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Патент USA US2132542

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Oct. 11,
'
F, s_ SCHADE
'
2,132,542’ '
BOOK CONSTRUCTION
Filed Feb. 28, 1936
IINVENTOR
FRANK Stan/15y 621/405
BY
2,132,542
Patented Oct. 11, 1938
UNITED STATES
PATENTOVFFICE
2,132,542
BOOK CONSTRUCTION
Frank Stanley Schade, Holyoke, Mass., assigncr
to National Blank Book Company, Holyoke,
Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts
Application February 28, 1936, Serial No. 66,266.»
(01. 281-19)
13 Claims.
This invention relates to an improved book
binding construction. Its character is best dis
closed by the accompanying drawing and follow
ing description.
'
In the drawing,
Fig. l is a plan view of an open book embodying
the invention;
‘
~
I
,
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the back panel element
of Fig. 1 before being built into the binding case;
Fig. 3 is an edge view of the element in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a detail View partly in section as indi
cated on line 4-4 of Fig, 1;
Fig. 5 is a section on line 5-5 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 shows a detail modi?ed portion of the
element in Fig. 3; and
Fig. '7 shows in section a modi?ed‘form of the
element in Fig. 2.
Referring'to these ?gures, I will show several
Ways to practice my invention. I punch out’ of
panel and to function in a Way that I will now
describe.
~
In Figs, 1, ll, and 5 the ?ller sheets i l are shown
held together independently of the binding case
by the single coiled wire 4 threaded through mar
gin perforations l2 in the sheets. Thus the ?ller
sheets may be handled as a unit.
Other known
types of ring binders may be used for this purpose.
For example the type in which the wire coils are
arranged perpendicular to the axis (and usually
rather than wound spirally. Filler sheets, thus
hung on coils, are mounted in my binding case by
perpendicular‘ pressure of the coiled wire along
the center line of the back panel. That is the
coiled wire is laid along the center line of the back
panel and simply pressed down into the position it
is to occupy in the bound book.
This is an ex
will be understood that the spaced buttons 2 with
rounded top edges will each wedge its way between
two adjacent coils and button down the edges of
such coils. The ?nal position is shown in Figs. 1,
4 and 5. It will be understood that the spacing
simple tabs arranged perpendicular to plate I
of the coils of wire 4 and-the spacing of the but- '
'
As shown, plate 8 is built into a binder case as
the body of the back panel. This may be given
the curved form of Fig. 5. The body portions or
panels ‘I and 8 of the covers may be of cardboard.
The panels are covered with a suitable decorative
outer sheet 6 extending over all panels. Sheet 6
is folded along the edges of cover and back panels,
as shown in the lower left hand broken out part
of Fig. 1. Then liner sheet material 5 is fastened
on the inside of all panels. The ears 2 extend
through the sheet material 5 on the inside of the
back panel, see Figs. ll and 5. The liner sheet 5
may be in single sheet ‘form, with openings for
'11.) ears 2 or of two sheet form with abutting edges
along the center line of the back panel and
notched to ?t around the ears 2. The material of
sheets 5 and 6 is ?exible to make hinges between
the back panel and cover portions, which will be
clear from Fig. 5.
It will be seen up to this point that I have built
up a book binding case, using only the material.
for such a case.‘
The variation is that I have
punched out tabs from the material of the back
' panel and bent them up perpendicular to the
back panel to lie in spaced position in the central
perpendicular plane of the back panel. In this
way I have provided not only the book binding
case but also attaching means, without additional
55 material, to fasten ?ller sheet rings to the back
5
tremely simple assembly operation, in which it
metal strip I, a series of ears 2 along the center
line of the plate and bend these ears 2 perpen
dicular to the plate as in Fig. 3. Viewed from the
side, ears 2 appear like a series of collar buttons.
Viewed from the top or ends the ears appear like
along its center line.
0
connected by wire portions parallel to the axis) ,
tons 2 are preferably such that in making the
attachment the only relative movement is that of
the coils against the buttons and the very slight
spreading of those few coils which are chosen to
directly engage the buttons 2. The heads of the
buttons are preferably dimensioned so that when
they span'the distance between two coils, as in
Fig. 4, the coils engaged by the buttons are in
their normal position just as the coils that are not
engaged by the buttons 2. That is, I prefer to
make the shank of the button 'no wider in the
dimension parallel to the wire coil axis than the
normal spacing of wire coils. This is a matter of
detail preference,
In the illustrated example I show only ?ve 40
buttons on the back panel, but they are provided
in a construction which will hold over twenty coils
or rings in satisfactory position on the back
panel. This is accomplished with a minimum use
of material, an extremely simple movement of 45
book elements for assembly, and an almost com
plete obliteration of attaching means for holding
rings to the back panel of a book binding case.
As amatter of fact, the binding case as I have
shown it in the described form, has no material
added to it by reason of my construction of ring
attaching means for the binding case. A very
small part of the normal material used in the
back panel portion of the binding case isj'used
instead of additional material.
2
2,132,542
The form, of the button may vary, for example,
ferred and some modi?ed forms, the following
I have shown in Fig. 6 a tab 2' that will button
claims are made to protect it as fully as the
over one wire coil instead of two coils as the form
2 will do. The forms of buttons 2 or 2’ or others
may be varied in the same book. Instead of
prior art will permit.
curving the back panel of the binding case trans~
panel and hinged cover panels, a pack of sheets
hung on a coiled‘ wire binding means, and buttons
Versely I may use it ?at. In some practical in
stances it may be desirable to use a complete
binding case of back panel and hinged covers and
attach a metal plate I carrying ears 2 to the inside
face of the back panel. For example, if it is
desired to use a common form of binding case the
metal plate I with ears 2 may be simply attached
as by riveting without going into the construction
15 of the back panel per se.
But I prefer the latter
construction as I have described it, because
according to one object of my invention I want to
avoid the use of any additional material in adding
the means to attach the rings to the back panel
In other words, the preferred'form
of my invention is to reduce structural combina
tion to the binding case and the ?ller sheets and
20 of the book.
rings without adding material for the attaching
means to fasten the rings onto the back panel.
It will be clear that the ring wire can be un
buttoned from the back panel in the described’
construction. Thus the new book has the ad
vantage of readily replaceable ?ller units. To
manipulate the book in assembly and disassembly
operations there are no complications. The pas
sage of the aligned coils over each button head
causes such an extremely minute and temporary
spreading of the coils as to be negligible with
respect to distorting the elements of the ring
35 structure as it is put together with the binder
case or taken out of the binder case.
In Fig. '7 I show an extension of the invention
to make a modi?ed form of book in which a
plurality of ?ller packs, each with its own coiled
'10 wire binder, are mounted in one book binder
case to make a new combination. By this means
I can make a thicker book than by the simpler
construction of Figs. 1 and 5. To simplify the
I claim:
'1. A book construction, comprising . a back 5
having shank portions attached to the back panel
portion, said buttons having a head construction
with a cross-section lying parallel to the axis of
the wire coils and longer than the normal space
between adjacent coils and constructed so as to
button into the spaces between wire coils of the
binding means by springing said coils apart in
the assembly of the book.
'
2. The combination of claim 1 and said buttons
being ?at and arranged in a vertical plane along
the central line of the back panel.
3. A book construction comprising a back panel
having as its body portion a sheet metal strip 20
with spaced buttons having shank portions turned
up from the metal, cover portions hinged to the
back panel by overlying ?exible sheet material
pasted on both the back panel and cover portions
with openings for the turned up buttons, a pack 25
of ?ller sheets and a coiled wire binder element
attached to said pack, the spaces between the
coils of the wire binder being adapted to receive
said buttons by springing the adjacent coils apart
as they pass over the heads of the buttons to 30
fasten the pack of sheets and its binder to the
back panel.
4. The combination of claim 3 and said but
tons extending ?atwise in the central vertical
plane of the back panel.
35
5. In a book construction, a thin back panel
plate having buttons with shanks bent up from
the material of the'plate and extending towards
the inside of the book and spaced along a longi
tudinal line of the plat-e, each button having a 40
wedge-shaped double sloping top edge and flat
sides, all in combination and in assembled rela
tion with a coiled wire binder whose ring coils
drawing, I show this modi?cation of Fig. '7 in
45 cross section only, omitting the sheets of the book
and showing only the arrangement of the rings
and their attachment to the back panel. The
back panel is 2G, in this case conveniently shown
?at although it might also be curved. It will
50 be understood that the metal plate 2| of this
are spaced apart substantially the distance of
the button shank and less than the distance of 45
the button head whereby the coils may be but~
toned to the back panel by straight down pres
sure of the coils against the buttons and a pack
of sheets hung on the coils of said construction.
6. A book construction having a back panel, 50
up along spaced longitudinal lines A, B, C and D.
Each series is like the series of Figs. 2 and 3
except in Fig. 7 it will be understood that they
55 extend along desirably spaced lines A, B, C and D,
rather than along the center line of the panel.
fastened along the inside face of the back panel,
a pack of sheets, a coiled wire binder having the
coils closely spaced with relation to the wide
spacing of the buttons, the heads of said buttons 55
back panel has a series of spaced ears Z2 struck
Each longitudinal series of ears is adapted to
be buttoned onto its own separate coiled wire‘
binder element 23 in the same manner as coiled
60 wire 4 is buttoned onto ears 2 of Figs. '1, 4 and 5.
But in the grouped arrangement I prefer to locate
the parts so that the'wire coils of one pack will
slightly nest with those of the adjacent pack and
have so indicated them in Fig. '7. But it may
65 in some instances be desirable to space them so
they will not nest. This is of course accom
plished by so spacing the lines A, B, C and D
with relation to the diameter of the rings that
the latter do not overlap from one group ‘to
70 another. Fig. '7 is only a skeletonized view but
the procedure in making up a full and thick book
according to Fig. '7 will be understood from the
described operation of the unit construction of
Fig. 1.
Having fully disclosed my invention in its pre
75
widely spaced buttons having heads and shanks
being slightly greater in dimension lengthwise
of the panel than the spacing of the coils and
the shanks of said buttons being dimensioned
about equal to such spacing, all arranged and
60
adapted in or for assembled relation.
'7. A ring binder book comprising a pack of
sheets, a series of rings one joined to another on
which the sheets are hung, a holder for the rings
consisting in a plate having upturned ?at por
tions in general shape like a collar button, the 65
heads of said portions being dimensioned to
wedge their way between a pair of rings and hold
the latter to said plate, all arranged and adapted
in or for assembled relation.
8. A book construction including a series of 70
coiled wire binder elements each adapted to carry
a pack of sheets, a back panel member, a sep
arate single longitudinal row of upstanding but
tons having shank portions and extending to
ward the inside of the book on the back panel 75
2,132,542
for each wire binder element, each button having
a wedge-shaped double sloping top edge, said
buttons being adapted to be buttoned and un
buttoned to a coiled wire binder element between
two of its coils, whereby a thick book may be
carried with the sheet edges close to the back
panel by superposed sheet packs each bound by
a coiled wire binder'of small diameter relative to
the thickness of the book and all held on the back
10 panel by said buttons, and a pack of sheets hung
on the coils of said construction, all arranged
and adapted in or for assembled relation.
9. The construction of claim 8 and said coiled
wire binding elements slightly overlapping in a
15 nested condition held by the buttons on the back
panel.
10. In a book binding structure the combina
tion of a rigid metal button having a head and
shank made of thin ?at metal all in one plane,
20 the top edge of said button being arch shaped,
an integral supporting plate arranged at right
angles to the button and extending longitudinally
of the button head, other buttons of like kind
integral with said plate and with their ?at
25 construction lying in the same vertical plane in
substantial spaced positions along said plate as
a series, a coiled wire binder consisting of many
more turns than there are buttons, the space
between adjacent turns being just enough to
30 permit adjacent coils to snap over said button
heads as the wire is laid‘on and pressed down
along the line of said buttons, and a pack of
sheets hung on the coils of said construction, all
arranged and adapted in or for assembled relation.
3
11. The combination of claim 10 in which the
shanks of said buttons are substantially the same
width as the spacing between said coils and the
length of said shanks is substantially the same
dimension as the diameter of the wire used to
make the binding coils.
12. A book comprising in combination a bind
ing panel, book sheets, a coiled wire binding ele
ment on which the sheets are hung for turning, a
series of spaced hook members fastened along the 10
back panel and extending upwardly therefrom
towards the coiled binder, each upstanding hook
consisting of a cam surface and two oppositely
disposed barbs all arranged for the cam surface
to crowd adjacent turns of the coiled wire apart 15
as they are pressed down on the upstanding hook
and leave the turns anchored in position in back
of and under the barbs and in their normal posi
tion when the wire is completely inserted, all
arranged and adapted in or for assembled rela
tion.
13. A book construction, comprising a back
panel and hinged cover panels, a pack of sheets
hung on a coiled wire binding means, and but
tons with shank portions attached to the back 25
panel, said buttons having a head construction
with its major axis lying parallel to the axis of
the wire coils and longer than the normal space
between adjacent coils and constructed so as to
button into the spaces between wire coils of the
‘binding means by springing said coils apart in
the assembly of the book.
FRANK STANLEY SCI-IADE.
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