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Патент USA US2131576

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'Sépt. 27, 193&
Filed Dec. 12, 1934
i I
g l
. Patented Sept. 27, 1938 '
2,131,575 ‘I . '
Walter Ziegler, Forest Park, Ill., easrsignor to'lEd.
Roos Company, a corporationof Illinois
, Application December 12, 1934, Serial No. 757,175 -
4 Claims.
This invention relates to household furniture,
and, more particularly, to clothes chests and the
sarily, provided with feet, legs. or supports -'~l'4
One of the objects of the invention is the provi
5 'sion of a chest having a novel arrangement of
, compartments movably connected together.
Another objectof the invention is the provision
of new and improved means for movably con
necting anupper compartment to a lower recep
10 tacle or main body of therchest that is so con
structed and arranged that the upper compart
ment which forms a closure for the chest will be
prevented from projecting rearwardly of the
plane of the ‘back of the chest during the opening
15 ‘and closing operations.
(Cl. 312-189)
'A further object of theinvention is the provi
sion of a new and improved hinge mechanism for
connecting a closure to a receptacle in such a
manner that the weight of the closure will be par
20 tially counterbalanced during the opening and
closing operations.
The upper section or closure comprises a ‘recep
tacle I 6 which corresponds in'length and width to
the lower receptacle and constitutes a closure.
The lid l3 forms va closure for the '
receptacle I6' and is hingedthereto in any suit
able manner, as by means of the hinges l1.
. .'
The uppersection I2 is movablyv connected to
the lower section II by a mechanism that ‘will
permit the closure to be opened without project
ing the same rearwardly beyond the plane of the '
rear wall of the chest during the opening .‘and
closing operations. By means of ‘such mecha
nism, the chest may be pushed back against the .15 ‘
wall of the room containing the.same,_and the
closure opened without moving the/chest ‘away
from the wall. Furthermore, the closure. |‘2"1is
in the form of a receptacle which may be of a
substantial depthv for receiving clothing, bed-' (
ding or the like, and when the upper receptacle 20
A still further object of the invention is the
provision of new and improved hinge mechanism or closure is ee?lled, the weight thereof may‘ be
considerable, and, for thatwreason, itis desirable
for the closure of a chest whereby the closure will that
means be provided for equalizing or counter
2 UK be seated on the lower compartment when’ in ‘balancing the weight thereof, while same is being ;
opened position and will be automatically held
in open position, and which will be limited in its opened. Any suitable'mechanism- may. be em
rearward movement by such mechanism.
A further object. of the invention is theprovi
3 O sion of a new and improved chest and associated
‘bodiment of the invention, and which is by way
of example only, a plurality of links are employed 0
parts that are inexpensive to manufacture, easily for
this purpose.
assembled, e?icient in use and which will be un
shown,~two links“? and 19V of substantially
obtrusive and pleasing in appearance.
the same length are employed-for movably con'-'
Other and further objects and advantages of necting the two sections together. These links
the invention will appear from the following de
scription taken in connection with the following are preferably, though not necessarily, duplicates
of each other, whereby their assembly is mate
drawing, in which-—
facilitated. The lower ends of these links
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the chest with
parts brokenraway and showing the closure in
ployed'for'performing these functions. ‘In the
form‘ of construction selected to illustrate one ‘em
open position;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the hinge mecha
Fig. 3 is a cross section of the chest showing
the closure inclosed position;
45 '_ Fig. 4 is a similar view but showing the closure
in open position; and
Fig. 5 is a vertical section through a portion of
the chest showing the locking mechanisms.
Referring now to the drawing, the reference
50 character 10 designates generally the chest which
comprises the lower section or compartment H
and the upper section, compartment or closure
12 provided with a lid l3. The lower compart
ment ll may be of the usual or any well-known
;5—5 construction and is-preferably, though not neces
are pivotally connected to the lower section or
compartment H‘ and the upper ends of same are
pivotallyrconnected to theupper compartmentor .v
closure 12.
Any suitable means may be employed for piv
otally connecting the links to‘ the sections. . In
the form of construction shown, the lower ends of
the links are connected to a pivot bar or plate ,_-.-4,~
2|, the central portion ‘of which is rigidly con;
nected to the end wall of the lower compartment,
as by :means of the screws 22 located at points
1The the
of edge
the bar
of said
. ‘e r
which the links l8 and I!) are pivotally or hinged‘; $00
-ly connected, as by. means of the pivots- 23 and
24. The upper ‘ends of. the links l8 and '19
are pivotally connected‘ to a. hinge plate 25 ‘.see ~
cured to the bottom wall. of the upper receptacle 555
or compartment |2 at points inwardly ,of the
rear edge thereof. This plate is preferably an
gular in cross section, one flange engaging the
bottom of the receptacle and secured thereto,
as by meansof the screws 26. The other ?ange
20 extends outwardly and has pivotal connec
tions with the upper ends of the links l8 and I9,
as clearly shown in Fig. 4 of the drawing. The
bar 2| is arranged angularly across the end wall
10 of the lower closure with the pivot 23 below the
pivot 24, as shown in Fig. 4.
The plate 25~is much shorter than the bar 2|
and due to these dimensions and the arrange
ment of the parts, the closure is caused to move
inwardly by these links when the same ‘is ele¢
lowered position. Preferably, a ?nger device or
handle 31 is provided on’ the upper closure be
tween the two latches so that in opening either
the lid or ‘the upper compartment or closure,
the operator may grasp the handle 31, and with
the thumb or one of the ?ngers of the same
hand may release one or the ‘other of the latches
by pushing the corresponding button, as de
By making the hinge mechanism of compara-g
tively thin. links, the greater portion of this
mechanism will be concealed by a liner 40 of
?brous material that may be used for lining the
bottom and side walls of the lower compartment.
This-lining material when in position over the
links will prevent the same from contacting the
vated from the front so that no part of the 010- ,
sure will project rearwardly of the rear wall 21 clothes and wearing, cutting or tearing. said gar
of the lower compartment during the opening ments during the opening and closing of the
and closing operations.
I claim as my invention:
It will also be seen that since the hinge plate
"1.'A chest comprising a lower compartment,
25 is secured to the bottom of the upper clo
sure that when the closure is in open position, aclosure for’said lower compartment, and means
as shown in Fig. 4, its center of gravity has passed for hingedly' connecting said closure and said
compartment together, said means comprising a
'dead center and the closure will rest on the up
of links of substantially the same length, an
per vedge of the lower compartment for holding
the samein open position, as shown inFig. 4. attaching plate secured to the inner surface of an
‘Furthermore, due to this arrangement of the end wall of said lower compartment with the for
plate 25, the weight of the upper compartment 'ward end of the plate spaced ‘above the level of
will be largely borne by thelinks l8 and I9 dur— the rear end thereof, an angle platehaving one
ing a major portion of the opening and closing flange connected to the lower surface of said
£39 ‘of
this compartment, thereby facilitating these closure withinfsaid chest and adjacent to the rear
edge‘ thereof; ‘said links being pivoted to the re
'The hinge mechanism may be assembled as a :spective ,ends {of the attaching plate and angle
unit and'is ready to be attached in position by pl'ateyfor movement'in the same plane, and a
guide strip extending over intermediate portions
applying the screws. The links are both at
tached to the same side of the ‘flange 20 and or said links vfor guiding the same and for pre
consequently when the upper compartment of venting lateral bending thereof.
2. A chest comprising a lower compartment, a
the chest is opened, one of these links may, in
certain constructions, engage the other, thereby ~closurefor vsaid lower compartment, and means
for hingedly connecting said closure and said
limiting the opening movement of the compart
compartment together so that the ‘closure may be
raised ‘to vertical position adjacent to and. for
Since the links may be made from light ma
terial, it is desirable that means be provided wardly of therear edge of the chest, said means
for guiding the same and for preventing the comprisingaipair'of links of substantially equal
links from bending laterally. Any
45 mechanism may be employed for this purpose.
As shown, guides or keepers 28 are provided.
These guides each comprise metal links or strips
provided with a central offset portion 30 for ex
tending about the links I8 and I9 and have their
ends provided with openings for receiving screws
.for‘ attaching the guides to the end walls of the
lower compartment, as clearly shown in Figs. 3
and 4 of the drawing. These guides permit the
links to move transversely of the chest during
the opening and closing movement of the clo
-.sure, and at the same time will prevent lateral
imovement of said links.
Appropriate means are provided for latching
the lid l3 and the closure |2 in lowered posi-’
tions. These latching means are preferably in
the form of push buttons, and since they are
similar, only one need be described. Each of the
latch members comprises a shank portion hav
ing an upwardly extending latch or catch por
65 tion 3| which is adapted to engage in an open
.ing 32 in an angular keeper 33 rigidly secured in
a suitable recess 34 in the side walls of the com
lengthgmeans for pivotally connecting the lower .
ends ‘of said links in substantially the same plane ‘
on an end wall‘of‘the lower compartment at ver
tically and laterally spaced points, the point near
erthe. rear edge of the chest being below the
Ilevel'of the point more remote from‘ said rear '50
edge, and having their upper ends pivotally‘con
nected to saidfclosure.
3. A chest comprising: a lower compartment,
a “closure for said lower compartment, and means
for ‘ hingedly' connecting said closure and said ;.,
compartment together so that the closure may be
raised to vertical position adjacent to and for
wa'rdly'of the rear‘ edge of the chest, said means
comprisinga plate, having a pair of laterally and
vertically spaced pivots thereon, mounted on an to
end wall of the lower-compartment and in a plane
parallel thereto, _a_pair of pivots carried by the
closure‘v near the rearledge thereof and in the
plane of the ?rst named pivots,~and a pair of links
of ‘substantially equal length each connected at £65
its extreme ends to one of each of said pairs of
pivotsgwheréb'y the links‘iare mounted for move
ment in’ substantially the same plane and where
by the paths of ‘their movement‘ do not intersect
The shank portion 29 extends forwardly and =when the'closure‘islraised or'lowered with relation
70 terminates in a push button 35 which is slightly to the lower compartment.
enlarged to form a shoulder for engaging a spring
36 which normally holds the button 35 extended
' for causing the latch 3| to engage in the open
315 ing .32 for locking the lid or upper closure in
‘49A chest comprising a lower compartment, a
closure for saidrlower compartment, and means
:for hingedly connecting said closure and.v said com
partment togetheriso that the closure may be
raised to vertical position adjacent to and for
wardly of the rear edge of the chest, said means
comprising a plate secured to the inner side of
pair'of links of substantially equal length each
connected at its opposite ends to one of each of '
said pairs of pivots, whereby the links are mount
an end wall of said lower compartment, a pair ed for movement in substantially the same plane
of laterally and vertically spaced pivots projecting - and whereby the paths of their movement do not
from the interior surface of said plate, a second intersect when the closure is raised or lowered
plate having a pair of pivots carried on the under with relation to the lower compartment.
surface of the closure near the rear edge thereof
and in the plane of the ?rst named pivots, and a
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