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Патент USA US2132487

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Oct. 11, 1938.
Filed Dec. 18, 1936
Patented Oct. 11, 1938
" .;. ,¢_.;:. ,1;
I . _ ,IWaIter MajewskL?hicago,'Ill.,.;assignor to Lake
wood Mfg. C‘o.,,0l_1ie_ago, 111., a corporation of
Application December 18, 1936', Serial No. 116,542’
3 Claims. ((01. 2804-87113)
‘ Thisinventionrelate's in ‘general to toy ve
hicles, and more particularly to- a toy vehicle
which is adapted to be propelled by bouncing
movement of the operator thereon.
I A principal object of the invention is the pro
vision of a toy'vehicle, having a spring supported
seat, which ‘will be automatically impelled for
wardly a'given distance‘upon each reciprocating
movement imparted to the seat by the operator.
Another important object of the invention] is
the provision of a novel rear wheel assemblage
and means for suspending the same which make
such movement of the vehicle possible by’yprel
venting rotation of the rear wheels upon down
F ward movement of the seat and permitting rota-v
tion' thereof upon upward movement ofxthe seat.‘
A further important, object of the invention is
the provision of a toy vehicle which simulates'the
action of riding a~horse, while being so safe in
operation as to be adapted for use by very young
Another important object of the invention is
the provision of such a toy vehicle which may be
easily and cheaply manufactured, while being of
such sturdy and durable construction as to with
stand the hard use to which it ‘will be subjected
by children.
Numerous other objects and advantages of the
invention will be apparent as it is better under
bars or’ rods I8, which in turn are pivotally se-.
cured at their forward ends to a cross member
I9 which is pivotally mounted at 2| on the frame
member II. A pair of wheels 22 are rotatably
mounted upon-the cross member IS. The as
semblage comprising the foot rest I6, arms I8,»
cross member I9- and wheels 22, constitutes‘steer
ing apparatus for the toy vehicle.
2 A heavy ‘gauge steel spring ‘23 is inserted be
tween the cross member I9 and the frame mem- 10
ber I I, and is held in‘contacting relationship with
the frame member I I adjacentits forward end by
means of a U-shaped bracket 24. Across mem
ber 25 is rigidly secured to the spring 23 at its
rear end by means of ‘a1 bolt 26, or the like. Se-,
cured to the rear surface of the cross member 25‘
isvv a U-shaped supporting member 21 having a,
slot ‘28 formed in each of the downwardly extend
ing arms 29 thereof; A rod 3| extends through
the slots 28 of the arms 29 so as to be freely rotat- .20
able therein and slidable longitudinally of the
slots, and is provided with a wheel 32 mounted
on each end thereof.
In the use of the toy vehicle, the operator seats
himself upon the seat I2, grips the rod I4, and
places his feet on the foot rest I6. Upon bounc
ing downwardly the frame member II is moved
from the full line position to the dotted line posi
tion shown in Fig. 1.
As can be seen from this
?gure, the shape of the lower surface of the 30
30 stood from the following description, which,
frame member II and the shape of the spring 23
when taken in connection with the accompany
are such that the above described downward
ing drawing, discloses a preferred embodiment movement of the frame member II, which will
' be about the center of the wheels 22 as a pivot
In the drawing,
point, will cause a downward ?exing of the spring 85
Figure 1 is an elevational view of a toy vehicle
embodying the features of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the device of Fig.
1; and
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken substantially
23 to its dotted line position, as shown in Fig. 1.
This is due to the fact that a bending moment
is applied to the spring by the frame member I I,
which is assured by the shape of these members
and the retaining bracket 24 holding the forward 40
40 on line 3—-3 in Fig. 2.
part of the spring in contact with the lower sur
Referring more particularly to the drawing, .
reference numeral II indicates. a frame member
of any suitable material which has mounted upon
it a seat I2 which may be adjustable relative
“ thereto if desired. Extending upwardly from the
seat I2 is a ?at member I3 which may be cut in
any suitable shape, such as that of a horse's head.
A bar I4 is mounted at right angles to the mem
ber I3 and extends therethrough so that a grip
means is afforded the operator when using the
device. Pivotally mounted on the frame member
I I at I5, is a foot rest I6 adapted for steering the
Pivotally secured to the foot rest I6 by bolts H,
55 or the like, are a pair of forwardly extending
face of the frame member. The initial ?exing
movement of the spring 23, as above described,
results in the frame member 25 being pressed
downwardly into contact with the outer periph- 45
cry of the rear wheels 32.
Such relative move
ment between the member 25 and the wheels 32
is permitted by the slots 28 in the supporting
member 21, and results in a positive braking of
the rear wheels to prevent any movement there- 50
of relative to the floor or other supporting sur
face. Consequently, further ?exing of the spring
23 results in forward movement being imparted to
the forward wheels 22, as illustrated in broken
lines in Fig. 1.
The subsequent return or upward movement
of the frame member II, which is induced in
part by the reactive force of the spring 23, results
immediately in the rear frame member 25 being
ent that Various changes may be made in the
form, construction and arrangement of the parts
without departing from the spirit and scope of
the invention or sacri?cing all of its material
advantages, the form hereinbefore described be
ing merely a preferred embodiment thereof.
moved forwardly out of contact with the rear
wheels 32 to permit rotation thereof, so that the
vehicle as a whole will roll forwardly under the
I claim:
impetus of the reactive force of the spring 23 in
1. A to'y vehicle, comprising a spring member,
its return» to the full‘ line position“ of Fig. 1', It
a rigid frame member secured to said spring
10 will thus be apparent that the' vehicle‘ will be
member at one end thereof, a seat mounted on 10
automatically impelled forwardly a given dis
said frame member, and wheels suspended from
said spring member at the other end thereof and
from said frame member adjacent its point of
connection to said spring member, whereby the
vehicle is" adapted to be propelled by bouncing
movements of the‘ operator on said seat.
2. A toy vehicle, comprising a spring member,
tance upon each reciprocating or bouncing move»
ment imparted to the seat I2‘ and frame member
I I by the operator.
The above described toy vehicle may‘ be easily
and cheaply manufactured, since the members‘
II to I4, I9 and 25 may be constructed of Wood,
if desired, and the members I6, I8; 24 and- 21'
may be readily formed from strap iron, or the
In’ the embodiment of the device shown in‘ the
drawing, the rear frame member 25» is disclosed
as extending laterally beyond’ the wheels 32 so
as to insure the above described braking action
thereof on the wheels. If it is desired, the frame
member 25 may be dispensed with, and the brack
et member 27 secured directly to the rear end of
the spring 23. with its’ downwardly extending arms
29 made, sufficiently long to permit the wheels _32
being mounted: in an inner positionv relative
thereto.» With= thisconstruction, the transverse
portion ofthe bracket; .2‘!- will contact the outer
surface of the wheels 32in the initial part of the
extending movement-imparted to the spring 23
- to brake therear wheels in the same manner as
described above relative to the frame member 25.
It is thought that the invention and many of
its attendant advantages will be understood from
the foregoing description, and it will be appar
a rigid frame member secured at one end to the
forward ‘ part of said spring member, a seat
mounted‘ on‘ the other end of said frame member, 20
a pair of freely rotatable wheels mounted adja
centtllie forward end ofsaid members, and a pair
of wheels suspended from the rear end- of said»
spring member for longitudinal movement» rela
tivethereto, whereby ‘downward movement of said
seat will- move said. spring member relative to‘
said rear wheels’ to prevent rotation thereof and
upward‘ movement of said seat will‘ allow said‘
spring. member to’ move relative to said rear
wheels- to ‘perm-it rotation thereof.
3.. In‘ a toyvehicle» having a seat and adapted’
to' be. propelled by bouncing movement of the
operator on said seat, a spring adapted to be
extended by the downward movements of said
seatpand a pair of normally freely rotatable
wheels suspended- from said spring and adapted
to be held’ against rotation by said- spring during
such extension of saidspringt I
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