Патент USA US2132457код для вставки
Oct. 11,, 1938. - _|_ |__ BLACKSHAW ' 2,132,457 ' .METHOD OF AND MEANS FOR ORIENTING VSTRAND MATERIAL Filed July :5, 1937 Y INVEN TOR. , JOSf/l/ LOVE/0y BLACKS/#414 A TTORNEYS. ~ ' 2,132,457 Patented‘ Oct. 11,1938 UNITED STATES PATENT oFFice METHOD OF AND MEANS FOR ORIENTING STRAND‘ MATERIAL Joseph Lovejoy Blackshaw, Brooklyn, . Y., as signor to Walter L. Fleisher, New York, N. Y. Application July 3, 1937, Serial No. 151,953 8' Claims. (01. 19-115) ’ This invention relates to a method»of and a plurality of parallelograms whose major and means for orienting strand material, andmmore -. minor axes may readily be changed by elongaé particularly to a method of and means for iorient- tion of the cross bar structure. Extending from ing glass ?laments. 5 ' ' beneath the cross bar structure are a plurality of Inair conditioning equipment of the type illus- dependi'ng'?ngers or pins, which may constitute 5 trated in U. S. Patent No. 2,054,809, backets ?lled with oriented glass ?laments or the like, are used. In .the manufacture of these glass ?laments, they extensions of the pins joining the cross bar mem bers and/or extend from the cross bars. are delivered in a state of disorder in which the ture is lowered upon a heterogeneous mass of 1c ?laments lie in di?erent directions, although in planes substantially parallel to a common plane, and the ?laments tend to intertwine and inter,lock with each other. Due to the tendency of the ?laments to interlock with each otherpit has 15 proven an extremely difficult task to orient these strands so that their axes are parallel or substan- In'operation of the device, the cross bar struc glass ?laments which are to be oriented, so that 10 the depending ?ngers or pins extend within the mass of ‘material and between the ?laments ' thereof. The cross bar structure is then elon gated in the direction in which it is desired to orient the ?laments, and the resultant motion of the depending pins will have’the effect of nar tially parallel, as is required in order that they rowing and elongating the heterogeneous mass may be used in accordance with the teachings of and of aligning the ?laments thereof. said patent. Heretofore, there has been devised While a single operation of the cross bar struc 20 no mechanical means for effecting such orienta- ture will effect substantial parallelism of the 20 tion of glass ?laments and the like, although con-. ?laments, the operation may be repeated if a siderable effort has been directed toward the at- greater degree of orientation is desired and/or tainment of this end; and in order to accom-. to insure a more uniform ‘distribution and plish such orientation, it has been necessary arrangement of the ?laments in the ?nished 25 manually to manipulate the ?laments. Such product. This repetition may be accomplished 25 operation is both expensive and slow, and not’ by using the same cross bar structure over again conducive to the inexpensive production" of ,or bypassing the-?laments to be acted upon by oriented glass ?bers or the like in substantial a second cross bar structure. This latter method volume. 30 I .1 ' may be preferred where the glass ?laments are The general object of the present invention is to provide an improved method of and means for handled upon a conveyor belt or the ‘like, as is 30 customary in‘large scale production. orienting ?bers or ?laments of material such as glass.‘ Another object of the invention is to provide While the invention is described with particu lar reference to the orientation of glass ?la ments, it is to be understood that its applica 35 an improved method of and means for orienting be utilized to orient strands of various'types, of‘ > simple, yet highly effective, and which accom- material. an improved method of and means for orienting drawing, in which glass ?laments or the like, which render the orientation of glass ?laments both rapid and Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic elevational view of the invention as applied to- the orientation of inexpensive. ' strands being moved upon a conveyor belt; plish-“this result without breaking or in any other way impairing the utility of the ?laments. 40 Another object of the invention is to provide 45 ‘ tion is not so limited, and that the invention may 35 glass ?laments or the like, which are relatively ' ' In carrying out this invention, applicant utilizes a lattice-work comprising aplurality of. cross bars parallel to each other in a ?rst direction and another plurality of cross bars parallel to each other in another direction, the ?rst-men- 50 tioned and'the last-mentioned parallel cross bars being in superposed relation. Where the upper and lower cross bars cross each other they are ' 5 - __/ ' Other objects and features of the-invention will be more apparent vfrom the followingdescription, to be read in connection with the accompanying 40 ' Fig. 2 is a plan view .of'applicant’s cross bar 45 structure, taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, and showing the cross bar structure in ‘slightly elongated condition; ' Fig. 3 is a view taken on the line 3--3 of Fig. 1 showing the cam which controls the elongation 50 and contraction of the cross bar structure; and Fig. 4 is a view taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. l jointed by pivot pins or the like, which extend showing the cam which controls the raising and therethrough. lowering of the cross bar structure. The pins are relatively loose 55 within the cross bars so that the cross bars form ' . Referring to the drawing, the numeral 5 desig- 55 2 I 2,132,457 nates a conveyor belt carried upon rollers 6 and adapted to be driven by drive roller 1. Drive roller 1 is driven by motor 8, or the like, through gears 9, and drive shaft Ill. Glass strands or ?laments H are deposited upon the belt 5, as indicated at H3, and form a heterogeneous mass the elongation and contraction of the lattice. The other ends of control rods 26 are pivotally connected, as at‘2‘l, to a collar 28 slidably car ried on support I1. Collar 28 is connected by extension 29 to a. roller or the like, 30, disposed Cam 32 is car upon the surface of belt 5. Due to the motion ried on and rotated by shaft 22, and thus the of the conveyor belt the thickness of the hetero elongation and contraction of the lattice is in geneous mass is desirably limited, but the ?la timed relation with the movement of glass ?la 10 ments which comprise this mass lie in all direc ments on the conveyor belt and in timed relation tions, although most of the ?laments will lie in planes substantially parallel to a common plane. with the up and down movement of the lattice. The cams 2| and 32 are so formed and arranged In order to effect orientation of these ?laments. that the lattice is lowered in contracted condition the apparatus generally designated I2 is em upon the mass of ?laments to be oriented, so that 15' ployed. Subsequent to orientation, the glass ?la ments may be passed through an annealing the pins l6 depending from the lattice extend 15 chamber l3 and upon their emergence therefrom into the mass of ?laments; so that while the lat tice is inlowered position ‘it is elongated by a will be ready for use. As illustrated, the appara downward movement of collar 28, whereby the tus l2 orients the ?laments before they are sup strands or ?laments upon the conveyor belt 5 20 plied to the annealing chamber l3, but it is to be understood that the orientation may be ac. complished subsequent to. the annealing step if such operation is preferred. Moreover, any de sired number of orienting devices such as l2, may 25 be provided and used, and these may be adapted to act upon the ?laments prior and/or subse quent to the annealing step, the number of these devices which is employed depending upon th degree of orientation and/or the uniformity of 30 the product which is desired. ‘ ~ If desired, a binder, preferably of the water soluble type, may be sprayed uponthe ?laments after they. have been oriented‘ to the desired within the groove 3i of cam 32. are oriented; so that the lattice is raised from 20 the ?laments while in elongatedcondition; so that the lattice is contracted while in raised posi tion; and so that this cycle of operation may then be repeated. While the conveyor belt S'and the device l2, 25 as above described, are so interconnected that the lattice descends upon a new batch of material at each downward motion, it will be understood , that the lattice device I! may be used to act upon a batch of material more than once before this 30 batch of material is moved from beneath the device l2 by the conveyor belt. Furthermore, degree, in order that they may readily be handled " where such repeated operation is provided, the 35 as they reach the end of theconveyor belt, and to apparatus may be so arranged that successive elongations of the lattice are progressively 35 facilitate their packing and shipment. greater. Again, if desired,'the lattice may be The cross bar lattice of device I21 comprises a contracted slightly after its elongation and while ‘plurality of cross bars l4“ parallel to each other ' and a plurality of cross bar members Mb parallel 40 to each other, these two sets of cross bars being in superposed relation. ' Bars II! and “b are its pins are still within the ?lamentous mass, in order to facilitate removal of the pins and raising of the lattice. Moreover, while the device l2 and 40 the conveyor belt 5 have been illustrated and pivotally connected together at any desired num described as being mechanicallyconnected and ber of points, by pins l5 extending therethrough. driven by the same prime mover, it will be under Thus, the lattice may be elongated and con-' stood that they may be driven by diiferent prime 45 tracted along the line of travel of the belt 5. movers, and that the device l2may be manually 45 Depending from the lattice structure are a plu rality of ?ngers or pinsVIB. These pins I 6 may driven, instead of mechanically driven, if desired. While in the foregoing description the lattice constitute extensions of the pins l5 which piv-_ has been described as being_ lowered upon the otally connect the members Ma and H'b. Also, mass, if desired, the lattice may be 5,0 pins i6 may depend from the bars l4“ and Nb at ?lamentous formed with upwardly extending pins, the ?la points intermediate of the points of intercon nection between these bars. Thus, the cross bars are constituted coarse combs. . mentous mass in such ‘case being placed upon the 50 lattice. " Similarly,,the conveyor belt, work table ' or the like along'which the glass travels, may be formed with suitable openings so that the pins of the lattice may extend upwardly through these 55 ' Support IT is adapted to 'move up and down openings and into the ?lamentous mass, the lat tice being placed beneath the conveyor belt or within the guides 20 which insure its travel in a ' work table and the control being the reverse of vertical direction. Support I‘! is moved up wardly and downwardly by cam 2| carriedon that hereinbefore described. Since many changes may be made in the in shaft 22, which is driven preferably by motor 8. Thus, the upward and downward motion of the vention without departing from its scope, it is lattice is in timed» relation with the movement ‘of intended that all matter contained in the above material upon the conveyor belt 5. To insure description or shown in the accompanying draw 65 positive motion of the lattice upwardly and ing shall be interpreted as illustrative only and downwardly, cam 2| is preferably of V the cored not in a limiting sense, applicant limiting himself Support i ‘I is attached to the lattice, preferably 55 at the central portion thereof as indicated at l8, in any suitable, manner, as _by the collars l9. type in which a groove 23 is formed. The path only as indicated in the appended claims. > Having described my invention, what I claim of this groove within the cam determines the ver as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of tical movement of the support II, which is» se I 70 cured, as by arm 24, to roller 25 disposed within . the United States is:—1- In an apparatus for arranging non-parallel 70 the groove 23. V . Pivotally the lattice, connecting points, are connected to the extremities l5“ of preferably to the tops of the pins l5 the members l4“ and Nb at these control rods 26, adapted to control , . ?lamentsor strands of material inv substantially parallel arrangement, a plurality of cross-mem bers, means for pivotally connecting together said cross-members, said cross-members and connect ing means being adapted to provide a plurality of 75 “a. 3 ,_ , 2,182,407 ' readily deformable parallelograms, and a plurality of pins se ‘ ?laments or strands of material, means providing urality ahaving pluralityof readily parallelograms ‘relatively rigiddeformable side members, a pl to and extending from ‘said " ' being adapted 'of elements in, ' ' ‘parallelogram structure, said ‘of pins‘ ?lamentous mate‘v grams adapted to penetrate within a mass‘ _ rial and to orient'the ?lament thereof upon dc; ‘ments, and means grams .ina direction.substantially'parallel to that formation of said parallelograms. ' 2. In an apparatus for orienting non-parallel inv which it is desired to orient the ?laments. ~6. In an apparatus for orienting .noneparallel ?laments or strands, of material'means providing ~ a plurality of readily deformable parallelograrns, ?laments ‘or strands of material, ‘means-provid the sides of said parallelograms being formed of ing a plurality of readily deformable parallelo 10 substantially rigid members, and a plurality of grams, the sides of- ~said parallelograms being elements in combination with said parallelograrns formed of ‘relatively rigid members, a 'pluralityof ' adapted to penetrate between said ?laments and elements in combination with said parallelograms 15 to orient said ?laments ‘upon deformation of said and extending therefrdm'means formovi‘ng .said parallelograms intoa position in which said ele r parallelograms; . 3. In an apparatus for orienting non-parallel;. , ments extending therefrom will“ penetrate be elongating said filaments or strands of material, means providing tween said ?lamén'ts, means "for substantially par- , . in a direction a plurality of readily deformable parallelograms, i allel to ' to orient-said the sides of said parallelograms substantially rigid members, and a plurality of ?laments, whereby said ?laments will beoriented,‘ 20 elements in combination with said parallelograms means for then moving saide'lements out of en with said filaments, ‘for contracting adapted to penetrate between said ?laments and Y ' gagement said parallelograms, and for repeating the oper 10' to orient said ?laments upon'deformation ‘of said _ parallelograms, at least some of said elements'beq 25 ating cycle. ing mounted vupon the rigid members constituting 25 the sides of said parallelograms. - 4- In‘ an apparatus for orienting non-parallel ?laments or strands of material, a plurality of cross-members. means for pivotallyrconnecting together said cross-members, said cross-members adapted to provide and connecting means being ‘ a plurality of readily deformable parallelo'grams, extending from said pars allelogram structure, said pins being adapted to penetrate within a mass of ?lamentous material and to orient the ?laments thereof upon deforma tion-of said parallelograms, at least some of said. I pins constituting extensions 1 said cross-mem and a plurality of pins ber connecting means. ' 5. In an apparatus for orienting noneparallel 40 ' . - -_ i _ _ 'I. An apparatus ‘according to claim 6'in'cluding means for conveying the ?lamentsrand, means for ‘controlling the operating cycle‘ of the par allelograms in timed relation with the movement of the ?laments. ‘ - 1 ' ' ably‘ associated with said lazytongs and extend 85 ing away from said lazytongsj Substantially Per-4 pendicularly to theplane‘in which said lazyton'gs is' deformable, said pins being adapted to pene trate‘ between’ oriented. the ?laments or ‘strands to‘ be JOSEPH LOVE-JOY BLACKSHAW. ‘ . -' '- . '