Патент USA US2131461код для вставки
Sept. 27, 1938. I A. T. LEVY BUILDING 2,131,461 ‘ Filed July 10, 1956 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Sept. 27, 1938. A‘ T. LEVY 2,131,461 BUILDING Filed July 10, 1936 2/ >5 Sheets-Sheet 2 Sept. 27, 1938. \ ‘ A_ T, LEVY 1 2,131,461 BUILDING Filed July 10, 19:56 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 371 \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ ‘ \___ __ ._ __ ._._______.___,____ _. 47(0/PN5/ Sept. 27, 1938. A. T_ LEVY 2,131,461 BUILDING Filed July 10, 1936 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 I | iI 47- rop/vgy' Sept. 27, A’ T_ LEVY _ 2,131,461 BUILDING Filed July 10, 1936 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 47-70 NEY 2,131,451’ Patented Sept. 27, 1938 UNITED STATES ‘PATENT OFFICE‘ 36 Claims. This invention relates to buildings of the type described in my Patent No. 2,104,869, issued Janu ary 11, 1938. (Cl. 72-1) however, appear more clearly hereinafter or be manifest to those'skilled in the art. ' In the accompanying drawings: ‘ In the said patent, I have described a prefabri~ 5 cated building in which panels of story height are set in apertures formed by a sill member, channeled wall studs and an upper plate member, said panels comprising boards of suitable thermal and sound insulating material having applied to 10 their faces upright reenforcing rods which serve also as means for spacing from the board, anchor ing sheets for coating material. These anchoring sheets serve as a means for effectively anchoring an outer coat of stucco or the like, and an inner @175 coat of plaster, applied after erection of the wall. Figure v1 is a sideelevation of a portion of a building constructed in accordance with my in- , 5 'vention, showing a panel unit comprising a metal window frame and a metal casement window, portions of the structure being broken away; Fig.2 is a vertical sectional view of the struc ture shown in Fig. 1; .10 Fig. 3 is a fragmentary. elevation on an enlarged scale of the window carrying panel shown in Fig. 1, with the coating anchoring sheet and the coat ing partly omitted; . ’ Another object is to provide improved door and Figs. 4, 5, 6 and 7 are respectively sections on ‘15 lines 4-4, 5-5, 6-6, and 1-1 of Fig. 3; I Fig. 8 is a detail vertical section showing the means for positioning the lower edge portion of the panel; Fig. 9 is a detail perspective view partly in sec- 20 tion, showing portions of the completed wall and the metal window frame and window; Fig. 10 is a broken view, partly in elevation and window frame mounting means applicable to a 25 construction system such as disclosed in‘my pat partly‘in section, showing a modi?ed form of my invention in which a wooden Window frame and ‘25 The reenforcing rods also serve as means for posi tioning the panels with respect to the sill member and the plate member. One of the objects of my present invention is 20 to furnish provisions in a building of this general type for mounting the frames for closures such as windows and doors. _ ent and by means of which window and door 30 window of the sliding sash type are employed; ' frames can be mounted in a panel type wall of the character above indicated in a convenient and Figs. 11, 12, 13'and 14 are respectively sections on lines Il—l l, |2--|2, l3-l3 and -l4_—l4 of rapid manner and at small expense. Fig.»10; - The invention also purposes the provision of a panel-like unit of simple form in which a closure frame is incorporated and which can be readily shipped to the building site and readily handled and quickly assembled with the other parts of the 35 building. This unit, although of story height as preferably made, is of relatively light weight and comprises in addition to the frame for the window or other closure, a panel element comprising an insulating board having applied thereto satisfac 40 tory means for anchoring coating material to be » , Fig. 15 is a view showing the upper portion of a _30 further modi?ed type of wall unit which in this case has provisions for mounting a door such as a front door; Fig. 15A shows the lower portion of the unit; Fig‘. 16 is a vertical sectional view of the unit; 35 Fig. 17 is a section on line I'|—|'| of Fig. 15A, and Y r > ' Fig. 18 is a section on line l8--l8 of Fig. 15A. In Figs. 1‘ and 2, ‘I have shown a portion of a . building having a concrete foundation A support- .40 applied after erection, and also means for reen ing an outer wall B comprising panels of story forcing the board element and positioning itwith ‘ height positioned at their lower ends by a sill or respect to the structural elements such as the sill lower plate C and at their upper ends by an upper member and plate member. plate member D, above which are located sloping 45 A further object which I have in view is to pro roof raftersE. The Wall B comprises panels B’ ‘45 vide a portable closure frame carrying unit. or which areionly fragmentarily shown and which element, which involves in addition to the closure are preferably of the kind disclosed in my patent frame and an associated coating anchoring struc above mentioned. Between these panels is inter ture, one or more Wall studs having provisions posed a window carrying panel element or unit 132 50 for positioning one or more adjacent panels form constructedvin accordance with my present inven- 50 ing a part or parts of a wall structure. The wall referred ‘to may be an outer wall or, in the case where the frame is a door frame, it may be an inner wall or partition. 55 ) These and other objects of my invention will, tion. , . - In the form shown in Figures 1 to 9 inclusive, the window carrying panel unit is provided with - a metal windowlof the easement type, generally indicated at F, and it comprises panel board por- L55 2 2,131,461 tions surrounding the window frame, and further comprises channeled stud members G at the sides of the unit which are attached to the window frame. Each of the stud members G is composed of channel members 20, 2| arranged back to back and suitably interconnected as by welding. The outer channel member 2| of the unit receives the edge of the adjacent panel B’. To the inner 10 channel members 20 of the unit the frame of window F is connected by means hereinafter described. The panel board portion of the unit above the window is indicated at 22, the panelboard portion below the window at 23, and the portions at the sides of the window at 24. The studs G are adapted to be fastened toqthe sill: member C by suitable means such as angle clips 7 25 and 26.v In the structurev'shown‘inFigs. 1 to v' 9, the sill member is of angular cross section, 20 having a horizontal plate portion 21 resting on the'upper surface of the foundatiomand an up standing ?ange' portion'28‘." Theangle clips 25 are connected to the studs and to the portion 21, and theangle clips 26 are ‘connected to the studs and to theflange oryupstanding portion 28. At their upper ends the ‘studs G. are provided with plates or pads 29 which may-be connected there to as by welding. Extending across the stud members and resting on the plates or pads 29 is an upper plate member 30 which may, as herein shown, be a thin ribbon-like member. Other forms of sill members and plate members may be used if desired. < ‘ by the outer rods is directed horizontally into adjacency to portion 36 of the angular window frame supporting member. > Between the sides of the window frame and the stud members of the unit are interposed panel boards 43. The upper edges of these boards are adjacent the bottom of channel member 3|. The 10 outer side edges of these boards are received within the channel members 20 of the studs. At their inner edges, these boards 43 are connected to the window frame by means of metal members 441 of angular cross section, projecting laterally 15 from the. window frame, as shown in Figs. 6 and "7‘. Each of these members 44 has intermediate its edges a V-shaped portion 45 connected to the edge of the corresponding board 43 by means ‘such as nails 46. At the inner side of the wall, 20 the portion 45 isintegrally united to a portion 41 connected as by bolts 48 to the side portion 49 of the window frame. Member 44, throughout its length, ?lls the space between the side of the window frame and the inner edge of panel board portion~43. The portion 41 is continued to form a flange 50 occupying alaterally projecting posi tion with respect to the side portion of the win dow frame and underlying the portion of the inner coating anchoring sheet 42 which is adja cent the side of the window frame. It will be understood that the coating anchoring sheets 42, if made of su?‘icient length to extend throughout supported from the stud members G by trans the height of the‘ panel unit, are cut away to pro vide openings in which the window frame is re verse supports, there being one such support-ad jacent the head of the window and another adja ceived, or that, if desired, each sheet covering the board portions respectively above, below and at cent the sill thereof. The upper or head support, as illustrated, comprises a channel member 3| and a member 32. The channel member 3| is the sides of the window frame, may be made of sections appropriately joined together in a man ner understood by those skilled in the art. Figs. 6 and 7 show the relation of the coating In the form illustrated, the‘window frame is 535 past the rods into adjacency to the head portion of the window frame, while at the outer side of the wall the coating anchoring sheet supported received at its respective ends within the opposing channels of the marginal stud members and is suitably attached to the channel members 20 as by spot welding, as indicated at 33; At its inter mediate portion, wherethe samev lies alongside the head portion 34' of the window frame, the member 32 'is of angular cross section, having a portion 35 attached to the channel member 3|, a depending portion 36, and a ?ange portion 31 connected to the head portion of the, window frame as by bolts 3'Ia.._ The end portions of member 32 are suitably attached to the channel members 20 as by spot welding, as indicated at 38. A board 40 of compressed wood ?ber or other insulating material is received at its side edges in channels 20 and at its lower edge portion in the channel of channel member 3|. Against the outer surfaces of the board 40 are placed upright reenforcing rods 4|, the upper. extremities of which are adapted to project through perfora tions in the plate member‘ 30 for locating the unit relatively to said plate‘ member. The rods 4| serve to space from the board, coating anchoring sheets 42 at the inner and-outer faces of the 65 panel. These coating anchoring sheets are ap plied to the rods and connected to theboard by means such as wire fastener loops 42a’ passing through perforations in the board and'so ar ranged as to hold opposite rods in place relatively to the board and’ to hold the anchoring sheets to the rods. The lower extremities of the rods pass through perforations in-lugs- 39- bent down from the side walls of channel member 3|.v , > At the inner side of the building wall the coat ing anchoring sheet 42 is continued downwardly 140 anchoring sheet portions 421), 420 at the side of the window frame to the window frame, and to the board portion 43 and the stud member G. From these views, it will be noted that the an choring sheet portion 42b, which overlies the flange portion 50, previously described, is in spaced relation to the board 43 and extends lat erally in spaced relation to the inner stud face beyond the center line of the stud to a line ad- '- - jacent the outer margin of the stud so as to 1 5,0 overlap a portion of the anchoring sheet 42d of an adjacent panel B’. Also, it will be noted that at the outer side of the wall the sheet portion 420 extends over a ?ange portion 5| integral with member 44 and is continued in spaced relation to board portion 43 past the center line of the stud to overlap a coating anchoring sheet 4-2e form ing a part of the adjacent panel B’. For securing the lower or sill portion of the window frame to the stud members G of the window carrying unit, a cross member 54 is em ployed. This member may be a metal member of angular cross section having a web 55, an upwardly directed ?ange Y56 and a downwardly directed ?ange '51. The ?ange 51 may be located within the channel member 20 of the stud and suitably attached to said channel member as by spot welding, as indicated at 58. The end por tion of the ?ange portion 56 may also be received 70 within the channelv member 20 and attached thereto as by spot welding, as indicated at 59. In this particular case, the sill member of the window frame is of hollow sectional metal con- _ struction and the member 54 is suitably attached 115 3 2,131,461 to the sill member as by welding it thereto. . The locations where the coatings overlie the panel hollow sill portion at the inner-face of the wall is indicated at 60 and the hollow sill :portion at boards and the studs. the outer face of the wall at 6|. ' ' . - ‘I Between the cross member 54 and the ’ sill member C is a panel board portion ‘62 having its side edges received in the stud channels 20 and having its upper edge in close proximity to the sill of the window frame and behind ?ange 57 of 10 member 54. Adjacent opposite faces of board 62 are reenforcing rods 63, similar to the rods 4! previously described.‘ The upper extremities'of the rods 63 at the outer face of the wall are re ceived and held within sockets 54 in sill section 15 6 I. The upper extremities of the rods at the'in ner face of the wall extend through perforations in a plate 64' welded to' the web 55 of the cross member 54. The upper extremities of these rods also extend upwardly through perforations in the '20 sill section 60 and are housed in said section. Coating anchoring sheet portions 42]‘ are dis posed over the rods 63, as in the structure at the upper part of the unit. These sheet portions 42]‘ and their associated rods and panel board portion 25 are interconnected by suitable fasteners 42a such as previously described.- The rods 63 at their lower end portions‘ extend downwardlyl‘through perforations 65 in the sill member so that the lower edge of the panel is ?rmly positioned rela 30 tively to the sill member. If desired,>the lower extremities of the rods 63 may enter sockets 53a formed in the foundation below the sill _mem ber. For the purpose of preventing dislocation of panel board portion 62 relatively to the unit be~ fore the unit is assembled, the portion 62 may be attached to member 54 by means such as pins 66 or the like, and if desired, the uppermost board portion 40 may be fastened to member 3| by means such as pins 61. _ - 1 - .As shipped, the unit usually does not contain a window sash, the latter being placed in its frame at a later stage.- ' ‘In the form of my invention shown in Figures 10 to 14, inclusive, a wooden window frame and a ' wooden'window of the sliding sash type are em ployed. In this form the transverse members supporting the window frame from the studs are £10 omitted and the studs do not form parts of the unit, but, on the other hand, are independent units positioned individually with respect to the sill memberand the upper .plate. In panels of this type, the board portions directly support the . 15 frame in an opening provided therefor. The Win dow frame can be built into a full length panel board out out to provide an opening to receive the parts of the window frame or, if desired, the board can be made in sections which are placed 1' 20 .around the frame and interconnected. In the form shown herein, it may be assumed that a full length insulating board 68 is provided with a rec tangular opening and that window frame 59 is built into the board so that it will be ?rmly posi I25 tioned with respect to the margins of the opening. The frame 59 comprises the usual head 78, the jambs ‘H and the window sill member ‘l2, all made of wood and having the usual trim, and the frame is equipped with the usual sliding sash T3. The head 75 is provided at its upper part With a longitudinal groove in which is received a metal channel '74 receiving the lower edge of the board portion above the opening. This channel member 74 has associated therewith bent down lugs 15, 335 having perforations receiving the lower ends of upright reenforcing rods 76 positioned against the opposite faces of the board and carrying the coat ing anchoring sheets 1'! which are fastened to the rods and to the board by the fastener loops ‘E3. The channel member 14 is attached to member ‘It! It will be understood that the anchoring sheet by means such as screws 19. The fastener loops 18 portions associated with the'uppermost and low hold the rods and anchoring sheets in ?xed rela ermost panel board portions extend laterally be yond the edges of the board portions'to overlap tion to the board and unit. Attached to the win sheets of adjacent panels in the same manner dow sill member 72 is a channel member 80 simi as described in connection with the anchoring > lar to member 74 but in inverted position, and this sheet portions of the side board portions 43 and channel member is set over the lower edge of the window frame opening. Associated with the lower substantially as shown in Figs. 6 and 7. p The structure above described and ‘comprising portion of the board beneath the window frame the two studs, the window frame, and the panel are reenforcing rods 8! having the same rela “.150 board structure surrounding the window frame, tion to the coating anchoring sheets T! as the is made in unitary form before shipment to the rods 18 previously described and similarly held in building site, and it will be apparent that by the ‘place relatively to the panel unit. The side walls provisions described the ‘unit may be readily of the channel member-85 are bent downat inter placed in assembled relation to the sill member vals to provide perforated lugs 85a similar to lugs of the building. The adjacent panels‘ B’ may be 15 receiving the upper ends of the rods 8| . In this form of my invention, as shown herein, readily assembled, the boards of said panelsbe ing received at their side edges in the outer the sill member of the wall is constituted by a channels of studs G. The studs G may then be channel member 82 resting on and suitably se fastened in their final position, and at the ap cured to the upper face of the foundation wall; 60 propriate time the upper plate will be placed in The rods 8i have their lower ends flush with the lower edge of the board, and the channel member position and interlocked with the upper reen forcing rods and connected as by welding to the 82 is ofsuch width as to receive the lower edge pads of the stud members. After erection, an of the board with its associated rods within the outer coating of cementitious material 52 such groove of the channel, the outer portions of the 65 as stucco is applied to the outer anchoring sheet ' rods being in substantial contact with the channel so as to cover the panel board and the studs and sidewalls. Thus, the panel is properly positioned the exposed portion of the sill member. At the inner face of the wall, a coating 53 of plaster is with respect to the sill. The studs 83 extend into the channel of the sill and are fastened to the sill 70 applied. These coatings are very ?rmly an chored by the coating anchoring sheets located in any suitable manner. In this form of my invention, as herein shown, the portions Tia of the coating anchoring sheets readily applied in those locations which are im 11 which are disposed at the sides of the window mediately adjacent the window frame and will frame have their inner edges disposed in close be strongly held in those places as well as in the proximity to the jamb members ll, as shown in’ as above described. The coatings may be very ' 4 aisilgaei Figure 12. The outer edge portions of 'sai'd'an choring sheet portions extend laterally beyond the outer edges of panel board portions 84 at the sides of the window frame opening. These panel: board portions 84 are positioned relatively to the window frame by having their inner edges 85, which de?ne parts of the window frame opening, extend into grooves 86 in the outer faces of the jamb members ‘H. The trim and the sash are applied 10 to the window frame in the usual manner and they need not be described in detail. After the panel has been placed in assembled relation to studs 83 and adjacent ordinary panels B’, the outer and inner plastic coats 81 and 88 are applied 15 to the panel faces as in the structure previously described. ' ' In Figures I5, 155, 16, I7 and '18, I have shown a panel carrying a wooden frame for a door/such as an outside door. In this form, the structure is 20 similar to that described in connection with Fig ures 1 to 9, inclusive, in that studs which form parts of the unit are interconnected by a trans verse upper member. The method of mounting the reenforcing rods at their ends which are adja 25 ject the frame is, however, similar to that de scribed in connection with Figs. 10 to 14, inclusive. In this last modi?cation, the studs G are inter connected by an upper transverse member or head 89 in the form of a channel, above which is -30 positioned a panel board section 90 having asso ciated therewith reenforcing rods 9| and coating anchoring sheets 92. Connected to the header 89 and extending downwardly therefrom are chan neled bucks 93 connected near their lower ends extended over the channel member into adjacency to the frame to assist in anchoring the coating. The studs G extend down into the channeled sill member 82 and‘: are fastened therein by means such as bolts I05;v The bucks 93 also extend down into thechannel'of-the‘sill member and each is fastened to said member by means such as a bolt I06. At the joint, spacers lll‘l‘are interposed between the side walls of the sill member and the outer faces of the buck, as shown in Figure 18. Similar spacers are interposed between the side walls of the sill and the outer faces of the stud i) and are associated with the connection comprising the bolts I05. It will be noted that in all forms of my invention 15 herein. described, the panel'compri'ses a closure frame surrounded by panel board portions, all of said portions having coatingv anchoring sheet ma terial associated therewith, and the portions of the board above and below the frame having associated therewith, in addition to the anchoring material, rods which space said material from the board and also serve in positioning the panel or unit relatively to its supporting structure. The lower ends of the lower rods assist in positioning \ the panel relatively to the sill, and the upper ends of the upper rods assist in positioning the panel relatively to the plate member. The rods so space the anchoring sheets from the board (in cluding those portions of the sheets at the sides of the- closure frame) that the coatingsrca'n be very- effectively anchored. In all forms herein shown, the wall panel is formed as a unit com prising a board portion having an opening there to and supporting a transverse member 94 having - in, a closure frame 'mounted'in said opening, re- ' ' its ends connected to the bucks. The ends of the enforcing rods applied to the board portion, and channel member 89 are connected to channels 20 a coating anchoring sheet spaced from the board of studs G in a suitable manner as by being spot portion by the rods and extending around the welded therein. The end of the channel 89 is of closure frame. My invention provides a prefabricated panel 40 40 such width as to ?t into the channel as. The ends of the transverse member 94 are fastened as by uni-t of light weight having desirable insulating welding to the ‘backs of the channeled bucks. The wooden door frame has av head-95 located immediately below member 89 and provided with sockets 96 receiving the lower extremities of the rods 9l.- The jamb members 91 of the door frame are disposed inside of and immediately adjacent the bucks 93, lying against the back portions thereof. A sill member 98‘ of the door frame rests properties and which can be manufactured inex pensively and readily handled, and which includes in its structure a closure frame strongly supported and around which the coating material can be readily applied and strongly anchored. The im T50 at its lower edge on the member 94 and its lower surface is provided with sockets 99 receiving the upper ends of the rods I00, which pass through perforations in bent down lugs HH associated with the side walls of channel member 94‘. The rods high resistance to buckling. By my invention, 55 E68 are associated with a lower board section ('02 whose-upper edge is received in channel member 94 and whose side edges are adjacent the bucks. Board sections I03 at the sides of the panel are received in the opposing channels provided by the 60 bucks 93 and the adjacent stud members. As in the form shown in Figs. 1 to 9, suitable means such as pins may be employed for preventing dis location of the panel board portions from the unit. As before, coating anchoring sheets are ap plied to opposite faces of the panels, and these cover the board portions and extend over the studs in the manner previously described. These sheets also extend over the sides of the bucks 9'3 and over one or more sides of channels 89' and‘ 94. In this form of my invention, as? in the other forms shown herein, a channel member placed adjacent a member of the closure frame receives the edge of a panel board portion and also posi tions the rod members, and the anchoring mate 75 rial spaced from the board by the rod‘ members is 70 proved panels are also provided with means for strongly reenforcing the panel board associated with the closureiframe so that the panel offers a panel is provided by means of which a window or door frame can be included in a prefabricated structure which is conveniently and rapidly as sembled. These and other advantages of my improved structure will be apparent to those . skilled in the art. While I have in this application described sev eral embodiments of my improved panel, it will be understood that these are illustrative only, and that numerous other modi?cations may be 60 made and various structural details changed with out. departing from the principles of my invention as appearing herein, or from the scope of the claims. For example, it is not necessary in all’ aspects of the invention that the space below the closure frame be?lled by a panel member or board portion, nor is it necessary in all aspects of the invention that panel members or board portions be provided between the sides of the‘ closure frame and the sideedges of the wall unit or panel. What I claim as new and desire to secure by ' Letters Patent is: 1. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com prising spaced studs, a panel having an aperture therein and also opposite edges positioned by said . 243L461: . studs, and a closure frame in said aperture and sheet material covering said superposed panel carried by said studs and also positioning said panel. portions,’ and reenforcing rod» means secured‘to the face of certainof said panel portions spacing 2. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com prising spaced. studs, a panel having opposite edges positioned by said studs and comprising a plurality of panel boards enclosing an aperture'in said panel, and a closure frame insaid aperture carried by said studs and also positioning the 10 edges of the boards which de?ne said aperture. 3. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com prising a board portion having an aperture there in, a closure frame mounted in said aperture, and coating anchoring sheet material spacing 15 means applied to the face of said board portion above and below said frame. 4. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com prising panel means having an aperture therein, studs positioning opposite edges of said panel 20 means, a closure frame mounted in said aperture and carried by said studs, and anchoring material spacing means carried by said panel means and said frame. 5. In a building, the combination of plate and 25 sill members and spaced stud members connecting the same at spaced points to form a side wall opening, and prefabricated panel means having portions located between said studs and having their lateral edges positioned by said studs, re 30 enforcing means carried by the face of said panel means, and coating anchoring sheet material ap plied to the face of said panel means and spaced therefrom by said reenforcing means. 6. In a building, the combination of plate and 35 sill members and a pair of stud members con said sheet material therefrom. , 10.- In a building’, the combination of plate and sill --members andstuds connecting the same at spaced points to form a side wall opening, spaced members connecting said studs intermediate the endsof the latter, a prefabricated panel compris ing board portions ‘having their edges positioned panel and extending from marginal edges thereof into adjacency to saidv intermediate members. 11. In a building, the combinationof plate and 1.5. sill members and studs connecting ‘the, same at spaced points to form a side wall opening, ver tically spaced transverse members connecting said studs intermediate the endsof the latter, and panel means above and below said transverse 20 members having their edges positioned by said studs and transverse members. _ 12. In a building, a prefabricated wall portion for supporting a plurality of panels comprising a framework including marginal channel frame members and inner channel frame members con necting opposite marginal frame memb-ers'and, in conjunction with said marginal frame mem bers, forming a prefabricated, unitary‘ frame hav ing a plurality of panel openings, and panel mem 30 bers. forming closures for said, openings and hav ing their edges received ‘within the channels of said framework. ' 13. A'prefabricated wall unit for buildings c'oml-i prising a panel board portion having an aperture necting the same at spaced points to form a side therein, a closure frame mounted in said aperture wall opening, and prefabricated panel boards located between said studs one above the other and having their lateral edges positioned by said 40 studs, reenforcing rod means carried by the faces of said boards which lie adjacent said sill and plate members, and coating anchoring sheet ma terial applied to the faces of all said boards and in spaced relation to a marginal edge ther-eof,‘and reenforcing means for said marginal edge ad jacent and extending along said edge. spaced apart therefrom by said reenforcing rod 45 means on the upper and lower boards. . '7. In a building, the combination of plate and sill members and vertical studs connecting the same at spaced points to form a side wall panel opening, a transverse member extending across 50 said opening and sub-dividing the same, and pre fabricated panel portions positioned by said studs and transverse member at their vertical and horizontal edges respectively,'said panel portions comprising insulating boards having coating an 55 choring sheet material thereon spaced from the face of said board. . 8. In a building, the combination of plate and sill members and vertical studs of channel cross section connecting the same at spaced points to 60 form a side wall panel opening, transverse mem-' bers extending across said opening and sub dividing the same, and prefabricated panel por tions comp-rising insulating boards having their vertical edges received within the channels of said 65 studs and their horizontal edges positioned by said transverse members, and coating anchoring sheet 10 by‘ said studs and intermediate members, and ree enforcing rod means .carried on the face of said 14. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com 35 40 prising a panel board portion having an aperture therein, a closure frame mounted in said aperture in spacedrelation to a marginal edge thereof, anchoring'material spacing means disposed along said marginal edge, and coating anchoring mate 45 rial spaced thereby from the opposite faces of said board portion along said edge. 15. A wall panel for buildings comprising a board portion of story height having an aperture therein, aclosure frame mounted in‘ said aperture, 50 rods applied to the face of the board portion above’andbelow said aperture, and coating an choring sheet material spaced from the board por tion by saidrcds and extending'about said frame. 16., In abuilding, a sill-member, an upper plate 55 member, and wall .studl'rnembers, said members de?ning a panel space,'a panel in said space hav ing an aperture ‘therein, a'clos'ure frame mounted in said ' aperture, and reenforcing rods carried by the ‘panel above and, below the aperture re 60 spectively, .the. rods at thelower portion of the panel cooperating with said sill member and the rods at- the upper portion cooperating with said plate member in positioning the panel in said material extending over the face of said panel portions and spaced from the faces of said boards. 9. In a building, the combination of plate and sill members and vertical studs comprising spaced confronting channels connecting said plate and sill members and forming a wall opening of story height, and a plurality of superposed panel por 65 17. In a building, a sill member, an upper plate member and wall stud members, said members de?ning a panel space, a panel in said space hav ing an aperture therein, a closure frame mounted in said aperture, and r-eenforcing rods carried 70 by the panel above and below the aperture re spectively, the rods at the lower portion of the panel cooperating with said sill member and the tions having their vertical edges positioned with in the channels of said studs, coating anchoring rodsat the upper portion cooperating with said .plate member in positioning the panel in said 75 space. Y . 6 2,131,461» nels, transverse members ‘between the uprights space, and coating anchoring sheet material out side of said rods and having portions extending over the studs and other portions extending into close proximity to the closure frame. 18. A prefabricated wall panel for buildings comprising a closure frame having head, jamb and sill members, panel board portions disposed above and below said frame, and substantially vertical rods for spacing coating anchoring material from 10 the board portions, certain of said rods being dis posed above the head member of the frame and others below the sill member thereof. intermediate of ‘the ends of the latter, a closure frame between said transverse members, and panel means between said uprights having lateral edges engagedin the channels of said uprights. 28.‘Aprefabricated wall unit for buildings com prising spaced uprights, upper and lower trans verse members between said uprights, a closure frame ‘between the transverse members, panel members between the uprights above and below 10 saidtransverse members, and upright reenforcing head and sill members respectively, and board portions engaged in said channel members and rods applied to faces of said panel members, cer tain of said rods extending to the upper edge of the unit and others to the lower edge thereof, said ?rst named rods having their lower ends engag ing the upper transverse member and said second named rods having their upper ends engaging the extending upwardly and downwardly respectively lower transverse member. 19. A prefabricated wall panel for buildings comprising a closure frame having head, sill and 15 jamb members, channel members adjacent the from said vframe, each board portion having coat 20 ing anchoring material spaced from the face thereof and extending over one of said channel members. 20. A prefabricated wall unit comprising‘ a panel and a channel element at one side margin 25 thereof receiving an edge of said panel and adapt ed to act as a stud member in positioning said unit in a wall. 21. A prefabricated wall “unit comprising a panel and elements having channels receiving therein the respective side margins of said panel, said elements forming parts of the ‘unit and adapt . 29. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com prising spaced uprights, an upper transverse mem 20 ber interconnecting said uprights at points below their upper ends, bucks extending downwardly from said transverse member, a lower transverse member interconnecting said bucks, a closure frame/between said bucks, and between said trans 25 verse members, a panel member extending be tween» the uprights'above said frame, and side panel members between the bucks and the up rights. < 30. The combination with a wall frame having 30 a ,sill'member and a plate member, of a pre ed to act as stud members in positioning said unit fabricated wall panel having spaced uprights ex in a wall. tending between and vconnected to said sill mem ber‘and plate member, a transverse member in 22. A prefabricated wall unit comprising a panel and elements for positioning said panel at terconnecting said uprights, bucks extending 35 the respective side margins thereof forming parts downwardly from said transverse member and connected at their lower ends to the sill member, a transverse member interconnecting said bucks, of the unit and having exterior channels adapted to receive therein the side marginal portions of adjacent panels. 23. _A wall unit comprising a panel, marginal channel elements receiving and positioning the side margins thereof forming parts of the unit and adapted to act as stud members, and a closure frame within said panel connected to and carried 45 by said marginal elements. 24. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com 40 prising spaced double-channel uprights adapted to act as stud members, a closure frame between and connected to said uprights, and panel means 50 between said uprights having lateral edges en gaged in opposing channels of said uprights. .25. A prefabricated wall unit for ‘buildings com prising spaced uprights adapted to act as stud members, a closure frame between and connected 55 to said uprights and of less width than the space between said uprights, panel means at the sides of said frame between the same and the uprights having their remote edges positioned by said up rights, and panel means extending across the space between the uprights above said frame also having their side edges positioned by said uprights. 26. A wall unit for buildings comprising up rights of story height having inwardly directed channels, transverse members between the up 65 rights intermediate of the ends of the latter, sup ported by said uprights, a closure frame between said transverse members and spaced laterally from said uprights, panel members above and below said frame, and panel members between said uprights and the sides of said frame, said panel members having their edges contiguous to said uprights received in the channels of the latter. 27. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com 75 prising spaced uprights having confronting chan and a closure frame mounted between said trans verse members and between said bucks. 40 31. A prefabricated panel unit for building walls comprising board means having an open ing therein, a closure frame supported by said board means in said opening and including head and sill members, upright ‘rods applied to said 45 board means in groups respectively located above and below said closure frame, means for connect ing the upper rods to the head member of said frame, and means for connecting the lower rods to the sill member of said frame. 50 > :32. In a prefabricated wall unit for buildings, a pair of upright channeled studs, transverse members interconnecting said studs intermediate of their ends, a closure frame‘ carried by and be tween said transverse members and‘having its side edges spaced from said studs, panel members at .the sides of said frame having their inner edges spaced from said frame and their outer edges received in channels of said studs, members carried by the sides of said closure frame and projecting laterally therefrom in spaces between said frame and the inner edges of said panel members, panel members between said stud mem bers above and below said transverse members, and coating anchoring material extending over said panel members and over said laterally pro jecting members on the frame. 33. A panel unit for building walls comprising a closure- frame having head and sill members, upper and lower channel members applied to said head member and said sill member respectively, board portions having inner edges engaged in said channel members and extending substantially continuously around the frame, reenforcing rods connected to a face .of the board portion above 55 60 65 70 75 7 2,131,461 the frame and positioned by the upper channel member, and reenforcing rods connected to a face of the board portion below the frame and posi tioned by the lower channel member. 34. A penal unit for building walls comprising a closure frame, a channel member adjacent and in ?xed relation to said frame at one margin thereof, a panel member engaged in said channel member, rods applied to a face of said panel mem 10 ber and connected to said channel member, and coating anchoring material spaced from said 15 panel boards extending from said stud members toward said aperture, a closure frame in said aperture spaced from said boards, and coating anchoring material means bridging the spaces between said panel boards and said closure frame. ~ g 36. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com prising spaced upright stud members, vertically spaced transverse members connecting said stud members, panels between said stud members pre 10 panel member by said rods and extending over said channel member at the side thereof into senting a closure aperture and including panel boards extending from said stud members toward said aperture, a closure frame in said aperture adjacency to said closure frame. spaced from said boards,coating anchoring mate , 35. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings rial means bridging the spaces between said panel 15 comprising spaced‘upright stud members, verti boards and said closure frame, and bridging mem cally spaced transverse members connecting said ' bers between said panel boards and said closure stud members, panels between said stud members presenting a closure aperture and including frame. AUSTIN T. LEVY.