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Патент USA US2133054

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Oct. 11, 1938.
H, s, KaFALK
" 2,133,054
FiledMay 3, 1937
3 , 1 F1‘ .4
79 7.4.71‘?
v BY ~ Hen/f6.‘ lfafa/k
Patented Oct. 11, 1938 x
Henry S. Kofalk, Darien, Conn, assignor to Star
Service Hanger Company, Detroit, Mich, a cor
poration of Michigan
Application May 3, 1937, Serial No..14'o,4a2
(Cl. 223-88)
The purpose of this invention is to. provide a of the wire, with two strands of the wire ex
garment or coat hanger which embodies the com I tending throughout the hook portion.
bination of both the wood and wire hangers, and
A further object is to provide a garment hanger
also in which the hook is‘ materially'strength
in which. the upper portion is formed of the
central part of a strand of wire, with the ends
The invention is a hanger of the type normally adapted to be inserted in openings in a bar to
referred to as a coat hanger, formed 'of a single form the straight lower portion.
strand of wire bent about midway. of its length
And a still further object is to provide a coat
to form a hook, and withthe ends extending ‘hanger of the wire type having a stiffened and
thickened straight bar forming the lower part
10 outward, sloping downward and bent inward, ex
tending into the‘ends of a straight rigid bar of thereof, which is of a simple andeconomical con
wood or other material.
Many devices have been provided for increasing
With these ends in view thev invention embodies
the width of the straight bar of a wire or metal
15 coat hanger, and these have been provided in the
a combination wire and woodcoat or garment
hanger, with the straight bar suspended be 15
tween the ends of a strand of wire forming the
upon the hanger, however, this requires two upper portion, and with the hook of the upper
independent articles, both being manufactured at > portion formed of a double strand.
different points, and supplied independently to ‘
Other features and advantages of the inven
20 the user; and wood coat hangers, which have a tion will appear from the following description
straight bar of substantial width, are relatively taken in connection with the drawing, wherein:
Figure _1 is a view showing an elevation of the
highin cost, so that their use for the trade is
prohibitive; and, therefore, it is desirable to pro
vide an inexpensive garment hanger of the wire
Figure 2 is a view looking toward the open side
25 or metal type with the straight bar of substantial of a hook with the lower portion of the hanger 25
form of covers or attachments that are mounted
width similar to that of the wood hanger. - It will broken away.
also be noted that the inexpensive wire hanger is , Figure 3 is a cross section through one end of
formed with a hook of a single strand of wire, and the straight bar of the‘ hanger.
this is necessary because itwould be impracticable
30 to stop two ends of a wire at the extreme end of
Figure 4 is‘ a similar section showing an alter
nate design, in which the bar is made round.
the hook, whereas, by forming the hook in the I Figure 5 is a similar section showing another
center of the wire strandit is possible to double alternate design in which the bar is formed of
the strength thereof by. using two strands of wire sheet material. .
Figure 6 is a view similar to that shown in
to form the hook, and this eliminates the neces
35‘ sity of using two hangers as are normally used for Figure ,1 showing an alternate design in which 35
heavy garments, such as overcoats and the like, loops are provided in the sides of the hanger.
In the drawing the hanger is shown as it may
the weight of which bends or straightens out the
be made, wherein numeral l indicates the hook,
The object of the invention is, therefore, to im numeral 2 the straight bar, and numerals 3 and 4
40 prove the common wire hanger by bending the
wire so that it is possible to provide a double strand
hook at the center, and also so that it is possible
to use a straight bar of wood or other material
the side bars.
The hanger is preferably made of a single
strand of wire bent about midway of its length,
or at the point 5 which forms a point of the hook
VI, and the two sides of the strand extend around
the hook and are twisted at the point 6, with each
suspended between the ends of the wire.
Another object is to provide a garment hanger
end extending outward forming the upper sloping
in which the straight bar may be made of con
siderable thickness without materially increasing side bars 3 and 4, and the ends ‘I and 8 of these
bars are bent inward as indicated by the dotted
the cost of manufacture thereof.
Another object is to provide a garment hanger ‘lines in Figure 1. In this design the bar 2 is
50 of the wire type, in which the straight bar will formed of a wood strip, shaped as shown in Figure
3, with the ends provided with recesses 9 and Ill
not bend.
Another object is to provide a garment hanger into which the ends ‘I and 8 of the wire may be
in which the upper portion may be made of wire, inserted, providing means holding the bar 2 in
and the lower portion wood, and in which the the side members 3 and 4 of the hanger. It will
55 parts are so arrangedthat a hook may be formed be understood, however, that the ends of the bar
2 may be attached to or held by the ends of the
wire in any manner or by any means.
In this
design the wire is formed as shown, the bar 2 is
also shaped and formed, and in assembling the
.ends of the wire are inserted in the ends of the
bar, thereby facilitating assembling of the parts,
and reducing the manufacturing cost ‘to a mini
mum. The hanger shown in Figure 1 is shown
with bends II and I2 in'the'uppe'r parts of the
10 side bars, however, it will be understood that'
, these bends may be eliminated, and it will also be
understood that the side bars may be of the type
described, and the upper portions may be made
of wire or any suitable similar material, with
the bar of wood or any other material, and these
may be used by placing the trousers on the
straight bar, and the coat or other garment upon
the sloping bars, and it will be noted that with
trousers or other garments held on the straight
bar, it will not sag or bend, and, as the bar has
substantial width, creases will not be formed
across the legs thereof, or marks will not be 10
made across the legs or material; and with the
hook formed in this manner it will not be neces
shown in Figure 6, in which the bars I3 and M
sary to use two hangers for heavy garments,
are formed with loops l5 and I6, and with the
such as overcoats and the like.
15 bars formed of spring material these loops are
adapted to form spring clips under which the
Forming the
hook'in ‘this'manner also eliminates the objec
tional free, or raw, end of wire normally posi
edges of a garment may be inserted to holdthe tioned at the upper end of the twist, and upon
garment on the sides of the hanger. These loops which many garments catch, and dresses in par
may be provided at any point or points, and may " ,ticular are often torn. ,
20 be of ‘ any suitable shape or design, and it will
also be understood that the sides of the hanger
may be of any design and arranged in any
It will also be understood that the straight bar
25 forming the lower side of the hanger may be
shaped as shown in Figure 3, or a round bar H,
as shown in Figure 4, may be used, and the ends
of this bar may be provided with recesses l8.
The ends 1 and 8 of the wire may be inserted;
30 or the 'bar may be made of Celluloid, paper, or
any'suitable material, as shown in Figure 5, in
which it is indicated by the numeral l9, and this
’may be suspended on the ends 20 of the bar with
the ends bent upward as shown, or formed in any
35 manner.
This provides a hollow bar, and it will
be understood that it may be of any shape or
design. It will also be understood that the ends
of the bar may be curved as shown in‘Figure 1,
Having thus fully described the invention, what 20
I'claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters
Patent, is:
A garment hanger of the type having a hook ‘
formed of a double strand of wire, with a rigid,
straight, horizontal bar; comprising a single 25
length of wire bent midway of its length, with
the intermediate parts thereof in parallel rela
tion, shaped to form a hook, and twisted to form '
a vertical member extending downward from said
hook, and with the‘individual strands bent out 30
ward from the lower end of the twist, then hori
zontal'ly for a short distance, and thenlsloped
downwardly to points substantially correspond
ing with the ends of an independent straight
member that may be mounted between the open 35
ends of said downwardly sloping members, and
with the ends of both strands bent inwardly form- I
ing horizontal pins adapted to be forced into the
or straight as shown in Figure 6, and it will also ends of the said horizontal member, and said hori
be understood that the bar may be of any shape zontal member being made of wood and of a 40
in cross section or elevation, and of any design. substantially oval shape in cross section with
"It w?l be understood that other changes may the upper side of greater thickness than the
be made in the construction without departing lower, providing a relatively thin lower vedge, and
from'the spirit of the invention. One of which with holes in the ends into which the said hori
45 changes may be in the use of a straight, rigid bar
zontal ends of the two wire strands are placed
of this type in combination witlfa coat or gar-‘ ' to support the said horizontal member; said de 45
ment hanger-of any type or design, another may be ‘vice characterized in that the said horizontal
in the use of this type of bar with a hook of any ends of the individual strands ?t snugly in the
other type or design, and still another may be in openings in the ends of the horizontal member,
the use of the hook shown in the drawing with and also in thatthe holes are positioned adjacent
_ a coat hanger having a straight bar of any other the upper end of said horizontal member causing 50
type or design.
said member to hang with the longer, thinner
The construction will be readily understood
from the foregoing description. In use coat and
55 garment hangers may be provided as shown and
edge extending downward.
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