Патент USA US2132542код для вставки
Oct. 11, ' F, s_ SCHADE ' 2,132,542’ ' BOOK CONSTRUCTION Filed Feb. 28, 1936 IINVENTOR FRANK Stan/15y 621/405 BY 2,132,542 Patented Oct. 11, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENTOVFFICE 2,132,542 BOOK CONSTRUCTION Frank Stanley Schade, Holyoke, Mass., assigncr to National Blank Book Company, Holyoke, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts Application February 28, 1936, Serial No. 66,266.» (01. 281-19) 13 Claims. This invention relates to an improved book binding construction. Its character is best dis closed by the accompanying drawing and follow ing description. ' In the drawing, Fig. l is a plan view of an open book embodying the invention; ‘ ~ I , Fig. 2 is a plan view of the back panel element of Fig. 1 before being built into the binding case; Fig. 3 is an edge view of the element in Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a detail View partly in section as indi cated on line 4-4 of Fig, 1; Fig. 5 is a section on line 5-5 of Fig. 1; Fig. 6 shows a detail modi?ed portion of the element in Fig. 3; and Fig. '7 shows in section a modi?ed‘form of the element in Fig. 2. Referring'to these ?gures, I will show several Ways to practice my invention. I punch out’ of panel and to function in a Way that I will now describe. ~ In Figs, 1, ll, and 5 the ?ller sheets i l are shown held together independently of the binding case by the single coiled wire 4 threaded through mar gin perforations l2 in the sheets. Thus the ?ller sheets may be handled as a unit. Other known types of ring binders may be used for this purpose. For example the type in which the wire coils are arranged perpendicular to the axis (and usually rather than wound spirally. Filler sheets, thus hung on coils, are mounted in my binding case by perpendicular‘ pressure of the coiled wire along the center line of the back panel. That is the coiled wire is laid along the center line of the back panel and simply pressed down into the position it is to occupy in the bound book. This is an ex will be understood that the spaced buttons 2 with rounded top edges will each wedge its way between two adjacent coils and button down the edges of such coils. The ?nal position is shown in Figs. 1, 4 and 5. It will be understood that the spacing simple tabs arranged perpendicular to plate I of the coils of wire 4 and-the spacing of the but- ' ' As shown, plate 8 is built into a binder case as the body of the back panel. This may be given the curved form of Fig. 5. The body portions or panels ‘I and 8 of the covers may be of cardboard. The panels are covered with a suitable decorative outer sheet 6 extending over all panels. Sheet 6 is folded along the edges of cover and back panels, as shown in the lower left hand broken out part of Fig. 1. Then liner sheet material 5 is fastened on the inside of all panels. The ears 2 extend through the sheet material 5 on the inside of the back panel, see Figs. ll and 5. The liner sheet 5 may be in single sheet ‘form, with openings for '11.) ears 2 or of two sheet form with abutting edges along the center line of the back panel and notched to ?t around the ears 2. The material of sheets 5 and 6 is ?exible to make hinges between the back panel and cover portions, which will be clear from Fig. 5. It will be seen up to this point that I have built up a book binding case, using only the material. for such a case.‘ The variation is that I have punched out tabs from the material of the back ' panel and bent them up perpendicular to the back panel to lie in spaced position in the central perpendicular plane of the back panel. In this way I have provided not only the book binding case but also attaching means, without additional 55 material, to fasten ?ller sheet rings to the back 5 tremely simple assembly operation, in which it metal strip I, a series of ears 2 along the center line of the plate and bend these ears 2 perpen dicular to the plate as in Fig. 3. Viewed from the side, ears 2 appear like a series of collar buttons. Viewed from the top or ends the ears appear like along its center line. 0 connected by wire portions parallel to the axis) , tons 2 are preferably such that in making the attachment the only relative movement is that of the coils against the buttons and the very slight spreading of those few coils which are chosen to directly engage the buttons 2. The heads of the buttons are preferably dimensioned so that when they span'the distance between two coils, as in Fig. 4, the coils engaged by the buttons are in their normal position just as the coils that are not engaged by the buttons 2. That is, I prefer to make the shank of the button 'no wider in the dimension parallel to the wire coil axis than the normal spacing of wire coils. This is a matter of detail preference, In the illustrated example I show only ?ve 40 buttons on the back panel, but they are provided in a construction which will hold over twenty coils or rings in satisfactory position on the back panel. This is accomplished with a minimum use of material, an extremely simple movement of 45 book elements for assembly, and an almost com plete obliteration of attaching means for holding rings to the back panel of a book binding case. As amatter of fact, the binding case as I have shown it in the described form, has no material added to it by reason of my construction of ring attaching means for the binding case. A very small part of the normal material used in the back panel portion of the binding case isj'used instead of additional material. 2 2,132,542 The form, of the button may vary, for example, ferred and some modi?ed forms, the following I have shown in Fig. 6 a tab 2' that will button claims are made to protect it as fully as the over one wire coil instead of two coils as the form 2 will do. The forms of buttons 2 or 2’ or others may be varied in the same book. Instead of prior art will permit. curving the back panel of the binding case trans~ panel and hinged cover panels, a pack of sheets hung on a coiled‘ wire binding means, and buttons Versely I may use it ?at. In some practical in stances it may be desirable to use a complete binding case of back panel and hinged covers and attach a metal plate I carrying ears 2 to the inside face of the back panel. For example, if it is desired to use a common form of binding case the metal plate I with ears 2 may be simply attached as by riveting without going into the construction 15 of the back panel per se. But I prefer the latter construction as I have described it, because according to one object of my invention I want to avoid the use of any additional material in adding the means to attach the rings to the back panel In other words, the preferred'form of my invention is to reduce structural combina tion to the binding case and the ?ller sheets and 20 of the book. rings without adding material for the attaching means to fasten the rings onto the back panel. It will be clear that the ring wire can be un buttoned from the back panel in the described’ construction. Thus the new book has the ad vantage of readily replaceable ?ller units. To manipulate the book in assembly and disassembly operations there are no complications. The pas sage of the aligned coils over each button head causes such an extremely minute and temporary spreading of the coils as to be negligible with respect to distorting the elements of the ring 35 structure as it is put together with the binder case or taken out of the binder case. In Fig. '7 I show an extension of the invention to make a modi?ed form of book in which a plurality of ?ller packs, each with its own coiled '10 wire binder, are mounted in one book binder case to make a new combination. By this means I can make a thicker book than by the simpler construction of Figs. 1 and 5. To simplify the I claim: '1. A book construction, comprising . a back 5 having shank portions attached to the back panel portion, said buttons having a head construction with a cross-section lying parallel to the axis of the wire coils and longer than the normal space between adjacent coils and constructed so as to button into the spaces between wire coils of the binding means by springing said coils apart in the assembly of the book. ' 2. The combination of claim 1 and said buttons being ?at and arranged in a vertical plane along the central line of the back panel. 3. A book construction comprising a back panel having as its body portion a sheet metal strip 20 with spaced buttons having shank portions turned up from the metal, cover portions hinged to the back panel by overlying ?exible sheet material pasted on both the back panel and cover portions with openings for the turned up buttons, a pack 25 of ?ller sheets and a coiled wire binder element attached to said pack, the spaces between the coils of the wire binder being adapted to receive said buttons by springing the adjacent coils apart as they pass over the heads of the buttons to 30 fasten the pack of sheets and its binder to the back panel. 4. The combination of claim 3 and said but tons extending ?atwise in the central vertical plane of the back panel. 35 5. In a book construction, a thin back panel plate having buttons with shanks bent up from the material of the'plate and extending towards the inside of the book and spaced along a longi tudinal line of the plat-e, each button having a 40 wedge-shaped double sloping top edge and flat sides, all in combination and in assembled rela tion with a coiled wire binder whose ring coils drawing, I show this modi?cation of Fig. '7 in 45 cross section only, omitting the sheets of the book and showing only the arrangement of the rings and their attachment to the back panel. The back panel is 2G, in this case conveniently shown ?at although it might also be curved. It will 50 be understood that the metal plate 2| of this are spaced apart substantially the distance of the button shank and less than the distance of 45 the button head whereby the coils may be but~ toned to the back panel by straight down pres sure of the coils against the buttons and a pack of sheets hung on the coils of said construction. 6. A book construction having a back panel, 50 up along spaced longitudinal lines A, B, C and D. Each series is like the series of Figs. 2 and 3 except in Fig. 7 it will be understood that they 55 extend along desirably spaced lines A, B, C and D, rather than along the center line of the panel. fastened along the inside face of the back panel, a pack of sheets, a coiled wire binder having the coils closely spaced with relation to the wide spacing of the buttons, the heads of said buttons 55 back panel has a series of spaced ears Z2 struck Each longitudinal series of ears is adapted to be buttoned onto its own separate coiled wire‘ binder element 23 in the same manner as coiled 60 wire 4 is buttoned onto ears 2 of Figs. '1, 4 and 5. But in the grouped arrangement I prefer to locate the parts so that the'wire coils of one pack will slightly nest with those of the adjacent pack and have so indicated them in Fig. '7. But it may 65 in some instances be desirable to space them so they will not nest. This is of course accom plished by so spacing the lines A, B, C and D with relation to the diameter of the rings that the latter do not overlap from one group ‘to 70 another. Fig. '7 is only a skeletonized view but the procedure in making up a full and thick book according to Fig. '7 will be understood from the described operation of the unit construction of Fig. 1. Having fully disclosed my invention in its pre 75 widely spaced buttons having heads and shanks being slightly greater in dimension lengthwise of the panel than the spacing of the coils and the shanks of said buttons being dimensioned about equal to such spacing, all arranged and 60 adapted in or for assembled relation. '7. A ring binder book comprising a pack of sheets, a series of rings one joined to another on which the sheets are hung, a holder for the rings consisting in a plate having upturned ?at por tions in general shape like a collar button, the 65 heads of said portions being dimensioned to wedge their way between a pair of rings and hold the latter to said plate, all arranged and adapted in or for assembled relation. 8. A book construction including a series of 70 coiled wire binder elements each adapted to carry a pack of sheets, a back panel member, a sep arate single longitudinal row of upstanding but tons having shank portions and extending to ward the inside of the book on the back panel 75 2,132,542 for each wire binder element, each button having a wedge-shaped double sloping top edge, said buttons being adapted to be buttoned and un buttoned to a coiled wire binder element between two of its coils, whereby a thick book may be carried with the sheet edges close to the back panel by superposed sheet packs each bound by a coiled wire binder'of small diameter relative to the thickness of the book and all held on the back 10 panel by said buttons, and a pack of sheets hung on the coils of said construction, all arranged and adapted in or for assembled relation. 9. The construction of claim 8 and said coiled wire binding elements slightly overlapping in a 15 nested condition held by the buttons on the back panel. 10. In a book binding structure the combina tion of a rigid metal button having a head and shank made of thin ?at metal all in one plane, 20 the top edge of said button being arch shaped, an integral supporting plate arranged at right angles to the button and extending longitudinally of the button head, other buttons of like kind integral with said plate and with their ?at 25 construction lying in the same vertical plane in substantial spaced positions along said plate as a series, a coiled wire binder consisting of many more turns than there are buttons, the space between adjacent turns being just enough to 30 permit adjacent coils to snap over said button heads as the wire is laid‘on and pressed down along the line of said buttons, and a pack of sheets hung on the coils of said construction, all arranged and adapted in or for assembled relation. 3 11. The combination of claim 10 in which the shanks of said buttons are substantially the same width as the spacing between said coils and the length of said shanks is substantially the same dimension as the diameter of the wire used to make the binding coils. 12. A book comprising in combination a bind ing panel, book sheets, a coiled wire binding ele ment on which the sheets are hung for turning, a series of spaced hook members fastened along the 10 back panel and extending upwardly therefrom towards the coiled binder, each upstanding hook consisting of a cam surface and two oppositely disposed barbs all arranged for the cam surface to crowd adjacent turns of the coiled wire apart 15 as they are pressed down on the upstanding hook and leave the turns anchored in position in back of and under the barbs and in their normal posi tion when the wire is completely inserted, all arranged and adapted in or for assembled rela tion. 13. A book construction, comprising a back panel and hinged cover panels, a pack of sheets hung on a coiled wire binding means, and but tons with shank portions attached to the back 25 panel, said buttons having a head construction with its major axis lying parallel to the axis of the wire coils and longer than the normal space between adjacent coils and constructed so as to button into the spaces between wire coils of the ‘binding means by springing said coils apart in the assembly of the book. FRANK STANLEY SCI-IADE.