Патент USA US2133449код для вставки
Oct. 18, 1938. 2,133,449 A. J. HAUG MACHINE FOR USE IN THE PREPARATION OF PAPER STOCK Filed May 5, 1937 5 Sheets-Sheet l NN INVENTOR u ATTORNEY , Oct. 18, 1938. A. J.‘ HAUG 2,133,449 MACHINE FOR USE IN THE PREPARATION OF PAPER STOCK ‘3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed May 5, 1937 F. 1 ' 1/2512. BY INVENTOR ‘ ' 26/427, ATTORNEY Patented Oct. 18', 1938 2,133,449 , ' UNITED . STATES PATENT-OFFICE 2,133,449 MACHINE FOR USE IN THEIPREPARATION - OF PAPER STOCK Anton Joseph Hang, Nashua, N. H. ‘Application my 5, 1937, Serial No. 140,881 5 Claims. IIUhis invention relates to machines of the gen .eral type disclosed in my prior Patent No. 2,066,107,- ,granted December 29, 1936. While these machines were designed primarily .for the purpose of refining the coarser constituents of (c1; sit-26)] ' ings 1-1 at opposite ends of the machine, and two additional rolls are similarly supported, as‘ shown in Fig. 2, the three rolls being spaced apart by equal angular distances. Springs, such as those shown at ID, are interposed between the I Paper stock _such,'for example, as the materials , hub of the spider I and the free end portions of rejected by the pulp screens, they have also been the respective links 8 where they serve to hold‘ found' useful for other purposes, especially in the rolls 8 continuously in contact with the inner certain of the preliminary steps in working up 10 the material from which paper, paper board, and surface of the cylinder 3. During the operation '_of the machine the shaft 4 is revolved in a_l0. allied products are made. For convenience, such counter-clockwise direction,Fig. 2, through'pow- ‘ . materials will be hereinafter referred to as "pa er applied to the pulley i2, Fig. l, and the cen trifugal force created in ‘the rolls and their im The present invention aims to improve ma mediate supports by such rotation also serves chines of this type with a view to making them to hold‘ these rolls against the inner surface of 15. more‘ e?icient,,increasing the range of materials the‘ cylinder. In fact, the pressure so created‘ which they are capable of handling, reducing between the, rolls and the cylinder wall is relied the care and attention required by them, and upon chie?y in re?ning the stock, the springs'lll generally increasing their usefulness. ' merely preventing the rolls from falling away 20 The nature‘of the invention will be readily from the cylinder 3 when the machine is stopped, 20 ‘ per stock." ‘ " . , ' understood from the following description when read in connection with the accompanying draw and acting as shock absorbers. I At one end of the casing 2 it is provided with lnas. and the novel , features will be, particularly van intake chute l4 andat its opposite end‘with a pointed out in the appended claims. discharge port or opening I 5. - As the paper stock 25 In the‘ drawings, , . _ > is fed into the intake chute it passes between two/26 Figure l is a vertical, sectional view, "with some sets of rotary knives or‘ disk cutters l6 and II, parts broken away and some in elevation, of a " the teeth of which overlap each other, as shown machine embodying this invention; /_ , in Fig. :2, ,so that they serve to break up and Fig. 2 is ayertical, transverse, sectional view shred to a substantial degree the material intro 30. of the machine shown in Fig. 1 on approximately duced into the drum. This stock immediately 30 ‘ the line 2-2, Fig. 1; . comes into the range of operation of a series of , Fig. 3 is a‘longitudinal, sectional view of a por inclined blades-l8 mounted fast‘ on. the shaft 4 tion of the drum or cylinder; , _ 1 to revolve with it and spaced between the rolls 8. Figs. 4, 5 and ,6 are sectional views approxi 35 'mately on the lines 4-4, 5-5, and 6+6, respec ’ This series of blades extends the entire length of the drum and serves to convey the stock through‘ 35 tively, Fig. 3; it from the intake to the discharge port. Ejec Fig. 7 is a vertical, sectional viewithrough anv tion of the. refined stock through the port I! is end portion of one of the rolls approximately on the line 1-1, "Fig. A‘; and 40 - . Fig. 8 shows a modified bearing structure. Referring first to Figs. 1 and 2, the machine’ there shown comprises a drum or casing 2 which includes a cylindrical lining or shell 3. Extend ing longitudinally through this casing is a hori 45 zontal shaft 4 carrying two spiders 5-5 at its _ facilitated by a. scraper 20, Fig.- 1', which is securedto and‘krevolves with the shaft 4 and operates in the'annular chamber at the dis- 40 v charge end of the casing. As ‘the stock moves through the drum, the rolls crush it against the inner surface of the cylinder 3. ' Referring to Fig. 1 it will be seenthat the peripheral surface of the roll 8 is provided with opposite ends, these spiders being rigidly secured _ diagonal depressions or grooves,_such as those to the shaft for rotation therewith‘. In the par 'indicated at a, and that these grooves are re ticular machine shown, each spider is provided _ with three radial arms ‘each provided with a bearing at its outer end. Supported on these bearing portions of the arms are additional arms or links 6 which themselves carry bearings, such as those shown ‘at 'I in Fig. 1. A roll ,8, Fig. 1, located“ within and extending longitudinally‘of the cylinder 3. is mounted in two of these bear versely arranged, some of them having a clock-_ wise component around the circumference of the ' roll, while others have a counter-clockwise com ponent. They intersect each other at frequent intervals and thus divide’ the greater part of the surface of the roll into a series of diamond-shaped sections. Similarly, the inner surface of the cyl inder 3 is provided’with diagonal depressions'or I" ' 2 - 9,188,449 grooves, such as those shown at 12, these grooves being reversely ’arranged and intersecting each other in substantially the same way as do the for machine ‘parts made ‘from them. f‘mcarta" is a typical example of a satisfactory commercial 1 material from which to make these bushings and other bearing elements.‘ Such bushings are shown in the drawings at 22 and 23, Fig. 1. In grooves a. Those in the cylinder, however, are spaced farther apart than are the grooves in the order to supply water substantially continuously roll. All of the rolls are substantially identical to these surfaces at the right-hand end of the in construction. The grooving of the rolls, whether reversely or shaft, Fig. l, a collar 24 is secured fast on the otherwise, is of advantage in producing the rota 10 tion of the rolls around their individual axes which is necessary to their proper operation, and also produces a far more effective and emcient re?ning of the stock. When grooved in one direction only, however, they produce a reaction on the stock which tends both to move the stock axially in the casing and also to move the rolls axially. This produces a thrust on the roll bear- _ shaft, this collar being hollow and provided at one end with a circular cut-out portion through 10 which a nozzle 25 projects. Water from any convenient source of supply is fedithrough this nozzle into the collar at the desired rate. From the collar it is discharged into the respective roll _ bearings through nozzlescooperating with them, one of these nozzles being shown at 26,. It de livers its water into a receptacle 21 formed in the bearing at the end of the shaft. This water may ?nd its way along the bearing surface. through ings which often tends to make themheat up, and in any' event, is undesirable. Such end grooves in the shaft or through a hole 28 formed 20 thrust, however, is avoided, and the efiiciency of centraliy'in the shaft, radial ducts leading from' the rolls is increased by reversely grooving them. this hole to the outer surface of the journal. Also, The efficiency of the machine is‘further increased additional radial holes, one of which is shown at by grooving the cylinder 3. An additional and a 30, 'OQHdUCtRthB lubricating water to the spherical important advantage of this feature of the inven bearing surface 3|. Pipe connections 32 also lead tion is that it enables the machine to‘ handle water from the collar 24 into a duct 33 formed successfully coarser stock and certain kinds of in the bearing boss 34 at the outer end of the material which are slippery and which, conse spider arm, this duct leading the water to the quently, could not be successfully treated in the surface of the bushing 23. The same arrange machine without the additional grip afforded by ment is repeated for the other journals and spider w ' the grooves in the casing cooperating with those arms, and is duplicated at the opposite end of in the rolls. The reverse arrangement of the machine. cylinder grooves also eliminates the undesirable the. Partitions, such as those shown at 35 and 36,‘ axial reaction on the stock which otherwise would preferably are provided also at the opposite ends be produced. _ of the drum to separate the chamber containing 35 Since the stock at the intake end of the drum the paper stock from the compartments in which I is relatively coarse and is reduced to a more the spiders and the bearings are mounted. This ?nely divided condition as it progresses toward partition arrangement may be like that shown in the out1et,‘I have found it advantageous to taper my prior patent above designated, and it may the grooves both in the cylinder and in the rolls. also be equipped with packing devices around 40 4 (i That is, the grooves are relatively large at the the ends of the shaft of the same general nature intake end of the machine and taper gradually as those shown in said patent. While it is im toward. the opposite end. In 'the cylinder this portant to keep the paper stock out of the bear construction is well shown in Figs. 3 to"6, and ing chambers, it is not at all important to keep essentially the same relationship is satisfactory the water used as a lubricant'from entering the 45 45 in the rolls. Naturally the size of. the grooves stock working chamber since this stock is always used will vary somewhat with the nature of the mixed with water. In fact, the lubricating wa stock and other practical details of individual ter may either be discharged directly into the installations. A typical depth is approximately pan 40 into which the re?ned stock is elected, ?ve-sixteenths of an inch at the larger end and ' or into supplemental discharge chutes. 50 they taper uniformly to zero at or adjacent to the _ Another arrangement which may conveniently opposite end of the roll or the cylinder. They be used. for supplying water to the bearing sur preferably are cut spirally. . faces, and which is somewhat simpler than that A further feature of this invention which is above described, is shown in Fig. 8. Here the useful in re?ning stock containing coarse chips bearing bushing “1', corresponding to~the mem- , and-other relatively large pieces of material, con her ‘I shown in Fig. 1, is made of f‘Micarta” or sists in providing that portion‘ of the roll 8 which other suitable non-metallic bearing material ca lies in the chamber A, and into which the material pable ‘of being lubricated by water, and the por drops from the chute M, with- relatively large tions of this member extending beyond its sup and prominent; teeth 21, Figs. 1 and 7., These port are provided with holes drilled radially there 60 teeth cooperate withvthe adjacent wall of the\ through. Spray nozzles 43 are led through the drum to break up the larger pieces of stock and _ casing 31 and positioned to direct sprays of water thus reduce them to such a size that they can against the perforated sections of the bushings be more effectually handled by the rolls. "l' for the different bearings as they swing through The lubrication of the rolls‘and other bearing their paths of movement. Essentially the same (35 surfaces in a machine of this type is especially idea can be applied ,to the other bearings. While troublesome because of the necessity for keeping this arrangement does not directly apply water water out of the bearings and also preventing any to the spherical surfaces of the bushing ‘I’, _ substantial amount of lubricating oil from ?nd enough spray works on to these surfaces to lubri ing its way into-the re?ned stock. I have found cate them satisfactorily. this difficulty can be effectually overcome With regard to the grooving of the rolls and 70 that by replacing the metal bushings of the bearings the inner surface of the drum, applicant has with non-metallic bushings, such as those made of fiber indurated by heat and impregnation with shown a construction which he prefers, but it be evident that either,'or both, of these mem rubber, synthetic resins, and similar materials, will bers can be roughened in other ways so that they 75 ‘such that water forms a satisfactory lubricant 75 '70 3 2,183,449 will perform essentially the same operations on as to leave intervening lands falling opposite lands the stock as do the grooved members. The im on the other as the rolls rotate around the axis portant point is that the construction shall be adapted for this purpose and that the grooves of the drum, whereby the relative bodily rota-' tion of the rolls in the cylinder revolves them or other roughening elements in the two members shall not be such that the rolls can interlock‘ with the drum.- So long as these conditions are the stock and the crushing action of the rolls met, the shape given to these elements to make them perform these functions can‘take a wide 10 variety of forms. - In the construction shown any interlocking of the rolls with the drum is pre vented by the fact that the lands intervening be tween grooves in the surface of the roll are al around their own axes due to their contact with on the stock is increased. 2. A machine according to preceding claim 1, ‘in which said depressions in both the rolls and said drum are diagonally disposed with reference to radial planes, respectively, of said rolls and drum. 3. A machine according to preceding claim 1, so that hot or cold water, steam, or the like, can in which said depressions in both the rolls and said drum are reversely disposed and intersect 15 with each other diagonally so that the crushing action exerted on the stock by the ,rolls doesnot create any substantial degree of end thrust on be circulated throughthe jacket'space to produce the rolls. ways opposed to lands on the drum. ' In refining some kinds of stock, the factor of temperature is important, and in such cases I prefer to equip the drum with a jacket 45, Fig. 1, 20 the desired temperature conditions. In some cases, also, it is of advantage to spray hot water, steam, or the like, upon the stock as it travels through the drum, and this member vmay be equipped with any desired number of spray nozzles such, for example, as that shown at 46 for this purpose. In the event that it is undesir , > 4. A machine according to preceding claim 1, 20 in which said drumis provided with inlet and out let passages near opposite. ends thereof, and the surfaces of both the rolls and the drum are re versely grooved, the grooves diagonally intersect ing each other in each of said surfaces to produce substantially diamond-shaped sections in them and said grooves in both the rolls and the drum able to discharge the water used for lubricat are larger at the inlet end of the drum than at ing purposes into the pan 40, this pan may be pro , vided with supplemental discharge chutes, such, the outlet end thereof. 5. In a machine for re?ning paper stock and 80 as those shown at 44-44, and also with a de the like, the combination of a drum adapted to ?ector or gate 45 adjustableinto an approxi mately upright position,_as shown, or into 'a ?at .hold a quantity of said stock, a roll in said drum for acting upon the stock, said roll extending longitudinally of the stock chamber in the drum, the lubricating liquid into its discharge ports. 85 While I have herein shown and described a‘ means supporting said roll for rotation about its 36 inoperative position, the de?ector serving to guide ‘preferred embodiment of my invention, it will be evident from the foregoing that the invention may be embodied-in other forms without depart ing from the spirit or scope thereof. Having thus described my invention, what I 40 desire to claim as new is: 1. In a machine for re?ning paper stock and the like, the combination of a drum having an approximately cylindrical inner\ surface and 45 adapted to hold a quantity of said- stock, a plu rality of rolls mounted in said drum and extend ing longitudinally thereof for engaging the stock and crushing it against said surface, means sup porting said rolls for bodily rotation around the 50 axis of said drum, for rotation around their-in dividual axes, and for lateral movement toward and from the inner surface of- said drum, the pe ripheral surfaces of said rolls and the inner sur-. own axis in contact with the stock and for move ment toward and from the inner surface of said drum to cause it to crush said stock against said surface, means forrevolving said roll around the axis of said drum, the peripheral surface of said roll being roughened to grip said stock, said drum having an inlet at one end thereof and an out let for the stock at the opposite end, and said roll having teeth thereon at the portion thereof ad jacent to said inlet, said- teeth being relatively large and serving to exert a ~severe breaking action on the large pieces of stock. 6. JA,machine according to preceding 'claim' 1, in which said drum is provided with inlet and outlet passages near opposite ends thereof, and 50 said'rolls having coarse and prominent teeth on the portions thereof at the inlet end of the drum. ' face of said drum both being provided with de pressions, the depressions of one being 'so disposed ‘ANTON JOSEPH HAUG. 55.