Патент USA US2132957код для вставки
Oct. 1-1, 1938‘. MAHONE 251 32,957 CARTON Filed Oct. 14, 1957’ 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Jay" I Alana: m Z Z0 ' V 4% Oct.‘ 11, 1938. -r. w. MAH'ONE 2,132,957 CARTON Filed Oct. ~14. 1937 5 . w 27 17 2 Shpptl-Shut 2 Patented Oct. 11, 1938 2,132,957 ‘ UNlTED STATES PATENT‘ OFFICE 2,132,957 CARTON Thomas W. Mahone, Cincinnati, Ohio, anignor to The Central Carton Company, Cincinnati, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application October 14,1937, Serial No. 168,879 5 Claims. This invention pertains to cartons or contain ers formed by folding from blanks or sheets of ?ber-board or other material and, more par ticularly, to a carton peculiarly adapted to hold 5 and retain, for shipment, display and handling, various articles such as soap, bottles and the like which need substantial protection against break age and dis?gurement during transportation and other handling.’ 10 One of the primary objects of the invention, therefore, is to provide a carton of such con struction that the articles it may contain will be secure therein against damage through rough or careless handling. 15 ‘ Another of the primary objects is to provide a carton so constructed and arranged that it will employ a minimum amount of material with a minimum amount of waste and a minimum of‘ labor in its manufacture, and one which may be 20 shipped in unfolded ‘or “knocked-down” condi tion to be folded or “set-up” at its destination or point of use, the construction also being such that the unfolded or “knocked-down” cartons will oc cupy a minimum amount of shipping space for a 25 given quantity of cartons. Still another important object is to provide a carton construction of such character that the part thereof actually vutilized to receive and to hold the particular commodity packaged there v30 in may be made from a single blank or sheet of ?ber-board or other suitable material, an en closing tube or cover, if desired or utilized, being composed from another single blank or sheet of the same or some other material. In this connec 35 tion it should be understood that the part of the carton which is to carry the commodity, as dis tinguished ‘from the covering tube or jacket, may be utilized alone' as a carton or container and without any cover or jacket or with a mere wrap _ 40 ping of “cellophane” or the like. A further object is to provide a novel carton constructed from a single sheet or blank of fiber board or other material and in which the sides and ends are re-enforced and, in e?ect, padded 45 by formation in box-like section to absorb shocks and blows which might otherwise injure the car ton contents. In this connection it is to be noted that the preferred construction is such that the carton when folded into its proper form from 50 the blank, is self-sustaining and self-contained so that it is not dependent upon auxiliary means to hold its various sections in proper shape and relation to one another. I And, among other objects, is provision of a 55 carton in the form of a tray ‘orv similar receptacle (Cl. 229-19) particularly'suitable for the reception and reten tion for display and other purposes of bars. or cakes of soap, the provision of a carton having an article receiving well into which commodities such as cakes or bars of soap whether wrapped or not, may be ?itted snugly and frictionally held therein, and the provision of a neat, compact and easily handled carton. Many other objects as well as the uses and nu merous advantages of the invention should be ap parent and understood after reading the follow ing description and claims and after viewing the ' drawings in which: , Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a preferred form of the invention showing the tray or body part of 15. the carton partially withdrawn from the enclos ing tube or jacket part. Fig. 2 is a perspective view of an end portion of tray or body part with some of the sections fold ed into formed position and other sections in open 20 or unfolded position but ready to be'folded. Fig. 3 is another perspective view of the end portion shown in Fig._ 2 but with the end wall folded into shape except for a broken part the better illustrating the construction and folding 25 sequence. a Fig. 4 is a section through an end wall taken along the section line IV-IV of Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a developed view of the carton tray or body part or, in other words, a plan view of a sheet or blank as cut and scored ready to be folded into shape, and _ Fig. 6 is a small scale view in plan of the blan or sheet from which the tube or jacket part of the carton is to be formed and showing the score 35 lines along which folding is to occur. Referring ?rst to Figs. 1 and 6 it will be noted that the tube or jacket part generally designated A may be formed‘ from a single blank cut in the shape shown in Fig. 6. Dotted lines 1, 8, 9 and 40 I1 indicate score lines or lines along which the folding is to occur and segregate the blank into bottom and top wall sections,’ i2 and I3, respec tively, side wall sections l4 and I5, and a sealing ?ap i6 upon which glue or other adhesive may be placed for securing the same to the inside face of the side wall section l5. As the blank is illustrated with its outside surface toward the observer, the folding will carry the folded sec tions away from the observer. The tube or jacket 50 is made in such dimensions as snubly to receive the tray part with a sliding ?t therein and may extend for the full length of the tray or ter minate beyond or short of the ends thereof as desired. The jacket or tube cover may be shipped 55 2,182,967 in blank form for folding at the place of use or it may be pre-folded at the place of manufacture and then folded down ?at at'diagonally opposite corners'and shipped in that condition. The tray (or body part generally designated B . in Fig. 1, is formed by folding from a blank such as that illustrated in Fig. 5,. The blank com prises a bottom wall section l1, 2. top wall sec 33, 34, 35 and 36 are all folded in the same direc tion into the shape best illustrated in Fig. 4 and moved into the pre-fermed ends of the tube. The tab ?aps 52 are then folded in against the outer faces of segments 33 and, thereafter, the end cover flaps 38 are folded thereover and the tabs 45 are inserted or tucked through the slits 31 as best illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4. This coin tion l8, side wall sections l9 and 2|, and a side pletes each end ‘except for the flap segments 48' wall sealing ?ap 22 upon one face of which an which may be bent down as illustrated in Figs. adhesive may be applied for securing the flap to 2 and ‘i. the inside face ‘or surface of side wall section 2|. The sections and ?ap mentioned are segregated by score or folding lines 23, 24, 25 and are ink tended to be folded away from‘ the observer The box-section side walls are formed from the segments or parts 41 and 5| of the top wall (viewing Fig. 5) into shape. The bottom, top and side wall sections are gen erally rectangular in shape and the ends of each are provided with integral portions to be utilized, 20 in constructing the end walls and in securing the ends in closed position. As previously indicated the carton isprcvided with box=section side and end walls for protection of the contents and to this end each longitudinal end of the bottom 25" wall section I‘! has a projecting portion generally designated 21 adapted to form the end walls and is divided by score lines 28, 29, 3| and 32 into segments or parts 33, 34, 35 and 36 the purpose and use of which will later appear, and, along 30 the score line 23, has pre-formed slits 31 which ' receive fastening tabs as will also appear herein= after.v Segments or parts 34, 35 and ,36 are slightly reduced in their lengths at each end tc provide clearance from adjacent parts as will be 35 understood as the description unfolds. The top wali section |8 has a projecting end wall cover ?ap or portion 38 at each end segre gated irom the body ofthe top section by a score‘ line 39 and each portion 38 carries a pair of tabs 45) 40 segregated by score lines 4| and adapted to be tucked. or inserted through the slits 31 when the blank has'been folded. Extending‘ for a substan tial distance along the longitudinal center line or axis of symmetry of the top section and of a slight 45 width is a pre=formed slot 42 which at each of its , opposite ends is flared or widened outinto trian gular shape as shown at 43 with the bases of the triangles parallel to the score lines. 39. The sides of the triangle lie‘ along lines substantially bisect ing the adjacent corners of the top section, in the embodiment shown, and slits 44 extend from the , slots 43 outwardly along said bisecting lines for a substantial distance. The slots 42, 43 and the slits 44 together with longitudinal score lines 45 55 and transverse score lines 46, de?ne segments or parts 41 and 48, the former of which, in turn, are divided by score lines 49 to provide parts 5|. ' ri‘he functions and purposes of these parts will ap pear later. Each side wall section, l9 and 2|, 60 has a tab ?ap 52 at each end segregated from its section by a score line 53. The dimensions of the various sections and parts are so proportioned and chosen as to prcvide the correspondence and registration thereof necessary to ‘compose the 65 completed carton as . illustrated but, of course, these details will be apparent to those skilled in the art. ' - In folding the blank to form the carton it may ' be preferable to .execute the first folding along 70 score lines 23, 24, 25 and '26 to form a tube, the adhesive on ?ap 22 securing this ?ap and side wall 2| together. Thereafter it is relatively immaterial whether the box-section end walls or the box-section side walls next be formed. If 75. the end walls be chosen, the segments, or parts ' l8, these segments being folded in the same direc tion along score lines 45 and 49 to the positions shown in ‘Fig. 2. It will be observed that the car _-ton thus constructed provides a well in the top of _ the tray part into which articles such as cakes of soap may be disposed fordisplay or other pur poses, the slight tendency of the box-section side 20 walls and of the flap segments 48 to return to their original positions with respect to the top, ‘serving to an extent to exert sufficient frictional e?ect upon the articles contained in the well as to secure ‘the articles relatively ?rmly therein. 25 Of course, the dimensions of the carton will be so chosen as to provide a snug or other proper ?t for the articles to be received therein. The carton is not only strong and secure and able to protect its contents but is attractive in 30' appearance and simple to construct as well as economical and relatively inexpensive. It will be observed that the segments 54 and 55 included between score lines 25-45 and 39-46, respec tively, provide marginal framing about the well 35 in the top section which lends attractiveness as well as utilityr to the construction. The widths of segments 55, preferably are the same as the widths of segments 34 and 36 while the widths of segments 33 and 35 are equal and adapted to 40 bring segment 34 snugly beneath and into sup porting contact with the bottom faces'of seg ments 55. Likewise segments 5| and 54 are sub stantially equal, preferably, with one another in width so that segments 41 will stand perpendicu 45 lar to the bottom wall I‘! and parallel tn the segments I9 and 2|. While I have illustrated and described a pre ferred embodiment of the invention, it will be appreciated and understood that’ variations and 50 modi?cations may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention and the scope of the app-ended claims. I claim: . i. A carton comprising, a generally rectangular O! Gil outer inclosing tube part and a generally rec tangular inner enclosed tray part, said tray part being formed by folding from a single sheet of material and including imperforate bottom and side walls, a centrally open top wall, and end 60 walls, the sheet being folded to lap along one side wall, the opening the top wall being completely bounded by a marginal, unbroken border portion extending in substantially parallel relation to the bottom wall and forming asubstantially rectan 65 gular framing about the opening, the opposed edges of each one of opposite side parts of said border framing having an integral portion bent downwardly toward and substantially into con tact with said bottom wall and thence bent and 70 extending a substantial distance toward the ad jacent side wall, the ‘opposed edges of each of the end parts of ‘said border framing having an in tegral part bent downwardly substantially to said ‘eottom, wall, each end wall being formed from a 75 . 3 amass? piece integral with the bottom wall and folded along score lines into a box-section ?tting be neath and against the bottom of the adjacent of said end parts of the border framing and being $1 substantially coextensive therewith in length and width, tabs integral with each of the opposite ends posed edges of each of the end parts of said border framing having an integral part bent downwardly substantially to said bottom wall, each end wall being formed from a piece integral with the bot tom wall and folded along lines into a box-sec tion ?tting beneath and substantially against the of each of the side walls and folded over and bottom of the adjacent 'of said end parts of the . - against the end walls, and an end cover ?ap in-_ border framing and being substantially coexten tegral with'each end of the top wall and bent therewith in length and width, and an end lo downwardly to cover each end wall, each end sive cover flap integral with each end of the top wall cover ?ap having at least one tab tucked through and bent downwardly to cover each end wall, 10 a slit in the end wall. , each end cover ?ap having at least one tab tucked 2. A carton comprising, a generally rectangular through a slit in the end wall. 15 outer inclosing tube part and a generally rectan— 4. A carton comprising, a generally rectangular gular inner enclosed tray part, said tray part be outer inclosing tube part and a ‘generally rectan 15 ing formed by folding from a single sheet of ma-, gular inner enclosed tray part, said trap part be terial and including imperforate bottom and side ing formed by folding from a single sheet of ma walls, a centrally open top wall, and end walls, terial and including imperfor-ate bottom and side the sheet being folded to lap along one side wall, a centrally open top wall, and end walls, the opening in the top wall being completely walls, the opening in the top wall being completely 20 bounded by a marginal, unbroken border portion bounded by a border portion extending in sub extending in substantially parallel relation to the ‘ stantially parallel relation to the bottom wall bottom wall and forming a substantially rectan and forming a substantially rectangular framing gular framing about the opening, the opposed about the opening, the opposed edges of each one edges of each one of opposite side parts of said border framing having an integral portion bent downwardly toward and substantially into con tact with said bottom wall and thence bent and extending a substantial distance toward the adja 30 cent side wall, each end wall being formed from, a piece integral with the bottom ‘wall and folded along score lines into a box section ?tting be-, neath and against the bottom of the adjacent of said end parts of the border framing and be ing substantially coextensive therewith in length and width, tabs integral with each of the oppo of opposite side parts of said border framing hav 25 ing an integral portion bent downwardly toward and substantially into contact with said bottom wall and thence bent and extending a substantial distance toward the adjacent side wall, each end wall being formed from a piece integral with the 30 bottom wall and folded along lines into a box section ?tting beneath and substantially against the bottom of the adjacent of said end parts of the border framing and being substantially co extensive therewith in length and width, and an 86 end cover flap integral with each end of one wall ‘ site ends of each of the side walls and folded over ‘ and bent to cover each end wall, ‘each end cover and against the end walls, and an end cover ?ap integral with each end of the top wall and bent .40 downwardly to cover each end wall, each end cover ?ap having at least one tab tucked through a slit in the end wall. 3. A carton comprising, a generally rectangular outer inclosing tube part and a generally rectan gular inner enclosed tray part, said tray part be ing formed _by folding from a single sheet of ma terial and including imperforate bottom and side walls, a centrally open top wall, and end walls, the opening in the top wall being completely ‘bounded by a border portion extending in sub-_ _ stantially parallel relation to the bottom wall and forming a substantially rectangular framing about the opening, the opposed edges of each one _ of opposite side parts of said border framing hav 55 ing an integral portion bent downwardly toward and substantially into contact'with said bottom wall and'thence bent and extending a substantial distance toward the adjacent side wall, the op flap having at least one tab tucked into the carton at the adjacent end thereof. 5. A carton comprising, a one piece sheet of 40 material such as ?ber board and the like folded to provide a rectangular receptacle having boxsection side and end walls, and wall cover ?aps extending over the outer faces of the end walls, a substantially closed bottom wall, and a top wall ‘having a generally rectangular opening de ?ned by integrally connected and unbroken mar-, ginal edges thereabout, said marginal edges at the sides having downwardly and thence outwardly bent portions forming parts of the said box-sec tion side walls, the bottom wall at the carton ends having projecting portions folded into and form ing the box-section end walls, and one of said end cover ?aps projecting from each of said mar ginal edges at the ends of the latter and folded 55 down and secured against the outer face of the adjacent box-section end wall. _ THOMAS W. MAHONE.