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Патент USA US2131461

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Sept. 27, 1938.
I
A. T. LEVY
BUILDING
2,131,461
‘
Filed July 10, 1956
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
Sept. 27, 1938.
A‘ T. LEVY
2,131,461
BUILDING
Filed July 10, 1936
2/
>5 Sheets-Sheet 2
Sept. 27, 1938.
\
‘
A_ T, LEVY
1
2,131,461
BUILDING
Filed July 10, 19:56
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
371
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\___ __ ._ __ ._._______.___,____ _.
47(0/PN5/
Sept. 27, 1938.
A. T_ LEVY
2,131,461
BUILDING
Filed July 10, 1936
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
I
|
iI
47- rop/vgy'
Sept. 27,
A’ T_ LEVY
_
2,131,461
BUILDING
Filed July 10, 1936
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
47-70 NEY
2,131,451’
Patented Sept. 27, 1938
UNITED STATES ‘PATENT OFFICE‘
36 Claims.
This invention relates to buildings of the type
described in my Patent No. 2,104,869, issued Janu
ary 11, 1938.
(Cl. 72-1)
however, appear more clearly hereinafter or be
manifest to those'skilled in the art.
'
In the accompanying drawings:
‘
In the said patent, I have described a prefabri~
5 cated building in which panels of story height
are set in apertures formed by a sill member,
channeled wall studs and an upper plate member,
said panels comprising boards of suitable thermal
and sound insulating material having applied to
10 their faces upright reenforcing rods which serve
also as means for spacing from the board, anchor
ing sheets for coating material. These anchoring
sheets serve as a means for effectively anchoring
an outer coat of stucco or the like, and an inner
@175 coat of plaster, applied after erection of the wall.
Figure v1 is a sideelevation of a portion of a
building constructed in accordance with my in- , 5
'vention, showing a panel unit comprising a metal
window frame and a metal casement window,
portions of the structure being broken away;
Fig.2 is a vertical sectional view of the struc
ture shown in Fig. 1;
.10
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary. elevation on an enlarged
scale of the window carrying panel shown in Fig.
1, with the coating anchoring sheet and the coat
ing partly omitted; .
’
Another object is to provide improved door and
Figs. 4, 5, 6 and 7 are respectively sections on ‘15
lines 4-4, 5-5, 6-6, and 1-1 of Fig. 3;
I
Fig. 8 is a detail vertical section showing the
means for positioning the lower edge portion of
the panel;
Fig. 9 is a detail perspective view partly in sec- 20
tion, showing portions of the completed wall and
the metal window frame and window;
Fig. 10 is a broken view, partly in elevation and
window frame mounting means applicable to a
25 construction system such as disclosed in‘my pat
partly‘in section, showing a modi?ed form of my
invention in which a wooden Window frame and ‘25
The reenforcing rods also serve as means for posi
tioning the panels with respect to the sill member
and the plate member.
One of the objects of my present invention is
20 to furnish provisions in a building of this general
type for mounting the frames for closures such
as windows and doors.
_ ent and by means of which window and door
30
window of the sliding sash type are employed;
'
frames can be mounted in a panel type wall of the
character above indicated in a convenient and
Figs. 11, 12, 13'and 14 are respectively sections
on lines Il—l l, |2--|2, l3-l3 and -l4_—l4 of
rapid manner and at small expense.
Fig.»10;
-
The invention also purposes the provision of a
panel-like unit of simple form in which a closure
frame is incorporated and which can be readily
shipped to the building site and readily handled
and quickly assembled with the other parts of the
35 building. This unit, although of story height as
preferably made, is of relatively light weight and
comprises in addition to the frame for the window
or other closure, a panel element comprising an
insulating board having applied thereto satisfac
40 tory means for anchoring coating material to be
»
,
Fig. 15 is a view showing the upper portion of a _30
further modi?ed type of wall unit which in this
case has provisions for mounting a door such as a
front door;
Fig. 15A shows the lower portion of the unit;
Fig‘. 16 is a vertical sectional view of the unit; 35
Fig. 17 is a section on line I'|—|'| of Fig. 15A,
and
Y
r
>
'
Fig. 18 is a section on line l8--l8 of Fig. 15A.
In Figs. 1‘ and 2, ‘I have shown a portion of a
.
building having a concrete foundation A support- .40
applied after erection, and also means for reen
ing an outer wall B comprising panels of story
forcing the board element and positioning itwith ‘ height positioned at their lower ends by a sill or
respect to the structural elements such as the sill lower plate C and at their upper ends by an upper
member and plate member.
plate member D, above which are located sloping
45
A further object which I have in view is to pro
roof raftersE. The Wall B comprises panels B’ ‘45
vide a portable closure frame carrying unit. or which areionly fragmentarily shown and which
element, which involves in addition to the closure are preferably of the kind disclosed in my patent
frame and an associated coating anchoring struc
above mentioned. Between these panels is inter
ture, one or more Wall studs having provisions
posed a window carrying panel element or unit 132
50 for positioning one or more adjacent panels form
constructedvin accordance with my present inven- 50
ing a part or parts of a wall structure. The wall
referred ‘to may be an outer wall or, in the case
where the frame is a door frame, it may be an
inner wall or partition.
55
)
These and other objects of my invention will,
tion.
,
.
-
In the form shown in Figures 1 to 9 inclusive,
the window carrying panel unit is provided with
- a metal windowlof the easement type, generally
indicated at F, and it comprises panel board por- L55
2
2,131,461
tions surrounding the window frame, and further
comprises channeled stud members G at the sides
of the unit which are attached to the window
frame.
Each of the stud members G is composed of
channel members 20, 2| arranged back to back
and suitably interconnected as by welding. The
outer channel member 2| of the unit receives the
edge of the adjacent panel B’. To the inner
10 channel members 20 of the unit the frame of
window F is connected by means hereinafter
described. The panel board portion of the unit
above the window is indicated at 22, the panelboard portion below the window at 23, and the
portions at the sides of the window at 24. The
studs G are adapted to be fastened toqthe sill:
member C by suitable means such as angle clips 7
25 and 26.v In the structurev'shown‘inFigs. 1 to v'
9, the sill member is of angular cross section,
20 having a horizontal plate portion 21 resting on
the'upper surface of the foundatiomand an up
standing ?ange' portion'28‘." Theangle clips 25
are connected to the studs and to the portion 21,
and theangle clips 26 are ‘connected to the studs
and to theflange oryupstanding portion 28. At
their upper ends the ‘studs G. are provided with
plates or pads 29 which may-be connected there
to as by welding. Extending across the stud
members and resting on the plates or pads 29 is
an upper plate member 30 which may, as herein
shown, be a thin ribbon-like member. Other
forms of sill members and plate members may be
used if desired.
<
‘
by the outer rods is directed horizontally into
adjacency to portion 36 of the angular window
frame supporting member.
>
Between the sides of the window frame and the
stud members of the unit are interposed panel
boards 43. The upper edges of these boards are
adjacent the bottom of channel member 3|. The 10
outer side edges of these boards are received
within the channel members 20 of the studs. At
their inner edges, these boards 43 are connected
to the window frame by means of metal members
441 of angular cross section, projecting laterally 15
from the. window frame, as shown in Figs. 6 and
"7‘. Each of these members 44 has intermediate
its edges a V-shaped portion 45 connected to the
edge of the corresponding board 43 by means
‘such as nails 46. At the inner side of the wall, 20
the portion 45 isintegrally united to a portion 41
connected as by bolts 48 to the side portion 49 of
the window frame. Member 44, throughout its
length, ?lls the space between the side of the
window frame and the inner edge of panel board
portion~43. The portion 41 is continued to form
a flange 50 occupying alaterally projecting posi
tion with respect to the side portion of the win
dow frame and underlying the portion of the
inner coating anchoring sheet 42 which is adja
cent the side of the window frame. It will be
understood that the coating anchoring sheets 42,
if made of su?‘icient length to extend throughout
supported from the stud members G by trans
the height of the‘ panel unit, are cut away to pro
vide openings in which the window frame is re
verse supports, there being one such support-ad
jacent the head of the window and another adja
ceived, or that, if desired, each sheet covering the
board portions respectively above, below and at
cent the sill thereof. The upper or head support,
as illustrated, comprises a channel member 3|
and a member 32. The channel member 3| is
the sides of the window frame, may be made of
sections appropriately joined together in a man
ner understood by those skilled in the art.
Figs. 6 and 7 show the relation of the coating
In the form illustrated, the‘window frame is
535
past the rods into adjacency to the head portion
of the window frame, while at the outer side of
the wall the coating anchoring sheet supported
received at its respective ends within the opposing
channels of the marginal stud members and is
suitably attached to the channel members 20 as
by spot welding, as indicated at 33; At its inter
mediate portion, wherethe samev lies alongside
the head portion 34' of the window frame, the
member 32 'is of angular cross section, having a
portion 35 attached to the channel member 3|, a
depending portion 36, and a ?ange portion 31
connected to the head portion of the, window
frame as by bolts 3'Ia.._ The end portions of
member 32 are suitably attached to the channel
members 20 as by spot welding, as indicated at 38.
A board 40 of compressed wood ?ber or other
insulating material is received at its side edges in
channels 20 and at its lower edge portion in the
channel of channel member 3|. Against the
outer surfaces of the board 40 are placed upright
reenforcing rods 4|, the upper. extremities of
which are adapted to project through perfora
tions in the plate member‘ 30 for locating the unit
relatively to said plate‘ member. The rods 4|
serve to space from the board, coating anchoring
sheets 42 at the inner and-outer faces of the
65 panel. These coating anchoring sheets are ap
plied to the rods and connected to theboard by
means such as wire fastener loops 42a’ passing
through perforations in the board and'so ar
ranged as to hold opposite rods in place relatively
to the board and’ to hold the anchoring sheets to
the rods. The lower extremities of the rods pass
through perforations in-lugs- 39- bent down from
the side walls of channel member 3|.v ,
>
At the inner side of the building wall the coat
ing anchoring sheet 42 is continued downwardly
140
anchoring sheet portions 421), 420 at the side of
the window frame to the window frame, and to
the board portion 43 and the stud member G.
From these views, it will be noted that the an
choring sheet portion 42b, which overlies the
flange portion 50, previously described, is in
spaced relation to the board 43 and extends lat
erally in spaced relation to the inner stud face
beyond the center line of the stud to a line ad- '- -
jacent the outer margin of the stud so as to
1 5,0
overlap a portion of the anchoring sheet 42d of
an adjacent panel B’. Also, it will be noted that
at the outer side of the wall the sheet portion
420 extends over a ?ange portion 5| integral with
member 44 and is continued in spaced relation to
board portion 43 past the center line of the stud
to overlap a coating anchoring sheet 4-2e form
ing a part of the adjacent panel B’.
For securing the lower or sill portion of the
window frame to the stud members G of the
window carrying unit, a cross member 54 is em
ployed. This member may be a metal member
of angular cross section having a web 55, an
upwardly directed ?ange Y56 and a downwardly
directed ?ange '51. The ?ange 51 may be located
within the channel member 20 of the stud and
suitably attached to said channel member as by
spot welding, as indicated at 58. The end por
tion of the ?ange portion 56 may also be received 70
within the channelv member 20 and attached
thereto as by spot welding, as indicated at 59.
In this particular case, the sill member of the
window frame is of hollow sectional metal con- _
struction and the member 54 is suitably attached
115
3
2,131,461
to the sill member as by welding it thereto. . The
locations where the coatings overlie the panel
hollow sill portion at the inner-face of the wall
is indicated at 60 and the hollow sill :portion at
boards and the studs.
the outer face of the wall at 6|.
' '
. -
‘I
Between the cross member 54 and the ’ sill
member C is a panel board portion ‘62 having its
side edges received in the stud channels 20 and
having its upper edge in close proximity to the
sill of the window frame and behind ?ange 57 of
10 member 54. Adjacent opposite faces of board 62
are reenforcing rods 63, similar to the rods 4!
previously described.‘ The upper extremities'of
the rods 63 at the outer face of the wall are re
ceived and held within sockets 54 in sill section
15 6 I. The upper extremities of the rods at the'in
ner face of the wall extend through perforations
in a plate 64' welded to' the web 55 of the cross
member 54. The upper extremities of these rods
also extend upwardly through perforations in the
'20 sill section 60 and are housed in said section.
Coating anchoring sheet portions 42]‘ are dis
posed over the rods 63, as in the structure at the
upper part of the unit. These sheet portions 42]‘
and their associated rods and panel board portion
25 are interconnected by suitable fasteners 42a such
as previously described.- The rods 63 at their
lower end portions‘ extend downwardlyl‘through
perforations 65 in the sill member so that the
lower edge of the panel is ?rmly positioned rela
30 tively to the sill member. If desired,>the lower
extremities of the rods 63 may enter sockets 53a
formed in the foundation below the sill _mem
ber.
For the purpose of preventing dislocation of
panel board portion 62 relatively to the unit be~
fore the unit is assembled, the portion 62 may be
attached to member 54 by means such as pins
66 or the like, and if desired, the uppermost
board portion 40 may be fastened to member 3|
by means such as pins 61.
_ -
1
-
.As shipped, the unit usually does not contain
a window sash, the latter being placed in its
frame at a later stage.-
'
‘In the form of my invention shown in Figures
10 to 14, inclusive, a wooden window frame and a '
wooden'window of the sliding sash type are em
ployed. In this form the transverse members
supporting the window frame from the studs are £10
omitted and the studs do not form parts of the
unit, but, on the other hand, are independent
units positioned individually with respect to the
sill memberand the upper .plate. In panels of
this type, the board portions directly support the
. 15
frame in an opening provided therefor. The Win
dow frame can be built into a full length panel
board out out to provide an opening to receive
the parts of the window frame or, if desired, the
board can be made in sections which are placed 1' 20
.around the frame and interconnected. In the
form shown herein, it may be assumed that a full
length insulating board 68 is provided with a rec
tangular opening and that window frame 59 is
built into the board so that it will be ?rmly posi I25
tioned with respect to the margins of the opening.
The frame 59 comprises the usual head 78, the
jambs ‘H and the window sill member ‘l2, all made
of wood and having the usual trim, and the frame
is equipped with the usual sliding sash T3.
The head 75 is provided at its upper part With
a longitudinal groove in which is received a metal
channel '74 receiving the lower edge of the board
portion above the opening. This channel member
74 has associated therewith bent down lugs 15, 335
having perforations receiving the lower ends of
upright reenforcing rods 76 positioned against the
opposite faces of the board and carrying the coat
ing anchoring sheets 1'! which are fastened to the
rods and to the board by the fastener loops ‘E3.
The channel member 14 is attached to member ‘It!
It will be understood that the anchoring sheet
by means such as screws 19. The fastener loops 18
portions associated with the'uppermost and low
hold the rods and anchoring sheets in ?xed rela
ermost panel board portions extend laterally be
yond the edges of the board portions'to overlap tion to the board and unit. Attached to the win
sheets of adjacent panels in the same manner dow sill member 72 is a channel member 80 simi
as described in connection with the anchoring > lar to member 74 but in inverted position, and this
sheet portions of the side board portions 43 and channel member is set over the lower edge of the
window frame opening. Associated with the lower
substantially as shown in Figs. 6 and 7. p
The structure above described and ‘comprising portion of the board beneath the window frame
the two studs, the window frame, and the panel are reenforcing rods 8! having the same rela “.150
board structure surrounding the window frame, tion to the coating anchoring sheets T! as the
is made in unitary form before shipment to the rods 18 previously described and similarly held in
building site, and it will be apparent that by the ‘place relatively to the panel unit. The side walls
provisions described the ‘unit may be readily of the channel member-85 are bent downat inter
placed in assembled relation to the sill member vals to provide perforated lugs 85a similar to lugs
of the building. The adjacent panels‘ B’ may be 15 receiving the upper ends of the rods 8| .
In this form of my invention, as shown herein,
readily assembled, the boards of said panelsbe
ing received at their side edges in the outer the sill member of the wall is constituted by a
channels of studs G. The studs G may then be channel member 82 resting on and suitably se
fastened in their final position, and at the ap cured to the upper face of the foundation wall; 60
propriate time the upper plate will be placed in The rods 8i have their lower ends flush with the
lower edge of the board, and the channel member
position and interlocked with the upper reen
forcing rods and connected as by welding to the 82 is ofsuch width as to receive the lower edge
pads of the stud members. After erection, an of the board with its associated rods within the
outer coating of cementitious material 52 such groove of the channel, the outer portions of the 65
as stucco is applied to the outer anchoring sheet ' rods being in substantial contact with the channel
so as to cover the panel board and the studs and
sidewalls. Thus, the panel is properly positioned
the exposed portion of the sill member. At the
inner face of the wall, a coating 53 of plaster is
with respect to the sill. The studs 83 extend into
the channel of the sill and are fastened to the sill
70 applied.
These coatings are very ?rmly an
chored by the coating anchoring sheets located
in any suitable manner.
In this form of my invention, as herein shown,
the portions Tia of the coating anchoring sheets
readily applied in those locations which are im
11 which are disposed at the sides of the window
mediately adjacent the window frame and will frame have their inner edges disposed in close
be strongly held in those places as well as in the proximity to the jamb members ll, as shown in’
as above described.
The coatings may be very
'
4
aisilgaei
Figure 12. The outer edge portions of 'sai'd'an
choring sheet portions extend laterally beyond the
outer edges of panel board portions 84 at the sides
of the window frame opening. These panel: board
portions 84 are positioned relatively to the window
frame by having their inner edges 85, which
de?ne parts of the window frame opening, extend
into grooves 86 in the outer faces of the jamb
members ‘H. The trim and the sash are applied
10 to the window frame in the usual manner and
they need not be described in detail. After the
panel has been placed in assembled relation to
studs 83 and adjacent ordinary panels B’, the
outer and inner plastic coats 81 and 88 are applied
15 to the panel faces as in the structure previously
described.
'
'
In Figures I5, 155, 16, I7 and '18, I have shown
a panel carrying a wooden frame for a door/such
as an outside door. In this form, the structure is
20 similar to that described in connection with Fig
ures 1 to 9, inclusive, in that studs which form
parts of the unit are interconnected by a trans
verse upper member. The method of mounting
the reenforcing rods at their ends which are adja
25 ject the frame is, however, similar to that de
scribed in connection with Figs. 10 to 14, inclusive.
In this last modi?cation, the studs G are inter
connected by an upper transverse member or
head 89 in the form of a channel, above which is
-30 positioned a panel board section 90 having asso
ciated therewith reenforcing rods 9| and coating
anchoring sheets 92. Connected to the header 89
and extending downwardly therefrom are chan
neled bucks 93 connected near their lower ends
extended over the channel member into adjacency
to the frame to assist in anchoring the coating.
The studs G extend down into the channeled
sill member 82 and‘: are fastened therein by means
such as bolts I05;v The bucks 93 also extend
down into thechannel'of-the‘sill member and each
is fastened to said member by means such as a
bolt I06. At the joint, spacers lll‘l‘are interposed
between the side walls of the sill member and the
outer faces of the buck, as shown in Figure 18.
Similar spacers are interposed between the side
walls of the sill and the outer faces of the stud
i)
and are associated with the connection comprising
the bolts I05.
It will be noted that in all forms of my invention 15
herein. described, the panel'compri'ses a closure
frame surrounded by panel board portions, all of
said portions having coatingv anchoring sheet ma
terial associated therewith, and the portions of
the board above and below the frame having
associated therewith, in addition to the anchoring
material, rods which space said material from the
board and also serve in positioning the panel or
unit relatively to its supporting structure. The
lower ends of the lower rods assist in positioning \
the panel relatively to the sill, and the upper ends
of the upper rods assist in positioning the panel
relatively to the plate member. The rods so
space the anchoring sheets from the board (in
cluding those portions of the sheets at the sides
of the- closure frame) that the coatingsrca'n be
very- effectively anchored. In all forms herein
shown, the wall panel is formed as a unit com
prising a board portion having an opening there
to and supporting a transverse member 94 having - in, a closure frame 'mounted'in said opening, re- '
' its ends connected to the bucks. The ends of the enforcing rods applied to the board portion, and
channel member 89 are connected to channels 20 a coating anchoring sheet spaced from the board
of studs G in a suitable manner as by being spot portion by the rods and extending around the
welded therein. The end of the channel 89 is of closure frame.
My invention provides a prefabricated panel 40
40 such width as to ?t into the channel as. The ends
of the transverse member 94 are fastened as by uni-t of light weight having desirable insulating
welding to the ‘backs of the channeled bucks.
The wooden door frame has av head-95 located
immediately below member 89 and provided with
sockets 96 receiving the lower extremities of the
rods 9l.- The jamb members 91 of the door frame
are disposed inside of and immediately adjacent
the bucks 93, lying against the back portions
thereof. A sill member 98‘ of the door frame rests
properties and which can be manufactured inex
pensively and readily handled, and which includes
in its structure a closure frame strongly supported
and around which the coating material can be
readily applied and strongly anchored. The im
T50 at its lower edge on the member 94 and its lower
surface is provided with sockets 99 receiving the
upper ends of the rods I00, which pass through
perforations in bent down lugs HH associated with
the side walls of channel member 94‘. The rods
high resistance to buckling. By my invention,
55 E68 are associated with a lower board section ('02
whose-upper edge is received in channel member
94 and whose side edges are adjacent the bucks.
Board sections I03 at the sides of the panel are
received in the opposing channels provided by the
60 bucks 93 and the adjacent stud members. As in
the form shown in Figs. 1 to 9, suitable means
such as pins may be employed for preventing dis
location of the panel board portions from the
unit. As before, coating anchoring sheets are ap
plied to opposite faces of the panels, and these
cover the board portions and extend over the
studs in the manner previously described. These
sheets also extend over the sides of the bucks 9'3
and over one or more sides of channels 89' and‘ 94.
In this form of my invention, as? in the other
forms shown herein, a channel member placed
adjacent a member of the closure frame receives
the edge of a panel board portion and also posi
tions the rod members, and the anchoring mate
75 rial spaced from the board by the rod‘ members is
70
proved panels are also provided with means for
strongly reenforcing the panel board associated
with the closureiframe so that the panel offers
a panel is provided by means of which a window or
door frame can be included in a prefabricated
structure which is conveniently and rapidly as
sembled. These and other advantages of my
improved structure will be apparent to those .
skilled in the art.
While I have in this application described sev
eral embodiments of my improved panel, it will
be understood that these are illustrative only,
and that numerous other modi?cations may be 60
made and various structural details changed with
out. departing from the principles of my invention
as appearing herein, or from the scope of the
claims. For example, it is not necessary in all’
aspects of the invention that the space below the
closure frame be?lled by a panel member or board
portion, nor is it necessary in all aspects of the
invention that panel members or board portions
be provided between the sides of the‘ closure frame
and the sideedges of the wall unit or panel.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by
' Letters Patent is:
1. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com
prising spaced studs, a panel having an aperture
therein and also opposite edges positioned by said .
243L461:
.
studs, and a closure frame in said aperture and
sheet material covering said superposed panel
carried by said studs and also positioning said
panel.
portions,’ and reenforcing rod» means secured‘to
the face of certainof said panel portions spacing
2. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com
prising spaced. studs, a panel having opposite
edges positioned by said studs and comprising a
plurality of panel boards enclosing an aperture'in
said panel, and a closure frame insaid aperture
carried by said studs and also positioning the
10 edges of the boards which de?ne said aperture.
3. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com
prising a board portion having an aperture there
in, a closure frame mounted in said aperture,
and coating anchoring sheet material spacing
15 means applied to the face of said board portion
above and below said frame.
4. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com
prising panel means having an aperture therein,
studs positioning opposite edges of said panel
20 means, a closure frame mounted in said aperture
and carried by said studs, and anchoring material
spacing means carried by said panel means and
said frame.
5. In a building, the combination of plate and
25 sill members and spaced stud members connecting
the same at spaced points to form a side wall
opening, and prefabricated panel means having
portions located between said studs and having
their lateral edges positioned by said studs, re
30 enforcing means carried by the face of said panel
means, and coating anchoring sheet material ap
plied to the face of said panel means and spaced
therefrom by said reenforcing means.
6. In a building, the combination of plate and
35 sill members and a pair of stud members con
said sheet material therefrom.
, 10.- In a building’, the combination of plate and
sill --members andstuds connecting the same at
spaced points to form a side wall opening, spaced
members connecting said studs intermediate the
endsof the latter, a prefabricated panel compris
ing board portions ‘having their edges positioned
panel and extending from marginal edges thereof
into adjacency to saidv intermediate members.
11. In a building, the combinationof plate and 1.5.
sill members and studs connecting ‘the, same at
spaced points to form a side wall opening, ver
tically spaced transverse members connecting said
studs intermediate the endsof the latter, and
panel means above and below said transverse 20
members having their edges positioned by said
studs and transverse members.
_
12. In a building, a prefabricated wall portion
for supporting a plurality of panels comprising a
framework including marginal channel frame
members and inner channel frame members con
necting opposite marginal frame memb-ers'and,
in conjunction with said marginal frame mem
bers, forming a prefabricated, unitary‘ frame hav
ing a plurality of panel openings, and panel mem 30
bers. forming closures for said, openings and hav
ing their edges received ‘within the channels of
said framework.
'
13. A'prefabricated wall unit for buildings c'oml-i
prising a panel board portion having an aperture
necting the same at spaced points to form a side
therein, a closure frame mounted in said aperture
wall opening, and prefabricated panel boards
located between said studs one above the other
and having their lateral edges positioned by said
40 studs, reenforcing rod means carried by the faces
of said boards which lie adjacent said sill and
plate members, and coating anchoring sheet ma
terial applied to the faces of all said boards and
in spaced relation to a marginal edge ther-eof,‘and
reenforcing means for said marginal edge ad
jacent and extending along said edge.
spaced apart therefrom by said reenforcing rod
45 means on the upper and lower boards.
.
'7. In a building, the combination of plate and
sill members and vertical studs connecting the
same at spaced points to form a side wall panel
opening, a transverse member extending across
50 said opening and sub-dividing the same, and pre
fabricated panel portions positioned by said studs
and transverse member at their vertical and
horizontal edges respectively,'said panel portions
comprising insulating boards having coating an
55 choring sheet material thereon spaced from the
face of said board.
.
8. In a building, the combination of plate and
sill members and vertical studs of channel cross
section connecting the same at spaced points to
60 form a side wall panel opening, transverse mem-'
bers extending across said opening and sub
dividing the same, and prefabricated panel por
tions comp-rising insulating boards having their
vertical edges received within the channels of said
65 studs and their horizontal edges positioned by said
transverse members, and coating anchoring sheet
10
by‘ said studs and intermediate members, and ree
enforcing rod means .carried on the face of said
14. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com
35
40
prising a panel board portion having an aperture
therein, a closure frame mounted in said aperture
in spacedrelation to a marginal edge thereof,
anchoring'material spacing means disposed along
said marginal edge, and coating anchoring mate 45
rial spaced thereby from the opposite faces of said
board portion along said edge.
15. A wall panel for buildings comprising a
board portion of story height having an aperture
therein, aclosure frame mounted in‘ said aperture,
50
rods applied to the face of the board portion
above’andbelow said aperture, and coating an
choring sheet material spaced from the board por
tion by saidrcds and extending'about said frame.
16., In abuilding, a sill-member, an upper plate 55
member, and wall .studl'rnembers, said members
de?ning a panel space,'a panel in said space hav
ing an aperture ‘therein, a'clos'ure frame mounted
in said ' aperture, and reenforcing rods carried
by the ‘panel above and, below the aperture re 60
spectively, .the. rods at thelower portion of the
panel cooperating with said sill member and the
rods at- the upper portion cooperating with said
plate member in positioning the panel in said
material extending over the face of said panel
portions and spaced from the faces of said boards.
9. In a building, the combination of plate and
sill members and vertical studs comprising spaced
confronting channels connecting said plate and
sill members and forming a wall opening of story
height, and a plurality of superposed panel por
65
17. In a building, a sill member, an upper plate
member and wall stud members, said members
de?ning a panel space, a panel in said space hav
ing an aperture therein, a closure frame mounted
in said aperture, and r-eenforcing rods carried 70
by the panel above and below the aperture re
spectively, the rods at the lower portion of the
panel cooperating with said sill member and the
tions having their vertical edges positioned with
in the channels of said studs, coating anchoring
rodsat the upper portion cooperating with said
.plate member in positioning the panel in said 75
space.
Y
.
6
2,131,461»
nels, transverse members ‘between the uprights
space, and coating anchoring sheet material out
side of said rods and having portions extending
over the studs and other portions extending into
close proximity to the closure frame.
18. A prefabricated wall panel for buildings
comprising a closure frame having head, jamb and
sill members, panel board portions disposed above
and below said frame, and substantially vertical
rods for spacing coating anchoring material from
10 the board portions, certain of said rods being dis
posed above the head member of the frame and
others below the sill member thereof.
intermediate of ‘the ends of the latter, a closure
frame between said transverse members, and
panel means between said uprights having lateral
edges engagedin the channels of said uprights.
28.‘Aprefabricated wall unit for buildings com
prising spaced uprights, upper and lower trans
verse members between said uprights, a closure
frame ‘between the transverse members, panel
members between the uprights above and below 10
saidtransverse members, and upright reenforcing
head and sill members respectively, and board
portions engaged in said channel members and
rods applied to faces of said panel members, cer
tain of said rods extending to the upper edge of
the unit and others to the lower edge thereof, said
?rst named rods having their lower ends engag
ing the upper transverse member and said second
named rods having their upper ends engaging the
extending upwardly and downwardly respectively
lower transverse member.
19. A prefabricated wall panel for buildings
comprising a closure frame having head, sill and
15 jamb members, channel members adjacent the
from said vframe, each board portion having coat
20 ing anchoring material spaced from the face
thereof and extending over one of said channel
members.
20. A prefabricated wall unit comprising‘ a
panel and a channel element at one side margin
25 thereof receiving an edge of said panel and adapt
ed to act as a stud member in positioning said
unit in a wall.
21. A prefabricated wall “unit comprising a
panel and elements having channels receiving
therein the respective side margins of said panel,
said elements forming parts of the ‘unit and adapt
.
29. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com
prising spaced uprights, an upper transverse mem 20
ber interconnecting said uprights at points below
their upper ends, bucks extending downwardly
from said transverse member, a lower transverse
member interconnecting said bucks, a closure
frame/between said bucks, and between said trans 25
verse members, a panel member extending be
tween» the uprights'above said frame, and side
panel members between the bucks and the up
rights. <
30. The combination with a wall frame having 30
a ,sill'member and a plate member, of a pre
ed to act as stud members in positioning said unit
fabricated wall panel having spaced uprights ex
in a wall.
tending between and vconnected to said sill mem
ber‘and plate member, a transverse member in
22. A prefabricated wall unit comprising a
panel and elements for positioning said panel at
terconnecting said uprights, bucks extending 35
the respective side margins thereof forming parts
downwardly from said transverse member and
connected at their lower ends to the sill member,
a transverse member interconnecting said bucks,
of the unit and having exterior channels adapted
to receive therein the side marginal portions of
adjacent panels.
23. _A wall unit comprising a panel, marginal
channel elements receiving and positioning the
side margins thereof forming parts of the unit
and adapted to act as stud members, and a closure
frame within said panel connected to and carried
45 by said marginal elements.
24. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com
40
prising spaced double-channel uprights adapted
to act as stud members, a closure frame between
and connected to said uprights, and panel means
50 between said uprights having lateral edges en
gaged in opposing channels of said uprights.
.25. A prefabricated wall unit for ‘buildings com
prising spaced uprights adapted to act as stud
members, a closure frame between and connected
55 to said uprights and of less width than the space
between said uprights, panel means at the sides
of said frame between the same and the uprights
having their remote edges positioned by said up
rights, and panel means extending across the
space between the uprights above said frame also
having their side edges positioned by said uprights.
26. A wall unit for buildings comprising up
rights of story height having inwardly directed
channels, transverse members between the up
65 rights intermediate of the ends of the latter, sup
ported by said uprights, a closure frame between
said transverse members and spaced laterally
from said uprights, panel members above and
below said frame, and panel members between
said uprights and the sides of said frame, said
panel members having their edges contiguous to
said uprights received in the channels of the
latter.
27. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com
75 prising spaced uprights having confronting chan
and a closure frame mounted between said trans
verse members and between said bucks.
40
31. A prefabricated panel unit for building
walls comprising board means having an open
ing therein, a closure frame supported by said
board means in said opening and including head
and sill members, upright ‘rods applied to said 45
board means in groups respectively located above
and below said closure frame, means for connect
ing the upper rods to the head member of said
frame, and means for connecting the lower rods
to the sill member of said frame.
50
> :32. In a prefabricated wall unit for buildings,
a pair of upright channeled studs, transverse
members interconnecting said studs intermediate
of their ends, a closure frame‘ carried by and be
tween said transverse members and‘having its
side edges spaced from said studs, panel members
at .the sides of said frame having their inner
edges spaced from said frame and their outer
edges received in channels of said studs, members
carried by the sides of said closure frame and
projecting laterally therefrom in spaces between
said frame and the inner edges of said panel
members, panel members between said stud mem
bers above and below said transverse members,
and coating anchoring material extending over
said panel members and over said laterally pro
jecting members on the frame.
33. A panel unit for building walls comprising
a closure- frame having head and sill members,
upper and lower channel members applied to said
head member and said sill member respectively,
board portions having inner edges engaged in said
channel members and extending substantially
continuously around the frame, reenforcing rods
connected to a face .of the board portion above
55
60
65
70
75
7
2,131,461
the frame and positioned by the upper channel
member, and reenforcing rods connected to a face
of the board portion below the frame and posi
tioned by the lower channel member.
34. A penal unit for building walls comprising
a closure frame, a channel member adjacent and
in ?xed relation to said frame at one margin
thereof, a panel member engaged in said channel
member, rods applied to a face of said panel mem
10 ber and connected to said channel member, and
coating anchoring material spaced from said
15
panel boards extending from said stud members
toward said aperture, a closure frame in said
aperture spaced from said boards, and coating
anchoring material means bridging the spaces
between said panel boards and said closure
frame.
~
g
36. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com
prising spaced upright stud members, vertically
spaced transverse members connecting said stud
members, panels between said stud members pre 10
panel member by said rods and extending over
said channel member at the side thereof into
senting a closure aperture and including panel
boards extending from said stud members toward
said aperture, a closure frame in said aperture
adjacency to said closure frame.
spaced from said boards,coating anchoring mate
,
35. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings
rial means bridging the spaces between said panel 15
comprising spaced‘upright stud members, verti
boards and said closure frame, and bridging mem
cally spaced transverse members connecting said ' bers between said panel boards and said closure
stud members, panels between said stud members
presenting a closure aperture and including
frame.
AUSTIN T. LEVY.
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