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Патент USA US2132415

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‘
'
“w. T. GOLLWITZER
W
2,132,415
PRINTING MACHINE
Original Filed Feb. 24, 1936
3 Shgets-Sheet 1
INVENTUR.
A TTORNEYS.
Oct. 11, 19§8.
I w. T. GQLLWITZER "
2,132,415
PRINTING MACHINE
Oi‘iginal Filed Feb. 24, 1956'
3 ‘Sheets-Sheet 2
A TTORNEYS.
Ochl’l, 1.938.
w. T. GOLLWITZER
2,132,4"H’:v
PRINTING MACHINE
Original Filed Feb. 24, 1936
'
'3 Sheets-Sheet 5.
INVENmR.
,
AmRNEYSQ
2,132,415
Patented Oct. 11, 1938
UN I TED S TATE S
PATENT O‘FF'l-“CE
2,132,415
:PRINTING MACHINE
Walter T. Gollwitzer, :Euclid,>0hio, assignor ‘to
Addressograph-Multigraph Corporation, Wil
mmgton, ‘D‘eL, a corporation of Delaware
1 Original application February 24, 1936, ‘Serial No.
65,376. ‘Divided and this application February
19, 1938, Serial No. 191,501
14 Claims. (01. 271—7)
This application is a‘ division of my co-pending forthe. preparation of checks and more; particu
application Serial No. 65,376, ?led February 24, larly dividend payment :checks of a corporation,
1936.
‘This invention'relatesto printingmachines es
.5 pecially of !the kind in which impressions are
made‘ on ‘sheets vfed through the machine from
printing devices sequentially fed through the ma
chine and‘the primary object is to feed the'sheets
rapidly and accurately into and'throug'h printing
‘10 positionr‘in the machine.
'
kinds of business instruments for many other v5
purposes may be prepared as will be apparent
from the following description.
‘The distribution of 'a‘dividend declared by ‘a
corporation among its shareholders is usually
done by checks 'and‘because of'the large number 10
of shareholders the‘preparation. of the dividend
“Another object is to provide a plurality of in
dependent means along the-path of‘ travel of‘ the
sheets through the ‘machine'tosmove the sheets
rapidly from one position'to "another.
A- further object is to'arra‘nge'the sheet feeding
means at selected positions along‘the path of
travel of‘the sheetsrthrough the machinewhere
by‘ proper, efficient and speedy movement of the
bearing suitable meansr‘from which such impress
~sheets is-e?ected.
'sion could be ‘made. v"Furthermore, ' in =my co
.
A stillfurther ‘object is-tol'provi‘de sheet‘movi'ng
‘means that will normally be out of engagement
with, the sheets ‘and "which will" bev brought into
engagement ' with ~ ‘the "sheets to reflect movement
thereof 1‘ through the vmachine “at ‘predetermined
2.5 times inthe operation of‘the'machine.
Other objects are to feed a sheet fromcthe'sheet
‘severing‘mechanism or:initial,posltion inithe ma
chine ?rsti'in ‘onev direction‘into‘ onepartof the
machine'and then-in ‘adi?'erent direction into
10 ‘other [parts of 'the‘machine in‘which parts vari
ous printing,impressionsrmay be made upon‘the
sheet andto'feed asheet from‘ the sheet severing
Vmech‘anism'or initial position‘ in the machine into
apart of‘ the machine 'il’1',WhiCh"a, printing im
;5 zpressionvisr-made on'the sheet and then-pass the
‘sheet backpast the next succeeding ‘sheet severed
in theseveringmechanism-ror otherwise intro-'
=ducedinto other parts of the‘machineto receive
'further printing impressions thereon.
to
but it is to be understood-‘that this is‘ merely an
illustrative use of 'the‘invention for many other
checks ‘has been an arduous‘ and time-consuming
task. The preparation ‘of [such checks has been
simpli?ed and speeded'up-rby printing the names
or other identi?cation of i the shareholders from 15
printing devices,vsuchlas areshown‘ for example in
my Patent ' 1,979,261,’ patented Novemberv 6, - 1934,
pen-ding application Serial No.~65,376,v ?led Feb
ruary 24,1936, of which this application is a divi
sion, I illustratedrran'd described inwdetailiother
mechanisms for facilitating *the- distribution of
12°
dividends’ by 'checks‘to (the ‘shareholders of‘ a» cor
poration 'andi'for the preparation of other like 25
business instruments.
For the purpose of illustratingthis inventionI
have shown-a r-machine which will completely
print .the check" or other: businessinstrument and
.to this end I have provided a printing couple ,30
'wherein'the'datdthe number, and signature may,
be conveniently printed, -a variable printerunder
control of a’ printingandcontrol device for-print
ing theamount, printing means for .making an
impression directly from the printing and control . 35
device toprintthe address and another printing
couple wherein the form ofthe check may be
conveniently printed,'and--»a calculating machine,
speci?cally in this instance,.an adding machine,
:A selected‘em-bodimentof my invention is il
=lustrated in the accompanying drawings‘wherein
Fig. 11s a top .plan/view-of an-entire machine
embodying my. invention;
whereina total of the amounts printedon the
various checks may be accumulated and wherein
avrecord of the amounts so printed may bevpre
pared.
I have also shown a machine wherein a
lFig._y2.is atop plan -view,.drawn toan enlarged ' web is withdrawn from a-roll of blank paperand
;5 .scale, of -aportionof .the'right-han'd-end of the
printing machine as viewed-.in-Fig. 1;
severed to provide the instrument blanks.
Thus, referring to therdrawings, a roll R .of
Fig. 3 is ..a vertical sectional View taken sub ' blank‘ paper, which may be .so-called safety paper
..stantially- on the line .3-—3 .on Fig. .1;
when checks are'to be printed, is mounted in a
Fig. 4 is a sectional view througha portionvof suitable supporting standliilas, for example, like
Oithe‘rightshandend of the printing machineas that shown in my coepending application Serial. 50
viewed in Fig. 1;.and
.
.Fig. 5 is a. sectional‘ detail view taken substan
tially onthe line 5—5 on Fig. .4.
i-The selected embodiment of the invention
5 .ishown inthe accompanying drawings is adapted
~
No. 78,681,.?led May 8, 1936. A web .W is with
drawn from the roll and, if desired, suitable un
windingmeans such as that ‘disclosed in my just
referred to co-pending application may be associ
ated with the rollso that tension onthe web will?55
2,132,415
2
ever, other feeding means are provided for the
web which so feed the web that the various im
be kept uniform. The web W is passed between
the cylinders 5| and 52 of a printing couple, which
pressions made thereon in the printing couple
are properly spaced relative to the longitudinal
cylinders are respectively mounted on shafts 53
and 54, Fig. 4, that are. suitably journaled in a
margins of the checks. The web is severed in
termediate each set of impressions made by the
printing means on the printing cylinder 52 so
that one set of impressions appears on each of
the checks. If business instruments other than
checks were being printed in the machine, other 10
types of printing means might be provided as
frame 55, Figs. 1 and 2, mounted at the right
hand end of the printing machine, as illustrated
in Fig. 1. During impression operations of the
cylinders 5| and 52 the web W is fed there
through, additional feeding means for the web
10 being mounted in the frame 55, as will be ex
plained presently.
7
dictated by the requirements of the particular
instrument.
Power is supplied to the shafts 53 and 54 from
a suitable motor 56 preferably mounted on the
frame of the printing machine. A pulley is
mounted on the shaft of the motor and an endless
belt 58 is passed thereabout. The belt is also
passed about the pulley 59 fast on the shaft 60'
that is journaled in the frame 55 and which
shaft 60 is continuously rotated so long as the
20 motor 56 is in operation. A pinion 6|, Figs. 1
and 2, fast on the shaft 66 meshes with the gear
62 rotatably mounted on the shaft 63 rotatably
journaled in the frame 55.
Preferably the shafts 53 and 54 are’ inter
25 mittently rotated and to this end a clutch is
provided so that power may be intermittently
picked up from the gear 62 and imparted to the
In the form of the invention illustrated I em
ploy a web- of a width equal to the desired length
of the checks for checks are usually of greater
length than width and by servering the checks
from the web in this manner I am enabled to
sever a great many more checks from a web of
a given length than ,I would be able to do if
the web were the same width as that desired
of the checks and the web was severed trans
versely of the checks rather than longitudinally
thereof. However, it is important that the checks
be of a uniform width and I therefore feed the
leading edge of the web past a severing device
in an equal amount in each operation of the
feeding means and by so doing I insure that the
checks will be of uniform width.
In the accompanying drawings I have illus 30
shaft 63. To this end a hub 64 is provided on the
gear 62 which has clutch‘ teeth thereon. A col
30 lar 6,6, slidably but non-rotatably mounted on
the shaft 53, has clutch teeth thereon adapted to
cooperate with the clutch teeth on the hub 64.
A stud 68 is provided on the collar 66 and is
adapted to cooperate with a cam face 69, Fig. 2,
on the plate ‘I0 pivotally mounted on the frame
55. Springs ‘I2 normally urge the clutch teeth
on the collar 66 toward, the clutch teeth on the
trated a web feeding means such as is fully
shown and described in my copending applica
tion Serial No. 65,376 and which includes a pair
of shafts I25, I26a, Fig. 4, rotatably mounted
in the frame 55. Suitable resilient clamping
hub and when these teeth are engaged the shaft
63 rotates the gear 62. However, when the cam
40 face 69 on the plate ‘I0 is in engagement with
the stud 68, as shown in Fig. 2, the clutch teeth
on the collar 66 are held separated from the
clutch teeth on the hub 64, and the gear 62
rotates freely without imparting movement to
45 the shaft 63. The engagement of the clutch teeth
is under control of an electromagnet which is
energized when initially setting the machine in
operation, as more fully described in my co
pending application Serial No. 65,376, heretofore
50
referred to.
a
>
This arrangement insures accurate registration
A bevel gear ‘I9 fast on the shaft 63 meshes of the impression made on the web.
Inasmuch as there may be conditions requir
with a bevel gear 80 fast on the shaft 53 ‘where
by this shaft is rotated with shaft 63 whenever ing variations in the width of the checks, I pro
it is rotated. Equally sized intermeshing gears vide an adjustable crank arrangement in the
8| and 82, Fig. 4., are respectively fast on the means which imparts rotative movement to the
shafts 53 and 54 whereby these two shafts rotate : shafts I25, 125a and to the feed rollers as I21
carried thereby. Such an adjustable crank in
in synchronism. The cylinder 5| may be seg
mental in shape to afford an interrupted platen cludes the arm I3I fast on the shaft 53 and has
adapted to cooperate with the printing cylinder 52.
60
rollers as I2'I, Fig. 2, or the like are provided on
the shafts and the web is clamped in the bite
of these rollers. Suitable guide strips I29 ex
tend between the shafts I25, I260. in staggered
relation with the rollers as I2‘I, the inner free
ends of these guide strips being supported near
the discharge of the bite between the cylinders
5| and 52 by a rod I3I0. As the web passes from
the bite between the cylinders 5| and 52 it moves
up over the guides I29 into the bite between the
rollers as I21. By resting the web on the strips
I29 as it passes from the cylinders 5| and 52
it may buckle upwardly and the loop thus formed
is diminished as the feed rollers as I2'I operate.
a bifurcated guideway I32 therein. , One end of
In the present instance when checks are be
a link I33 is adjustably secured in the guide- .
ing printed the printing cylinder '52 is equipped
way I32. The arm I3I rotates with the shaft 53
and'the adjustable mounting of. one end of the
link I33 in this arm enables variation of the
throw imparted to said link which varies the
amount of rotation of the rollers I21 and hence
the amount of web feed.
A rock arm I34 is pivotally mounted in the
frame 55 and the free end of the link I33 is
with means for printing the signature, the num
her, and the date on the check, as described
in my co-pending application Serial No. 65,376,
a pair of brackets 96 and SI supporting the de
vices which supply ink to such printing means.
The platen 5| is adapted to cooperate with the
printing means on the printing cylinder 52 and
in each rotation of the platen 5| and printing
70 cylinder 52 impressions are made on the web
W from the signature printing means, the date
printing means, and the number means. The
impressions are preferably made on the web at
spaced intervals and the web is fed forwardly
25 during an impression operation thereon. How
pivotally connected thereto.
A gear segment
I35 on the rock arm I 34 meshes with a pinion
I36 fast on the shaft I26a that is in axial align
ment with the rear shaft I25 arranged in the
same longitudinal plane as the front shaft I25,
Figs; 1 and 2. An overrunning clutch I31, Fig.
2, and a brake I38 of a design similar to the;
amen r5
‘overrunning .c-lutch- ? I13 1,1 are interposed between
'areidepo'sited'ioniiapanI I§98,":Fig.l4, above‘ the sheet
irockaarin 1 I34 Yis v‘moved upwardly, the- gear @seg
ment ' I35 'rotates'th-e ‘pinion I36 ‘andengages
JgUi-‘deWayLG forvalpurposei to‘ be explained. The
5 ‘the "clutch JI31 rand‘ “disengage's 1‘the brake 138
sheets are‘i'fedYfrom t'his'pan -_ and through the
fgu-ideway tolreceiveimpressions under control 15
and ‘rotates-‘the rear vshaft I25. Apinion [36'
is‘provi'de'd v‘ at the end of lthei‘sha‘ft "I‘26a oppo
10f’ the 1 printingnandgcontrol devices. and directly
from: the devices and‘ then intoa printing couple
site the end at ‘which 'the‘brake ‘- I38 vis'posi
\whereinitheiform isprinted on ‘the checks. ‘In
tinned, andv‘av‘pinion- I39’ fast‘onthe ~shaft v125
the lpresehtima‘chine impressions are I made ‘on
meshes with pinioniI36’ so thati'whenvthe shaft
126a 'is'rotated the shaft I‘2i5'is'also rotated.
"I'his'e'iTects-rotation o'f-the-rollers as I21 ‘and
feeding» of the web. Whenhoweverthe rock arm
the ‘is'heetsiunder 1 control .of the printing and 10
I134 rmovesldownwardly, the -» gear ~ segment I35
:drives the pinion I36 but i this ~ disengages -' the
clutch I31 and engages the brake I38 "where
upon ‘the-shafts ‘I25, I 26a ‘and ‘therefore the
'rollers;asili21 areiheld against-movement and
the ‘web is ‘clampedltherebetween. ’The rock
farm 3134 is ‘normally in the-position shown in
‘Fig. 14 and moves downwardlyv'during the‘?rst
half ‘of a cycle- of operation and upwardly dur
ingthe last half of thecycle.
"The feed rollers as I21 are ‘operated‘by the
‘just ‘described devices during the-last half of
the‘cycle of 6 operation’ of the machine and ‘dur
ing impression operations of the platen cylinder
-5I :VandIprinting cylinder'52 and feed the'web
past the severing device, now‘to be described,
‘controli'devices to? the: right, aslviewed in Fig. .1,
‘of? the position lwhereat' these sheets‘are severed
fromt the web, and impressions are made on the
sheets :Jdire‘ctly from Ithe printing devices and
.theiformiis‘lprintedwonthe sheets to the left of
such position, as viewed-in Fig. 1. 'It is to‘be
understood,i-however,ithat‘the sheets could ‘be
severed from‘fthe'web toitheleft orv to the right
of: all .i'devices? for "making: impressions. thereon or
individual sheets :could be ‘deposited in the guide ‘120
way'inianyf'desired way for passage through the
various‘ printing vmechanisms.
‘Initheiipresent machine where sheets are sev
ered from the'webiIv?rst make an impression
thereon‘ under control of the printing and con
trolr‘ldevices and to this end the sheets'are ?rst
fed :into 2a ‘variable printer, operable under
control of :control‘means ‘on the printing and
in 'an ‘amount equal to the ‘desired width of
'controlidevices. The variable printer is located
toithe right,'-iaslviewed in ‘Fig.1, of the position 430
the check.
"where ‘the sheets are severed from ‘the web, and
-
zThe severing device operates ‘during the'?rst
half of 1a ‘cycle of voperation of the machine and
severe the'check v‘from the web- that was ‘fed
C11
1 ‘i-The-iiche‘cks orilsheetsfsi'isevere'd from-thev'web
ctheirear Shaft-I25 and-i-i‘shaft IZBa. ’When~'the
thereby lin --the preceding cycle of operation.
This severing deviceincludes acarriage I39‘on
:which'a ‘rotary cutter I40 7‘ is mounted. 'This
rotary cutter I40 is urged into engagement with
'theileading edge of the ledge'by'aspringiMIl’
onto which ledge the web-isdirected by‘the
guiding ?ngers I29- and against which it is ‘held
.by suitably ‘mounted clamping ?ngers I42. In
‘onelsevering operation the carriage I39‘ and
suitable meansv are provided for “ feeding " the
sheets‘ into this I-variable‘ printer.
'lThus,fas ‘best shoWnTin Fig. -2, a housing I15
is mountedron the frame 'of'the machine adja $5
'centlthepositionlinwhich the severed sheets 'S
are deposited on the pan I98. A motor’ I15 (Figs.
'2, '4 and 5) ‘:isivprovide'di in this housing which'is
‘mounted in ‘~aiframe'I11 that is pivotally'mount
ed #infthdhou‘sing I15 asindicated at I13.‘ The um.
‘motor 'Iinclu'des
‘shaft I19 carrying a roller
iII80Ithatlvisextendedithrough an opening I8I in
vthe =sheetwguide‘I'82 on the pal-i198, which re
fthe cutter I40 'move'to'the'right, ‘as viewed‘ in - ceives the ‘sheet when it is» severed from the web.
{Fig 3, across the web, an'din theinext sever
"The motor I16l‘is so mounted that the shaft
ing operation'move to the-left-across the web, I19 thereof extends slightly at an angle relative
and this. alternate movement of‘ thecutter con
to‘ theil=ongitudinalf extent of :a ‘sheet fed there
'tinues throughout operation crane machine‘in
itowa'rd =an'dithisiinsuresproper‘feeding of the
Ltermediateoperationsof the ‘rollers as I21.
sheet.
'
'
.‘Such reciprocatory movement is imparted to
Thevmo-torhisof relatively small size and in
the carriage I39 from a suitable'rocker piv
'order‘that feeding of 1a sheet by the roller I80
otally‘mounted on the-frame-55 and operated fwill~be ‘assured *I ‘elevate and lower-the motor,
by a cam disc rotatably mounted on the shaft this-also ‘having ‘the effect ‘I of preventing the
Thefcarriajge I39 is mounted'for recipro
‘roller? from crumpling or'tearingasheet moving
cation on altrack 'I55, Figs-2 andi‘3. ‘A cable intoipositioni therebelow'whenthe sheet is sev
“I56 is connected to the carriage and-‘is led about ered from a Web in the manner abovevdescribed.
.a pulley I51 at oneend of the frame ‘support
lTheTroller‘ Ii80Jis lowered into engagement with
ing the track 155, ‘and this cable I56 is ‘also the sheet: afterit has been‘severeol from the Web
led about and connected to- vanother pulley and this is e?ectecl under control of a rod I84
mounted on another, shaft journaled in the frame :thaten‘gagestthe frame 7i-‘Il carrying the motor
760
'55. Another cable !60 islconnectefdito the car~ :I16. Theirodf If84,~as best shown in Fig. 4, is ad
riage'l39 and is 'directedabout a‘pulley I 6| at ' ‘justablysecuredi'inal bushing I85 on the arm‘ I86
the end of the lframe supporting the track I55 fof-a'rocker1Ii81ipivotally mounted on the frame
opposite the end at which the pulley ;I51 is 155-.atTI38.
‘mounted. These cables I56 and I6!) ‘are ‘op
Therrocker 1' I'ill'includes an arm, I69 to which
erated in a manner‘to reciprocate the carriage oneven'd- of=-a springIS?'is connected, the other
I39 along the track .I55 as moreifully described endf'of'said‘springbeing suitably anchored on
.in my‘ co-pending application‘Serial ‘No. 65,376. the frame‘i55. The'springl I96 normally urges the
Itwill thus beseenthat-Jduring the‘?rst'half
"o'f'each cycle of operation a sheet such'as‘a
ccheck fed past‘the severing ‘devicein the pre
ceding cycle vof operation is severed from vthe
web and is deposited ‘in position -'to 'be fed
through the machine in -»the;-manner'now »to be
. described.
-
shoulderon the arm "I89 upwardly against the
stop 1 HI v'anclwhen "the shoulderv is engaged with 570
this-lstop the‘arm I86 "an'dtherefore the rod I84
la'reihel'df in upper-positionr'whereby the roller-I80
vis'lheld inianupper position and'the lower part
of this roller is' then out» of sheet engaging posi
tion.
7
v
>
1
4
2,132,415
It will be remembered that the sheet severing
operation is completed about the time the rocker
I34 attains its lowermost position. Thus a boss
I92 is provided on the arm I89 in which an ad
justable stop I93 is mounted and this adjustable
stop is engaged by the rock arm I34 about the
time it attains its lowermost position and at the
time the rock arm attains its lowermost position
the rocker I89 is pivoted downwardly whereupon
10 the roller I80 engages the sheet on the pan I98
and feeds this sheet off of the pan I98. The roller
I80 will be rotating rapidly and as a result of this
I may use a motor of relatively small power to
drive this roller and yet effect proper feeding of
the sheet. The roller I80 feeds the sheet toward
the right, as viewed in Fig. 2.
Another motor I94 is mounted in a housing
I95 positioned to the right of the pan I98, as
Viewed in Fig. 2, and this motor has a shaft I96
20 carrying a roller I91 under which a sheet fed to
the right by the roller I89 passes, and the roller
I91 acts to rapidly feed the sheet toward the
right and into the variable printer, which printer
is described more fully hereinafter.
In the present machine the sheets move in
25
opposite directions in a portion of their line of
travel. Thus the pan I98 is mounted above the
bottom wall I99, Fig. 3, of the sheet guideway
G. As the sheets are severed from the web they
30 pass onto the plate I98 and the roller I80 en
gages the sheets as they pass onto this plate to
eject them therefrom.
'
When the roller I80 moves a sheet toward the
right, as viewed in Figs. 2 and 3,‘ the shutter 200
35 is in the elevated position shown in Fig. 3 and
the sheet engages the upturned end 20I of this
shutter and is de?ected thereby down onto the
bottom wall I99 of the sheet guideway and the
An endless belt 2I1 is passed about the pulleys
2I6, 2I5 and 2I4 and about a suitably mounted
idler pulley 2 I 8 and also about a pulley mounted
on the end of the shaft of the motor 56.
Thus so
long as the motor 56 is in operation the rollers
208, 209 and 2I0 are rotated and after a sheet has
been fed by the rollers 200 and 201 it ?rst moves
into the bite between the roller 208 and its per
manently mounted clamping roller 220 and then
into the bite between the roller 209 and its per
manently mounted clamping roller HI and
thence into position above the roller 2H] and be
low the movably mounted clamping roller 222
that cooperates with the roller 2 I 0. The just de
scribed rollers feed the sheet into the addressing
machine.
It will thus be seen that after a sheet is severed
from the web it is ?rst fed to the right into the
variable printer, then printed, and then fed to
the left into the printing machine and that in a
part of its movement to the left the sheet moves
below a part of its line of travel to the right.
The timing of the sheet movement in conjunc
tion with operation of the variable printer and
the timing of operation of the variable printer
relative to the web feeding and severing means
are explained in connection with the description
of the variable printer in my co-pending appli
cation Serial No. 65,376, but this timing is such
that the sheets are fed one at a time into and
from the variable printer. In the present in
stance upon moving from the variable printer
the sheets are fed into an addressing machine
wherein the name and address on the check or
other identi?cation is printed on the sheets.
The address printing means includes a frame
225 on which the parts thereof are mounted and
a detail description of the structure and opera
sheets are then fed onto the table 202 of the ' tion thereof is more particularly described in my
.40 variable printer. The guideway G is provided by
two strips 203 and 294 undercut on their adja
cent sides and the sheets S pass through these
undercut portions. By referring to Fig. 2 it will
be noted that the roller I91 is positioned to en
.45 gage the sheets after they have passed below
the shutter 200.
After an impression has been made on a sheet
by the variable printer it is fed to the left, as
viewed in Fig. l, and in this instance the sheet
.50 travels on the bottom wall I99 of the sheet guide
way G and it will therefore pass below the pan
I98. To insure such passage of the sheet, the
shutter 290 is lowered into engagement with the
right hand edge of the pan I98, the manner in
55 which said shutter is ‘so moved being explained
hereinafter.
In order to move the sheet rapidly toward the
,left, a motor 205, Fig. 3, is mounted below the
guideway G and includes a roller 208 that pro
60 jects up through an opening in the lower wall
on the sheet guideway. A clamping roller 291 is
co-pending application Serial No. 65,376.
The means which control the movement of
sheets through the sheet guideway G are mounted
on the rod 229 and are operated by cams carried
by the cam shaft 221 and stop ?ngers are provided
in the present instance which are movable to
and from engagement with the leading edge of
sheets moving through the guideway, these ?n
gers being moved into stopping position and hold
ing the sheets against further movement until a
predetermined time in the operation when they
are retracted from engagement with the sheets
to permit the sheets to continue their movement
through the guideway.
‘The stop ?ngers are mounted for pivotal move
ment to and from stopping position and are oper
ated by peripheral cams. If it is desired to
change the time at which the stop ?ngers move
to and from stopping position, it is merely neces
sary to change the cams.
One such cam is indi
cated by 230 in Fig. Z‘and it has a con?guration
which will operate one of the stop ?ngers in the
mounted above the guideway and, in a manner ' manner required. It is the stop ?nger indicated
to be described hereinafter, after an impression by 236 that is pivoted to and from stopping posi
tion by the cam 230.
has been made on a sheet by the variable printer
The roller 222 is carried on a rod 231 pivotally
65 this roller 201 lowers and clamps the sheet in en
gagement with the roller 296 whereupon the sheet mounted at 238 on the bed of the printing ma
chine. A ?nger 239 is connected to the rod 231
is rapidly fed toward the left as viewed in Fig. 1.
As best shown in Fig. 3, three rollers 298, 209 and is pivotally mounted and controlled in its
and 2I0 project through suitable openings in the movement by the cam 230a mounted on the cam
shaft 221. At a predetermined time after a sheet
70 bottom wall I99 of the sheet guideway and, as has been stopped by the stop ?nger 230, the cam
best shown in Fig. 3, clamping rollers mounted
immediately thereabove cooperate therewith. acts to raise the stop ?nger 238 and the cam 299a
acts to lower the ?nger 239 whereupon the rod
The rollers 288, 209 and. 2I0 are respectively fast
231 is lowered, and the roller 222 clamps the
on shafts 2| I, 2I2 and 2I3 on which shafts
pulleys 2I4, 2I5 and 2I6 are respectively fast. sheet against the roller 2I0 so that the sheet is
.75
5..
moved. forwardly; intthasheet euidewar into; the
printing positiomo?the address; printingrmeans;
operation is manually removedfromthe machine
that: is . to. say, .belowathe; platen ‘P; Other: stun
are manuallyremoved as such sheets will not‘bear
the complete- printeds data from cylinders. 5|
and‘ 52:: thereon... When; the; fourth sheet-1 S: ex
aswell, ;as additional‘ sheets. _ Three sheets, in. all
?ngersare arranged‘ along: the path of,;movemen,t
of the .~ sheets 8,; j and vthese. =, may; be moved 5 into
loweredposition toengagethe leadingedgeohthe
10
tendsbeyond the; cutter‘ Mltit is. severedifrom the
sheets to position them to receive; otherimpres~
sions.. Such. other‘ stop). ?ngers operate‘. in the
same mannereas; thestop .i?ngers 1236..
‘‘ It-has been explained'iheretoforethat=the vshut’
becauseupon being severedfromthe webnit was. 10'
terv 20.0 is movediifromandginto ' engagement. with '
depositedinthepan I98. The motor l’l?loperates
the-pan' l98:;to insure passage.v ofiasheet. Scfrom
to rotate roller; Hillv that’ extends . through the.
opening inthe sheet guide on the. pan 198.: The
the pan 1 down into; the e sheet g.uideway.~G1-'and~ to
then insure that the: sheet willlmove below. the
15 pan 1 98-;and ‘also thatlthe roller 20;"! Sis-moved} into.
cooperating relation with .the- ‘roller 206:;when‘the.
sheet: S is to be fedefrom the variable printer;
After. an impression has been made. by. the: platen
P.’=‘0f:'the>.variab1e. printer the shaft 503;‘.is. oper
20 ated tolower ‘the arm. 5.0.4! on which‘the roller
20lw'is mounted .and ‘thereupon-the. roller. 2.01:: co
operates with the roller. 20.6 sandifeedsthe. sheet S:
outof the variable printer; A pin 50.61.0nthe shaft
503: is positioned :below: the ‘rod .506; carrying the
shutter 29!}; said rod.506Rc1earing.thearrn‘ 50.45.
The rod: 5061is. pivotally- mounted in a. bracket
m'ountedlon the table top of the variable printer;
Web and fed: into the variable ‘printer, this sheet
being; the; ?rst. bearing 'a-.signature», number and
date; . The_=sheet;- is. .fed into; the variable printer
roller: lBi’iI: is lowered into engagement. withzthe
sheet; after. it has been severedfrom the Web; to 15.
urge the sheet to the right; Fig. 2; into engage.
ment with the. rotating rolleri'l 9T'under which‘ the
sheet is fedrand which roller I97‘ acts to rapidly
feed the sheet toward the right and into .‘the
20.
variable
printer:
'
g
'
.
'
'
.
As soon as the platen-of<thevvariableprinter
has Ymade an impression on the sheet the roller
20'! engages‘ the sheet to feedit out of'the vari
able printer, to the leftv inFig. 1, and: then the
sheet which was severed-by the cutter Hidin; this 2.5:
cycle of ‘operation moves into the variable printer.
Thefprinted sheet which passesoutof theivarie
The rod 5061-isurged by. gravity. into engagement.
able printer moves under the pan H38 and: on
with the pin 595f1and follows.v the movement. of
30v this pinuwith theshaft 503'.‘ It willthuslbe ‘seen
that when theroller. ZO'Iisretractedfrom clamp-.
into engagementwith the stop ?nger 236 where
ing cooperation withthen-rol-lerr 2.06 ‘the. pin 5:95:
it is held :While an impression is being made upon
the sheet: just'fed into thevariable printer and
near the end‘of which cycle the stop ?nger 238'
elevates .- the . rod 596-1 and 1 therefore. they shutter
releases the ?rst sheet which passes. on under
Milli/so that. a sheet passing from the pan-‘H98.
moves below-the shuttendownv into the-guideway
G to ‘be fed into printing'position‘ below. the vari;
propulsion of rollers 2|!l- and‘2‘22. into engage.
able- printer platenll?‘ bylthe roller I91, and that
30.
ment with a further stop ?nger to holdzthe, sheet . .
beneath the platen P, whereuponthe ?rst sheet
receives an impression directly. from a suitable
printing and control device in printing. position
after an impression hasbeen made‘by the platenv
P! the rolleri2il-1':i's~moved into clamping cooperae ' beneath the platen: After the platen P. hasmade
an impression the. associatedstop. ?nger is re 40
- tion with the roller Zlliitto feedwthe: sheet out: of
printing» position belew-the platen P.’ andlatthis. tracted and the sheet advancesthroughathejsheet
time theshutter 200 is-engagedlwith the pinl98' guidewayfinto engagementwitha further stop
?nger which in the next cycle .of ‘operation-ism;
to insure movement’ of the sheetitherebelow.
The roller-1 I91 feeds the~sheet into printing tracted ‘and the ?rst sheet receives; anvimpression
‘ position-belowthe platen-P! quite rapidly‘ and between the formprinting cylinderearrangedat
the sheet'lmoves into- engagement with a stopv 509 the left of Fig. 1"which ?nishes theprinting op»
carriedby rod-"51Hg adjustably mounted in a block erations on the ?rst sheet'and it moves out-of
591. The rod 5H1 may be shifted~=through the the machine. A more detailed description of the
block 50-‘! to enable properorientation of the sheet operation of parts of the machine isrcontainedin
= S below the platen P. The just described @mecha
nisrh is’ more particularly ‘disclosed in» my 001-.
pending‘ application Serial No.- 65,376 as-is the
variable printer device.
' After‘ a sheet leaves- the- variable- printerv it
my co-pendingapplication Serial No... 65,376.,_ ‘
I have provided a‘ machine through. which
50
sheets constitutingv business‘ instrumentsnmay be
passed to be 1 completely printed;- with all; the
data necessary and ‘I have‘shown anovel method
“ Each of Lswitches645 and ?485~is~associated with
astop ?nger» and is‘ adapted to‘ control-operation
of feeding the sheets through the machine: with 55
facility and accuracy to, insure proper and‘rapid
positioning of the sheets-in the various positions‘
to receive impressions. I: have explained. ‘the
of» the machine especially if 'no- sheet is ‘fed past
printing-of a business instrument but it is=torbe
the switches end-which mechanism is more fully
understood that instruments for any purpose
may be prepared'in the machine without-‘depart
‘ moves into engagement with the stop'?nger 236
which hasbeen described.
I
disclosedand described-‘in my co-pendingappli-ca
tion‘ Serial No. 65,376:
'
r
ing from the scope of my invention.
In operationfofithe machine a roll of paper is
' I have illustrated’ and described the preferred
mounted ' in’ the stand > 50 ‘r and a -web ~ is drawn
form of vmy invention but it'is to be understood
that I donot wish to be‘limited to thelpreeise
= ‘ therefrom ‘ and passed between» the cylinders 5|
and‘ 52 and through the bite of the feed rollerslas
l2’! and beyond-thecutter I401 The main switch
is-closed setting themotor 56$as well asthe motorsi
for‘ the feed‘ rollers and- otherrmechanisms in
operation.
.
, When initially setting the machine (in operation
thecylinders 51; and 52 " are operated to print: a
signature; number and dateon the weband- the
cutter 140 is operated to sever a sheet from the
web?‘ The sheet-'severedr-from the web in this ?rst
details set forthbut desire to avail myself of
such changes andgalterations as'may' be desired
to enable the invention to ‘be usedfor the pur
pose for vwhich itis or may be adapted?
I claim:
‘
‘
_V
>
1. A sheet feeding“ means for a, printing'ma
chine or the like andcomprising a-roller; a shaft
for supporting said-=roller in sheet enga'gingand
feeding position, means-operable? on saidishaft
tosettsaid-rollerinrapid rotation; a-support for 75.
Y
' 2,132,415
driving means ‘and rigidly mounted in said frame,
a roller driven directly by said motor and ar-'
said shaft and roller, and power driven. ‘means
operable independently of the means operating
ranged over a path of travel of sheets fed there
through, and means for moving said frame about
its pivot to engage said roller with said sheets to
on said‘ shaft and operable on said support to
effect movement of said roller from and to sheet
engaging position whereby upon engagement of
effect longitudinal feeding of the sheets along the
path of travel thereof.
said roller with a sheet during rapid rotation of
the roller will insure feeding of the sheet.
9. A sheet feeding means for a printing machine
or the like embodying driving means, a housing, a
. 2. A sheet feeding means for a printing ma
chine or the like and comprising a rapidly rotat
10 ing roller driven independently of. the drive of
frame pivotally mounted in said housing, a motor
the printing machine and cooperating with a
sheet guideway to advance a sheet longitudinally
through the guideway, supporting means for the
roller, and means operable by the drive of the
15 printing machine or the like for elevating and
lowering the supporting means and roller where
by the action of said roller will effect feeding
of the sheet when the roller_is engaged there
with.
of said housing, a roller rigidly mounted on said
shaft outwardly of said housing, and means for 1
moving said motor about its pivot to engage said
roller with said sheets to effect longitudinal feed
operable independently of the said driving means
and rigidly mounted in said frame, a shaft opera
tively driven by said motor and extending outside
ing of the sheets along the path of travel thereof.
10. A sheet feeding means for a printing ma
chine or the like embodying driving means, a
housing, a frame pivotally mounted in said hous
3. A sheet feeding means including a sheet
20
guideway through which sheets are‘fed longi
ing, a motor operable independently of the said
driving means and rigidly mounted in said frame,
tudinally, a pan above said guideway onto which
the sheets initially pass, means for ?rst feeding
a guideway through which sheets are fed longi
the sheets longitudinally off said pan and into
tudinally, and means pivotally moving said frame 25
about said pivot to engage said driven means with
25 the guideway in one direction, and means for
subsequently feeding the sheets below said pan
and through said guideway in the other direc - sheets in said guideway to effect feeding of said
sheets longitudinally through said guideway.
tion.
4. A sheet feeding means including a sheet
30 guideway through which sheets are fed longi
tudinally, a pan above said guideway onto which
the sheets initially pass, means for ?rst feeding
the sheets longitudinally off said pan and into the
guideway in one direction, means for subsequent
35 1y feeding the sheets below said pan and through
said guideway in the other direction, and movable
means for guiding said sheets from and under
said pan.
5. A sheet feeding means for a printing ma
40 chine or the like, a housing, driving means oper
able independently of the drive of the printing
machine and pivotally mounted in said housing,
means driven directly by said driving means and
11. A sheet feeding means for a printing ma
chine or the like embodying driving means, a
housing, a frame pivotally mounted in said hous
ing, a motor operable independently of the said
driving means and rigidly mounted in said frame,
a shaft operatively driven directly by said motor
and extending outside of said housing, a roller 35
rigidly secured to the outer end of said shaft, a
guideway beneath said roller and through which
sheets are fed longitudinally, a pan above said
guideway onto which the sheets are initially
passed, means for moving'said frame about its 40
pivot at predetermined intervals to lower the roll
er into engagement with a sheet on said pan to
feed the sheet in one direction off said pan and
arranged in juxtaposition to a path of travel of into the guideway, a shutter operatively arranged
' to assist said sheet into the guideway, and means 45
.45 sheets fed therethrough, and means for moving‘ for subsequently feeding the sheets longitudinally
said driving means about its pivot to engage said
below said pan and through said guideway in the
driven means with said sheets to effect longi
tudinal feeding of the sheets along the path of other direction.
travel thereof.
'
6. A sheet feeding means for a printing ma
50
chine or the like, a housing, driving means oper
able independently of the drive of the printing
machine and pivotally mounted in said housing,
a roller driven directly by said driving means
55 and arranged in juxtaposition to a path of travel
of sheets fed therethrough, and means for mov
ing said driving means about its pivot to engage
said roller with said sheets to effect longitudinal
feeding of the sheets along the path of travel
60
thereof.
'
'7. A sheet feeding means for a printing ma
chine or the like embodying driving means, a
housing, a motor operable independently of the
said driving means and pivotally mounted in
65 said housing, a roller driven directly by said
motor and arranged in juxtaposition to a path
of travel of sheets fed therethrough, and means
for moving said motor about its pivot to engage
said roller with said sheets to effect longitudinal
feeding of the sheets along the path of travel
70
thereof.
8. A sheet feeding means for a printing ma
chine or the like embodying driving means, a
housing, a frame pivotally mounted in said hous
75 ing, a motor operable independently of the said
12. A sheet feeding means for a printing ma
chine or the like, driving means operable inde
50
pendently of the drive of, the printing machine,
and means driven directly by said driving means
and arranged in the path of travel of sheets fed
through the machine and adapted to engage said
sheets whereby the action of the driven means 55
effects longitudinal feeding of the sheets.
13. A sheet feeding means for a printing ma
chine or the like embodying driving means, a mo
tor operable independently of the drive of the
printing machine, and a roller driven directly by
said motor and arranged in the path of travel of
sheets fed through the machine and adapted to
engage said sheets whereby the action of the roller
effects longitudinal feeding of the sheets.
14. A sheet feeding means for a printing ma
chine or the like embodying driving means, a mo
tor operable independently of the drive of the
printing machine, a roller driven directly by said
motor, and a sheet guideway through which sheets
are fed longitudinally by said roller, said roller
being arranged to engage sheets in said guideway
whereby the action of the roller effects longitudi
nal movement of the sheets through said guide
way.
WALTER T. GOLLWITZER.
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