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Патент USA US2131988

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Get‘, 4, 1938.
Filed Aug. 10, 1934
Patented Oct. 4, 1938
2,131,988 '
Waitstill H; Swenarton, Montclair, N. J.
Application August 10, 1934, Serial No. 739,244
8 Claims.
This invention relates to the sealing of bottles
so as to insure that the liquid or solid contents
(01. ‘215-7)
scription and drawing forming apart thereof, in
of the original package as introduced into the
The figure shown is a fragmentary, vertical
bottle by the manufacturer cannot, without de
section of a bottle equipped with a spout show
"5 tection, be surreptitiously tampered with or re
ing the manner of permanently securing such
placed by spurious or counterfeit ingredients prior spout thereto.
to delivery to the ultimate consumer and has for
' In the drawing I have illustrated a form of bot
its particular objects the provision of a simple, tle neck K having a glass or porcelain spout L
cheap and effective construction which lends it secured thereto by hollow rivet 553, said ‘spout
10 self to being applied to a bottle while being pro
having recesses ‘51% therein for the reception
duced in a full automatic bottle making machine of- the rivet headiwhen the same is upset. A_ cork
and which is adapted to prevent'the removal of a gasket. 55, as shown, is interposed between the
cork or stopper from a bottle once the contents ‘spout and the neck K. As shown, the side walls
have been permanently corked therein, except of the'recesses' Mare curvilineal in cross-section
15 upon the visible mutilation of the seal, with the
(i. e.v a transverse plane) and also in a vertical
consequence that the resealing of the bottla'after
the same has been emptied or partially emptied
of its original contents and re?lled or adulterated,
is positively precluded, since the seal cannot be
20 restored to its original condition after once being
mutilated to an extent sufficient to permit of the
removal of the cork from the bottle.
I am aware that as set forth in Patent No.
944,166, it has been proposed to weaken the neck
a transverse plane.v
~$Arnong theotheradvantages of my improved
‘construction maybe mentioned the fact that be
cause of the rivet members being formed of metal,
‘the marring‘or breakage of the same in handling
or shipment does not occur.
vantage-is that in upsetting such rivets, especial
disclosed in Patent No.
944,166 is objectionable because it necessitates
40 the fracture of the neck of the bottle in order to
remove the contents therefrom and with the ever
present possibility of small particles of glass be
coming admixed with the contents thereof. The
constructions disclosed in the other two patents
are also unsatisfactory because of the extreme
likelihood of the breakage of the glass lugs or
beads in transit and particularly because after
breaking off the lugs and removing the cap, it
50 was a simple matter to cement another glass bead
on the end of the remaining stump in simulation
of the original integral bead.
Neither of the foregoing constructions possesses
the advantages hereinafter described of my in
55 vention as set forth in the following detail de
tion facilitates the upsetting and expansion of
the free end of the rivet shank so that it likewise
becomes curvilineal in‘a longitudinal as well as
with the ends thereof protruding which admitted,
when the latter are twisted together,--of the bottle
neck being shorn off by such operation. Also, as
set forth in Patents Nos. 859,100 and 850,741, it
has been proposed to provide a number of in
tegral glass sealing lugs on the top end of the
bottle neck which lugs were adapted to be pro
jected through an applied bottle cap and there
after fused to retain the cap‘ in position or else
35 to provide headed glass lugs on the opposite sides
or-longitudinal plane andvsuch wall configura
25 of a bottle and embed a wire loop in the glass
of the bottle neck to which a wire bail was
Also another ad- ;25
ly if spun over by means of. a rotating spinning ‘
tool, it
impossible to repair such a rivet or to
restore such a rivet, once the same has been
?led or broken, in order to admit of the appli- o0
cation of a brand new sealing strip or strap there
to, particularly since the torque of the spinning
tool is such as to immediately rip off a spurious
end if one endeavored to cement or solder the
same to the neck band. Likewise, any attempt :35
to solder onya fresh rivet to the neck band would
bet-readily ‘visible and could be instantly detected
by a. casual ‘inspection of the bottle.
. :It is, oficourse, ‘well known that ‘certain metal
alloys havev substantially the same co-ef?cient of i450
expansion and contraction as glass, such metals
being employed for lead wires for electric light
bulbs. Accordingly, if a rivet is embedded in the
glass, during the manufacture of the bottle neck,
it is desirable that the same be formed of such 45
metal. An excellent alloy for this purpose is one
consisting of 46%‘ of nickel and 54% iron, al
though other alloys having generally similar co
efficients of expansion and contraction to glass
may be also employed.
This seal is peculiarly adapted for use with so
called non-re?llable ?tment, in order to prevent
surreptitious replacement of a spout and thereby
the removal of the usual valve elements of a non
re?llable bottle and the replacement of the spout 55
on a bottle, or the removal of a portion of such
valve elements in the replacement of the spout,
can be prevented, since with my improved seal
any such attempted replacement of the spout
would leave tell-tale indications, thereby ren
dering detection of such tampering with the bot
tle a simple matter.
Various changes within the scope of the ap
pended claims may be made without departing
10 from the spirit of my invention.
a terminal sleeve-like portion at its other‘end
which projects into and is expanded within said
5. In a container, the combination comprising
a neck element, an associated spout element, look
ing means securing said spout to the end of said
neck and having one end thereof so embedded
in one of said elements as to effectively prevent
withdrawal therefrom and having the other end
thereof in engagement with the other one of said 10
Having thus described my invention, what I
claim and desire to obtain by United States Let
elements in such a manner as to prevent sepa
ration of the two elements from each other and
ters Patent is:
their re-association with each other and with
such locking means without the visible deface
1. In a non~resealable bottle, the combination
15 with the neck of such bottle of a separate spout
ment of such locking means.
6. In a glass bottle, the combination compris
member and means for securing the latter to the ‘
ing a neck element and an associated spout ele
bottle neck so as to prevent the'removal'of the
spout from the neck without defacement or 'frac
ture of such means, the same including locking ,
20 means, having a sleeve-like-extension, carried by
jment having a central bore and a cavity formed
therein intermediate said bore and the lateral
periphery of the’spout and locking means en 20
the neck of said bottle and which extension pro
jects through an aperture in said spout member
gaging said neck andsaidspout, said locking
and into an internal recess formed in said spout
jects into and is extended within said cavity.
member, the extreme end of said extension being
'7. In a non-resealable bottle,’ the combination ,
with-‘the neck member of such bottle, of a sep 25
arate spout member and locking means for se
curing the latter to the bottleneck so as to pre
means having a sleeve-like portion which pro
?ared outwardly to expand the same, to a diam-,
eter greater than that of said aperture so‘ as to
resist withdrawal of said sleeve-like extension of
the locking means through said aperture.
2. The combination with the neck of a bottle,
of a spout member provided with a central bore
without defacement or fracture of such means,
the same including a sleeve-like metal extension 30
extending longitudinallytherethrough and hav
carried by one of said neck and spout members
vent the removal. of the spout from the neck
ing a cavity intermediate the said bore and the I and which extension projects through an aper
outer periphery of the spout member, means for
locking said spout to the bottle neck including‘a
ture in said spout member and into an internal _
recess formed in said spout member, the end of
3.5 sleeve-like extensionat one end thereof which the extension which projects into said recess be 35
projects into said cavity, said sleeve-like exten ' ing expanded outwardly and being curvilineal in
both a longitudinal and a transverse plane, and
‘sionhavinganexpanded rolled edge which'pre
vents the removal of, said spout member from which recess has a wall that is also curvilineal in
said sleeve-like extension of the locking means. both a transverse and longitudinal plane for fa
3. The combination with a bottle neck of a spout ' cilitating such expansion of the end of said ex
member having a central bore extending there
8. In a non-resealable bottle, the combina
through for the passage of liquid and a cavity
tion'with the neck member of such bottle, of a
disposed intermediate the said bore and the lat
eral periphery of such spout member, means for separate spout member and locking means for
45 securely fastening the spout to said bottle neck, securing the latter to the bottleneck so as to 45
said means having a sleeve-like extension that prevent the removalof the spout from the neck
projects into said cavity and the end of such without defacement or fracture of such means, '
sleeve-like extension having an expanded rolled the same including a member having a hollow
V 4. The combination with a bottle neck of a
spout member having a central bore extending
' therethrough and having a cavity intermediate
the bore and the lateral periphery of the spout
member, which cavity has a terminal aperture
55 adapted to admit of the projection of an element
of spout-locking means thereinto, spout locking
means, one end of which is in indirect engagement
with the bottle 'neck ‘so as to prevent the re
moval and replacement of. such lockingmeans
60 without detection and said locking means having
extension, a portion of which projects through
an aperture in said spout member and into a 50
recess formed in said spout member, the portion
of said extension which projects into said recess
being expanded outwardly and being curvilineal
in both a‘ transverse and a longitudinal plane
and which recess has a wall that is also curvi 55
lineal in both a transverse and longitudinal plane
for facilitating such expansion of the end of said
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