Патент USA US2132103код для вставки
Oct. 4, 1938. J. F. FAUNER ‘ 2,132,103 WEATHER STRIP Filed June 23 , 1937 \\\\\\\ mmgm INVENTOR. urosé/ziz I’ fzzuzzer ATTORNEY. 2,132,103 Patented Oct.- 4, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,132,103 WEATHER STRIP Joseph F. Fauner, Irvington, N. J. Application June 23, 1937, Serial No. 149,878 2 Claims. (01. 20-69) This invention relates to weather strips in gen eral, and particularly to what may be termed self-locking and self-guiding resilient weather strips. _ The prime object of the present invention is to provide a weather strip construction which not only cooperates with, but combines and con nects the frame and a closure therefor, to which the structure is secured, but which will effectively 10 prevent any leakage between the two objects, and which will be practically immune to detri mental eifects to its purpose of weather tighten ing vcaused by either shrinkage or swelling of the frame or closure or both, as ‘is‘usually the case 15 in heretofore designed weather stripping. Another object of the present invention is to so construct and‘ arrange the various parts of the device as to constantly keep them under ten 20 sion, thereby providing a perfect contact and consequent seal between the objects equipped with my device. A still further object of my invention is to drawing, in which are illustrated a‘ few preferred forms of my invention, but which drawing is not intended to 'limit'me to the exact construction shown, and in which Fig. 1 is a typical cross-sectional'view through a frame and a closure, such as a sash, slidably mounted in the frame; Fig. 2 isi'a partial ‘front elevation of the female 10 member with the sash‘ removed; Fig. 3 is a typical cross-sectional view of a male member; " Fig. 4 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a female member similar to that shown in Fig. 1; Fig.5 is a cross-sectional view through a modi ?ed form of a female member; Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a still other modi?cation of a female‘member; Fig. 7 is a typical cross-sectional view of a mod i?ed form of a male member; ' Figs. 8 and 9 are modi?ed forms of female is spaced from the other so as to render the members for accommodating the male member shown in Fig. '7; and Figs. 10, 11 and 12 illustrate diagrammatical Views of my weather strip structure provided with auxiliary, resilient means secured beneath the pocket-like structure of the female members. Referring now speci?cally to the ?gures, in entire construction resilient. Fig. 1 there will be seen a portion of a frame l0, provide in a weather strip construction male and female members in which the male member takes 25 substantially the shape of a'coiled-up, substan tially spiral structure in which each bent portion Another object of my invention is to so con 30 struct and arrange the female member vof my structure that the latter in itself is resilient throughout, starting from the place of ?xed at tachment, to either the frame or the closure, and in which a longitudinal pocket formation is pro 35 vided for resiliently accommodating the cooper ating male member. A still further object of my invention is to construct the pocket-like structure of the female member so that it comprises a plurality of indi equipped with parting strips and moldings such as shown at H and l2, between which slidably operates a closure or sash l3. Secured to frame Ill and below either the molding or the parting strip, but in this case below molding l2, there is attached at M a resiliently mounted female member l5, such as shown in detail in Fig, 4. In interengagement with female member and secured to a cut-out corner of sash i3 is a male member l6, the construction of which is clearly vidual surfaces bent in different places, but in which each of the surfaces is spaced from the adjacent surface and in which a reinforcement illustrated in Fig. '3. is provided which serves as limiting means for a there is formed a reinforcing and limiting rib [8, which forms a lock for the male member 16. Extending from the rib, there is a horizontal por— tion l9, terminating in a semi-loop 29, from which the material is turned upon itself at 2|. At the other end of this member, there is pro vided an offset 22 from which extends towards rib l8 an outer portion 23, which terminates in a bend 24, from which the material is turned inwards into a contacting face 25. In this way a pocket is formed between rib l8 possible sidewise motion of the male member. 45 I the following description and the accompanying A still further object of my invention is to cushion the pocket-like structure of the female member either by providing a resilient extension therefrom, forming an integral part thereof, or by associating with the bottom portion of the 50 female member independent, resilient means in the form of a corrugated resilient strip, all for the purpose of rendering the pocket-like struc ture of the female member more resilient. The foregoing and still further objects of my 55 invention will become more fully apparent. from - - I Offset from the attaching portion of female» member I5, I preferably provide a horizontal portion I‘! (see Fig. 4), at the other’ end of which and outer surface 23, and end portion 25, into 2 . 2,132,103 which male member I6 is inserted. The male member comprises an upright portion which is bent substantially at right angles at 26, from which bend extends a horizontal portion 21, a downwardly bent vertical portion 28, another horizontal outer portion 29, an upward short por tion 30, and an inner contacting portion 3|. The latter is intended to engage the inner portion 25 of the female member. 10 7 In Figs. 3, 4, 5 and 6, the contacting portions are illustrated to represent straight surfaces in full lines. The broken lines, indicated at 32 and 33, show the possibility of curving these contact In Fig. 12, a female member similar to that illustrated in Fig. 11 is shown at 60, and pro vided with a rib formation 6i, into which extends the upright portion of an individual resilient element 62, serving for the same purpose as that described in connection with Figs. 10 and 11.. For constructing my weather strip, I prefer ably employ metal which is' not influenced by weather conditions, and which will not corrode and which will assure long life'in constant use. However, any other suitable material, such as ?bre or other composition matter, may be ad vantageously employed, in which case an indi- ~ ing surfaces so as to provide an interlocking arrangement between the male and female mem ‘vidual resilient element such as shown in Figs. bers for the purpose of increasing their tensional ‘used. contact over their full respective areas. ‘ In Fig. 5, there is illustrated a modi?ed form in which the pocket—like formation of the female " . member is constructed somewhat differently from that shown in Fig. 4, in that the bayonet-like structure 34 is formed opposite rib |8',..and in which, from the bayonet-like structure, ‘extends downwardly beneath the pocket formation, a spring element 35, for the purpose'of rendering the unattached‘ portion of the female. member ‘more resilient. In this construction; extension 36 of the bayonet arrangement issimilar to the IO, 11 vand l2, beneath the pocket structure is 15 From the foregoing description it will. be per fectly clear that the male and female members telescope with one another and that their con-' tacting surfaces are so designed as to keep the, two members under constant tension and that the male member“ is locked within the pocket . formation of the female member by the reinforc ing rib illustrated, and that the sidewise move ment of the male member is therefore limited at by the rib. When an intense contact between the contacting surfaces is desired, the inner sur extension shown in. Fig. '4,’ while in Fig.‘ 6, this faces of the male and female members are curved as shown in ‘broken, lines in Figs. 3 to 6, whereby extension is eliminated,- and a spring element 31 ' these, members are further restrain-ed against ‘ is directly attached} to the outer portion of bayo sidewise movement. net Referring. formationnow. 38. to. Figs. 7, 8 r and 9, the - ~ male surface area assures per-fectcooperation between ' member shown in Fig. 7 consists of‘ an upright the two members and results in long life‘ and 35 portion ~39, an outer horizontal portion.“ and an inner Contacting portion 4|, spaced from portion. 40. The female member consists of an attach ing portion 42, a raised continuation“, a bayoé net structure 44, which latter is ‘constructed oppo site to that shown in ‘Figs. 4, 5 and 6,, and which forms ‘a left-hand pock 45, at the right ‘hand of which is again a reinforcing and'limiting rib 46, from which extends a portion 41, terminating in an underslung spring element 48, arranged be low the pocket structure. In Fig. 9, extension 41 of Fig. 8 is eliminated and the resilient element 48’connects directly with locking rib $6’. ‘In these modi?cations, the construction is somewhat simpli?ed as far ‘as the. male member is concerned, but the female mem- .7 ber retains all of its characteristics explained in connection with Figs. ‘4, '5 and 6, except that ‘the » ' Referring now to Figs’. 10, 11 and 12, there is illustrated in Fig. 10 a male member 49, of a construction similar to that shown in Fig. 3, and a female member 50, resembling the structure shown in Fig. 5 in which, however, a bayonet formation Eiis employed which terminates in a straight appendage 52. , Associated effectiveness of the device, irrespective of changes due to shrinkage or swelling of the objects to 35 which they are'secured and which they are in tended to tightly connect against all weather conditions. , ' I It is obvious that the male member or female member may be secured either ‘to the ‘stationary 40 or movable portion of a window, depending upon the size thereof and its particular location. By the same token, it is not necessary to secure my . device in the manner “shown in Fig. 1, but it may " construction is reversed’. with the be attached at eithercorne'r or on either side ‘of the'sash, as long as a suitable cooperation be tween ‘female and male members is assured. While I have shown speci?c constructions of’ my invention, it is quite evident that changes and modi?cations in the formation of the two members may beprovided in order to meet var- ~ ious existing conditions and constructions of the objects to which they are to be attached and I therefore reserve for myself the right to make changes and improvements within my construc 55 tion without departing from the broad scope of my idea, as set forth.’ in therannexed claims: I claim: i " ' 1. In a resilient Weather strip construction,.a bayonet structure and engaging the upright por tion thereof is an individual corrugated spring’ element53, adopted to render the pocket forma resiliently mounted female member comprising a reinforcing rib formation and a pocket-like structure ‘opposite thereto, said structure‘having tion of the female member resilient. In Fig. 11 a male member 54 is shown, which a resilient, substantially bayoneteshap‘ed retain is also similar to thatillustratedin Fig. 3, but" ing element consisting of spaced and looped sur 65 reversed, and is in engagement with female faces, rendering it resilient, cushioning means member 55, in which the bayonet structure ‘56~ extending from said female member and ar is similar to that shown in Fig. 8. The rib or ranged substantially below said pocket-like struc '. lock formation 51 is at the right and terminates ture, and a resilient male member comprising a in a short appendage 58. Engaging the upright substantially spirally looped structure in engage 70 ment with said pocket-like structure of the fe portion of the bayonet structure again is illus 'trated an individual spring element 59, adapted male ‘member, the inner contacting faces of the to form a resilient cushion for the pocket-like male and female members being ‘constructed and 7 1 structure of the female membe . I ' 30 r 'Such contact vover a' large ‘ arranged so as to remain under constant ten sion. relative to one another, said rib formation 2,132,103 of the female member serving as limiting stop for the sidewise movement of said male member. 2. In a weather strip for Windows, adapted to be una?‘ected by either shrinkage or swelling of the window frame or sash, and being intended for limiting a lateral movement of a sash in respect to its frame, a female member having a substan tially ?at attaching portion, designed to be se cured to the face of a window frame adjacent to 10 the side of a sash, a rib formed from said at taching portion and projecting at substantially right angles towards such sash, a substantially 3 pocket-like convolution formed adjacent to, and with its open end towards one side of said rib, a male member, having a substantially ?at at taching portion, adapted to be secured to one of the sash faces, a convolution formed at right angles to that attaching portion and tensionally and slidably interlocking with the convolution of the female member so that said rib of the latter member constitutes a stop against a sidewise movement of the male member. JOSEPH F. FAUNER.