Патент USA US2132231код для вставки
Oct. 4, 1938. 2,132,231 J. F. DUNSER APPARATUS FOR SORTING FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL Filed July 10, 1937 3 Sheefcs-Sheét 1 iLl"W - 2;??- 2' 4"? n INVENTOR. . Jon/v K ?u/vsn? ‘Oct. 4, 1938. ' I‘ , J. F. DUNSER » _ 2,132,231 APPARATUS FOR.’ SORTING' FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL Filed July 10, 1937 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 10 //0 /// 1 1w €\ 9 "I; 6 75 7/_ INVENTOR. (fall/V [DO/V351? BY - A TTO EY. Oct. 4,‘ 1938. J, F_ DUNSER 2,132,231 APPARATUS FOR SORTING FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL' Filed July 10, 1937' :5 Sheets-Sheet 3 v *i?l INVENTOR. JOHN F Dwvsaf “ “W ' A TTORNE Y. Patented Oct. 4, 1938 2,132,231 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,132,231‘ APPARATUS FOR son'rmc FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL John F. Dunser, Riclunond Heights, Mo. Application July 10, 1937, Serial No. 153,071 10 Claims. (Cl. 209-122) This invention relates to improvements in the apparatus for sorting ?exible sheet material, such as paper or other stock, and has particular reference to a novel machine for sorting checks, 5. sales slips, coupons and the like. The principal objective of the invention is the provision of an improved sorting machine de signed to obviate the tedious and time con suming hand methods of sorting cancelled checks 10 and the like, which in nearly all cases, require a manual handling of each check during the sort ing process. A further objective is the provision of a sorting machine which in the number and arrangement of parts and in the operation there 15 of, effects distinct improvements over existing machines and devices for the same or similar purposes. In accordance with the foregoing, an object of the invention resides in the provision of an im 20 proved machine by which a quantity or stack of checks or other units of ?exible sheet matter, each bearing a numerical, alphabetical or other symbol of designation and arranged with respect to such designations in a disorderly or other non sequential manner, may be sorted and arranged in a sequential or other desired order, according to the designating symbols appearing on the units. Another object resides in the provision of a sorting machine for the purpose described, which includes in operative combination, a unit sep arating and feeding mechanism, a movable de 5 part, outside of its original true structure plane. A further object is attained in the provision of a powered drive for the unit separating and feeding mechanism, the operation of which is controlled by the operating mechanism for the pocket bearing device, the control arrangement being such that the powered drive is operated substantially coincidentally with the positioning of any one of the pockets in receiving relation to the feeding mechanism. A still further object resides in the provision of an improved machine for the purpose de 15 scribed, which is comprised of but few parts ar ranged and assembled in a compact manner, and which is positive and efficient in operation. Further objects and advantages will appear from the following description, ‘and from the 20 drawings, in which: Fig. 1 is an assembly plan view of a preferred embodiment of the invention; Fig. 2 is a sec tional elevation of the machine, as taken along line 2—2 in Fig. 1, this view showing the operat 5 ing mechanism for the movable device or tray supporting the unit or check-receiving pockets; Fig. 3 is a sectional elevation of the machine as taken along line 3-3 in Fig. 1, this view showing 30 the separating and feeding mechanism; Fig. 4 is a sectional elevation as viewed from line 4-4 and operating mechanism associated with the tray and unit-receiving pockets; Fig. 5 is an en larged detail elevation of a part of the tray mech anism, as viewed from line 5-5 in Fig. 4; Fig. 6 35 is a sectional elevation of the machine, as taken pocket bearing device, adapted for selectively po liver to such pocket one or more of the units to be sorted. A further object is attained in the provision in combination with a unit separating and feed ing mechanism, of a movable device or tray hav ing a plurality of unit-receiving pockets or com partments arranged in parallel adjacence, and operating mechanism for the tray, adapted for positioning any selected one of the pockets rela tive to the feeding mechanism, so as to receive one or more units delivered thereto by the feeder, the tray operating mechanism including a ro tatable dial or key-board by which any one of the pockets may be selected for disposition in receiving relation to the feeder. Yet another object of the invention is attained in an improved feeding mechanism for checks 55 extent‘ or nature of pre-folding or other deforma tion tending to cause the ?exible unit to lie in vice bearing a plurality of unit-receiving pockets sitioning any one of the pockets relative to the feeding mechanism, so that the feeder may de 40 so designed as to feed all of the checks in a uniform manner, irrespective of the direction, or like ?exible sheet units, the mechanism being in Fig. 1, the section being taken through the from line 6-4 in Fig. 1, showing further details of the mechanism; Fig. 7 is an enlarged frag mentary section taken along line 1-—‘i inv Fig. 6, 40 showing details of a preferred form of control mechanism in association with an'electric circuit and an operating motor for the machine; Fig. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary elevation of the ma chine, as viewed from line 8—-8 in Fig. 3, show 45 ing details of the separating and feeding mecha nism; Figs. 9 and 10 are enlarged fragmentary sections of the machine as taken respectively, along lines 9-—9 and lll—l0 in Fig. 3, these views showing portions of the feeding and separating 50 mechanism; Fig. 11 is an enlarged fragmentary section of the machine as viewed from line I l-ll in Fig. 1, this view showing certain elements of the feeding mechanism; Figs. 12, 13, 14 and 15 are diagrammatic views of the separating and 55 2,182,28 1 2 illustrating the cycle of _ against by the pusher plate II. The element Ila. of opposite wall section I‘, against which rests operation of the unit separating and feeding mechanism, and Fig. 16 is an enlarged elevation vides additional lateral support therefor, and further by reason of the V-shape'form of this feeding mechanism in four di?erent operative positions, theseviews the left end portion of the check‘ stack, pro- , of a detail of the mechanism, as viewed from line I6--I8 in Fig. 8. . ing guide for the left end of each check sep arated from the stack in the sorting process. The guide function of this element will appear more fully hereinafter. With respect to the 10 pocket formed by the walls I3 and I5, this serves Referring now to the drawings by suitable characters of reference, III designates generally, a rectangular, box-like frame structure of rela 10 tively shallow vertical dimension. The frame which may be formed of any suitable material, to con?ne the right hand end of each check preferably a metal casting, is provided with a against movement toward wall I3 during certain stages of operation upon the check to remove removable bottom plate II forming a closure for the frame, this plate serving also to support cer it from the stack, as will hereinafter appear. Turning now to the check separating and feed 15 tain elements of the mechanism, as will later appear. The top I2 of the frame provides the principal supporting base for the machine. C1 wall, the element lib thereof serves as a direct ' A magazine or container for the units to be sorted, is provided on the base I2 near the rear, 20 right~hand section of the frame iii, the container being formed by a pair of parallel, side wall ele ments I3 and Il secured to the base I2 in any suitable manner, and spaced as shown, to ac ing mechanism which functions to mechanically separate checks from the stack and then deliver them to check-receiving pockets or compart ments, a combined electric motor and reduction 20 gear unit denoted generally at 24 (Fig. 3) is dis posed, by preference, within the frame structure III and is secured upon the bottom plate II. The commodate the dimensions of the units to be sorted. In the present example, the units are cancelled checks, and for convenience and brevity in the following description, but without limitation, these will be referred to as “checks". The wall I3 has at its forward end, an inwardly 30 extending wall section I5 which is preferably formed integrally with wall I3, and disposed at substantially a right angle thereto. Arranged in motor unit serves to drive a vertically arranged, operating shaft 25 for the mechanism, with the driving connection thereto effected in any suit able manner, as by the bevelled pinion 2G op erated by the reduction gear, enmeshing a bev elled gear 21 keyed to shaft 25. The shaft ends are suitably journalled in bearing elements 28 on 30 the base I2 and bottom plate II, and as shown in a similar manner, but in association with wall I4, is a substantially V-shaped wall section I6 com 35 prised of a wall element IBa in engagement with wall I4, and a wall element IBb forwardly there of. The apex portion of the wall section is di rected toward the free edge of wall section I5. The inward extent of wall section I5 is preferably '40 approximately one-fourth the distance between walls I3 and I4, while that of the wall section I6 is somewhat less, the space intervening these sections being left open so that the check sep arating and feeding mechanism hereinafter to be described, may operate upon the checks, denoted generally at H, which are stacked on edge in convenient quantity in the magazine. As shown in Fig. l, the wall element I6a is disposed slightly rearwardly of the plane of wall I5, this arrange ment serving to produce a curve in the check stack H, the curve extending inwardly of the magazine and toward the wall I4. Thus, the forwardmost check exposed between wall sections I5 and I6, is definitely curved, whereby to aid the function of the check separating device, as will readily appear hereinafter. The stack of checks is constantly urged forwardly toward the wall sections I5 and I6, by a pusher plate I8 ar ranged for sliding movement between the side 60 walls I3 and I4. Plate I8 is carried by tubular elements I9 which are sleeved upon fixed rods 20 secured to standards 2I supported upon the rear edge portion 22 of the base I2. Within the tu bular elements I9 are suitable compression springs 23 which abut the free ends of rods 20, and which serve to urge the elements I9 and pusher plate I8 toward the checks I'I, whereby the stack of checks to be sorted, is constantly urged forwardly in the magazine. It will be observed that the side wall I3 and 70 the wall section I5 cooperate to form a well defined pocket for the right hand end portions of the checks (Fig. 1), and further, that the wall section I5 provides the 'major lateral support for 75 the check stack which is constantly urged there 15 Fig. 3, the upper end of the shaft extends through the base I2 for connection to a crank arm 29, the connection of the crank arm to the shaft end being effected preferably in an adjustable man 35 nor, as by a set-screw (not shown). To the free end of the crank is pivotally connected one end of an arm 30 forming part of a substantially L shaped member or bar 3 I, the bar having a second arm 32 extending at substantially a right angle to the arm 30, toward the forward side of the check stack I'I. Arm 30 of the bar is slidably supported by a vertical standard 33, (Figs. 3 and 9), the standard being secured to the base I2, or formed of pivotally related portions in a manner 45 permitting axial pivotal movement of its guide portion engaging arm 30, whereby to allow both pivotal and displacement movements of the bar 3| in the plane of the arms 30 and 32. It will be observed that the end of the arm 39 which is 50 connected to the crank 29, is confined to a cir cular movement only, and that as a result this, and the pivotal and sliding support of the bar by the standard 33, the free end 3| of arm 32 will have a compound movement. The resulting 55 movement thereof will be not only toward and from the checks, but a wiping movement hori zontally across the exposed surface of the fore most check, in a direction from left to right (Fig. 1) when the crank 29 is rotated in a counter 60 clockwise direction, (Fig. 1) as indicated by the arrow. This movement of the arm end 34 is utilized for effecting a separation of the checks from the stack, one at a time, in the manner now to be described. As shown particularly in Fig. 9, the end 34 of arm 32 operatively supports a vertically arranged member 35 which carries a friction element 36 formed of sponge rubber or other soft friction gripping material. Operation of shaft 25 to ro 70 tate crank 29 in a counterclockwise direction, will actuate the bar 3|, say from the position thereof in Fig. 1, through the two positions indi cated in the illustrations of Figs. 12 and 13. Thus, the friction element 36 is moved succes 75 2,182,281 sively toward the left end of the checks (Fig. 1) 3 hereinafter to be described, the roller 49 as shown but out of contact with the front or forward in Figs. Land 10, being located substantially in most check, and thence horizontally across the .the widest portion of the V-shaped wall section curved face of the front check from left to right, :1 the friction element being both pushed laterally against the check stack and swept in an arc across the surface of the front check, whereby to frictionally grip this check to move the left portion thereof from the element IGa of wall ‘ 10 section l5, and toward the right hand portion thereof which is retained in the pocket formed by the magazine walls I 3 and I5. The result is l6, /and rotatively' journalled in bearings 58. Roller 49 like roller 48, is, by preference, formed a: of relatively soft rubber or other similar friction material. To facilitate the entrance of a check _ between the rollers, the roller 48 is initially dis placed from roller 49 through pivotal movement of member 42, in the cycle of operation of the mechanism, as will presently appear. It is to be noted here that the forward element l6b of the a curvilinear de?ection of that portion of the ' V-wall i5, serves as a guide for directing the left front check between the friction element and the end of a check separated from the stack as here free edge of wall section I5, the bending, buckling tofore described, to and between the rollers 48 or crimping effect being illustrated at 31 in and 49. Moreover, the standard 46 supporting 15 Fig. 13. As the bend is produced, the friction element is retracted from frictional engagement with the check, and substantially simultaneously 20 with this retraction of the friction element, the bend is very suddenly straightened or ?attened by mechanism later to be described. Since the right hand section of the check is retained by the 25 the upper end of roller shaft 44 serves in addi tion, as a means ‘for preventing the left. end portion of a. check from displacement forwardly of the large roller 48, during the function of 20 the mechanism to deliver the check to the rollers. As the roller 48 comprises the driving element of the check feeding mechanism, it is adapted to be walls I3 and i5 against any displacing movement - rotated from thelarge friction wheel 38 through to the right ‘(Fig. 1), the straightening of the the smaller friction wheel 48, by a gear 52 ar bend 31 results in displacement of the left end ' portion of the check toward the wall section I6, and by reason of the V-shape of this wall,_the left end of the check is not returned to its origi 30 nal position in the check stack, but is directed ‘by the wall element lib thereof, to a position toward and between feeder rolls which are now to be described, together with the mechanism for straightening the check bend 31. As best appears in Figs. 3, 8, 10 and 11, the 35 check feeding mechanism includes a large fric tion'wheel 38 operatively secured to the drive shaft 25 and located within the frame Ill. This ranged coaxially of and operatively secured to wheel 48, and a pinion element 53 operatively secured to the roller shaft 44 and enmeshing the gear 52 (Fig. 11). In order to insure a positive ‘ drive between friction wheels 38 and 40, the piv 30 oted member 42 is biased by a suitable spring 54, in a direction to effect a frictional driving tension between these elements. Moreover spring 54 serves also, to pivot the member 42 in a man ner to separate the roller 48 from roller 49, for - the purpose herein above noted, pivotal displace ment of the member by the spring however, oc-v curring only when the large wheel 38 has been wheel as shown in Fig. 8, is formed with a de rotatedto register the depression 39 formed in 40 pression or cut-away portion 39- in a section of ' the periphery thereof, with the smaller wheel 40, the periphery thereof, the purpose served by the the position of the parts in this instance being 40 depression appearing hereinafter. Arranged to shown in Fig. 14. » engage wheel 38 is a smaller friction wheel 48 Pivotal movement of member 42 is utilized fur which is vertically journalled between the arms ther, to actuate a device for straightening or ?at 4| of a U-shaped member 42 (Fig. 11) , this mem 45 tening the bend or crimp produced in a check by 45 ber being supported for horizontal pivotal move ment upon a pin 43 secured to the base l2. The the pusher bar mechanism 3!. Accordingly, one wheels 38 and 40 serve as elements of a drive end 55 of a rod 56 (Fig. 8) is pivotally secured to connection for the check feeding mechanism, as the lower arm 4| of the member 42, preferably near the free end thereof, the rod being further 50 will now appear. A vertical shaft 44 extending through an arcuate slot 45 formed in the base pivotally supported by member 51 which in turn, 50 I2, is journalled on its lower end, in the free is pivotally secured to the base I2. all as substan ends of arms 4|, while the upper end of the shaft tially shown in Fig. 16. _ vThus the member 51 is journalled in the end of a standard 48 which serves as a compound pivot, which permits both pivotal and displacement movements of the rod 55 extends through a second arcuate slot 41 in the base, and is secured in any suitable manner, to 56 in a horizontal plane thereof. The reason for 55 the upper arm 4| of the member 42. Thus the the compound pivot member 51 is readily appar ent, as the rod end 55 connected to the arm 4| of shaft 44 is constrained to follow pivotal move ments of member 42. Shaft 44 has secured pivoted member 42, travels through an are having 60 thereto, a friction roller 48 formed of relatively as its center the pivot pin 43 of member 42, while soft rubber or other similar friction material, the the pivotal axis of rod 56 on member 51 is con 60 siderably offset from the axis of pin 43. As a con roller preferably being of an axial extent coinci dent with that of the shaft between the base l2 sequence, during arcuate movement of the end and the end of standard 46, this being clearly 55 of rod 56, there will occur both pivotal and illustrated in Fig. 11. Moreover the vertical ex displacement movement of the rod with respect to tent of the roller is by preference, greater than its pivotal connection to the end of member 51. the width of the checks to be sorted, this to Accordingly, by pivotally mounting the member} assure an adequate frictional gripping of the 51 to the base l2, displacement of the rod 56 is check by the roller. In this connection, although permitted. Rod 56 on its end portion opposite end 70 not shown, it is preferred to provide the roller with corrugations of any suitable form as a means for attaining a positive check-gripping function thereof. Roller 48 cooperates with a roller 49 in the 75 feeding of checks to check-receiving pockets 55, extends vertically upward through an arcuate slot 58 in base I2, and is reversely curved upon 70 itself, in the manner shown in Fig. 3, to form a grill-like portion or element 59.‘ The grill element is positioned in register with that surface por tion of the forwardmost check, which, in the 75 4 2,182,281 rality of check-receiving compartments herein check separating process, is outwardly crimped after to be described, in check-receiving relation to the feed rolls, as the immediately succeeding operation of the parts to effect the disposition thereof illustrated by Fig. 15, serves to effect Cl through the feed rolls, displacement of the check toward the check-receiving station on the left of or buckled as indicated in Fig. 13 at 31. The operative association of rod 58 and its ele ment 59 with the pivoted member 42, is such that during that portion of the cycle of operation in which the friction wheels 38 and 48 are in driving engagement, the element 59 will be disposed for wardly of the checks, as shown in Figs. 1, 12 and 13. During this time, a bend or crimp is produced 10 in the foremost check, in the manner heretofore described. Then as the depression 39 in the large wheel 38 comes into register with the the rolls. after a full half-turn of the shaft 25. The trail 10 ing edge of the depression 39 in wheel 38 is now in contact with the wheel 40, and as a result, the member 42 is pivotally actuated to bring the roller smaller wheel 40, spring 54 acts to pivot the mem ber 42 so as to bring the smaller wheel into the depression 39. The resulting movement of mem ber 42 actuates the end 55 of rod 56 to effect movement of element 59 toward the checks, and into contact with the bend in the front check, whereby it ?attens or strai'ghtens the bend. As a 20 result, the left end portion of the check is dis placed toward the feed rollers 48 and 49, since the right end of the check in this instance, is con?ned against movement by the walls 13 and I5. It is desired to note here that the extent of rod 56 and 25 the position of compound pivot 51 relative to the connection of the rod to member 42, are such that when the member 42 is pivotally actuated, as above described, such actuation will effect an im pact or snap movement of the grill element 59 to 30 ward the check bend and into ?attening contact therewith. The cycle of operation of the check separating and feeding mechanism is illustrated in Figs. 12 _ Fig. 15 illustrates the position of the elements 48 into driving engagement with the left end of I the check disposed between it and the roller 49. 15 At the same time, the movement of member 42 effects a' displacement of the grill element 59 away from the checks, while the movement of crank 29 further retracts the friction element 35 of bar 3| from the stack of checks. A further half-tum of 20 shaft 25 to complete one revolution thereof, re turns the elements to the positions indicated in Fig. 12. However, during this last half-turn, the friction wheel 38 drives the smaller wheel 40, and hence through the gear 52 and pinion 53, the 25 friction roller 48 is rotated in the same direction, counterclockwise, to feed the check through the rollers 48 and 49 and thus to discharge it into a suitable receiver later to be described. It may be noted here that to facilitate the directioning of 30 the check as it leaves the rollers 48 and 49, a V-shaped guide 64 open at its apex sufficiently to permit passage of a check therethrough, is arranged on the discharge side of the rollers. The through 15. ~Referring ?rst to Fig. 12, wherein ' open apex end of the guide is directed away from 35 35 the rollers 48 and 49 arein operative engagement, the rollers, as shown. . _ the grill element 59 disposed forwardly of the checks and the crank 29 and check separating bar 3| disposed in the positions shown, this view It is preferred in the present example, to speed up the rate of rotation of roller 48 with respect to that of shaft 25, in order to assure a complete ejection of one check before another can be de livered to the rollers. Accordingly, for purposes of the presentexample in attaining a rapid or shows the elements in their initial position, at the Now with the motor and re duction gear drive in operation, a substantially quarter-turn of shaft 25, and hence of crank 29, quick check feed, the speed ratio between the in a counterclockwise direction, will effect small friction wheel 40 and the large wheel 38 may through the crank an arcuate sweeping movement -be approximately 3:1, while the speed ratio of 45 of the friction element 36 of bar 3| across the gears 52 and 53 may be about 2:1. Thus, for face of the front check, producing as shown in each revolution of wheel 38, the friction roller 48 Fig. 13, a bend in the check, as at 31. At this in will complete approximately six revolutions. stant in the cycle, theleading edge of the depres Turning to the check receiving device which is sion 39 in friction wheel 38 is in contact with the selectively positionable with respect to the check 50 50 small friction wheel 40, and the element 59 is still feeding rollers 48 and”, this device is preferably forwardly of the check bend 31. Fig. 14 illus comprised of a platform or tray 65 which is ar trates the position of the elements after the shaft ranged at the left section of the frame It), (Figs. 25 has been rotated about an eighth of a turn be 1 and 2). The top l2 of the frame structure is yond the quarter-turn position of Fig. 13. In this shown as extending over substantially the right 55 55 part of the cycle, the friction element 36 is partly half of the frame, and the left edge 68 thereof displaced forwardly or away from the check, while is formed to provide a guide, which in coopera the depression 39 of large wheel 38 is in register tion with a similar guide 61 formed on the upper with wheel 48. At this instant, spring 54 pivotally ' left edge of theframe Ill, serves to slidably sup actuates member 42 so as to seat wheel 40 in the port the tray 85. The guides as shown in Fig. 1, 60 60 depression 39, and at the same time, the move extend between the front and rear edges 69 and ment of member 42 effects as heretofore de 10 respectively, of the frame Hi. As shown in the. scribed, an actuation of grill element 59 against present example, the tray is provided with slide the check bend 31 in a manner to straighten or rails 68 which slidably engage the guides 66 and ?atten the bend. Also, the movement of member 61, but it is to be understood that in practice, ball 42 as effected by spring 54, retracts the friction or roller types of bearings (not shown) may be roller 48 from the roller 49, thus leaving a check- ' substituted for the tray rails 68 to reduce the receiving gap therebetween. The ?attening of the friction at rest, and thereby to e?fect a smoother check bend 31 by element 59, results in projecting operating tray. In the arrangement shown, the the left end of the check toward and between the tray is mounted for horizontal sliding movement 70 70 separated rollers 48 and 49, this being aided by along the vertical plane including the axes of the the directing effect of the portion 16b of wall sec feed rollers 48 and 49. Thus, the rollers are tion l6, as heretofore described. It is to be noted ' arranged to feed checks laterally onto the tray, here that when the parts are disposed as shown and accordingly, for this purpose the tray is pro by Fig. 14, the operator must have positioned in a vided with a plurality of compartments or pock 75 75 manner later to appear, a desired one of a plu 40 start of the cycle. 8,182,281 5 ets for receiving the checks. The pockets are spring normally urges the stem into its seat in formed by horizontally spaced, vertical partition the disc, and upon depressing the key, the stem elements ll extending transversely of the tray 81 is moved outwardly of its seat to provide an ' and secured thereto in any suitable manner. The compartments are closed on the left side of the tray, by a wall element 12, while the right hand ends thereof are open, so that when any one of the pockets is brought into register with the open apex of guide 64 on the discharge side of the 10 check feed rollers 48 and 48, a check displaced from the magazine by the rollers, will be delivered directly to such pocket. The supporting frame i8, particularly the por tion l2 thereof, is so related to the tray for receiv abutment for a purpose later appearing. The top ‘surface of each key bears a desired symbol, as in the present example, the numerals 1, 2, 3, etc., the designations being in consecutive order and in the present example, arranged in a clockwise direction. The disc and its key ele ments are coordinated through the operative con 10 nection between the disc and tray member 85, so that when key marked “100” is in register with a stationary index or marker 88 on base I 2, as shown in Fig. l, the tray will be positioned to register the rearmost pocket A with the check 15 latter is at a somewhat lower level than the check- I feeding nozzle 84. Rotating disc 82 in a clockwise supporting surface of the magazine on the element direction to register key marked “99” with mark l2. Furthermore, there is preferably provided at er 88, effects a corresponding movement of tray the right hand edge (Figs. 2 and 3) of the tray, a 65 through the described geared connection, to 20 vertical shoulder, ?ange or ledge ‘Ila. This ar register the next succeeding pocket B with the 20 rangement is such that as the check is forcibly nozzle 64, and thus with key “98" and pocket C, ejected into one of the compartments or divisions etc. Accordingly, the number of keys on disc 82 of the tray, it immediately falls edgewise into its will correspond to the number of pockets on position of repose, at a somewhat lower level than tray 65. prior to feeding, any tendency to rebound to the As a means for aiding an operator in effecting 25 right, or toward the feeding mechanism, being effectively prevented by engagement of an edge through the control disc 82, the registry of a selected pocket with the check feeding nozzle or corner of the check, with the ?ange or shoul 64, the key elements 85 are so arranged as to der ‘Ha. As shown in Fig. 1, when the rearmost pocket A leave a space between the ?rst and last keys. On 30 is registered with the check feeding guide 64, the the surface of the disc between these two keys forward end portion of the tray 85 will overlie and and the disc axis, is marked preferably in a suit extend forwardly of the front edge 88 of frame l8. able color, a sector 88a. of the disc, the colored Moving the tray rearwardly, will successively sector providing an index zone by which the oper register the pockets B, C, D, etc. with the guide ator may judge the direction in which to rotate the disc, in order to bring a desired key into reg 35 or check feeding nozzle 84, and when the for wardmost pocket A" is in register with guide 84, istry with the marker 88. In the arrangement the rear part of the tray will overlie and extend shown, the disc 82 cannot be rotated to pass the rearwardly of the rear edge 'I8.of frame l8. As colored sector through registry with marker 88, a means for limiting movement of the tray to the since when the key marked “100” is registered 15 ing the checks, that the supporting surface of the extremes noted, an abutment 12a is provided on the under surface of the tray in suitable location with respect to the tray ends, and cooperating with the abutment are removable stops 12b and 45 12c carried respectively, by the front and rear edges 88 and 18 of the frame. The selective positioning of the pockets with respect to nozzle 84, is accomplished in the fol lowing preferred manner: A rack bar 13 is secured 50 preferably, to the under side of the tray 85, the rack extending the full length of the tray. En meshing the rack is a gear element 14 which is journalled in bearing standards 15 secured to the bottom plate I I. Operativeiy connected to this gear element is a bevelled gear 16 which enmeshes a bevelled gear TI on one end of an‘ operating shaft ‘I8. The shaft is suitably supported in bearing standards 18 carried by the plate II, and carries at its opposite end, a bevelled gear 88 which en gages a bevelled gear 8| operatively associated with a control device 82. The gear 8| is secured to a stub shaft 83 which is journalled in the base l2 and extends upwardly therethrough for opera tive connection to the device 82. The device 82 comprises preferably, a circular plate or disc which is provided with a central hub 84 removably secured to shaft 83, and a plurality of key elements or push buttons 85 arranged around the peripheral portion of the plate. Each 70 key is comprised ‘of a head 88 presented on the upper surface of the disc, a shouldered stem 81 extended through the disc and seated in a shouldered aperture 88 formed therein, there be ing a compression spring 88 between the head 76 and the disc, all as clearly shown in Fig. 7. The with index 88, the sector will be to the left of 40 the index (Fig. 1), and when the ?rst key in the consecutive order, marked “1", is brought into registry with index 88 by a clockwise rotation of disc 82, the sector will be to the right of the index. These two positions indicate the limits 45 of rotary movement of disc 82, as when key “100" is in registry with index 88, the tray abutment 12a engages the forward stop 12b, and similarly, when key “1” is registered with the index, the tray abutment engages the rear stop ‘'20. Thus, 50 movement of the disc beyond these limits to register sector 88a with index 88, is effectively prevented. Once this condition with respect to the colored sector, is established in the mind of an operator, it becomes a simple matter to 55 operate the control disc 82 properly, in the se lection of any desired pocket for registry with the feeder nozzle 64. For example, assume the position of the parts as shown in Fig. 1, where in key “108" is registered with index 88 and the 60 colored sector 88a is disposed adjacently to, but to the left of the index. Now, assume it is de sired to register key “18" with the index 88. This can be done only by rotating disc 82 in a clockwise direction, for to rotate the disc coun terclockwise to effect the desired registry, would require the passage of the sector 88a through registry with the index, and this is effectively prevented as above described. The reason for the described limitation of disc movement is 70 readily apparent, for assuming the condition noted immediately above, wherein it is desired to register key “10" with index 88, to permit rota tion of the disc in a counterclockwise direction so as to carry the sector 8811. through registry 76 2,132,281 6 with index 88,,would e?ect a movement of tray 85 so far forwardly of the front edge 88 of the frame, that the rearmost pocket A would be car ried forwardly of, and clearly out of alignment with the feed nozzle 84. Hence, the described limitation of both tray and‘ disc movement, serves , to assure at all times, an operative association of the tray pockets and the check feeding mecha nism. While it is felt to bev evident from the above 10 description of the tray 85 and associated control device 82 as to the arrangement and operation thereof, it is desired to point out further, cer ‘ tain characteristics of the mechanism. For ex 15 ample, assume that key “76” is disposed in reg istry with index 88, and that it is desired to register key “80” with the index. The operator may then rotate disc 82 in a counterclockwise direction to effect such registry. Again, with 20 key “76” in register with index 88, it is desired to register key “70" with the index. This is accomplished by rotating disc 82 in a clockwise to line lead I8, while the opposite motor terminal is connected’ to switch contacts 88 and I88 through a branched lead I82. The movable switch contact 88 is connected to line lead- I88 through lead I84 and a manually operated switch I88. Hence, when arm 88 is pivotally actuated in either direction from its normally centered posi tion wherein the switch is open, the contact ele ment 88 will make contact with either the ele ment 88 or element I88, whereby to close the 10 motor circuit. Closure of the switch is effected whenever a'push button is depressed and the disc 82 rotated in the proper direction as heretofore described, to bring the depressed button into registry with marker 88, as the depressed stem 81 15 of the key or button strikes the upper end of arm 88, and thereby actuates it to close the motor cir cuit coincidentally with the registry of the but; ton and marker 88. The motor will continue to operate as long as the particular button is held depressed and in registry with the marker 88. ' In the operation of the system, the operator direction to bring key “70" opposite the index. ?rst notes the serial number on the front check of From the examples given, it will appear as a gen is 10. The operator then manually depressed key 25 marked “10" and assuming the position of the disc shown in Fig. 1, rotates disc 82 in a clock wise direction, until this key is registered with the marker 88. This operation positions that pocket of tray 85 which corresponds to the key 30 marked “10”, in check receiving registry with the feeder nozzle 84, and coincidentally therewith, closes the motor circuit through switch 84. The motor then operates the check separating and feeding mechanism in the manner heretofore de scribed, whereby the front check is removed from the magazine and deposited in the selected pocket on tray 85. The operator then rapidly reading the serial number of the next succeeding check in the magazine, repositions the disc 82 in a simi 40 lar manner, whereby the operation of the mech anism is repeated to place such check in the se lected pocket. In the event that there are several adjacent checks in the stack bearing the same serial designation or identifying mark, the oper eral working rule, in order to attain the greatest possible speed and efficiency in operation, to actu ate the key disc 82 in a clockwise direction for selection of a symbol or number of lower order, and in a counterclockwise direction to proceed 30 to a symbol or number of higher order, and to avoid traversing the index 88 with the deadline area of sector 88a. It has been found to facili tate operator selection, to dispose the selector keys in a plurality of rows on the disc, for ex 35 ample, in two such rows of numeral keys, the even numbered keys in an outside row and odd numbered keys staggered with respect thereto, I in an inside row. Accordingly, from the fore going, the operational characteristics of the con 40 trol mechanism will be now evident. - Referring to Figs. 4 and 5, the side 8I of rack bar ‘I8 on tray 85, is serrated or notched as shown, there being one notch for each pocket on the tray. Cooperating with the notches is a pawl or 45 ratchet element 82 formed of spring material and supported by an arm 88 which is preferably secured to one of the bearing standards 15. Thus the pawl and notches provide a ratchet arrange ment which serves to releasably maintain the tray in position to register a selected pocket with 50 the feed nozzle 84. Operation of the disc 82 to position a pre selected pocket of tray 85 in check receiving reg istry with the nozzle 84, may be utilized also, to effect upon such registry of the pocket, operation 55 of the motor and reduction gear unit 24 to actu ate the check separating and feeding mechanism. Accordingly, an electric switch device 84 (Fig. 7) , of any suitable type, is secured to the base I2, the device including in the present example, a case 85 and a pivoted arm 88 which extends up wardly through the open upper end of the case, the arm extending closely adjacent the under surface of the disc 82, and in registry with the push buttons 85 and the marker 88. The arm 88 65 is normally substantially centered in the case, as by springs 81, and supports a contact element 88 of the switch. Complemental contact ele ments 88 and I88 are carried by the case 85 in 70 any suitable manner, these contacts being dis posed on opposite sides of the case and arranged so that contact 88 may engage either one. Fig. '7 illustrates also, in a diagrammatic manner, the circuit connections of the switch and motor. Thus, one terminal of the motor 24 is connected 75 the stack, and say for example, the number noted ator may continue to hold the proper key de pressed and in registry with the marker 88, until those checks have been delivered to the selected pocket. To facilitate removal of the checks from the pockets on tray 85, the left ends of the pocket forming partitions 1| are cut away at an angle, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, thereby leaving ex posed the left end portions of the checks. More over, it is to be noted that the tray 85 and disc 82 may be removed without disturbing the re mainder of the mechanism, this feature being provided so that a tray having a particularly de sired number of pockets, and a disc 82 having the corresponding number of keys, may be substituted for those already in use. In this connection, it is to be noted that when the mechanism is uti lized to sort cancelled checks or the like, it may be desirable and most advantageous to sort the checks initially, into groups, as for example, all 100 series checks in one group, the 200 series checks in another, and so on. Thereafter, the units in one group may be sorted into consecutive order, and thence the same for the units of suc ceeding groups. Accordingly, the provision for a ready exchange of trays differing in the number of pockets carried thereby, fully adapts the mech anism to a wide range of sorting operations. -While the check separating and feeding mech anism is preferably motor operated, as herein de 7 2,132,281 scribed, provision is made for operating the mech anism manually, as by a crank arrangement shown at H0 in Fig. 3. The crank includes a manually operated handle III suitably connected to a shaft H2 which extends inwardly of frame able upon the forwardmost check in said maga zine, in successive steps to de?ect said check from the magazine, direct it to said feeder and thence displace the check into the selected pocket of H), for operative connection to the shaft (not shown) supporting pinion 26, this shaft being the compartment structure. included in and forming an element of the reduc scribed, comprising a check magazine, a check feeder, a reciprocable receiver for the sorted checks, provided with a plurality of check-re 10 tion gear portion of the motor-gear unit 24. A 10 suitable clutch U3 may be provided as shown, for disconnecting the hand crank whenever it is desired to operate the machine by motor unit 24. In the present example, the handle III is shown as located on the right side of frame III,‘ as a mat 15 ter of convenience to the operator. However, the handle readily may be located at any other convenient point with respect to the frame. As will readily appear from the construction of the switch shown by Fig. 7, this switch possesses 20 an inherent function as an automatic mechanical limiting device. This is due to the fact that the movement permitted the arm 96, is the same in either direction from its normally centered posi tion, thus effecting a de?nite position of stop of 25 the disc when any selected key is depressed, so as always to bring the disc to the same predeter mined stop relation with respect to the index 90, according to the key selected. It will further appear that the check-feeding 30 mechanism and tray construction as described, are fully operative, although with possibly less speed, even though the rotatable selector disc 82, and its appurtenances, be omitted. In such case a ?xed longitudinal scale (not shown) may be used in cooperation with a pointer or index ele ment carried by the tray itself, so that the tray may be directly manually actuated to its prede termined positions which are indicated by the reading of such pointer on the ?xed scale. ’ 40 compartment structure, and mechanism oper The present invention facilitates to a marked degree, the sorting of ?exible units, such as checks, sales slips and the like, and further, pro vides a machine for this purpose, which is com pact and positive in operation, and requires little 45 attention in the matter of adjustment or repair. It is to be understood, of course, that the draw ings and the accompanying description thereof, relate to the preferred embodiment of the in vention, and that alterations and modi?cations in the parts and arrangement thereof, may be ef fected within the scope of the following claims. I claim as my invention: 1. In a device for separating and feeding and sorting individual sheets from a supply thereof, means for separating and edgewise displacing the sheets, one at a time, in a substantially ?xed plane, a receiver formed to provide a plurality of spaced planes of deposit for the sheets, and a bodily shiftable assembly of selector keys, a 60 positive mechanical connection between the key assembly and the receiver, arranged upon actu ation of the assembly of keys, for moving the re ceiver and locating same in de?nite positions with the last said planes in selective, substantial 65 coincidence with said plane of feeding. 2. A check handling machine for the purpose described, comprising a check magazine, a check feeder, a compartment structure providing plu rality of check-receiving pockets, means for po 70 sitioning said pockets selectively in a predeter mined ?xed check-receiving relation to said feed er, the pocket positioning mechanism including a plurality of pocket selector keys, a bodily mov able frame by which the keys are carried, a 75 geared connection between the frame and the 3. A check handling machine of the type de ceiving pockets, means for positioning selectively, any of said pockets in check-receiving relation to a predetermined ?xed station adjacent said feed er, the positioning means including a plurality of manually operable pocket-selector keys, a 15 movable key carrier, a positive mechanical con nection for translating movement of the carrier" to the receiver and mechanism operatively initi ated by said pocket positioning means, for suc cessively deflecting from the magazine the for 20 wardmost check therein, and directing said check to said feeder. 4. A check handling machine of the type de scribed, comprising a check magazine, a check feeder, a reciprocably mounted check-receiving 25' tray formed to provide a plurality of check-re ceiving pockets selectively positionable in a pre established check-receiving relation to said feed er, means operable to de?ect from said magazine, the forwardmost check therein and to direct said 30 check to said feeder, and key-operated mecha nism controlling the operation of said means and the positioning of said pockets relative to the feeder, said mechanism including a displaceable key carrier, a plurality of keys thereon, and a 85 mechanical drive between the carrier and the tray. 5. A check handling machine of the type de scribed, comprising a check magazine, a check feeder, a movable check-receiving member bear 40 ing a plurality of check-receiving compartments, mechanism operatively associated with said -member, adapted for actuating the member to position selectively, any of said compartments in check-receiving registry with a ?xed delivery 46 portion of said feeder, said mechanism including a plurality of compartment selector keys, a mov able table by which the keys are carried, and with which the keys serve as selective stop elements, a single substantially stationary stop common to 50 a plurality of the keys, a geared connection be tween the table and the check-receiving mem ber, means for delivering the forwardmost check in said magazine to said feeder, and an operating device for said delivery means, controlled by said 55 compartment positioning mechanism. 6. A check handling machine of the type de scribed, comprising in combination with holding and feeding means for a plurality of checks, a movable container member bearing a plurality 60 of check-receiving pockets, means providing for horizontal rectilinear movement of the container member, an actuating device for said member, including a plurality of selector keys, a pivotally mounted disc on which the keys are depressibly 65 mounted, and with which the individual keys coact to determine the desired extent of rotation, a mechanical drive connection between the disc and the movable container member adapted to effect selectively upon rotation of the disc, a dis 70 position of any one of said pockets, as determined by the selection of keys, in check-receiving regis try with a predetermined portion of said feeding means. - . 7. In a separating and sorting device for ?ex 75 8 2,189,281 ible sheets of a generally rectangular form, means for supporting a supply of the sheets on edge, and maintaining the supply with the forwardmost sheet in substantially a given plane, sheet lifting and ejecting mechanism operable on the sheet substantially in the last said plane, and provid ing a fixed zone of ejection by endwise move ment, of the individual sheets, a tray formed to provide a plurality of open-end, sheet-receiving 10 compartmenta-and means for selectively moving ply, means establishing a substantially fixed zone of feeding ejection, a reciprocally movable tray provided with compartments for receiving the checks as- fed, tray actuating mechanism includ- ' ing a manually rotatable frame and a plurality of depressible stop-keys thereon, the frame being mechanically connected to the tray and arranged for movement in opposite directions to effect a tray movement with respect to the feeding zone, and means cooperative with the individual keys, 10 the tray so as to bring said compartments, one for establishing a predetermined limit of move at a time, substantially into register with said ment of said frame, irrespective of the direction of its'actuation. zone of ejection, said means including a selector disc, selector keys carried thereby to determine 15 different stop positions of the disc, and a geared connection between the disc and tray. 8. In a feeding and sorting device for checks and the like, means for separating and edgewise displacing the individual checks, means estab 20 lishing a substantially ?xed zone of feeding ejec tion', va movable tray provided with compartments for receiving the checks as fed, tray actuating mechanism including a manually shiftable bank of keys and a key carrier mechanically connected IO OX to the tray, said carrier being mounted for move ment in opposite directions, the plurality of keys being arranged with the carrier to determine selectively the extent of its selected movement, an abutment cooperating with and common to 30 said keys to establish the predetermined stop po sitions of the tray, and means associated with the abutment for initiating action of the sepa rating and displacing means 9. In a feeding and sorting device for checks and the like, means for separating and edgewise ejecting the individual checks from a zone of sup 10. In a feeding and sorting device for checks and the like, means for separating and edgewise 15 ejecting the individual checks from a zone of supply, means establishing a substantially ?xed zone of feeding ejection, a horizontally and re ciprocally movable tray provided with compart ments for receiving the checks as fed, tray actu— ating mechanism including a manually rotatable selector disc, a positive mechanical connection between the disc and the tray, the disc being ar ranged for partial rotative movement in either direction about its axis, a plurality of selector 25 keys carried by the disc, mechanism including an electric motor for actuating said separating and ejecting means, and a switch in circuit with said motor and arranged to cooperate with any of said keys, in either direction of disc movement 30 to establish predetermined stop positions of said selector disc, and adapted concurrently to com plete a circuit to cause the energization of said motor. 35 JOHN F. DUNSER.