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Патент USA US2131761

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0a. 4, 1938.
C. L. SELF
2,131,761
TYPE FORM MAKE-‘UP DEVICE
Filed Dec. 28, 1936
3 Sheets-Sheet
l
‘c. L. SEVLF
2,131,761
TYPE FORM MAKE-UP DEVICE
Filed Dec.‘ 28, 1956
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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4, 1938.
C. L. SELF
'
2,131,71
TYPE FORM MAKE-UP DEVICE
Filed Dec. 28, 1956
3 Sheets-Sheet
C'farence A'Se/f
3
'
2,131,751“,
Patented‘ Oct. 4, 1938’
UNITED sTArs
PA'i‘hl'i‘ civics *
m
2,131,761
TYPE FORM MAKE-UP DEVICE
Clarence L. Self, Austin, Minn, assignor to V. B.
McGuire Manufacturing Company, North?eld,
Minn, a partnership composed of Clarence L.
Self and V. B. McGuire
Application December 28, 1986, Serial No. 117,685
31 Claims.
This invention relates to devices for use in
making up type form pages and further relates to
(Cl. 276-43)
ject to ‘equalized pressure. In the preferred em;
devices for clamping together the made up type
form pages.
U - In accordance with general practice in the
printing art, “Monotype” or “Linotype” are set up
by hand into forms representing a page or smaller
unit on a working surface known in the trade as
a galley. These galleys, which are in the nature
10 of a flat rectangular surface, are provided at
certain of their adjoining edges with upturned
?anges, against which upturned adjoining edges
the type is built up‘ into a longitudinally straight
sided ‘type form page. The operator, known in
18 the‘trade as the “make up man”, builds the type
groupup to approximately desired page length
and then, by compressing the group longitudi
nally by hand and measuring with a rule, de
termines the error in exact length at opposite
‘20 sides of the group, such error usually being due '
to error in thickness of the individual type of
‘the group, and then by insertion and/or removal
of?ller shims brings the type group to What
hedetermines is ‘the desired overall length and
25 squareness, and then ties the group up with twine
or the like to be passed on and locked up with
other ‘type groups or forms for the printing op
eration. This system of manually compressing
and‘ measuring for length and trueness with a
50 rule is not only slow and tedious, but is not apt to
be highly accurate, due to the fact that the com
pressibility of the complete unit is partially taken
up by hand pressure which is not uniform and
which often is not uniformly applied to opposite
35 sides of the ‘form. The result of such measuring
of’ a type form for squareness and length under
varying degrees of a poorly distributed pressure
is that when the type forms thus made up are
later passed through the lock-up process, where
40 in they are subject to a relatively greater pres
sure and for which purpose they must be of true
length and squareness, the lock-up operator is
required to‘waste much time and energy in ?n
ishing the job of truing up the type form for
45 length and-squareness by further removal and/or
insertion of shims‘between type rows.
The present invention provides, in combination
with a galley of improved form, a tool or device
bodiment of the invention this pressure produc—
ing and indicating apparatus is adjustably slid
able longitudinally of the galleys and is readily
shifted from inoperative position, wherein it in
no way interferes with the building up of the type
page form, to an operative position, wherein it is
used to compress the type page form and check
the length and trueness thereof, and wherein it
also serves as a means for compressing the type 10
and holding the same compressed while it is tied
or clamped up.
'1
.
Several important objects of the invention will
be made apparent from the above and others
thereof will be made apparent from. the follow 15
ing speci?cation and claims and the attached
accompanying‘ drawings, wherein like characters
indicate like parts throughout the several views.
Referring to the drawings:
'
Fig. 1 is a plan View of the complete appara 20
tus having a two-column type form page built
up and in operative position on the working sur
face of the galley;
'
.
Fig. 2 is a plan view similar to Fig, 1‘ and
with its several parts 'positionedas in Fig. 1 but 25
having certain parts thereof broken away and
certain thereof shown in section,‘ further illus—_
trating the details of the mechanism; ; - .
i
_. ;
Fig. 3 is a view broken away in section in ac
cordance with Fig. 2, but showing the pressure :30
producing and indicating mechanism shifted to
an operative position;
.
v
Fig. 4 is a detail sectional view taken on the
line 11-4! of Fig. 1;‘
-
Fig. 5 is a detail sectional view taken on the 135
line ,5-5 of Fig. 1, some parts on the section line
being omitted;
-
i
.
1
Fig. 6 is a detail sectional view with some parts
shown in full, taken on the line 6-—5 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is a detail sectional view taken on the
line 'i-l of Fig. 6; ‘
Fig. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary view in per
spective illustrating a step in the process of ap
plying the tie-up devices to a type page form;
and
,7
l
‘
45
Fig. 9 is an ‘enlarged fragmentary view in end
elevation of a type page form tied up by means
of the improved clamping devices.
‘
by means of which a built-up type form page
The galley, indicated as an entirety by In, is
may be quickly and easily subjected to equalized
in the nature of a rectangular tray having a ?at
longitudinally exerted pressure for the purpose
of measuring up for length and trueness, and in
its preferred form includes an automatically op-‘
erated meter for indicating the length and square
“ ness of the built-up type page form, while sub
14o
i
bottom working surface II and upstanding rails
at its front end and two sides and being open at
its rear end. The front upstanding rail .of the
galley is indicated by E2, the right-hand upstand
ing rail of the galley is indicated by I3, and the 55
2
2,131,761
left-hand upstanding rail is indicated by M. The
retain the crank disc in either of its extreme posi
front upstanding rail is undercut to provide an tions. The bell cranks 29 are pivotally anchored
overhanging horizontal ?ange I5 and an under
to the frame 29 at 31, and the links 39 are each
lying groove I6. The left-hand upstanding rail ' pivoted at one end to a bell crank 29 and at its
of the galley, indicated by M, is provided at its other end to a diametrically opposite point on the
horizontal upper edge with an inwardly project
crank disc 3|. The free outer ends of the bell
ing ?ange |'| that projects over and inwardly of cranks 29 work against the rear faces of the
the rail I4 in parallel relation thereto and is collars 26 so that under rotation of the handle
removably but securelyanchored thereto byscrews and consequent rotation of the crank disc 3|, the
10 l8. Applied to the upper surface of this inwardly
projecting ?ange I1 is a print-er’s scale l9 cali
push rods 25 and rail 24 may be projected from 10
brated in half-pica measurements. The pres
sure producing and indicating apparatus is all
carried by a sliding casing-acting frame 20 that
15 is slidable on the ?at bottom ll of the galley and
is guided for true longitudinal sliding movements
by the longitudinal side rail M of the galley, to
which said frame is slidably interlocked. In this
respect it will be seen, by examination particu
20 larly of Fig. 5, that the upstanding front rail of
the frame 20 projects under the inwardly pro
jecting ?ange ll of the galley side rail I4; and
tion shown in Fig. 3, in which latter position,
by reference particularly to Figs. 1 and 5, it will
be seen that the frame 20 is equipped with a cover
plate 2| that is removably applied thereto by
means of screws or the like 22, and is, at its left
hand edge portion, formed to afford a down
turned ?ange 23 that works against the outside
longitudinal surface of the galley rail | 4, thus
30 removably interlocking the frame 29 to the galley
rail | 4 for longitudinal sliding action and pre
venting removal thereof except by extreme longi
tudinal sliding action rearwardly beyond the end
of the ?ange | ‘| of the galley rail M, which ?ange,
35 it will be noted, terminates considerably forward
of the rear end of the galley but is, nevertheless,
of sufficient length to maintain suitable interlock
ing engagement between the frame 2|] and the
galley rail |4 throughout all of the operative posi
40 tions of said frame 20. The front edge of the
frame 20 extends in a plane exactly parallel to
the front rail |2 of the galley and therefore inter
sects the plane of the galley side rail l4 at exactly
a 90° angle.
45
Located directly forward of and extending in
parallel relation to the front edge of the frame 29
is an extensible and retractable primary rail 24
that is carried by the frame 20 through the
medium of push rods 25. These push rods 25 are
50 securely and rigidly anchored to the rail 20 and
work slidably through suitable apertures in the
front and rear walls of the frame 29. Preferably
the left-hand end of the primary rail 24 will slid
ably engage the inside edge of the galley rail I4
55 substantially as shown in the drawings. The
push rods 25 are normally retracted to a posi
tion, wherein the primary rail 24 is against the
front edge of the frame 20, by suitable compres
sion springs 25’ applied over the pushrods and
60 con?ned between the front edge of the frame 29
and suitable collars 26 on said push rods.
The mechanism herein illustrated for extend
ing the push rods and primary rail 24 against
the action of said springs 25’ compresses an oper
65 ating handle 21 that is mounted fast on a verti
cally extended operating shaft 28, journaled in
the frame 20, and its cover plate 2|, bell cranks
29, links 30 and a crank disc 3|. ,The handle 21
is made fast. on the shaft or spindle 28 by means
70 of a suitable pin or the like 32 which permits re
moval of the handle. The crank-acting disc 3|
may be made fast on the shaft by any suitable
means such as a pin 33 and is formed at its‘
periphery to afford suitable spaced stops 34 and
75 35 which cooperate with a spring 36 to resiliently
the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2 to the posi
it will be noted, the links 39 are in their dead
center positions, wherein they are substantially
capable of resisting retracting pressure of the 15
springs 25 unaided. However, such tendency as
may exist to automatically return the extended
parts to their retracted position under the action
of the springs 25 will further be resisted by the
spring 36, which now resiliently engages the stop 20
34.
Longitudinally slidably interlocked to the front
longitudinal edge of the extensible and retrac
table rail 24 by interlocking ?ange and channel
engagement at 38, see particularly Fig. 6, is a 2,5
bar 39, which bar 39 carries, through the medium
of a stud pin 49, a similar bar 4|. The stud pin
40 is screw-threaded into the bar 4| and works
in the bar 39 for free axial sliding movements and
for free rocking movements in the plane of the 30
bottom ll of the galley. The bar 4| is normally
spaced from the bar 39, as shown in Figs. 1, 2
and 7 for example, and is limited against further
movement away from the bar 39 by engagement
of the head 42 of the stud pin 40 with a shoulder 35
formed by reducing the pin-receiving bore through
the bar 39 to provide a relatively narrow guide
collar 43 for the pin_ 49. There is enough clear
ance between the collar 43 and the pin 40 to per
mit the above described rocking action of the 40
bar 4| in respect to the bar 39, and, of course,
there also must be su?icient clearance between
the head 42 of the pin and the sides of the en
larged portion of the bore to permit of such rock
ing action.
45
Interposed between the bars 39 and 4| near op
posite sides thereof and at points equally spaced
from the stud pin 49 is a pair of like compression
springs 44 that maintain the bars 39 and 4| nor
mally spaced apart the maximum distance per 50
mitted by the head 42 of the stud pin. These
springs 44 are seated at their opposite ends in op
posed socket-forming recesses in the opposed
bars 39 and 4|. To prevent vertical wobbling
of the bar 39 and any tendency of said bar 4| to 55
rotate on its axis, the bar 39 is provided at its
opposite ends with rearwardly extended guide
tongues 45 that work slidably in slots or grooves
49 in the bar 4 |. As will be seen, particularly by
reference to Fig. '7, there is su?icient clearance 60
between the tongues 45 and the bottom of the
grooves 46 to permit the desired free wobbling
or oscillating action of the bar 4! with respect to
the bar 39 in the direction of a plane of the base
of the galley about the axis formed by engage 65
ment of the stud pin 49 with the shoulder 43 of
the bar 39.
Slidably interlocked to the front side of the bar
4| by ?ange and channel engagement in the
same manner as the bar 39 is slidably engaged 70
by primary rail 24, is a secondary rail 41. This
secondary rail 41 slidably engages the galley rail
| 4 and is preferably rounded at its galley-rail
engaging end to permit free pivot oscillation
thereof with the bar 4 |. At their outer or right 75
3:
2,131,761
all type form'length ‘and squareness‘may' be‘ -
hand. ends the‘ ‘primary andpsecondary rails 24‘
and‘ 41. are tied together for limited movements
longitudinally} of, the galley and for limitedoscil
latory movements of the type described by a ‘pair
readily detected by the operator. To complete
this indicator a dial plate 63 issecured to the
which is provided with screws or the like 5|? that
work loosely in slotv 5|v in the latter link. I These
bar‘ 3?: by screws or the like64 and slidably over
laps the upper face of the bar 4|; and co-operat
ing with horizontal calibrations on this dial plate
are opposed like pointers 65, each of which ‘are
screwi-threaded'and slot-equipped links 48 and
49 ‘preventIlatei-al shifting of the'secondary rail
pivoted at their ends to an opposite end portion
of the bar 39 at‘ E6, and each of which pointers
of overlapping links 48 and“, the former of
' as is intermediately pivotally‘ connected by means 10
10 41' with respect to the primary rail 24 and pre
vent accidental displacement of the bars M and
39 by‘alongitudinal‘ sliding action, ‘but it 'is'im
portant to note that there ‘is suflicient clearance
between'the heads of the screws 50 and the outer
15 surface of the link 49 to permit the desired oscil
latory action of the secondary rail 41 and itsim
‘
mediately‘associated’bar
4|.
~
I
.
hereinafter be. respectively referred to as primary
20 and secondary pressure ‘rails; and the bars :39
and“, 1vsincetogether they form’ a cross-head,
may hereinafter be referred to collectively as a
split?crosshead;-? and singularly as the‘ sections of
a
crosshead.
'‘
’
>
of with the stop dog, for operations of compressing 15
and measuring a type form group or page, there is
provided any automatic lock mechanism 68 which
I
_ 21 The primaryand secondary rails 24 and 4i? may
'
'
For adjustably limiting forward movements of
the carriage-acting frame 20 there is provided an
.25
In order to positively lock the carriage-acting
frame and certain of its associated parts, in a
desired position determined by engagement there
adjustable. stop device-‘52; I This stop. device 52
ismoved ‘into operative position automatically
by initial projecting movements of the primary
rail 24 through manipulation of the handle 21 20
and its associated linkage'including the bell cranks
29, and ‘which lock is automatically released‘u‘nder
?nal retracting movements of said‘rail 24. This“
‘automatic lock mechanism 68 consists of pivoted
latch arm 69- ‘carrying at its free end, pins ‘Ill for 25'
engagement with apertures 54 of the galley rail
Hi, a slide ‘ll that is operatively coupled‘ to- and
moved with one of the push‘ rods 25, and a link
‘l2 ‘operatively coupling the latch arm 69 and slide
30 with a springpressed manually. retractable stop 7 ‘H. The latch arm 69 is pivotally anchored to the 30
pin‘ 53' that‘is projectable into any one of a long bottom‘ of the carriage-acting frame 28 at 13 and
has longitudinal sliding lateraliinterlocking- en
gagernent withfthe‘ galley rail id, and is ‘provided
series of pin-receiving apertures 54 in the galley . ' is provided near its free end with a cam surface
rail I4.’ The said'longitudinal sliding lateral in
terlocking engagement between the stop ‘device
35 E'Zland ‘galley rail I4 is afforded by engagement of
an L-shaped keeper lug 55 that works sli'dably in
‘_ an' L-s‘haped groovewayll’o extending longitudi
‘Hi that is engaged by a rounded type end of the
slide v‘ll ‘to move the lock pins 10 into operative
engagement with the perforations in the galley 35
rail l4.v The slide 7| is held against lateral move-'‘
ments ‘and guided for true longitudinalsliding
nally of the galley rail l4‘ and formed partially > movements by projecting stops ‘l5 and ‘i6, and its
operative engagement with the adjacent push
therein and completed by the rigidly'but remov
ably secured horizontal‘flange |l=thereof. The ‘rods 25 is affected by engagement of spaced lugs Ti 40
stop device 521s engaged by the down-turned and 18 on said slide with opposite sides of the
portion ofthe carriage frame coverplate iii to collar 26 of said adjacent push rods. It will be
limit vforward movements of the latter and is pro; obvious that under projecting movements of push
rods 25 and primary rail 'Mthat the slide ‘M will
‘vidé'd latiitsupper surface with an inwardly p'ro
4.0
jectingipointer 51 that works over the surface
of the “scale l9 and co-‘operates with said scale
to ‘indicate the proper'position for setting. the
stop‘ for ‘any desired type-form-page; length.
frame‘ against sliding ‘movement.’ By reference
now to Figs. 2 and 3 it will be seen that the‘ link
the sliding ‘stop device 52 is ‘adjusted vertically
with the-stop pin retracted until the pointer 57
is oppositer'thescale calibration, indicating the
desired type-page length ‘and then is locked in
that position by releasing the stop pin 53 andlperé
mitting'the same‘ to project into an alinedaper
tu‘re in the galley rail I4. For purposes herein
after made clear, the stop device 52 is provided
60 with‘ a spring retracted push pin 58 that is so po
‘sitionedi'withgrespect to the lock pin 53 that it
e
cause "projection of the latch pins '16 into alined
apertures 54,‘ thereby locking the carriageéacting
Since‘the scale I9 is calibrated in pica measure
50 ments, the stop pin-receiving apertures in‘ the
galley rail|41 are 'spacedrone pica apart. . In use
55
ride over the cam surface ‘ill of the latch arm and
lZ‘is ‘piyotally anchored to the latch armJiQ and, 50.
is loosely coupled to the slide 1| by slot and pin
connection at 'l?hso that under ?nal retracting
movements of the slide, the link 12 will be brought
into action’ to- withdraw the latch arm ‘and its
pins ‘ill from a locked position to a normal or in
As a means for automatically taking up any
slack Which'may exist between the galley rail I4
and the engaged carriage-acting frame 20 and
its cover plate 2| and thereby positively mainev
taining the said carriage-acting frame Zllelnd pri-v
will always‘ybe;alined-withone of the'galley rail _mary rail_2£l against wobbling action and in pre
apertures 54'when the stop pin is operatively ene determined square, with respect to the galley
gagedvwith ‘another thereof; ‘This push pin 58 under pressure, theslide ‘H is provided with a
works in a guide sleeve Y59 and is provided with a rearwardly extending portion 3?! that works slid
projecting ?nger‘ piece 60 that works through a ably through the rear flange of the carriage frame
slot‘ 6| in the guide sleeve. Retracting move— 26 and against the inner face of the galley rail
ments of the push pinunder action of its spring l4», and wlrn'ch is provided with a wedge-acting
cam surface 8| for co-operating with the similarly
p
‘
As will hereinafter be made clear, the bars 39 shaped cam surface 32*011 the rear flange ofthe
and 4| together with their co-operating springs frame 23. Under extension of the push‘ rods 25,
primary rail 24 and slide ‘H, the wedge-acting
44, besidesserving as a means for applying yield
ing pressure to a vset-up type form, serve also as 7 Cam surface 8| is brought into tight wedging en
part‘ of a" laterally shiftable indicating device, ‘ gagementwith its co-operatingcam surface 32,
and'this wedge-acting engagement takes up any
15. by means of Whichi'the truenessorerror in over;
are‘limited by a 'suitableprojection 62.
70
55
operative position.
65
4
2,131,761
slack which may exist, and a certain amount of
which slack is essential in order to permit free
sliding action of the carriage-acting frame, and
holds the carriage-acting frame against twisting
action when put under pressure.
-
As previously indicated, this invention further
provides novel devices for tying up built and
trued-up type page forms in a transportable unit,
and these devices are in the nature of spring clips
83 which may be applied directly to the type or
used in connection with co-operating Monotype
slugs 84, as conditions or results may demand.
The spring clips 83 are preferably formed from
?at bands of spring steel and are provided at
opposite ends with inturned, preferably reversely
curved tongues 85.
The spring clips 83 will be
made up in various different lengths for use in
connection with type page forms of different
lengths, and the tongues 85 thereof may be forced
20 over the outer edges of opposite ends of a type
form page, being applied directly to the end type
so as to keep the assembled type tightly pressed
together, or, if the type page form is made up of
Monotype or a plurality of columns of Linotype,
then the Monotype slugs, cut to lengths equaling
that of the type page form, will be applied across
opposite ends of the type page form, and the
tongues 85 of the retaining clips applied to the
ends of the Monotype slugs. The Monotype slugs,
30 as is well known, are provided with longitudinal
channels 86. The tongues 85 of the spring clips
are preferably reduced in width by equal or slight
ly less than the width of the bottom of these
Monotype grooves or channels 86, and the tongues
> 85 are preferably applied in the grooves of the
Monotype slugs, as illustrated in the drawings.
In this connection it is important to note that the
channels in the Monotype slugs are of greater
depth than that of the reversely curved spring
40
clip tongues.
'
In the absence of the above described special
galleyand toolcombination, these clips may be ad
vantageously employed to quickly tie-up type page
forms built and measured up in accordance with
the old practice, in which case the type would be
compressed by hand while the spring clips were
snapped over the ends of the form, but, as will
hereinafter be seen, these clip devices are very
advantageously used in connection with the
50 heretofore described galley and tool.
The type form pages illustrated in the draw
ings each comprise two longitudinally extended
columns of Linotype, each type row or line be
ing indicated by 81 and are bound together by
55 Monotype slugs 84 applied across the ends of the
double column of type and maintained under
tension to compress the type therebetween by
means of a pair of the spring retaining clips 83.
This manner of tying up the type page forms is
60 not only much faster than is tying up with twine,
as is conventional practice today, but has the
further advantage that the clips and slugs need
not be removed for the lock-up process and
printing operations but may be left applied to
the type during these operations so that they
may be removed from the printing-press frame
later and stored away in a unit without requir
ing untying at the time that they are locked up
and retying after the printing operation. Due to
the normal clearance existing between the ends
of the clips 83 and the extreme outer surfaces of
the Monotype slugs, the type page forms thus
bound up can be subjected to substantially any
degree of longitudinal pressure in the lock-up
755? process without causing or tending to cause
buckling of the spring clips. Of course, if the
spring clips are to be passed through the lock-up
printing process, the lock-up operator must know
and make allowance for the thickness of the
spring clips, which will be a de?nite known
measurement.
For use of the improved galley and co-operating
tool, in connection with the spring tie clips, the
forward end portion of the galley rail I4 is pro
vided with a tapered surface 88 that terminates 10
at the innermost edge of the galley rail l2. At
the point of junction of this tapering portion of
the galley rail M with. the galley rail l2, the
galley rail I4 is of a thickness just enough less
than the width of the galley rail ?ange I‘! to allow '
for the thickness of a spring clip 83 being inter
posed between the thickest portion of said galley
rail and the type lined up against the inner edge
of the‘ ?ange l1. Applied in the channel of the
galley rail I2, normally having its free end 20
pressed against the end of the tapered portion
88 of the galley rail I 4, is a leaf spring“ that is
securely anchored to the galley rail l2 by a
rivet 90.
7
Operation
25
The operation of the entire apparatus, includ
ing the spring clips, will now be described.
If it is desired, as in accordance with the
present example, to build up a type form page 30
consisting of two columns of Linotype, a Mono
type slug 84 is ?rst placed in the lower left-hand
corner of the galley with its channeled side
against the galley rail l2 and its left-hand edge
against the ?ange I‘! of the galley rail l2, with 35
a spring clip 83 positioned as, for example, in
Figs. 2 or 3, wherein the main body of the clip
underlies the ?ange H and the tongue thereof,
at its forward end, is interposed in the channel 86
of the applied Monotype slug 84. In this po
sition the spring 89 maintains the forward
tongue of the spring clip 83 in engagement with
the base of the Monotype slug channel.
During the process ofbuilding up the type
page form to its approximate dimensions, the 45
carriage~acting frame and its associated parts,
which are carried thereby, are slid back toward
the rear of the galley where they are entirely
out of the way. However, before starting the
make-up process, the adjustable stop 52 will be 50
set so that its pointer 51 registers with the cali
bration of scale l9 indicating the desired page
length plus the thickness of the Monotype slugs
84 when such are used. Hence, if it is desired to
build up a type form page which is 29 picas in 555
length, the pointer 51 should be set at 31 pica
calibration so as to allow for the thickness of two
Monotype slugs, each of which have a thickness
of one pica.
With one Monotype slug and clip 83 positioned 60
as above described, the column or columns of
type are built up to the approximate desired page
length, and then a Monotype slug 84 is applied
across the rear end of the type form page, as
indicated in the drawings.v The column of type 65
adjacent the ?ange I‘! of the galley is built up
in contact with the inner edge of said ?ange, and
the light pressure exerted by the lower type of
column-against the lower inner end portion of
the ?rst applied spring clip 83 tends to force the
upper end of said ‘clip back against the inner face
of the galley rail l4 so that the upper tongue
thereof is automatically maintained out of the
way during the build-up process.
75
5
2,131,761
Now to make a“ quick check .of the overall
length and squareness of the build-up type form
page, ‘the operator will, by forwardly pressing on
upper end ‘of the left-hand spring clip 83 with .
sufficient pressure to cause engagement of the
upper tongue thereof with the base of the chan
the handle 21, draw the carriage-acting frame 20 _ nel in the Monotype slug 84.. This done, the
"10
forwardly against the stop device 52, after which
right-hand clip 83 is pressed on manually, and
he will rotate the handle 21 approximately ‘180°
in a clockwise direction, thereby extending the
push rods 25‘and primary rail 24 from their
inner extreme positions, shown in Figs. 1 and 2,
to their maximum extended positions, shown in
with a type held under relatively great pressure,
it is not difficult to spring the tongues of the clip
over the edges of the slug. The type form page
Fig. ,3, in which latter position they will remain
locked against accidental withdrawal. The dis
tance of extension of the primary rail 24 is
greater‘ than the distance between the approxi
15 mately sized type page form and the secondary
rail“, and therefore the secondary rail ill will
be‘brought into contact withthe rear end of the
type page form'before the primary rail as has
reached its extreme extended position, with the
20 result that further extension of the rail from this
point results in compression of the springs 44,
which,=acting through the bar ‘ii ‘and secondary
rail 41, will place the type under pressure. It
should here be stated, however, that the complete
as unit, consisting of bars 39 and M» and elements
carried thereby, is- laterally shifted’ so that it is
inline with the transverse center of the type
page form before this pressure operation is
started; For the purpose of this centering of the
transversely adjustable pressure and measuring
unit, there is provided a center mark 9! on the
cover plate'92 -of this unit, which cover plate,
incidentally, is anchored to the bar 39 by screws
93, overlaps the bar 4! and is provided with a
as
sight opening 94."
‘
,
'
‘ The continued forward movement of. the pri
mary rail‘24 and bar 39 after the secondary rail
41‘ and bar 4! have come to a stop, ‘against the
action of, the springs 44, ‘causes an upward move
ment of the free ends of the pointers 65 over the
(ac-operating scale 63; and if the type page form
is of the desired length and squareness, this will
be indicatedby the position of both pointers over
‘the navy center scale calibration .of the indicator,
indicated by zero. If the page be too short but
‘square, thevpointers will indicate this'position
and the extent thereof. If the page be too long
but square, this condition and the extent thereof
‘will be1 indicated ‘by a position of the pointers
above the zero line. If, either column of type is
‘longer or shorter than the other, this condition
will beiindi‘cated by the pointer on that side of
In this way the operator can
quickly determine the. error in length or square
r the instrument.
ness, and then, by quick counter-clockwise turn
of the handle 27, can release the type" unit from
pressure ‘and insert or remove shims from be
tween the type to compensate for the error, and
thenpiby another quick turn of the handle, he
can get a re-check on the trueness of the form.
This process can, of course, be repeated until the
desired degree of accuracy‘ can be’ returned, and
such indications of true size and squareness as
are read on the indicator are taken under suffi
cient pressure and under evenly distributed pres
sure, so that the type page unit will also measure
up tru‘e'when subject to relatively great pressure
exerted thereon during the lock-up process. '
I‘ When the type page'unit is iinallyisquared up»,
‘the spring clips 83 are applied while the type is
still subject to, pressure.
The front end of the
‘left-hand clip, vbeing already applied at its for
ward end, is forced into‘ operation position at its
‘rear end» by‘ manipulation of. the spring-retracted
plunger 58,.which is pressed inwardly against the
unit can now be released from pressure and
transported to the lock-upframe.
-
In the measuring up of the length'and trueness
of either a single or double column group of type,
the indicator is placed in the‘transverse center
or‘ the type unit, but if more than two, three. for
example,'columns of type are to besquaredv up by 15
means of the instrument, two columns should
?rst be built up and squared up in the manner
described, and then the third column should be
built up. and squared to the previously built-up
two columns by moving the indicator mechanism 20
to center between the- two previously built-up
and last built-up'column. The front face of the
secondary rail 47 is channelled'in the same man
ner as the galley rail I2 so as to receive the
tongues of the spring clips when said spring clips 25
are applied directly to the end type of the ‘group.
What I claim is:
.
1. In apparatus of the kind described the com
bination with-a galley consisting of a flat rec-‘
tangular working surface provided at its front
and one longitudinal edge with an upstanding
flange, of a carriage laterally interlocked to the
said longitudinal galley ?ange and guided ‘thereby
for true longitudinal sliding movements over the
surface of said galley, means for locking the car 35
riage against longitudinal sliding movements, a
member carried by the carriage for extending and
retracting ‘movements in respect thereto and
longitudinally of the galley, a work-engaging
member carried by the said extensible and re .40
tractable member in forwardly spaced relation
thereto through the medium of a yielding con
nection, and means for extending and retracting
the said extensible and retractable member and
retaining the same against accidental displace 45
ment from extended and retracted positions.
‘2. The structure de?ned in claim 1 in which
the said work-engaging member presents a trans
versely straight’surface adapted to be brought
into engagement with a type form built up there 50.
between and the front galley ?ange and. in which
the said yielding connection between the work
engaging member and the said extensible and
retractable member permits further extending
movements of the extensible and retractable V55
member longitudinally of the galley after the
work-engaging member has come to a stop
against one end of a type form and permits piv
otal oscillatory movements of the work-engaging
member in respect to the said extensible and 60
retractable member.
'
3. In apparatus of the kind described the com
bination with a galley consisting of a ?at rec
tangular working surface provided at its front
and one longitudinal edge with upstanding rail 65
like ?anges, of a carriage laterally interlocked
to the longitudinal galleyrail and guided thereby
for longitudinal sliding movements over the work
ing surface of the galley, means for locking said
carriage against longitudinal sliding movement
in different adjusted positions, primary and sec
ondary pressure rails extending in substantially
parallel spaced relation transversely of the galley,
the said primary pressure rail being carried by
the said carriageifor extending and retracting 75
6
2,131,761
movements in respect thereto longitudinally of
the galley, and the said secondary pressure rail
being carried by the primary rail through the
slidable therebetween longitudinally thereof, said
crosshead comprising opposed substantially par
‘medium of a connection that is yieldable in the
ments of the crosshead sections and permitting
limited pivoted oscillatory movements one thereof
with respect to the other in a plane parallel to
direction of the plane of the working surface of
the galley, and means for extending and retract
ing the primary pressure rail and maintaining
the same against accidental displacement from its
extended or retracted positions.
10
4. The structure de?ned in claim 3 in which
the said yieldable connection between the pri
mary and secondary pressure rails is slidably
shiftable longitudinally of said primary and sec
ondary rails and transversely of the galley.
15
5. The structure de?ned in claim 3 in which
the said yieldable connection between the pri
mary and secondary pressure rails is slidably
shiftable longitudinally of said primary and sec
ondary rails and transversely of the galley, and
20 means for indicating the space between the said
primary
point of
and the
primary
25
and secondary members at the center
said yieldable connection therebetween
angular relation existing between said
and secondary members.
6. The structure de?ned in claim 3 in which
said yieldable connection between the primary
and secondary pressure rails comprises a cross
head mounted between said primary and sec-A
ondary pressure rails for sliding movements lon
'30 gitudinally thereof transversely of the galley, said
crosshead being split longitudinally of the primary
and secndary pressure rails to afford spaced
parallel sections, yielding means maintaining the
opposite sections of the crosshead under pressure
35 to separate, and means for limiting separating
movements of the crosshead sections and aiford
ing a pivot point about which said sections are
free to oscillate in a plane parallel to the working
surface of the galley.
40
'
7. The structure de?ned in claim 3 in which
said yieldable connection between the primary
and secondary pressure rails comprises a cross
head mounted between said primary and sec
ondary pressure rails for sliding movements lon
45 gitudinally thereof transversely of the galley,
said crosshead being split longitudinally of the
primary and secondary pressure rails to afford
spaced parallel sections, yielding means maintain
ing the opposite sections of the crosshead under
pressure to separate, means for limiting separat
ing movements of the crosshead sections and af
fording a pivot point about which said sections
are free to oscillate in a plane parallel to the
working surface of the galley, and in further
combination with means for indicating the spaced
and relative angular positions of said crosshead
sections, one with respect to the other.
8. In apparatus of the kind described the com
bination with a galley consisting of a ?at rec
tangular working surface provided at its front
and one longitudinal edge with upstanding rail
like ?anges, of a carriage laterally interlocked to
the longitudinal galley rail and guided thereby
for longitudinal sliding movements over the work
65 ing surface of the galley, means for locking said
carriage against longitudinal sliding movement in
different adjusted positions, primary and sec
ondary pressure rails extending in substantially
parallel spaced relation transversely of the galley,
the said primary pressure rail being carried by
the said carriage for extending and retracting
movements in respect thereto longitudinally of
the‘ galley, and said primary and secondary
pressure rails being connected through the medi
75 um of an interposed crosshead that is adjustably
allel sections, means limiting separating move
the working surface of the galley, compression
spring means normally maintaining the crosshead
sections at a point of maximum separation, and
a pair‘ of indicating pointers pivoted to a common 10
one of the crosshead sections at spaced points,
and links connecting each pointer to the opposite
of said crosshead sections.
9. The structure de?ned in claim 8 in which
the said pointers are arranged in opposed rela 15
tion and are pivotally anchored to the common
crosshead section at points equally spaced from
the axis of pivotal oscillation of that crosshead
section.
10. The structure de?ned in claim 8 in further 20
combination with means for simultaneously ex
tending the said pressure rails and actuating the
said carriage-locking means to lock the carriage.
11. The structure de?ned in claim 8 in which
the said carriage-locking means includes a longi 25
tudinally spaced series of apertures in the said
longitudinally guided rail of the galley, and co
operating lock pins carried by the said carriage
and extendable into and retractable from the said
galley rail apertures.
30
12. The structure de?ned in claim 8 in which
the said carriage-locking means includes a longi
tudinally spaced series of apertures in the said
longitudinally guided rail of the galley, co-operat~
ing lock pins carried by the said carriage and ex
tendable into and retractable from the said galley
rail apertures, and in further combination with
means for simultaneously extending the said pres
sure rails and projecting said lock pins into guide
rail apertures positioned opposite the same.
40
13. The structure de?ned in claim 8 in which
the said carriage-locking means includes a lon
gitudinally spaced series of apertures in the said
longitudinally guided rail of the galley, 00,operating lock pins carried by the said carriage
and extendable into and retractable from the said
galley rail apertures, in further combination with
means for simultaneously extending the said
pressure rails and projecting said lock pins into
guide rail apertures positioned opposite the same, 50
and means automatically operative under extend
ing movements of the pressure rails and simul
taneous locking of the carriage to take up any
clearance which may exist between the carriage
and interlocked galley rail.
7
14. The structure de?ned in claim 8 in which
the said carriage-locking means includes a lon
55
gitudinally spaced series of apertures in the
said longitudinally guided rail of the galley, co
operating lock pins carried by the said carriage 60
and eXtendable into and retractable from the
said galley. rail apertures, in further combination
with an adjustable carriage-engaging stop on the
longitudinal galley rail.
-_
15. The structure de?ned in claim 8 in which
the said carriage-locking means including a lon
gitudinally spaced series of apertures in the said
longitudinally guided rail of the galley, co-op
erating lock pins carried by the said carriage and
extendable into and retractable from the said 10
galley rail apertures, in further combination with
an adjustable carriage-engaging stop on the lon
gitudinal galley rail, said stop comprising a mem
ber laterally interlocked to the galley rail and
slidable longitudinally thereof, and a spring
2,131,761
pressed- stoplpin‘ carriedby said member and
adapted to interlock with the‘ spaced apertures in
said'galley;
"
l
,
'
V
l
'
'16. In vapparatus of the kind described the
combination‘ with, a galley consisting» of a ?at
rectangular: ‘working surface provided at one
longitudinal edg‘e'with an upstanding rail-acting
flange; of a carriage laterally interlocked to‘ the
said longitudinal‘galley rail and guided thereby
‘ :10 for true longitudinal sliding movements over the
surface of said galley, means for locking the said
carriage > against longitudinal sliding movement,
‘ a member carried bythe carriage for longitudinal
extending'andl retracting movements in respect
15 thereto longitudinally .of, the galley, s'aid- mem
ber ‘ presenting‘ , ‘a straight
surface
‘extending
transversely over‘ the bottom of the galley at a
right angle to ‘the saidilongitudin'al‘galleyv rail,
and? means for-extending and retracting» said
20' member and retaining the same in its extended or
retracted positions against accidental movement,
and operating connection between said carriage
locking means and‘sai'd means for extending and
retracting the extensible and retractable member
25 for'automatically moving the ‘carriage locking
means» to locked position under extending move
ments of said ‘means for‘ extending and retracting
the extensible and retractable member and auto
materially unlocking the‘ same under retracting
movements of said-liast'named means.
1
‘1'7. In apparatus“ of the ‘kind described the
surface, of a carriage, means guiding said, car
riage for straight line sliding. movements over
said working surface and locking the same against
angular movements in respect to such straight
line, means for locking the carriage in an ad
15
.J'usted position against straight line sliding move
ments, a member carried by the carriage for ex
tending and retracting movements in, respect
thereto in the line of movement of the carriage,
a. ‘work-engaging member carried by the ex
tensible and retractablev member in forwardly
spaced relation thereto through the medium of a
yielding connection, and operating means for ex
tending and retracting the said extensible and re
tractable member.
21. The structure de?ned in claim 20 in which
the said work-engaging member presents a trans
versely straight surface adapted to be brought
w
into engagement with a type form built up‘ there- ‘
between and the front galley ?ange and in which
the said yielding connection, between the‘ work,
engaging member and the said extensible and
retractable member permits further extending
movements of the extensible and retractable
member longitudinally of the galley after the
work-engaging member has come to a stop
against one end of a type form and permits
pivotal oscillatory movements of the work-en
gaging member in respect to the said extensible
and retractable member.
22'. In apparatus of the kind described the
combination iof-‘Ia‘ ‘flat rectangular working sur ‘combination with a galley consisting of a ?at
face,.‘ a carriage‘ ‘laterally interlocked to the angular working surface provided at its front
workin'g'surfac‘e', carriage adapted tov work over
said working surface, means for guiding said car
riagelfor true" straight linev movements in one
direction over‘said working surface and locking
the same-against‘ angular movements with re
spect to such-a- straight line, a member carriedby
the‘ carriagefor extending and retracting move
‘ ments? in§ifespect to the carriage and in the di
rection-lof theL movement of the carriage, means
for'ext'ending-iand‘ retracting said extensible and
retractable member, and means for automatically
at Iockin‘g'the carriage against movement in respect
to thelworki-ng surface under extending move
ment' of said extensible and retractable member
and5 for automatically unlocking said carriage
under retracting ’movement of said extensible
to
and retractable member.
l
‘ 18.- Int apparatus of the kind’described the com
bination with means providing a ?at-working sur
face, of acarriage adapted ‘to be- moved in a
straightvllineoverl the working surface, means‘ for
guiding said carriage for true‘ straight line slid
ing movements over the said working surface, a
work engaging member carried by the carriage
for longitudinal‘ extending ‘and retracting‘ move
ments in- respect" thereto in the plane of the ‘work
00 ing surface and in- the direction of sliding move
ment, of said‘ carriage, operating means for ex—
tending? and retracting said work-engaging mem
ber; and'means 'operatively connected to said op
eratingmeans for automatically'locking said car
(ill ria'ge against sliding movement with respectvto
the working surface as a result of extending
movement of said operating means and auto
matically‘ unlocking said carriage under retract
ingii movement of "said: operating- means.
portion with an upstanding rail-like ?ange, of
a carriage guided for straight line movements
only over the working surface of the galley in a
direction transversely of said rail-like flange,
means for locking the carriage against acciden
tal sliding movement in different adjusted posi-'
tions‘, a pressure rail carried by said carriage in
substantially ‘parallel’ relation to the said rail
like galley ?ange, means for extending and re
tracting said pressure rail with‘ respect to the
carriage, a work-engaging member spaced from
the pressure rail in. the direction of the galley
?ange and adapted ,to engage work interposed
therebetween and‘ the galley ?ange at laterally‘
spaced points, and‘ a yielding connection between
said pressure rail and work-engaging member‘
that is yieldable in the direction of the plane of 56
the working surface of the galley.
23. In apparatus of the kind described the
combination with’ a galley consisting, of a ?at
angular working surface provided at its front
portion with an upstanding rail-like flange, of ‘
a carriage guided for straight line movements
only over the working surface of the galley in a
direction‘ transversely of said rail~like ?ange,
means for locking the carriage against acciden
tal sliding movement in different adjusted posi (ii)
tions, a pressure rail carried by said carriage in
substantially parallel relation, to the said rail-'
like galley ?ange, means for extending and re
tracting said pressure rail with respect to’ the
carriage, a work-engaging member‘ spaced from "
the‘ pressure rail in the direction of the galley
flange and adapted to‘ engage work interposed
therebetween and the galley flange at laterally
spaced points, and a yielding connection‘ be
tween said pressure rail- and work-engaging
member that is yieldable, in the direction of: the
the carriage through ‘thei'medium of a yielding ,_ plane ‘of the‘working- surface of the galley, and
means for maintaining the pressure rail‘ against
' 203‘In iapparat'us of the: kind'described the
accidental displacement from extended‘ and re
‘ l-9l The structure‘ de?ned inclaim'l’8 in which
the: said“ work-engaging ,memberis carried by
connectionri
‘
‘
‘
'
'
Y
combinatiemwithl means affording-Ya ?at working
tracted' positions.
8
2,131,761
24.' The structure de?ned in claim 22 in which
the said yieldable connection between the pres
sure rail and work-engaging member is slidably
shiftable with respect to the said pressure rail
in a direction transversely of the line of extend
ing and retracting movements of said rail.
25. The structure de?ned in claim 22 in which
the said yieldable connection between the pres
surerail and work-engaging member is slidably
10 shiftable with respect to the said pressure rail in
a direction transversely of the line of extending
and retracting movements of said rail, and means
for indicating the space between the said pres
sure rail and the work-engaging member at the
15 center point of said yieldable connection there
between and the angular relation existing be
tween said pressure rail and work-engaging
member.
26. In apparatus of the kind described the
20 combination with means affording a ?at working
surface, of a carriage, means guiding said car
riage for straight line sliding movements over
said working surface and locking the same
against angular movements in respect to such
straight line, means for locking the carriage in
an adjusted position against straight line sliding
movements, a member carried by the carriage for
extending and retracting movements in respect
thereto in the line of movement of the carriage,
a work-engaging member carried by the extensi
ble and retractable member in forwardly spaced
relation thereto through the medium of a yield
ing connection, and operating means for extend
ing and retracting the said extensible and re
tractable member, and indicating means respon
sive to movement between the work-engaging
member and the said carriage carried extensible
and retractable member.
27. In apparatus of the kind described the
combination with means affording a ?at working
surface, of a carriage, means guiding said car
riage for straight line sliding movements over
said working surface and locking the same
against angular movements in respect to such
otal oscillatory movements of the work-engaging
member in respect to the said extensible and re
tractable member, and in further combination
with indicating means responsive to. movement
between the work engaging member and said 6
carriage carried extensible and retractable mem
her for indicating the space and angular rela
tion existing between said last noted members.
29. In apparatus of the kind described the
combination with a galley consisting of a ?at
angular working surface provided at its front
portion with an upstanding rail-like ?ange, of
a carriage guided for straight line movements
only over the working surface of the galley in
a direction transversely of said rail-like ?ange,
means for locking the carriage against accidental
sliding movement in different adjusted posi
tions, a pressure rail carried by said carriage in
substantially parallel relation to the said rail
like galley ?ange, means for extending and re 20
tracting said pressure rail with respect to the
carriage, a work-engaging member spaced from
the pressure rail in the direction of the galley
?ange and adapted to engage work interposed
therebetween and the galley ?ange at laterally
spaced points, a yielding connection between said
pressure rail‘ and work-engaging member that is
yieldable in the direction of the plane of the
working surface of the galley, and indicating
means responsive to movement between said work
engaging member and pressure rail.
30. In apparatus of the kind described the
combination with a galley consisting of a ?at
angular working surface provided at its front
portion with an upstanding rail-like ?ange, of a
carriage guided for straight line movements only
over the working surface of the galley in a di
rection transversely of said rail-like ?ange, means
for locking the carriage against accidental slid
ing movement in different adjusted positions, a
pressure rail carried by said carriage in sub
stantially parallel relation to the said rail-like
galley ?ange, means for extending and retract
ing said pressure rail with respect to the carriage,
an adjusted position against straight line sliding
a work-engaging member spaced from the pres 45
sure rail in the direction of the galley ?ange and
movements, a member carried by the carriage for
extending and retracting movements in respect
adapted to engage work interposed therebetween
and the galley ?ange at laterally'spaced points,
45 straight line, means for locking the carriage in
thereto in the line of movement of the carriage,
50 a work-engaging member carried by the extensi
ble and retractable member in forwardly spaced
relation thereto through the medium of a yield
ing connection, and operating means for extend
ing and retracting the said extensible and re
55 tractable member, and indicating means respon
sive to movement between the work-engaging
member and the said carriage carried extensible
and retractable member for indicating the space
between the work-engaging surface of the work
60 engaging member and the said carriage carried
extensible and retractable member under differ
ent stages of compression of said yielding con
nection.
28. The structure de?ned in claim 20 in which
65 the said work-engaging member presents a trans
a yielding connection between said pressure rail
and work-engaging member that is yieldable in 50
the direction of the plane of the working surface
of the galley, and means for maintaining the
pressure rail against accidental displacement
from extended and retracted positions, and indi
cating means responsive to movement between 55
said work engaging member and pressure rail.
31. In apparatus of the kind described the
combination with a galley consisting of a ?at
angular working surface provided at its front
portion with an upstanding rail-like ?ange, of 'a 60
carriage guided for straight line movements only
over the working surface of the galley in a di
rection transversely of said rail-like ?ange,
means for locking the carriage against accidental
sliding movement in different adjusted positions, 65
versely straight surface adapted to be brought a pressure rail carried by said carriage in sub
stantially parallel relation to the said rail-like
into engagement with a type form built up there
between and the front galley ?ange and in which galley ?ange, means for extending and retracting
said pressure rail with respect to the carriage,
the said yielding connection between the work
70 engaging member and the said extensible and a work-engaging member spaced from the pres 70
retractable member permits further extending sure rail in the direction of the galley ?ange and
movements of the extensible and retractable adapted to engage Work interposed therebetween
member longitudinally of the galley after the and the galley ?ange at laterally spaced points,
work-engaging member has come to a stop
76 against one end of a type form and permits piv
and a yielding connection between said pressure
rail and work-engaging member that is yieldable j‘
2,131,761
in the direction of the plane of the'working sur
face of the galley, and means for maintaining
the pressure rail against accidental displacement
from extended and retracted positions, and in
dicating means responsive'to movement between
said work engaging member and pressure rail,
-
9
said yielding connection and indicating means
to be adjustably shift-able with respect to the
pressure rail in the direction transversely of the
line of extending and retracting movement of
said rail.
'
'
CLARENCE L. SELF.
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