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Патент USA US2132927

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Oct. 11, 1938.
I
2,132,927
F_ ,4\_ BEST
ROBE RAIL AND ‘METHOD OF FO'RMING THE SAME.
Filed March 10, 1937
v
INVENTOR.
Frank A?ea’f
'
ATTORNEYS
.
Patented Oct. 11, 1938
N
'
UNITEDSTATES
5 2,132,927
PATENT}OFFICE' ,_
‘ROBE RAILAND MEéI‘HOD or FORMING THE
FranknArzBe‘sgwindsor; ‘Ontario; Canada - Application'lllarchi ‘10, 1937, Serial no, 130,187,
‘
i. 22 Claims.
‘ The invention relates to ‘?exible cord or rope
members more particularly designed for use in
forming robe‘ railsfor automobiles, and other
uses. It is the object ‘of the invention'to obtain
5 a construction which is ‘formed of inexpensive
materials; hasia highdegree Qfftens’ile' strength;
maintains a round cross section'a'nd is externally
of a pleasing appearance. It is a vfurther object
(Citing-eff‘ ‘
.
passed between rollers E having'grooves E’ for
receiving the core Djand placing the‘same over
one of thestrips, suchasA', and beneath'an over
lapping strip A”, as shown in Figurej3. This com
pletely covers the‘core‘ and attaches the over
lapping“ strips to each other,'the’ latex being suf
‘?ciently'adhesive to retain the, elements inthis
position.‘ After leaving the rollers E the strips
of the invention to obtain a simple method. for , passv through a converging guide F.‘ which as shown
o forming ‘this construction. :Withthese objects in'Fig'ures .4 and 5 is of spiral cross section with
in .view the invention consists in the,’ construction prpgre'ssivelysincreasing' number of convolutions.
and method as hereinafter set forth. "
In vthe drawing:
"
I
From the?’ discharge end of this guide F the
r
Figure 1 is a plan view of an apparatus whichv . spirally "wound strips pass between _ presser
15‘ may be employed infmanuiactur‘ing the robe rail rollers Ganzd H which are provided peripherally
with substantially semi-‘circular grooves. The roll
by my improved method;
.
v
a
_
Figures 2, 3, 4, 5,_ 6, 7 and 8 are sections re
I-IQ-is. alsoprovided with radially outwardly ex
tending ?anges H’ which overlap the rollerG and
spectively on lines 242, 3-3, 4—,4, 5-5; ‘Bi-6v,‘ form a complete-enclosure for retaining the spiral
1_1 and a.-._a ofjFi'gure 1;‘
a ,
_
.
_
2
fabric. Thus the pressure of the rolls will con
Figure 10 is an elevation showing a'robe rail of . dense the_..cros's_;fsection and impart thereto a
“Figure 9 isaperspective‘view of the product;
my improved‘ construction as attached I to .the
seat of an automobile.
‘
‘
_ ‘5
,.
Generally described, my improved construction
2 of ?exible rope is formed from ‘strips .of fabric,
circular fpe' iph'ery whichvisconcentric with the,
circular'c‘ore D.»:
_
f To. impart the desired ornamental appearance
to ,-the rope I- coverthe same with a suitable
such, as burlap, vwhich ‘are impregnated with a " fabrics 'I'hisfisla strip I of such width as to en
plastic adhesive such as latex. j'I’hese stripsare' circle the .outer surface. of the rope bringing the
then fed through guides ‘whichjplace the‘ same ‘ opposite edges of'the strip in abutting relation.
in cross-sectionallyr overlapping relation, .after
30 which they are passed through a converging
guide for fashioning them into a spiral cross sec
tion; Pressure is then applied‘to condense‘thjis
cross‘ section,’ aiterqwhich a surrounding orna
35
40
mental covering is placed thereon.‘ In'order that
the rope may be maintained ‘circular in_,cross
section; it is desirable ‘tospirally wind‘the'strips
Howeven'in‘order to secure the cover in this po
sition, 1 preferably provide a selvage edge J which
is woven with the strip, but is considerably less in
thickness. . This'v'selvage extends along both edges
of ‘the strip so that when thestrip is wrapped
about .the rope one selvage edge may underlap the
bodyiportion of theopposite edge of the strip,
while the ,selvage portion at‘that edge is turned 36
about a central core which also isv circular in a back tofcover the ?rst placed selvage. These two
cross section. For this 'core _I may employ a selvage portions will be cemented together by the
paper cord, and to properly place this core in ‘the latexwhich is in the rope, and after passing be
tween presserirrollsK and L, similar to the rolls 40
rope. uThefwrapping of the coverv strip about the
center of thespiral?windingQl attach’ it to'a
fabric strip whichis at one end of the overlapping
series. Thus, [in the subsequent ‘spiral winding
of these‘ strips theyrwill _remainfsubs‘tantially
lfopefiseffected through a tapering spiral guide
parallel to this core‘and after the ?nal compres
M‘somewhat similar in construction to the guide
G and 5H,_ thecoyer will be vi‘lrmlyattached to the
45 sion will have ‘a circular cross sectional ‘periphery. F and which is placed in advance of therolls
In detail, the method of forming, my improved [ K and L.‘ ~ The cover strip I may be fed into rela
tion .to the rope over. a guide roller Nwhich is in
rope or robe rail is asfollowsz
'
I . ;
‘A plurality of comparatiyelynarrow strips of
fabric, preferably,burlap; are_cut and are then
5 O immersed‘ or otherwise impregnated with latex
by suitable means Knotfshown); 'I_‘he latex im-i~
pregnated strips A are then fed through "a series
of guides B, B’; etc., from which they emerge in
’ overlapping relation. A- There is also a guide C forv
661 the paper here D. ‘ The strips and core are then
advance of the guide M.
'
' i
45
>
- " The rope formed by the method-abovedescribed
hasahigh degree of. tensile strength because of 50
the multiplicity of longitudinally extends’ cords
in the burlap strips. It is also of a uniform circu
lar'cross section and the surrounding covering im
parts a pleasing ornamental appearance.
'
The turning back-'or-the selvage portion J has
2,132,927‘
‘ m5 advantage that this makes a straight edge
What I claim as my invention is:
lation and externally pressing into a condensed
circular cross section;
and avoids any unevenness in the joint.
,
1. A rope comprising a plurality of strips of
woven fabric cross sectionally spirally wound in
predetermined edge overlapping relation to each
other, and an adhesive impregnating vsaid strips
‘ and binding the same to each other.
‘
2. A rope comprising a plurality of strips of
10 woven fabric cross'sectionally spirally wound in
predetermined edge overlapping relation to' each
other, and a resilient material impregnating said
strips and binding the same to each other‘.
I
3. A rope comprising a plurality of ‘latex im
11. The method .of forming rope comprising
impregnating a plurality of fabric strips with
latex, simultaneously feeding said strips and a UK
?exible core member of circular cross section
through a converging guide to cross sectionally
spirally wind said strips around said core mem
ber in predetermined edge-overlapping relation,
and externally pressing into a condensed circular
cross section concentric with said core.
I
12. The method of forming rope comprising
impregnating a plurality of fabric strips with '
latex, simultaneously feeding said strips and a
pregnated strips of woven fabric cross sectional- ' flexible core member of circular cross section 15
through a converging guide to cross sectionally
1y . spirally ' wound in" predetermined overlapping
spirally'wind said strips around said core mem
'
'
r
4. A rope comprising'a plurality of strips ‘of ,I her in predetermined edge-overlapping relation,
relation to each other.
woven fabric cross sectionally spirally wound in
externally pressing into a condensed circular
20
predetermined edge overlapping relation to each~ cross section concentric with said core,'and feed
20
other, a core memberof circular cross‘section ' ing a cover strip having a selvage at each edge,
‘ around which saidlstrips are wound to hold the one being return-bent to overlap the other to sur
'~ same in substantially concentric relation thereto, round said condensed cross section.
13. A rope having a body portion built 'up of
and a resilient material impregnating said'strips plurality
of circumferentially overlapping longi 25
2.15 and binding the same to each other.
tudinally
extending strips of Twoven fabric im
I 5. Av ropevcomprising a plurality of strips of
'
woven fabric cross sectionally spirally wound in pregnated with adhesive material.
. predetermined edge'overlapping relation to each ’
other, a paper core member of circular cross sec-'
tion around which said strips are wound ‘to hold
the same in substantially concentric relation
thereto, and a resilient materialimpregnating
said strips and binding the, same, to each other.
6. A rope comprising a plurality of strips of
woven. fabriccross sectionally spirally wound in
predetermined edge overlapping, relation, a core
.member of circular cross section around which
said strips are. wound to hold the same in sub
stantially concentric relation thereto, resilient
49
materialimpregnating saidstrips and binding
the same to each other, and a'fabricI outer cover
' ing surrounding said spirally wound strips. '. '
g 7. A rope comprising a plurality of, strips. of _
woven fabric cross sectionally; spirally wound in
45 overlappingrelation, a core memberiof circular
cross section aroundwhich said IstIripsIare. wound
to holdthe same in substantiallyconcentric rela
14.. A ropehaving a body‘ portion built up of
plurality of eircumferentially' overlapping longi
tudinally extending strips of woven fabric im 3,0
pregnated with resilient material.’
15. A rope havingr'a body portion comprising
. a core of circular cross section
and having
‘wrapped thereabout in circumferentially overlap
3.5
' ping relation a plurality of longitudinally extend
ing strips of woven fabric impregnated with ad
hesive material.
'
16; A rope having a body portion comprising
a core of circular cross section and having
wrapped thereabout in circumferentially. over
lapping relation a plurality of longitudinally ex
40
tending strips of woven fabric impregnated with
resilient material.
17. In a rope,‘ a cover therefor comprising a
strip of material of a width sufficient to cover 45.
the rope and, provide substantially abutting edges,
selvage at the" abutting edges, the selvage of one
edge underlying the other edge‘of the cover, and
strips and bindingthe same. to eachother, and a the selvage of the other edge of the cover being
50
fabric. strip .of .a body width. to encircle said rope I folded back to overlie the ?rst selvage.
18. The method of forming rope which com
with the opposite edges abutting and having. a
selvageon one edgeportion for ,underlapping the prises impregnating. a plurality of fabric strips
tion thereto, resilient material impregnating said
with adhesive material, positioning, said strips I
I .I
I ._ I.
I .
‘ .8. ‘A rope comprising a plurality of strips of‘ Vin predetermined edgeroverlapping relation to
wovenv fabric cross sectionally spirally wound, in form a relatively wide strip of material, forming '
opposite edge portion.
55
overlapping ‘relation, a core member of circular
cross section around which said strips. are wound
V to hold the same insubstantially concentric rela-.
.tion thereto, resilient. materialimpregnating said
strips and binding the same to eachother, and a
fabric strip ofa body width to encircle said rope
with the jopposite edges abutting :and having
. selvage vportions at the opposite edges of said body
portion one being return-bent to‘ overlap the
65
other.
»
_
-
II
’
o '9. The method of forming rope comprising ini-k
pregnating a plurality of "fabric strips with an ad
hesive material, cross sectionally spirally winding
said strips in predetermined edge-overlapping re
lation and externally pressing into a condensed
circular
cross
section.
-
'
‘
‘
10. The method of forming rope comprising im
pregnating a plurality of fabric strips with 'a
latex material, cross sectionally spirally winding
75 said strips inIIprIedetermined edge-overlapping re
said strip of material intoa cross-sectional spiral
form,_and externally pressing‘ the same into a
condensed circular cross section.
'
19. The method of forming rope which com
prises impregnating a plurality of fabric strips
with adhesive material, positioning said strips in
predetermined edge-overlapping relation to form
a relatively wide strip of material, forming said
strip of material into a cross-sectional spiral form
abouta core of circular cross section and ex
ternally pressing the same into a condensed cir
cular'cross section.
.I
'
.
.
20. Theomethod of forming rope which com
prises impregnating a plurality of fabric strips
with adhesive material, positioning said strips in 70.
predetermined edge-overlapping relation to form
a relatively wide strip of material, forming said
stripof material into a cross-sectional spiral form
about a core of circular cross section and ex
ternally pressing the same into a condensed cir- 75
2,132,927
cular cross section, and covering the same with
‘a cover strip of substantial thickness ‘adapted
to closely embrace the same in edge-abuttingre
lation.
'
‘
'
21. The method of forming rope comprising
impregnating a plurality of fabric strips with ad
hesive material, positioning said strips in edge
overlapping relation to form a relatively wide
strip of material, said strips overlapping to an ex
10 tent such that the relatively wide strip of ma;
terial contains at least two plies throughout its
3
extent, winding said relatively wide strip of ma
terial about itself and externally pressing the
same into a condensed circular cross section.
22. In a rope, a cover therefor comprising a
strip of material of a width su?icient to cover the
rope in edge-abutting relation, selvage strips at
each of the abutting edges, said selvage'strips
being adhesively united to each other and con
cealed by the cover.
' FRANK A. BEST. ;
1o
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