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Патент USA US2132063

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»il
4, 1938.
G. WQWHALEY
2,332,063
FLASH LAMP
Filed Dec. 1, 1936
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2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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2,6
INVENTOR.
Oct. 4, 1938.
G. W. WHALEY
2,132,063
FLASH LAMP
Filed Dec. l, 1936
v1.
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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lNVENTOR.
ATTORNEYÍS
Hail i‘liliil't
2,132,063
Patented Oct. 4, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,132,063
FLASH LAMP
George W. Whaley, Los Angeles, Calif.
Application December 1, 1936, Serial No. 113,626
(Cl. W10-6.41)
5 Claims.
My invention relates to flash lamps and has
particular reference to .a flash lamp having a rest
thereon to receive a pistol or other firearm where
by the flash lamp may be employed to locate a
target and act as a sighting device to assist in
sighting the pistol upon the target so located.
An officer of the law is required to carry both
a flash light and a gun. It many times happens
that he desires to use only one of such pieces of
10 equipment. Many times he desires to use both
of such pieces of equipment together.
Any flrearm or pistol has the bore of the barrel
related to the sight thereof so that at an average,
or some predetermined distance, the trajectory
of the bullet in flight is accommodated for while
the line of sight is necessarily horizontal from
the marksman to the object, the bore of the fire
arm being raised at an angle from the horizontal.
Any one "setting" of the sight with reference to
the gun bore can only be absolutely accurate for
one distance. In order to maintain this accuracy,
even for this distance, it is necessary that the
firearm be held with the handle in a true hori
zontal plane. Otherwise the angle of trajectory
f of the bullet is varied.
It is therefore an object of this invention to
provide a flash light and gun combination which
permits of their separate or combined use, and
which are so related as to aid in the vertical
30 alignment of the firearm when the flash light is
adapted to the firearm.
Another object of the invention is to provide a
flash lamp of the character set forth, wherein a
gun may rest upon a seat formed upon the case
of the flash lamp and in which the gun will be
held in this seat by the thumb of the operator
passing over the barrel of the gun thereby di
recting the flash light upon a target, while auto
matically seating the gun centrally upon the il
luminated area of the target.
Other objects and advantages will be apparent
from a study of the following specifications read
in connection with the accompanying drawings,
wherein
45
In the drawings:
.
Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic View of a flash lam
constructed in accordance with my invention and
illustrating the manner in which a pistol on the
rest thereof will accurately center the flight of
Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken along
line III-_III of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional view, taken along
line IV-IV of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is a top plan view of a flash lamp con- .»
structed in accordance with my invention;
Fig. 6 is a rear elevational View of the flash
lamp illustrated in Figs. l through 5;
Fig. '7 is a diagrammatic view illustrating the
connection with the flash lamp cells, lamp and 10
switch; and
Fig. 8 is a side elevational View of the modified
form of flash lamp which may be employed in
the practice of my invention.
Referring to the drawings, I have illustrated .
my flash lamp as adapted to receive and be held
upon a revolver I of the character and size usually
carried by police, night watchmen, and similar
operatives. Such persons are usually provided
with a .32, .38, or .45 caliber revolver, the barrel 20
of which usually approximates 6 inches in length;
that is the barrel 2 between its outer end and its
junction with the frame 3 of the revolver, is ap
proximately 6 inches or slightly less than 6 inches.
I have illustrated my flash light adapted to a
firearm of this character and size, as including
a flash light case 4 having the general shape illus
trated in Figs. 2, 5 and 6, which shape adapts the '
case for the reception of three standard unit
ñash light battery cells and a focusing head 5 30
which carries a lens 6 by which the light from
the flash lamp may be focused or regulated as to
the size of the spot of illumination projected
therefrom.
Since the flash light is to be held in place upon 35
the gun only by the hand of the operator, it follows
that the foremost end of the flash light must not
project beyond the forward end of the barrel 2
of the gun as otherwise the muzzle blast of the
gun as it is fired would impinge upon the casing 40
of the flash light, upon the focusing head and
other parts projecting beyond the muzzle of the
gun and be damaged thereby, and, in addition,
the force of the muzzle blast on the casing of the
flash light will tend to dislodge the flash light 45
from proper seating relation upon the gun. For
this reason, I prefer that the leg of the T-shape of
the flash light casing shall not exceed 6 inches,
preferably, and shall be considerably shorter than
the bullet upon a target;
Fig. 2 is a vertical elevational view of a flash
6 inches so that when the flash light is in place 50
on the gun the outermost end of the flash light
lamp constructed in accordance with my in
vention and illustrating the manner in which the
shall be a substantial distance to the rear of the
barrel of the gun.
I have illustrated my flash light as being par
gun is held upon the flash lamp by the hand of
.55 the operator;
'
lliclllarly adapted for the reception of three unit
2
2,132,063
cells 1, 8 and 9, since a three-cell flash lamp has
sufllcient capacity for producing substantial il
lumination and in addition thereto has a relative
ly long life, thereby adapting my flash lamp to
be used as an ordinary flash lamp which will be
serviceable for general purpose in addition to its
adaptability to the reception of an accurate aim
ing of firearms.
As illustrated herein, in using the flash lamp
10 the hand will grasp that portion of the casing
representing the leg of the T so that the longitudi
nal axis of the flash lamp and the axis of the
beam of light projecting therefrom is the axis of
the leg of the T.
15
A barrel rest I 0 is preferably provided upon the
uppermost side of the leg portion of the casing 4,
this barrel rest comprising an elongated piece of
material having a substantially semicircular
groove II extending longitudinally thereof, the
20 shape and dimensions of the socket or groove II
corresponding substantially to the exterior di
mensions of the barrel 2 of the gun so that when
the gun barrel is laid in the groove it will nest or
seat snugly therein. The barrel rest I 0 prefer
25 ably extends throughout the entire length of the
leg of the T-shaped casing and may extend com
pletely to the rear of the casing, if desired, though,
as will be hereinafter more fully described, for
the purposes of accurate sighting and adjustment
30 of the barrel rest I0, I prefer to form a gun
In the particular form of casing illustrated
herein, the casing is formed of two sections, a
body section I8 and a cover section I9, the body
section having a chamber 20 extending along
the leg of the T adapted to receive and house
the battery cell 7, the outer end of this portion
of the body member being threaded, as indi
cated at 2l, to receive the focusing head 5. The
chamber 2D also provides a space in which the
l-amp I3 and its reñector I4 may be housed.
The rearward portion of the casing, that is,
that portion of the casing constituting the cross
bar of the T, includes the chambers I5 and I6
for the reception of the battery cells 8 and 9.
The cover member I9 includes a forwardly
projecting portion completing the chamber 20
and a rearwardly projecting portion 22 con
stituting a cover for the lower ends of the cham
bers I5 and I6.
The interconnection of the several battery
cells 'I, 8 and 9 may be readily accomplished by
the employment of spring connector strips which
will, in addition to connecting the cells electri
cally, also act to hold these cells tightly in their
v-arious chambers. From an inspection of Figs. 25
3 and 4 it will be noted that the positive pole
23 of the battery cell 'I engages the central ter
minal of the lamp I3, the rear end of this cell
engaging a spring finger 24 which extends into
the chamber 20 from the cover member I9. 30
receiving recess or rear socket I2 in the rear por
That is the spring strip from which the finger
tion of the casing as an independent unit separate
from the barrel rest I0.
As Will be noted particularly from an inspection
24 is constructed is imbedded as is indicated at
25 in the material of the cover member I9, the
spring strip extending downwardly and rear
wardly along the cover member I9 and then lat 35
erally across the cover member I9 to form a
36 of Fig. 4, the leg of the T-shaped casing is sufli
ciently long to accommodate one unit battery
cell 1, and also to provide sufficient space within
which a lamp I3 and focusing reflector I4 may be
housed. The unit c_ells commonly found upon the
market are approximately 3 inches in length so
that that portion of the flash lamp which will lie
immediately below the gun barrel cannot readily
be constructed to accommodate more than a single
cell, so that additional cells must be located in
45 such manner as not to interfere with the frame 3
of the gun. That is, the additional cells must be
either disposed toward one side of the longitudinal
axis of the flash light casing or must project
downwardly at right angles to the longitudinal
axis of the flash light in order that they shall
not be in the way of the frame of the gun.
In order to achieve compactness of the flash
light casing and to bala-nce the flash light casing,
I prefer to provide the space for the-additional
55 cells 8 and 9 in the rear portion of the flash light
casing. each of these cells being disposed in cham~
bers I5 and I6 and spaced from each other a suffi
cient distance so that when the casing is in place
upon the gun one of these cells will lie on each
60 'side of the frame 3 of the gun. the space between
the two cells being formed by a relatively thick
walled partition I'I in which may be readily formed
the frame seat I2 for receivingr the frame of the
gun, and accurately aligning the frame of the gun
65 relative to the barrel seat I O. When manufactur
ing the substantially T-shaped casing as shown
herein, the casing may be readily constructed of
any suitable material, such as metal, or prefer
ably, it may be molded from Bakelite or similar
70 molded products, the essential characteristic of
the casing being that it must have a relatively
slender portion extending in the direction of the
line of light projected by the lamp so that this
portion of the casing may be held snugly against
75 the gun barrel by the hand of the operator.
second spring finger 26 adapted to resiliently
engage the positive terminal 2'I of the battery
cell 8.
The rear end of the battery cell 8 is
engaged by a spring ñnger 28, the strip from
which such finger is formed extended as is indi
cated at 29 through the partition wall I1 of the
body of the casing and into the chamber I6
where it terminates into a second spring finger
30 engaging the positive terminal 3| of the bat
tery cell 9. The lower end of the battery cell
9 is likewise engaged by a spring strip 32 which
extends, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, along the
portion 22 of the cover member I9 and thence
upwardly and along the interior of the for
wardly projecting portion of the cover I9 ter
minating in a compact terminal 33 constitut
ing one terminal of a switch 34 by which the
lighting of the lamp I3 may be controlled. The
opposite terminal 35 of the switch 34 being 55
formed of a strip of metal which extends for
wardly along the cover member I9 to engage
a spring contact finger 36 secured to a metal
4lining 3‘I in the forward end of the chamber
20 and which metal lining is electrically con
nected to the metal of the reflector I4 which
constitutes a socket for receiving the lamp I3.
As will be understood from an inspection o-f
Figs. 3, 4 and 7, the circuit for the lamp I3
extends from one terminal- of the lamp I3 65
through the cell 'I, thence through the cell 8,
thence through the cell 9, and thence through
the switch 34, and thence back to- the lamp I3,
the three cells 1, 8 and 9 being connected in se
ries circuit relation, as is the common practice 70
in flash light constructions.
The forward end of the cover member I9 pref
erably includes an extension 38 adapted to be
received in a recess 39 formed in the body mem
ber I8 so that when the extension or tongue 38 75
240. lLLUIifllil/lllíltl,
.
‘2,182,063
is engaged in the recess 39 the front end of
the cover member will be squarely upon the
body I8, while at the same time insertion of the
tongue 38 in the recess 39 will cause the spring
finger 36 to electrically engage the spring con
tact member 35.
The rear end of the cover
-member I9 may be held in place on the rear
portion of the body member I8 by any suitable
means, such as a snap fastener illustrated at 40.
10
It will be apparent, therefore, that by dis
engaging the snap fastener 40 the entire cover
plate may be removed, removal thereof also re
va
gun barrel rest to be adjusted vertically to ac
curately align the flight of the bullet with the
axis of the light, I interpose a wedge shaped shim
48 between the gun rest I0 and the body I8 of
the fiash lamp, the shim 48 having a slot 49
formed therein extending laterally across the
shim 48 and adapted to receive an eccentric por
tion 50 formed upon the screw 44. Thus by ro
tating the screw 44 the shim 4B may be moved
forwardly and rearwardly to raise or lower the
rear end of the gun rest IIJ. When this gun rest
I0 is found to be accurately positioned vertically,
moving the spring contact fingers 24, 26 and
sealing wax or other sealing compound may be
32 and allowing the unit cells to be readily re
poured into the space 5I around the groove 44,
sealing this groove in the desired adjusted posi
tion.
Likewise the lateral adjustment of the gun
rest I9 may be accomplished by forming the
opening or bore 41 for the screw 45 in the shape
15 moved and replaced, while when the cover mem
ber is replaced the spring fingers will engage
.their several battery units and not only hold
them securely within the casing but alsol elec
trically connect these cells in the proper circuit
20 relation .for the successful operation of the iiash
of an elongated slot extending longitudinally of '
light.
the gun barrel rest Ill, and forming a portion
It should> be noted that the switch member
34 is preferably located upon that side of the
casing which will be disposed adjacent the fin
gers of the hand of an operator, holding the
52 of the screw 45 upon an eccentric so that by
turning the screw 45 the front end of the gun bar
»flash light on the gun so th-at when the hand
-is in the position indicated in Fig. 2 one of the
fingers will lie immediately above the switch 34
and the operator may therefore manipulate the
switch of the flash light without disturbing his
grip on the flash light and gun.
It will be noted from the foregoing descrip
tion that the iiash light is so constructed that
when removed from the gun it will constitute an
ordinary, serviceable fiash light capable of throw
ing a strong beam of light and by using the fo
cusing head, the beam of light area covered by
rel rest I8 may be moved laterally and when the
desired position is reached the screw 45 may be
sealed in this position by filling the space indi
cated at 53 with sealing compound which will
maintain the gun barrel rest in the desired loca
tion.
'
From the foregoing it will be apparent that I 130
have provided a flash lamp capable of ordinary
service as an ordinary illuminating flash light
but which is provided with a pistol barrel rest
upon which a pistol barrel may be placed in such
manner as to bring the axis of the lens 6 into
substantial parallelism to the piston barrel, and
substantially align the trajectory of the bullet
the beam or spot of light may be adjusted to
any desired size. Moreover, the flash light so
constructed is convenient to carry either in the
pocket or on the belt of the policeman or other
operator ready for use as an ordinary flash light
with the axis of the beam of light projected by
the fiash light. The rear socket I2 holds the
flashlight so that the axis of the lens will be held 40
entirely independent vof its adaptability for sight
upon the gun with one hand, the operator may
readily find an object in the dark and at that
ing a gun when needed.
The> alignment of the gun rests with respect
to the axis of the beam of light projected by the
fiash light may be, and preferably is, adjusted to
fit a particular gun with which the flash light
is .to be used since it is well known that every
firearm has its own characteristics of accuracy.
Flash lights of the character set forth herein
may be manufactured in quantities with the gun
barrel rest I0 and the gun frame seat I2 molded
to conform with the lines of the gun frame and
gun barrels of a particular brand or make of fire
arm. For example, one series of flash light cases
and gun rests may be manufactured for the
“Colt” firearms; another line of cases may be
molded to fit the Smith & Wesson firearm and
60 others to fit different other types of guns, per
mitting the policeman, watchman, or other op
erative to purchase a ñash light adapted for the
type of gun that he carries. He may then take
this gun and flash light to a gunsmith who will
align the gun barrel rest I0 accurately with re
spect to the particular firearm with which the
flash light is to be used.
To assist in this accurate alignment and to
provide an adjustability to the barrel rest II) I
prefer to form the barrel rest I0 as a separate
unit secured to the body I8 of the flash light
casing by means of a pair of screws 44 and 45
which preferably extend down through openings
or bores 46 and 41, respectively, in the lowermost
portion of the gun barrel rest. To permit the
fixed in the vertical plane passing through the
barrel when firing. By holding the flash light
instant have his gun so trained upon that ob 45
ject that any bullet fired from the gun will'ac
curately strike the object so located.
While the single spot of light from the liash
,lamp will act as a sufficient guide for determin
ing the accuracy of alignment of the ñight of '50
the bullet with the object, it may be desired in
some' instances to provide a somewhat brighter
central spot than the illuminated area, and for
this purpose either the reiiector I4 or the lens
6 may be so constructed as to produce a bright 55
central spot surrounded by an illuminated area
of lesser density. This vmay be readily accom
plished, for example, by providing an additional 'f
“bull’s eye” portion on the lens as indicated at
54.
.
In Fig. 8 I have illustrated a, modified form
of flash lamp which may be used in the prac
tice of my invention, this flash lamp including
a casing 66 constructed of tubular sections 6I
and 62, the tubular section 6I constituting the 65
horizontal or longitudinal axis of the flash lamp
and extending a, distance sufñcient to house one
battery cell and the focusing head 63 from which
the light is projected. The section 62 of the
casing extends at right angles to the section 6I 70
and is of suflicient length to house two addi
tional battery cells. In this form of the device
the gun barrel rest 64 may be constructed as a
separate piece of material and attached to the
leg 6I of the fiash lamp, a gun frame rest 65 75
4
2,132,063
being preferably provided extending along the leg
62 of the ñash lamp and the rests 64 and 65
having grooves or seats therein adapted to re
ceive the gun barrel and the frame of the gun in
the manner described with reference to Figs. 1
through 7, herein.
With this form of the device attaching mech
anism, such as screws 44 and 45, may be em
ployed to accurately adjust the barrel and frame
10 rests with respect to the night of the bullet from
the gun.
While I have shown and described the pre
ferred embodiment of my invention, I do not
wish to be limited to any of the details of con
struction shown, except as defined in the ap
ing a frame, barrel, and a handle, a flashlight
casing having a light, and lens for projecting a
beam forwardly from the same, said casing hav
ing a barrel rest with an upper socket on its
upper side for engaging the under side of the
pistol barrel to hold the flashlight casing with
its axis in a plane substantially parallel with the
pistol barrel, said barrel rest having a rear socket
at an angle to the axis of the upper socket for
engaging the forward edge of the pistol frame, 10
to hold the casing axis in substantially the same
vertical plane with the pistol barrel and handle,
said casing having a cylindrical extension with
a chamber for a battery cell, extending forward
ly under the pistol barrel position and operating
pended claims.
as a grip for the user’s hand to hold the flash
I claim:
1. In a ñashlight to be used with a pistol hav
ing a, frame, barrel, and a handle, a fiashlight
light on the pistol and cooperate with the hand
grasping the pistol handle when aiming and fir
ing the pistol, said casing having a substantially
cylindrical casing at each side of the rear socket
for carrying battery cells.
casing having a light, and lens for projecting a
beam forwardly from the same, said casing hav
ing a barrel rest with an upper socket on its
upper side for engaging the under side of the
pistol barrel to hold the flashlight casing with
its axis in a plane substantially parallel with the
pistol barrel, said barrel rest having a rear sock
et at an angle to the axis of the upper socket
for _engaging the forward edge of the pistol
frame, to hold the casing axis in substantially the
30 same vertical plane with the pistol barrel and
handle.
-
2. In a. flashlight to be used with a pistol hav
ing a frame, barrel, and a handle, a flashlight
casing having a light, and lens for projecting a
beam forwardly from the same, said casing hav
ing a barrel rest with an upper socket on its up
per side for engaging the under side of the pis
tol barrel to hold the flashlight casing with its
axis in a plane substantially parallel with the
40 pistol barrel, said barrel rest having a rear socket
at an angle to the axis of the upper socket for
4. In a ñashlight to be used with a pistol hav
ing a, frame, barrel, and a handle, _a ñashlight
casing having a light and lens for projecting a
beam forwardly from the same, said casing hav
ing a barrel rest with an upper socket on its up
per side for engaging the under side of the pistol
barrel to hold the flashlight casing with its axis
in a plane substantially parallel with the pistol
barrel, said barrel rest having a rear socket at 30
an angle to the axis of the upper socket for en
gaging the forward edge of the pistol frame, to
hold the casing axis in substantially the same
vertical plane with the pistol barrel and handle,
said casing having a forward extension under
the upper socket with a chamber for carrying a
battery cell, and having an elongated downward
extension adjacent the rear socket for carrying
two battery cells end to end.
5. In a fiashlight and firearm combination
engaging the forward edge of the pistol frame,
adapted for separate or combined use, a firearm
having a barrel and a frame, a flashlight includ
to hold the casing axis in substantially the same
vertical plane with the pistol barrel and handle,
said casing having a cylindrical extension with
a chamber for a battery cell, extending forwardly
under the pistol barrel position and operating
rest including a portion adapted to align the
flashlight with the barrel, and a second portion 45
at an angle to the ñrst portion adapted to align
the case of the ñashlight with the frame of the
as a grip for the user’s hand to hold the flash
ñrearm as the firearm is gripped with one hand
light on the pistol and cooperate with the hand
50 grasping the pistol handle when aiming and fir
ing the pistol.
3. In a. flashlight to be used with a pistol hav
ing a case and a barrel rest on the case, said
and the flashlight is gripped in the other, and
the firearm is seated within the said portions of 50
the rest.
GEORGE W. WHALEY.
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