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Патент USA US2131502

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Sept. 27, 1938.
2,131,502
A. E. ELLIOT
COMPRESS
Original Filedv July 10, 1933
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Sept. 27, 1938.
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COMPRESS
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Sept. 27, 1938.
A. E. ELLIOT
2,131,502
COMPRESS
Original Filed July 10. 1933
’ 4 Sheets-Sheet 4
Patented Sept. 27, 1938
2,131,502
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,131,502
COMPRES S
Albert E. Elliot, Atlanta, Ga., assignor, by mesne
assignments, to Chase Model Bale Gin Com
press 00.
Application July 10, 1933, Serial No. 679,766
Renewed January 26, 1938
'
2 Claims. (01. 1007-1)
My invention relates to improvements in com
presses particularly adapted for compressing and
baling cotton and other similar ?brous materials.
It is an object of the invention to provide a
5 compress for compressing the cotton to a high
degree of density and having means for form
ing the compressed cotton into bales of uniform
shape and size.
A further object of the invention is to provide
10 a machine of the above-mentioned character
having sample taking means associated with the
bale shaping box, whereby a true sample of the
cotton forming the bale is taken during the
formation of the bale.
15
Another object of the invention is to provide a
machine of the above-mentioned character which
is simple and durable in construction, reliable
and efficient in operation and inexpensive to
manufacture.
20
Other objects and advantages of the invention
will be apparent during the course of the follow
ing description.
In the accompanying drawings, forming a part
of this speci?cation and in which like numerals
25 are employed to designate like parts throughout
the same,
Fig. 1 is a side elevation view of the whole ma
chine,
of Fig. 2,
Fig, 4 is a fragmentary vertical section taken
on lines 4—4 of Fig. 1,
Fig. 5 is an enlarged side elevational detail
35
View of the bale shaping box,
.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged detail view, showing the
sections of the bale shaping box in separate re
lation,
Fig. '7 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
detail View taken on lines 'l-—‘! of Fig. 5,
Fig. 8 is a section taken on line 8-8 of Fig. 9
with the parts in elevation, and
Fig. 9 is an enlarged front elevational detail
45 View of the sample taking means.
In the drawings, wherein for the purpose of
illustration, I have shown a preferred embodi
ment of my invention, the letters A and B, de
note two compresses built into a single unit, which
50 are operated successively to provide for the con
tinuous compressing and baling of ‘the cotton as
it flows from the gin. As the construction of
the compresses A and B are identical it is thought
40
)
the description of one will su?ice.
attached by bolts 9. Movable longitudinally of
the rails is a frame comprising side bars I0, hav
ing at spaced intervals throughout their length
lower bearings II, in which the axles I2 of the
pressure rolls I3 are journale-d.
The ends of the
rolls l3 are provided with ?anged wheels I4,
adapted to ride on the lower rails 8 and impart a
rotary movement to‘ the rolls. There are eight 10
rolls divided into sets of four rolls each and ex
tending around each set of rolls are a series of
endless belts l5, which are driven by the rolls and
provide a continuous pressure surface for com
pressing the cotton. Idler wheels lG are dis 15
posed between the Wheels l4 and upper rails 1,
so that when the pressure on the rolls l3, lifts
the wheels I4 off the lower rails, the idler wheels
by reason of their contact with the upper rails
will continue to rotate the pressure rolls in the
same direction. The idler wheels have axles I1,
journaled in the bearings [8 in the side bars Ill
and bearings IS in the inner bars 20.
The frame and rolls are reciprocated along the
rails by connecting rods 2|, having oneend at
tached to the axle of one of the rolls, as at 22,
the opposite end being connected to the wrist
pin 23, eccentrically mounted on the flywheels
Fig. 2 is an enlarged side elevation view of
30 one-half of the machine, with parts broken away,
Fig. 3 is a vertical section taken on lines 3-3
55
rights 5, which support cross bar 6, to which the
upper- and lower longitudinal rails 1 and 8, are
'
The frame of the compress consists of up
24, which are suitably supported on the up
rights 5. The ?y wheels are driven by a suitable 30
engine not shown.
A hydraulic press is disposed beneath the cen
ter of each machine consisting of an upright
cylinder 25, mounted on the base 26, having con
nection with a suitable pump, not shown, by the
pipe line 21. A piston 28 is mounted to recipro
cate in the cylinder 25, carrying at its upper end
the platen 29, which presses against the belts l5
of the rolls l3, when the piston is at its extreme
upper stroke.
A chute 30 is mounted above the compresses
A and B, leading from a drum type condenser,
which delivers a continuous bat of cotton 33' to
the machine. The bat of cotton moves down
the chute between the feed rolls 3|, at the bottom
‘of the chute and onto the pivoted de?ector plate
32, which is operable to direct the bat of cotton
onto either of the endless conveyor belts 33, lead
ing to the compresses A and B. The conveyor
belts 33 are trained around rollers 34 and 35 50
and mounted adjacent the lower roller 35 is a
compressing roller 36. The bat of cotton mov
ing on the conveyor belts passes between the
rollers 35 and 36 and is delivered onto the in
clined guard plate 31, mounted on the inner bars 55
2
2,131,502
20. A guard plate 3'! is provided for each set of
pressure rolls, the plates being1 disposed over
cotton passes through the box, the prongs 48
take samples from the folds ofv cotton and deliver
the adjacent end rolls of each set, so as to di
rect the bat of cotton down between the sets of
the samples to sample bags 5|. After the bale
of the desired size is formed the de?ector plate
rolls onto the platen 29. Upon reciprocation
of the frame and pressure rolls the bat of cotton
32 is swung to cut the bat leading to the com
is laid in transverse folds on the platen and as
the platen is subjected to a pre-determined pres
sure by the hydraulic mechanism, the folds of
cotton are compressed between the platen and
belts of the pressure rolls.
In order that the bales of cotton will be of uni
form shape and size, a bale shaping box 38 is
disposed around the platen 29 when in its ex
15 treme raised position. The box is formed of sec
tions 39 and 40, each section being supported on
the ?anges 4| of the lower rails, by wheels 42,
journaled on axles 43 extending from the outer
side walls 43’ of the sections. The sections of
20 the box are detachably secured together at each
side by a locking bar 44, pivotally attached to
one section, as at 45, the ends 46 of the bar 44
being bent outwardly at right angles, for lock
ing engagement with the keepers 41, attached
to each section, when the locking bar is swung
in a horizontal plane.
During the initial com
pression of the folds of cotton, the box 38 shapes
the bale, so that it is uniform in shape and side
and after the bale is completed the locking bar
44 is unlatched and the sections of the box are
are unlatched and moved towards the ends of the 10
machine. The cloth 53 is then brought up be
tween the two sets of pressure rolls and over the
guard plate 31. The pressure rolls are then
caused to move so as to draw the cloth tightly
over the top of the bale and the bale is ready to 15
be tied off in the customary manner and removed
from- the machine. At the time the bale is re
moved the sample bags 5| are tied, sealed and
numbered to correspond to the number of the
bale and serve to provide a true sample of the 20
contents of the bale.
.
It is to be understood that the form of my in
vention herewith shown and described is to be
taken as a preferred example of the same and
that certain changes in the shape, size and ar 25
rangement of the parts may be made without
departing from the spirit of the invention or
the scope of the subjoined claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. A compress comprising a bale shaping box, 30
then free to move away from the bale, so it may
means for feeding a hat of cotton to said box,
be wrapped and tied.
means for compressing the cotton in said box,
As more clearly shown in Figs. 8 and 9, one
end of the box 33 is provided with sample taking
35 means consisting of a series of. steel prongs 48
and means for taking a sample of the cotton as
it passes through said box, consisting of prongs
attached to the outside of said box having their 35
attached to the lower edge of the box, at spaced
pointed ends extending through openings in the
intervals, as at 49.
side of said box.
.2. A compress comprising a bale shaping box,
The prongs are curved up
wardly and inwardly at an angle, with their
upper ends protruding through openings 50, in
the end of the box, for engagement with the
means for feeding a bat of cotton. to said box,
cotton as it passes through the box.
A small
means for taking a sample of the cotton as it
quantity of cotton forming the bale is caught
by the pointed ends of the prongs and is moved
down the prongs into the sample bags 5|, which
45 are supported by rings 52, attached to the lower
edge of the box. The plurality of prongs take
samples of the cotton from different sections of
the bale being formed and when the bale is com
pleted, the sample bags are removed, sealed and
50 numbered to correspond to the number of the
bale. A wrapping cloth 53 is placed over the
passes through said box consisting of inclined
prongs attached to the outside of said box hav
platen 29, before forming the bale and is wrapped
around the bale and tied before the bale is
removed.
In operation, the bat of cotton is delivered
55
from the gin condenser to the chute '30, which
directs it between the feed rolls 3|, onto the
de?ector plate 32. The plate 32 may be swung
to de?ect the bat towards either of the com
60 presses A and B and the conveyor belts 33 carry
the bat to the compress being used. The bat
passes from the conveyor belt between the rolls
35 and 36 and onto the guard plate 31, which
directs it between the sets of pressure rolls I3,
65 onto the platen 29, which is held under a pre
determined pressure against the belts |5 of the
pressure rolls by the hydraulic press. As the
frame supporting the pressure rolls is recipro
cated, the sets of rolls alternately lay the bat in
70 transverse folds on the platen and as the rolls
means for compressing the cotton in said box, 40
ing their pointed ends extending through open
ings in the side of said box, and means for sup 45
porting bags beneath the lower ends of the
prongs for collecting’ the samples.
3. A cotton compress comprising a bale shaping
box composed of separable sections, each section
being mounted on the frame of the compress for
50'
independentstraight line movement thereof in a
horizontal plane, means for feeding a hat of. cot~
ton to said box, and means for compressing the
cotton in said box.
4. A cotton compress comprising a bale shap 55
ing box composed of separable sections, each sec
tion being mounted on the frame of the compress
for independent straight line movement thereof
in a horizontal plane, means detachably securing
the sectionslof said box together, means for feed 60'
ing a bat .of cotton to said box and means for
compressing the cotton in said box.
5. A cotton compress comprising a supporting
frame having longitudinal rails, bat forming
mechanism movable, longitudinally of the rails, 65
a shaping box composed of. separable sections,
each section being movable independently in a
straight path along the rails and beneath said
bat forming mechanism.
6. A cotton compress comprising a supporting 70
pass over the folds the cotton is compressed be
tween the platen and belts of the rolls to, the
frame ‘having longitudinal rails, bat forming
mechanism ,movable longitudinally of the rails,
desired density. During the initial compression
of the cotton the folds pass through the shaping
a shaping box composed of two sections separably
connected together :and wheels suspending said
sections from the rails beneath said bat forming
75 box 38, which surrounds the platen and as the
C1
press in operation and the bat from the gin
condenser is then directed towards the other
compress, which is set in operation. The bale
having been formed, the sections of the box 38
2,131,502
mechanism, each section being movable inde
pendently in a straight path along the rails.
7. A cotton compress comprising a supporting
vframe having longitudinal rails, bat forming
mechanism movable longitudinally of the rails,
a shaping box composed of divided sections,
Wheels suspending each section of said box from
a
3
the rails and adapted to move longitudinally
thereof and means detachably securing the sec
tions of said box together whereby each section .
may move independently in a straight path along
the rails.
’
ALBERT E. ELLIOT.
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