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Патент USA US2131462

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‘Sept. 27, 1938;
J. c. ESTES
2,131,462
PREFABRI CATED BUILDING
Filed Oct. 29, 1937
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‘ 2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Sept.‘ 27, 1938.
J. c. ESTES
2,131,462
PREFABRICATED BUILDING
Filed Oct. 29, 195'?
4.9
27;
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2 Sheets-Sheet‘Z
Patented Sept. 27, 1938
2,131,462
UNITED STATES
PATENT’ OFFICE
2,131,462
'
PREFABRIC'ATED» ~BUILDING
Joseph G. Estes, Woon‘socket, R. 'I., assignor to‘
Austin '1‘. Levy, Harrisville, R. I.
Application October-29, 1937, Serial No. 171,789- r
24 Claims.
My invention relates to prefabricated ‘build
ings.
'
It has among its objects to provide an improved
prefabricated closure panel of the general type
5 described in an application of Austin T. Levy,
Serial No. 89,959, ?led July 10-, 1936, and having
included therein improved means for mounting
a closure. Another object of my invention is to
provide prefabricated closure panels for build
(01. 72-1)
neled stud members H at the sides of the units
to which the window frame is attached. Furr
ther, each of the stud’ members H comprises a
pair of channel membersv 2, 4' arranged back to
back and suitably» connected, as by welding. The 5,
outer channel members 2 of the window unit re
ceive'the edges of the adjacent panels E, while
the inner channel members 4 receive the'verti'cal
edges of the panel board portions surrounding
to ings of this type having improved means for ‘re
the'window‘frame. "The stud members H are 30
enforcing the panel portions adjacent the closure
held in placerelative to the panel portions by
supporting frame. A still further object of my
invention is to provide an improved construction
permitting more convenient, rapid and inexpen~
15 sive assembly of closure frame mounting means
in such a prefabricated panel. These and other,
transverse channel or header members: 6‘ and ‘l,
disposed above and below the window frame and
having their ends received within the channels
4, and suitably connected‘ thereto by bolts. 8. The 15,1
panel board portion above the window is indi
objects of my invention will, however, hereinafter cated at 9, the panel board portion below the
more clearly appear.
window at l0, vandthe portions at the sides: or.
In the accompanying drawings I have shown, the ‘window at H. The transverse. channel
20 for purposes of illustration, two embodiments , member 6, as indicated in Figure 2», is upwardly 2Q.“
which my invention may assume in practice.
directed and receives therewithin theWbot-tom
In these drawings:-—
edge" of the panel portion 9, the'si'dei edges of
Figure 1 is a front elevation of the gable end which are received within the channels 4' of the
of a building showing a prefabricated window studs, while the lower transverse channel or head
‘3:, panel constructed in accordance with my im
er member 1 is downwardly directed to similarly 2L5}
provement, certain portions of the outside stucco, receive the upper edge of panel til: which. likewise‘
the stucco anchoring material and the window, ~ has'its side edges received in channels 4 of the
being broken away;
,
.
studs;
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view on line 2-2 of
30
Figure
1;
-
>
‘
1
»
Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view on line
3-3 of Figure 1;
\
proved window carrying panel ,' parts of the panel‘
‘
'
ber 12 having‘ oppositely directed inner and outer '_
sash I5 is adapted ‘to abut when‘ closed.
7
‘In accordance with the present invention, this
being broken away to facilitate illustration;
Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional view on line
frame member is supported in an improved man- 35,;
5-15 of Figure 4;
the corresponding inside surface of‘ the trans;
>
Fig. 6 is an enlarged detail view of the con
nections at the top of one of the bucks, and
40
"
marginal 'flanges'lS and It against'which the
~
Fig. 4 is an enlarged side elevation of my im
13 5
‘
The window frame is also of a usual construc
tion and comprises a rectangular marginal mem
Fig. 7 is a vertical section through a modi?ed
sill structure.
'
,
In Figure 1, I have shown a portion of abuild
ing having a concrete foundation A supporting
an outer wall B‘ comprising prefabricated panels
45 positioned at their lower ends by a sill member
C and at their upper ends by plate member D;
the wall B comprising a plurality of standard
prefabricated panels E and one or more inter
posed special window carrying. units F construct
ner in the panel unit with its ?ange I4 flush with
verse channel members 6 and T by means of im
proved vertical angle members lS-andi ll. These
angle members have corresponding legs lit! se- 40
cured by means of bolts l9 (Figure 5) to the
transverse channels 6 and ‘l with the other legs
20 thereof inwardly directed, suitable spacer
means Zlbeing provided. The window frame
is supported between the parallel legs 20 of said 45 ,
angle members l6 and ‘IT by means of bolts 22‘
which: extend through said legs and the frame 7
portions ' l 2.
'
'
The side panel portions II are disposed be
50 ed in- accordance with my present invention.
tween the studs H and the respective angles I'S 5Q
As in the above mentioned application, the and I’! with their outermost edges received in
window carrying panel unit F- is provided with the channels 4 of the studs, and their inner
a metal window of the easement type, generally edges spaced from said angle members, improved
indicated at G, and comprises panel board‘ por-; means‘ being provided for reenforcing and posi
55 tions surrounding the window frame and .chan--' timing" the inner vertical edges of panel por- 55 I.
2..
2,181,462
tions ll. Herein, this means includes vertical
reenforcing rods 23 which extend between the sill
by the reenforcing rods, heretofore described.
More particularly, the outer coating anchoring
member C and plate member D and are secured
material at the edge of the side panel portions l l
is held in spaced relation from both the face and
the inner edge of this panel portion, by the rods UK
23, 25. Preferably, the coating, anchoring ma
terial‘is secured to the panels by additional wire
tying means, similar to the wiring means 24, which
extend through the panels and the anchoring
material. It will be understood that, following 10
the erection of the panels, a suitable coating of
stucco, or other cementitious coating, is applied
over the outer faces of said panels, and is suitably
clinched by the coating anchoring material there
of, while a similar coating of plaster is applied
over the inside faces of the panel to provide the
inside wall ?nish.
In a modi?ed form of window sill, shown in
Figure 7, this wooden sill is carried by the lower
transverse channel member 1 as before, and is
secured to the window frame member by screws
290., as in the previous construction. In this '
modi?ed form, however, the wooden sill member
to the inner edge portions of panels II by suit
able wires 24, or other fastening means, extend
ing'through the panel board and around the rods,
these rods also being likewise secured to the
panel portions 9 and I0 above and below the
window.
A further reenforcing rod 25 is pro
ll) vided at each inner edge of the panel portions l I
which extends vertically along the entire edge
thereof and projects through suitable apertures
in the backs of transverse channel members 6
and 1, the rods 25 being prevented from longi
tudinal displacement by engaging the edges of
the panel portions 9 and I0 disposed in these
channels.
Also, as shown most clearly in Figure 3, a plu
rality of improved vertically spaced straps 26 is
provided between the window frame and the
adjacent innermost vertical rods 23 extending
over panel portions ll. As shown in this ?gure,
these straps are secured at one end by bolts 22
to the window frame, and overlie the adjacent
25 rods 23 at their other ends, to which they may
be welded if desired.
'
The board portions 9 and II] are also provided
with usual intermediate reenforcing rods 21 which
are secured to and extend over the inner and.
30 outer faces of these board portions, suitable tying
means, similar to wires 24, being provided. Also,
it will be noted that these rods which are received
at their remote ends in the channels of the sill
member 0 and plate member D, at their approxi
35 mate ends overlie the outer faces of the channel
members 6 and 1, to which they may be welded
if desired.
‘
‘
Herein it will also be noted that the rods 21,
which overlie panel portion 9, extend slightly
40 beyond the transverse channel 6 for the purpose
of spacing the coating anchoring material, here
inafter described, from the back of the channel.
Here, I employ improved vertically disposed straps
28, similar to straps 26, and carried by the top
45 portion of the window frame, which overlie the
lower ends of rods 21; the straps 28, as well as the
outwardly directed ?ashing member 29, which
extends over the ?anged portion l4 of the frame
at the top thereof, being secured by the bolts 22.
In my improved construction, the window frame
50 has secured to its marginal portion [2 at the
bottom by suitable screws 29a, a wooden sill mem
ber 30 which is secured to the lower transverse
channel member 1, prior to assembly, by nails 3|.
This
sill member extends laterally beyond the
55
window frame, having its ends disposed adjacent
the rods 25 at the inner edges of panel portions
1 l.
The rods 21, carried on the inner and outer
faces of lower panel portion l0, extend upwardly
60 into adjacency to the sill member; the imier rods
21 extending upwardly beyond the transverse
channel member 1 into ‘a cutaway portion of the
sill beneath the window frame. Suitable sealing
means, as mastic, shown at 32 and 32a, is pro
-vided on the outer and inner faces of the up
65
standing sill portion 33 which engages the window
frame, thus sealing the frame against the en
trance of moisture at the bottom. The usual
stool 34 and apron 35 are provided inside the
70 ‘window sill following plastering.
Following the erection of the prefabricated
panels comprising the wall B, suitable coating
anchoring material 35 is applied to the inner and
outer surfaces of the panels, this material being
75 ‘suitably spaced from the board portions thereof
is enclosed in a metal sheathing comprising an ‘
upper sheath member 40 which extends over the
top of the sill member, throughout its length, and
has a downwardly projecting portion 4| which
extends well below the bottom of the sill member,
and a cooperating bottom sheath member 42
which is secured to the bottom of the sill member
by nails 43, just above rods 21. This bottom
sheath portion 42 has its free end spaced below
the sill member and is provided with a downward
ly projecting portion 44 which is welded to the
portion 4| of the upper sheathgmember, a suit 35
able outlet aperture 45 being provided in the bot-v
tom member 42 inside the portion 44. '
It will be evident that, as a result of my im
provements, I have provided an improved closure
carrying panel which is simple in construction 40
and easy to assemble.
Attention is further di
rected to the improved means for spacing the
coating anchoring material from the faces of the
panel at the sides of the closure frame and also
for reenforcing the panel along the sides of the 45
closure aperture, all whereby the building of the
panel is facilitated while producing an improved
and stronger structure due to the improved ar
rangement of the anchoring material and im
proved means around the closure frame.‘
50
While I have in this speci?cation speci?cally
described two embodiments which my invention
may assume in practice, it will be understood that
these forms of the same are chosen for purposes '
of illustration, and that my invention may be
modi?ed and embodied in various other forms
without departing from its spirit or the scope of
the appended claims.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by
Letters Patent is:—
60
1. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com?
prising a panel board portion having an aperture
therein, a closure frame mounted in said aperture
in spaced relation to a marginal edge thereof,
and reenforcing means for said marginal edge of
said board portion having anchoring material
spacing rod means adjacent and extending along
said marginal edge.
,
2. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings com
prising a panel board portion having apertures
therein, a closure frame mounted in said aper
tures in spaced relation to a marginal edge there
of, and reenforcing means for said marginal edge
including coating anchoring sheet material spac- '
ing rods applied to the opposite faces of said
2,181,462."
board portion adjacent said. edge and a rod ex
tending along said marginal edge.
3. A building including a panel board portion
having an aperture therein, a closure frame
‘ mounted in said aperture in spaced relation to. a
marginal edge thereof, and coating anchoring
means applied to the board portion’ adjacent: said
marginal edge including sheet material extending
transversely of said marginal edge and spaced
10' therefrom between the latter and said frame.
sure‘ frame mounted in said» aperture; rods ap
plied to the face of the board portion above and‘
below said aperture and at the sides'thereof, and;
coating anchoring sheet material spac.ed-s.from*
the face of ‘the board portion by said rods and .
extending
a 11. A wall
about
panel
said for
frame.
buildings.
I . comprising.
.
,
a;
board portion having an aperture therein, a-clo
sure frame mounted in spaced relation _ to i a
marginal edge thereof, a rod applied to theface
4. A building including a panel boardportion
of the board portion adjacent said marginal edge,
having an aperture therein, a closure frame
mounted in said aperture in spaced relation to a
frame and said marginal edge, and coating; an-v
marginal edge thereof, coating anchoring means
15 applied to the board portion adjacent said mar
ginal edge including sheet material extending
transversely of said marginal 'edge and spaced
therefrom between the latter and said frame,
and rods carried by said panel board portion and
spacing said sheet material from said edge.
5. A building including a panel board portion
a second rod located in the space between .said
choring sheet material extending over the face
of said board portion and around said marginalv 15v
edge to said frame and spaced from the edge of
said board portion and from the edge. of’ said
aperture by said rods.
7
‘
12. In a building, a frame including a lower‘
marginal edge thereof, coating anchoring means
applied to the board portion adjacent said mar
ginal edge including sheet material extending
transversely of said marginal edge and spaced
sill member, an upper plate member, wall stud: 20v I
members- extended therebetween defining. a.‘
panel space, a panel in said space having‘ an
aperture therein, a closure frame mounted in said.
aperture, and reenforcin‘g rods carried by the
panel above and below and at the sides of said
aperture, the side rods at their remote ends 00
operating With said sill and plate .members. in.
therefrom between. the latter and said frame, and
positioning the. panel in said space.
having an aperture therein, av closure frame
mounted in said aperture in. spaced relation to a
rods carried by said panel board portion and
30 spacing said sheet material from said edge, said
rods being parallel to said edge.
6. A building including a panel board portion
. >
>
-13. A prefabricated Wall unit for buildings,
comprising spaced upright stud members, a clo 30 '
having an aperture therein, a closure frame
mounted in said aperture in spaced relation to a
sure frame between said members and connected
thereto and of less width than the space. between
said members, panel means at the sides of said
frame between the same and said membershav.—~
35 marginal edge thereof, coating anchoring means
ing their-{remote edges positioned by said mem-'
applied to- the board portion adjacent said mar
ginal edge including sheet material extending
transversely of said marginal edge and spaced‘
therefrom between the latter and said frame, and
rods carried by said panel board portion and
spacing said sheet material from said edge, said
rods being perpendicular to said edge.
7. A building including a panel board portion
having an aperture therein, a closure frame
mounted in said aperture in-spaced relation to a
bers‘, panel means; extending across the space be
tween said members above and below said frame.
and also-having their side edges‘ positioned'by
said members, and reenforcing means extending‘
parallel. with said members and overlying-the
faces of said top, bottom and side panels. ..
. . 4
_ 141 A prefabricated wall unit for buildings.‘
comprising spaced upright stud members, verti
call-y spaced transverse header members con-.
nectingysaidv stud members, horizontally spaced.
marginal edge thereof, coating anchoring. means buck members connecting said headermembers
applied to- the board portion adjacent said mar
and spaced from‘ said stud members and laterginal edge including sheet material extending all-y‘ offset therefrom, and a closure frame care
transversely of said marginal edge and spaced. riedby said buck members and likewise offset rel- I
'
~
therefrom between the latter and said frame, ative to said stud members. '
and vertically spaced sheet material positioning
15.. A prefabricated wall unit for- buildings
means; bridging the space between said edge and
comprising spaced upright stud members, verti‘e
panel.
cally spaced'transverse members connecting said
8. A building including a panel board portion stud members, panels between said stud me'm-‘
55 having an aperture therein, a closure frame
mounted in said aperture in spaced relation to a
marginal edge thereof, coating anchoring sheet
material spacing means including rod means
applied to the face of said board portion adjacent
and extending along said marginal edge and
rod means located between said panel portion and
frame at said marginal edge, and coating an
choring material spaced by said rods and bridg
ing the space between said edge and frame.
9. A prefabricated wall panel for buildings
comprising a closure frame having head, jam and
sill members, panel board portions disposed above,
below and at the sides of said frame, and sub
stantially vertical rods for spacing coating an
70 choring material from the board portions, cer
tain of said rods being disposed above and below
said head and sill members, and others being
located at the sides of said jam members.
10. A wall panel for buildings comprising a
75 board portion having an aperture therein, a clo
bers presenting a closure. aperture and‘ includ--.
ing panel boards extending from said stud mem
bers toward said aperture, a closure frame in said
aperture spaced from said boards, and coating
anchoring material means bridging the spaces
between said panel boards and said closure frame so,
including reenforcing rods extending along the
edges of said boards.
16. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings
comprising spaced upright stud members, verti
cally spaced transverse members connecting said 65
stud members, panels between said stud mem
bers presenting a closure aperture and including
panel boards extending from said stud members
toward said aperture, a closure frame in said
aperture spaced from said boards, buck members 70
connecting said transverse members and located
in the spaces between the closure frame and the
edges of said panel boards, and coating anchor
ing material means bridging the spaces between
said panel boards and said buck members.
75
4
1'7. A prefabricated Wall unit for buildings
comprising upright channeled stud members, an
upper transverse header connecting said stud
members, a lower transverse header connecting
said stud members at a point spaced below said
upper header, panel boards above and below said
headers, and rod means having the opposite ends
thereof extending through the backs of said up
per and lower headers and positioned by said
10 panels.
18. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings
comprising upright channeled stud members, an
upper transverse headercomprising an upwardly
directed channel connecting said stud members,
a lower transverse header comprising a down
wardly directed channel connecting said stud
members at a point spaced below said upper’
header, a panel board disposed above said upper
header having its lower edge received in the
20 channel of said header, a panel board disposed
below said lower header having its upper edge
received in the channel of said lower header,
and rod means having the opposite ends thereof
extending‘through the backs of said upper and
25 lower headers and positioned by said panels.
19. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings
comprising spaced upright channeled stud mem
bers, an upper transverse header connecting said
stud members, a lower transverse header con
necting said stud members at a point below said
upper header, panel boards above and below said
headers, horizontally spaced rod means having
their remote ends extending through the backs
of said headers and positioned by said panel
357 boards, and panel boards located between said
upper and lower headers having their remote
side edges received in the channels of said stud
members and their proximate side edges located
adjacent said rod means.
40-
20‘. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings
comprising spaced upright channeled stud mem
bers, an upper transverse header comprising an
upwardly directed channel connecting said stud
members, a lower transverse header comprising
45 a downwardly directed channel connecting said
stud members at a point below said upper header,
a panel board disposed above said upper header
having its lower edge received in the channel of
said header, a panel board disposed below said
50 -; lower header having its upper edge received in
the channel of said lower header, horizontally
spaced rod means having their remote ends ex
tending through the backs of said headers and
positioned by said panel boards, and panel boards
channels of said stud members and their prox
imate edges located adjacent said rod means.
21. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings
comprising spaced upright channeled stud mem
bers, an upper transverse header connecting said Cl
stud members, a lower transverse header con
necting said stud members at a point below said
upper header, panel boards disposed above and
below said headers, horizontally spaced rod means
having their opposite ends extending through the
backs of said headers and positioned by said
panel boards, panel boards located between said
upper and lower headers having their remote
side edges received in the channels of said stud
members and their proximate side edges located
adjacent said rod means, vertical bucks extend
ing between said transverse headers’ adjacent said
rod means, and a closure frame carried by said
bucks and occupying the space between said
headers.
20
22. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings
comprising spaced upright stud members, upper
and lower headers connecting said stud mem
bers, a closure frame supported on said headers
and having a sill secured to the lower header, 25
panel boards carried above and below said up
per and lower headers respectively, side panel
boards located between said headers having their
remote edges supported .by said studs and hav
ing their proximate edges spaced from said clo 30
sure frame, and reenforcing rods carried by said
side panel boards and between said studs and clo
sure frame.
23. A prefabricated wall unit for buildings
comprising spaced upright stud members, upper 35
and lower headers connecting said stud mem
bers, spaced bucks connecting said headers, a
window frame carried by said bucks having a
sill secured to said lower header, panel boards
carried above and below said upper and lower 40
headers respectively, side panel boards located be
tween said headers having their remote edges
supported by said studs and having their proxi
mate edges spaced from said window frame, and
reenforcing rods extending between said headers
along the free edges of said side panels.
24. A wall unit for buildings comprising a
panel board having an aperture therein, a closure
frame in said aperture having a wooden sill mem
ber connected to the bottom marginal portion 50
of said frame, and metal enclosing means for
said sill secured to a portion of said sill beneath
the latter and extending over said sill and be
tween said sill and said frame portion.
55 located between said upper and lower headers
having their remote side edges received in the
55
JOSEPH C. ESTES.
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