Патент USA US2131463код для вставки
Sept. 27, 1938. J. c. ESTES 2,131,463 PREFABRICATFD BUILDING Filed oct. 29, 1937 2 sheets-sheet 1 _ __ /WV _A.„_ _. _ _ _ _ Á Tr/ORNEX Sept. 27, 1938. 2,131,463 J. C. ESTES PREFABRICATED BUILDING Filed oct. ésa, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 /NVENTOR Jbae/o/z C. f5 fes. Öfy‘( ATT RNEY Patented sept. 27, 193s 2,131,463. UNITED .STATES I PATENT OFFICE; * .2,1."~’.1,463.v Y ,. , . ¿ PEEFABRIOATEU BUILDING. . Joseph- C. Estes, Woonsocket, R. I., assignor to Y Austin T. Levy, Harri'sville, R. I. » Application October 29, .1937, Serial No. 171,790 1ev claims. (Cl. -'l2-98) . »I Myinvention relates to prefabricated buildings, _ that a doorl lis .assembled within a frame 2 to In such buildingshaving walls` formed of‘U in enclose an aperture within the door panel unitY sulating panels carrying reenforcing rodsY and an structure 3. As shown in Figure 2, the door panel choring material for outer and inner coatings~ of isy of a usual panelV type and comprises side por ,5f stucco and plaster, diiiiculty has been experienced in fastening the jambs of the door frames tothe wall panel members and to the other members of the frame to form a tight construction which will suitably receive a swinging door, while satis 1.9. factorily positioning the frame relative to the panels, rods and anchoring material and suitably coating the latter around the frame. Í These difficulties have been especially marked in metal frame constructions when there also hasbeen diiiiculty in eliminating `the noise occasioned Whenever the door strikes the j‘amb. '_Ifhus, a1 _though metal frames havebeen found to be more desirable than wooden frames under certain con ditions, it has been found difficult to obtain satis 20 factory results in using such-metal frames. ~ My invention has among its objects to eliminate the above difficulties and to provide an improved door frame construction especially adapted to use in such prefabricated walls. A further ob jectof my invention is to provide an improved metal frame whereby it is possible to obtain the Eb'i'n which the studs 5 are carried in a usual manner. On the outer surface of the wall board are> usual sheets 6 of wire mesh for supporting the plastering and stucco ñnish of the wall, and the wire mesh is spaced from the wall board by .1.5. usualjspaced rods,’attention being directed to the .2.0 factv that one suchrod 1 herein is disposed on each side of each side panel 4 between the ad jacent channel _5l and the door frame 2. Short closing of the door against the „metal'frame ` A As> a supporting means for this new metal frame still further object of my invention is to provide ametalframe which may be assembled ina wall opening with a minimum of labor and> at a low means for the panel.- 4b below the door opening, I close thev opening in the frame and always permit ‘easy'swinging ofthe door. A further'object of cost. These'and other objectsìand advantages of my. improved construction will, however, here inafter more fully appear. y In the accompanying drawings, I` have shown ,40 for purposes of illustration` one embodiment which my invention may assume in practice. In these drawings'- 2 and for the panel' 4a above andpositioning prefer to employ oppositely disposed channel members 8 and. 9l having a web slightly smaller " in width than that of the web of the channel studs 5, both members 8 and 9 herein being in serted therein and attached to the flanges of the channel studs 5 by pins lll or other suitable means. . Figure 1 is an elevational view of a househav ingl a doorway of my improved construction; I also place a formed sill member Il, ’ herein of wood, over the lower supporting chan nel 9" and fasten it thereto by means of nails or spikes I2> before the channel 9 is placed in posi Fig. 2>is an enlarged view ofthe doorway and . tion, this sill member thus being supported by 45 the enclosing panel members, the stucco, being omitted to show the location of reenforcing rods on the panel’members; . . Fig. 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view 50 on- the line 3--3 of Figure 1, the intermediate portion being broken to facilitate illustration; Fig. 4 is a like enlarged sectional view on the line 4-4 of -Figure 1, showing a section through one vertical jamb and part of the wall structure; Fig. 5 is a partial elevational view of the door frame showing the anchoring means by which the same is held within the wallv panel,A and Fig, 6 isa sectional vplan View onthe line 6-6 of Figure 5 showing theupper anchoring means. ‘61) sitely. disposed channels and the top and bottom edges" of portions 4a, 4b received` in channels 5a, my invention is'to provide means for quieting the above advantages. while also. maintaining the _ 55 panels 4a, 4b being. received in vertical half studs inthe form of channels 5 arranged in back to back relation and having the side- edges of panels of adjacent units` received in the oppo rods 1a and 'lbrare employed over. the outer surface of panely members 4a; 4b, the rods 'la being at the top andrreceived in the top channel V25 5a _and supportedïat their lower ends on top edges of channel 8 while the lower rods 1b are similarly disposed relative to channels 5b' and 9.,’ In my improved construction, a metal frame work 2` forms a casing and jamb for the door I. 30 shape of the jambs so‘ as to receive a. door to .45 tions 4.and top and bottom portions 4a,` 4b made up. of suitable insulating material such as “In sulite”, or wall board, the outer edges of the side panels 4 and the ends of the top and bottom In this illustrative construction, it will benoted the channel studs 5 through the channel member 9. By cutting out an area I3 from the panel 4 above the channel member 9, as heretofore,- I am also abl'eto insert the ends of the sill I'I. into this area, the outer edges of the sill being notched y away, as. at Il', Iso that the rods pass by the ' same and extend downwardly to the lower chan nel, being bent outwardly to pass by the side of the member 8. As shown, the ends of this sill ' member Il also project under and laterally be yond the side jambs hereinafter described and the side portions 4 of insulating board terminat ing above the ends of channel 9, while the bot tom insulating panel 4b is received within the channel 9 and extends beyond the sill so that its (if) 2 2,131,463 sheet of wire mesh 6 on the inner surface of the vertical edges are 'received in the studs 5. lÍ'hus, in this construction, the sill is very stably sup ported and the insulating members at the top panel is turned inwardly at the edge, herein, and bottom can be made identical, all need for a special bottom member narrower than the top mesh 6 on the outer surface may also be turned U! member being eliminated. to increase the strength of the plastering where the jamb and plastering interlock, while the wire at the edge within the jamb if desired. Further, in accordance with my invention, the . ' i At the bottom of the door I have shown a bent frame 2 is comprised of three units, identical metal plate 24, which is made to conform with side jamb units I4 and an overhead lintel unit I5. the bottom surface of the door when the latter Each side jamb unit I4 I vprefer to fabricate , is cut away toward the outer side adjacent the from a channel-like member which has a usual ‘ sill. It is desired to cut away the door in this jamb section or offset I6 for receiving the edgeof manner so as to place a weather strip fitting the door, and inwardly turned ends I‘I 'at the within the area cut away from the bottom of the extremities of the flanges. The member I4 is door and abutting against the plate 24 when the 15 preferably of sufiicient width to extend slightly door is closed. The outer edge of the sill may beyond the stucco and plaster wall surfaces when . also be further supported by an upright member they have been >applied to the panels 4, at which time the inwardly turned edges I'I Will extend 26 shown' in VFigure 3, although this member may be omitted, as shown in Figure 1, if desired. under the surface ofthe finished walls and pre sent an edge of attractive appearance. At suit able intervals over the length of the casing, reenforcing straps I8'are also herein employed to hold the side frame unit III in vertical align As a result of my improvement, it will be noted that not only is the cost of the door frame ma 20 ment with respect to the edge of the panels 4, the 25 reenforcement straps being inthe form of chan nels closely ñtting the end and side surfaces of the panels 4 and having their flanges bent out wardly so as to rest within the turned edges I'I of the jamb unit I4, to which edges the flanges 30 of the straps I8 are welded or otherwise bonded. Within the extending portion or jamb I6 of the member I4, I place a strip I9 of “Insulite” or other material similar to that used for the wall boards, and the strip I9 is held between the straps 35 I8 and the member I4 so as to provide a filling means for the jambs and in cooperation with the panel 4 in the straps I8, to dea'den sound when the door is closed against the jamb. In order to support the side` jamb I4 within 40 the aperture of the wall panels, upon the sill II and under the metal channel 8, I provide brackets or angle members 20 and 2I. . 'I'he lower bracket 2B is suitably Welded or fixed to the bottom end of the jamb member I4, and one leg of the 45 bracket 2I is similarly attached to theupper end of the jamb member. When the jamb'mem ber I4, together with the straps I8 and brackets 20 and 2 I, is placed in position and firmly driven against the edge of the wall board panel 4, the 50 lower leg of the bracket 20 extends through the cut out area I3 and rests against the sill II. Holes are also provided in the bracket 20 so that the latter may be ñXed to the sill by nails 22 which may be driven in from outside the panel 55 4. The _upper end of the jamb member I4 is beveled or mitered in a manner so as to match with a similar beveled edge of the lintel mem ber I5. This member I5 is in the form of a channel 60 of similar cross section to the jamb member I4, having an abutment portion against which the door strikes and within this abutment the upper channel member 8 is enclosed. In assembling the frame, the lintel member I5 is placed in po 65 sition, and the bracket 2I is then in readiness to be fastened to the upper channel member 8, the fastening being accomplished in this instance by means of a nut and bolt 23 passing through co operating openings in the channel member and 70 the bracket. After the frame 2 has been as sembled and placed in position, the inner and outer wall surfaces may be applied, the plaster and stucco or other material passing inside the channel like area of the jamb member I4 and 75 serving further to hold the same in position. The terially reduced, but also the ease and speed of assembling the frame are increased. Further, it will be observed that the parts of the frame work, when disassembled, may be piled together and readily handled. Note further that the im 25 proved frame work results in a door frame which is long-lived and of improved utility both from ease of construction and from the low expense of the'same. Attention is also directed to the elim ination of undesirable noise, usually resulting 30 from the use of metal construction. In this con nection it will be noted that the metal jamb units I4 and the lintel I5 are supported along their entire length by the sound-deadening “Insulite”panels 4 and 4a, and further that the jamb units I4 are connected by a wooden sill member II while the flanges of these jamb units and lintel are ñlled'with plaster or other cementitious coat ings, and the strip I9 still further deadens the sound when the door is closed against the jamb. A These and other advantages of my improved con struction will be more apparent to those skilled in the art. While I 'have in this application speciñcally de scribed one embodiment which my invention may 45 assume in practice, it will be understood that this form of the same is shown for purposes of illustration and that the invention may be modi ñed and embodied in various other forms with out departing from its spirit or the scope of the appended claims. WhatV I claim> as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: l. In aprefabricated closure unit, a unit frame having spaced vertical side channels and top. 55 bottom and side pane-ls spaced to present an aperture, a closure frame in said aperture sup ported on said side channels, and spaced panel locating members on the sides of said closure frame receiving the adjacent edges of said side 60 panels. 2. In a prefabricated closure unit, a unit frame having spaced vertical side channels and top, bottom and side panels spaced to present an ap erture, a closure frame in said aperture supported on said side channels, spaced panel locating mem bers on the sides of said closure frame receiving the adjacet edges of said side panels, and anchor ing means on said panels including spacing rods on said side panels between said channels and 70 saidV spaced members. 3. In a prefabricated closure unit, a unit frame having spaced vertical side channels and top, bottom and side panels spaced to present an aperture, and a sheet metal' closure frame sup 2,131,468 Si ported on said vertical channel members having top, bottom and side members and sheet metal channel forming means therein receiving the ad jacent edges of said panel members and outer sheet metal trim forming flanges. 4. In a prefabricated closure unit, a unit frame having spaced vertical side channels and top, bottom and side panels spaced to present an ap erture, and a metal closure frame supported on li) said vertical channel members having channel forming top, bottom and side members receiving the adjacent edges of said panel members, and outer trim forming liange members having in turned ends adapted to be embedded in cementi tious coatings on said panel members. 5. In a prefabricated closure unit, a unit frame having spaced vertical side channels and top, bot tom and side panels spaced to present an aper ture, and a metal closure frame supported on said 20 vertical channel members having spaced channel forming top, bottom and side members receiving the adjacent edges of said panel members, and outer trim forming flange members, the vertical members of said closure frame having said first mentioned channel forming members supported on the extremities of said trim forming flanges. 6. In a prefabricated door panel construction, the combination of vertical and horizontal pan els forming an aperture for the frame, upright channels receiving the outer edges of all of said panels, horizontal channels receiving the upper and the lower edges of diiîerent horizontal panels and fastened to said upright channels, and a door frame supported in said aperture having a sill resting on the lower horizontal channel, a lintel carrying said upper horizontal channel therein, and jamb members connected between said lintel and sill and receiving the adjacent edges of said vertical panels therein. 40 - , 7. In a closure for prefabricated buildings, a frame having parallel jamb members having trim flanges adapted to extend beyond adjacent wall surfaces and inwardly turned edges on said flanges, and reenforc-ing members spaced along the lengths of said jamb» members and shaped to receive the edge of an adjacent wall surface car rying member and fastened to said inturned edges of said flanges. K 8. In a closure for prefabricated buildings, a frame having parallel jamb members having trim ñanges adapted to extend beyond adjacent wall surfaces 'and inwardly turned edges on said flanges, reenforcing members spaced along the lengths of said jamb members and shaped to re ceive the edge of an adjacent wall surface carry ing member and fastened to said inturned edges of said flanges, and a member extending longi tudinally inside one of said jambs and passing between said jamb and the reenforcing members 60 thereon to deaden the sound of a closure mem ber when striking said jamb. 9. In a closure for prefabricated buildings, a jamb member having trim ñanges adapted to ex tend beyond the adjacent wall surfaces and in 65 wardly turned edges on said flanges, and reen forcing means shaped to received the edge of an adjacent wall member and fastened to the in turned edges of said flanges. 10. In a closure for prefabricated bulidings, a 70 jamb member having trim flanges adapted to extend beyond the adjacent wall surfaces and in wardly turned edges on said flanges, reenforcing 3 means shaped to receive the edge of an adjacent wall member and fastened to the inturned edges of said ñanges, and a member extending longi tudinally inside said jamb and passing between the latter and said reenforcing means to- deaden El the sound of a closure member striking said jamb. 1l. In a closure for prefabricated buildings, a jamb member of channel shape, spaced reenforc ing members holding said jamb member in spaced relation` from the edge of the wall, a lower bracket Il) fastened to said jamb member and having a leg for securing the same to a sill, and an upper bracket fastened to the jamb member and having a leg for securing the same to a lintel member. 12. A prefabricated Wall unit for buildings in cluding .a panel of sound deadening material hav ing an aperture therein, a closure frame of metal in said aperture having jamb units, and sound deadening supporting means for said metal frame including portions of said frame engaging the 20 edges of said panel material along the length of said jamb units. f 13. A prefabricated unit for buildings including a panel of sound deadening material having an aperture therein, a closure frame of -metal in said aperture having jamb portions, a closure in said frame adapted to engage said jamb portions, and means for deadening the engagement of said closure ~with said metal jamb portions including exterior channels on said frame receiving the 30 edges of said panel material along the length of said jamb portions. 14. A prefabricated wallunit for buildings in cluding a panel of sound deadening material hav ing an aperture therein, a metal frame for the ¿ margins of said aperture comprising spaced verti cal members and a transverse lintel member, each having jamb portions, connecting means for the lower ends of said vertical members including a Wooden sill member, a closure in >said frame 40 adapted to engage the jamb portions thereof, and means for supporting said frame vin l said aperture and deadening the engagement of said closure with said jamb portions including means yalong said frame members for receiving the edges 45 of said panel material therewithin. 15. A prefabricated unit for buildings including a panel having an aperture therein and carrying anchoring material for a cementitious coating on a face thereof, a closure frame ‘in said aperture 60 including spaced vertical members and a trans verse lintel member, each having a jamb portion and an outwardly extended flange portion spaced from the face of said panel, and Aa coating of ce mentitious material on the face of said panel filling the space between said panel and the flange portions of said frame members. 16. A prefabricated unit for buildingsincluding a panel having an aperture therein and carrying anchoring material for cementitious coatings on 60 the opposite faces thereof, a closure frame in said aperture including spaced vertical members and a transverse lintel member, each having a jamb portion .and outwardly directed flanges spaced from and overlying the anchoring material on said panel forming exterior channels, frame sup porting means along the length of said frame members receiving said panel, and coatings of cementitious material on the faces of said panel filling said exterior channels and embedding the 70 outwardly directed flanges of said frame members. JOSEPH C. ESTES.