting band at such‘ a
distance rearwardly of the ‘extreme leading edge
of the reach or spacing strip as to enable such
leading end to project over the gathered trailing
ends of the pack on the side opposite that to
which the connecting'band is attached, so that
the trailing end of the pack is embraced between
the binding band and the spacing strip.
Other objects and advantages will be more fully
15
, set forth hereinafter and particularly pointed out
in the claims.
In the accompanying drawing,
Fig. 1 is an enlarged view in cross section,
20 showing one embodiment of this invention ap
plied to an Elliott Fisher machine, wherein the
manifolding sheets are fed transversely of and
across the platen or writing surface;
Fig. 2 is a perspective View showing a carbon
25 roll pack; and
Fig. 3 is a greatly enlarged detail view in vsec
tion, to show the means for, and manner of,
attaching the gathered trailing end of the carbon
pack to the leading end of the spacing strip.
30
The particular style of Elliott Fisher machine,
in connection with which the selected embodi
merit of the invention is illustrated, includes
platen side rails I and 2 extending from front
to rear adjacent the longitudinal side edges of
35 the usual vertically movable platen 3, all as
shown in U. S. Letters Patent to Foothorap,
1,569,917, January 19, 1926, and to Lentz,
1,677,971 aforesaid.
Spaced brackets 4, one only of which is shown,
40 project from the left hand side rail i, and sup
port between them the cylindrical reel or spool 5
formed with a non-circular bore to accommodate
a correspondingly shaped shaft journaled in
bearings in the brackets.‘
Heretofore, the trailing ends of the carbon
45
manifolding plies have been directly secured to
50
the periphery of the 'reel or spool in any con
venient manner, as by spring clamps.
This invention contemplates the use of a reach
or spacing web 5, wound upon the reel or spool,
and of su?icient length, when unreeled there
from to extend from the spool to the adjacent
edge of the platen or writing surface, irrespec
tive of the distance between the spool and the
‘
'
"
~
'
~
latter. The binding band 9 extends rearwardly
of the extreme ends of the manifolding plies or
of the trailing end of the pack a suf?cient dis
tance to form a tab for attachment to the lead
ing end of the spacing strip 6.
Conveniently, the binding band 9 may com
prise a strip of tough and ?exible material, as
the usual adhesive tape coated on one side for
attachment at its forward portion to the trailing
end of the pack of manifolding material, and at 10
its rear portion to the leading end of the reach
or spacing strip, the heavy black line H], in Fig. 3,
indicating the adhesive coating.
To protect thecoiled manifolding plies from
mutilation or indentation by the stapling or 15
stitching 8, the rearwardly extending tab portion
of the binding band 9 is attached to the leading
end of the reach or spacing strip at such a dis
tanee in rear of the extreme leading edge thereof
as to leave a projecting portion arranged to ex
of the carbon pack from that to which the bind
ing band is attached, to a point slightly in ad
vance of the line of stapling or stitching, to form
a protective, apron, the gathered end of the car
bon pack being, in effect, embraced between the
binding band and the projecting end or apron
Of course, the trailing ends of the manifolding
plies could be pasted together, but the stapling 30
or stitching is much quicker, and more easily ‘
performed.
In use, the leading ends of the manifolding
plies l are led through a‘ suitable slot or opening
H in the adjacent side rail 1, and over a sup: 35
porting guide l2, interposed between the inner
face of the side‘rail 'I and the adjacent edge of
the platen 3, and thence across the platen, past
the opposite side rail 2 and partway down the
outer face ‘thereof, to which the leading ends are 40
clamped by a suitable pressure bar l3 having a
severing edge M, an earlier form of which is
shown in patent to Foothorap, 1,569,917, Janu
ary 19, 1926, for instance.
7
'
‘
Prior to the application of the pressure bar l3
to the free or leading ends of the plies of mani
folding material forming the carbon pack, the
continuous form webs l5, are unwound one at a
time from their respective rolls supported at the
rear of the frame (not herein shown, but dis
closed in Foothorap, 1,569,917) and drawn for
wardly along the platen or'writing surface, where
they are interleaved with the manifolding plies,
commencing with the lowermost, after which the
‘manifolding plies are drawn‘ taut, and the clamp- ,
ing bar or member I3 is applied to the free ends ‘
venient manner, the plies of manifolding mate
rial ‘I being connected to the leading end of the
60 web, which web is of some flexible, inexpensive
placement.
While ‘the connection of the manifolding plies
to the reach or web may be effected in many
ways, I prefer to effect such connection in a
65 manner substantially like that shown in the ac
companying drawing, wherein the trailing ends
of the superposed manifolding plies are secured
together by stapling or stitching, as shown at 8,
to form a gathered end, the stapling or stitching
70 operating to bind the manifolding plies together
thereof, ,to hold them against accidental dis
.
The non-circular shaft (not shown) support
ing the spool or reel 5 is usually frictionally held 60
in any suitable manner against accidental rota
tion, as well as against rotation when the mani
folding plies are tautened to cause them to lie
evenly and without creases across the interleaved
work sheet webs. One such means is shown at 66
in patent to Foothorap, 1,268,954, June 11, 1918,
but I do not con?ne myself to the particular
form there shown.
.,
'
,Such tautness of the manifolding plies is very
as a unit, and thereafter, to attach to one face
helpful "in preventing wrinkles or mutilations of,
the-plies as the continuous form webs are drawn
of the "pack of manifolding plies a binding band
forwardly therethrough after being printed.
9, which. preferably extends forwardly of the
When the leading ends of the manifolding'plies
have become too worn, the clamp I3 is released
,as well ‘as the friction brake for the supply roll 1
manifolding pack to a point slightly beyond the
line of stitching or stapling 8, so as ‘to cover the
2.5
cf the reach, respectively. '
55 platen.
The inner end of the reach or spacing web 6
may be secured to the spool or reel in any con
material as “kraft” paper, for instance.
20
tend along'the'opposite side of the trailing end
3
2,131,380
and the plies drawn to the right (in the drawing)
to substitute fresh transfer areas for the worn
areas, the friction brake and clamp reapplied,
and the worn out portions of the manifolding
plies severed from the supply by tearing oif along
the cutting edge M.
It will be seen that this invention enables
practically the entire length of the manifolding
plies to be used, without waste, since, as shown,
10 the gathered end of the pack of manifolding plies
lowermost ply, to a point slightly beyond the line
of attachment of’ the manifolding plies, to form
a protective apron.
'
2. The combination with a ?exible spacing
strip; of a plurality of superposed manifolding
plies having leading ends and trailing ends, and
attached together near their trailing ends to form
a pack; a binding band attached to one sideof the
gathered ends of the pack, and overlying the line
of attachment of the manifolding plies to each 10
can be fed to the margin of the writing surface.
other, the‘binding band extending beyond the
Also the trailing endsv of the manifolding plies
gathered ends of the plies' for attachment to one
face of the free end of the ?exible spacing strip
at such a distance from the extreme free edge
thereof that'the free end of the strip can extend
can be secured together, and the binding or con
necting band attached to the gathered end of the
15 pack and to the leading end of the spacing strip
or reach with a minimum of time and by un
skilled labor.
‘
When the entire usable portions of the carbon
sheets or manifolding plies have become ex
20 hausted, the operator will tear across or rupture
slightly over the opposite side of the pack to form
a protective apron, whereby the gathered edge of
the pack is embraced between the binding band
and the apron.
15
~
3. The combination with a ?exible spacing
the adhesive tape constituting the binding band, i strip; of. a plurality of superposed manifolding
to enable the detachment of the stub or trailing plies having leading ends and trailingendaand
ends of the carbon sheets from the leading end
of the spacing web or strip, so as to utilize the
25 spacing web for the attachment thereto of a new
pack of manifolding material.
1
Changes and alterations may begmade in th
means for securing the trailing ends of the mani
folding plies together to form a pack and in con
30 necting such pack to the spacing strip or reach
without departing from the spirit and scope of
this invention.
What I claim as new is:—
1. A multiple manifolding ply holder compris
35 ing a plurality of superposed manifolding sheets
having leading ends and trailing ends, the sheets
attached together near their trailing ends to form
a pack; a binding band attached to the upper
face of the uppermost manifolding ply of the
40 pack along the secured edge thereof, and extend
ing over the uppermost sheet to a point slightly
beyond that at which the manifolding sheets are
secured together; the binding band extending in
the opposite direction past the secured edges of
45 the manifolding plies to form a tab or extension;
a ?exible spacing strip to the leading end of
which the tab is attached at such distance from
the free edge of the spacing strip that said free
edge of the spacing strip extends beneath the
stitched together near their trailing ends to form
a pack; a binding band attached to one side of
the pack adjacent'the stitched edge, the binding
band overlying the line of stitching and project
ing beyond the stitched edge of the pack for at
tachment to the leading end of the spacing strip
at such a distance from the free end of such strip
as to constitute the free end an apron extending 30
slightly past the line of stitching on the opposite
side of the pack.
4. A multiple manifolding ply holder compris
ing a plurality of superposed manifolding sheets
having leading ends and trailing ends, the sheets 35
attached together near their trailing ends to form
a pack; a binding band attached to the upper
face of the uppermost manifolding ply of the
pack along the secured edge thereof; the binding
band extending past the secured edges of the 40
manifolding plies to form a tab- or extension; a
?exible spacing strip to the leading end of which‘
the tab is attached at a point spaced apart from
the free end of the spacing strip at such a dis
tance that the free end of the spacing strip ex
tends beneath the lowermost ply, to a point '
slightly beyond the line of attachment of the
manifolding plies, to form a protective apron.
V
STEWART H. LINDERMAN. ,
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