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Патент USA US2133217

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Oct. 11, 1938.
s, A. THORNTON
2,133,217
WINDROWING MACHINE
Filed Jan. 3l, 1938
4 Sheets-Sheet.. 1 y
Oct. 11, 1938.
s. A. THORNTON
2,133,217
WINDROWING MACHINE
Filed Jan. 5l, 1938
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
0.”„INVENT0R
ATTORNEYS
Oct. l1, 1938.
.
sl A_ THORNTON
2,133,217
wINDROwING MACHINE
Filed Jan. 5l, 1938
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
ATTO RNEYS
Oct. l1, 1938'.
2,133,217
s. A. THORNTON
WINDROWING MACHINE
Filed Jan. 31, 1938
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
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ATTORNEYS
2,133,211
Patented Oct. 11, 1938
UNITED STATES
lPATENT o'FFlcE -
2,133,217
wmnnownvc MACHINE
Samuel A. Thornton, Jeanerette, La.
Application January s1, 193s, serial' No. isms“
ßclalms. (c1. sis-15')
~The invention relates to a wind-rowing ma
chine and more especially to sugar cane wind
Figure 4 is an exploded sectional view taken on
the line 4-4 of Figure 2 locking in the direction
rowing machines.
of the arrows.
.
The primary object of the invention is the pro- ’
5 vision of a machine of this character, wherein
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Figure 5 is an exploded sectional view taken on
the line B-l of Figurev 4 loohng in the direction 6 - ,
the same is of tractor type and serves to cut a
pair of adjacent rows of cane close to or near the
of the arrows.
ground and deposit the latter in a wind-row area
between the rows and in this fashion stacking the
spending parts throughout lthe several views in
10 cut material into a -form known as a wind-row,
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the drawings.
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Referring to the drawings in detail; the ma 10
kthe cutters and adjuncts thereof aswell as the
chine constituting the._present -invention com
kickers-for the cut material being susceptible of
prises a chassis A involving rearwardly conver
gent upper and lower side sills I3 and I I, respec
adjustment.
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Another object of the invention is the provi
*5 sion of a machine of this character, wherein the
same receives its power from a tractor and the
knives or cutters and kickers are driven by such
power so that wind-rowing of standing crops can
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,Similar reference characters indicate corre- '
tively, which are joined forwardly with uprights
I2, while rearwardly the said sills are 'joined with
a rear axle I3 supporting turndknuckle wheel
spindles I4 on which are journaled rear steering
wheels I5, the knuckles I6 being pivoted to a
cross tie rod Il so that the knuckles will turn in
unison and steering of the wheels I5 may be had 20
in any conventional manner similar to standard
be carried forth with dispatch and automatically
0 thereby eliminating the hand cutting and wind
rowing of the crop particularly sugar cane, which
tractors.~ The uprights ‘have bracketed thereto
is tedious and costly through hand work.
an axle housing I8 incasing a differential mecha- '
A further object of -the invention is the provi
sion of a machine of this character, wherein the nisin (not shown) for a pair of driving axles I9
25 construction thereof is novel in its entirety as the
cutters and revolving kickers are mounted so that
as ñtted within the said axle housing I8, the
differential mechanism being -driven from a
the machine when traveling through a field will
straddle adjacent rows of growing crops and will
cut the cane for the positive deposit thereof in a
tion engine 20 having its bed 2| supported within
the chassis A, the transmission control for the
30 wind-row between the rows straddled without lia
bility of tangling or irregular deposit of the ._stalks
after the cutting thereof.
A still further object of the invention is the
provision of a machine of this character, wherein
35 the same is under the control of an operator and
is power driven.
‘
A still further object of the invention is the pro
vision of a machine of this character, which is
simple in construction, thoroughly reliable and
40 eiilcient in operation, readily and easily adjusted
for proper wind-rowing action, strong, durabl
and inexpensive to manufacture.
->
Witlr these and other objects in view, the in
vention consists in the features of construction,
45 combination and arrangement of parts as will
be hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in
the accompanying drawings, which disclose the
preferred embodiment of the invention and
pointed out in the claims hereunto appended.
power shaft (not shown) of an internal combus
motor 20 being indicated at 22 while the steering 30
_mechanism is identiñed generally at 23.
At the required elevation and built with the
uprights I2 at opposite sides thereof are cross sills'
or channeled beams 24 having fitted at their out
ker ends depending hangers 2l invwhich are jour 35
naled the axles 26 carrying front traction wheels'
21, these through gearing 28 and 29, respectively, .
are driven by the axles I9.
Extending forwardly from the uprights I2 and
the hangers 25 are vertically swinging, forwardly 40
convergent outer and inner straight upper and
lower supporting arms 30 and 3l, respectively,
the upper arms 30 and 3| being arbored at their
rear ends for pivotal mounting upon a driven
shaft 32 journaled in bearings.” flxed to the up
rights I2 and the hangers 2l. This shaft 32 is
horizontally arranged while the lower arms 30
and 3| at their rear ends are pivoted at 34 to the
said uprights and hangers. The outer or forward ,
In the accompanying drawings:
ends of the upper and lower arms 30 and 3| are
Figure 1 is a top plan view of a machine con
pivoted to'shaft colums 35 whichare arranged in
an upright position and are spaced from each
structed in accordance with the invention.
Figure 2 is a side elevation partly in' section , other while journaled within each column is a
thereof.
cutter driving shaft 36 to which is fixed at the
Figure 3 is a front elevation.
lower end of said columns 'a rotary disk-like cut- 65
aisaaiz '
ter 91.
98 througli'gearing connec-A before mentioned are susceptible of hand adjust- i
-‘ tionsv 98 at its upper end and chain and sprocket
ment, by an operator of the machine.
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'I'he arm 4I through brackets 59 suspend there
connections 99 is driven from the shaft 22, which
latter from a power take-off 4l is operated from from a plate-like guard 99 which is arranged per-_
the motor 2l so that in this manner power is 'pendicularand disposedin this position at .the
transmitted to the cutters from the said motor --longitudinalmedian of the chassisfA of the ma
chine in rear of the bow 49 and functions to
for the operation of such cutters.
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Extending from the columns 35 _inwardly with
respect thereto are bearing brackets 4i in which
are journaled the arbors 42 of rotary ñuted‘
kickers 4l, these being slightly elevated with re
spect to the cutters 91 which are dipped or slight
ly inclined in a forward direction and are adapted
to work close to a hill 44 on the straddling of the
machine of a’pair-of adjacent rows for the cut
ting of said adjacent rows of growing cane while
such cutters Il' are separated from each other and
similarly‘the rotary kickers 49 to afford a clear
ance therebetween and confronting a wind-row
ing area 45 medially with relation to the rowior
hills 44 adjacent each other.
'I'he arbors 42 each through gearing _49 and
sprocket gear and chain connections 4l, .respec
avoid the tangìling or irregular wind-rowing of
the cut crop¢when deposited in the wind-row
area 45 between the rows 44 when the machine
is advanced for wind-rowing activity or operation.
'I'he rails 59 serve to gather and direct the
standing cane stalks into the path of the cutters
21 which sever these stalks close to the ground
while the kickers 49 simultaneously function to 15
deliver the cut stalks and the wind-rowing of the
same into the area 45 between the hills or rows 44
as the machine is advanced.
What is claimed is:
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1. A machine of the kind described comprising
a chassis, steering wheels supported rearwardly
of said chassis, driving wheels forwardly of said
tively, are driven from the axles 29 carrying the
wheels 21.
chassis, an axle housing between said driving
wheels, uprights on said chassis and supporting
said housing, a power unit carried in the chassis,
Arranged at the longitudinal median of the
axles within said housing andhaving differential
chassis A for lvertical swinging movement and ex
tended forwardly and downwardly between the
gearing connections with the power unit, stud
axles carrying said driving wheels, gear connec
path of the rotary cutters 91 is a. carrier arm 49 tions Íbetween the axles, rotatable cutters verti
30 supporting a wind-rowing bow 49 which in its. cally- adjustable forwardly of the chassis and oper
framing is of substantially heart shape with the
smaller end directed outwardly and provided with
a shoe 50, the arm being' of an extensible type
for the adjustment of the bow 49 and is swingable
35 vertically on a pivot rod 5I suitably supported at
52 on the forward sill or beam 24 intermediate
thereof. This pivot rod 5i has swingably con
nected therewith at opposite sides of the arm 48
forwardly and downwardly extended laterally
40 spread lifter rails 59, these> provided at their
outer ends with shoes 54 while associated with
said rails 53 are’upwardly curved antennae `55
which extend from the forward ends of said’
rails rearwardly and play through guide eyes` 56
45 formed at the outer ends of ’ laterally extended
stationary supports 51 fixed to opposite ends of
the forward cross sill 24. The _arm 4l carries a
tie rod 59 coupling it with the lifter rails 53 and
being disposed crosswise with relation to said arm.,
50
Suitably journaded between the uprights I2
above the chassis A is awinding and unwinding
shaft or windlass 59 for lifter chains 60, these
being connected. to the tie rod 5_91, being three in
number, one for the arm 48 and two for the several
55 lifter rails 53 >and this shaft or windlass 59 is
manually turned by a hand wheel 6I, which has
worm screw and gear connection 52 with the said
ating on vertical axis, vertically swinging lifter
arms outwardly with respect to` said cutters and
forwardly of said chassis, rotatable kickers asso- ' A
ciated with said cutters and located inwardly with
respect thereto, antennae associated _with the lift 85
arms, and a wind-row bow arranged medially
. with respect to the arms forwardly of said chassis.
2. A machine of the kind described comprising
a chassis, steering wheels supported rearwardly of
said chassis, driving wheels forwardly of said
chassis, an axle housing between said vdriving
wheels, uprights on said chassis and supporting
said housing, a power unit carried in the chassis,
axles within said housing and having diiferential
gearing connections with the` power unit, stud 45
axles carrying said driving wheels, gear connec
tions between the axles, rotatable cutters ver
tically adjustable forwardly of the chassis and
operating on vertical axis, vertically swinging
lifter arms outwardly with respect to said cut 50
ters and forwardly of said chassis; rotatable kick
ers associated with said cutters and located in
wardly with respect thereto, antennae associated ,
`with the lift arms, a wind-row bow` arranged me
dially with respect to the arms forwardly of said 55
chassis, and a vertical fender associated with
said bow and being. rearwardly-thereof between
shaft or windlass 59. 'I'he uprights are supple
the kickers.
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mented by stand frames i3 rising from the sills ` 3. A machine of the kind described _comprising
24 and suitably built therewith.
r a. chassis, steering wheels supported rearwardly
Associated with the columns 25 are lifting cables of said chassis, driving wheels forwardly of said
64 adapted to be wound on> and unwound from
windlasses 65 journaled in the stand frames 63
and through gearing Si operated by hand wheels
55 6l are turned or actuated for the winding and
unwinding. of the cables 64 on and frorr‘ the
same and in this manner the cutters 31 together
V with the kickers 49 are raised and lowered rela-
tive to working position for the cutting and Wind
70 rowing of growing crops such as sugar cane.
The chains 65. in association with the shaft or
windlass 59 raise and lower in unison the wind
chassis, an axle housing between said' driving
wheels, uprights on said chassis and supporting
said housing, a power unit carried in the chassis.
axles within said housing and having differential 65
'gearing connections with the power unit, stud
axles carrying said driving wheels, gear connec
’ tions between the axles, rotatable cutters ver
tically adjustable forwardly of the chassis and
operating on vertical axis, vertically swinging 70
lifter arms outwardly with respect to said cutters
and forwardly of said chassis, rotatable kickers
associated with said cutters and located inwardly
rowing bow frame 49 and the rails 53“, respec
tively. Thus it can be readily seen that`the cut
-with respect thereto, antennae associated with
ters, kickers, wind-rowing bow and rails herein
the lift arms, a wind-row bow arranged medially 75
2,133,217
with respect to the arms forwardly of said chassis,
a vertical fender associated with said bow and
being rearwardly thereof between the kickers,
and a power take-off from said power unit for
driving the cutters and kickers.
4. A machine of the kind described comprising
a chassis, steering wheels supported rearwardly
of said chassis, driving wheels forwardly of said
chassis, an axle housing between said driving
10 wheels, uprights on said chassis and supporting
said housing, a power unit carried in the chassis,
axles within said housing and having differential
gearing connections with the power unit, stud
axles carrying said driving wheels, gear connec
15 tions between the axles, rotatable cutters verti
cally adjustable forwardly `of the chassis and op
erating on Vertical axis, vertically swinging lifter
arms outwardly with respect to said cutters and
forwardly of said chassis, rotatable kickers asso
20 ciated with said cutters and located inwardly
with respect thereto, antennae associated with
the lift arms, a wind-row bow arranged medially
with respect to the arms forwardly of said chas
sis, a vertical fender associated With said bow
25 and being rearwardly thereof between the kick
ers, a power take-off from said power unit for
driving the cutters and kickers, and means for
raising and lowering the lift arms.
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5. A machine of the kind described comprising
30 a chassis, steering wheels supported rearwardly
of said chassis, driving wheels forwardly of said
chassis, an axle housing between said driving
wheels, uprights on said chassis and supporting
said housing, a power unit carried in the chassis,
35 axles within said housing and having differential
gearing connections with the power unit, stud ax
les carrying said driving wheels, gear connections
between the axles, rotatable cutters vertically
adjustable forwardly of the chassis and operat
40 ing on vertical axis, vertically swinging lifter
arms outwardly with respect to said cutters and
forwardly of said chassis, rotatable kickers asso
ciated with said cutters and located inwardly
with respect thereto, antennae associated with
45 the lift arms, a wind-row bow arranged medially
with respect to the arms forwardly of said chas
sis, a vertical fender associated with said bow
and being rearwardly thereof between the kickers,
a power take-olf from said power unit for driv
50 ing the cutters and kickers, means for raising
and lowering the lift arms, and means for rais
ing and lowering the cutters and kickers to
gether.
6. A machine of the kind described comprising
55 a chassis, steering wheels supported rearwardly
of said chassis, driving wheels forwardly of said
chassis, an axle housing between said driving
wheels, uprights on said chassis and supporting
said housing, a power unit carried in the chas
60 sis, axles within said housing and having differ
ential gearing connections with the power unit,
stud axles carrying said driving wheels, gear con
nections between the axles, rotatable cutters ver
tically adjustable forwardly of the chassis and op
3
sociated with said cutters and located inwardly
with respect thereto, antennae associated with ’
the lift arms, a wind-row bow arranged medially
with respect to the arms forwardly of said chas
sis, a vertical fender associated with said bow and
being rearwardly thereof between the kickers, a
power take-off from said power unit for driving
the cutters and kickers, means for raising and
lowering the lift arms, and means for raising and
lowering simultaneously the cutters, kickers and 10
wind-row bow.
7. A machine of the kind described comprising
a chassis, steering wheels supported rearwardly
of said chassis, driving wheels forwardly of said
chassis, an axle housing between said driving
wheels, uprights on said chassis and supporting
said housing, a power unit carried in the chassis,
axles within said housing and having differential
gearing connections with the power unit, stud
axles-carrying said driving wheels, gear connec
tions between the axles, rotatable cutters verti
cally adjustable forwardly of the chassis and op
erating on vertical axis, vertically swinging lifter
arms outwardly with respect to said cutters and
forwardly of said chassis, rotatable kickers asso
ciated with said cutters and located inwardly
with respect thereto, antennae associated with
the lift arms, a wind-row bow arranged medially
with respect to the arms forwardly of said chas
sis, a vertical fender associated with said bow
and being rearwardly thereof between the kick
ers, a power take-oif from said power unit for
driving the cutters and kickers, means for rais
ing and lowering the lift arms, means for rais
ing and lowering simultaneously the cutters,
kickers and wind-row bow, and means manually
controlling the raising and lowering means for
the lift> arms and the cutters, kickers and bow.
8. A machine of the kind described compris
ing a chassis, steering wheels supported rear
wardly of said chassis, driving wheels forwardly
of .said chassis, an axle housing between said driv
ing wheels, uprights on said chassis and support
ing said housing, a power unit carried in the chas
sis, axles within said housing and having differ 45
ential gearing connections with the power unit,
stud axles carrying said driving wheels, gear con
nections between the axles, rotatable cutters ver
tically adjustable forwardly of the chassis and
operating on vertical axis, vertically swinging
lifter arms outwardly with respect to said cutters
>and forwardly of said chassis, rotatable kickers
associated with said cutters and located inwardly
with respect thereto, antennae associated with
the lift arms, awind-row bow arranged medially
with respect to the arms forwardly of said chas
sis, a vertical fender associated with said bow
and being rearwardly thereof between the kick
ers,.a power take-off from said power unit for
driving the cutters and kickers, means for rais
ing and lowering the lift arms, means for rais
ing and lowering simultaneously the~ cutters,
kickers and wind-row bow, means manually con
erating on'vertical axis, vertically swinging lifter
trolling the raising and lowering means for the
lift arms and the cutters, kickers and bow, and
arms outwardly with respect to said cutters and
forwardly of said chassis, rotatable kickers as
shoes associated with said lift arms and bow.
SAMUEL A. THORNTON.
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