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Патент USA US2132457

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Oct. 11,, 1938. -
_|_ |__ BLACKSHAW '
2,132,457 '
Filed July :5, 1937 Y
JOSf/l/ LOVE/0y BLACKS/#414
' 2,132,457
Patented‘ Oct. 11,1938
Joseph Lovejoy Blackshaw, Brooklyn,
Y., as
signor to Walter L. Fleisher, New York, N. Y.
Application July 3, 1937, Serial No. 151,953
8' Claims.
(01. 19-115)
This invention relates to a method»of and
a plurality of parallelograms whose major and
means for orienting strand material, andmmore -. minor axes may readily be changed by elongaé
particularly to a method of and means for iorient- tion of the cross bar structure. Extending from
ing glass ?laments.
beneath the cross bar structure are a plurality of
Inair conditioning equipment of the type illus-
dependi'ng'?ngers or pins, which may constitute 5
trated in U. S. Patent No. 2,054,809, backets ?lled
with oriented glass ?laments or the like, are used.
In .the manufacture of these glass ?laments, they
extensions of the pins joining the cross bar mem
bers and/or extend from the cross bars.
are delivered in a state of disorder in which the
ture is lowered upon a heterogeneous mass of
1c ?laments lie in di?erent directions, although in
planes substantially parallel to a common plane,
and the ?laments tend to intertwine and inter,lock with each other. Due to the tendency of the
?laments to interlock with each otherpit has
15 proven an extremely difficult task to orient these
strands so that their axes are parallel or substan-
In'operation of the device, the cross bar struc
glass ?laments which are to be oriented, so that 10
the depending ?ngers or pins extend within the
mass of ‘material and between the ?laments '
thereof. The cross bar structure is then elon
gated in the direction in which it is desired to
orient the ?laments, and the resultant motion
of the depending pins will have’the effect of nar
tially parallel, as is required in order that they rowing and elongating the heterogeneous mass
may be used in accordance with the teachings of and of aligning the ?laments thereof.
said patent. Heretofore, there has been devised
While a single operation of the cross bar struc
20 no mechanical means for effecting such orienta- ture will effect substantial parallelism of the 20
tion of glass ?laments and the like, although con-. ?laments, the operation may be repeated if a
siderable effort has been directed toward the at- greater degree of orientation is desired and/or
tainment of this end; and in order to accom-. to insure a more uniform ‘distribution and
plish such orientation, it has been necessary arrangement of the ?laments in the ?nished
25 manually to manipulate the ?laments. Such product. This repetition may be accomplished 25
operation is both expensive and slow, and not’ by using the same cross bar structure over again
conducive to the inexpensive production" of ,or bypassing the-?laments to be acted upon by
oriented glass ?bers or the like in substantial a second cross bar structure. This latter method
may be preferred where the glass ?laments are
The general object of the present invention is
to provide an improved method of and means for
handled upon a conveyor belt or the ‘like, as is 30
customary in‘large scale production.
orienting ?bers or ?laments of material such as
Another object of the invention is to provide
While the invention is described with particu
lar reference to the orientation of glass ?la
ments, it is to be understood that its applica
35 an improved method of and means for orienting
be utilized to orient strands of various'types, of‘ >
simple, yet highly effective, and which accom-
an improved method of and means for orienting
drawing, in which
glass ?laments or the like, which render the
orientation of glass ?laments both rapid and
Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic elevational view of
the invention as applied to- the orientation of
inexpensive. '
strands being moved upon a conveyor belt;
plish-“this result without breaking or in any other
way impairing the utility of the ?laments.
Another object of the invention is to provide
tion is not so limited, and that the invention may 35
glass ?laments or the like, which are relatively
In carrying out this invention, applicant utilizes a lattice-work comprising aplurality of. cross
bars parallel to each other in a ?rst direction
and another plurality of cross bars parallel to
each other in another direction, the ?rst-men-
50 tioned and'the last-mentioned parallel cross bars
being in superposed relation. Where the upper
and lower cross bars cross each other they are '
- __/ '
Other objects and features of the-invention will
be more apparent vfrom the followingdescription,
to be read in connection with the accompanying 40
Fig. 2 is a plan view .of'applicant’s cross bar 45
structure, taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, and
showing the cross bar structure in ‘slightly
elongated condition;
Fig. 3 is a view taken on the line 3--3 of Fig. 1
showing the cam which controls the elongation 50
and contraction of the cross bar structure; and
Fig. 4 is a view taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. l
jointed by pivot pins or the like, which extend
showing the cam which controls the raising and
lowering of the cross bar structure.
The pins
relatively loose
55 within the cross bars so that the cross bars form
Referring to the drawing, the numeral 5 desig- 55
nates a conveyor belt carried upon rollers 6 and
adapted to be driven by drive roller 1. Drive
roller 1 is driven by motor 8, or the like, through
gears 9, and drive shaft Ill.
Glass strands or
?laments H are deposited upon the belt 5, as
indicated at H3, and form a heterogeneous mass
the elongation and contraction of the lattice.
The other ends of control rods 26 are pivotally
connected, as at‘2‘l, to a collar 28 slidably car
ried on support I1. Collar 28 is connected by
extension 29 to a. roller or the like, 30, disposed
Cam 32 is car
upon the surface of belt 5. Due to the motion
and thus the
of the conveyor belt the thickness of the hetero
elongation and contraction of the lattice is in
geneous mass is desirably limited, but the ?la
timed relation with the movement of glass ?la
10 ments which comprise this mass lie in all direc
on the conveyor belt and in timed relation
tions, although most of the ?laments will lie in
planes substantially parallel to a common plane. with the up and down movement of the lattice.
The cams 2| and 32 are so formed and arranged
In order to effect orientation of these ?laments. that the lattice is lowered in contracted condition
the apparatus generally designated I2 is em
upon the mass of ?laments to be oriented, so that
15' ployed. Subsequent to orientation, the glass ?la
ments may be passed through an annealing the pins l6 depending from the lattice extend 15
chamber l3 and upon their emergence therefrom into the mass of ?laments; so that while the lat
tice is inlowered position ‘it is elongated by a
will be ready for use. As illustrated, the appara downward movement of collar 28, whereby the
tus l2 orients the ?laments before they are sup
strands or ?laments upon the conveyor belt 5
plied to the annealing chamber l3, but it is to
be understood that the orientation may be ac.
complished subsequent to. the annealing step if
such operation is preferred. Moreover, any de
sired number of orienting devices such as l2, may
25 be provided and used, and these may be adapted
to act upon the ?laments prior and/or subse
quent to the annealing step, the number of these
devices which is employed depending upon th
degree of orientation and/or the uniformity of
30 the product which is desired.
If desired, a binder, preferably of the water
soluble type, may be sprayed uponthe ?laments
after they. have been oriented‘ to the desired
within the groove 3i of cam 32.
are oriented; so that the lattice is raised from 20
the ?laments while in elongatedcondition; so
that the lattice is contracted while in raised posi
tion; and so that this cycle of operation may
then be repeated.
While the conveyor belt S'and the device l2, 25
as above described, are so interconnected that
the lattice descends upon a new batch of material
at each downward motion, it will be understood ,
that the lattice device I! may be used to act upon
a batch of material more than once before this 30
batch of material is moved from beneath the
device l2 by the conveyor belt. Furthermore,
degree, in order that they may readily be handled " where such repeated operation is provided, the
35 as they reach the end of theconveyor belt, and to apparatus may be so arranged that successive
elongations of the lattice are progressively 35
facilitate their packing and shipment.
greater. Again, if desired,'the lattice may be
The cross bar lattice of device I21 comprises a contracted slightly after its elongation and while
‘plurality of cross bars l4“ parallel to each other
' and a plurality of cross bar members Mb parallel
40 to each other, these two sets of cross bars being
in superposed relation. ' Bars II! and “b are
its pins are still within the ?lamentous mass, in
order to facilitate removal of the pins and raising
of the lattice. Moreover, while the device l2 and 40
the conveyor belt 5 have been illustrated and
pivotally connected together at any desired num
described as being mechanicallyconnected and
ber of points, by pins l5 extending therethrough. driven
by the same prime mover, it will be under
Thus, the lattice may be elongated and con-' stood that they may be driven by diiferent prime
45 tracted along the line of travel of the belt 5.
movers, and that the device l2may be manually 45
Depending from the lattice structure are a plu
rality of ?ngers or pinsVIB. These pins I 6 may driven, instead of mechanically driven, if desired.
While in the foregoing description the lattice
constitute extensions of the pins l5 which piv-_ has been described as being_ lowered upon the
otally connect the members Ma and H'b. Also,
mass, if desired, the lattice may be
5,0 pins i6 may depend from the bars l4“ and Nb at ?lamentous
formed with upwardly extending pins, the ?la
points intermediate of the points of intercon
nection between these bars. Thus, the cross bars
are constituted coarse combs.
mentous mass in such ‘case being placed upon the 50
lattice. " Similarly,,the conveyor belt, work table '
or the like along'which the glass travels, may be
formed with suitable openings so that the pins
of the lattice may extend upwardly through these
' Support IT is adapted to 'move up and down openings and into the ?lamentous mass, the lat
tice being placed beneath the conveyor belt or
within the guides 20 which insure its travel in a '
work table and the control being the reverse of
vertical direction. Support I‘! is moved up
wardly and downwardly by cam 2| carriedon that hereinbefore described.
Since many changes may be made in the in
shaft 22, which is driven preferably by motor 8.
Thus, the upward and downward motion of the vention without departing from its scope, it is
lattice is in timed» relation with the movement ‘of intended that all matter contained in the above
material upon the conveyor belt 5. To insure description or shown in the accompanying draw
65 positive motion of the lattice upwardly and ing shall be interpreted as illustrative only and
downwardly, cam 2| is preferably of V the cored not in a limiting sense, applicant limiting himself
Support i ‘I is attached to the lattice, preferably
55 at the central portion thereof as indicated at l8,
in any suitable, manner, as _by the collars l9.
type in which a groove 23 is formed.
The path
only as indicated in the appended claims. >
Having described my invention, what I claim
of this groove within the cam determines the ver
as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of
tical movement of the support II, which is» se
70 cured, as by arm 24, to roller 25 disposed within . the United States is:—1- In an apparatus for arranging non-parallel 70
the groove 23.
the lattice,
points, are
connected to the extremities l5“ of
preferably to the tops of the pins l5
the members l4“ and Nb at these
control rods 26, adapted to control
?lamentsor strands of material inv substantially
parallel arrangement, a plurality of cross-mem
bers, means for pivotally connecting together said
cross-members, said cross-members and connect
ing means being adapted to provide a plurality of 75
' readily deformable parallelograms, and a plurality of pins se
?laments or strands of material, means providing
pluralityof readily
side members,
a pl
to and extending from ‘said
" '
being adapted
'of elements in,
‘parallelogram structure, said
‘of pins‘
?lamentous mate‘v grams adapted
to penetrate within a mass‘
rial and to orient'the ?lament thereof upon dc; ‘ments, and means
grams .ina direction.substantially'parallel
to that
formation of said parallelograms.
2. In an apparatus for orienting non-parallel inv which it is desired to orient the ?laments.
~6. In an apparatus for orienting .noneparallel
?laments or strands, of material'means providing ~
a plurality of readily deformable parallelograrns, ?laments ‘or strands of material, ‘means-provid
the sides of said parallelograms being formed of ing a plurality of readily deformable parallelo
10 substantially rigid members, and a plurality of grams, the sides of- ~said parallelograms being
elements in combination with said parallelograrns formed of ‘relatively rigid members, a 'pluralityof '
adapted to penetrate between said ?laments and elements in combination with said parallelograms 15
to orient said ?laments ‘upon deformation of said and extending therefrdm'means formovi‘ng .said
parallelograms intoa position in which said ele
r parallelograms;
3. In an apparatus for orienting
non-parallel;. , ments extending therefrom will“ penetrate be
elongating said
filaments or strands of material, means providing tween said ?lamén'ts, means "for
substantially par- , .
in a direction
a plurality of readily deformable parallelograms, i allel to '
to orient-said
the sides of said parallelograms
substantially rigid members, and a plurality of ?laments, whereby said ?laments will beoriented,‘
20 elements in combination with said parallelograms means for then moving saide'lements out of en
with said filaments, ‘for contracting
adapted to penetrate between said ?laments and Y ' gagement
said parallelograms, and for repeating the oper
to orient said ?laments upon'deformation ‘of said _
parallelograms, at least some of said elements'beq
ating cycle.
ing mounted vupon the rigid members constituting
25 the sides of said parallelograms.
4- In‘ an apparatus for orienting non-parallel
?laments or strands of material, a plurality of
cross-members. means for pivotallyrconnecting
together said cross-members, said
adapted to provide
and connecting means being
a plurality of readily deformable parallelo'grams,
extending from said pars
allelogram structure, said pins being adapted to
penetrate within a mass of ?lamentous material
and to orient the ?laments thereof upon deforma
tion-of said parallelograms, at least some of said. I
pins constituting extensions 1 said cross-mem
and a plurality of pins
ber connecting means.
5. In an apparatus for orienting noneparallel
'I. An apparatus ‘according to claim 6'in'cluding
means for conveying the ?lamentsrand, means
for ‘controlling the operating cycle‘ of the par
allelograms in timed relation with the movement
of the ?laments.
' '
ably‘ associated with said lazytongs and extend 85
ing away from said lazytongsj Substantially Per-4
pendicularly to theplane‘in which said lazyton'gs
is' deformable, said pins being adapted to pene
trate‘ between’
the ?laments or ‘strands to‘ be
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