close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2133497

код для вставки
2,133,497
Patented Oct. 18, 1938>
_UNITED sTATEs PATENT OFFICE
2,133,497
METALLIC SHOWER-BATH CABINET
Frank T. Winston, Forest Hills, Long Island, N. Y.,
assignor, by mcsne assignments, to Shower
Sales Corporation
Application December 27, 1937, Serial No. 181,838
2 Claims. (Cl. 189-2)
This invention relates to improvements in me
tallic shower-bath cabinets, and comprises a con
tinuation-impart of my prior patent application;
Serial No. 120,643, filed January 15th, 1937.
5
One of the objects of this invention is to pro
duce a portable, knock-down shower-bath cabi
net which will be composed of a minimum num
ber of simple parts capable of being readily,
quickly and easily assembled and dis-assembled
without tools by unskilled labor and also capable
of being manufactured at a low cost.
Another object of my invention is to provide an
interlocking connection between wall members
and base members which will provide an inter
locking connection or joint that will be more
secure and stable than interlocking connections
heretofore made, and furthermore, will provide,
at the bottom edge, an inwardly-extending water
shedding apron which will avoid cracks Within
-30 which water may penetrate to cause corrosion.
With these and other objects in view, the in
vention comprises the combination of members
and arrangement of parts so combined as to co
act and co-operate with each other in the per
5 formance of the functions and the accomplish
ment of the results herein contemplated, and
comprises in one of its adaptations the species or
preferred form illustrated in the accompanying
drawing, in which:--30
Fig. l is a view in perspective of a cabinet em
bodying my invention;
Fig. 2 is a horizontal view on the line 2--2 of
Fig. 3, looking in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 3 is a vertical section on the line 3--3 of
_, Fig. 2 partially broken away at the middle of the
cabinet;
Fig. 4 is a vertical section on the line 4-4 of
Fig. 3 looking in the direction of the arrows, the
middle part of the cabinet being broken away:
Fig. 5 is an enlarged vertical section showing
my interlocking connection or joint between the
side walls and the bottom or base of the cabinet.
Referring now to the drawing, I indicates a
base member comprising a rectangular frame
having at its lower end integrally-formed foot
portions I’ and at its upper end vertically-extend
ing ñanges la. Within the base member I is fitted
and supported a pan 2, the bottom 2’ of which
extends transversely and is disposed intermedi
ately between the foot portion I' and the top of
the flanges Ia while the side walls 2* of the pan
abut the inner surface of the base member I and‘i
are fastened thereto by welds 2b. . Above the weld
ing portion 2b the side-walls of the pan have ver
vl 5 tically-projecting flanges 2° bent inwardly to
form a shoulder 2d and are spaced from the
flanges Iß of the base member to provide a groove
3 therebetween. The bottom of the pan 2 is
provided, at its center, with a drain-opening 2°.
The -bottom of the pan 2 is also preferably sup- 5
ported intermediate its center and edges by -Z
shaped reinforcing members 4 which extend com
pletely around the drain opening and in parallel
relationship to the 'walls of the cabinet and the
base member.
10
In my cabinet, in order to reduce the number
of parts and simplify the construction, I prefer
ably provide opposite side-wall members 4n hav
ing edges formed to provide integral door-frame
stile-casings. These side-wall members will be
interchangeable one with the other, thus greatly
increasing the facility with which my cabinet
may be erected and dismantled, and also enabling
the provision, at the factory, of holes h, h' for the
faucet connections in one of such side-wall mem
20
bers so that when the cabinet is erected, the in
terchangeable side-walls having the faucet-holes
may be disposed in the necessary position, i. e.,
either at the right or left-hand side of the cabi
net, to enable ready connection with the faucet _
connections, it being understood that in bath cab
inets, it is often necessary to position the faucet
connections at the right-hand or left-hand side
of the cabinet.
When. erected in proper relationship to the
Water supply, the stile-casing at the outer edge
of each side-Wall member will provide an effec
tive and efficient door-frame stile while the stile
casing at the opposite rear edge, the provision of
which enables the interchangeability of such
side-wall members as above indicated, will also
provide a more stable and firm construction
which reinforces the rear-Wall. 'I'hese opposite
inwardly-projecting stile members also cooper
ate with the interlocking-connecting members at 40
the bottom of the cabinet so that by mere in
sertion, into the cooperating grooves, of the in
terlocking connections at the lower edge of the
side-wall members an initial erection of both
side-wall members may be effected and the rear
Wall may then be readily and easily applied and
fastened to produce a strong interlocked and fas
tened construction.
In the embodiment illustrated, each of the
stile-casings 5 of the side-wall members is com 50
posed of an intermediate rectangularly-bent
face-portion 5', an inwardly-turned intermediate
rectangularly-bent edge-plate 5“, another inter
mediate rear-plate 5b parallel with the face-plate
5' and a terminal flange 5° extending parallel 55
2
- 2,133,497
to the edge-plate- 5* so as to form a box-shaped
stile-casing of rugged and strong construction
for the provision, as aforesaid, ef a doorway on
which a door may be hung, if desired, without
difllculty.
`
In accordance with my present invention, the
bottom portion of each of my side-wallmembers
4, of the typev speciiied, is provided, as more par
ticularly shown in Fig. 5, with an outside groove
10 making strip 5d having an outside attaching strip
5e connected to the outer surface of the walls by
welds 6d, an outwardly-extending intermediate
shoulder portion 5d’ and a downwardly-project
ing flange 5f spaced from the outside surface of
the bottom part 6b of the wall 6 to provide a
groove 5l into> which is inserted the flange 2c of
the pan while the said outside flange'it is in
serted within the groove 3 and the bottom part
6b of said Wall 6 terminates in abutment at 6¢
20 with the bottom of the pan 2. A double inter
locking connection is thus formed in which the
flange 5f interlocks with the spaced flanges of
the base member and pan and the flange 2° of
the panis interlocked between the flange 5f and
the outerA surface of the wall 6. By the pro
vision of ¿the strip 5d and flange 5f on the out
side of the bottom of the wall, the inner sur
face of thewall is free of projections and sheds
water fromI the internal surface of the walls and
l30 permits extension of said bottom part of the
wall down to the bottom of the pan. Thus', when
the parts are so constructed, a water-shedding
and non-leaking construction is formed which
will deflect Water to the center of the pan and
not permit water to contact with the inter
35 will
locking connections so as to produce corrosion.
Furthermore, the flange on the outside surface
of the bottom of my side-wall member not only
produces a strong reinforcement for the bot
tom edges of the wall members and enables an
eilicient frictional interlock to be produced at
the connection between the said wall members
and the base, but prevents any possible leakage
of water to the outside of the cabinet.
The rear wall member 6 simply comprises a
fiat panel having similar bottom interlocking con
nections and adapted to flt between rear stile
casings and is preferably provided along its side
edges with .bent-up stile-casings 6' adapted to fit
over and conform to the edge sections of the stile
casings of the side-wall members so as to close
such edges of the construction against the ad
mission of water and the like. `
The top edges of the side-wall members are
each provided with horizontal reinforcing flanges
4b produced by bending an intermediate portion
inwardly and folding the marginal edge on said
bent portion, and the rear-wall member is pro
vided with similar horizontal reinforcing flanges
6‘.
To complete the construction, a sill member 1
having an interlocking connection comprising a
double flange 1’ and an inturned water shedding
flange 1* in all respects similar to those herein
above described, is positioned over and inter
locked with the flanges of the p'an and base
member to provide a brace therefore as well as
completely closing the groove 3, and a top rail
member 8 of angle-bar formation is seated on
the opposite stile-casings with its depending
ñange 8’ abutting the outer face-plates thereof 10
and, as shown, is lfastened to the top flanges by
plates S.
'
Having described my invention, I claim:
1. A metallic bath cabinet embodying, in combi
nation, base and pan members fastened together 15
and provided with interlocking elements compris
ing vertically-extending flanges spaced to form
inner and outer walls of an upwardly-opening
groove extending around said base and pan mem
bers, and vertical wall members each having 20
interlocking elements engageable with the inter
locking elements of said base and pan members
and comprising an outside welded strip having
a downwardly-extending interlocking flange
spaced from the outer surface of the wall and in 25
interlocking position engaging within said up
wardly-opening groove in the base and pan mem
bers, said wall having an uninterrupted surface
extending on the inside of the cabinet below said
interlocking members into contact with the bot 30
tom of the pan to shed water from the upper
surface of said wall members to the pan and to
prevent leakage of water sprayed within the
cabinet to the outside thereof.
2. A metallic bath cabinet embodying, in combi
nation, base and pan members fastened together
35
and provided with interlocking elements com
prising vertically-extending flanges spaced to form
inner and outer walls of an upwardly-opening
groove extending around said base and pan mem 40
bers, and vertical wall members each having
interlocking elements engageable with the inter
locking elements of said base and pan members
and comprising an outside welded strip having a
downwardly-extending interlocking flange spaced
from the outer surface of the wall and in inter
locking position engaging within said upwardly
opening groove in the base and pan members, said
_Wall having an uninterrupted surface extending
on the inside of the cabinet below said interlock
ing members into contact with the bottom of the
pan to shed water from the upper surface of said
wall members to the pan and to prevent leakage
of water sprayed within the cabinet to the out
side thereof, said wall members having integral 55
stile-casings and said interlocking connections ex
tending on the outside surfaces of said stlles to
enable initial erection of said side-walls on the
said base and pan members.
FRANK T. WINSTON.
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
336 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа