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Патент USA US2131477

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Sept. 27', 1938.
L. KIRSCHBRAUN ' '
2,131,477
SIDING
Filed May 24, 1933
2 Sheets-Sheet l
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$72M’, 7/
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Patented Sept. '27, 1938,
\_ 2,131,411
UNITED’ sTATEs "PATENT "OFF-ICE
SIDING
Lester Kirschbraun, Leonia, N. J., assignor to
The, Patent and Licensing Corporation, New
York, N. ,Y., 'a_corporation of Massachusetts
Application '-May 24, 1938, Serial No. 672,598
'
_
_
a can-as.
(on. 20-5)
This invention- relates to panels for use assid
ing or for other similar uses. This panel is char
To this end, the roo?ng is formed with areas of
redor
other suitable brick-colored grits, ‘spaced
acterized by rigidity, light weight, economy of
continuous horizontal stripes and short, stag
.manufacture, excellent heat-insulating qualities, by
and pleasing appearance“ It is also an‘ object of _ gered verticalstripes to represent mortar joints
between the individual bricks and the successive 5
the‘invention to‘ provide siding which is thor
- oughly weather-proof and‘ which canbe quickly
and easily applied ‘directly to the studding of a
building. In gang siding,'one of the principal
10 difficulties is to provide a structure in which the
joints are as inconspicuous as'possible. Any
- regularity of outline, any distinctive demarca
tion. or any continuous straight'lines at the joints
become noticed usually apart from‘ the remainder
courses.
7
'
>
For a more complete understanding of the in-.
vention, reference may be had to the accom
panying drawings in which
7
Figure 1 is an elevation of a siding panel em
bodying the invention.
'
.
l
'
Figure 2 is 'a fragmentary elevation of the
same showing slightly modi?ed arrangement of '
the-elements.
‘
‘
'
'
of the structure, directing the attention of the
is observer
Figure 3 is a perspective fragmentary view of a
to these joints and‘ seriously impairing
continuous
sheet of roo?ng from‘ which strips
the pleasing appearance of the structureuitself.
may be cut for application to ‘a board.
Another diiliculty resides in the necessity of not
Figures 4 and ,5 are elevations of other panels ' '7
only making the joints inconspicuous, but also embodying
the invention.
.
' '
20 protecting the joints against the entrance of-raln
. Figure 1 illustrates a siding panel consisting of v 20 .
and‘ moisture which may produce rotting and
disintegration of the under portions of the board. ‘a rectangular board III which is preferably light'
The invention of the present'structure is directed in weight but possessed of considerable inherent
rigidity. This board is preferably rabbeted on
to achieving these objectives in addition to those all
four edges so as to make overlap joints not
25
previously set forth.
-
‘ ‘
'
'
Panels embodying this invention may be made
by mounting on a rigid ?ber board as‘phaltic
roo?ng material in such a‘ way that the. boards
can be laid-edge to'edge, the asphaltic roo?ng
only with similar boards in the'same course, but 25
also with similar boards in courses above and’
below. The board i0 is preferably immersed for
a brief period, such as thirty seconds or sohin a
bath of molten asphalt. This gives it a surface
penetrating sumciently into the board 30
as‘ to make a weatherproof structure. In carry ' saturation
to render it highly resistant to penetration of
ing out this invention, I preferably‘ employ a water.‘The purpose of this is to produce a water
rigid ?ber board which is strong and light and ‘
proof surface and yet to leave the core of the
possesses good insulating properties. ’ While the
30 secured to the board's'overlapping the joints so
1-board with its void spaces un?lled with asphalt,
thereby retaining the heat-insulating value of 35
I have found that so-called-“Masonite" is suit
the
to the maximum degree. Secured to the‘
able for the purpose, this material being made facebase
of the board i0 is a superstructure which
of exploded wood fiber, wet laid in sheet'form.
comprise- a series of elongated strips ii of
and dried under high pressure. Asphaltic roo?ng ‘may
roo?ng. These strips are preferably approxi
is
secured
to
a
board'of
this
kind,
theroo?ng
being
40
mately the same length as the board but are lat- , 40
preferably ‘of the ordinary semi-?exible type con
erallyo?set so that each strip has an end por
sisting of a felt base impregnated and coated tion projecting beyond a side edge of the board
' with'asphalt and surfacedvwith suitablegi'janu
ID. The strips II are preferably surfaced with
lar material such as crushed slate. This ‘roo?ng colored grits _in such a way as to present a series
45 may besecured to the board in the form ofsepa
of areas I 2 approximately the size and shape of 45 I
rate elongated strips arranged parallel'to the‘top the
side faces of brick, these areas being spaced '
- and-bottomedges of the board, or a single sheet
by
vertical
bands 13 of a suitable width to repre
having approximately the same area as that of
-sent
vertical'mortar
joints between the bricks in
the board but having portions projecting" beyond
a course. In order to simulate conventional brick
at least one side edge of" the board and the‘bot
work in which the vertical mortar joints are stag- , 50
tom edge. While the roo?ngmateri'al may be gered
in successive courses, the strips II- are like
made to represent any convenient? 'design,-.. the ‘.wise preferably
staggered so that the end por
embodiment of the invention more particularly tions of alternate strips‘ extend half a brick
described hereinafter, and illustrated‘ on the:
drawings; is designed to represent brick work. . length beyond the ends of the other strips in
the series. ,Thus, in the embodiment illustrated 55
35 invention is not limited to any specific material,
in Figure 1, the end portions of the strips project
beyond the right hand side edge of the board for
alternately greater and lesser distances. In the
embodiment of the invention illustrated in Fig
ules, spaced by narrow bands of contrasting color.
For example, narrow bands 2i may be surfaced
with white granules or may be left black. From
the end of this sheet narrow strips II are severed
ure‘ 2, the end portions of alternate strips project ‘ as by transverse cuts 22 which extend across the
a short distance beyond the right hand side edge
of the board, the left hand ends of the other
strips projecting beyond the left hand side edge
of the board. In either case, the set of ‘strips is
10 vertically offset so that the bottom portion of the
sheet from edge to edge and are perpendicular to
the bands or stripes 20 and 2|. These strips II
are then ready to be attached in parallel stag
gered relation to a board so as to represent brick
of the board so that the lowermost strip will thus
lap the horizontal joint between the board and a
similar board in the course next below.
; The strips ll may be secured to the board I! in
any suitable or convenient manner. For ex
ample, the face of the board in may be coated
with hot asphalt, emulsified asphalt, or with a
10
work.
Figure 4 illustrates a slightly different embodi
ment of the invention, this form consisting of a
board 30 to the face of which is attached a super
structure consisting of a series of overlapping
elongated strips 3i. These strips are each sub 15
stantially as long as the board itself, and are
laterally o?set so that an end portion of each
strip projects beyond a side edge of the board in
waterproof adhesive substance such as “cut~
a manner similar to that shown in Figures 1 and
lowermost strip projects below the, bottom edge
back" asphalt or pitch, this consisting of asphalt
or pitch mixed with su?icient naphtha or similar
solvent to render it plastic and adhesive. While
this coating is in its adhesive condition, the strips
ii are applied thereto and are pressed into adhe
sive contact therewith. If desired, a templet or
other suitable means may be employed to facill-_'
tate locating the strips correctly. In addition, it
may be desirable to attach the strips to the board
more securely by use of suitable fastening ele
30 ments l5 such as staples or the like. As shown,
the several strips -II are vertically spaced from
one another, leaving narrow horizontal areas ii
between successive strips having a width approxi
mately equal to that of a mortar joint. While
the adhesive coating on the board is still in its
sticky condition, I may shower the panel with
granular material, preferably of a color similar to
that of the vertical stripes it, this grit being
adapted to stick to the coating on the areas not
2. The strips 3| are preferably wider than the
strips I I so that they may have rectangular areas
32 to simulate side faces of brick, and may also
have sufficient area 33 above these rectangular
areas to permit overlap by the strip next above,
leaving a portion of the area 33 exposed to repre
sent a mortar joint. The strips ii are also
formed with areas I! at their ends,‘similar to but
slightly wider than‘the vertical mortar joints.
These strips are preferably attached to the board
by suitable fastening elements 34, the fastening 30
elements being passed through the upper portion
of each strip so as to be overlapped and pro
tected by the weather edge portion of the strip
above.
_
The lower portions of these strips, except near
the ends, may be cemented or stapled to the
underlying strip. The areas of the board not
covered by the strips, as well as the areas cov
ered thereby, may be left uncoated and ungritted.
In assembling panels of this kind, the upper edges 40
of the projecting portions of the strips are in
covered by the strips ii. These grits may be
suitably rolled or otherwise pressed into partial
embedded contact with the sticky coating so that serted beneath the strips in the course next above
a substantially continuous surface layer of grit on the adjacent panel. Likewise, the end por
adheres to the sticky coating. The panel is then tions 35 of the strip are inserted beneath the end
ready to be applied to the studding of a building, edges of the strips in the same courses on the 45
together with other similar panels in courses. adjacent panel, sumcient of the areas 35 being
The end portions l1 and iii of the strip, which left exposed to simulate vertical mortar joints.
project beyond a side edge of the board overlap As indicated in Figure 4, the board 30 may have
areas of the next adjacent board which are not plain edges for butt joints instead of rabbeted
covered by roo?ng material. These overlapping edges such as are illustrated in Figures 1 and 2.
Figure 5 illustrates another embodiment of the
portions of the strips may be secured to such
areas by means of adhesive cement, staples, or
both.
It will be noted that, by using the strips secured
to the backing board in the manner described, the
di?iculties ordinarily attending the assembly of
panels on the side of a building, caused by the
necessity for closely fitting the overlapping D01.‘
tions, ‘are entirely overcome. Thus the project
ing end portions ll of the strips on one panel may
be readily applied to the areas of the adjacent
panel in between the opposite end portions of the
strips secured to said adjacent panel, without
requiring close ?tting of these overlapping por
tions.
The strips H. which are secured to the boards
shown in Figures 1 and 2, may be conveniently
made as indicated in Figure 3. To this end, a
continuous sheet of roo?ng felt may be treated,
in a manner well known in the art, to successive
70 steps of saturation with asphalt, coating with
oxidized asphalt, and the application of granular
' matter such as crushed grit in longitudinal bands
on the weather face of the sheet. These bands
may include broad bands of brick-colored gran
invention, consisting of a board 40 which may
have plain edges for butt joints or rabbeted
edges as shown. To the face of this board is
attached a superstructure consisting of a single
sheet ‘I of roofing, this roofing having serrated 55
side edges to simulate the staggering of brick
courses. The sheet ‘I is preferably prepared by
surfacing the entire sheet first with light colored
granules to represent mortar, printing a brick
work pattern of rectangular areas 42 of adhesive
material on the granular surface, then applying
brick-colored granular material to the adhesive
material on the areas 42. This results in a brick
work pattern having the brick-simulating areas
65
standing out in relief from the areas represent
ing mortar joints. The sheet ll of roo?ng is,
as shown, laterally and vertically offset with re
lation to the board lli so that the entire serrated
edge at one endof the sheet is outside of the
contour of the board and overlaps the next ad
jacent board when applied to the side of a build
ing with other similar siding panels. The sheet
ll is also vertically offset so that its lower edge
is below the lower edge of the board. Thus the 75
3
~ 9,181,477
sheet of roo?ng overlaps and protects the hori ?ber board, a coating of waterproof adhesive ma
zontal and vertical joints between the'board to ‘ terial covering a face of said‘ board, a plurality, ._
- which it is secured and adjacent boards. The of spaced elongated strips of asphaltic roo?ng ad
sheet 4| may be secured to the board 40 by any
suitable waterproof adhesive vmaterial such as
cut-back asphalt, and staples II or other fasten
hering to said coating and arranged parallel to
the upper ‘and lower edges of the board, some of
said strips having end portions projecting be
ing elements may be additionally employed to , yond a side edge of the board.‘
'10
,
secure the sheet permanently to the board. The
horizontal mortar line portions are eliminated at
the serrated edges to avoid the necessity of close
?tting and exactness of dimension. By eliminat
5. A siding panel or the like, comprising a rigid
?ber board, a coating oi’ waterproof adhesive ma
ing these portions of the sheet, slight variations
roo?ng adhering to said coating and ‘arranged ,
terial on a face of said board, a plurality of 10
spaced elongated strips of grit-surfaced asphaltic
parallel to the upper and lower edges of the
board, and granular matter adhering to the areas
do not make the joints between panels promi
15
15 nent. In this connection the uncovered portion _ of coating between the spaced strips.
6. A siding panel or the like, comprising a rigid
of the base board is coated and'slated to repre- ‘
sent mortar lines when the extended portions of ?ber board, a coating of. waterproof adhesive ma
terial covering‘a face of said board, a plurality.
the facing sheet of an adjacent panel are over
of spaced elongated strips of a'sphaltio roo?ng ar
lapped thereon, as indicated in dotted lines.
It is evident that many changes in detail may ranged horizontally on said board and adhering
be made in the'embodiments hereinbefore shown to said coating, each said strip being surfaced
and described without departing from the spirit with areas of brick-simulating colored grit spaced
by vertical bands of mortar-simulatinggrit, said
or scope of the invention as de?ned by the fol
strips being in staggered parallel relation, end
lowing claims. .'
in dimensions of the sheet are unimportant and
I claim:
-
portions of, alternate strips projecting beyond
l. A siding panel or the like, comprising a basev a side edge of the board, and mortar-simulating
of rigid ?ber board, a plurality of elongated strips grit covering the areas of said board between said
_
of asphaltic roo?ng vsecured to a face of said strips.
7. A siding panel or the like, comprising'a rigid
board parallel to the upper and lower edges of
the board and in staggered relation, said strips ?ber board, a plurality of elongated strips of
being so arranged that end portions of alternate asphaltic roo?ng secured to said board parallel
strips project beyond a side edge of said board. to the upper and lower edges thereof and in
2. A siding panel or the like, comprising a rigid overlapping relation, altemate strips having end
?ber board, and a series of elongated strips of portions projecting‘ beyond a side edge 'of said
asphaltic roo?ng secured to said board in stag . board, the lowermost of said strips having its
gered relation and parallel to the upper and lower lower margin‘ projecting beyond the lower edge
‘edges of the board, each of said strips having of the board.
8. A siding panel or the like, comprising a rigid
an end portion projecting beyond one of the side
edges of said board alternately greater and lesser ?ber board. a series of elongated overlapping
strips of asphaltic roo?ng arranged on said board
40 ‘distances irom said side edge of the board.
3. A siding panel or the like, comprising a base parallel to the top and bottom edges of the board
of rigid ?ber board, a plurality of elongated strips and staggered, each said strip having a face coat
of asphaltic roo?ng secured to a face of said _ ing of asphalt surfaced by grit and an additional
board vparallel to the upper and lower edges of coating of asphalt applied in spaced areas on the '
portion of the strip not lapped by the strip next
45 the board and in staggered relation, alternate above. an additional layer of grit covering the 45
strips having end portions extending beyond a
side edge of said board, the lowermost of said second coating on said spaced areas, and fasten
strips extending beyond the lower edge of the ing elements extending through the overlapped
portion of each said strip and said board.
I
board.
,
LESTER ICiRSCI-IBRAUN.
4. A siding panel or the like, comprising av rigid
-50
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