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Патент USA US2132341

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Oct. 4, 1938.
w. F. GRUPE'
2,132,341
IMPROVED MAGAZINE COVER AND METHOD OF PRODUCING SAME
Filed June 13, 1935
I
m
'N
2,132,341
Patented Oct. 4, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,132,341
IIWPROVED MAGAZINE COVER. AND METHOD
OF PRODUCING SAME
-
William F. Grupe, Lyndhurst, N. J., assignor to
Chambon Corporation, Gar?eld, N. J., a cor
poration of New York
Application June 13, 1935, Serial No. 26,373
27 Claims. (Cl. 281-29)
this view also applies to a cover similarly formed,
pursuant to my invention, from a blank in lieu
covers for publications such as magazines and to
of a web.
5 covers for other suitable articles, the cover com- -
prising front and back cover portions of multiple
ply, the exposed faces of which, that is, the ob
verse, and reverse faces of the respective 'cover
portions, are impressed with printed and/or other
10 matter.
Preferred forms of the invention in
clude multiple ply also at the hinge, or theback
bone portion,‘of the cover, such portion being
better known in the bookbinding art as the “back
portion” of the cover.
'
'
'
Pursuant to the method of my invention, the
paper or other stock in blank, and preferably in
web form, is impressed upon one face only with
the printed and/or other matter. The stock is
then folded in such manner that the impressed
20 faces are outermost in the ?nal product. The
1,5
resulting superimposed plies maybe secured to
one another, preferably by bonding with adhesive,
to form multiple-ply cover portions-for the cover.
My invention is of especial utility in enabling
25 the desired total printing and other impressions,
particularly of multi-color values, to be carried
out upon one face only of the stock, and accord
ingly at a single operation, also affording the
output of highly satisfactory products by use of
80 relatively thin stock, 1. e. of lesser “point”. My
- invention is also advantageous in that the stock
material may in itself comprise multiple plies in
cluding a ply of cheaper grade as the body, and a
relatively thin ply of ?nish grade, the printing
35 or other impressions being applied upon the ?nish
face of the multiple ply stock. or, an inferior
grade stock may be provided on one face with
a high grade ?nish for the reception of the
. impression.
‘
A characteristic of covers, pursuant to my in
vention, resides in the fact that the terminal
edges of the terminal ends of the cover portions
are rounded and smooth. Such terminal'edges
are uncut.
(5
resulting from the procedure indicated in Fig, 2;
This invention relates to impressed covers and
to the method of production.
More particularly, the invention relates to
Further features and objects of the invention
will be more fully understood from the following
detail description and the accompanying draw
ing, in which
Fig. 1 is a top plan view, largely diagrammatic,
showing a procedure of carrying out my invention
in its web phase, followed by stages of folding
and of bonding the folded portions to form the
desired cover.
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an‘ end edge view of a type of cover
'
Fig. 4 is an end elevation of a magazine, in 5
cluding its leaves, having a cover of the type
shown in Figure 3.
Fig. 5 is a detail end elevation of a magazine,
including its leaves, having another embodiment
of cover pursuant to my invention, and illustrated
onan enlarged scale.
Fig. 6 is an end elevation of a magazine, in
cluding its leaves, having another embodiment of
cover, pursuant to my invention.
Fig. 7 is a detail perspective view of another em
bodiment of my invention, illustrating the prin
ciple of one or more fiy leaves, printed or non- ‘
printed, as preferred.
The procedure indicated diagrammatically in
Figs. 1 and 2, illustrates the carrying out of my
invention in its web phase, a form of my invention
which possesses especial economies in the com
mercial utilization of my invention, as is appar
ent. However, as hereinabove and hereinbelow
setv out, my invention is not limited to such web 25
phase of its utilization, and is applicable, inter
alia, to the phase of individual blanks treated in
a manner corresponding with the web phase of
my invention.
Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, It) indicates a web 30
of paper or other suitable stock, which has been
printed as is indicated at Ma. It will be under
stood‘ that each and all of the spaces Illa’ are
likewise printed or otherwise impressed, the repe
tition of the consecutively repeated printed or 35
other impressed matter being omitted for con
venience. The lines Illa" indicate the margins
between the repeated printed areas.
H represents an adhesive applying roller and
I2 its complementary pressure roller, adhesive
being applied to the effective face of the roller
II by any suitable means, such as an applying
roll l3 contacting in turn with the effective face _
of the roller H and the face of the feed roller
M, which last named may be partly immersed in 45
a bath l5 of the adhesive contained in the 'res
ervoir I6, or the equivalent of the above. By such .
or other approved procedure‘, adhesive is applied
to the unprinted face I017, see Fig. 2, of. the
web I0.
7
Subsequent to the stage of application of ad
hesive, the laterally opposite margins of the web,
indicated at I0c, are folded inwardly against the
mid-portion of the web so that unimpressed faces
9f the web are contiguous, the folding and the
50
2
2,132,341
bonding of the juxtaposed adhesive applied faces
It is apparent that each cover portion may be I
formed of a number of plies in excess of two by
being completed by one or more sets of comple
mental pressure rolls H.
The thus or otherwise folded and bonded web
portions are then severed by suitable severing
means at the marginal lines Illa", as by a set of
the portions of the blank or web which eventually
become the inner and outer faces, that is, the CK
reverse and obverse faces, of the respective cover
complemental severing rolls Ila, thus yielding
portions.
individual covers. A severing blade is indicated
at I'Ib.
10
Correspondingly, in carrying out the blank
phase of the invention, individual blanks of the
suitable folding, the printing being con?ned to
'
' My invention may also afford an integrally
connected fly leaf for each or both of the respec- .'
tive front and back cover portions, by providing 10
sufficient additional ,width of the web or the
full width, are appropriately printed or otherwise
blank.
impressed upon one face, adhesive applied to
Figs. 3 and 4, and as indicated in Fig. '7, the two
the under, i. e., unimpressed face and laterally
fly leaves 22 extend freely from the lines of ter
minations I00’. One face of each such fly leaf,
15 opposite portions respectively folded to form the
desired cover.
One type of cover, pursuant to my invention,
is indicated in Fig. 3, the desired printing or
other impressions appearing on one or both faces
20 Illa, as optionally preferred, of the front and back
cover portions. In Fig. 3 there is indicated at 18
a reduced thickness of the cover, appropriately
and herein termed the hinge or backbone of such
cover. The backbone portion of the type shown
25 in Fig. 3 is effected by spacing the terminations,
i. e. edges, see We, llle, from one another; The
backbone thus comprises one ply of the material
‘whereas each cover portion comprises two plies.
A magazine having the type of cover shown in
30 Fig. 3, is indicated in Fig. 4, its leaves l9, usually
comprised of one or more signatures, stapled,
sewed or otherwise bound to one another, being
suitably secured at their aligned edges l9a to the
backbone l8. The securement is preferably of
35 permanent form for the life of the magazine.
As is indicated in Fig. 1 by the manner of fold
ing of the edges Hle, namely in butt to butt rela
tionship, each individual cover results in the type
indicated in Fig. 5, namely, having its backbone
40 portion l8’ of double, i. e., the same number of
plies as the respective folded cover portions, the
leaves IQ of the book, of one or more signatures,
or equivalent, being suitably permanently se
cured, see l9a, to such backbone portion l8’ of
the cover.
_
In Fig. 6 is shown another type of cover, name
1y. providing for overlapping at the backbone por
tion of the cover, thus e?ecting an increased
Applied to the type of cover shown in
i. e., that face which is coincidental with the
printed faces of the cover portions, may also be
. printed, if desired.
Economy in cost of material and also increased
tensile, shearing and puncture strengths, as well
as enhanced qualityof product are attained, by
the laminated structure of the front and the rear
cover portions, in which, incidentally, thinner
than usual stock may be utilized. Individual plies
are serially and integrally connected. The inter 25
vening layer of adhesive may be selected and ap- ~
plied to enhance the degree of ?exibility or rigid
ity of the resulting laminated structure.
It should be noted that the present invention
refers to covers which are adapted to positively 30
bind suitable inserts such as publications, blank
sheets, book-matches and {articles having gen
erally similar characteristics. For this purpose,
each cover pursuant to this invention is provided
with a back portion which integrally connects 35
multiple-ply cover portions and provides hinge
action for the cover portions relative to each
other,‘and, pursuant to the method of this in
vention, the blank after being formed, is folded
to produce the desired line ofv hinge in providing 40
the resulting‘ cover with the required back por
tion and with integrally related cover portions
for the reception and the securement in book
formation, of a suitable insert.
It is advantageous that the back portion of
the cover be formed at and along that portion
of the blank or web at which’ the original lateral
number of plies at the backbone portion l8" of
edges thereof are located after the ?rst folding
and securing operations. That is to say, that
50 the resulting cover as compared with the num
ber of plies of each cover. Such form of cover is
intermediate location in the blank or web at
which those edges of the blank or'web which were
‘particularly applicable for magazines and the
the original lateral edges thereof, just meet or
like, the leaves 19 of which are secured by staple,
see 20, or other mechanical form of attachment
55 to the cover, the increased number of plies at
the backbone portion enhancing such mechanical
attachment.
Recurring to the type of cover shown in Figs. 3
and 4, the widths of the inner plies of the cover
60 portions are, respectively, less than one-fourth of
the total width of the web or the blank. In the
type of cover shown in Fig. 5, the widths of the
inner plies of the cover portion, are exactly one
fourth of the total width of the web or the blank.
In the type of cover shown in Fig. 6, the widths of
the inner plies of the cover portions are, respec-v
are spaced apart, or overlap, pursuant to the
preferred type of folding operation afore-de
scribed in detail, is ideally adapted to become the
back portion of the cover for the reception and
positive'securement of the insert.
Whereas I have described my invention by ref
erence to speci?c forms thereof it will be under
stood that many changes and modi?cations may 60
be made without departing from the spirit of the
invention as de?ned herein and in the claims that
follow.
I claim:
_
1. The method of producing a cover of the 65
character described, which comprises impressing
tively, greater, to a desired extent, , than one
one face of a blank of sheet material, forming
fourth of the total width of the web or the blank.
-It will be observed that in the above embodi
70 ments of- my invention, the eventual terminal
edges,‘see 2|, of the terminal ends of the cover
portions by reason of the stated folding opera
tions, are each rounded and smooth, thus avoid
multiple plycover portions integrally hinged to
ing the so-called “raw” edges inevitably ensuing
75 upon cutting or other severing operation.
each other through the medium of a cover back
portion by folding the blank upon itself so that 70
impressed face portions are faced outwardly, and
securing the folded over part to the main part
‘of the blank.
_
2. The method of producing a cover‘ of the
character described, which comprises impressing 75
3 .
2,132,341
one face of a blank of sheet material, forming
multiple ply cover portions integrally hinged to
each other by folding the blank upon itself so
that impressed portions are faced outwardly, and
til by bonding the folded over part to the main part
of the blank by interposing adhesive between
contiguous faces, and folding the so-prepared
blank to form a cover having an insert-receiving
back portion.
10
’
3. The method of producing a cover of the
character described which comprises impressing
one face of a blank of sheet material, forming
multiple ply cover portions integrally hinged to
each other through the medium of a cover back
portion by folding one set of laterally opposite
margins of the blank inwardly against the mid
portion of the blank so that impressed faces are
faced outermost, and securing the said margins
in their new positions.
20
-
4. vThe method of producing articles of the
character described which comprises impressing
11. The method, as recited in claim 3, of pro
ducing a cover of the character described-where
in the stated folding operation is so carried out
that the terminal edges of the said margins which
10
are folded, just meet.
12. The method, as recited in claim 3, of pro
ducing a cover of the character described, where
in the stated folding operation is so carried out
that the terminal edges of the said margins which
are folded, overlap by approximately the desired
width of the back portion of the resulting cover.
_13. A method, as recited in claim 4, of produc
ing multiple-ply covers of the character de
scribed, wherein the stated folding operation is
so carried out that the terminal edges of the
folded margins fall short of meeting by approxi
mately the desired width of the back portion of a
14. A method, as recited in claim 4, of produc
ing multiple-ply covers of the character de
scribed, wherein the stated folding operation is so
carried out that the terminal edges of the folded
covers from the so folded web across the width
margins just meet.
thereof, and folding the so-prepared blanks to
15. A method, as recited in claim 4, of producing
multiple-ply covers of the character described, 30
wherein the stated folding operation is so carried
out that the terminal edges of the folded margins
tions, respectively.
5. The method of producing multiple ply covers
of the character described, each having multiple
ply cover portions which are integrally hinged to
L: Li each other through the medium of a cover back
portion, which comprises impressing one face of
resulting cover.
_
overlap by approximately the desired width of
the back portion of a resulting cover.
16. A method, as recited in claim 5, of producing 35
tinuously folding the laterally opposite margins
multiple-ply covers of the character described,
wherein the stated folding operation is so carried
out that the terminal edges of the folded margins
fall short of meeting by approximately the de
of the web inwardly against the mid-portion of
sired width of the back portion of a resulting 40
the web so that impressed faces are faced outer
cover.
a web of sheet material, applying adhesive con
tinuously to the opposite face of the web, con
most, continuously pressing the adhesively coated
contiguous faces together, and successively sev
ering individual covers from the so folded web
across the width thereof. ,
6. A cover of the character described, compris
,
17. A method, as recited in claim 5, of producing
multiple-ply covers of the character described,
wherein the stated folding operation is so carried
out that the terminal edges of the folded margins
45
just meet.
ing multiple ply cover portions integrally hinged
18. A method, as recited in claim 5, of producing
through the medium of a cover back portion, the
multiple-ply - covers of the character described,
individual plies of respective cover portions being
serially and integrally connected and secured to
one another in their superimposed positions, and
the hinged back portion being of the same ply as
wherein the stated folding operation is so carried
out that the terminal edges of the folded margins ,
the cover positions.
'
7. A cover of the character described, compris
' ing multiple ply cover portions integrally hinged
through the medium of a cover back portion, the
individual plies of respective cover portions being
serially and integrally connected and bonded to
one another in their superimposed positions by
60
resulting cover.
one face of a web of sheet material, continuously
folding the laterally opposite margins of the web
inwardly against the mid-portion of the web so
that impressed faces thereof are faced outermost,
continuously securing the said margins in their
new positions, successively severing individual
30 form covers having insert-receiving back por
All
in the stated folding operation is so carried out
that the terminal edges of the said margins which
are folded, fall short of meeting by approximately
the desired width of the back portion of the
overlap by approximately the desired width of the
back portion of a resulting cover.
19. The method of ‘producing a cover of the
character described which comprises impressing
one face of a blank of sheet material, forming 55
multiple-ply cover portions integrally hinged to
each other through the medium of a cover back
portion by. folding one set of laterally opposite
margins of the blank inwardly against the mid
interposed layers of adhesive, and the hinged
portion of the blank so that impressed faces are 60
back portion being‘ of the same ply as the cover
faced outermost, and bonding the folded margins
to the ‘mid-portion of the blank by interposing ad
hesive therebetween.
20. The method, as recited in claim 19, of pro
portions.
~
8. .A cover for publications, comprising multiple
ply cover portions integrally hinged through‘the
65 medium of a cover back portion, the individual
plies of respective cover portions being secured
to one another and being integrally connected
at the terminal edge of their terminal ends to
provide a rounded edge, for such terminal edge,
which is smooth and blunt.
ducing a cover of the character described, wherein 65
the stated folding operation is so carried out
that the terminal edges of the said margins which
are folded, fall short of meeting by approxi—
mately the desired width of the back portion of
'
70
21. The method, as recited in claim 19, of pro
individual plies of respective cover portions are , ducing a cover of the character described, wherein
the stated folding operation is so carried out that
bonded to one another by adhesive.
the terminal edges of the said margins which are
10. The method, as recited in claim 3, of pro
75
folded, just meet.
ducing a cover of the character described, where
9. A cover as recited in claim 8 wherein the
the resulting cover.
2,132,341
sitions', and the hinge portion being of greater
22. The method, as recited in claim 19, of pro
ducing a cover of the character described, wherein
the stated folding operation is so carried out that
the terminal edges of the said margins which are
folded, overlap by approximately the desired
width of the back portion of the resulting cover.
23. The method of producing magazine covers
bearing legible matter upon the respective ob~
verse and reverse faces of each cover, which com
10 prises repeatedly impressing the desired legible
matter at intervals upon one face of a web of
ply than the cover portion.
_
25. A cover of the character described compris
ing multiple ply cover portions integrally hinged,
the individual plies of respective cover portions
being serially and integrally connected and
bonded to one another in their superimposed po
sitions by interposed layers of adhesive, and the
hinge portion being of greater ply than the cover
portions.
26. A cover of the character described compris
material of the nature of paper, continuously
ing multiple ply cover'portions integrally hinged,
folding the laterally opposite margins of the thus
impressed web inwardly, so that impressed faces
the individual plies of respective cover portions
being serially and integrally connectedand se
15 are faced outwardly, the respective lines of fold
10
cured to one another in their superimposed po
being spaced from the lateral edges of the web ‘sitions, and the hinge portion being of lesser ply
approximately one-fourth of the total width of ‘than the cover portion.
the web, securing the so folded margins of the
27. A cover of the character described compris
web in their new positions, and severing the so
ing multiple ply cover portions integrally hinged,
folded web at the margins of the repeated im
the individual plies of respective cover portions 20
being serially and integrally connected and bonded
pressions.
24. A cover‘of the character described compris
ing multiple ply cover portions integrally hinged,
the individual plies of respective cover portions
being serially and integrally connected and se
cured to one another in their superimposed po
to one another in their superimposed positions by
interposed layers of adhesive, and the hinge por
tion being of lesser ply than the cover portions.
WILLIAM F. GRUPE,
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