Патент USA US2132860код для вставки
Oct. 11, 1938." G; A. MORIARTY 2 ,132,860 ANTISLIPPING. DEVICE Filed 001;. 8, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR fare: A. llamwry‘ BY ATTORNEY Oct. 11, 1938; ' a. A. MORIARTY 2,132,860 ANTISLIPPING DEVICE Filed Oct. 8, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 v INVENTOR 9150265 A. Max/‘wry BY A ATTORNEY 2,132,860 Patented Oct. 11, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,132,860 ANTISLIPPING DEVICE George A. Moriarty, San Diego, Calif. Application October8, 1937, Serial No. 167,928 12 ‘Claims. (Cl. 36-737) , Figure 1 is a bottom view of the device showing This invention relates to antislipping devices adapted to beassociated with the soles of vshoes and the like for the purpose of giving the wearer the same applied to a shoe sole. a more secure footing on a walking surface. Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the I Such devices ?nd wide application in many ?elds where it is necessary or desirable that slipping between the sole of the shoe and the walking surface be avoided. Hill climbing, lum bering, walking on ice and various sports, as 10 golf and baseballyare examples of some of the ?elds in which the present invention has applica tion. It is an object of the invention to provide an antislipping device which is simple in construc tion and economical to produce. , _ It is another object of the invention to provide an antislipping device which is readily adjustable to ?t shoes of various sizes. Another object of the invention is to ' provide O an antislipping device which is not only easily applied to a shoe but which when’appli‘ed to the shoe will automatically move into secure opera tive relation therewith. A feature of the invention, therefore, ‘resides F in providing an antislipping device which ‘is maintained in operative relationwith the shoe by means of a resilient connection between the device and a means engaging the shank portion of the shoe sole. Another feature of the invention resides in pro . Fig. 2.is a side view of the device shown in expansible yoke member. Fig. 4 is a bottom view similar to Fig. 1, but showing a modi?ed form of the invention. Fig. 5 is aside view of the form of the inven ~10 tion shown in Fig. 4. Fig. 6 is a detail view showing a modi?ed con nection between the crossed members. Before describing the present improvements and mode of operation thereof in detail it should be understood that the invention is not limited to the details of construction and arrangement of parts shown in the accompanying drawings, . which are merely illustrative of the present pre ferred "embodiments, since the invention is ca pable of other embodiments, and the phraseology employed is for the purpose of description and not of limitation. Referring more particularly to the drawings for the present preferred embodiments of the inven tion and ?rst to Figs. 1 through 3,‘there is dis closed for the purpose of illustration anqanti slipping device It! applied to the sole 1 I of a. shoe 12. As there shown, the device 10 includes a pair of} pivotally associated and crossed members l3 30 and 14; formed by metal strips, which are adapt viding a pair of pivotally connected and crossed members adapted to be positioned beneath a shoe ed to be positioned beneath the shoe sole to re sole and having vprojecting ‘means thereon for en " spectively extend diagonally from one side there gaging a walking surface; and in providing a of to ‘the other. Provided at the forward ends resilient . connection between the respective crossed members and a yoke means adapted to engage the shankportion of a shoe sole whereby ?ngers on the crossed members are drawn into gripping and operative relation with the welt of a shoe. Another feature of the invention resides in pro viding an antislipping device which is maintained in operative relation with. a shoe byv a. resilient connection with a novel expansible‘ yoke member 4 CH adapted to engage the shank of the shoe sole. ' i5 and I6 of the crossed members 13 and H are inturned fingers I‘! and I8 respectively adapted to overlie thewelt portion IQ of the shoe sole, while at the rear ends 20 and 2| of the crossed members I3 and I4 there are preferably provided like inturned ?ngers 22 and 23 respectively, 4.0 ‘adapted to overlie the welt of the shoe sole at points spaced rearwardly fromrthe ?ngers l1 and I8. - _ ‘ Of importance it is to be noted that the crossed members are provided with inwardly extending sections 24 and 25 respectively, located forwardly of the place of crossing 26 and connected by a ‘A further feature‘ of the invention resides in providing an antislipping device having a pairof pivot pin 21 having portions 28 and 29 respec crossed members, pivotally connected ‘at'a'point tively overlying and underlying the sections 24 50 spaced forwardly of the place of crossing,v and and-25 to thus pivotally associate the members 50 formed with ?ngers for overlying and gripping I3 and I4. the shoe welt. Other objects and features will h'ereinafter ap pear. 55 In the drawings: Likewise, it is to be noted that the cross mem ber 14 atthe place of crossing is formed with a channel shaped section 30 adapted to receive the other cross member M. The provision of this 55 2,132,860 channel shaped section is advantageous that as shown, the forward edge 56 is formed with a plurality of notches 51 therein adapted to receive the stop ?ange 55 and thus lock the bars from relative longitudinal sliding movement. In applying the expansible yoke member to a it enables a close positioning of both the upper member l3 and the lower member I4 flat against the underside of the shoe sole and serves also as a means to guide and maintain the members I3 and M in proper association. Supplementing the channel section 35 in thus shoe, the bars 49 and III are ?rst pivoted rear wardly about the stud so as to free the stop 55 properly maintaining the crossed members I3 from the notched edge 56 and then slid relative to an'dllt in association there are preferably formed‘ 10 in the respective members at the place of cross ing 26 slots 33 and 32 adapted to slidably receive a pin 33 having a portion 311 overlying the upper member I3 and a portion 35 underlying the lower member I4. each other until the width of the member is slightlyin excess of that of the narrowest part of the shank portion 58. ‘The yoke member is then inserted under the shank 58 of the sole II and the bars 40 and Ill pivoted forwardly until the stop 55 engages the notched edge 56. When thus adjusted the yoke member is of a width less 15 Of importance, because of the connection be tween the crossed members at the pivot pin 27 ' than that ofthe forward ball portion 59 of the and also at the place of crossing 26 the strength sole and of the forward portion of the shank 58 of the device I9 is materially increased, and this so that when pulled forwardly it will wedge without appreciably increasing the weight of the 20 device. 7 against the sides of the latter portion. To thus pull the yoke member 39 forwardly 20 ' , With this'construction'when the crossed mem to wedge the~ overlying ?ngers ll?and 49 against bers I3 and M arezpivoted relative to each other ' opposite sides of the shoe sole and to maintain to move the gripping ?ngers I'l, I8, 22 and 23 to ward the shoe weld I9 the pin 33 slides in the 7 slots 3Iand 32 and serves to strengthen thede vicerand to maintain the members I3 and I 4 in closerelation. , , , v I Spikes?36, suitably. secured to the crossed mem ' bers and projecting downwardly therefrom pro 36 vide efficient means for engaging in antislipping relation with the walking surface. Preferably, and as shown, the pins 27 and .33 by which the crossed members I3 and I4 are maintained in end and ?xed as by a rivet 63 to one of the up standing portions 64 and 65 of the ?ngers I3 and I4, and havingra second link 66 secured to the rear, end and ?xed, as by a rivet, to one of the up standing ?anges 44 and 4,5 of the yoke member 39. 30 Concurrently with the pulling of the yoke mem- . ber '39 into?wedging engagementwith the sole, proper association, are formed with downwardly the spring connectors 60 draw the pivotally as similar to thespikest?. sociated ‘crossed member's'lii and I4 together to 35 cause the ,?ngersI'I'L'IS, 22 and‘ 23 to' grip and 35 projecting portions providing‘ spikes 31 and 38 ' a I For'maintaining the ‘fingers i 1, I8, 22’ and 23 in ?rm gripping engagement with the shoe welt to thus hold the antislipping device ID in proper rela tion with the shoe there is preferably, provided a novel yoke member 39 adapted to be located under the shank or instep portion 58 of the shoe sole and to. grip the shoe welt I 9 at opposite sides thereof. he yoke member may be an integral or non 45 , the stop 55 ?rmly in the seleced one of the notches 51 there is provided a pair of spring connectors 60. Each of’ these ‘connectors comprises a coil 25 spring 6| having a link 62 secured to the forward expansible element. ' ' ,_ Preferably, however, and as shown,'this yoke overlie the shoe‘welt and" thus securely maintain the antislipping device I9 inassoeiation with the shoe sole. ' ’ With this construction it will be readily appre ciated that the device I0 is adapted to be applied 40 to shoes of'divers sizes and that when so applied the spring'connectors 60 will automatically move the gripping ?ngers I1, I8, 722 and 23 in operative relation with the welt I9. Also, it will be readily appreciated'that because vof the manner in which 45 member 39’is expansible so as to be readily ad theyoke member '35 is associated'with thevshoe justabl'eto be emciently cooperable with shoes that ‘the danger of‘ the same being knocked or having shank portions of divers widths. It in :jarred‘from'operative engagement with the shoe sole is minimized. 50 cludes a p'airpf slidably and pivotally associated bars‘ 49 and El’ having respectively at the outer Instead of the construction disclosed in'Figs. l 50 ends 42 and 43 thereof, upstanding ?anges M and and 2, the modi?ed antislipping device ‘Ell shown 45 with hooked'portions 46 and 41 providing ?n in‘v Figs. 44and 5-may be utilized. ‘ ' ' ' gers '48 andllil adapted to‘ extend over the welt I 9 ' - There it is seen that" the'modi?ed device it 55 at'opposite sides of the shoe. ‘ like the form ?rst described, includes a pair of there is formed in one of the'bars £9 a longie tudinally extending slot 50 adapted to receive a 60 pin or ‘stud 5I'; having an enlarged head 52, on the ‘I5 and 76, Yadaptedto- be located beneath thesole II? of a'shoe It to extend diagonally’ from one For thus pivotally and slidably associating the. 'pivotally associated and crossed members ‘!I and ,55 bars 49 and dlrof the expansible yoke member ‘I2 having forward ends ‘I3 and ‘M, and rear ends other bar 4|. An enlarged head receiving open ing53‘atone end of the slot 59 permits the ready insertion of the stud 5! in the slot. When the stud 5i is subsequently slid in the slot'50 the 65 head 52 overlies the-bar 40 and serves to main tain it in pivotal ‘and slidable relation with the other bar. ' . ' In order that the pivotal movement between the bars 40 and AI may be limited to one direction, sidethereofto‘the-other; -' Also as in‘ the form ?rst described, inturned ?ngers ‘I’? and 18 are 60 formed-on thewforward ends of the members“ andTIZ respectively,‘adapted togrip and overlie a shoe .welt,_andcsimilar inturnedv?ngers ‘i9 and r 85 are. formed on .the rear ends of the members ‘II and~12 adapted to grip-andoverlie‘the welt I9 at points spacedrearwardly of» the ?ngers ‘ll 'and'I8... ‘'4 ‘ Itis to be noted, however, that in the modi?ed toward the rear or heel portion (not shown) of - device 10 the pivotal association‘ of the members 1 the shoe, there is formed at the forward edge 54 of therbar 4| at a point on the opposite side of the stud V5I from the ?nger 49, an upstanding ?ange or car 55 adapted to engage with the for ward edge’ 56 of the‘other bar. Preferably and‘ ‘Hand ‘I2 is not achieved by a pin' connection lo cated forwardly of the place of crossing- 85. In stead,'thejpivotal associationof thememhers ‘II and ‘I2 is achieved solely by a pivot pin 82 having portions 83 and 84 overlying and underlying the 75 2,132,860 members ‘H and 12 respectively; and connecting of crossedmembers'ito said 'yoke’member for the same at the place of crossing.- in the members" and 12, similar to the slots 3| drawing said gripping means and said yoke mem ber into ‘operative relation with the shoe sole. An antislipping‘ device to be applied to the sole'of ashoe or the-like,*including a pair of ? '1 i111» i -~ ‘ ii? Preferably and as shown, this ‘pin 82-.pas'ses through longitudinally extending slots 85and85 V10 V15 3 and 32 in the form .?rst described. a As in the pivotallyconnected ‘and crossed members adapted form shown in Figs. 1 and 2, one of the=crossed members 12 is formed with a‘ channel shaped sec‘ tion 8‘! adapted to locate and receive the other 'toi'b‘e positioned beneath. the sole-of a shoe and 'toarespectively. extend‘ diagonally from one side thereof ‘to the other‘; projecting means on at least member-‘H. one» of - said: crossed members for engaging a - . l " l - forms a spike which cooperates with a plurality walking surface; inwardly extending ?ngers on ‘each of said ‘crossed members for gripping and of other downwardly extending spikes 89 on the crossed members in providing an antislipping the sole; a pair of slidably and pivotally associ means for engaging the walking surface.- " ated bars having a pin and slot connection, one of at A projecting portion.88 on the pivot- pin ‘582 - . overlying ‘the welt of a shoe at opposite sides of ' A spring plate 90 extendingbetween'r the for said bars having a notched edge and the other ward gripping ?ngers TI and 18, and connected to of said members having a stop means engageable the upstanding portions 9| and 92 thereof serves . with‘said notched edge-to prevent Sliding‘ move to hold the crossed members ‘H and 12 in proper ment vbetween said bars and to prevent pivotal 20 relation and to prevent adverse shifting of the movement thereof in one direction; means on pivot pin 82 in the slots 85 and 86 afterthe de-' vice 70 has been adjusted to ?t a shoe :of a'g'iven size. In addition, thespring plate 9ll'serves‘to equalize transverse forces to which oneofthe 25 cross members might be subjected by distribut ing the same partially to the other member; For drawing and maintaining the ‘?ngers TI, 18, 19 and 80 in gripping engagement with the welt of the shoe the same advantageous yoke member 30 39 and resilient connectors 60 disclosed in Figs. 1 through 3 are preferably utilized, the connection between the links 62 at the forward end of the springs BI and the upstanding portions 93 and“ of the ?ngers 18 and 80 being suitably achieved by 35 40 said bars for engaging opposite sides of the shank lpor'tionrofthe shoe sole; and'resilient means con necting each‘. of ‘said members to said bars for drawing said gripping. means into operative rela tion 'with'the shoe'fsole and for maintaining the stop means in: engagement with the notched edge. v3.:An- antislipping devicelto be applied ‘to the sole of - a shoe or 'the- like, including a pair of crossed ‘members adapted to be positioned be‘ neath the sole of ‘a shoe; sections'on each of said fcrossedmembers, located forwardly of the place of crossing and respectively extending inwardly towardv each other; a pivotal connection between said inwardly extending sections; projecting If desired there may beprovided, asrshown in means on at least one‘of said members foren gaging a walking surface; inturned ?ngersv on Fig. 6, a spring plate 95 suitably secured to‘; the member 12 to overlie the channel shaped'section welt of a fshoefand means Fformovin‘g ‘said rivets63. . - H‘ ‘ ' said members for gripping'and, overlying the 81 and thus positively con?ne the other member 7 crossed"memb'ers to draw said'inturned'fingers into operative relation with thelwelt of a shoe. -4..An antislipping device'toibe‘appliedlto the it is possible to‘ dispense with the pin 82 and .slots 85 and 8E connection disclosed in-Figs. 4and- 5-, sole of a shoe‘or the like, including ‘a pair of ‘ll therein. When such va construction is utilized the overlying spring plate 95, channelsection?l and connecting spring plate'90 ‘alone serving crossed vmembers adapted to be positioned‘ be neath theisole of a shoe; sections on each of said 45 to effectively maintain the crossed members ‘in ' vcrossed members'flocated forwardly of the place at pivotal relation. " > . '~ ~ Also, if desired the overlying spring platev 95 may be utilized in the form‘shown 'in Figs. 1 and 2, in which event the ‘pin 33 and slots 3| 50 and 32 connection may be dispensed with jwithe out adversely affecting the ?rm and secure re lationship between the crossed members. .7 - ‘ of crossing ‘and respectively extending inwardly toward'eacli other; ‘a pivotal connection between said inwardly- extending sections; a- channel shaped 's'ectionin one 'of vsaid members at the place of crossing for receiving the other crossed “ member; projecting means on at least one of said members'for engaging a walking surface; in In all of the forms,'therefore,’it==is seen that the antislipping device provided by the'present turned, ?ngers’on said members-for gripping and invention is simple in construction, ef?cient'and ing said crossed members to draw said inturned its fingers intoioperative relation with the welt of a readily adaptable for use with'shoes of divers > sizes and shapes. ' Variations and modi?cations‘ maybe made within the scope of this invention and portions 60 of the improvements may be'usecl without others. Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is: overlying the welt of ashoe; and means for mov; Y 1. An antislipping device to be applied to the sole of a shoe or the like, including a pair of 65 pivotally associated members adapted to be po sitioned beneath the sole and to respectively ex tend diagonally from one side thereof to the other; means on each of said members for grip‘ ping the welt of a shoe at opposite sides of the 70 shoe sole; downwardly projecting means on at least one of said members; a substantially rigid yoke member insertable under the shank portion of a shoe sole having inturned ?ngers for over-v lying the welt of a shoe at opposite sides thereof; 75 and resilient means connecting each of said pair 5. An antislipping device to be applied to the sole of a‘ shoe or‘ the like, including a pair of crossedniembers adapted to be positioned‘ be- ' neath the sole of a shoe to respectively extend diagonally from one side thereof to the other; forward and rear ends on said crossed members; a spring plate connecting said forward ends; means on said forward and rear ends for gripping 65 the welt of a shoe; projecting means on at least ‘ one of said- members for engaging a walking surface; and means for drawing said gripping means into operative relation with the welt of a. shoe. 70 6. An antislipping device to be applied to the sole of a shoe or the like, including a pair of crossed members respectively having longitudi nally extending slots angularly disposed relative to ‘and overlapping each other at the place of 75 4 - 72,182,860 crossing and adapted to be positioned beneath means forgripping the welt of a shoe; yoke means the sole of a shoe to respectively extend diago nally from one side thereof to the otherea pin in said slots and slidable therein for pivotally associ ating said members; forward and rear ends on said crossed members; inturned ?ngers on- said forward and rear ends for gripping and overlying the welt of a shoe; downwardly projectingrmeans on at least one of, said crossed~members;‘a yoke 10 member insertable. under the shank portion of a shoe sole, having hooked portions adapted to . '15 insertableunrler thev sole-‘of a shoe, connected to said; ?rst named meansv for maintaining said grippingmeans. in operative relation with the sole of a'shoe, said yoke means comprising a pair of slidably and pivotally associated bars hav ing a pin and slot connection, ‘one of said ‘bars having a notched ,edge and the other of said members having a-stop means engageable with said notched edge to prevent sliding movement between 'saidzbars and to preventpivotal move overlie the welt of a shoe; and resilient means ment thereof in one direction; and means on said connecting the rear end of said crossed members and said yoke member for drawing‘ the inturned ?ngers into operative relation with the welt of a tion of the shoe sole. shoe. . bars for engaging opposite sides of the shank por . 10. An antislipping device to‘ be applied to the 11,5 sole of a shoe‘ orthe like, including, a pair of crossed members having respectively slots angu larly disposed relative to each other at the place of crossing and adapted to be positioned beneath the sole of a shoe; pin means connecting said 7. An antislipping device to be applied to the sole of a shoe or the like, including apair of pivotally associated and crossed members adapted 20 to be positioned beneath the sole of a shoe and to ‘respectively extend diagonally from one side , members and slidable in said slots; av pivotal thereof to the other; a spring plate secured to connection between saidmembers located for one of said members and overlying the other of wardly of the place of crossing; means on said said members at the place of crossing for main taining the same in pivotal association; forward and rear ends on said crossed members; ?ngers members for gripping and overlying the welt of on said forward and rear ends for gripping the a shoe at opposite sides thereof; downwardly pro- ; jecting means on at least one of said members; and means for moving said crossed members to shoe sole at opposite'sides thereof; downwardly draw said gripping means into operative relation projecting .means on at least one of said crossed with the welt of a shoe. members; and means for drawing said ?ngers in to operative relation with the shoe sole, said 11. An antislipping device to be applied to the .30 sole of ashoe or the like, including a pair of pivot ally connected and crossed members adapted to be positioned beneaththe sole of'a shoe to re spectively extend diagonally from one side there of to the other; forward and rear ends on said 35 crossed members; a spring plate connectingsaid forward ends; means on said crossed members means including a resilient, connection to the rear end of each of said crossed members and extending rearwardly therefrom. , ' . 8. An antislipping device to beapplied to the sole of a'shoe or the like, including a pair of‘ crossed members adapted to be positioned be neath the sole of a, shoe or the like and to re. spectively extend diagonally from one side there 40 of to the other; means on‘ said ‘members for gripping the welt‘ of a shoe vat opposite sides thereof; a channel shaped section in one of said members at the place of crossing for loosely re , ’ . for gripping the welt of a~shoe; projecting means on at least one of said members for engaging a Walking surface; and means for drawing said 40 grippingmeans into operative relation with the Welt of a shoe. ' , ' ~ I 12. An antislipping device to be applied to the ceiving the other crossed, member; a spring plate - sole of a shoe or the like, including a pair of 45 overlying said channelled section in one of said crossed members respectivelyhaving slots angu 45 members for maintaining the other member in pivotal association'therewith; projecting means on- at least one of said crossed members for en gaging a walking surface; means insertable under the shank portion of a shoe sole,rhaving hooked portions adapted to engage the shank at oppo site sides thereof; and resilient means connect ing said shank engaging means and said crossed members for drawing said gripping means into ' , .55 larly disposed relative to each other at the place of crossing and adapted to be positio-nedbeneath the sole of a shoe to respectively extend diago nally from one side thereof to the other; a pin in said slots and slidable therein for pivotally asso 50 ciating said members; forward and rear ends on said crossed members; inturned ?ngers on , said forward andvrear ends for gripping and overlying the welt. of a shoe; a spring plate con operative relation with the sole of a shoe. necting said forward ends on said crossed mem 55 9. An an-tislipping device to be applied to the ' bers; downwardly projecting means on at least sole of a shoe or the like, including means- adapted one of said crossed members; and means for to be positioned beneath the sole of a shoe, hav- ' drawing said gripping ?ngers into operative rela ing a plurality of projections thereon for engag ing a walking surface; means on said ?rst named tion with the welt of a shoe. . ’ GEORGE. A. MORIARTY.