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Патент USA US2133352

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Üct. 18, 1938.
l
C. ¿_ JANNINGS
_
SHOE
Filed NOV. 29, 1937
gym/M
2,133,352
Patented Oct. 18, 1938
2,133,352
UNITED STATES PATENT QFFi-CE
2,133,352
SHOE
Charles J. Jannings, Union, M0.
Application November 29, 1937, Serial No. 176,971
6 Claims.
This invention relates to improvements in
shoes, one of the objects being to reinforce a
shoe structure at the junction of the heel and
outer sole.
CI
A further object is to provide a Very
simple and inexpensive reinforcing device that
can be easily and quickly positioned in the shoe
structure, and which cooperates with other ele
ments of the shoe to resist the stresses tending
to separate the heel from the soles. More spe
l ì ciflcally stated, an object is to accomplish these
results through the medium of a stiff brace or
support firmly interlocked with the heel, and
extending from the breast of the heel to pro
vide a firm seat for the shank portion of the
if» outer sole.
(Cl. 36-24.5)
the line 6--6 in Fig. 4, with the outer sole added
to the structure.
The shoe comprises a heel 'I which may be
made of wood, the invention being especially
adapted for women’s shoes having high heels,
which are frequently made of wood. However,
the heel may be made of any other suitable ma
terial. The inner sole 8 may be attached to
the heel in the usual manner by means oi a
screw 9 and nails lil. An ordinary steel shank 10
piece Il may be located between the inner sole
3 and the outer sole i2. The upper i3 is attached
to the inner and outer soles in any suitable
manner.
In one form of the invention, this shank brace
is a simple piece of sheet metal, or other stiiï
In making a shoe it is customary to attach both
soles to the upper I3, and then attach the heel
to soles. However, the rear portion of the outer
sheet material, having a concealed portion inter
locked with the heel and outer sole, and an
sole is usually seated upon the top of the heel.
In -the new structure, the heel is provided with a
no extended portion exposed below the outer sole.
lip I4 extending from the top of a recess I5 (Fig.
2), and the rear margin of the outer sole I2 is
seated in this recess, where it lies immediately
below the lip I4, as shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 6.
The interlocking elements firmly unite the heel
pi,
with the brace and the outer sole, at the same
time providing a firm anchorage for the over
hanging seat which lies immediately below the
outer sole. When thus united and braced at the
junction of the heel and outer sole, the several
elements are well adapted to withstand the fre
extending from the recess I5 and contacting
with the bottom face of the outer sole i2. If
desired, this brace may be attached to the sole
quent shocks tending to “kick” the heel from the
by means of a nail Il clinched on the metallic
soles.
shank piece Il vas shown in Fig. l, but such
attachment is not essential. This brace I6 is
ñrmly seated in the recess I5, and in the pre
ferred form of the invention, it has a flange I8
contacting with the rear wall of the recess. The
Upper edge of said flange I8 contacts with the
lip It .as shown in Fig. 1, and the rear margin 35
of the outer sole is firmly seated in the brace ifi.
Therefore, any downward pressure on the sole
in the area near the heel will be very effectively
With the foregoing and other objects in view,
the invention comprises the novel construction,
combination and arrangement of parts herein
after more specifically described and shown in
the accompanying drawing, which illustrates one
3y, form of the invention. However, it is to ‘ce
v understood
that
the
invention
comprehends
changes, variations and modifications within the
scope of the claims hereunto appended.
Fig. 1 is a side View, partly in section, illus
trating a shoe embodying the features of this
invention.
Fig. 2 is a detail view of a heel having a recess
to receive the stiff brace.
_
Figure 3 .is a detail View of the brace, pref
erably made of metal, or other stiff material, hav
ing a flanged rear portion conforming to the
recess in the heel.
Fig. 4 is a detail view showing the stiff brace
interlocked with the heel.
Fig. 5 is a detail View of a portion of the outer
sole having a rear margin adapted to be seated
between the stiff brace and a projecting lip
which extends from the heel.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary section on
55
Attention is now directed to the stiiî brace I6
resisted by the brace I6, which is interlocked
with the heel. Furthermore, any forward thrusts
on the lower portion of the heel are transmitted
to the extended brace I6, and thence to a large
0
area of the sole which is seated on said brace.
Bearing in mind that the outer sole is firmly
45
attached to the shoe upper, it will also be appar
ent that rearward thrusts at the bottom of the
heel are transmitted through this reinforced
area near the junction of the heel and outer sole,
and that the simple reinforcement is well adapted
to withstand the frequently occurring stresses
which tend to separate the heel from the soles.
Attention is now directed to the combination
and arrangement of speciñc details wherein the
several elements cooperate with each other in a 55
2
2,183,352
particular manner to very effectively perform the
overhanging support extending from said recess
y several functions, at the same time producing a
to form an extended seat for the outer sole.
2. In a shoe, a heel having an attaching surface
at the top and a relatively narrow lip at the front
of said attaching surface, the said attaching sur
face being recessed at opposite sides of said rela
tively narrow lip, the recess being continued un
der the lip to provide a continuous recess which
neat and entirely feasible reinforcement lacking
certain objections found in previous devices of
this kind.
'
The heel has an attaching surface at the top,
and the relatively narrow lip I4 is located at the
front of this attaching surface, said lip being
formed integral with the heel. The attaching
attaching surface, said recess terminating be
tively narrow líp, and the bottom wall of the
tween the opposite side faces of the heel, and the
recess is curved under the lip to provide an ap
relatively narrow lip being formed directly be
tween the ends of the recess, an inner sole secured
above said recessed attaching surface, an outer
sole having a marginal end portion seated in said
recess, and a shank brace seated between said end
portion and the bottom of said recess, said shank
brace being provided with an overhanging support
proximately crescent-shaped recess at the top of
the breast of the heel. The lip I4 has a curved
15 bottom face forming the top wall of the recess.
However, this narrow lip I4 is at the middle of
the recess, and the top of said recess is open at
opposite sides of the lip.
point, the relatively narrow lip I4 lies directly be
extending from said recess in the heel to form an
extended seat for the outer sole.
3. In a shoe, a heel having an attaching sur
face at the top and a relatively narrow lip at the
tween the side edges of the outer sole. The in
terlocked portion of the outer. sole is concealed
front of said attaching surface, the said attach
ing surface being recessed at opposite sides of
The outer sole I2 has an approximately cres
20 cent-shaped rear margin which conforms to the
recess, as shown most clearly in Fig. 6. At this
25 in the recess, so its side edges are not exposed at
the side faces of the shoe.
The interlocked shank brace I5 has a curved
bottom portion seated on the bottom of the re
cess, and an upturned rear marginal portion IS
30 located directly between and contacting with the
cess which extends downwardly from opposite
sides of said attaching surface, said recess ter
minating between the opposite side faces of the
heel, and the relatively narrow lip being formed 30
directly between the ends of the recess, an inner
outer sole I2. This upturned rear margin i8 of
sole secured above said recessed attaching surface,
the interlocked shank brace has a curved upper
an outer sole having a marginal end portion con
forming to and seated in said recess, said rela
35 curved bottom face of the lip I4. Said inter
locked shank brace I 5 is also provided with an
overhanging support conforming to and extend
ing from the curved bottom of the recess in the
heel, so as to form an extended seat for the cor
40 respondingly curved outer sole.
Downward pressure on this overhanging seat
will be firmly resisted by the interlocked portion
of the brace I6 as such downward pressure will
tend to transmit an upward thrust to the rear
45 marginal flange I8 which is seated against the lip
I4 to prevent downward displacement of the over«
hanging seat.
In fact, the brace I6 is so interlocked with the
heel and sole that it tends to prevent displace
ment in all directions, and when the parts are
50
interlocked in this manner, it is not necessary to
use nails, or the like, to attach the brace i@ to
the shoe. Furthermore, the interlocked portions
of the brace IIS and sole I2 are concealed in the
recess I5 which extends downwardly from the at
taching surface of the heel, so these interlocking
elements are not exposed at the sides of the shoe.
The simple shank brace shown in Fig. 3 is an
inexpensive addition to a shoe, and its several
elements are arranged to provide unusual strength
60
in the area near the junction of the heel and
outer sole, which very materially increases the
durability of the shoe.
I claim:
' i. In a shoe, a heel having an attaching surface
at the top and a lip at the front of said attaching
surface, said heel being provided with a recess
immediately below said lip, an inner sole secured
above said attaching surface, an outer sole having
70 a marginal portion extending into said recess,
and a shank brace interlocked with said heel and
outer sole, said interlocked shank brace being
seated in said recess and provided with an up
turned portion abutting against said lip, and said
75 interlocked shank brace being provided with an
l0
said relatively narrow lip, the recess being con
tinued under the lip to provide a continuous re
rear wall of the recess and the rear edge of the
edge conforming to and abutting against the
65
extends downwardly from opposite sides of said
surface is recessed at opposite sides of the rela
tively narrow lip being directly between the side 35
edges of said marginal portion, and a shank brace
extending from the bottom of said recess to form
an overhanging seat for said outer sole.
4. In a shoe, a heel having an attaching surface
at the top and a lip at the front of said attach~ 40
ing surface, the said attaching surface being re
cessed at opposite sides of said lip, and the recess
being continued under the lip to provide a con
tinuous recess at the top of the breast of said heel,
an inner sole secured above said recessed attach
ing surface, an outer sole extending into said re
cess, and a shank brace interlocked with said, heel
and outer sole, said .interlocked shank brace hav
ing a bottom portion seatedl on the bottom of said
recess and an upturned rear marginal portion 50
located between and contacting with the rear wall
of the recess and the rear edge of the outer sole
therein, said upturned rear marginal portion of
the shank brace having an upper edge abutting
against the bottom face of said lip, and said inter
locked shank brace being provided with a support
extending from said recess in the heel to form an
extended seat for the outer sole.
5. In a shoe, a heel having an attaching sur
face at the top and a relatively narrow lip at the 60
front of said attaching surface, the said attaching
surface being recessed atopposite sides of said
relatively narrow lip, the bottom wall of the
recess being continued under the lip to provide
a continuous recess at the top of the breast of said
heel, said relatively narrow lip being at the middle
portion of the recess, an inner sole secured above
said recessed attaching surface, an outer sole
extending into said recess, and a shank brace in
terlocked with said heel and outer sole, said in 70
terlocked shank brace having a bottom portion
seated on the bottom of said recess and an up
turned rear marginal portion between the rear
wall of the recess and the rear edge of the outer
sole therein, said upturned rear marginal por
75
‘2,133,352
3
tion of the shank brace having an upper edge
abutting against said lip, and said interlocked
crescent-shaped recess, and a shank brace inter
locked With said heel and outer sole, said inter
shank brace being provided with a support ex
tending from said recess in the heel to form an
locked shank brace having a curved bottom por
tion seated on the bottom of said recess and an
extended seat for the outer sole.
6. In a shoe, a heel having an attaching sur
face at the top and a lip at the front of said at
taching surface, the said attaching surface being
recessed at opposite sides of said lip, and the
10 bottom Wall of the recess being curved under the
upturned rear marginal portion located directly
lip to provide an approximately crescent-shaped
recess at the top of the breast of said heel, said
lip having a curved bottom face forming the top
wall of the recess, an inner sole secured above said
15 recessed attaching surface, an outer sole having
a Vcrescent-shaped margin extending into said
between and contacting With the rear Wall of the
recess and the rear edge of the outer sole therein,
said upturned rear marginal portion of the shank
brace having a curved upper edge conforming to
and abutting against the curved bottom face of 10
said lip, said interlocked shank 'brace being pro
vided With an overhanging support conforming
to and extending from the curved bottom of said
recess in the heel to form an extended seat for
the outer sole.
15
CHARLES J. JANNINGS.
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