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Патент USA US2131463

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Sept. 27, 1938.
J. c. ESTES
2,131,463
PREFABRICATFD BUILDING
Filed oct. 29, 1937
2 sheets-sheet 1
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Á Tr/ORNEX
Sept. 27, 1938.
2,131,463
J. C. ESTES
PREFABRICATED BUILDING
Filed oct. ésa, 1957
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
/NVENTOR
Jbae/o/z C. f5 fes.
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ATT RNEY
Patented sept. 27, 193s
2,131,463.
UNITED .STATES
I
PATENT OFFICE; *
.2,1."~’.1,463.v
Y
,.
, . ¿ PEEFABRIOATEU BUILDING. .
Joseph- C. Estes, Woonsocket, R. I., assignor to
Y Austin T. Levy, Harri'sville, R. I.
»
Application October 29, .1937, Serial No. 171,790
1ev claims.
(Cl. -'l2-98)
.
»I Myinvention relates to prefabricated buildings, _ that a doorl lis .assembled within a frame 2 to
In such buildingshaving walls` formed of‘U in
enclose an aperture within the door panel unitY
sulating panels carrying reenforcing rodsY and an
structure 3. As shown in Figure 2, the door panel
choring material for outer and inner coatings~ of isy of a usual panelV type and comprises side por
,5f stucco and plaster, diiiiculty has been experienced
in fastening the jambs of the door frames tothe
wall panel members and to the other members
of the frame to form a tight construction which
will suitably receive a swinging door, while satis
1.9. factorily positioning the frame relative to the
panels, rods and anchoring material and suitably
coating the latter around the frame. Í These
difficulties have been especially marked in metal
frame constructions when there also hasbeen
diiiiculty in eliminating `the noise occasioned
Whenever the door strikes the j‘amb. '_Ifhus, a1
_though metal frames havebeen found to be more
desirable than wooden frames under certain con
ditions, it has been found difficult to obtain satis
20 factory results in using such-metal frames.
~
My invention has among its objects to eliminate
the above difficulties and to provide an improved
door frame construction especially adapted to
use in such prefabricated walls. A further ob
jectof my invention is to provide an improved
metal frame whereby it is possible to obtain the
Eb'i'n which the studs 5 are carried in a usual
manner. On the outer surface of the wall board
are> usual sheets 6 of wire mesh for supporting
the plastering and stucco ñnish of the wall, and
the wire mesh is spaced from the wall board by
.1.5.
usualjspaced rods,’attention being directed to the .2.0
factv that one suchrod 1 herein is disposed on
each side of each side panel 4 between the ad
jacent channel _5l and the door frame 2. Short
closing of the door against the „metal'frame ` A
As> a supporting means for this new metal frame
still further object of my invention is to provide
ametalframe which may be assembled ina wall
opening with a minimum of labor and> at a low
means for the panel.- 4b below the door opening, I
close thev opening in the frame and always permit
‘easy'swinging ofthe door. A further'object of
cost. These'and other objectsìand advantages
of my. improved construction will, however, here
inafter more fully appear.
y In the accompanying drawings, I` have shown
,40 for purposes of illustration` one embodiment
which my invention may assume in practice.
In these drawings'-
2 and for the panel' 4a above andpositioning
prefer to employ oppositely disposed channel
members 8 and. 9l having a web slightly smaller "
in width than that of the web of the channel
studs 5, both members 8 and 9 herein being in
serted therein and attached to the flanges of the
channel studs 5 by pins lll or other suitable
means.
.
Figure 1 is an elevational view of a househav
ingl a doorway of my improved construction;
I also place a formed sill member Il, ’
herein of wood, over the lower supporting chan
nel 9" and fasten it thereto by means of nails or
spikes I2> before the channel 9 is placed in posi
Fig. 2>is an enlarged view ofthe doorway and . tion, this sill member thus being supported by
45
the enclosing panel members, the stucco, being
omitted to show the location of reenforcing rods
on the panel’members;
.
.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view
50 on- the line 3--3 of Figure 1, the intermediate
portion being broken to facilitate illustration;
Fig. 4 is a like enlarged sectional view on the
line 4-4 of -Figure 1, showing a section through
one vertical jamb and part of the wall structure;
Fig. 5 is a partial elevational view of the door
frame showing the anchoring means by which
the same is held within the wallv panel,A and
Fig, 6 isa sectional vplan View onthe line 6-6
of Figure 5 showing theupper anchoring means.
‘61)
sitely. disposed channels and the top and bottom
edges" of portions 4a, 4b received` in channels 5a,
my invention is'to provide means for quieting the
above advantages. while also. maintaining the
_ 55
panels 4a, 4b being. received in vertical half
studs inthe form of channels 5 arranged in back
to back relation and having the side- edges of
panels of adjacent units` received in the oppo
rods 1a and 'lbrare employed over. the outer
surface of panely members 4a; 4b, the rods 'la
being at the top andrreceived in the top channel V25
5a _and supportedïat their lower ends on top edges
of channel 8 while the lower rods 1b are similarly
disposed relative to channels 5b' and 9.,’
In my improved construction, a metal frame
work 2` forms a casing and jamb for the door I. 30
shape of the jambs so‘ as to receive a. door to
.45
tions 4.and top and bottom portions 4a,` 4b made
up. of suitable insulating material such as “In
sulite”, or wall board, the outer edges of the side
panels 4 and the ends of the top and bottom
In this illustrative construction, it will benoted
the channel studs 5 through the channel member
9. By cutting out an area I3 from the panel 4
above the channel member 9, as heretofore,- I am
also abl'eto insert the ends of the sill I'I. into
this area, the outer edges of the sill being notched y
away, as. at Il', Iso that the rods pass by the '
same and extend downwardly to the lower chan
nel, being bent outwardly to pass by the side of
the member 8. As shown, the ends of this sill '
member Il also project under and laterally be
yond the side jambs hereinafter described and
the side portions 4 of insulating board terminat
ing above the ends of channel 9, while the bot
tom insulating panel 4b is received within the
channel 9 and extends beyond the sill so that its (if)
2
2,131,463
sheet of wire mesh 6 on the inner surface of the
vertical edges are 'received in the studs 5. lÍ'hus,
in this construction, the sill is very stably sup
ported and the insulating members at the top
panel is turned inwardly at the edge, herein,
and bottom can be made identical, all need for
a special bottom member narrower than the top
mesh 6 on the outer surface may also be turned U!
member being eliminated.
to increase the strength of the plastering where
the jamb and plastering interlock, while the wire
at the edge within the jamb if desired.
Further, in accordance with my invention, the . ' i At the bottom of the door I have shown a bent
frame 2 is comprised of three units, identical metal plate 24, which is made to conform with
side jamb units I4 and an overhead lintel unit I5. the bottom surface of the door when the latter
Each side jamb unit I4 I vprefer to fabricate , is cut away toward the outer side adjacent the
from a channel-like member which has a usual ‘ sill. It is desired to cut away the door in this
jamb section or offset I6 for receiving the edgeof manner so as to place a weather strip fitting
the door, and inwardly turned ends I‘I 'at the within the area cut away from the bottom of the
extremities of the flanges. The member I4 is door and abutting against the plate 24 when the
15 preferably of sufiicient width to extend slightly door is closed. The outer edge of the sill may
beyond the stucco and plaster wall surfaces when . also be further supported by an upright member
they have been >applied to the panels 4, at which
time the inwardly turned edges I'I Will extend
26 shown' in VFigure 3, although this member may
be omitted, as shown in Figure 1, if desired.
under the surface ofthe finished walls and pre
sent an edge of attractive appearance. At suit
able intervals over the length of the casing,
reenforcing straps I8'are also herein employed
to hold the side frame unit III in vertical align
As a result of my improvement, it will be noted
that not only is the cost of the door frame ma 20
ment with respect to the edge of the panels 4, the
25 reenforcement straps being inthe form of chan
nels closely ñtting the end and side surfaces of
the panels 4 and having their flanges bent out
wardly so as to rest within the turned edges I'I
of the jamb unit I4, to which edges the flanges
30 of the straps I8 are welded or otherwise bonded.
Within the extending portion or jamb I6 of the
member I4, I place a strip I9 of “Insulite” or
other material similar to that used for the wall
boards, and the strip I9 is held between the straps
35 I8 and the member I4 so as to provide a filling
means for the jambs and in cooperation with
the panel 4 in the straps I8, to dea'den sound
when the door is closed against the jamb.
In order to support the side` jamb I4 within
40 the aperture of the wall panels, upon the sill II
and under the metal channel 8, I provide brackets
or angle members 20 and 2I. . 'I'he lower bracket
2B is suitably Welded or fixed to the bottom end
of the jamb member I4, and one leg of the
45 bracket 2I is similarly attached to theupper
end of the jamb member. When the jamb'mem
ber I4, together with the straps I8 and brackets
20 and 2 I, is placed in position and firmly driven
against the edge of the wall board panel 4, the
50 lower leg of the bracket 20 extends through the
cut out area I3 and rests against the sill II.
Holes are also provided in the bracket 20 so
that the latter may be ñXed to the sill by nails
22 which may be driven in from outside the panel
55 4. The _upper end of the jamb member I4 is
beveled or mitered in a manner so as to match
with a similar beveled edge of the lintel mem
ber I5.
This member I5 is in the form of a channel
60 of similar cross section to the jamb member I4,
having an abutment portion against which the
door strikes and within this abutment the upper
channel member 8 is enclosed. In assembling
the frame, the lintel member I5 is placed in po
65 sition, and the bracket 2I is then in readiness to
be fastened to the upper channel member 8, the
fastening being accomplished in this instance by
means of a nut and bolt 23 passing through co
operating openings in the channel member and
70 the bracket. After the frame 2 has been as
sembled and placed in position, the inner and
outer wall surfaces may be applied, the plaster
and stucco or other material passing inside the
channel like area of the jamb member I4 and
75 serving further to hold the same in position. The
terially reduced, but also the ease and speed of
assembling the frame are increased. Further,
it will be observed that the parts of the frame
work, when disassembled, may be piled together
and readily handled. Note further that the im 25
proved frame work results in a door frame which
is long-lived and of improved utility both from
ease of construction and from the low expense of
the'same. Attention is also directed to the elim
ination of undesirable noise, usually resulting 30
from the use of metal construction. In this con
nection it will be noted that the metal jamb units
I4 and the lintel I5 are supported along their
entire length by the sound-deadening “Insulite”panels 4 and 4a, and further that the jamb units
I4 are connected by a wooden sill member II
while the flanges of these jamb units and lintel
are ñlled'with plaster or other cementitious coat
ings, and the strip I9 still further deadens the
sound when the door is closed against the jamb. A
These and other advantages of my improved con
struction will be more apparent to those skilled
in the art.
While I 'have in this application speciñcally de
scribed one embodiment which my invention may 45
assume in practice, it will be understood that
this form of the same is shown for purposes of
illustration and that the invention may be modi
ñed and embodied in various other forms with
out departing from its spirit or the scope of the
appended claims.
WhatV I claim> as new and desire to secure by
Letters Patent is:
l. In aprefabricated closure unit, a unit frame
having spaced vertical side channels and top. 55
bottom and side pane-ls spaced to present an
aperture, a closure frame in said aperture sup
ported on said side channels, and spaced panel
locating members on the sides of said closure
frame receiving the adjacent edges of said side 60
panels.
2. In a prefabricated closure unit, a unit frame
having spaced vertical side channels and top,
bottom and side panels spaced to present an ap
erture, a closure frame in said aperture supported
on said side channels, spaced panel locating mem
bers on the sides of said closure frame receiving
the adjacet edges of said side panels, and anchor
ing means on said panels including spacing rods
on said side panels between said channels and 70
saidV spaced members.
3. In a prefabricated closure unit, a unit frame
having spaced vertical side channels and top,
bottom and side panels spaced to present an
aperture, and a sheet metal' closure frame sup
2,131,468
Si
ported on said vertical channel members having
top, bottom and side members and sheet metal
channel forming means therein receiving the ad
jacent edges of said panel members and outer
sheet metal trim forming flanges.
4. In a prefabricated closure unit, a unit frame
having spaced vertical side channels and top,
bottom and side panels spaced to present an ap
erture, and a metal closure frame supported on
li) said vertical channel members having channel
forming top, bottom and side members receiving
the adjacent edges of said panel members, and
outer trim forming liange members having in
turned ends adapted to be embedded in cementi
tious coatings on said panel members.
5. In a prefabricated closure unit, a unit frame
having spaced vertical side channels and top, bot
tom and side panels spaced to present an aper
ture, and a metal closure frame supported on said
20 vertical channel members having spaced channel
forming top, bottom and side members receiving
the adjacent edges of said panel members, and
outer trim forming flange members, the vertical
members of said closure frame having said first
mentioned channel forming members supported
on the extremities of said trim forming flanges.
6. In a prefabricated door panel construction,
the combination of vertical and horizontal pan
els forming an aperture for the frame, upright
channels receiving the outer edges of all of said
panels, horizontal channels receiving the upper
and the lower edges of diiîerent horizontal panels
and fastened to said upright channels, and a door
frame supported in said aperture having a sill
resting on the lower horizontal channel, a lintel
carrying said upper horizontal channel therein,
and jamb members connected between said lintel
and sill and receiving the adjacent edges of said
vertical panels therein.
40
-
,
7. In a closure for prefabricated buildings, a
frame having parallel jamb members having trim
flanges adapted to extend beyond adjacent wall
surfaces and inwardly turned edges on said
flanges, and reenforc-ing members spaced along
the lengths of said jamb» members and shaped to
receive the edge of an adjacent wall surface car
rying member and fastened to said inturned
edges of said flanges.
K
8. In a closure for prefabricated buildings, a
frame having parallel jamb members having trim
ñanges adapted to extend beyond adjacent wall
surfaces 'and inwardly turned edges on said
flanges, reenforcing members spaced along the
lengths of said jamb members and shaped to re
ceive the edge of an adjacent wall surface carry
ing member and fastened to said inturned edges
of said flanges, and a member extending longi
tudinally inside one of said jambs and passing
between said jamb and the reenforcing members
60 thereon to deaden the sound of a closure mem
ber when striking said jamb.
9. In a closure for prefabricated buildings, a
jamb member having trim ñanges adapted to ex
tend beyond the adjacent wall surfaces and in
65 wardly turned edges on said flanges, and reen
forcing means shaped to received the edge of an
adjacent wall member and fastened to the in
turned edges of said flanges.
10. In a closure for prefabricated bulidings, a
70 jamb member having trim flanges adapted to
extend beyond the adjacent wall surfaces and in
wardly turned edges on said flanges, reenforcing
3
means shaped to receive the edge of an adjacent
wall member and fastened to the inturned edges
of said ñanges, and a member extending longi
tudinally inside said jamb and passing between
the latter and said reenforcing means to- deaden El
the sound of a closure member striking said jamb.
1l. In a closure for prefabricated buildings, a
jamb member of channel shape, spaced reenforc
ing members holding said jamb member in spaced
relation` from the edge of the wall, a lower bracket Il)
fastened to said jamb member and having a leg
for securing the same to a sill, and an upper
bracket fastened to the jamb member and having
a leg for securing the same to a lintel member.
12. A prefabricated Wall unit for buildings in
cluding .a panel of sound deadening material hav
ing an aperture therein, a closure frame of metal
in said aperture having jamb units, and sound
deadening supporting means for said metal frame
including portions of said frame engaging the 20
edges of said panel material along the length of
said jamb units.
f
13. A prefabricated unit for buildings including
a panel of sound deadening material having an
aperture therein, a closure frame of -metal in
said aperture having jamb portions, a closure in
said frame adapted to engage said jamb portions,
and means for deadening the engagement of said
closure ~with said metal jamb portions including
exterior channels on said frame receiving the 30
edges of said panel material along the length of
said jamb portions.
14. A prefabricated wallunit for buildings in
cluding a panel of sound deadening material hav
ing an aperture therein, a metal frame for the ¿
margins of said aperture comprising spaced verti
cal members and a transverse lintel member, each
having jamb portions, connecting means for the
lower ends of said vertical members including a
Wooden sill member, a closure in >said frame 40
adapted to engage the jamb portions thereof,
and means for supporting said frame vin l said
aperture and deadening the engagement of said
closure with said jamb portions including means
yalong said frame members for receiving the edges 45
of said panel material therewithin.
15. A prefabricated unit for buildings including
a panel having an aperture therein and carrying
anchoring material for a cementitious coating on
a face thereof, a closure frame ‘in said aperture 60
including spaced vertical members and a trans
verse lintel member, each having a jamb portion
and an outwardly extended flange portion spaced
from the face of said panel, and Aa coating of ce
mentitious material on the face of said panel
filling the space between said panel and the flange
portions of said frame members.
16. A prefabricated unit for buildingsincluding
a panel having an aperture therein and carrying
anchoring material for cementitious coatings on 60
the opposite faces thereof, a closure frame in said
aperture including spaced vertical members and
a transverse lintel member, each having a jamb
portion .and outwardly directed flanges spaced
from and overlying the anchoring material on
said panel forming exterior channels, frame sup
porting means along the length of said frame
members receiving said panel, and coatings of
cementitious material on the faces of said panel
filling said exterior channels and embedding the 70
outwardly directed flanges of said frame members.
JOSEPH C. ESTES.
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