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Патент USA US2133417

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Oct. 18, 1938.
R. c. BLACH *
Filed March 25, 1936
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Patented Oct, 18, 1938
Ralph C. Blach, Birmingham, Ala..
Application March 23, 1936, Serial No. 70,337
5 Claims.
My invention relates to a tailor’s ruling templet
to facilitate the measuring and applying of cuff
fold marks to trousers.
At the present time practically all men’s trou
5 sers, except dress trousers, are made with bot
tom cuffs, and it is the object of my present in
sides of the marking edge to hold it against be
ing pulled or drawn when the marks are applied.
vention to devise a set of templets. each suitable
My invention further comprises the novel de
tails of construction and arrangement of parts
which, in their preferred embodiments only, are
illustrated in the accompanying drawing and
hereinafter more particularly described and
for applying lthe requisite marks to guide the
tailor in forming cuffs having a given standard
10 width.v At the present time one templet for a
1%” wide cuif will mark about 95% of trousers,
and by the use of' only three templets designed for
11/2", 1%” and 2” width cuffs, I can provide for
the rapid and accurate laying out of any stand
15 ard cuff.
My invention contemplates stamping or other
wise forming the templets from thin and slightly
ñexible sheet metal of any suitable character, and
providing them with parallel side edges and with
20 a transverse slot providing an intermediate rul
ing edge parallel with the side edges and properly
spaced with reference thereto according to the
Width of cuff it is designed to lay out.
In the use of templets of this general charac
25 ter, certain difficulties have been experienced
which it is the particular object of my invention
to overcome.
One difficulty is that when a tem
plet, cut from thin metal stock, is pressed against
the cloth to be marked its edges become so em
30 bedded in the fabric that they provide an insufli
In the drawing:
Fig. ï is a plan view of a templet embodying 10
my invention.
Fig. 2 is an end View of Fig. l.
Fig. 3 is a side elevation of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a plan view showing the templet inY
use for marking trousers.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken
on the line IV-IV of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is a plan view showing a set of templets
in nested relation.
Fig. 7 is an enlarged end view of Fig. 6.
Figs. 8 and 9 are detail views showing how the
flanged templet ruling edge enables the lower
chalk line to be applied in exact opposition to
both sides of the leg of the trousers that is being
Similar reference numerals refer to similar
parts throughout the drawing.
Since the several templets of a set are similar
in design and structure, differing merely in pro
portions, a description of one will apply to al1.
cient ruling edge to guide the chalk so that it
In Figs. 1 and 2 I show a typical templet suit
must be carefully handled, thereby slowing up
able for laying out bottom 1%” cuffs. This
templet comprises a body portion I0 of sheet
the use of the templet.
A second disadvantage is that the sharp ruling
35 edge of a thin flat metal templet will rapidly cut
away the tailor’s ruling chalk, necessitating its
frequent sharpening with consequent waste.
A third disadvantage is that it is practically
impossible by pressing a fiat templet on the cloth
40 to hold the cloth against drawing or pulling when
the ruling chalk is pressed against and drawn
across it. In other words, the cloth will tend to
pull and distort the line unless it is held in a posi
tive way.
(Cl. 33-11)
I propose to overcome all of these objections,
notwithstanding the templet is cut from thin Sheet
metal stock, by having preferably each of its
measuring edges defined by an integral flange
bent through an angle preferably greater than
180° so that its serrated edge will be inclined
downwardly and away from its ruling edge that
alone will be engaged by the chalk. Such a flange
raises the ruling edge above the fabric, presents
it asa rounded edge to the chalk, and provides
55 teeth which grip the fabric firmly on one or both
metal or suitable material, which is substantially
rectangular in shape and comprises an upper
ruling or measuring edge II, an intermediate
ruling edge I2, and aA bottom ruling edge I3.
Provision for the intermediate ruling edge I2 is
made by forming the transverse slot I4 across
the body of the templet, and the stock displaced to
form this slot is not punched out but is cut free
at its ends only from the body Il) and is divided
along its longitudinal center line by a zig-zag
cut to form the flanges I6 and I l, each having
teeth or serrations I5 along its free bottom edge
which is bent under and preferably set at an
incline away from the slot opening left between
them. In like manner the side edges II and I3
are provided with similar serrated flanges I8
and I9 Which are formed as a part of the opera
tion Aof separating the blanks I0 from the stock
so that each cross vcut to sever the templet blanks
from the strip stock will form the serrated edges
for a fiange I8 and a flange I9 on adjacent tem
plet blanks. The templet is thus provided, -as
seen in Fig. 5, with four serrated parallel ñanges,
the toothed edges of which are bent under and
set in position to bite into the cloth when the
templet is pressed down upon the trousers to .be
marked. I thus provide along the four closely
associated parallel transverse edges gripping ele
When I refer to a serrated edge I mean to in
clude any practical and suitable arrangement of
prongs or teeth that will grip the fabric.
The serrated lips or flanges along the ruling
ments which will engage and hold the cloth
edges are preferably integral with the plate,
against drawing or stretching during the marking
continuous along its edges, and equal in width.
While I have shown my invention in but one
form, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art
that it is not so limited, but is susceptible of
various changes and modifications, Without de
It will also be noted that these flanges raise
the ruling edges and hold them from becoming
embedded in the material so as to provide spaced,
rounded edges which will protect the chalk from
being cut as it is drawn along them and which
will readily guide the chalk for quick and rapid
use of the templet.
To facilitate the picking up of these flat tem
plets, I provide them With handle portions formed
by the flanges 20 and 2l which are struck up from
a corner of the plate Ill and these short flanges
have their adjacent edges sharpened and spaced
to form a V-notch 23 Which has the correct shape
for receiving the marking edge of the tailor’s
chalk and sharpening it when drawn through
LD Ll this notch.
In the use of my invention, I show the templet
I0 in Fig. 4 applied to a pair of trousers 24 and
upon these trousers I have placed a length meas
ure mark 25, according to the customer’s length
E50 measurements. The templet edge I I is laid
across the trousers at the mark 25 and, if desired,
a mark may be run across the cloth at this
point, but this is not necessary.
The tailor with a quick free motion then runs
his chalk along the edges I2 and I3, holding the
serrated flanges I6, I1, I8, I9, pressed down into
the fabric to hold it against being pulled. By eye
then, he cuts olf the surplus stock at the re
quired distance below the mark applied along the
edge I3.
By referring to Figs. 8 and 9 an important ad
vantage of my templet will be understood. Fig. 8
shows the chalk 21 being drawn along the lower
ruling edge I3 to rule the line 28 on the- upper
side of the trouser leg being marked. To apply
a chalk line exactly opposite 28 on the inner side
of the same leg, it is raised and the chalk is
run along under it and against the inclined flange
I9. Due to the pitch of this flange the chalk,
held above the table level 26 by the tailor’s iin
gers, will strike the cloth at a point opposite the
level 28 and, as seen in Fig. 9, will apply a con
tinuation of that line 28 across the under side of
the leg to guide the machine operator in sewing
the templet from position on the trousers being
the cuff or to serve as a measuring point from
which the tailor can use the templet to rule lines
on the under side to match those ruled from the
upper side. Without the inclination of the flange
I9 the upper and under lines 28 would not match
but would be relatively displaced.
I have described the templet III for the nar
rowest or 11/2” cuffs. The templet Illa for 1%"
cuffs will differ only in that the slot Ill is formed
wider and if desired stock is cut away between
the serrated edges I3 of its flanges I6 and I'I.
'I'he same is true for the 2” templet Iûb. They
are designed so their flanges will nest for ship
ment as seen in Figs. 6 and 7.
The tailor can readily pick up the thin _flat
templets by its flanges 20, 2| as a handle and he
can run his chalk between them without moving
parting from the spirit thereof, and I desire,
therefore, that only such limitations shall be
placed thereupon as are imposed by the prior art
or as are specifically set forth in the appended
What I claim is:
1. A templet for marking trouser cuffs, com
prising a plate slotted and shaped to provide an
intermediate ruling edge parallel with a second
ruling edge and having a predetermined spac
ing from a measuring edge on the opposite side
thereof from said second ruling edge, and a ser
rated flange disposed with its teeth clear of the 25
path of a ruling marker guided by the adjacent
ruling edge and adapted to engage the cloth of
the garment firmly adjacent to a ruling edge.
2. A templet for marking trouser cuffs, com
prising a plate slotted and shaped to provide an 30
intermediate ruling edge parallel With a second
ruling edge and having a predetermined spacing
from a measuring edge on the opposite side
thereof from said second ruling edge, and a ser
rated flange bent under at least normal to the 35
plate and disposed to engage the cloth of the
garment ñrmly adjacent to a ruling edge.
3. A templet for marking trouser cuffs, com
prising a plate having in order a measuring
edge, an intermediate slot providing a ruling
edge spaced the predetermined cuff Width from
the measuring edge, and a second ruling edge
spaced the cuff Width from the intermediate
ruling edge, the plate adjacent both ruling edges
being bent under to provide a rounded ruling 45
edge and a lip thereunder to support said edge
above the level of the fabric to be marked, the
free edge of said lip being toothed to engage the
fabric and hold it against pulling during the
trouser marking operation.
4. A templet formed of sheet metal having an
intermediate slot, one edge of which is parallel
with and equi-distant from the side edges of the
plate, the metal stock along said slot edge and
along each side edge of the plate being bent ,L
under and serrated along its free edge to provide
a serrated lip overhung by a raised rounded rul
ing edge.
5. A trouser cuff marking templet formed of
sheet metal and having side ruling edges and an 60
intermediate transverse slot defining a ruling
edge which is appropriately spaced from and re
lated to said side ruling edges of the templet,
the metal along at least one ruling edge being
bent down and serrated to form a lip adapted 65
both to grip the cloth being marked and to sup
port the adjacent ruling edge sufficiently above
the cloth to afford a raised chalk guide.
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